Search results for 'A. F. Cohen' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. L. Jonathan Cohen (1956). American Thought: A Critical Sketch. By M. R. Cohen (Edited by F. S. Cohen). (The Free Press, Glencoe, Illinois. 1954.Pp. 360. Price $5.00.). [REVIEW] Philosophy 31 (117):166-.score: 4140.0
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  2. A. E. Westra, R. N. Sukhai, J. M. Wit, I. D. de Beaufort & A. F. Cohen (2010). Acceptable Risks and Burdens for Children in Research Without Direct Benefit: A Systematic Analysis of the Decisions Made by the Dutch Central Committee. Journal of Medical Ethics 36 (7):420-424.score: 1410.0
    Objectives To evaluate whether the requirement of “minimal risk and burden” for paediatric research without direct benefit to the subjects compromises the ability to obtain data necessary for improving paediatric care. To provide evidence-based reflections on the EU recommendation that allows for a higher level of risk. Design and setting Systematic analysis of the approval/rejection decisions made by the Dutch Central Committee on Research involving Human Subjects (CCMO). Review methods The analysis included 165 proposals for paediatric research without direct benefit (...)
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  3. D. F. Aberle, A. K. Cohen, A. K. Davis, M. J. Levy Jr & F. X. Sutton (1950). The Functional Prerequisites of a Society. Ethics 60 (2):100 - 111.score: 1320.0
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  4. Todd S. Braver, Deanna M. Barch, Beth A. Keys, Cameron S. Carter, Jonathan D. Cohen, Jeffrey A. Kaye, Jeri S. Janowsky, Stephan F. Taylor, Jerome A. Yesavage & Martin S. Mumenthaler (2001). Context Processing in Older Adults: Evidence for a Theory Relating Cognitive Control to Neurobiology in Healthy Aging. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 130 (4):746.score: 1260.0
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  5. Nico U. F. Dosenbach, Damien A. Fair, Alexander L. Cohen, Bradley L. Schlaggar & Steven E. Petersen (2008). A Dual-Networks Architecture of Top-Down Control. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 12 (3):99-105.score: 1260.0
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  6. A. Mathew Thomas, Gene Cohen, Robert M. Cook-Deegan, Joan O'sullivan, Stephen G. Post, Allen D. Roses, Kenneth F. Schaffner & Ronald M. Green (1998). Alzheimer Testing at Silver Years. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 7 (3):294-307.score: 960.0
    Early last year, the GenEthics Consortium (GEC) of the Washington Metropolitan Area convened at George Washington University to consider a complex case about genetic testing for Alzheimer disease (AD). The GEC consists of scientists, bioethicists, lawyers, genetic counselors, and consumers from a variety of institutions and affiliations. Four of the 8 co-authors of this paper delivered presentations on the case. Supplemented by additional ethical and legal observations, these presentations form the basis for the following discussion.
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  7. H. F. Cohen (1985). Music as a Test-Case. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 16 (4):351-378.score: 900.0
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  8. [deleted]Jessica R. Cohen, Robert F. Asarnow, Fred W. Sabb, Robert M. Bilder, Susan Y. Bookheimer, Barbara J. Knowlton & Russell A. Poldrack (2010). Decoding Developmental Differences and Individual Variability in Response Inhibition Through Predictive Analyses Across Individuals. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 4.score: 900.0
    Response inhibition is thought to improve throughout childhood and into adulthood. Despite the relationship between age and the ability to stop ongoing behavior, questions remain regarding whether these age-related changes reflect improvements in response inhibition or in other factors that contribute to response performance variability. Functional neuroimaging data shows age-related changes in neural activity during response inhibition. While traditional methods of exploring neuroimaging data are limited to determining correlational relationships, newer methods can determine predictability and can begin to answer these (...)
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  9. B. A. O. Williams, L. Jonathan Cohen, O. P. Wood, J. J. C. Smart, William H. Halberstadt, J. F. Thomson, D. J. O'Connor, G. B. Keene, R. J. Spilsbury, Peter Laslett, W. J. Rees, H. Hudson, J. O. Urmson & Dorothy Emmet (1958). New Books. [REVIEW] Mind 67 (267):409-432.score: 870.0
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  10. G. Bravo, S. Y. Kim, M. F. Dubois, C. A. Cohen, S. M. Wildeman & J. E. Graham (2012). Surrogate Consent for Dementia Research: Factors Influencing Five Stakeholder Groups From the SCORES Study. Irb 35 (4):1-11.score: 870.0
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  11. Martin A. Conway, A. F. Collins, Stephen J. Anderson & G. Cohen (1998). Changes in Memory Awareness During Learning: The Acquisition of Knowledge by Psychology Undergraduates. Journal of Experimental Psychology.score: 870.0
  12. John D. Sommer, Ed Casey, Mary C. Rawlinson, Eva Kittay, Michael A. Simon, Patrick Grim, Clyde Lee Miller, Rita Nolan, Marshall Spector, Don Ihde, Peter Williams, Anthony Weston, Donn Welton, Dick Howard, David A. Dilworth, Tom Foster Digby 3d, Anthony Appiah, David Auerbach, Annette Baier, Seyla Benhabib, Akeel Bilgrami, Richard Boyd, Robert Brandon, Joshua Cohen, Arnold Davidson, Owen Flanagan, Nancy Fraser, Marcia Lind, Alexander Nehamas, Linda Nicholson, Adrian Piper, Lynne Tirrell, Lawrence Blum, Lawrence Foster, Roma Farion, Mitchel Silver, Jenifer Radden, Jack Bayne, Robert K. Shope, Jane Roland Martin, Arthur B. Millman, Beebe Nelson, Robert Rosenfeld, Janet Farrell-Smith, David E. Flesche, Daniel E. Anderson, J. R. Brown, F. Cunningham, D. Goldstick, I. Hacking, C. Normore, A. Ripstein, W. Sumner, Alison M. Jaggar, Harry Deutsch, Irving Stein, John Hund, George Englebretsen, Fred Strohm, D. L. Ouren, P. Bilimoria, F. B. D. & Nora Nevin (1993). Letters to the Editor. Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 66 (5):97 - 112.score: 810.0
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  13. P. F. Strawson, H. J. Paton, H. L. A. Hart, Richard Robinson, A. C. Lloyd, R. Rhees, J. L. Spilsbury, Dorothy Emmet, George E. Hughes, D. R. Cousin, Basil Mitchell, Richard Peters, B. A. Farrell, Antony Flew, J. O. Urmson, O. P. Wood & Jonathan Cohen (1951). New Books. [REVIEW] Mind 60 (238):265-295.score: 810.0
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  14. S. Dehaene, L. Cohen, M. SigMan & F. Vinckier (2005). The Neural Code for Written Words: A Proposal. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 9 (7):335-341.score: 810.0
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  15. Elizabeth F. Cohen (2010). It Might Thus Seem That We Are Back to Square One Where QoD is Unavoidably a Complex Multidimensional Concept That, Because of its Nature, is Intractable in Comparative Research. After Reading The Quality of Democracy in Eastern Europe, However, We Are Not. The Author Deserves Applause. Inquiry 80:241-60.score: 810.0
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  16. H. F. Cohen & A. Meskens (1997). Christiaan Huygens en de Wetensschapsrevolutie van der 17de eeuw. Annals of Science 54 (3):312-312.score: 810.0
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  17. H. F. Cohen & S. Gaukroger (1995). The Scientific Revolution: A Historiographical Inquiry. Annals of Science 52 (5):503-508.score: 810.0
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  18. R. A. Oliveira, G. Oselka, C. Cohen & S. I. F. Costa (2008). Clinical Bioethics. J Int Bioethics 9 (1-2).score: 810.0
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  19. Gene E. Robinson, Jody A. Banks, Dianna K. Padilla, Warren W. Burggren, C. Sarah Cohen, Charles F. Delwiche, Vicki Funk, Hopi E. Hoekstra, Erich D. Jarvis & Loretta Johnson (2010). Empowering 21st Century Biology. BioScience 60 (11):923-930.score: 810.0
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  20. E. F. Cohen & C. P. Morley (2009). Children, ADHD, and Citizenship. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 34 (2):155-180.score: 720.0
    The diagnosis of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder is a subject of controversy, for a host of reasons. This paper seeks to explore the manner in which children's interests may be subsumed to those of parents, teachers, and society as a whole in the course of diagnosis, treatment, and labeling, utilizing a framework for children's citizenship proposed by Elizabeth Cohen. Additionally, the paper explores aspects of discipline associated with the diagnosis, as well as distributional pathologies resulting from the application of the (...)
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  21. Gareth B. Matthews & S. Marc Cohen (1968). The One and the Many. Review of Metaphysics 21 (4):630-655.score: 450.0
    We discuss Aristotle's "Categories" as an answer to Plato's One-over-Many argument. For Plato, F-ness is something "over against" particular F things; to predicate "F" of these things is to assert that they all stand in a certain relation to F-ness. Aristotle answers that predication is classification; and there being a classification of a certain sort is a fact correlative with there being things classifiable in the way the classification in question would classify them.
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  22. Martin Cohen (2005). Wittgenstein's Beetle and Other Classic Thought Experiments. Blackwell Pub..score: 450.0
    A is for Alice and astronomers arguing about acceleration -- B is for Bernard's body-exchange machine -- C is for the Catholic cannibal -- D is for Maxwell's demon -- E is for evolution (and an embarrassing problem with it) -- F is for the forms lost forever to the prisoners of the cave -- G is for Galileo's gravitational balls -- H is for Hume's shades -- I is for the identity of indiscernibles -- J is for Henri Poincaré (...)
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  23. Ira J. Cohen & Mary F. Rogers (1994). Autonomy and Credibility: Voice as Method. Sociological Theory 12 (3):304-318.score: 450.0
    Although little noticed by practicing theorists, narrative voice influences theoretical work. This essay presents a demonstration of voice as method, concentrating on brief segments of works by Garfinkel and Goffman. We attend to two methodological themes: how theorists use voice to establish intellectual autonomy, and how the use of voice influences credibility with readers. Garfinkel maximizes his autonomy by using narrative techniques that isolate him from his readers, and produce little common context with them as a result. Goffman maintains a (...)
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  24. S. Franrenet, N. Duchange, F. Galacteros, C. Quantin, O. Cohen, R. Nzouakou, S. Sudraud, C. Herve & G. Moutel (2010). Ethical Issues Related to Computerised Family Medical Histories in Sickle Cell Disease: Inforare. Journal of Medical Ethics 36 (10):604-607.score: 450.0
    The Inforare project aims to set up a system for the sharing of clinical and familial data, in order to study how genes are related to the severity of sickle cell disease. While the computerisation of clinical records represents a valuable research goal, an ethical framework is necessary to guarantee patients' protection and their rights in this developing field. Issues relating to patient information during the Inforare study were analysed by the steering committee. Several major concerns were discussed by the (...)
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  25. Mendel F. Cohen (1964). Motives, Causal Necessity, and Moral Accountability. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 42 (3):322 – 334.score: 450.0
    The author argues, Contra hume, That "the motives of human action are not related to the action in the way in which the causes of the sort of physical behaviour to which hume refers are related to that behaviour." the author contends this because he is opposed to the consequence of hume's theory that "moral appraisal presupposes 'necessity' or determinism." he concludes that we do have to explain morality in terms of human motives, But that a different sort of causality (...)
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  26. Philip G. Cohen (ed.) (1997). Texts and Textuality: Textual Instability, Theory, and Interpretation. Garland Pub..score: 450.0
    These essays deal with the scholarly study of the genesis, transmission, and editorial reconstitution of texts by exploring the connections between textual instability and textual theory, interpretation, and pedagogy. What makes this collection unique is that each essay brings a different theoretical orientation-New Historicism, Poststructuralism, or Feminism-to bear upon a different text, such as Whitman's Leaves of Grass , Faulkner's The Sound and the Fury, or hypertext fiction, to explore the dialectical relationship between texts and textuality. The essays bring some (...)
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  27. Ariel Cohen (2008). No Alternative to Alternatives. Journal of Semantics 26 (1):1-48.score: 450.0
    Rooth's (1985, 1992) theory of focus requires, in addition to the ordinary semantic value of an expression, the focus semantic value, which is a set of alternatives generated by focus. Rooth claims that the union (disjunction) of the focus semantic value is accommodated into the restrictor of an adverbial quantifier. More recently, however, some researchers (Krifka 2001; Geurts & van der Sandt 2004) have argued convincingly that what is accommodated is, in fact, the existential presupposition induced by focus. It would (...)
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  28. Helen MacGill Hughes (1944). Book Review:Jews in a Gentile World: The Problem of Anti-Semitism. Isacque Graeber, Steuart Henderson Britt, Miriam Beard, Jessie Bernard, Leonard Bloom, J. F. Brown, Joseph W. Cohen, Carleton Stevens Coons, Ellis Freeman, Carl J. Friedrich, J. O. Hertzler, Melville Jacobs, Raymond Kennedy, Samuel Koenig, Jacob Lestchinsky, Carl Mayer, Talcott Parsons, Everett V. Stonequist. [REVIEW] Ethics 54 (4):303-.score: 405.0
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  29. M. A. Bucher, F. Buchtal, R. E. Bull, P. Burgess, J. K. Burgoon, G. Butterworth, R. Byrne, W. H. Calvin, J. Campos & R. L. Cann (2002). Cleeremans, A. 353,355,361 Cochin, S. 40 Cohen-Seat, G. 39 Clark, H. 4,117,123 Colby, CI 49. In Maxim I. Stamenov & Vittorio Gallese (eds.), Mirror Neurons and the Evolution of Brain and Language. John Benjamins. 377.score: 216.0
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  30. Máire F. Cross (2003). Michèle RIOT-SARCEY (dir.), L'Utopie en questions, Saint Denis, Presses universitaires de Vincennes, 2001, 256 p. ; Claude COHEN-SAFIR, Cartographie du féminine dans l'utopie. De l'Europe à l'Amérique, Paris, Montréal, l'Harmattan, 2000, 204 p. [REVIEW] Clio 1:25-25.score: 198.0
    Ces deux ouvrages tentent de présenter l'évolution du concept de l'utopie. L'ouvrage de Claude Cohen-Safir voudrait recenser les noms des penseurs européens et américains qu'elle considère comme importants dans la trajectoire des idées utopiques outre Atlantique. On trouve mention, dans ce livre, d'utopistes présents dans l'ouvrage dirigé par Michèle Riot-Sarcey qui s'intéresse davantage aux questions de définition et de méthodologie. Le but de chaque auteur dans ce collectif est aussi..
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  31. R. F. Atkinson (1980). Karl Marx's Theory of History: A Defence By G. A. Cohen Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1978, Xvi + 369 Pp., £10.50. [REVIEW] Philosophy 55 (213):416-.score: 189.0
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  32. Lydia Stewart Ferreira (forthcoming). I. Glenn Cohen and Holly F. Lynch (Eds.): Human Subjects Research Regulation: Perspectives on the Future. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics:1-4.score: 189.0
    Human subjects research is an annual $10 billion dollar global activity. In May 2012, Harvard Law School hosted a conference on human subjects research (HSR). The conference critically examined HSR relative to the proposed American regulatory framework for federally funded research. The conference did not question the need for human subjects research. Rather, it discussed the need to balance the protection of human subjects from possible research risks while not hindering research—an epic, ongoing debate regarding the balance between paternalism and (...)
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  33. Gene F. Rose (1954). Review: Kalman Joseph Cohen, A Remark on Lukasiewicz's "On the Intuitionistic Theory of Deduction.". [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 19 (3):217-217.score: 189.0
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  34. J. F. Thomson (1956). Review: L. J. Cohen, A. C. Lloyd, Assertion-Statements. [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 21 (1):82-83.score: 189.0
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  35. Gregory Vlastos (1980). The Philosophy of Socrates: A Collection of Critical Essays. University of Notre Dame Press.score: 126.0
    Vlastos, G. Introduction: the paradox of Socrates.--Lacey, A. R. Our knowledge of Socrates.--Dover, K. J. Socrates in the Clouds.--Robinson, R. Elenchus.--Robinson, R. Elenchus, direct and indirect.--Robinson, R. Socratic definition.--Nakhnikian, G. Elenctic definitions.--Cohen, S. M. Socrates on the definition of piety: Euthyphro 10A-11B.--Santas, G. Socrates at work on virtue and knowledge in Plato's Laches.--Burnyeat, M. F. Virtues in action.--Walsh, J. J. The Socratic denial of Akrasia.--Santas, G. Plato's Protagoras and explanations of weakness.--Woozley, A. D. Socrates on disobeying the law.--Allen, R. (...)
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  36. [deleted]Victor A. F. Lamme Michael X. Cohen, Simon van Gaal, K. Richard Ridderinkhof (2009). Unconscious Errors Enhance Prefrontal-Occipital Oscillatory Synchrony. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 3.score: 96.0
    The medial prefrontal cortex (MFC) is critical for our ability to learn from previous mistakes. Here we provide evidence that neurophysiological oscillatory long-range synchrony is a mechanism of post-error adaptation that occurs even without conscious awareness of the error. During a visually signaled Go/No-Go task in which half of the No-Go cues were masked and thus not consciously perceived, response errors enhanced tonic (i.e., over 1-2 seconds) oscillatory synchrony between MFC and occipital cortex leading up to and during the subsequent (...)
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  37. Eric Peterson & Stephanie F. Miller (2012). The Eyes Test as a Measure of Individual Differences: How Much of the Variance Reflects Verbal IQ? Frontiers in Psychology 3.score: 90.0
    Developed by Baron-Cohen and colleagues, the Reading the Mind in the Eyes Test requires individuals to determine mental states from photos of pairs of eyes. Used in over 250 studies, it has been conceptualized as an advanced theory of mind test that is relatively free of general cognitive abilities. Given the sensitivity of the instrument, many studies with healthy adult samples have used this instrument as a measure of individual differences in social perceptual processes that contribute to theory of (...)
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  38. Stephanie F. Miller Eric Peterson (2012). The Eyes Test as a Measure of Individual Differences: How Much of the Variance Reflects Verbal IQ? Frontiers in Psychology 3.score: 90.0
    Developed by Baron-Cohen and colleagues, the Reading the Mind in the Eyes Test requires individuals to determine mental states from photos of pairs of eyes. Used in over 250 studies, it has been conceptualized as an advanced theory of mind test that is relatively free of general cognitive abilities. Given the sensitivity of the instrument, many studies with healthy adult samples have used this instrument as a measure of individual differences in social perceptual processes that contribute to theory of (...)
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  39. Christopher McMahon (1999). :Deliberative Democracy: Essays on Reason and Politics. Ethics 109 (3):648-650.score: 81.0
    Ideals of democratic participation and rational self-government have long informed modern political theory. As a recent elaboration of these ideals, the concept of deliberative democracy is based on the principle that legitimate democracy issues from the public deliberation of citizens. This remarkably fruitful concept has spawned investigations along a number of lines. Areas of inquiry include the nature and value of deliberation, the feasibility and desirability of consensus on contentious issues, the implications of institutional complexity and cultural diversity for democratic (...)
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  40. Harvey Friedman, New Borel Independence Results.score: 81.0
    S. Adams, W. Ambrose, A. Andretta, H. Becker, R. Camerlo, C. Champetier, J.P.R. Christensen, D.E. Cohen, A. Connes. C. Dellacherie, R. Dougherty, R.H. Farrell, F. Feldman, A. Furman, D. Gaboriau, S. Gao, V. Ya. Golodets, P. Hahn, P. de la Harpe, G. Hjorth, S. Jackson, S. Kahane, A.S. Kechris, A. Louveau,, R. Lyons, P.-A. Meyer, C.C. Moore, M.G. Nadkarni, C. Nebbia, A.L.T. Patterson, U. Krengel, A.J. Kuntz, J.-P. Serre, S.D. Sinel'shchikov, T. Slaman, Solecki, R. Spatzier, J. Steel, D. Sullivan, (...)
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  41. By Duncan Pritchard (2004). Some Recent Work in Epistemology. Philosophical Quarterly 54 (217):604–613.score: 81.0
    xxiii + 293. Price £50.00 h/b). Thinking About Knowing. By JAY F. ROSENBERG. (Oxford UP, 2002. Pp. viii + 257. Price £30.00 h/b). Epistemology is currently enjoying a renaissance. To a large extent, this has been sparked by some exciting new proposals, such as the contextualist theories advanced by Stewart Cohen, Keith DeRose, David Lewis and Michael Williams, the modal conceptions of knowledge offered by Fred Dretske and Robert Nozick, and the virtue epistemologies put forward by John Greco, Ernest (...)
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  42. Gregory Vlastos (1971). The Philosophy of Socrates. Garden City, N.Y.,Anchor Books.score: 81.0
    Introduction: the paradox of Socrates, by G. Vlastos.--Our knowledge of Socrates, by A. R. Lacey.--Socrates in the Clouds, by K. J. Dover.--Elenchus, by R. Robinson.--Elenchus: direct and indirect, by R. Robinson.--Socratic definition, by R. Robinson.--Elenctic definitions, by G. Nakhnikian.--Socrates on the definition of piety: Euthyphro 10A-11B, by S. M. Cohen.--Socrates at work on virtue and knowledge in Plato's Laches, by G. Santas.--Virtues in action, by M. F. Burnyeat.--The Socratic denial of Akrasia, by J. J. Walsh.--Plato's Protagoras and explanations of (...)
     
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  43. M. Adriaensen, A. Anderson, N. Andreasen, C. Aussilloux, A. Badiou, R. Barbaras, H. B. Barlow, S. Baron-Cohen, F. Bartlett & S. Beckett (2005). Blankenburg, W. 148 Bleuler, E. 156, 158. In Helena De Preester & Veroniek Knockaert (eds.), Body Image and Body Schema. John Benjamins Publishing Company. 329.score: 81.0
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  44. Martin D. Yaffe & Richard S. Ruderman (eds.) (2013). Reorientation: Leo Strauss in the 1930s. Palgrave Macmillan.score: 81.0
    Machine generated contents note: -- Introduction; Martin D. Yaffe and Richard S. Ruderman -- 1. How Strauss Became Strauss; Heinrich Meier -- 2. Spinoza's Critique of Religion: Reading Too Literally and Not Reading Literally Enough; Steven Frank -- 3. The Light Shed on the Crucial Development of Strauss's Thought by his Correspondence with Gerhard Krüger; Thomas L. Pangle -- 4. Strauss on Hermann Cohen's 'Idealizing' Appropriation of Maimonides as a Platonist; Martin D. Yaffe -- 5. Strauss on the Religious (...)
     
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  45. Kenneth S. Kendler & Kenneth F. Schaffner (2011). The Dopamine Hypothesis of Schizophrenia: An Historical and Philosophical Analysis. Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 18 (1):41-63.score: 45.0
    This essay selectively reviews, from an historical and philosophical perspective, the dopamine (DA) hypothesis of schizophrenia (DHS; Table 1 lists the abbreviations used in this essay). Our goal is not to adjudicate the validity of the theory—although we arrive at a generally skeptical conclusion—but to focus on the process whereby the DHS has evolved over time and been evaluated. Since its inception, the DHS has been the most prominent etiologic theory in psychiatry and is still referred to widely in current (...)
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  46. James Hill (1998). Concepts of Secondary Qualities. Organon F 5 (Supplement):91-98.score: 45.0
    The properties of secondary qualities have recently become an object of interest again in analytic philosophy; it is generally assumed that secondary qualities - in the mind at least - tend to be irreducible to the physical: taste, smell, color perception, the aural, & the tactile all seem to be more subjectively perceived than most other qualities. This is shown to present such topics as realism vs anti-realism, description, & truth-value with a series of problems, which are then discussed. The (...)
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  47. Andrew F. Smith (2014). Religion in the Public Sphere Incentivizing Reciprocal Deliberative Engagement. Philosophy and Social Criticism 40 (6):535-554.score: 45.0
    Commonplace among deliberative theorists is the view that, when defending preferred laws and policies, citizens should appeal only to reasons they expect others reasonably to accept. This view has been challenged on the grounds that it places an undue burden on religious citizens who feel duty-bound to appeal to religious reasons to justify preferred positions. In response, I develop a conception of democratic deliberation that provides unlimited latitude regarding the sorts of reasons that can be introduced, so long as one (...)
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  48. James F. Cavanagh Michael X. Cohen (2011). Single-Trial Regression Elucidates the Role of Prefrontal Theta Oscillations in Response Conflict. Frontiers in Psychology 2.score: 45.0
    In most cognitive neuroscience experiments there are many behavioral and experimental dynamics, and many indices of brain activity, that vary from trial to trial. For example, in studies of response conflict, conflict is usually treated as a binary variable (i.e., response conflict exists or does not in any given trial), whereas some evidence and intuition suggests that conflict may vary in intensity from trial to trial. Here we demonstrate that single-trial multiple regression of time-frequency electrophysiological activity reveals neural mechanisms of (...)
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  49. Jessica F. Cantlon, Sara Cordes, Melissa E. Libertus & Elizabeth M. Brannon (2009). Numerical Abstraction: It Ain't Broke. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 32 (3-4):331-332.score: 45.0
    The dual-code proposal of number representation put forward by Cohen Kadosh & Walsh (CK&W) accounts for only a fraction of the many modes of numerical abstraction. Contrary to their proposal, robust data from human infants and nonhuman animals indicate that abstract numerical representations are psychologically primitive. Additionally, much of the behavioral and neural data cited to support CK&W's proposal is, in fact, neutral on the issue of numerical abstraction.
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