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Profile: Alvin Goldman (Rutgers University)
Profile: Avery Goldman (DePaul University)
  1. Alvin I. Goldman, Jacob on Mirroring, Simulating and Mindreading.
    Jacob (2008) raises several problems for the alleged link between mirroring and mindreading. This response argues that the best mirroring-mindreading thesis would claim that mirror processes cause, rather than constitute, selected acts of mindreading. Second, the best current evidence for mirror-based mindreading is not found in the motoric domain but in the domains of emotion and sensation, where the evidence (ignored by Jacob) is substantial. Finally, simulation theory should distinguish low-level simulation (mirroring) and high-level simulation (involving pretense or imagination). Jacob (...)
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  2. Alvin I. Goldman, Mirroring, Mindreading, and Simulation.
    What is the connection between mirror processes and mindreading? The paper begins with definitions of mindreading and of mirroring processes. It then advances four theses: (T1) mirroring processes in themselves do not constitute mindreading; (T2) some types of mindreading (“low-level” mindreading) are based on mirroring processes; (T3) not all types of mindreading are based on mirroring (“high-level” mindreading); and (T4) simulation-based mindreading includes but is broader than mirroring-based mindreading. Evidence for the causal role of mirroring in mindreading is drawn from (...)
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  3. Alvin I. Goldman, Or: Evidentialism's Troubles, Reliabilism's Rescue Package.
    For most of their respective existences, reliabilism and evidentialism (that is, process reliabilism and mentalist evidentialism) have been rivals. They are generally viewed as incompatible, even antithetical, theories of justification.1 But a few people are beginning to re-think this notion. Perhaps an ideal theory would be a hybrid of the two, combining the best elements of each theory. Juan Comesana (forthcoming) takes this point of view and constructs a position called “Evidentialist Reliabilism.” He tries to show how each theory can (...)
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  4. Alan Goldman (forthcoming). Diversity in Curricula and Faculty. Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association.
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  5. Alan Goldman (forthcoming). Review: Epistemology and the Psychology of Human Judgment. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews.
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  6. Alan H. Goldman (forthcoming). 158 Part Two: Business and Consumers. Contemporary Issues in Business Ethics.
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  7. Alvin Goldman (forthcoming). 2006. Social Epistemology. In the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy Available From Http://Plato. Stanford. Edu/Entries/Epistemology-Social.
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  8. Alvin Goldman (forthcoming). Education and Social Epistemology. Philosophy of Education.
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  9. Alvin I. Goldman (forthcoming). Analytical Table of Contents. Social Epistemology.
     
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  10. Alvin I. Goldman (forthcoming). Philosophical Naturalism and Intuitional Methodology. Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association.
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  11. Paul Formosa, Avery Goldman & Tatiana Patrone (eds.) (2014). Politics and Teleology in Kant. University of Wales Press.
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  12. Miranda Fricker Frances, Richard Fumerton, Alvin Goldman, Nick Leonard, Christian List & Peter Ludlow (2013). Sanford Goldberg. In David Phiroze Christensen & Jennifer Lackey (eds.), The Epistemology of Disagreement: New Essays. Oxford University Press.
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  13. Abe Goldman, Jaclyn Hall, Michael Binford & Joel Hartter (2013). Environmental Protection and Affection in East Africa. Ethics, Policy and Environment 16 (3):270-272.
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  14. Alan H. Goldman (2013). Philosophy and the Novel. Oxford University Press.
    Part I. Philosophy of novels. 1. Introduction: philosophical content and literary value -- 2. Interpreting novels -- 3. The sun also rises: incompatible interpretations -- 4. The appeal of the mystery -- Part II. Philosophy in novels. 5. Moral development in Pride and prejudice -- 6. Huckleberry Finn and moral motivation -- 7. What we learn about rules from The cider house rules -- 8. Nostromo and the fragility of the self.
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  15. Alan H. Goldman (2013). Rights, Utilities and Contracts. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 7 (sup1):121-135.
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  16. Alan H. Goldman (2013). The Broad View of Aesthetic Experience. Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 71 (4):323-333.
    Peter Kivy and Noël Carroll advocate a narrow view of aesthetic experience according to which it consists mainly in attention to formal properties. Excluded are cognitive and moral properties. I defend the broader view that includes the latter properties. I argue first that cognition and moral assessment can be inseparable in experience from grasp of form and expressiveness. Second, Kivy and Carroll must extend the notion of form itself beyond ordinary usage to accommodate acknowledged aesthetic experience. Third, the broad view (...)
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  17. Alvin I. Goldman (2013). Joint Ventures: Mindreading, Mirroring, and Embodied Cognition. Oup Usa.
    This collection of essays by Alvin Goldman explores an array of topics in the philosophy of cognitive science, ranging from embodied cognition to the metaphysics of actions and events.
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  18. Alvin I. Goldman (2013). The Bodily Formats Approach to Embodied Cognition. In Uriah Kriegel (ed.), Current Controversies in Philosophy of Mind. Routledge. 91.
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  19. Alvin I. Goldman & Lucy C. Jordan (2013). Mindreading by Simulation: The Roles of Imagination and Mirroring. In Simon Baron-Cohen, Michael Lombardo & Helen Tager-Flusberg (eds.), Understanding Other Minds: Perspectives From Developmental Social Neuroscience. Oup Oxford. 448.
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  20. Donna Bowman, Clayton Crockett, John Dudly, Avery Goldman, Martin Heidegger, Oskari Kuusela & Sebastian Luft (2012). Baltas, Aristides. Peeling Potatoes or Grinding Lenses: Spinoza and Young Wittgenstein Converse on Immanence and Its Logic (Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 2012). Beiser, Frederick C. The German Historicist Tradition (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011). [REVIEW] Graduate Faculty Philosophy Journal 33 (1).
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  21. Rw Ir Gibbs, C. Goddard, A. I. Goldman, I. Grady, D. Graff & M. Gullberg (2012). 356 Space and Time in Languages and Cultures: Language, Culture, and Cognition. In L. Filipovic & K. M. Jaszczolt (eds.), Space and Time in Languages and Cultures: Language, Culture, and Cognition. John Benjamins. 355.
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  22. A. H. Goldman (2012). Contractualism and the Foundations of Morality, by Nicholas Southwood. Mind 121 (482):539-543.
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  23. Alan Goldman (2012). Aesthetics: The Key Thinkers.
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  24. Alan Goldman (2012). David Hume. In Aesthetics: The Key Thinkers. 48-60.
     
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  25. Alan H. Goldman (2012). Response to Gert on Practical Reason. Journal of Ethics 16 (1):35-37.
    This is a response to Joshua Gert’s criticisms of my book Reasons from Within and defense of his own contrasting position.
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  26. Alvin I. Goldman (2012). A Moderate Approach to Embodied Cognitive Science. Review of Philosophy and Psychology 3 (1):71-88.
    Many current programs for cognitive science sail under the banner of “embodied cognition.” These programs typically seek to distance themselves from standard cognitive science. The present proposal for a conception of embodied cognition is less radical than most, indeed, quite compatible with many versions of traditional cognitive science. Its rationale is based on two elements, each of which is theoretically plausible and empirically well-founded. The first element invokes the idea of “bodily formats,” i.e., representational codes primarily utilized in forming interoceptive (...)
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  27. Alvin I. Goldman (2012). Reliabilism and Contemporary Epistemology: Essays. Oup Usa.
    This is the most up-to-date collection of essays by the leading proponent of process reliabilism, refining and clarifying that theory and critiquing its rivals. The volume features important essays on the internalism/externalism debate, epistemic value, the intuitional methodology of philosophy, and social epistemology.
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  28. Avery Goldman (2012). Kant and the Subject of Critique: On the Regulative Role of the Psychological Idea. Indiana University Press.
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  29. Alan H. Goldman (2011). The Appeal of the Mystery. Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 69 (3):261-272.
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  30. Alan H. Goldman (2011). Value. In Theodore Gracyk & Andrew Kania (eds.), The Routledge Companion to Philosophy and Music. Routledge. 162.
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  31. Alvin Goldman (2011). Two Routes to Empathy. In Amy Coplan & Peter Goldie (eds.), Empathy: Philosophical and Psychological Perspectives. Oxford University Press. 31.
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  32. Alvin I. Goldman (2011). And Evidentialism? Or: Evidentialism's Troubles, Reliabilism's Rescue Package. In T. Dougherty (ed.), Evidentialism and its Discontents. Oxford University Press. 254.
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  33. Alvin I. Goldman (2011). Commentary on Jack Lyons's Perception and Basic Beliefs. [REVIEW] Philosophical Studies 153 (3):457 - 466.
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  34. Alvin I. Goldman (2011). Toward a Synthesis of Reliabilism and Evidentialism? Or: Evidentialism's Troubles, Reliabilism's Rescue Package. In Trent Dougherty (ed.), Evidentialism and its Discontents. Oxford University Press.
  35. Alan Goldman (2010). Huckleberry Finn and Moral Motivation. Philosophy and Literature 34 (1):pp. 1-16.
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  36. Alan H. Goldman (2010). Is Moral Motivation Rationally Required? Journal of Ethics 14 (1):1 - 16.
    The answer to the title question is “No.” The first section argues, using the example of Huckleberry Finn, that rational agents need not be motivated by their explicit judgments of rightness and wrongness. Section II rejects a plausible argument to the conclusion that rational agents must have some moral concerns. The third section clarifies the relevant concept of irrationality and argues that moral incoherence does not equate with this common relevant concept. Section IV questions a rational requirement for prudential concern (...)
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  37. Alan H. Goldman (2010). What We Learn About Rules From the Cider House Rules. Philosophy and Literature 34 (2):359-372.
    In a well known collection of essays, Martha Nussbaum has argued that novels are indispensable in teaching and learning ethics in the right way.1 A large part of such learning consists in developing the capacity to perceive and respond to complex, nuanced situations having numerous morally relevant features deriving from particular relationships and past commitments that combine these context sensitive features in unique and unpredictable ways. Careful attention to detailed, intricate stories with finely sketched characters develops such capacity far better (...)
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  38. Alvin Goldman (2010). Why Social Epistemology is Real Epistemology. In Adrian Haddock, Alan Millar & Duncan Pritchard (eds.), Social Epistemology. Oxford University Press, Usa. 1--29.
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  39. Alvin I. Goldman (2010). A Guide to Social Epistemology. In Alvin I. Goldman & Dennis Whitcomb (eds.), Social Epistemology: Essential Readings. Oxford University Press.
     
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  40. Alvin I. Goldman & Dennis Whitcomb (eds.) (2010/2011). Social Epistemology: Essential Readings. Oxford University Press.
    This volume will be of great interest to scholars and students in epistemology.
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  41. Anny Goldman & Nili Tabak (2010). Perception of Ethical Climate and its Relationship to Nurses' Demographic Characteristics and Job Satisfaction. Nursing Ethics 17 (2):233-246.
    In this study, we examined the perception of actual and ideal ethical climate type among 95 nurses working in the internal medicine wards of one central hospital in the state of Israel. We also examined whether nurses’ demographic characteristics influence that perception and if a relationship between perceptions of an actual and an ideal ethical climate type influences nurses’ job satisfaction. A questionnaire composed of three subquestionnaires was administered and the responses analyzed using multiple linear regressions, analysis of variance and (...)
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  42. Avery Goldman (2010). An Antinomy of Political Judgment: Kant, Arendt, and the Role of Purposiveness in Reflective Judgment. Continental Philosophy Review 43 (3):331-352.
    This article builds on Arendt’s development of a Kantian politics from out of the conception of reflective judgment in the Critique of Judgment. Arendt looks to Kant’s analysis of the beautiful to explain how political thought can be conceived. And yet Arendt describes such Kantian reflection as an empirical undertaking that justifies itself only in relation to the abstract principle of the moral law. The problem for such an account is that the autonomy of the moral law appears to be (...)
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  43. Avery Goldman (2010). Kant, Heidegger, and the Circularity of Transcendental Inquiry. Epoché: A Journal for the History of Philosophy 15 (1):107-120.
    While in Being and Time Heidegger criticizes Kant for presupposing the very objects that he then goes on to examine, in his 1935–1936 lecture course What Is a Thing? he argues that the differentiation of subject and object with which Kant begins enables him to point to the temporal nature of thought. In following Kant’s own description of his project, Heidegger deems the presupposition of the objects of experience not detrimental to the inquiry, but determinative of its circular method. In (...)
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  44. Alan Goldman (2009). Desires and Reasons. American Philosophical Quarterly 46 (4):291 - 304.
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  45. Alan H. Goldman (2009). Reasons From Within: Desires and Values. Oxford University Press.
    Alan H. Goldman argues for the internalist or subjectivist view of practical reasons on the grounds that it is simpler, more unified, and more comprehensible ...
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  46. Alan H. Goldman (2009). Review of Noel Carroll, On Criticism. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2009 (1).
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  47. Alvin Goldman (2009). Epistemic Relativism and Reasonable Disagreement. In Richard Feldman & Ted Warfield (eds.), Disagreement. Oup.
    I begin with some familiar conceptions of epistemic relativism. One kind of epistemic relativism is descriptive pluralism. This is the simple, non-normative thesis that many different communities, cultures, social networks, etc. endorse different epistemic systems (E-systems), i.e., different sets of norms, standards, or principles for forming beliefs and other doxastic states. Communities try to guide or regulate their members’ credence-forming habits in a variety of different, i.e., incompatible, ways. Although there may be considerable overlap across cultures in certain types of (...)
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  48. Alvin Goldman (2009). Simulation Theory and Cognitive Neuroscience. In Dominic Murphy & Michael A. Bishop (eds.), Stich and His Critics. Wiley-Blackwell.
  49. Alvin Goldman (2009). Williamson on Knowledge and Evidence. In Patrick Greenough, Duncan Pritchard & Timothy Williamson (eds.), Williamson on Knowledge. Oxford University Press. 73-91.
    Timothy Williamson’s project in Knowledge and Its Limits (Williamson, 2000)1 includes proposals for substantial revisions in the received approach to epistemology. One received view is that knowledge is conceptualized in terms of a conjunction of factors that are individually necessary and jointly sufficient for knowing. A central aim of epistemology is to state such necessary and sufficient conditions. Against this received view, Williamson argues that a necessary but insufficient condition need not be a conjunct of a non-circular necessary and sufficient (...)
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  50. Alvin I. Goldman (2009). Internalism, Externalism, and the Architecture of Justification. Journal of Philosophy 106 (6):309-338.
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