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Profile: A. John Simmons (University of Virginia)
  1. A. John Simmons (2010). Ideal and Nonideal Theory. Philosophy and Public Affairs 38 (1):5-36.
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  2. A. John Simmons (1999). Justification and Legitimacy. Ethics 109 (4):739-771.
    In this essay I will discuss the relationship between two of the most basic ideas in political and legal philosophy: the justification of the state and state legitimacy. I plainly cannot aspire here to a complete account of these matters; but I hope to be able to say enough to motivate a way of thinking about the relation between these notions that is, I believe, superior to the approach which seems to be dominant in contemporary political philosophy. Today showing that (...)
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  3. A. John Simmons (1979). Moral Principles and Political Obligations. Princeton University Press.
    Every political theorist will need this book . . . . It is more 'important' than 90% of the work published in philosophy."--Joel Feinberg, University of Arizona.
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  4. A. John Simmons (2003). Justification and Legitimacy: Essays on Rights and Obligations. Law and Philosophy 22 (2):195-216.
    A. John Simmons is widely regarded as one of the most innovative and creative of today's political philosophers. His work on political obligation is regarded as definitive and he is also internationally respected as an interpreter of John Locke. The characteristic features of clear argumentation and careful scholarship that have been hallmarks of his philosophy are everywhere evident in this collection. The essays focus on the problems of political obligation and state legitimacy as well as on historical theories of property (...)
     
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  5. A. John Simmons (2008). Political Philosophy. Oxford University Press.
    The most recent addition to the Fundamentals of Philosophy Series, Political Philosophy is a concise yet thorough and highly engaging introduction to the essential problems of the discipline. Organized topically and presented in a straightforward manner by an eminent political philosopher, A. John Simmons, it investigates the nature and basis of political authority and the structure and organization of political life. Each chapter focuses on a central problem, considers how it could be addressed, and outlines the various philosophical positions surrounding (...)
     
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  6. A. John Simmons (1992). The Lockean Theory of Rights. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
     
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  7.  86
    A. John Simmons (1996). Associative Political Obligations. Ethics 106 (2):247-273.
    It is claimed by philosophers as diverse as Burke, Walzer, Dworkin, and MacIntyre that our political obligations are best understood as "associative" or "communal" obligations--that is, as obligations that require neither voluntary undertaking nor justification by "external" moral principles, but rather as "local" moral responsibilities whose normative weight derives entirely from their assignment by social practice. This paper identifies three primary lines of argument that appear to support such assertions: conceptual arguments, the arguments of nonvoluntarist contract theory, and communitarian arguments (...)
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  8.  57
    A. John Simmons (2013). Democratic Authority and the Boundary Problem. Ratio Juris 26 (3):326-357.
    Theories of political authority divide naturally into those that locate the source of states' authority in the history of states' interactions with their subjects and those that locate it in structural (or functional) features of states (such as the justice of their basic institutions). This paper argues that purely structuralist theories of political authority (such as those defended by Kant, Rawls, and contemporary “democratic Kantians”) must fail because of their inability to solve the boundary problem—namely, the problem of locating the (...)
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  9. Tamar Schapiro, A. John Simmons, Seana Valentine Shiffrin, Sarah Buss, Julia Driver, G. F. Schueler, James Montmarquet, Mark van Roojen & Samantha Brennan (1999). 10. Nicholas Rescher, Objectivity: The Obligations of Impersonal Reason Nicholas Rescher, Objectivity: The Obligations of Impersonal Reason (Pp. 917-919). [REVIEW] Ethics 109 (4).
     
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  10. A. John Simmons (2001). On the Territorial Rights of States. Noûs 35 (s1):300-326.
    When officials of some political society portray their state as legitimate - and when do they not! - they intend to be laying claim to a large body of rights, the rights in which their state's legitimacy allegedly consists. The rights claimed are minimally those that states must exercise if they are to retain effective control over their territories and populations in a world composed of numerous autonomous states. Often the rights states are trying to claim in asserting their legitimacy (...)
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  11. A. John Simmons (1991). Locke and the Right to Punish. Philosophy and Public Affairs 20 (4):311-349.
  12. A. John Simmons, Philosophical Anarchism.
    Anarchist political philosophers normally include in their theories (or implicitly rely upon) a vision of a social life very different than the life experienced by most persons today. Theirs is a vision of autonomous, noncoercive, productive interaction among equals, liberated from and without need for distinctively political institutions, such as formal legal systems or governments or the state. This "positive" part of anarchist theories, this vision of the good social life, will be discussed only indirectly in this essay. Rather, I (...)
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  13. A. John Simmons (1976). Tacit Consent and Political Obligation. Philosophy and Public Affairs 5 (3):274-291.
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  14. A. John Simmons (1989). Locke's State of Nature. Political Theory 17 (3):449-470.
  15.  37
    A. John Simmons (1995). Historical Rights and Fair Shares. Law and Philosophy 14 (2):149 - 184.
    My aim of this paper is to clarify, and in a certain very limited way to defend, historical theories of property rights (and their associated theories of social or distributive justice). It is important, I think, to better understand historical rights for several reasons: first, because of the extent to which historical theories capture commonsense, unphilosophical views about property and justice; then, because historical theories have fallen out of philosophical fashion, and are consequently not much scrutinized anymore; and finally, because (...)
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  16.  46
    A. John Simmons (1996). External Justifications and Institutional Roles. Journal of Philosophy 93 (1):28-36.
    In his paper "Role Obligations," Michael Hardimon defends an account of the nature and justification of institutional obligations that he takes to be clearly superior to the "standard" voluntarist view. Hardimon argues that this standard view presents a "misleading and distorted" picture of role obligations (and of morality generally); and in its best form he claims this view still "leaves out" of its understanding of even contractual role obligations an "absolutely vital factor". I argue against Hardimon that a related version (...)
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  17.  92
    A. John Simmons (1987). The Anarchist Position: A Reply to Klosko and Senor. Philosophy and Public Affairs 16 (3):269-279.
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  18.  76
    A. John Simmons (1979). The Principle of Fair Play. Philosophy and Public Affairs 8 (4):307-337.
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  19.  91
    A. John Simmons (1998). “Denisons” and “Aliens”: Locke's Problem of Political Consent. Social Theory and Practice 24 (2):161-182.
    Locke appears to be committed to the peculiar views that native-born residents and visiting aliens have the same political status (since both are tacit consenters) and that real political societies have very few "members" with full rights and duties (since only express consenters seem to be counted as "members"). Locke, however, also subscribes to a principle governing our understanding of the content of vague or inexplicit consent: such consent is consent to all and only that which is necessary to the (...)
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  20.  75
    A. John Simmons (2005). Consent Theory for Libertarians. Social Philosophy and Policy 22 (1):330-356.
    This paper argues that libertarian political philosophers, including Robert Nozick, have erred in neglecting the problem of political obligation and that they ought to embrace an actual consent theory of political obligation and state legitimacy. It argues as well that if they followed this recommendation, their position on the subject would be correct. I identify the tension in libertarian (and especially Nozick's) thought between its minimalist and its consensualist strains and argue that, on libertarianism's own terms, the consensualist strain ought (...)
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  21.  54
    A. John Simmons (1998). Makers' Rights. Journal of Ethics 2 (3):197-218.
    This paper examines the thesis that human labor creates property rights in or from previously unowned objects by virtue of labor's power to make new things. This thesis is considered for two possible roles: first, as a thesis to which John Locke might have been committed in his writings on property; and second, as a thesis of independent plausibility that could serve as part of a defensible contemporary theory of property rights. Understanding Locke as committed to the thesis of makers' (...)
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  22.  80
    A. John Simmons (2009). Locke on the Death Penalty. Philosophy 69 (270):471-.
    Brian Calvert has offered us a clear and careful analysis of Locke's views on punishment and capital punishment. The primary goal of his paper - that of correcting the misperception of Locke as a wholehearted proponent of capital punishment for a wide range of offenses - must be allowed to be both laudable and largely achieved in his discussion. But Calvert's analysis also encourages, I think, a number of serious misunderstandings of Locke's true position.
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    A. John Simmons (1998). “Denisons” and “Aliens”. Social Theory and Practice 24 (2):161-182.
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  24. A. John Simmons (2002). Political Obligation and Authority. In Robert L. Simon (ed.), The Blackwell Guide to Social and Political Philosophy. Blackwell
     
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  25. A. John Simmons (2001). On the Territorial Rights of States. Philosophical Issues 11 (1):300-326.
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  26.  32
    A. John Simmons (1983). Inalienable Rights and Locke's Treatises. Philosophy and Public Affairs 12 (3):175-204.
  27.  13
    A. John Simmons (1987). Consent and Fairness in Planning Land Use. Business and Professional Ethics Journal 6 (2):5-19.
  28.  13
    A. John Simmons (1994). Original-Acquisition Justifications of Private Property. Social Philosophy and Policy 11 (02):63-84.
    My aim in this essay is to explore the nature and force of “original-acquisition” justifications of private property. By “original-acquisition” justifications, I mean those arguments which purport to establish or importantly contribute to the moral defense of private property by: offering a moral/historical account of how legitimate private property rights for persons first arose ; offering a hypothetical or conjectural account of how justified private property could arise from a propertyless condition; or simply defending an account of how an individual (...)
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  29.  23
    A. John Simmons (1998). The Limits of Lockean Rights in Property. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 58 (4):997-999.
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  30.  14
    A. John Simmons (1981). Reasonable Expectations and Obligations: A Reply to Postow. Southern Journal of Philosophy 19 (1):123-127.
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  31.  5
    A. John Simmons (1993). Liberal Impartiality and Political Legitimacy. Philosophical Books 34 (4):213-223.
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  32.  7
    Philip Montague, Hanoch Sheinman, Tort Law & A. John Simmons (2003). Volume22 No. 1 2003. Law and Philosophy 22:629-630.
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  33.  14
    A. John Simmons (1998). Democracy's Discontent. Philosophical Review 107 (1):133-135.
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  34.  2
    A. John Simmons (1995). Part 4. Consent and the Edge of Anarchy. In On the Edge of Anarchy: Locke, Consent, and the Limits of Society. Princeton University Press 193-270.
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  35.  1
    A. John Simmons (1995). Part 1. Nonconsensual Relations. In On the Edge of Anarchy: Locke, Consent, and the Limits of Society. Princeton University Press 11-56.
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  36. A. John Simmons (1984). Book Review:Democratic Theory and Practice. Graeme Duncan. [REVIEW] Ethics 95 (1):151-.
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  37. John Charvet, Joshua Cohen, David Gauthier, M. M. Goldsmith, Jean Hampton, Gregory S. Kavka, Patrick Riley, Arthur Ripstein & A. John Simmons (1998). The Social Contract Theorists: Critical Essays on Hobbes, Locke, and Rousseau. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    This rich collection will introduce students of philosophy and politics to the contemporary critical literature on the classical social contract political thinkers Thomas Hobbes , John Locke , and Jean-Jacques Rousseau . A dozen essays and book excerpts have been selected to guide students through the texts and to introduce them to current scholarly controversies surrounding the contractarian political theories of these three thinkers.
     
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  38. Leslie Green, Kent Greenawalt, Nancy J. Hirschmann, George Klosko, Mark C. Murphy, John Rawls, Joseph Raz, Rolf Sartorius, A. John Simmons, M. B. E. Smith, Philip Soper, Jeremy Waldron, Richard A. Wasserstrom & Robert Paul Wolff (1998). The Duty to Obey the Law: Selected Philosophical Readings. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    The question 'Why should I obey the law?' introduces a contemporary puzzle that is as old as philosophy itself. The puzzle is especially troublesome if we think of cases in which breaking the law is not otherwise wrongful, and in which the chances of getting caught are negligible. Philosophers from Socrates to H.L.A. Hart have struggled to give reasoned support to the idea that we do have a general moral duty to obey the law but, more recently, the greater number (...)
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  39. A. John Simmons (1995). Abbreviations. In On the Edge of Anarchy: Locke, Consent, and the Limits of Society. Princeton University Press
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  40. A. John Simmons (1995). Acknowledgments. In On the Edge of Anarchy: Locke, Consent, and the Limits of Society. Princeton University Press
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  41. A. John Simmons (2016). Boundaries of Authority. Oxford University Press Usa.
    Modern states claim rights of jurisdiction and control over particular geographical areas and their associated natural resources. Boundaries of Authority explores the possible moral bases for such territorial claims by states, in the process arguing that many of these territorial claims in fact lack any moral justification. The book maintains throughout that the requirement of states' justified authority over persons has normative priority over, and as a result severely restricts, the kinds of territorial rights that states can justifiably claim, and (...)
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  42. A. John Simmons (1995). Introduction. In On the Edge of Anarchy: Locke, Consent, and the Limits of Society. Princeton University Press 1-10.
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  43. A. John Simmons (1995). Index. In On the Edge of Anarchy: Locke, Consent, and the Limits of Society. Princeton University Press 285-293.
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  44. A. John Simmons (2000). Justification and Legitimacy: Essays on Rights and Obligations. Cambridge University Press.
    A. John Simmons is widely regarded as one of the most innovative and creative of today's political philosophers. His work on political obligation is regarded as definitive and he is also internationally respected as an interpreter of John Locke. The characteristic features of clear argumentation and careful scholarship that have been hallmarks of his philosophy are everywhere evident in this collection. The essays focus on the problems of political obligation and state legitimacy as well as on historical theories of property (...)
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  45. A. John Simmons, Marshall Cohen, Joshua Cohen & Charles R. Beitz (eds.) (1994). Punishment: A "Philosophy and Public Affairs" Reader. Princeton University Press.
    The problem of justifying legal punishment has been at the heart of legal and social philosophy from the very earliest recorded philosophical texts. However, despite several hundred years of debate, philosophers have not reached agreement about how legal punishment can be morally justified. That is the central issue addressed by the contributors to this volume. All of the essays collected here have been published in the highly respected journal Philosophy & Public Affairs. Taken together, they offer not only significant proposals (...)
     
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  46. A. John Simmons & Jeffrie G. Murphy (1995). Punishment a Philosophy & Public Affairs Reader. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
     
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  47. A. John Simmons (1995). Part 2. Consent and Government. In On the Edge of Anarchy: Locke, Consent, and the Limits of Society. Princeton University Press 57-98.
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  48. A. John Simmons (1995). Part 3. The Limits of Society. In On the Edge of Anarchy: Locke, Consent, and the Limits of Society. Princeton University Press 99-192.
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  49. A. John Simmons (2001). The Conjugal and the Political in Locke. Locke Studies 1:173-189.
     
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  50. A. John Simmons (1995). Works Cited. In On the Edge of Anarchy: Locke, Consent, and the Limits of Society. Princeton University Press 271-284.
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