Search results for '*Short Term Memory' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Nelson Cowan (2001). The Magical Number 4 in Short-Term Memory: A Reconsideration of Mental Storage Capacity. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (1):87-114.score: 720.0
    Miller (1956) summarized evidence that people can remember about seven chunks in short-term memory (STM) tasks. However, that number was meant more as a rough estimate and a rhetorical device than as a real capacity limit. Others have since suggested that there is a more precise capacity limit, but that it is only three to five chunks. The present target article brings together a wide variety of data on capacity limits suggesting that the smaller capacity limit is real. (...)
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  2. Mary C. Potter (2012). Conceptual Short Term Memory in Perception and Thought. Frontiers in Psychology 3.score: 720.0
    Conceptual short term memory (CSTM) is a theoretical construct that provides one answer to the question of how perceptual and conceptual processes are related. CSTM is a mental buffer and processor in which current perceptual stimuli and their associated concepts from long term memory (LTM) are represented briefly, allowing meaningful patterns or structures to be identified (Potter, 1993, 1999, 2009). CSTM is different from and complementary to other proposed forms of working memory: it is engaged (...)
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  3. Simone Cutini & Mario Bonato (2012). Subitizing and Visual Short-Term Memory in Human and Non-Human Species: A Common Shared System? Frontiers in Psychology 3:469.score: 720.0
    Subitizing and visual short-term memory in human and non-human species: a common shared system?
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  4. Juha Silvanto Silvia Bona, Zaira Cattaneo, Tomaso Vecchi, David Soto (2013). Metacognition of Visual Short-Term Memory: Dissociation Between Objective and Subjective Components of VSTM. Frontiers in Psychology 4.score: 720.0
    The relationship between the objective accuracy of visual-short term memory (VSTM) representations and their subjective conscious experience is unknown. We investigated this issue by assessing how the objective and subjective components of VSTM in a delayed cue-target orientation discrimination task are affected by intervening distracters. On each trial, participants were shown a memory cue (a grating), the orientation of which they were asked to hold in memory. On approximately half of the trials, a distractor grating appeared (...)
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  5. Arjan Blokland Bart Aben, Sven Stapert (2012). About the Distinction Between Working Memory and Short-Term Memory. Frontiers in Psychology 3.score: 720.0
    The theoretical concepts short-term memory (STM) and working memory (WM) have been used to refer to the maintenance and the maintenance plus manipulation of memory, respectively. Although they are conceptually different, the use of the terms STM and WM in literature is not always strict. Short-term memory and WM are different theoretical concepts that are assumed to reflect different cognitive functions. However, correlational studies have not been able to separate both constructs consistently and there (...)
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  6. Eddy J. Davelaar (2013). Short-Term Memory as a Working Memory Control Process. Frontiers in Psychology 4.score: 720.0
    Short-term memory as a working memory control process.
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  7. John E. Marsh, Lea K. Pilgrim & Patrik Sörqvist (2013). Hemispheric Specialisation in Selective Attention and Short-Term Memory: A Fine-Coarse Model of Left and Right Ear Disadvantages. Frontiers in Psychology 4:976.score: 720.0
    Serial short-term memory is impaired by irrelevant sound, particularly when the sound changes acoustically. This acoustic effect is larger when the sound is presented to the left compared to the right ear (a left-ear disadvantage). Serial memory appears relatively insensitive to distraction from the semantic properties of a background sound. In contrast, short-term free recall of semantic-category exemplars is impaired by the semantic properties of background speech and relatively insensitive to the sound’s acoustic properties. This semantic (...)
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  8. Steven J. Luck Lisa M. Oakes, Heidi A. Baumgartner, Frederick S. Barrett, Ian M. Messenger (2013). Developmental Changes in Visual Short-Term Memory in Infancy: Evidence From Eye-Tracking. Frontiers in Psychology 4.score: 720.0
    We assessed visual short-term memory (VSTM) for color in 6- and 8-month-old infants (n = 76) using a one-shot change detection task. In this task, a sample array of two colored squares was visible for 517 ms, followed by a 317-ms retention period and then a 3000-ms test array consisting of one unchanged item and one item in a new color. We tracked gaze at 60 Hz while infants looked at the changed and unchanged items during test. When (...)
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  9. Rhodri Cusack Daniel J. Mitchell (2011). The Temporal Evolution of Electromagnetic Markers Sensitive to the Capacity Limits of Visual Short-Term Memory. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 5.score: 720.0
    An electroencephalographic (EEG) marker of the limited contents of human visual short-term memory (VSTM) has previously been described. Termed contralateral delay activity (CDA), this consists of a sustained, posterior, negative potential that correlates with memory load and is greatest contralateral to the remembered hemifield. The current investigation replicates this finding and uses magnetoencephalography (MEG) to characterise its magnetic counterparts and their neural generators as they evolve throughout the memory delay. A parametric manipulation of memory load, (...)
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  10. Bradley R. Postle Jeffrey S. Johnson, David W. Sutterer, Daniel J. Acheson, Jarrod A. Lewis-Peacock (2011). Increased Alpha-Band Power During the Retention of Shapes and Shape-Location Associations in Visual Short-Term Memory. Frontiers in Psychology 2.score: 720.0
    Studies exploring the role of neural oscillations in cognition have revealed sustained increases in alpha-band (~8-14 Hz) power during the delay period of delayed-recognition short-term memory tasks. These increases have been proposed to reflect the inhibition, for example, of cortical areas representing task-irrelevant information, or of potentially interfering representations from previous trials. Another possibility, however, is that elevated delay-period alpha-band power reflects the selection and maintenance of information, rather than, or in addition to, the inhibition of task-irrelevant information. (...)
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  11. Gary Jones (2012). Why Chunking Should Be Considered as an Explanation for Developmental Change Before Short-Term Memory Capacity and Processing Speed. Frontiers in Psychology 3.score: 720.0
    The chunking hypothesis suggests that during the repeated exposure of stimulus material, information is organized into increasingly larger chunks. Many researchers have not considered the full power of the chunking hypothesis as both a learning mechanism and as an explanation of human behavior. Indeed, in developmental psychology there is relatively little mention of chunking and yet it can be the underlying cause of some of the mechanisms of development that have been proposed. This paper illustrates the chunking hypothesis in the (...)
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  12. Steve Majerus (2013). Language Repetition and Short-Term Memory: An Integrative Framework. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.score: 720.0
    Short-term maintenance of verbal information is a core factor of language repetition, especially when reproducing multiple or unfamiliar stimuli. Many models of language processing locate the verbal short-term maintenance function in the left posterior superior temporo-parietal area and its connections with the inferior frontal gyrus. However, research in the field of short-term memory has implicated bilateral fronto-parietal networks, involved in attention and serial order processing, as being critical for the maintenance and reproduction of verbal sequences. We (...)
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  13. D. J. Murray (1968). Articulation and Acoustic Confusability in Short-Term Memory. Journal of Experimental Psychology 78 (4p1):679.score: 630.0
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  14. George D. Goedel (1974). Connotative Evaluation and Concreteness Shifts in Short-Term Memory. Journal of Experimental Psychology 102 (2):314.score: 630.0
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  15. Henry Loess & Richard Harris (1968). Short-Term Memory for Individual Verbal Items as a Function of Method of Recall. Journal of Experimental Psychology 78 (1):64.score: 630.0
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  16. Katharine I. Blick (1969). Decision and Decay Processes in the Short-Term Memory for Length. Journal of Experimental Psychology 82 (2):224.score: 630.0
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  17. Alfred H. Fuchs (1969). Recall for Order and Content of Serial Word Lists in Short-Term Memory. Journal of Experimental Psychology 82 (1p1):14.score: 630.0
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  18. Kenneth R. Laughery & James C. Fell (1969). Subject Preferences and the Nature of Information Stored in Short-Term Memory. Journal of Experimental Psychology 82 (2):193.score: 630.0
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  19. Richard H. Lindley & Shari E. Nedler (1965). Futher Effects of Subject-Generated Recoding Cues on Short-Term Memory. Journal of Experimental Psychology 69 (3):324.score: 630.0
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  20. Allen L. Pinkus & Kenneth R. Laughery (1970). Recoding and Grouping Processes in Short-Term Memory: Effects of Subject-Paced Presentation. Journal of Experimental Psychology 85 (3):335.score: 630.0
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  21. G. Rolf Schaub & Richard H. Lindley (1964). Effects of Subject-Generated Recoding Cues on Short-Term Memory. Journal of Experimental Psychology 68 (2):171.score: 630.0
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  22. Graeme Wallace & Michael C. Corballis (1973). Short-Term Memory and Coding Strategies in the Deaf. Journal of Experimental Psychology 99 (3):334-348.score: 630.0
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  23. Delos D. Wickens & Randall W. Engle (1970). Imagery and Abstractness in Short-Term Memory. Journal of Experimental Psychology 84 (2):268.score: 630.0
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  24. Jack A. Adams & Sanne Dijkstra (1966). Short-Term Memory for Motor Responses. Journal of Experimental Psychology 71 (2):314.score: 630.0
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  25. John G. Borkowski & Howard C. Eisner (1968). Meaningfulness and Abstractness in Short-Term Memory. Journal of Experimental Psychology 76 (1p1):57.score: 630.0
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  26. David G. Elmes (1969). Cueing to Forget in Short-Term Memory. Journal of Experimental Psychology 80 (3p1):561.score: 630.0
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  27. David S. Gorfein & David E. Jacobson (1973). Memory Search in a Brown-Peterson Short-Term Memory Paradigm. Journal of Experimental Psychology 99 (1):82-87.score: 630.0
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  28. Ronald H. Hopkins, Richard E. Edwards & Cheri L. Cook (1973). Presentation Modality, Distractor Modality, and Proactive Interference in Short-Term Memory. Journal of Experimental Psychology 98 (2):362.score: 630.0
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  29. Walter Kintsch & Herman Buschke (1969). Homophones and Synonyms in Short-Term Memory. Journal of Experimental Psychology 80 (3p1):403.score: 630.0
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  30. Lester A. Lefton & Anne B. Spragins (1974). Orthographic Structure and Reading Experience Affect the Transfer From Iconic to Short-Term Memory. Journal of Experimental Psychology 103 (4):775.score: 630.0
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  31. Richard A. Monty & Robert Karsh (1969). Spatial Encoding of Auditory Stimuli in Sequential Short-Term Memory. Journal of Experimental Psychology 81 (3):572.score: 630.0
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  32. Stanley M. Moss & Jo A. Sharac (1970). Accuracy and Latency in Short-Term Memory: Evidence for a Dual Retrieval Process. Journal of Experimental Psychology 84 (1):40.score: 630.0
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  33. Lars-Goran Nilsson (1973). Organization by Modality in Short-Term Memory. Journal of Experimental Psychology 100 (2):246.score: 630.0
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  34. J. D. Read, Gayle Read & Ian Excell (1974). Effects of Probe-Digit Positions and Feedback on Item Retrievability in Short-Term Memory. Journal of Experimental Psychology 103 (6):1207.score: 630.0
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  35. Wayne A. Wickelgren (1964). Size of Rehearsal Group and Short-Term Memory. Journal of Experimental Psychology 68 (4):413.score: 630.0
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  36. Wayne A. Wickelgren & Pamela T. Whitman (1970). Visual Very-Short-Term Memory is Nonassociative. Journal of Experimental Psychology 84 (2):277.score: 630.0
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  37. Judith P. Allik & Alexander W. Siegel (1974). Facilitation of Sequential Short-Term Memory with Pictorial Stimuli. Journal of Experimental Psychology 103 (3):567.score: 630.0
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  38. Terry R. Anders (1973). A High-Speed Self-Terminating Search of Short-Term Memory. Journal of Experimental Psychology 97 (1):34.score: 630.0
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  39. Terry R. Anders (1971). Retrospective Reports of Retrieval From Short-Term Memory. Journal of Experimental Psychology 90 (2):251.score: 630.0
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  40. Derek Besner, J. K. Keating, Leslie J. Cake & Richard Maddigan (1974). Repetition Effects in Iconic and Verbal Short-Term Memory. Journal of Experimental Psychology 102 (5):901.score: 630.0
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  41. John G. Borkowski & Thomas Mann (1968). Effects of Anxiety and Interference on Short-Term Memory. Journal of Experimental Psychology 78 (2p1):352.score: 630.0
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  42. Laird S. Cermak (1969). Repetition and Encoding in Short-Term Memory. Journal of Experimental Psychology 82 (2):321.score: 630.0
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  43. Chao-Ming Cheng (1974). Different Roles of Acoustic and Articulatory Information in Short-Term Memory. Journal of Experimental Psychology 103 (4):614.score: 630.0
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  44. Eugene S. Cherry (1970). Effects of Rehearsal and Methods of Retrieval on Performance in a Visual Short-Term Memory Task. Journal of Experimental Psychology 83 (1p1):141.score: 630.0
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  45. William R. Clark & David A. Johnson (1970). Effects of Instructional Set on Pupillary Responses During a Short-Term Memory Task. Journal of Experimental Psychology 85 (2):315.score: 630.0
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  46. June Crawford, Earl Hunt & Grahame Peak (1966). Inverse Forgetting in Short-Term Memory. Journal of Experimental Psychology 72 (3):415.score: 630.0
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  47. Richard F. Dillon & L. Starling Reid (1969). Short-Term Memory as a Function of Information Processing During the Retention Interval. Journal of Experimental Psychology 81 (2):261.score: 630.0
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  48. Norman R. Ellis, Douglas K. Detterman, Dennis Runcie, Ronald B. McCarver & Ellis M. Craig (1971). Amnesic Effects in Short-Term Memory. Journal of Experimental Psychology 89 (2):357.score: 630.0
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  49. Norman R. Ellis (1969). Evidence for Two Storage Processes in Short-Term Memory. Journal of Experimental Psychology 80 (2p1):390.score: 630.0
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  50. Maxwell C. Elliott (1974). Physical Size Shift and Release of Proactive Inhibition in Short-Term Memory. Journal of Experimental Psychology 103 (6):1216.score: 630.0
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