Search results for 'A. Imre' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. A. R. Imre & J. Bogaert (2004). The Fractal Dimension as a Measure of the Quality of Habitats. Acta Biotheoretica 52 (1).score: 240.0
    Habitat fragmentation produces isolated patches characterized by increased edge effects from an originally continuous habitat. The shapes of these patches often show a high degree of irregularity: their shapes deviate significantly from regular geometrical shapes such as rectangular and elliptical ones. In fractal theory, the geometry of patches created by a common landscape transformation process should be statistically similar, i.e. their fractal dimensions and their form factors should be equal. In this paper, we analyze 49 woodlot fragments (Pinus sylvestris L.) (...)
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  2. A. R. Imre (2001). About the Ranking of Isolated Habitats with Different Shapes: An Interior-to-Edge Ratio Study. Acta Biotheoretica 49 (2).score: 150.0
    Isolated habitats can be compared and ranked by comparing their interior-to-edge ratio (I/E). We would like to show here that results based on ranking by I/E ratio sometimes contradict Diamond's rule, which ranks the most rounded habitat (i.e. most compact) as the best one. The reason for this contradiction is the frequently overlooked size dependence of the I/E. Being the interior-to-edge ratio size dependent, from a given set of habitats of different sizes, compact shaped (rounded) habitats might have worse I/E (...)
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  3. A. Imre (1999). Ideas in Theoretical Biology - Comment About the Fractality of the Lung. Acta Biotheoretica 47 (1).score: 150.0
    It is generally believed, that when the surface/volume ratio is high, fractal structure is expected to exist. The branched fractal structure of the lung has been cited as a classical example of this statement. In this short paper I would like to demonstrate that an alternative lung structure (namely sponge-like fractal) is at least as good as, or even better than the branched one, concerning this ratio, therefore, the cause of the lung''s fractality lies elsewhere.
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  4. Attila R. Imre & Duccio Rocchini (2009). Explicitly Accounting for Pixel Dimension in Calculating Classical and Fractal Landscape Shape Metrics. Acta Biotheoretica 57 (3).score: 60.0
    Different summarized shape indices, like mean shape index (MSI) and area weighted mean shape index (AWMSI) can change over multiple size scales. This variation is important to describe scale heterogeneity of landscapes, but the exact mathematical form of the dependence is rarely known. In this paper, the use of fractal geometry (by the perimeter and area Hausdorff dimensions) made us able to describe the scale dependence of these indices. Moreover, we showed how fractal dimensions can be deducted from existing MSI (...)
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  5. Attila R. Imre (2006). Compactness Versus Interior-to-Edge Ratio; Two Approaches for Habitat's Ranking. Acta Biotheoretica 54 (1).score: 60.0
    In landscape ecology spatial descriptors (or indices) can be used to characterize habitats. Some of these descriptors can be used for habitat's ranking; this ranking is very important for conservation purposes. We would like to show that two traditional descriptors, namely the compactness and interior-to-edge ratio can give contradictory results. Being the second one is a more relevant descriptor, we would like to propose to avoid the further use the compactness in habitat's ranking.
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  6. A. Baltas (1989). Louis Althusser and Joseph D. Sneed: A Strange Encounter in Philosophy of Science? In Imre Lakatos and Theories of Scientific Change. Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science 111:269-286.score: 39.0
     
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  7. Nicholas Jardine (1978). Essays in Memory of Imre Lakatos Edited by R. S. Cohen, P. K. Feyerabend and M. W. Wartofsky (Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science, Vol. Xxxix; Synthese Library, Vol. 99) D. Reidel, Dordrecht, Holland/Boston, U.S.A., 1976. Xi + 768pp. Cloth $62.00; Paper $34.00. [REVIEW] Philosophy 53 (203):119-.score: 36.0
  8. Da Anapolitanos (1989). Proofs and Refutations: A Reassessment in Imre Lakatos and Theories of Scientific Change. Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science 111:337-345.score: 36.0
     
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  9. M. Cini (1989). Continuity and Discontinuity in the Definition of a Disciplinary Field: The Case of XXth Century in Imre Lakatos and Theories of Scientific Change. Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science 111:83-94.score: 36.0
     
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  10. Y. Goudaroulis (1989). Many-Particle Physics: Calculational Complications That Become a Blessing for Methodology in Imre Lakatos and Theories of Scientific Change. Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science 111:135-145.score: 36.0
     
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  11. D. W. Hands (2002). Reconsidering the Received View of theReceived View'A Review of Michael Friedman's Reconsidering Logical Positivism,; Steve Fuller's Thomas Kuhn: A Philosophical History for Our Times,; and Imre Lakatos and Paul Feyerabend's For and Against Method. Journal of Economic Methodology 9 (1):93-99.score: 36.0
  12. H. Horz (1989). Development of Science as a Change of Types in Imre Lakatos and Theories of Scientific Change. Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science 111:33-46.score: 36.0
     
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  13. T. Jech (1972). Review: Andrzej Mostowski, Imre Lakatos, Recent Results in Set Theory; G. Kreisel, A. Robinson, L. Kalmar, A. Mostowski, Discussion; Andrzej Mostowski, On Some New Metamathematical Results Concerning Set Theory. [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 37 (4):765-766.score: 36.0
  14. Gábor Kutrovátz (2002). Imre Lakatos' Hungarian Dissertation. A Documentation Arranged by Gábor Kutrovátz. In G. Kampis, L.: Kvasz & M. Stöltzner (eds.), Appraising Lakatos: Mathematics, Methodology and the Man. Kluwer. 353--374.score: 36.0
     
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  15. E. Metaxopoulos (1989). A Critical Consideration of the Lakatosian Concepts: Mature and Immature Science in Imre Lakatos and Theories of Scientific Change. Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science 111:203-214.score: 36.0
     
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  16. Cu Moulines (1989). The Emergence of a Research Programme in Classical Thermodynamics in Imre Lakatos and Theories of Scientific Change. Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science 111:111-121.score: 36.0
     
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  17. M. Pera (1989). Methodological Sophisticationism: A Degenerating Project in Imre Lakatos and Theories of Scientific Change. Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science 111:169-187.score: 36.0
     
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  18. E. Rozsos (1997). Rozsos E 1996: Egészégügyi Etikai Példatr (a Collection of Lecture Notes for Qualified Nurses on Ethics in Public Health). Budapest: Haynal Imre Egészégtudományi Egyetem. 178 Pp. Huf347 (Pb). [REVIEW] Nursing Ethics 4 (6).score: 36.0
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  19. Gerald Standley (1974). Review: Fred Sommers, Imre Lakatos, On a Fregean Dogma. [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 39 (2):360-361.score: 36.0
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  20. J. Watkins (1989). The Methodology of Scientific Research Programmes: A Retrospect in Imre Lakatos and Theories of Scientific Change. Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science 111:3-13.score: 36.0
     
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  21. Bryan Mowry (1985). From Galen's Theory to William Harvey's Theory: A Case Study in the Rationality of Scientific Theory Change. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 16 (1):49-82.score: 24.0
    The history of science is that of older theories being challenged and eventually being superseded by newer theories. The rationality of this process of scientific theory change is a central issue in contemporary philosophy of science. This paper aims to elucidate this topic by examining an episode in the history of medical science, namely the change from Galen's theory of the movement of the heart and blood to Harvey’s theory of the circulation of the blood. In Part I the historical (...)
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  22. Imre Toth (2009). “Deus Fons Veritatis”: The Subject and its Freedom. The Ontic Foundation of Mathematical Truth. A Biographical-Theoretical Interview with Gaspare Polizzi. Iris 1 (1):29-80.score: 24.0
    “Deus fons veritatis”: the Subject and its Freedom. The Ontic Foundation of Mathematical Truth is the title of Gaspare Polizzi’s long biographical-theoretical interview with Imre Toth. The interview is divided into eight parts. The first part describes the historical and cultural context in which Toth was formed. A Jew by birth, during the Second World War Toth became a communist and a partisan, enduring prison, torture, and internment in a concentration camp from 1940 until 6 June 1944. In the (...)
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  23. Guy S. Axtell (1993). In the Tracks of the Historicist Movement: Re-Assessing the Carnap-Kuhn Connection. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 24 (1):119-146.score: 21.0
    Thirty years after the publication of Thomas Kuhn’s The Structure of Scientific Revolutions, sharp disagreement persists concerning the implications of Kuhn’s "historicist" challenge to empiricism. I discuss the historicist movement over the past thirty years, and the extent to which the discourse between two branches of the historical school has been influenced by tacit assumptions shared with Rudolf Carnap’s empiricism. I begin with an examination of Carnap’s logicism --his logic of science-- and his 1960 correspondence with Kuhn. I focus on (...)
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  24. Greg Bamford (1996). Popper and His Commentators on the Discovery of Neptune: A Close Shave for the Law of Gravitation? Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 27 (2):207-232.score: 21.0
    Knowledge of residual perturbations in Uranus's orbit led to Neptune's discovery in 1846 rather than the refutation of Newton's law of gravitation. Karl Popper asserts that this case is untypical of science and that the law was at least prima facie falsified. I argue that these assertions are the product of a false, a priori methodological position, 'Weak Popperian Falsificationism' (WPF), and that on the evidence the law was not, and was not considered, prima facie false. Many of Popper's commentators (...)
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  25. András Máté (2006). Árpád Szabó and Imre Lakatos, or the Relation Between History and Philosophy of Mathematics. Perspectives on Science 14 (3):282-301.score: 21.0
    The thirty year long friendship between Imre Lakatos and the classic scholar and historian of mathematics Árpád Szabó had a considerable influence on the ideas, scholarly career and personal life of both scholars. After recalling some relevant facts from their lives, this paper will investigate Szabó's works about the history of pre-Euclidean mathematics and its philosophy. We can find many similarities with Lakatos' philosophy of mathematics and science, both in the self-interpretation of early axiomatic Greek mathematics as Szabó reconstructs (...)
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  26. Deszo Gurka (2006). A Missing Link: The Infuence of László Kalmár's Empirical View on Lakatos' Philosophy of Mathematics. Perspectives on Science 14 (3):263-281.score: 21.0
    The circumstance that the text of Imre Lakatos' doctoral thesis from the University of Debrecen did not survive makes the evaluation of his career in Hungary and the research of aspects of continuity of his lifework difficult. My paper tries to reconstruct these newer aspects of continuity, introducing the influence of László Kalmár the mathematician and his fellow student, and Sándor Karácsony the philosopher and his mentor on Lakatos' work. The connection between the understanding of the empirical basis of (...)
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  27. Ricardo Guzmán Díaz & José Ivanhoe Vélez Herrera (2013). La ciencia a la luz de los memes. Los memes a la luz de la ciencia. Apuntes Filosóficos 21 (41).score: 21.0
    La memética es una disciplina joven que se inscribe en el campo de las teorías de la evolución cultural y que busca extrapolar hipótesis darwinianas de selección natural al campo de las ideas, proponiendo la existencia de replicadores culturales llamados memes. En el presente artículo se hace una revisión histórica de dicha disciplina, se examina la contribución que puede ofrecer a las teorías del cambio científico de Thomas Kuhn, Imre Lakatos y Edgar Morin y se hace una evaluación de (...)
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  28. Ernesto Fabbricatore (2011). Una valoración de la metodología de Imre Lakatos desde la práctica científica contemporánea. Laguna: Revista de Filosofía 29:9-24.score: 21.0
    El artículo pretende analizar la metodología de los programas de investigación de Imre Lakatos a la luz de la ciencia contemporánea. Tomando como base las encuestas realizadas a un grupo de físicos del CERN, se constata que las sugerencias de Lakatos sobre el progreso en la ciencia, esto es, sobre cómo determinar el carácter progresivo o no de un programa de investigación, entran en colisión con la práctica cientí? ca. La conclusión es que el modelo lakatosiano no es un (...)
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  29. J. Kadvany (2012). Chocolate and Chess (Unlocking Lakatos). [REVIEW] Philosophy of the Social Sciences 42 (2):276-286.score: 18.0
    Chocolate and Chess (Unlocking Lakatos) tells the fascinating story of Imre Lakatos’ life in Hungary before his flight to England following the failed 1956 Hungarian Revolution. The book focuses on Lakatos’ role as a political functionary under Hungarian Stalinism, and compiles what is known of Lakatos’ role in the induced suicide of a young woman, Éva Iszák, at the end of World War II. This historical and biographical study provides essential background for appreciating Lakatos’ cross-cultural role as a philosopher (...)
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  30. Kurt Bayertz (1991). Forschungsprogramm Und WissenschaftsentwicklungResearch Programme and Development of Science. Journal for General Philosophy of Science 22 (2):229-243.score: 18.0
    Summary For Imre Lakatos hismethodology of scientific research programmes was not only a philosophical theory of science and scientific change but also the conceptual foundation of empirical and historical studies of science. At least terminologically this view is today widely accepted: The concept of aresearch programme is used in all sorts of literature on science. In the present paper I argue that this concept can lead to serious distortions of empirical and historical studies of science if it is not (...)
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  31. Kurt Bayertz (1991). Forschungsprogramm Und Wissenschaftsentwicklung. Journal for General Philosophy of Science 22 (2):229 - 243.score: 18.0
    Research Programme and Development of Science. For Imre Lakatos his methodology of scientific research programmes was not only a philosophical theory of science and scientific change but also the conceptual foundation of empirical and historical studies of science. At least terminologically this view is today widely accepted: The concept of a research programme is used in all sorts of literature on science. In the present paper I argue that this concept can lead to serious distortions of empirical and historical (...)
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  32. Imre Lakatos (1976). Proofs and Refutations: The Logic of Mathematical Discovery. Cambridge University Press.score: 15.0
    Proofs and Refutations is essential reading for all those interested in the methodology, the philosophy and the history of mathematics. Much of the book takes the form of a discussion between a teacher and his students. They propose various solutions to some mathematical problems and investigate the strengths and weaknesses of these solutions. Their discussion (which mirrors certain real developments in the history of mathematics) raises some philosophical problems and some problems about the nature of mathematical discovery or creativity. (...) Lakatos is concerned throughout to combat the classical picture of mathematical development as a steady accumulation of established truths. He shows that mathematics grows instead through a richer, more dramatic process of the successive improvement of creative hypotheses by attempts to 'prove' them and by criticism of these attempts: the logic of proofs and refutations. (shrink)
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  33. Imre Lakatos, Paul Feyerabend & Matteo Motterlini (2000). For and Against Method: Including Lakatos's Lectures on Scientific Method and the Lakatos-Feyerabend Correspondence. University of Chicago Press.score: 15.0
    The work that helped to determine Paul Feyerabend's fame and notoriety, Against Method,stemmed from Imre Lakatos's challenge: "In 1970 Imre cornered me at a party. 'Paul,' he said, 'you have such strange ideas.
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  34. Imre Lakatos (1978). The Methodology of Scientific Research Programmes. Cambridge University Press.score: 15.0
    Imre Lakatos' philosophical and scientific papers are published here in two volumes. Volume I brings together his very influential but scattered papers on the philosophy of the physical sciences, and includes one important unpublished essay on the effect of Newton's scientific achievement. Volume II presents his work on the philosophy of mathematics (much of it unpublished), together with some critical essays on contemporary philosophers of science and some famous polemical writings on political and educational issues. Imre Lakatos had (...)
     
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  35. Hubert L. Dreyfus (1985). From Socrates to Expert Systems: The Limits and Dangers of Calculative Rationality. In Carl Mitcham & Alois Huning (eds.), Philosophy and Technology II: Information Technology and Computers in Theory and Practice. Reidel.score: 12.0
    Actual AI research began auspiciously around 1955 with Allen Newell and Herbert Simon's work at the RAND Corporation. Newell and Simon proved that computers could do more than calculate. They demonstrated that computers were physical symbol systems whose symbols could be made to stand for anything, including features of the real world, and whose programs could be used as rules for relating these features. In this way computers could be used to simulate certain important aspects intelligence. Thus the information-processing model (...)
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  36. Greg Bamford (1989). Popper, Refutation and 'Avoidance' of Refutation. Dissertation, The University of Queenslandscore: 12.0
    Popper's account of refutation is the linchpin of his famous view that the method of science is the method of conjecture and refutation. This thesis critically examines his account of refutation, and in particular the practice he deprecates as avoiding a refutation. I try to explain how he comes to hold the views that he does about these matters; how he seeks to make them plausible; how he has influenced others to accept his mistakes, and how some of the ideas (...)
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  37. Pablo Gilabert (2007). Comentarios Sobre la Concepcion de la Justicia Global de Pogge. Revista Latinoamericana de Filosofia 33 (2):205-222.score: 12.0
    This paper presents a reconstruction of and some constructive comments on Thomas Pogge’s conception of global justice. Using Imre Lakatos’s notion of a research program, the paper identifies Pogge’s “hard core” and “protective belt” claims regarding the scope of fundamental principles of justice, the object and structure of duties of global justice, the explanation of world poverty, and the appropriate reforms to the existing global order. The paper recommends some amendments to Pogge’s program in each of the four areas.
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  38. Peter Godfrey-Smith (2003). Theory and Reality: An Introduction to the Philosophy of Science. University of Chicago Press.score: 12.0
    How does science work? Does it tell us what the world is "really" like? What makes it different from other ways of understanding the universe? In Theory and Reality , Peter Godfrey-Smith addresses these questions by taking the reader on a grand tour of one hundred years of debate about science. The result is a completely accessible introduction to the main themes of the philosophy of science. Intended for undergraduates and general readers with no prior background in philosophy, Theory and (...)
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  39. John Losee (2004). Theories of Scientific Progress: An Introduction. Routledge.score: 12.0
    What is the nature of scientific progress, and what makes it possible? When we look back at the scientific theories of the past and compare them to the state of science today, there seems little doubt that we have made progress. But how have we made this progress? Is it a continuous process, which gradually incorporates past successes into present theories, or are entrenched theories overthrown by superior competitors in a revolutionary manner? Theories of Scientific Progress presents the arguments for (...)
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  40. Bijoy Mukherjee (2012). Experiments and Research Programmes. Revisiting Vitalism/Non-Vitalism Debate in Early Twentieth Century. ARGUMENT 2 (1):171-197.score: 12.0
    Debates in the philosophy of science typically take place around issues such as realism and theory change. Recently, the debate has been reformulated to bring in the role of experiments in the context of theory change. As regards realism, Ian Hacking’s contribution has been to introduce ‘intervention’ as the basis of realism. He also proposed, following Imre Lakatos, to replace the issue of truth with progress and rationality. In this context we examine the case of the vitalism — reductionism (...)
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  41. Peter Godfrey-Smith, The Evolution of the Individual.score: 12.0
    Sometimes themes can be found in common across very different systems in which change occurs. Imre Lakatos developed a theory of change in science, and one involving entities visible at different levels. There are theories defended at a particular time, and there are also research programs, larger units that bundle together a sequence of related theories and within which many scientists may work. Research programs are competing higher-level units within a scientific field. Scientific change involves change within research programs, (...)
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  42. Bence Nanay (2010). Rational Reconstruction Reconsidered. The Monist 93 (4):598-617.score: 12.0
    Here is a dilemma concerning the history of science. Can the history of scientific thought be reduced to the history of the beliefs, motives and actions of scientists? Or should we think of the history of scientific thought as in some sense independent from the history of scientists? The aim of this paper is to carve out an intermediate position between these two. I will argue that the history of scientific thought supervenes on, but not reducible to, the history of (...)
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  43. Imre Lakatos (1976). A Renaissance of Empiricism in the Recent Philosophy of Mathematics. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 27 (3):201-223.score: 12.0
  44. Eric Palmer (1993). Lakatos’ “Internal History” as Historiography. Perspectives on Science 1 (4).score: 12.0
    Imre Lakatos' conception of the history of science is explicated with the purpose of replying to criticism leveled against it by Thomas Kuhn, Ian Hacking, and others. Kuhn's primary argument is that the historian's internal—external distinction is methodologically superior to Lakatos' because it is "independent" of an analysis of rationality. That distinction, however, appears to be a normative one, harboring an implicit and unarticulated appeal to rationality, despite Kuhn's claims to the contrary. Lakatos' history, by contrast, is clearly the (...)
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  45. John Wettersten (2004). Searching for the Holy in the Ascent of Imre Lakatos. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 34 (1):84-150.score: 12.0
    Bernard Lavor and John Kadvany argue that Lakatos’s Hegelian approach to the philosophy of mathematics and science enabled him to overcome all competing philosophies. His use of the approach Hegel developed in his Phenomenology enabled him to show how mathematics and science develop, how they are open-ended, and that they are not subject to rules, even though their rationality may be understood after the fact. Hegel showed Lakatos how to falsify the past to make progress in the present. A critique (...)
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  46. Brendan Larvor (2001). What is Dialectical Philosophy of Mathematics? Philosophia Mathematica 9 (2):212-229.score: 12.0
    The late Imre Lakatos once hoped to found a school of dialectical philosophy of mathematics. The aim of this paper is to ask what that might possibly mean. But Lakatos's philosophy has serious shortcomings. The paper elaborates a conception of dialectical philosophy of mathematics that repairs these defects and considers the work of three philosophers who in some measure fit the description: Yehuda Rav, Mary Leng and David Corfield.
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  47. Peter Machamer & Franccsca Di Poppa (2001). Rational Reconstructions Revised. Theoria 16 (3):461-480.score: 12.0
    Imre Lakatos’ idea that history of science without philosophy of science is blind may still be given a plausible interpretation today, even though his theory of the methodology of scientific research programmes has been rejected. The latter theory captures neither rationality in science nor the sense in which history must be told in a rational fashion. Nonetheless, Lakatos was right in insisting that the discipline of history consists of written rational reconstructions. In this paper, we will examine possible ways (...)
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  48. Jerome R. Ravetz (2004). An Hungarian Tragedy. Inquiry 47 (4):413 – 422.score: 12.0
    In spite of being a very public intellectual, the philosopher Imre Lakatos (who died in 1974) was little understood. His Hungarian background seemed irrelevant to his career at the London School of Economics as the colleague and then successor to Sir Karl Popper. In Imre Lakatos and The Guises of Reason, John Kadvany demonstrates the overwhelming importance of Lakatos's Hungarian background, and thereby also explains and illuminates Lakatos's philosophy. His study also demonstrates the power of Hegel's thought as (...)
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  49. Mehmet Elgin (2007). Falsificationism Revisited. The Proceedings of the Twenty-First World Congress of Philosophy 5:101-106.score: 12.0
    Much ink has been spent on Popper's falsificationism. Why, then, am I writing another paper on this subject? This paper is neither a new kind of criticism nor a new kind of defense of falsificationism. Recent debate about the legitimacy of adaptationism among biologists centers on the question of whether Popper's falsificationism or Lakatos' methodology of scientific research programs (SRP) is adequate in understanding science. S. Jay Gould and Richard C. Lewontin (1978) argue that adaptationism is unfalsifiable since it easily (...)
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  50. Brendan Larvor (1998). Lakatos: An Introduction. Routledge.score: 12.0
    Lakatos: An Introduction is the first comprehensive analysis on the intellectual life and theories of the distinguished thinker Imre Lakatos. This book clearly presents Lakatos's development of a philosophy of mathematics and empirical science, Lakatos's thought as an important hybrid of Popperian philosophy and Hegelian-Marxist thought, the relationship between Lakatos's views on science and mathematics and his more general philosophical beliefs. Brendan Larvor clearly locates Lakatos in the liberal-rationalist tradition and explains connections between the philosopher's life, philosophy, politics, and (...)
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