Search results for '18th century' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Tal Gilead (2011). The Role of Education Redefined: 18th Century British and French Educational Thought and the Rise of the Baconian Conception of the Study of Nature. Educational Philosophy and Theory 43 (10):1020-1034.score: 90.0
    The idea that science teaching in schools should prepare the ground for society's future technical and scientific progress has played an important role in shaping modern education. This idea, however, was not always present. In this article, I examine how this idea first emerged in educational thought. Early in the 17th century, Francis Bacon asserted that the study of nature should serve to improve living conditions for all members of society. Although influential, Bacon's idea was not easily assimilated by (...)
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  2. Alexander Broadie, Scottish Philosophy in the 18th Century. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.score: 78.0
    Philosophy was at the core of the eighteenth century movement known as the Scottish Enlightenment. The movement included major figures, such as Francis Hutcheson, David Hume, Adam Smith, Thomas Reid and Adam Ferguson, and also many others who produced notable works, such as Gershom Carmichael, George Turnbull, George Campbell, James Beattie, Alexander Gerard, Henry Home (Lord Kames) and Dugald Stewart. I discuss some of the leading ideas of these thinkers, though paying less attention than I otherwise would to Hume, (...)
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  3. Marcia Bianchi Villelli, Silvana Buscaglia & Bruno Sancci (2013). Una Genealogía de Los Planos Históricos Del Fuerte San JoséA Genealogy of Historical Maps of Fuerte San José. (Península Valdés, Chubut, 18th Century). Corpus.score: 75.0
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  4. W. Bernardi (2000). [The controversy over animal electricity in 18th-century Italy: Galvani, Volta, and others]. Revue d'Histoire des Sciences 54 (1):53-70.score: 75.0
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  5. Alexander Rueger (2002). Aesthetic Appreciation of Experiments: The Case of 18th-Century Mimetic Experiments. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 16 (1):49 – 59.score: 60.0
    This article analyzes a type of experiment, very popular in 18th-century natural philosophy, which has apparently not led to insights into nature but which was aesthetically especially attractive. These experiments--"mimetic experiments"--allow us to trace a connection between aesthetic appreciation in science and in art contemporaneous with the science. I use this case as a problem for McAllister's theory of aesthetic induction according to which aesthetic standards in science tend to be associated with empirical success and propose an alternative (...)
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  6. Jürgen Oelkers (1999). The Origin of the Concept of €œAllgemeinbildung” in 18th Century Germany. Studies in Philosophy and Education 18 (1):25-41.score: 60.0
    The German theory of education refers mainly to what is called Bildung. The historical sense of Bildung is not cultivaion , but cultivation for inwardness. This concept has two sources, the neo-platonic inner soul on one hand, pietistic piety on the other hand. The article shows that these sources had been part of European discussions before the development of national cultures after 1750. So the German concept of Bildung, famous for the German Sonderweg in culture and politics, had been composed (...)
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  7. Michael J. Demoor (2006). The Philosophy of Art in Reid's Inquiry and Its Place in 18th-Century Scottish Aesthetics. Journal of Scottish Philosophy 4 (1):37-49.score: 60.0
    Abstract It is argued that the scattered remarks on the fine arts made in Reid's Inquiry into the Human Mind (1764) present a conception of the relation between perception and the fine arts that is at once compatible with and different from Reid's mature theory of art in Of Taste (1785). This alternative account of art-relevant perception also points beyond the limits of a philosophy of art developed according to the traditional theory of taste dominant in 18th-century Scottish (...)
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  8. Ann Firth (2002). Moral Supervision and Autonomous Social Order: Wages and Consumption in 18th-Century Economic Thought. History of the Human Sciences 15 (1):39-57.score: 60.0
    Political oeconomy in the 18th century operated in the absence of the conception of an autonomous social order articulated in the later concepts of `the economy' and `society'. Without a self-sustaining mechanism oriented to stability and endogenous economic growth, national prosperity and social order were assumed to depend upon the detailed interventions in economic life that are characteristic of mercantilism and the police of the poor. Smith's theory that autonomous economic growth underpinned a stable order of social interdependencies (...)
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  9. Volker Hess (1998). Medical Semiotics in the 18th Century: A Theory of Practice? [REVIEW] Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 19 (3):203-213.score: 60.0
    Medical semiotics in the 18th century was more than a premodern form of diagnosis. Its structure allowed for the combination of empirically proven rules of instruction with the theoretical knowledge of the new sciences, employing the relation between the sign and the signified.
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  10. Tom Verschaffel (2005). The Modernization of Historiography in 18th-Century Belgium. History of European Ideas 31 (2):135-146.score: 60.0
    During the second half of the 18th-century Belgian historiography developed from the discipline of ?writing? history and collecting historical information towards the discipline of ?studying? history. The ?old? historian wrote a ?history? in which (by definition) as many data as possible concerning (the past of) a subject (a province, a city, a diocese, an institution) were gathered. The ?new? historian on the other hand wrote a ?dissertation?, the topic of which was not so much the past of a (...)
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  11. Peter J. Koehler, Stanley Finger & Marco Piccolino (2009). The "Eels" of South America: Mid-18th-Century Dutch Contributions to the Theory of Animal Electricity. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Biology 42 (4):715 - 763.score: 60.0
    During the mid-18th century, when electricity was coming into its own, natural philosophers began to entertain the possibility that electricity is the mysterious nerve force. Their attention was first drawn to several species of strongly electric fish, namely torpedoes, a type of African catfish, and a South American "eels." This was because their effects felt like those of discharging Leyden jars and could be transmitted along known conductors of electricity. Moreover, their actions could not be adequately explained by (...)
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  12. J. Rogister (2008). Transmitting Knowledge in the 18th Century: The Case of Président de Brosses and Abate Antonio Niccolini. Diogenes 55 (2):77 - 82.score: 60.0
    The 18th century in Europe is the ideal period to study the interaction of traditional beliefs and new ideas stemming from scientific observation and philosophical rationalization. The purpose of this paper is to examine the role played by Charles de Brosses and Antonio Niccolini in the process of transmission of knowledge coming through influential members of a European aristocracy that remained attached to traditional values. In fact, the rediscovery of the Classical heritage and its dissemination in print, albeit (...)
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  13. Stewart Justman (2011). To Feel What Others Feel: Two Episodes From 18th Century Medicine. Medical Humanities 37 (1):34-37.score: 60.0
    In the late 18th century two medical fashions—Mesmerism in France and the Perkins ‘tractor’ in the USA and England—appealed to the principle that a single universal force acts on all of us and is responsible for health and illness. This principle served both fashions well, as it made it all the easier for those who came within their force fields to experience the sort of sensations that other subscribers to the fashion also seemed to feel. The first research (...)
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  14. Christian Maurer (2009). Self-Love in Early 18th Century British Moral Philosophy: Shaftesbury, Mandeville, Hutcheson, Butler and Campbell. Dissertation, Neuchâtelscore: 60.0
    The study focuses on the debates on self-love in early 18th-century British moral philosophy. It examines the intricate relations of these debates with questions concerning human nature and morality in five central authors: Anthony Ashley Cooper the 3rd Earl of Shaftesbury, Bernard Mandeville, Francis Hutcheson, Joseph Butler and Archibald Campbell. One of the central claims of this study is that a distinction between five different concepts of self-love is necessary to achieve a clear understanding of the debates on (...)
     
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  15. David Bindman (2002). Ape to Apollo: Aesthetics and the Idea of Race in the 18th Century. Cornell University Press.score: 48.0
    Ape to Apollo is the first book to follow the development in the eighteenth century of the idea of race as it shaped and was shaped by the idea of aesthetics.
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  16. S. Fauché (1998). [Physical exercises and the curing of the mind during the 18th and 19th centuries]. Revue d'Histoire des Sciences 52 (2):285-305.score: 48.0
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  17. John T. Ogden (2011). From Spatial to Aesthetic Distance in the 18th Century. Journal of the History of Ideas 35 (1):63-78.score: 48.0
    Eighteenth-Century english scientists, Poets, And philosophers extended the meaning of 'distance' beyond a concept of space and time to include psychological and aesthetic meanings. Berkeley (1709), Priestley (1772), And thomas wedgwood (1818) showed that it was not a self-Evident idea but a complex intellectual construction. The poets denham (1655), Pope (1711), Dyer (1726), Collins (1747), Gray (1747), Campbell (1799) and wordsworth (1805-1827) used distance to represent a mental perspective, An aesthetic attitude, Nostalgia, Hope, Fancy, And imagination. Hume (1739), Hartley (...)
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  18. Moshe Idel (1992). Perceptions of Kabbalah in the Second Half of the 18th Century. Journal of Jewish Thought and Philosophy 1 (1):55-114.score: 45.0
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  19. Paul Guyer, 18th Century German Aesthetics. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.score: 45.0
  20. Brigitte Sassen, 18th Century German Philosophy Prior to Kant. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.score: 45.0
  21. Roger T. Ames, Peter D. Hershock, Andrew Bailey, Samantha Brennan, Will Kymlicka, Jacob Levy, Alex Sager & Clark Wolf (2008). Bonner, Anthony. The Art and Logic of Ramon Llull: A User's Guide. Studien Und Texte Zur Geistesge-Schichte des Mittelalters, 95. Leiden-Boston: Brill, 2007. Pp. Xx+ 333. Cloth, $150.00. Boros, Gábor, Herman De Dijn, and Martin Moors, Editors. The Concept of Love in 17th and 18th Century Philosophy. Leuven: Leuven University Press, 2007. Pp. 269. Paper,€ 35.50. Boulnois, Olivier. Au-Delà de l'Image, Une Archéologie du Visual au Moyen Âge, Ve-XVIe Siècle. Paris: Des. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Philosophy 46 (4):653-56.score: 45.0
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  22. Aaron Garrett (2005). :The Library of Scottish Philosophy;Adam Smith: Selected Philosophical Writings;James Beattie: Selected Philosophical Writings;The Scottish Idealists: Selected Philosophical Writings;Art and Enlightenment: Scottish Aesthetics in the 18th Century;Scottish Philosophy: Selected Writings 1690–1960;John Macmurray: Selected Philosophical Writings. [REVIEW] Journal of Scottish Philosophy 3 (2):181-186.score: 45.0
  23. Holly L. Wilson (2001). Kant’s Experiential Enlightenment and Court Philosophy in the 18th Century. History of Philosophy Quarterly 18 (April 2001):179-205.score: 45.0
    Christian Thomasius and his school, including Andreas Rüdiger and Christian Crusius influenced Kant in the development of his Pragmatic Anthropology. They all shared a common concern that philosophy ought to be useful to students who have a role to play in the world.
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  24. Joseph Agassi, Fundamenta Scientiae, 9, 1988, 189-202 (Slightly Revised) Neo-Classical Economics as 18th Century Theory Of.score: 45.0
    1. The Real Claim of the Chicago School If anything dramatic has happened in economic theory over the last one hundred years – namely, since the advent of marginalism – then, everyone agrees, it was not the rise of the Chicago neo -classical school which, after all, only synthesized the various versions of marginalism, but the Keynesian Revolution. Assessments of this revolution were repeatedly invited, particularly by opponent, chiefly from Chicago. F. A. von Hayek has explicitly and bitterly blames Keynes (...)
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  25. James Shelley, 18th Century British Aesthetics. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.score: 45.0
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  26. S. C. Stimson (2008). Political and Economic Theory in the 18th Century Istvan Hont, The Jealousy of Trade: International Competition and the Nation State. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2005. [REVIEW] History of the Human Sciences 21 (1):161-165.score: 45.0
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  27. L. Hunt (2004). The 18th-Century Body and the Origins of Human Rights. Diogenes 51 (3):41-56.score: 45.0
    Recent historical work on changing perceptions of the human body has been influenced by Michel Foucault’s contention that the self of western individualism was created by new regimes of disciplining the body. A different approach is taken here, one that focuses on how individual bodies came to be viewed as separate and inviolable, that is, as autonomous. The separateness and inviolability of bodies can be traced in the histories of bodily practices as different as portraiture and legal torture. After 1750, (...)
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  28. Herbert M. Schueller (1953). Correspondences Between Music and the Sister Arts, According to 18th Century Aesthetic Theory. Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 11 (4):334-359.score: 45.0
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  29. Sherry Ann Beaudreau & Stanley Finger (2006). Medical Electricity and Madness in the 18th Century: The Legacies of Benjamin Franklin and Jan Ingenhousz. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 49 (3):330-345.score: 45.0
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  30. Aaron Garrett (2005). Review of : The Library of Scottish Philosophy_; Review of James Otteson: _Adam Smith: Selected Philosophical Writings_; Review of James Harris: _James Beattie: Selected Philosophical Writings_; Review of David Boucher: _The Scottish Idealists: Selected Philosophical Writings_; Review of Jonathan Friday: _Art and Enlightenment: Scottish Aesthetics in the 18th Century_; Review of Gordon Graham: _Scottish Philosophy: Selected Writings 1690–1960_; Review of Esther McIntosh: _John Macmurray: Selected Philosophical Writings. [REVIEW] Journal of Scottish Philosophy 3 (2):181-186.score: 45.0
  31. Hanns Hubert Hofmann (1970). Franz Georg von Metternich, the Chancellor's Father. A Study of Austria's Western Politics at the End of the 18th Century. Philosophy and History 3 (2):212-212.score: 45.0
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  32. Jacques Morizot, 18th Century French Aesthetics. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.score: 45.0
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  33. Alexandre Guay (forthcoming). The Uses of Analogies in 17th and 18th Century Science. Perspectives on Science.score: 45.0
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  34. Eric Matthews (1986). Review: Mind and Matter in the 18th Century. [REVIEW] Philosophical Quarterly 36 (144):420 - 429.score: 45.0
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  35. Franz Gabriel Nauen (1992). Kant as an Inadvertant Precursor of 18th Century Neospinozism. On Optimism (1759). Kant-Studien 83 (3):268-279.score: 45.0
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  36. Monika Glettler (1989). Enlightenment and History. Studies on German Historiography in the 18th Century. Philosophy and History 22 (1):74-75.score: 45.0
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  37. Peter Loptson (1990). Lockean Ideas and 18th Century British Philosophy. Theoria 56 (1-2):85-106.score: 45.0
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  38. Amy Morgan Schmitter (2010). 17th and 18th Century Theories of Emotions. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.score: 45.0
    1. Introduction: 1.1 Difficulties of Approach; 1.2 Philosophical Background. 2. The Context of Early Modern Theories of the Passions: 2.1 Changing Vocabulary; 2.2 Taxonomies; 2.3 Philosophical Issues in Theories of the Emotions. SUPPLEMENTARY DOCUMENTS: Ancient, Medieval and Renaissance Theories of the Emotions; Descartes; Hobbes; Malebranche; Spinoza; Shaftsbury; Hutcheson; Hume.
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  39. Jerzy Topolski (2011). The Economic Model of the Wielkopolska Region In the 18th Century. Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 97 (1):269-285.score: 45.0
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  40. P. H. Clarke (2000). Adam Smith, Stoicism and Religion in the 18th Century. History of the Human Sciences 13 (4):49-72.score: 45.0
    This article explores the influence of Stoicism and religion on Adam Smith. While other commentators have argued either that the main influence on Smith was Stoicism or that it was religion, the two influences have not been explicitly linked. In this article I attempt to make such a link, arguing that Smith can be seen as belonging to the strand of Christian Stoicism chiefly associated with his teacher, Francis Hutcheson. Finally, some comments are made about the implications of this interpretation (...)
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  41. Heinz Duchhardt (1979). Enlightenment and Catholic Empire. Studies on the University Reform and Politics of Catholic Territories of the Holy Roman Empire in the 18th Century. Philosophy and History 12 (1):86-87.score: 45.0
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  42. F. Duchesneau (1985). Embryology in the 18th Century: S. Roe's Interpretation]. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 7 (2).score: 45.0
  43. Heinz Duchhardt (1974). Law and History. A Contribution to the History of Historical Thought at German Universities in the Late 17th and the 18th Century. [REVIEW] Philosophy and History 7 (1):75-76.score: 45.0
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  44. Kate Fleet (2008). Byzantine and Modern Greek (F.) Zarinebaf, (J.) Bennet and (J.L.) Davis A Historical and Economic Geography of Ottoman Greece: The Southwestern Morea in the 18th Century. (Hesperia Suppl. 34). Athens: American School of Classical Studies at Athens, 2005. Pp. Xxi + 328, Illus., CD-ROM. £35. 9780876615348. [REVIEW] Journal of Hellenic Studies 128:289-.score: 45.0
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  45. Kostas Gavroglu & Manolis Patiniotis (2003). Patterns of Appropriation in the Greek Intellectual Life of the 18th Century. In. In A. Ashtekar (ed.), Revisiting the Foundations of Relativistic Physics. 569--591.score: 45.0
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  46. Dragana Jeremic-Molnar & Aleksandar Molnar (2009). Debate on Sublime in the End of 18th Century: Burke, Kant, Schiller. Filozofija I Drustvo 20 (1):143-158.score: 45.0
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  47. Karl Heinrich Kaufhold (1987). Dessau-Wörlitz. Ornament and Paragon of the 18th Century. Philosophy and History 20 (2):189-189.score: 45.0
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  48. Andreas Önnerfors (2010). Translating Discourses of Enlightenment–Trans-Cultural Language Skills and Cross-References Between Swedish and German Educated Journals in the 18th Century. In Stefanie Stockhorst (ed.), Cultural Transfer Through Translation: The Circulation of Enlightened Thought in Europe by Means of Translation. Rodopi. 209--229.score: 45.0
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  49. S. Serrapica (2005). " A Treasure of New and Important Discoveries". Translations and Editions of Napolitan Medical-Naturalistic Texts in the Late 18th Century. Giornale Critico Della Filosofia Italiana 1 (3):495-506.score: 45.0
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