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Alan Holland [32]A. J. Holland [12]A. Holland [8]Alan J. Holland [2]
Anthony J. Holland [2]Aaron Holland [1]AmsterdamNorth Holland [1]A. V. Holland [1]

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Profile: Ashley Holland (Pennsylvania State University)
Profile: Anna Holland (Southern Illinois University at Edwardsville)
  1. Ron Chrisley & Andy Holland, Connectionist Synthetic Epistemology: Requirements for the Development of Objectivity.
    A connectionist system that is capable of learning about the spatial structure of a simple world is used for the purposes of synthetic epistemology: the creation and analysis of artificial systems in order to clarify philosophical issues that arise in the explanation of how agents, both natural and artificial, represent the world. In this case, the issues to be clarified focus on the content of representational states that exist prior to a fully objective understanding of a spatial domain. In particular, (...)
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  2. AmsterdamNorth Holland, Burgess on Plural Logic and Set Theory.
    John Burgess (Burgess, 2004) combines plural logic and a new version of the idea of limitation of size to give an elegant motivation of the axioms of ZFC set theory. His proposal is meant to improve on earlier work by Paul Bernays in two ways. I argue that both attempted improvements fail.
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  3. William Grey, David Bennett, Kate Rawles & Alan Holland (forthcoming). Richard Sylvan. Environmental Values.
     
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  4. A. Holland (forthcoming). Natural Capital+ Philosophy and the Natural-Environment. Philosophy.
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  5. Alyson V. F. Holland & Timothy A. Holland (2015). Response to the Case of Short-Term International Development Work. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 12 (1):155-156.
    The conventional approach to international development by civil society—that is, the installation of “Western” programs and institutions by “Western” groups in “underdeveloped” regions—has remained largely unchanged since global poverty reduction, whether for political or social justice motivations, gained prominence in public discourse after World War II. Yet poverty rates, literacy, life expectancy, and unemployment in one of the poorest regions of the world, sub-Saharan Africa, has remained the same if not worsened since the 1970s . And, still, the great Development (...)
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  6. C. J. McAllister, C. L. Kelly, K. E. Manning & A. J. Holland (2013). Participant Experience of Invasive Research in Adults with Intellectual Disability. Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (9):594-597.
    Clinical research is a necessity if effective and safe treatments are to be developed. However, this may well include the need for research that is best described as ‘invasive’ in that it may be associated with some discomfort or inconvenience. Limitations in the undertaking of invasive research involving people with intellectual disabilities (ID) are perhaps related to anxieties within the academic community and among ethics committees; however, the consequence of this neglect is that innovative treatments specific to people with ID (...)
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  7. Isis Brook, Mark Whitehead, Katie Mcshane, Clive L. Spash, Robin Attfield, Daniel Baskind, Robert Heath French, Kerry Walker, John Cottingham & Alan Holland (2011). Index to Environmental Values Volume 20, 2011. Environmental Values 20:573-576.
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  8. Alan Holland (2011). What Do We Do About Bleakness? Environmental Values 20 (3):315 - 321.
    In response to Robin Attfield, I am inclined, still, (a) to claim that the concept of value cannot do the kind of comparative work that he asks it to do; (b) to doubt that the value of our world can be founded on the flourishing to be found there; and (c) to believe that there is enough in the world to be glad about even if it does not contain a preponderance of value. In response to John Cottingham, (a) I (...)
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  9. Alan Holland (2011). Why It is Important to Take Account of History. Ethics, Policy and Environment 14 (3):377 - 392.
    Ethics, Policy & Environment, Volume 14, Issue 3, Page 377-392, October 2011.
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  10. Alan Holland (2010). Agriculture. Dialogue and Universalism 20 (11-12):9-20.
    Since agriculture constitutes what is probably humankind’s most extensive and prolonged engagement with the natural world, the scant attention paid to it in much of the environmental ethics literature represents something of a paradox. This paper is an attempt to address that paradox. First we offer some explanations for this neglect, tracing it to some key features of environmental ethics as it is currently practised. Then we identify some hopeful signs that things are changing in a direction that is more (...)
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  11. Alan Holland (2009). Darwin and the Meaning in Life. Environmental Values 18 (4):503 - 518.
    It has often been thought, and has recently been argued, that one of the most profound impacts of Darwin's theory of evolution is the threat that it poses to the very possibility of living a meaningful, and therefore worthwhile, life. Three attempts to ground the possibility of a meaningful life are considered. The first two are compatible with an exclusively Darwinian worldview. One is based on the belief that Darwinian evolution is, in some sense, progressive; the other is based on (...)
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  12. Alan Holland (2009). Review of David Schmidtz, Person, Polis, Planet: Essays in Applied Philosophy. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2009 (5).
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  13. Michael C. Dunn, Isabel C. H. Clare & Anthony J. Holland (2008). Substitute Decision-Making for Adults with Intellectual Disabilities Living in Residential Care: Learning Through Experience. [REVIEW] Health Care Analysis 16 (1):52-64.
    In the UK, current policies and services for people with mental disorders, including those with intellectual disabilities (ID), presume that these men and women can, do, and should, make decisions for themselves. The new Mental Capacity Act (England and Wales) 2005 (MCA) sets this presumption into statute, and codifies how decisions relating to health and welfare should be made for those adults judged unable to make one or more such decisions autonomously. The MCA uses a procedural checklist to guide this (...)
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  14. Alan Holland (2006). Unstable Cliffs. Environmental Values 15 (4):423 - 424.
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  15. Alan Holland & J. O'Neill, Yew Trees, Butterflies, Rotting Boots and Washing Lines : The Importance of Narrative.
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  16. Alan Holland, Evolution and Purpose : A Response to Herman Daly.
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  17. Alan Holland, Madonna R. Adams, Giovanni Casertano, Lynda G. Clarke, Edward Halper, Michael W. Herren, Helen Karabatzaki, Emile F. Kutash, Teresa Kwiatkowska, Parviz Morewedge, Rosmarie Thee Morewedge, Lorina Quartarone, Livio Rossetti, Daryl M. Tress, Valentina Vincenti & Hideya Yamakawa (2002). Thinking About the Environment: Our Debt to the Classical and Medieval Past. Lexington Books.
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  18. Aaron Holland (2001). Consistency in Presuming Agnosticism. Philo 4 (1):82-89.
    According to the presumption of atheism, we are to presume disbelief unless agnosticism or theism can be adequately defended. In this paper I will defend the presumption of atheism against a popular objection made by Thomas Morris and elucidate an insuperable difficulty for any attempt to argue for a presumption of agnosticism.
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  19. Alan Holland, Am Anfang War Das Wort : Eine Kritik von Informationsmetaphern in der Genetik [In the Beginning Was the Word? : A Critique of the Information Metaphor in Genetics].
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  20. Alan Holland, Sustainability.
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  21. A. Holland, Ecological Integrity and the Darwinian Paradigm.
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  22. A. Holland, Introduction and Interleaved Commentary.
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  23. A. Holland, & J. O'neill, Conservation: Out of the Wilderness.
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  24. A. Holland, P. Crabbe, L. Ryszkowski & L. Westra, Implementing Ecological Integrity : Restoring Regional and Global Enivronmental and Human Health.
  25. Alan Holland, Review of 'In Nature's Interests?' by G. Varner. [REVIEW]
  26. Keekok Lee, , Alan Holland, & Desmond McNeill, Global Sustainable Development in the 21st Century.
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  27. Keekok Lee, A. J. Holland & Desmond Mcneill (2000). Global Sustainable Development in the Twenty-First Century.
     
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  28. A. Holland, Environmental Philosophy.
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  29. A. J. Holland, Sustainability : Should We Start From Here?
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  30. A. J. Holland & J. Wong (1999). Genetically Determined Obesity in Prader-Willi Syndrome: The Ethics and Legality of Treatment. Journal of Medical Ethics 25 (3):230-236.
    A central characteristic of people with Prader-Willi Syndrome (PWS) is an apparent insatiable appetite leading to severe overeating and the potential for marked obesity and associated serious health problems and premature death. This behaviour may be due to the effects of the genetic defect resulting from the chromosome 15 abnormalities associated with the syndrome. We examine the ethical and legal dilemmas that can arise in the care of people with PWS. A tension exists between a genetic deterministic perspective and that (...)
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  31. J. O'Neill & A. J. Holland, Two Approaches to Biodiversity Value.
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  32. Alan Holland (1998). Genetically Based Handicap. Journal of Applied Philosophy 15 (2):119–132.
    It is unclear what we should make of a policy designed to eradicate' genetically based handicap, and in particular whether it constitutes discrimination against people with a genetic handicap. After brief reference to the legal position, four arguments are examined which purport to justify differential treatment of handicapped lives either before conception or before birth: the argument from genetic error', the argument from parental responsibility, the argument from social consequences and the argument from impersonal harm. Weaknesses are detected in each (...)
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  33. Gail A. Eisnitz, Moira Ferguson, Elizabeth Hess, Barbara Hodgson, Alan Holland, Andrew Johnson, James M. Jasper, Joanne Elizabeth Lauck, Randall Lockwood & Frank Ascione (1997). Cleveland Amory Ranch of Dreams Middlesex, UK: Viking Penguin, 1997, 288 Pp. Susan G. Davis Spectacular Nature: Corporate Culture and the Sea World Experience. [REVIEW] Ethics and Behavior 7:2.
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  34. Laura Westra, Thomas M. Robinson, Madonna R. Adams, Donald N. Blakeley, C. W. DeMarco, Owen Goldin, Alan Holland, Timothy A. Mahoney, Mohan Matten, M. Oelschlaeger, Anthony Preus, J. M. Rist, T. M. Robinson, Richard Shearman & Daryl McGowan Tress (1997). The Greeks and the Environment. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    Environmental ethicists have frequently criticized ancient Greek philosophy as anti-environmental for a view of philosophy that is counterproductive to environmental ethics and a view of the world that puts nature at the disposal of people. This provocative collection of original essays reexamines the views of nature and ecology found in the thought of Plato, Aristotle, the Stoics, and Plotinus. Recognizing that these thinkers were not confronted with the environmental degradation that threatens contemporary philosophers, the contributors to this book find that (...)
     
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  35. Alan Holland & British Association of Nature Conservationists (1996). Nature, Every Last Drop, is Good. Department of Philosophy, Lancaster University.
     
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  36. Alan Holland, John O'neill & British Association of Nature Conservationists (1996). The Integrity of Nature Over Time Some Problems. Department of Philosophy, Lancaster University.
     
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  37. K. Rawles & A. Holland (1996). Richard Sylvan-Obituary. Environmental Values 5 (3):266-266.
     
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  38. Michael Hammond & Alan Holland (1995). Ecosystem Health: Some Prognostications. Environmental Values 4 (4):283 - 286.
  39. Alan Holland (1994). Natural Capital. Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 36:169-182.
    Interest in the concept of natural capital stems from the key role which this concept plays in certain attempts to elucidate the goal of sustainable development—a goal which currently preoccupies environmental policy-makers. My purpose in this paper is to examine the viability of what, adapting an expression of Bryan Norton's, may be termed the ‘social scientific approach’ to natural capital . This approach largely determines the way in which environmental concern is currently being represented in the environmental policy community.
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  40. A. V. Holland (1992). Book Review : Strenuous Commands: The Ethic of Jesus, By A. E. Harvey. London, SCM Press, 1990. Viii + 248 Pp. 12.50. [REVIEW] Studies in Christian Ethics 5 (1):71-73.
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  41. Alan Holland (1990). A Fortnight of My Life is Missing: A Discussion of the Status of the Human 'Pre-Embryo'. Journal of Applied Philosophy 7 (1):25-37.
    ABSTRACT Summed up in the coinage of the term ‘pre‐embryo’is the denial that human beings, as such, begin to exist from the moment of conception. This denial, which may be thought to have significant moral implications, rests on two kinds of reason. The first is that the pre‐embryo lacks the characteristics of a human being. The second is that the pre‐embryo lacks what it takes to be an individual human being. The first reason, I argue, embodies an untenable view of (...)
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  42. Alan Holland (1988). Taking Darwin Seriously. Philosophical Books 29 (2):116-117.
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  43. Ralph Blunden & Alan J. Holland (1986). Correspondence. Journal of Applied Philosophy 3 (1):145-148.
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  44. Alan Holland (1986). Invitation to Philosophy. Philosophical Books 27 (3):156-158.
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  45. Alan J. Holland (1984). On Behalf of Moderate Speciesism. Journal of Applied Philosophy 1 (2):281-291.
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  46. Alan Holland & Anthony O'Hear (1984). On What Makes an Epistemology Evolutionary. Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 58:177 - 217.
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  47. Alan Holland (1978). Carnap on Frege on Indirect Reference. Analysis 38 (1):24 - 32.
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  48. A. J. Holland (1977). Can Mannison Avoid a Causal Theory of Knowledge? Philosophical Quarterly 27 (107):158-161.
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  49. A. J. Holland (1977). Memory and Mind. Philosophical Books 18 (3):132-133.
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