Search results for '*Subliminal Perception' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Thomas Zoega Ramsøy & Morten Overgaard (2004). Introspection and Subliminal Perception. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 3 (1):1-23.score: 160.0
    Subliminal perception (SP) is today considered a well-supported theory stating that perception can occur without conscious awareness and have a significant impact on later behaviour and thought. In this article, we first present and discuss different approaches to the study of SP. In doing this, we claim that most approaches are based on a dichotomic measure of awareness. Drawing upon recent advances and discussions in the study of introspection and phenomenological psychology, we argue for both the possibility and (...)
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  2. Matthew H. Erdelyi (2004). Subliminal Perception and its Cognates: Theory, Indeterminacy, and Time. Consciousness and Cognition 13 (1):73-91.score: 147.0
    Unconscious processes, by whatever name they may be known , are invariably operationalized by the dissociation paradigm, any situation involving the dissociation between two indicators , one of availability and the other, of accessibility , such that, ε>α. Subliminal perception has been traditionally defined by a special case of the dissociation paradigm in which availability exceeds accessibility when accessibility is null . Construct validity issues bedevil all dissociation paradigms since it is not clear what might constitute appropriate indicators that, (...)
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  3. John F. Kihlstrom (2004). Availability, Accessibility, and Subliminal Perception. Consciousness and Cognition 13 (1):92-100.score: 147.0
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  4. Ravi K. Kurup & Parameswara A. Kurup (2003). A Hypothalamic Digoxin-Mediated Model for Conscious and Subliminal Perception. International Journal of Neuroscience 113 (6):815-820.score: 147.0
  5. H. E. King, C. Landis & J. Zubin (1944). Visual Subliminal Perception Where a Figure is Obscured by the Illumination of the Ground. Journal of Experimental Psychology 34 (1):60.score: 147.0
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  6. Graham H. Bird (1973). Subliminal Perception. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 73:217-232.score: 115.0
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  7. Katharina Henke, Theodor Landis & Hans J. Markowitsch (1993). Subliminal Perception of Pictures in the Right Hemisphere. Consciousness and Cognition 2 (3):225-236.score: 100.0
    We addressed the questions whether stimuli presented below the threshold of verbal awareness are nevertheless perceived and whether there are perceptual differences between the two cerebral hemispheres. Pictures of line drawn objects and animals were subliminally presented to each visual half-field for subsequent identification in a form as fragmented as possible. The performance of 40 healthy subjects was compared to that of 63 controls. Whereas identification performance after blank presentation in the experimental group did not differ from that of controls, (...)
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  8. Jeff G. Miller (2000). Measurement Error in Subliminal Perception Experiments: Simulation Analyses of Two Regression Methods. Journal of Experimental Psychology 26:1461-1477.score: 100.0
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  9. Neil A. Macmillan (1986). The Psychophysics of Subliminal Perception. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 9 (1):38.score: 100.0
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  10. Howard Shevrin (1986). Subliminal Perception and Dreaming. Journal of Mind and Behavior 7 (2-3).score: 100.0
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  11. N. F. Dixon (1971). Subliminal Perception: The Nature of a Controversy. McGraw-Hill.score: 100.0
     
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  12. Howard Shevrin (1990). Subliminal Perception and Repression. In Jerome L. Singer (ed.), Repression and Dissociation: Implications for Personality Theory, Psychopathology, and Health. University of Chicago Press 103--119.score: 100.0
  13. Robert G. Crowder (1986). A History of Subliminal Perception in Autobiography. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 9 (1):28.score: 100.0
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  14. Matthew Hugh Erdelyi (1986). Experimental Indeterminacies in the Dissociation Paradigm of Subliminal Perception. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 9 (1):30.score: 100.0
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  15. Matthew Finkbeiner & Max Coltheart (2014). Dismissing Subliminal Perception Because of its Famous Problems is Classic “Baby with the Bathwater”. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 37 (1):27.score: 100.0
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  16. K. Klauer & Anthony G. Greenwald (2000). Measurement Error in Subliminal Perception Experiments: Simulation Analyses of Two Regression Methods. Journal of Experimental Psychology 26:1506-1508.score: 100.0
     
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  17. H. Kreitler & S. Kreitler (1973). Subliminal Perception and Extrasensory Perception. Journal of Parapsychology 37:163-88.score: 100.0
  18. Timothy E. Moore (1992). Subliminal Perception: Facts and Fallacies. Skeptical Inquirer 16:273-81.score: 100.0
     
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  19. Emmanuel Dupoux, Vincent de Gardelle & Sid Kouider (2008). Subliminal Speech Perception and Auditory Streaming. Cognition 109 (2):267-273.score: 80.0
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  20. Pedro R. Montoro, Dolores Luna & Juan J. Ortells (2014). Subliminal Gestalt Grouping: Evidence of Perceptual Grouping by Proximity and Similarity in Absence of Conscious Perception. Consciousness and Cognition 25 (1):1-8.score: 80.0
    Previous studies making use of indirect processing measures have shown that perceptual grouping can occur outside the focus of attention. However, no previous study has examined the possibility of subliminal processing of perceptual grouping. The present work steps forward in the study of perceptual organization, reporting direct evidence of subliminal processing of Gestalt patterns. In two masked priming experiments, Gestalt patterns grouped by proximity or similarity that induced either a horizontal or vertical global orientation of the stimuli were presented as (...)
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  21. R. KunzendoRf (1992). Apperception Revisited: ?Subliminal? Monocular Perception During the Apperception of Fused Random-Dot Stereograms. Consciousness and Cognition 1 (1):63-76.score: 80.0
    “Source monitoring” theory is applied to the turn-of-the-century argument that, whenever binocularly fused patterns are self-consciously apperceived, both eyes' monocular sensations are consciously perceived. According to monitoring theory's refinement of the argument, binocularly apperceived patterns are accompanied by selfconsciousness that one is perceiving patterns , whereas monocular sensations are accompanied by no self-consciousness of their source. In the current test of this refined argument, 32 subjects were monocularly presented with 6 letters of the alphabet, while binocularly fusing 6 different letters, (...)
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  22. Joseph Masling, Robert Bornstein, Frederick Poynton, Sheila Reed & Edward Katkin (1991). Perception Without Awareness and Electodermal Responding: A Strong Test of Subliminal Psychodynamic Activation Effects. Journal of Mind and Behavior 12 (1):33-48.score: 80.0
    Eighty-four undergraduate male subjects were tachistoscopically exposed either to an experimental message designed to arouse anxiety , or to a neutral control message , at 4 ms or 200 ms durations. Electrodermal responses were recorded before, during and after exposure to the critical messages. Three measures of awareness of 4 ms stimuli were used; recall, recognition and discrimination. No evidence of stimulus awareness was found on any of these measures. Only subjects exposed to the experimental message at 4 ms durations (...)
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  23. An K. Raes & Rudi De Raedt (2011). Interoceptive Awareness and Unaware Fear Conditioning: Are Subliminal Conditioning Effects Influenced by the Manipulation of Visceral Self-Perception? Consciousness and Cognition 20 (4):1393-1402.score: 80.0
    Research has shown repeatedly that attention influences implicit learning effects. In a similar vein, interoceptive awareness might be involved in unaware fear conditioning: The fact that the CS is repeatedly presented in the context of aversive bodily experiences might facilitate the development of conditioned responding. We investigated the role of interoceptive attention in a subliminal conditioning paradigm. Conditioning was embedded in a spatial cueing task with subliminally presented cues that were followed by a masking stimulus. Response times to the targets (...)
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  24. S. M. Roney-Dougal (1986). Subliminal and Psi Perception: A Review of the Literature. [REVIEW] Journal of the Society for Psychical Research 53:405-34.score: 80.0
  25. Fred Dretske (2006). Perception Without Awareness. In Tamar S. Gendler & John Hawthorne (eds.), Perceptual Experience. Oxford University Press 147--180.score: 67.0
  26. Troy A. W. Visser, Philip M. Merikle & Vincent Di Lollo (2005). Priming in the Attentional Blink: Perception Without Awareness? Visual Cognition 12 (7):1362-1372.score: 67.0
  27. Eyal M. Reingold (2004). Unconscious Perception: Assumptions and Interpretive Difficulties. Consciousness and Cognition 13 (1):117-122.score: 67.0
    Reingold and MerikleÕs (1988, 1990) critique of the classic dissociation paradigm identified several issues as inherent problems that severely undermine the utility of this paradigm. Erdelyi (2004) extending his prior analysis (Erdelyi, 1985, 1986) points out several additional factors that may complicate the interpretation of empirically obtained dissociations. The goal of the present manuscript is to further discuss some of these commonly neglected interpretive difficulties. Ó 2003 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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  28. Gary D. Fisk & Steven J. Haase (2005). Unconscious Perception or Not? An Evaluation of Detection and Discrimination as Indicators of Awareness. American Journal of Psychology 118 (2):183-212.score: 67.0
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  29. Michael Snodgrass (2004). The Dissociation Paradigm and its Discontents: How Can Unconscious Perception or Memory Be Inferred? Consciousness and Cognition 13 (1):107-116.score: 67.0
    Erdelyi does us all a great service by his customarily incisive discussion of the various ways in which our field tends to neglect, confuse, and misunderstand numerous critical issues in attempting to differentiate conscious from unconscious perception and memory. Although no single commentary could hope to comprehensively assess these issues, I will address Erdelyi’s three main points: How the dissociation paradigm can be used to validly infer unconscious perception; The implications of below-chance effects; and The role of time. (...)
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  30. Morten Overgaard, Julian Rote, Kim Mouridsen & Thomas Zoega Ramsoy (2006). Is Conscious Perception Gradual or Dichotomous? A Comparison of Report Methodologies During a Visual Task. Consciousness and Cognition 15 (4):700-708.score: 67.0
    In a recent article, [Sergent, C. & Dehaene, S. . Is consciousness a gradual phenomenon? Evidence for an all-or-none bifurcation during the attentional blink, Psychological Science, 15, 720–729] claim to give experimental support to the thesis that there is a clear transition between conscious and unconscious perception. This idea is opposed to theoretical arguments that we should think of conscious perception as a continuum of clarity, with e.g., fringe conscious states [Mangan, B. . Sensation’s ghost—the non-sensory “fringe” of (...)
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  31. Bert Timmermans, Kristian Sandberg, Axel Cleeremans & Morten Overgaard (2010). Partial Awareness Distinguishes Between Measuring Conscious Perception and Conscious Content: Reply to Dienes and Seth. Consciousness and Cognition 19 (4):1081-1083.score: 67.0
    In their comment on Sandberg, Timmermans, Overgaard, and Cleeremans , Dienes and Seth argue that increased sensitivity of the Perceptual Awareness Scale is a consequence of the scale being less exclusive rather than more exhaustive. According to Dienes and Seth, this is because PAS may measure some conscious content, though not necessarily relevant conscious content, “If one saw a square but was only aware of seeing a flash of something, then one has not consciously seen a square.” In this reply, (...)
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  32. Diederik A. Stapel & Willem Koomen (2006). The Flexible Unconscious: Investigating the Judgmental Impact of Varieties of Unaware Perception. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology 42 (1):112-119.score: 67.0
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  33. Juan J. Ortells, Maria T. Daza, Carmen Noguera, Encarna Carmona, Elaine Fox & Maria J. F. Abad (2002). Perception Without Awareness: The Qualitative Differences Approach. In Serge P. Shohov (ed.), Advances in Psychology Research, Vol. 14. Nova Science Publishers 119-142.score: 67.0
     
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  34. Stanislas Dehaene, Jean-Pierre Changeux, Lionel Naccache, Jérôme Sackur & Claire Sergent (2006). Conscious, Preconscious, and Subliminal Processing: A Testable Taxonomy. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 10 (5):204-211.score: 60.0
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  35. Ap Dijksterhuis, Henk Aarts & Pamela K. Smith (2005). The Power of the Subliminal: On Subliminal Persuasion and Other Potential Applications. In Ran R. Hassin, James S. Uleman & John A. Bargh (eds.), The New Unconscious. Oxford University Press 77-106.score: 60.0
  36. Craig Kunimoto, Jeff G. Miller & Harold Pashler (2001). Confidence and Accuracy of Near-Threshold Discrimination Responses. Consciousness and Cognition 10 (3):294-340.score: 60.0
    This article reports four subliminal perception experiments using the relationship between confidence and accuracy to assess awareness. Subjects discriminated among stimuli and indicated their confidence in each discrimination response. Subjects were classified as being aware of the stimuli if their confidence judgments predicted accuracy and as being unaware if they did not. In the first experiment, confidence predicted accuracy even at stimulus durations so brief that subjects claimed to be performing at chance. This finding indicates that subjects's claims that (...)
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  37. Sid Kouider & Emmanuel Dupoux (2004). Partial Awareness Creates the "Illusion" of Subliminal Semantic Priming. Psychological Science 15 (2):75-81.score: 60.0
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  38. Antoine Del Cul, Stanislas Dehaene & Marion Leboyer (2006). Preserved Subliminal Processing and Impaired Conscious Access in Schizophrenia. Archives of General Psychiatry 63 (12):1313-1323.score: 60.0
  39. Daniel Holender (1986). Semantic Activation Without Conscious Identification in Dichotic Listening, Parafoveal Vision, and Visual Masking: A Survey and Appraisal. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 9 (1):1-23.score: 60.0
    When the stored representation of the meaning of a stimulus is accessed through the processing of a sensory input it is maintained in an activated state for a certain amount of time that allows for further processing. This semantic activation is generally accompanied by conscious identification, which can be demonstrated by the ability of a person to perform discriminations on the basis of the meaning of the stimulus. The idea that a sensory input can give rise to semantic activation without (...)
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  40. Michela Balconi & Claudio Lucchiari (2007). Consciousness and Emotional Facial Expression Recognition: Subliminal/Supraliminal Stimulation Effect on N200 and P300 ERPs. [REVIEW] Journal of Psychophysiology 21 (2):100-108.score: 60.0
  41. Juan P. Núñez & Francisco de Vicente (2004). Unconscious Learning. Conditioning to Subliminal Visual Stimuli. Spanish Journal of Psychology 7 (1):13-28.score: 60.0
     
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  42. J. W. Coyne, H. E. King, J. Zubin & C. Landis (1943). Accuracy of Recognition of Subliminal Auditory Stimuli. Journal of Experimental Psychology 33 (6):508.score: 52.0
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  43. [deleted]Patrizio E. Tressoldi (2012). Replication Unreliability in Psychology: Elusive Phenomena or “Elusive” Statistical Power? Frontiers in Psychology 3.score: 48.0
    The focus of this paper is to analyse whether the unreliability of results related to certain controversial psychological phenomena may be a consequence of their low statistical power. Applying the Null Hypothesis Statistical Testing (NHST), still the widest used statistical approach, unreliability derives from the failure to refute the null hypothesis, in particular when exact or quasi-exact replications of experiments are carried out. Taking as example the results of meta-analyses related to four different controversial phenomena, subliminal semantic priming, incubation effect (...)
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  44. Eamon P. Fulcher & Marianne Hammerl (2001). When All is Considered: Evaluative Learning Does Not Require Contingency Awareness. Consciousness and Cognition 10 (4):567-573.score: 44.0
    We argue that the effects of evaluative learning may occur (a) without conscious perception of the affective stimuli, (b) without awareness of the stimulus contingencies, and (c) without any awareness that learning has occurred at all. Whether the three experiments reported in our target article provide conclusive evidence for either or any of these assertions is discussed in the commentaries of De Houwer and Field. We respond with the argument that when considered alongside other studies carried out over the (...)
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  45. Michela Balconi & Claudio Lucchiari (2005). Consciousness, Emotion and Face: An Event-Related Potentials (ERP) Study. In Ralph D. Ellis & Natika Newton (eds.), Consciousness & Emotion: Agency, Conscious Choice, and Selective Perception. John Benjamins 121.score: 44.0
  46. [deleted]Markus Kiefer (2012). Executive Control Over Unconscious Cognition: Attentional Sensitization of Unconscious Information Processing. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 6.score: 44.0
    Unconscious priming is a prototypical example of an automatic process, which is initiated without deliberate intention. Classical theories of automaticity assume that such unconscious automatic processes occur in a purely bottom-up driven fashion independent of attentional control mechanisms. In contrast to these classical theories, our attentional sensitization model of unconscious information processing proposes that unconscious processing is susceptible to attentional top-down control and is only elicited if the cognitive system is configured accordingly. It is assumed that unconscious processing depends on (...)
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  47. U. Dimberg, M. Thunberg & K. Elmehed (2000). Unconscious Facial Reactions to Emotional Facial Expressions. Psychological Science 11 (1):86-89.score: 40.0
  48. Moshe Bar (2000). Conscious and Nonconscious Processing of Visual Object Identity. In Yves Rossetti & Antti Revonsuo (eds.), Beyond Dissociation: Interaction Between Dissociated Implicit and Explicit Processing. John Benjaminsscore: 40.0
  49. Martin Eimer & Friederike Schlaghecken (2002). Links Between Conscious Awareness and Response Inhibition: Evidence From Masked Priming. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review 9 (3):514-520.score: 40.0
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  50. Morten Overgaard, Bert Timmermans, Kristian Sandberg & Axel Cleeremans (2010). Optimizing Subjective Measures of Consciousness. Consciousness and Cognition 19 (2):682-684.score: 40.0
    Dienes and Seth (2010) conclude that confidence ratings and post-decision wagering are two comparable and recommendable measures of conscious experience. In a recently submitted paper, we have however found that both methods are problematic and seem less suited to measure consciousness than a direct introspective measure. Here, we discuss the methodology and conclusions put forward by Dienes and Seth, and why we think the two experiments end up with so different recommendations.
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