Search results for '*Selective Attention' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Jan W. De Fockert (2013). Beyond Perceptual Load and Dilution: A Review of the Role of Working Memory in Selective Attention. [REVIEW] Frontiers in Psychology 4.score: 168.0
    The perceptual load and dilution models differ fundamentally in terms of the proposed mechanism underlying variation in distractibility during different perceptual conditions. However, both models predict that distracting information can be processed beyond perceptual processing under certain conditions, a prediction that is well-supported by the literature. Load theory proposes that in such cases, where perceptual task aspects do not allow for sufficient attentional selectivity, the maintenance of task-relevant processing depends on cognitive control mechanisms, including working memory. The key prediction is (...)
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  2. Zachary Joseph Jackson Roper & Shaun P. Vecera (2013). Response Terminated Displays Unload Selective Attention. Frontiers in Psychology 4:967.score: 168.0
    Perceptual load theory successfully replaced the early versus late selection debate by appealing to adaptive control over the efficiency of selective attention. Early selection is observed unless perceptual load (p-Load) is sufficiently low to grant attentional ‘spill-over‘ to task-irrelevant stimuli. Many studies exploring load theory have used limited display durations that perhaps impose artificial limits on encoding processes. We extended the exposure duration in a classic p-Load task to alleviate temporal encoding demands that may otherwise tax mnemonic consolidation processes. (...)
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  3. J. Michael Herrmann Hecke Schrobsdorff, Matthias Ihrke, Jörg Behrendt, Marcus Hasselhorn (2012). Inhibition in the Dynamics of Selective Attention: An Integrative Model for Negative Priming. Frontiers in Psychology 3.score: 168.0
    We introduce a computational model of the negative priming (NP) effect that includes perception, memory, attention, decision making, and action. The model is designed to provide a coherent picture across competing theories of NP and to relate psychological experiments to physiological measurements. The model is formulated in terms of an abstract dynamics of activations of features, their binding into object entities or their semantic categorization as well as related memories and implied reactions. The dynamical variables interact in a connectionist (...)
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  4. [deleted]Phillip J. Holcomb Kirk R. Daffner, Elise C. Tarbi, Anna E. Haring, Tatyana Y. Zhuravleva, Xue Sun, Dorene M. Rentz (2012). The Influence of Executive Capacity on Selective Attention and Subsequent Processing. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 6.score: 168.0
    Recent investigations that suggest selective attention is dependent on top-down control mechanisms lead to the expectation that individuals with high executive capacity would exhibit more robust neural indices of selective attention. This prediction was tested by using event-related potentials (ERPs) to examine differences in markers of information processing across 25 subjects divided into 2 groups based on high vs. average executive capacity, as defined by neuropsychological test scores. Subjects performed an experimental task requiring selective attention to a (...)
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  5. Mika Koivisto & Antti Revonsuo (2007). Electrophysiological Correlates of Visual Consciousness and Selective Attention. Neuroreport 18 (8):753-756.score: 147.0
  6. Charles W. Eriksen & James F. Collins (1969). Temporal Course of Selective Attention. Journal of Experimental Psychology 80 (2p1):254.score: 147.0
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  7. Geoffrey Underwood (1973). Control of Selective Attention and Interference of Processing in Memory. Journal of Experimental Psychology 99 (1):28-34.score: 147.0
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  8. Anthony G. Greenwald (1972). Evidence of Both Perceptual Filtering and Response Suppression for Rejected Messages in Selective Attention. Journal of Experimental Psychology 94 (1):58.score: 147.0
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  9. Ralph Norman Haber (1964). A Replication of Selective Attention and Coding in Visual Perception. Journal of Experimental Psychology 67 (4):402.score: 147.0
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  10. Charles S. Harris & Ralph Norman Haber (1963). Selective Attention and Coding in Visual Perception. Journal of Experimental Psychology 65 (4):328.score: 147.0
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  11. John E. Northman & Howard Ranken (1973). Selective Attention in the Effect of Labeling on Symbolic Problem Solving. Journal of Experimental Psychology 98 (1):209.score: 147.0
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  12. J. R. Tresilian (1999). Selective Attention in Reaching: When is an Object Not a Distracter? Trends in Cognitive Sciences 3 (11):407-408.score: 147.0
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  13. Anthony G. Greenwald (1970). Selective Attention as a Function of Signal Rate. Journal of Experimental Psychology 86 (1):48.score: 147.0
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  14. Harold L. Hawkins, Gerald B. Thomas, Joelle C. Presson, Andrew Cozic & David Brookmire (1974). Precategorical Selective Attention and Tonal Specificity in Auditory Recognition. Journal of Experimental Psychology 103 (3):530.score: 147.0
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  15. Piotr Jaskoski, Rob H. J. van der Lubbe, Erik Schlotterbeck & Rolf Verleger (2002). Traces Left on Visual Selective Attention by Stimuli That Are Not Consciously Identified. Psychological Science 13 (1):48-54.score: 147.0
  16. Tamar Zelniker (1971). Perceptual Attenuation of an Irrelevant Auditory Verbal Input as Measured by an Involuntary Verbal Response in a Selective-Attention Task. Journal of Experimental Psychology 87 (1):52.score: 147.0
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  17. Anne M. Treisman & Jenefer G. Riley (1969). Is Selective Attention Selective Perception or Selective Response? A Further Test. Journal of Experimental Psychology 79 (1p1):27.score: 139.0
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  18. J. J. Foxe & A. C. Snyder (2010). The Role of Alpha-Band Brain Oscillations as a Sensory Suppression Mechanism During Selective Attention. Frontiers in Psychology 2:154-154.score: 136.0
    Evidence has amassed from both animal intracranial recordings and human electrophysiology that neural oscillatory mechanisms play a critical role in a number of cognitive functions such as learning, memory, feature binding and sensory gating. The wide availability of high-density electrical and magnetic recordings (64-256 channels) over the past two decades has allowed for renewed efforts in the characterization and localization of these rhythms. A variety of cognitive effects that are associated with specific brain oscillations have been reported, which range in (...)
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  19. C. D. Chambers & J. B. Mattingley (2005). Neurodisruption of Selective Attention: Insights and Implications. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 9 (11):542-550.score: 136.0
    Mechanisms of selective attention are vital for coherent perception and action. Recent advances in cognitive neuroscience have yielded key insights into the relationship between neural mechanisms of attention and eye movements, and the role of frontal and parietal brain regions as sources of attentional control. Here we explore the growing contribution of reversible neurodisruption techniques, including transcranial magnetic stimulation and microelectrode stimulation, to the cognitive neuroscience of spatial attention. These approaches permit unique causal inferences concerning the relationship (...)
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  20. Diego Fernandez-Duque, Selective Attention in Early Dementia of Alzheimer Type.score: 126.0
    This study explored possible deficits in selective attention brought about by Dementia of Alzheimer Type (DAT). In three experiments, we tested patients with early DAT, healthy elderly, and young adults under low memory demands to assess perceptual filtering, conflict resolution, and set switching abilities. We found no evidence of impaired perceptual filtering nor evidence of impaired conflict resolution in early DAT. In contrast, early DAT patients did exhibit a global cost in set switching consistent with an inability to maintain (...)
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  21. Manuel Liz (2008). Selective Attention. Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 34:15-20.score: 126.0
    The aim of this paper is to focus on the phenomenon of selective attention as pointing out important psychological cases where it is arguable that we can have practical reasons without the capacity to carry out any relevant inference. Selective attention also would serve to show the possibility to have very basic demonstrative references to particular perceptual items without the possession of any concept. I will argue that if we assume 1) that believing can be taken as a (...)
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  22. S. E. Black, Selective Attention in Early Dementia of Alzheimer Type.score: 126.0
    This study explored possible deficits in selective attention brought about by Dementia of Alzheimer Type (DAT). In three experiments, we tested patients with early DAT, healthy elderly, and young adults under low memory demands to assess perceptual filtering, conflict resolution, and set switching abilities. We found no evidence of impaired perceptual filtering nor evidence of impaired conflict resolution in early DAT. In contrast, early DAT patients did exhibit a global cost in set switching consistent with an inability to maintain (...)
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  23. John E. Marsh, Lea K. Pilgrim & Patrik Sörqvist (2013). Hemispheric Specialisation in Selective Attention and Short-Term Memory: A Fine-Coarse Model of Left and Right Ear Disadvantages. Frontiers in Psychology 4:976.score: 126.0
    Serial short-term memory is impaired by irrelevant sound, particularly when the sound changes acoustically. This acoustic effect is larger when the sound is presented to the left compared to the right ear (a left-ear disadvantage). Serial memory appears relatively insensitive to distraction from the semantic properties of a background sound. In contrast, short-term free recall of semantic-category exemplars is impaired by the semantic properties of background speech and relatively insensitive to the sound’s acoustic properties. This semantic effect is larger when (...)
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  24. Chen Yu, Yiwen Zhong & Damian Fricker (2012). Selective Attention in Cross-Situational Statistical Learning: Evidence From Eye Tracking. Frontiers in Psychology 3.score: 126.0
    A growing set of data show that adults are quite good at accumulating statistical evidence across individually ambiguous learning contexts with multiple novel words and multiple novel objects (Fitneva & Christiansen, 2011; Kachergis, Yu, & Shiffrin, 2012; Yu & Smith, 2007; Yurovsky, Fricker, Yu, & Smith, under resubmission); experimental studies also indicate that infants and young children do this kind of learning as well (Smith & Yu, 2008; Vouloumanos & Werker, 2009). The present study provides evidence for the operation of (...)
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  25. [deleted]Nikki Pratt, Adrian Willoughby & Diane Swick (2011). Effects of Working Memory Load on Visual Selective Attention: Behavioral and Electrophysiological Evidence. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 5:57-57.score: 120.0
    Working memory and attention interact in a way that enables us to focus on relevant items and maintain current goals. The influence of working memory on attention has been noted in several studies using dual task designs. Multitasking increases the demands on working memory and reduces the amount of resources available for cognitive control functions such as resolving stimulus conflict. However, few studies have investigated the temporal activation of the cortex while multitasking. The present study addresses the extent (...)
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  26. [deleted]Katja Saupe, Erich Schröger, Søen K. Andersen & Matthias M. Müller (2009). Neural Mechanisms of Intermodal Sustained Selective Attention with Concurrently Presented Auditory and Visual Stimuli. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 3:58.score: 120.0
    We investigated intermodal attention effects on the auditory steady-state response (ASSR) and the steady-state visual evoked potential (SSVEP). For this purpose, 40 Hz amplitude modulated tones and a stream of flickering (7.5 Hz) random letters were presented concurrently. By means of an auditory or visual target detection task, participants’ attention was directed to the respective modality for several seconds. Attention to the auditory stream led to a significant enhancement of the ASSR compared to when the visual stream (...)
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  27. D. E. Broadbent (1952). Failures of Attention in Selective Listening. Journal of Experimental Psychology 44 (6):428.score: 119.0
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  28. Dana L. Strait & Nina Kraus (2011). Can You Hear Me Now? Musical Training Shapes Functional Brain Networks for Selective Auditory Attention and Hearing Speech in Noise. Frontiers in Psychology 2.score: 116.0
    Even in the quietest of rooms, our senses are perpetually inundated by a barrage of sounds, requiring the auditory system to adapt to a variety of listening conditions in order to extract signals of interest (e.g., one speaker’s voice amidst others). Brain networks that promote selective attention are thought to sharpen the neural encoding of a target signal, suppressing competing sounds and enhancing perceptual performance. Here, we ask: does musical training benefit cortical mechanisms that underlie selective attention to (...)
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  29. Behrad Noudoost & Tirin Moore (2011). The Role of Neuromodulators in Selective Attention. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 15 (12):585.score: 115.0
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  30. Peter Hamilton (1969). Selective Attention in Multisource Monitoring Tasks. Journal of Experimental Psychology 82 (1p1):34.score: 115.0
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  31. William A. Johnston & Veronica J. Dark (1986). Selective Attention. Annu. Rev. Psychol 37:43-75.score: 115.0
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  32. George R. Mangun, Steven A. Hillyard & Steven J. Luck (1993). " IQ Electrocortical Substrates of Visual Selective Attention. In David E. Meyer & Sylvan Kornblum (eds.), Attention and Performance Xiv. The Mit Press. 14--219.score: 110.0
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  33. Eliane Vurpillot & William A. Ball (1979). The Concept of Identity and Children's Selective Attention. In G. Hale & M. Lewis (eds.), Attention and Cognitive Development. Plenum.. 23--42.score: 110.0
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  34. G. Billock, C. Koch & D. Psaltis (2005). Selective Attention as an Optimal Computational Strategy. In Laurent Itti, Geraint Rees & John K. Tsotsos (eds.), Neurobiology of Attention. Academic Press. 18--23.score: 110.0
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  35. D. E. Broadbent (1970). Stimulus Set and Response Set: Two Kinds of Selective Attention. In D. Mostofsky (ed.), Attention: Contemporary Theory and Analysis. Appleton-Century-Crofts. 51--60.score: 110.0
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  36. Can Attention Modulate (2005). In This Chapter We Review Our Recent Experiments Targeting the Issue of Whether Visual Selective Attention Can Modulate Synes-Thetic Experience. Our Research has Focused on Color-Graphemic Synesthesia, in Which Letters, Numbers, and Words Elicit Vivid Experiences of Color. Al-Though the Specific Associations Between Inducing Stimuli and the Colors They Elicit Aretypically Idiosyncratic, They Remain Highly Consistent Over Time for Individual Synesthetes (Baron-Cohen, Harrison, Goldstein &Wyke, 1993; Baron-Cohen, Wyke &Binnie, 1987). [REVIEW] In Robertson, C. L. & N. Sagiv (eds.), Synesthesia: Perspectives From Cognitive Neuroscience. Oxford University Press.score: 110.0
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  37. Alice Mado Proverbio & Alberto Zani (2005). ERP Studies of Selective Attention to Non-Spatial Features. In Laurent Itti, Geraint Rees & John K. Tsotsos (eds.), Neurobiology of Attention. Academic Press.score: 110.0
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  38. George Sperling, Stephen A. Wurst & Zhong-Lin Lu (1993). 12 Using Repetition Detection to Define and Localize the Processes of Selective Attention. In David E. Meyer & Sylvan Kornblum (eds.), Attention and Performance Xiv. The Mit Press. 14--265.score: 110.0
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  39. John Campbell (1997). Sense, Reference and Selective Attention. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 71 (71):55-98.score: 105.0
    Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 71 (1997), 55-74, with a reply by Michael Martin.
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  40. Michael G. F. Martin (1997). Sense, Reference and Selective Attention II. Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 71 (1):75–98.score: 105.0
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  41. Steven J. Luck & Michelle Ford (1998). On the Role of Selective Attention in Visual Perception. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 95 (3):825-830.score: 105.0
  42. Austen Clark (2011). Cross-Modal Cuing and Selective Attention. In Fiona Macpherson (ed.), The Senses: Classic and Contemporary Philosophical Perspectives. Oxford University Press, Usa. 375.score: 105.0
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  43. Stephen Luck, Leonardo Chelazzi, Steven Hillyard & Robert Desimone (1997). Neural Mechanisms of Spatial Selective Attention in Areas V1, V2, and V4 of Macaque Visual Cortex. Journal of Neurophysiology 77 (1):24-42.score: 105.0
  44. Annette C. Baier (1996). The Vital but Dangerous Art of Ignoring: Selective Attention and Self-Deception. In Roger T. Ames & Wimal Dissanayake (eds.), Self and Deception: A Cross-Cultural Philosophical Enquiry. Albany: SUNY Press.score: 105.0
     
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  45. G. Underwood (1983). Selective Attention and Selective Awareness of Conscious Processes. In , Aspects of Consciousness, Volume 3: Awareness and Self-Awareness. Academic Press.score: 105.0
  46. Bruno van Swinderen (2008). The Remote Roots of Conscious in Fruit-Fly Selective Attention? In Hans Liljenström & Peter Århem (eds.), Consciousness Transitions: Phylogenetic, Ontogenetic, and Physiological Aspects. Elsevier.score: 105.0
     
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  47. John Duncan (2012). A Research Agenda for 40 Years and Counting : Strategies and Models of Selective Attention. In Jeremy M. Wolfe & Lynn C. Robertson (eds.), From Perception to Consciousness: Searching with Anne Treisman. Oxford University Press. 13.score: 100.0
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  48. Adam Gazzaley & Anna C. Nobre (2012). Top-Down Modulation: Bridging Selective Attention and Working Memory. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 16 (2):129-135.score: 100.0
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  49. [deleted]Martinez A. (2008). Brain Oscillations Evoked During Spatial Selective Attention and Their Neural Correlates: An EEG Study. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 2.score: 100.0
  50. [deleted]Griffiths G. (2010). Correlation Between Parent-Reported Executive Functions and EEG Response During Selective-Attention and Language Tasks in Preschool Children: An Event-Related and Spectral Measurement Study. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 4.score: 100.0
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