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Profile: Adolf Grunbaum (University of Pittsburgh)
  1.  170 DLs
    Adolf Grünbaum (1989). The Pseudo-Problem of Creation in Physical Cosmology. Philosophy of Science 56 (3):373-394.
    According to some cosmologists, the big bang cosmogony and even the (now largely defunct) steady-state theory pose a scientifically insoluble problem of matter-energy creation. But I argue that the genuine problem of the origin of matter-energy or of the universe has been fallaciously transmuted into the pseudo-problem of creation by an external cause. A fortiori, it emerges that the initial "true" and "false" vacuum states of quantum cosmology do not vindicate biblical divine creation ex nihilo at all.
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  2.  160 DLs
    Adolf Grünbaum (1991). Creation as a Pseudo-Explanation in Current Physical Cosmology. Erkenntnis 35 (1-3):233 - 254.
  3.  155 DLs
    A. Grunbaum (2000). A New Critique of Theological Interpretations of Physical Cosmology. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 51 (1):1-43.
    This paper is a sequel to my 'Theological Misinterpretations of Current Physical Cosmology' (Foundations of Physics [1996], 26 (4); revised in Philo [1998], 1 (1)). There I argued that the Big Bang models of (classical) general relativity theory, as well as the original 1948 versions of the steady state cosmology, are each logically incompatible with the time-honored theological doctrine that perpetual divine creation ('creatio continuans') is required in each of these two theorized worlds. Furthermore, I challenged the perennial theological doctrine (...)
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  4.  102 DLs
    Adolf Grünbaum (1979). Is Freudian Psychoanalytic Theory Pseudo-Scientific by Karl Popper's Criterion of Demarcation? American Philosophical Quarterly 16 (2):131 - 141.
  5.  85 DLs
    Adolf Grünbaum (2004). The Poverty of Theistic Cosmology. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 55 (4):561 - 614.
    Philosophers have postulated the existence of God to explain (I) why any contingent objects exist at all rather than nothing contingent, and (II) why the fundamental laws of nature and basic facts of the world are exactly what they are. Therefore, we ask: (a) Does (I) pose a well-conceived question which calls for an answer? and (b) Can God's presumed will (or intention) provide a cogent explanation of the basic laws and facts of the world, as claimed by (II)? We (...)
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  6.  79 DLs
    Adolf Grünbaum (1976). Is the Method of Bold Conjectures and Attempted Refutations Justifiably the Method of Science? British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 27 (2):105-136.
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  7.  74 DLs
    Adolf Grünbaum (1953). Whitehead's Method of Extensive Abstraction. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 4 (15):215-226.
  8.  71 DLs
    David Sachs & Adolf Grünbaum (1989). In Fairness to Freud: A Critical Notice of the Foundations of Psychoanalysis. Philosophical Review 98 (3):349-378.
  9.  67 DLs
    Adolf Grünbaum (1969). Can an Infinitude of Operations Be Performed in a Finite Time? British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 20 (3):203-218.
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  10.  65 DLs
    Adolf Grunbaum (1976). Is Preacceleration of Particles in Dirac's Electrodynamics a Case of Backward Causation? The Myth of Retrocausation in Classical Electrodynamics. Philosophy of Science 43 (2):165-201.
    Is it a "conceptual truth" or only a logically contingent fact that, in any given kind of case, an event x which asymmetrically causes ("produces") an event y likewise temporally precedes y or at least does not temporally succeed y? A bona fide physical example in which the cause retroproduces the effect would show that backward causation is no less conceptually possible than forward causation. And it has been claimed ([9], p. 151; [4], p. 41) that in Dirac's classical electrodynamics (...)
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  11.  63 DLs
    A. Grunbaum (1986). The Placebo Concept in Medicine and Psychiatry. Psychological Medicine 16 (1):19-38.
  12.  60 DLs
    Adolf Grünbaum (1959). Discussions: Thb Falsifiability Op the Lorentz-Fitzgerald Contraction Hypothesis. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 10 (37):48-50.
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  13.  58 DLs
    Adolf Grünbaum (1950). Realism and Neo-Kantianism in Professor Margenau's Philosophy of Quantum Mechanics. Philosophy of Science 17 (1):26-34.
  14.  56 DLs
    Adolf Grunbaum (1980). Epistemological Liabilities of the Clinical Appraisal of Psychoanalytic Theory. Noûs 14 (3):307-385.
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  15.  55 DLs
    A. Grunbaum (1972). Abelson on Feigl's Mind-Body Identity Thesis. Philosophical Studies 23 (February):119-21.
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  16.  51 DLs
    Adolf Grünbaum (1957). I. Complementarity in Quantum Physics and its Philosophical Generalization. Journal of Philosophy 54 (23):713-727.
  17.  49 DLs
    Adolf Grünbaum (1977). Is Psychoanalysis a Pseudo-Science? Karl Popper Versus Sigmund Freud. Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung 31 (3):333 - 353.
  18.  47 DLs
    Adolf Grunbaum (1987). Psychoanalysis and Theism. The Monist 70 (2):152 - 192.
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  19.  45 DLs
    Adolf Grünbaum (1986). Can a Theory Answer More Questions Than One of its Rivals? British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 37 (1):1-23.
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  20.  44 DLs
    Adolf Grünbaum (1973). Philosophical Problems of Space and Time. Boston,Reidel.
  21.  43 DLs
    Adolf Grünbaum (1962). The Falsifiability of Theories: Total or Partial? A Contemporary Evaluation of the Duhem-Quine Thesis. Synthese 14 (1):17 - 34.
  22.  42 DLs
    Adolf Grünbaum (1951). Messrs.~Black and Taylor on Temporal Paradoxes. Analysis 12 (6):144--148.
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  23.  38 DLs
    Adolf[from old catalog] Grünbaum (1950). Relativity and the Atomicity of Becoming. Review of Metaphysics 4 (2):143-186.
  24.  37 DLs
    Adolf Grünbaum (1961). Professor Dingle on Falsifiability: A Second Rejoinder. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 12 (46):153-156.
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  25.  34 DLs
    Adolf Grünbaum (2005). Rejoinder to Richard Swinburne's ‘Second Reply to Grünbaum’. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 56 (4):927 - 938.
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  26.  32 DLs
    Adolf Grünbaum (1976). Ad Hoc Auxiliary Hypotheses and Falsificationism. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 27 (4):329-362.
  27.  31 DLs
    Adolf Grünbaum (2007). Is Simplicity Evidence of Truth? Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 82 (61):179 - 189.
    In a short 1997 book entitled Simplicity as Evidence of Truth , the Oxford philosopher Richard Swinburne has put forward the following thesis summarily: ‘… for theories rendering equally probable our observational data , fitting equally well with background knowledge, the simplest is most probably true’.
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  28.  30 DLs
    Adolf Grunbaum (2001). Does Freudian Theory Resolve "the Paradoxes of Irrationality"? Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 62 (1):129-143.
    In this paper, I criticize the claim made by Donald Davidson, among others, that Freud’s psychoanalytic theory provides “a conceptual framework within which to describe and understand irrationality.” Further, I defend my epistemological strictures on the explanatory and therapeutic foundations of the psychoanalytic enterprise against the efforts of Davidson, Marcia Cavell, Thomas Nagel, et al., to undermine them.
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  29.  29 DLs
    A. Grünbaum (1969). Are Physical Events Themselves Transiently Past, Present and Future? A Reply to H. A. C. Dobbs. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 20 (2):145-153.
  30.  27 DLs
    Adolf Grūnbaum (1961). Professor Dingle on Falsifiability: A Second Rejoinder. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 12 (46):153-156.
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  31.  26 DLs
    Adolf Grünbaum (1984). The Foundations of Psychoanalysis: A Philosophical Critique. University of California Press.
    Introduction Critique of the Hermeneutic Conception of Psychoanalytic Theory and Therapy The study before you is a philosophical critique of the foundations ...
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  32.  25 DLs
    Adolf Grünbaum (1957). The Philosophical Retention of Absolute Space in Einstein's General Theory of Relativity. Philosophical Review 66 (4):525-534.
  33.  25 DLs
    Adolf Grünbaum (2001). Does Freudian Theory Resolve "The Paradoxes of Irrationality"? Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 62 (1):129 - 143.
    In this paper, I criticize the claim made by Donald Davidson, among others, that Freud’s psychoanalytic theory provides “a conceptual framework within which to describe and understand irrationality.” Further, I defend my epistemological strictures on the explanatory and therapeutic foundations of the psychoanalytic enterprise against the efforts of Davidson, Marcia Cavell, Thomas Nagel, et al., to undermine them.
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  34.  24 DLs
    Adolf Grünbaum (2010). David Malament and the Conventionality of Simultaneity: A Reply. [REVIEW] Foundations of Physics 40 (9-10):1285-1297.
    In 1977, David Malament proved the valuable technical result that the simultaneity relation of standard synchrony $\epsilon=\frac{1}{2}$ with respect to an inertial observer O is uniquely definable in terms of the relation κ of causal connectibility. And he claimed that this definability undermines my own version of the conventionality of metrical simultaneity within an inertial frame.But Malament’s proof depends on the imposition of several supposedly “innocuous” constraints on any candidate for the simultaneity relation relative to O. Relying on Allen I. (...)
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  35.  23 DLs
    Adolf Grünbaum (1956). Historical Determinism, Social Activism, and Predictions in the Social Sciences. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 7 (27):236-240.
  36.  23 DLs
    A. Grünbaum (2000). A New Critique of Theological Interpretations of Physical Cosmology. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 51 (1):1 - 43.
    This paper is a sequel to my 'Theological Misinterpretations of Current Physical Cosmology' (Foundations of Physics [1996], 26 (4); revised in Philo [10998], 1 (1)). There I argued that the Big Bang models of (classical) general relativity theory, as well as the original 1948 versions of the steady state cosmology, are each logically incompatible with the time-honored theological doctrine that perpetual divine creation (creatio continuans') is required in each of these two theorized worlds. Furthermore, I challenged the perennial theological doctrine (...)
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  37.  22 DLs
    Adolf Grünbaum (1962). Temporally-Asymmetric Principles, Parity Between Explanation and Prediction, and Mechanism Versus Teleology. Philosophy of Science 29 (2):146-170.
    Three major ways in which temporal asymmetries enter into scientific induction are discussed as follows: 1. An account is given of the physical basis for the temporal asymmetry of recordability, which obtains in the following sense: except for humanly recorded predictions and one other class of advance indicators to be discussed, interacting systems can contain reliable indicators of only their past and not of their future interactions. To deal with the exceptional cases of non-spontaneous "pre-records," a clarification is offered of (...)
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  38.  21 DLs
    Adolf Grünbaum (1998). Theological Misinterpretations of Current Physical Cosmology. Philo 1 (1):15-34.
    In earlier writings, I argued that neither of the two major physical cosmologies of the twentieth century support divine creation, so that atheism has nothing to fear from the explanations required by these cosmologies. Yet theists ranging from Augustine, Aquinas, Descartes, and Leibniz to Richard Swinburne and Philip Quinn have maintained that, at every instant anew, the existence of the world requires divine creation ex nihilo as its cause. Indeed, according to some such theists, for any given moment t, God’s (...)
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  39.  21 DLs
    Adolf Grunbaum (1963). Comments on Professor Roger Buck's Paper "Reflexive Predictions.". Philosophy of Science 30 (4):370 - 372.
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  40.  19 DLs
    Adolf Grunbaum (1989). The Pseudo-Problem of Creation in Physical Cosmology. Philosophy of Science 56 (3):373 - 394.
    According to some cosmologists, the big bang cosmogony and even the (now largely defunct) steady-state theory pose a scientifically insoluble problem of matter-energy creation. But I argue that the genuine problem of the origin of matter-energy or of the universe has been fallaciously transmuted into the pseudo-problem of creation by an external cause. A fortiori, it emerges that the initial "true" and "false" vacuum states of quantum cosmology do not vindicate biblical divine creation ex nihilo at all.
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  41.  19 DLs
    Adolf Grunbaum (1971). Free Will and the Laws of Human Behavior. American Philosophical Quarterly 8 (October):299-317.
  42.  18 DLs
    Adolf Grünbaum (1970). Space, Time and Falsifiability Critical Exposition and Reply to "a Panel Discussion of Grünbaum's Philosophy of Science". Philosophy of Science 37 (4):469-588.
    Prompted by the "Panel Discussion of Grünbaum's Philosophy of Science" (Philosophy of Science 36, December, 1969) and other recent literature, this essay ranges over major issues in the philosophy of space, time and space-time as well as over problems in the logic of ascertaining the falsity of a scientific hypothesis. The author's philosophy of geometry has recently been challenged along three main distinct lines as follows: (i) The Panel article by G. J. Massey calls for a more precise and more (...)
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  43.  16 DLs
    Adolf Grünbaum (1971). Why I Am Afraid of Absolute Space. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 49 (1):96.
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  44.  16 DLs
    Adolf Grünbaum (1963). Comments on Professor Roger Buck's Paper "Reflexive Predictions.". Philosophy of Science 30 (4):370-372.
  45.  15 DLs
    Adolf Grünbaum & Allen I. Janis (1977). The Geometry of the Rotating Disk in the Special Theory of Relativity. Synthese 34 (3):281 - 299.
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  46.  15 DLs
    Adolf Grünbaum (1997). Robert E. Butts: In Memoriam. [REVIEW] Erkenntnis 47 (1):1-2.
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  47.  15 DLs
    Adolf Grunbaum (1973). Geometrodynamics and Ontology. Journal of Philosophy 70 (21):775-800.
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  48.  15 DLs
    Adolf Grunbaum (1960). The Duhemian Argument. Philosophy of Science 27 (1):75 - 87.
    This paper offers a refutation of P. Duhem's thesis that the falsifiability of an isolated empirical hypothesis H as an explanans is unavoidably inconclusive. Its central contentions are the following: 1. No general features of the logic of falsifiability can assure, for every isolated empirical hypothesis H and independently of the domain to which it pertains, that H can always be preserved as an explanans of any empirical findings O whatever by some modification of the auxiliary assumptions A in conjunction (...)
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  49.  14 DLs
    Adolf Grunbaum (1983). Is Object-Relations Theory Better Founded Than Orthodox Psychoanalysis? A Reply to Jane Flax. Journal of Philosophy 80 (1):46-51.
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  50.  14 DLs
    Adolf Grünbaum (1983). Freud's Theory: The Perspective of a Philosopher of Science. Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 57 (1):5 - 31.
    With respect to the reproach by habermas and ricoeur that freud will fall prey to a "scientistic self-misunderstanding" i submit that it was not freud, but these hermeneuticians themselves, who forced the clinical theory of psychoanalysis onto the procrustean bed of a philosophical ideology demonstrably alien to it. as against the generic "disavowal" of causal attributions advocated by some hermeneuticians, i maintain that it is a nihilistic, if not frivolous, trivialization of freud's entire clinical theory. far from serving as a (...)
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