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Akira Akabayashi [33]A. Akabayashi [6]
  1. Akira Akabayashi (ed.) (2014). The Future of Bioethics: International Dialogues. Oup Oxford.
    This is the first book to bring West and East together in a broad investigation of contemporary bioethics. A distinguished international team of experts presents original research addressing issues that emerge from new medical technologies, address global challenges arising from social change, and set the agenda for the future.
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  2. A. Akabayashi, Y. Takimoto & Y. Hayashi (2012). Physician Obligation to Provide Care During Disasters: Should Physicians Have Been Required to Go to Fukushima? Journal of Medical Ethics 38 (11):697-698.
    On 11 March 2011, Japan experienced a major disaster brought about by a 9.0-magnitude earthquake and a massive tsunami that followed. This disaster caused extensive damage to the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant with the release of a large amount of radiation, leading to a crisis level 7 on the International Atomic Energy Agency scale. In this report, we discuss the obligations of physicians to provide care during the initial weeks after the disaster. We appeal to the obligation of general (...)
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  3. Akira Akabayashi (2012). Must I Stay? Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 21 (03):392-395.
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  4. Shizuko Takahashi, Misao Fujita, Akihisa Fujimoto, Toshihiro Fujiwara, Tetsu Yano, Osamu Tsutsumi, Yuji Taketani & Akira Akabayashi (2012). The Decision-Making Process for the Fate of Frozen Embryos by Japanese Infertile Women: A Qualitative Study. [REVIEW] BMC Medical Ethics 13 (1):9-.
    Background: Previous studies have found that the decision-making process for stored unused frozen embryos involves much emotional burden influenced by socio-cultural factors. This study aims to ascertain how Japanese patients make a decision on the fate of their frozen embryos: whether to continue storage discard or donate to research. Methods: Ten Japanese women who continued storage, 5 who discarded and 16 who donated to research were recruited from our infertility clinic. Tape-recorded interviews were transcribed and analyzed for emergent themes. Results: (...)
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  5. Yoshiyuki Takimoto & Akira Akabayashi (2011). Clinical Ethics Consultation in Japan: The University of Tokyo Model. Asian Bioethics Review 3 (3):283-292.
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  6. Peter Doshi & Akira Akabayashi (2010). Japanese Childhood Vaccination Policy. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 19 (03):283-289.
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  7. Misao Fujita, Brian Taylor Slingsby & Akira Akabayashi (2010). Transplant Tourism From Japan. American Journal of Bioethics 10 (2):24-26.
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  8. Akira Akabayashi (2009). Bioethics in Japan, 1980-2009: Importation, Development, and the Future. Asian Bioethics Review 1 (3):267-278.
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  9. Akira Akabayashi (2009). Eyes Wide Open: Blinded Views on Ethnic Identity. Asian Bioethics Review 1 (1):65-66.
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  10. Akira Akabayashi, Satoshi Kodama & Brian Taylor Slingsby (2008). Is Asian Bioethics Really the Solution? Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 17 (03):270-272.
    Today Asia is attracting attention in the area of bioethics. In fact, the potential of bioethics is beginning to be discussed seriously at academic centers across Asia. In Japan, this discussion began a decade ago with the publication The book is one of the principal explorations of biomedical ethics involving Japan to date. Tom Beauchamp, an author of one of the book's chapters, compares Japanese and American standards of informed consent and refutes relativistic positions, concluding that.
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  11. Akira Akabayashi, Brian Taylor Slingsby, Noriko Nagao, Ichiro Kai & Hajime Sato (2008). A Five Year Follow-Up National Study of Ethics Committees in Medical Organizations in Japan. HEC Forum 20 (1):49-60.
    Compared to institutional and area-based ethics committees, little is known about the structure and activities performed by ethics committees at national medical organizations and societies. This five year follow-up study aimed to determine (1) the creation and function of ethics committees at medical organizations in Japan, and (2) their general strategies to deal with ethical problems. The study sample included the member societies of the Japanese Association of Medical Sciences (n=92 in 1998, n=96 in 2003). Instruments consisted of two sections: (...)
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  12. Hisatake Katō & Akira Akabayashi (eds.) (2008). Ōyō Rinrigaku Jiten. Maruzen.
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  13. Noriko Nagao, Mark P. Aulisio, Yoshio Nukaga, Misao Fujita, Shinji Kosugi, Stuart Youngner & Akira Akabayashi (2008). Clinical Ethics Consultation: Examining How American and Japanese Experts Analyze an Alzheimeras Case. BMC Medical Ethics 9 (1):2-.
    BackgroundFew comparative studies of clinical ethics consultation practices have been reported. The objective of this study was to explore how American and Japanese experts analyze an Alzheimer's case regarding ethics consultation.MethodsWe presented the case to physicians and ethicists from the US and Japan (one expert from each field from both countries; total = 4) and obtained their responses through a questionnaire and in-depth interviews.ResultsEstablishing a consensus was a common goal among American and Japanese participants. In attempting to achieve consensus, the (...)
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  14. Akira Akabayashi, Brian T. Slingsby, Noriko Nagao, Ichiro Kai & Hajime Sato (2007). An Eight-Year Follow-Up National Study of Medical School and General Hospital Ethics Committees in Japan. BMC Medical Ethics 8 (1):1-8.
    Background Ethics committees and their system of research protocol peer-review are currently used worldwide. To ensure an international standard for research ethics and safety, however, data is needed on the quality and function of each nation's ethics committees. The purpose of this study was to describe the characteristics and developments of ethics committees established at medical schools and general hospitals in Japan. Methods This study consisted of four national surveys sent twice over a period of eight years to two separate (...)
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  15. Akira Akabayashi & Brian Taylor Slingsby (2006). Informed Consent Revisited: Japan and the U.S. American Journal of Bioethics 6 (1):9 – 14.
    Informed consent, decision-making styles and the role of patient-physician relationships are imperative aspects of clinical medicine worldwide. We present the case of a 74-year-old woman afflicted with advanced liver cancer whose attending physician, per request of the family, did not inform her of her true diagnosis. In our analysis, we explore the differences in informed-consent styles between patients who hold an "independent" and "interdependent" construal of the self and then highlight the possible implications maintained by this position in the context (...)
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  16. Akira Akabayashi & Brian Taylor Slingsby (2006). Response to Open Peer Commentaries on “Informed Consent Revisited: Japan and the US”. American Journal of Bioethics 6 (1):W27-W28.
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  17. Hajime Sato, Akira Akabayashi & Ichiro Kai (2006). Public, Experts, and Acceptance of Advanced Medical Technologies: The Case of Organ Transplant and Gene Therapy in Japan. [REVIEW] Health Care Analysis 14 (4):203-214.
    In 1997, after long social debates, the Japanese government enacted a law on organ transplantation from brain-dead bodies. Since 1993, on gene therapy, administrative agencies have issued a series of guidelines. This study seeks to elucidate when people became aware of the issues and when they formed their opinions on organ transplant and gene therapy. At the same time, it aims to examine at which point in time experts, those in university ethical committees and in academic societies, consider these technologies (...)
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  18. Brian Taylor Slingsby, Satoshi Kodama & Akira Akabayashi (2006). Scientific Misconduct in Japan: The Present Paucity of Oversight Policy. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 15 (03):294-297.
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  19. Akira Akabayashi, Brian Taylor Slingsby & Yoshiyuki Takimoto (2005). Conflict of Interest: A Japanese Perspective. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 14 (3):277-280.
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  20. R. Landau, T. O. Ogundiran, A. Akabayashi, B. T. Slingsby, Y. Takimoto, A. M. Jafarey, A. Farooqui & I. Matsuda (2005). CQ Sources/Bibliography. Ethics 14 (3):256-67.
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  21. Hajime Sato, Akira Akabayashi & Ichiro Kai (2005). Public Appraisal of Government Efforts and Participation Intent in Medico-Ethical Policymaking in Japan: A Large Scale National Survey Concerning Brain Death and Organ Transplant. [REVIEW] BMC Medical Ethics 6 (1):1-12.
    Public satisfaction with policy process influences the legitimacy and acceptance of policies, and conditions the future political process, especially when contending ethical value judgments are involved. On the other hand, public involvement is required if effective policy is to be developed and accepted.
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  22. Akira Akabayashi, Brian T. Slingsby, Ichiro Kai, Tadashi Nishimura & Akiko Yamagishi (2004). The Development of a Brief and Objective Method for Evaluating Moral Sensitivity and Reasoning in Medical Students. BMC Medical Ethics 5 (1):1-7.
    BackgroundMost medical schools in Japan have incorporated mandatory courses on medical ethics. To this date, however, there is no established means of evaluating medical ethics education in Japan. This study looks 1) To develop a brief, objective method of evaluation for moral sensitivity and reasoning; 2) To conduct a test battery for the PIT and the DIT on medical students who are either currently in school or who have recently graduated (residents); 3) To investigate changes in moral sensitivity and reasoning (...)
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  23. Brian T. Slingsby, Noriko Nagao & Akira Akabayashi (2004). Administrative Legislation in Japan: Guidelines on Scientific and Ethical Standards. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 13 (03):245-253.
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  24. Akira Akabayashi & Brian T. Slingsby (2003). Biomedical Ethics in Japan: The Second Stage. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 12 (03):261-264.
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  25. Akira Akabayashi, Brian T. Slingsby & Ichiro Kai (2003). Perspectives on Advance Directives in Japanese Society: A Population-Based Questionnaire Survey. BMC Medical Ethics 4 (1):5.
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  26. Akira Akabayashi, Brian Taylor Slingsby & Ichiro Kai (2003). Perspectives on Advance Directives in Japanese Society: A Population-Based Questionnaire Survey. [REVIEW] BMC Medical Ethics 4 (1):1-9.
    Background In Japan, discussion concerning advance directives (ADs) has been on the rise during the past decade. ADs are one method proposed to facilitate the process of communication among patients, families and health care providers regarding the plan of care of a patient who is no longer capable of communicating. In this paper, we report the results of the first in-depth survey on the general population concerning the preferences and use of ADs in Japan. Method A self-administered questionnaire was sent (...)
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  27. Anonymous M. D./PhD Student, Charles Weijer & Akira Akabayashi (2003). Unethical Author Attribution. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 12 (01):124-130.
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  28. Charles Weijer & Akira Akabayashi (2003). Unethical Author Attribution. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 12 (1):124-130.
    I am an M.D/Ph.D. student and work as a research assistant for the director of a division of the school of medicine who is an M.D. He assigned me to research a certain topic and gave me no guidelines or guidance as to how to do it. Nevertheless, I did the research and wrote it up. My supervisor liked the report and said that he thought it was so good that “I would like to offer you the opportunity to publish (...)
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  29. A. Akabayashi (2000). Paying for Informed Consent. Journal of Medical Ethics 26 (3):212-213.
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  30. A. Akabayashi, M. D. Fetters & T. S. Elwyn (1999). Family Consent, Communication, and Advance Directives for Cancer Disclosure: A Japanese Case and Discussion. Journal of Medical Ethics 25 (4):296-301.
    The dilemma of whether and how to disclose a diagnosis of cancer or of any other terminal illness continues to be a subject of worldwide interest. We present the case of a 62-year-old Japanese woman afflicted with advanced gall bladder cancer who had previously expressed a preference not to be told a diagnosis of cancer. The treating physician revealed the diagnosis to the family first, and then told the patient: "You don't have any cancer yet, but if we don't treat (...)
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  31. M. Miyasaka, A. Akabayashi, I. Kai & G. Ohi (1999). An International Survey of Medical Ethics Curricula in Asia. Journal of Medical Ethics 25 (6):514-521.
    SETTING: Medical ethics education has become common, and the integrated ethics curriculum has been recommended in Western countries. It should be questioned whether there is one, universal method of teaching ethics applicable worldwide to medical schools, especially those in non-Western developing countries. OBJECTIVE: To characterise the medical ethics curricula at Asian medical schools. DESIGN: Mailed survey of 206 medical schools in China, Hong Kong, Taiwan, Korea, Mongolia, Philippines, Thailand, Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia, Sri Lanka, Australia and New Zealand. PARTICIPANTS: A total (...)
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  32. R. Voltz, A. Akabayashi, C. Reese, G. Ohi & H. M. Sass (1999). Attitudes of Healthcare Professionals Toward Clinical Decisions in Palliative Care: A Cross-Cultural Comparison. Journal of Clinical Ethics 10 (4):309.
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  33. Akira Akabayashi (1998). Commentary. Female Circumcision—a Health Issue or a Human Rights Issue? Health Care Analysis 6 (1):55-58.
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  34. Akira Akabayashi (1998). Female Circumcision—A Health Issue or a Human Rights Issue? Health Care Analysis 6 (1):55-58.
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  35. Akira Akabayashi (1998). Transplantation From a Brain Dead Donor in Japan. Hastings Center Report 29 (3):48-48.
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  36. Gen Ohi, Akira Akabayashi & Michio Miyasaka (1998). Japan's Egalitarian Health Care System: A Brief Historical Analysis. [REVIEW] Health Care Analysis 6 (2):141-149.
    Japan is one of several East Asian countries that share an ethical system of mutual support. A review of Japan’s health care system reveals a strong egalitarian ethos often considered unique by outside observers.
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  37. Akira Akabayashi (1996). Finally Done--Japan's Decision on Organ Transplantation. Hastings Center Report 27 (5):47-47.
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  38. Akira Akabayashi (1995). Financing Health Care —A Japanese Perspective. Health Care Analysis 3 (2):123-125.
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  39. Akira Akabayashi (1995). To Those Diet Members Responsible for Legislating on Japanese Organ Transplantation. Health Care Analysis 3 (4):358-360.
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