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  1. Alvaro Moreno, The Impact of the Paradigm of Complexity On the Foundational Frameworks of Biology and Cognitive Science.
    According to the traditional nomological-deductive methodology of physics and chemistry [Hempel and Oppenheim, 1948], explaining a phenomenon means subsuming it under a law. Logic becomes then the glue of explanation and laws the primary explainers. Thus, the scientific study of a system would consist in the development of a logically sound model of it, once the relevant observables (state variables) are identified and the general laws governing their change (expressed as differential equations, state transition rules, maximization/minimization principles,. . . ) (...)
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  2. Alvaro Moreno, Adaptivity: From Metabolism to Behavior.
    In this article, we propose some fundamental requirements for the appearance of adaptivity. We argue that a basic metabolic organization, taken in its minimal sense, may provide the conceptual framework for naturalizing the origin of teleology and normative functionality as it appears in living systems. However, adaptivity also requires the emergence of a regulatory subsystem, which implies a certain form of dynamic decoupling within a globally integrated, autonomous system. Thus, we analyze several forms of minimal adaptivity, including the special case (...)
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  3. Alvaro Moreno, Alife Models as Epistemic Artefacts.
    Both the irreducible complexity of biological phenomena and the aim of a universalized biology (life-as-it-could-be) have lead to a deep methodological shift in the study of life; represented by the appearance of ALife, with its claim that computational modelling is the main tool for studying the general principles of biological phenomenology. However this methodological shift implies important questions concerning the aesthetic, engineering and specially the epistemological status of computational models in scientific research: halfway between the well established categories of theory (...)
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  4. Alvaro Moreno, Essay.
    We attempt to distinguish, in a biological frame, ontogenetical adaptation from learning. Ontogenetical adaptation arises as a second order (sensorimotor) loop on the ground of the operational closure that provides autonomy and reproductive identity to the living system. Adaptation ensures, through perception, the functional correlation between metabolicmotor states and the states of the environment. Learning brings about a qualitative change in regard to adaptation, the most generic and simple form of optimization at an individual scale. It implies the idea of (...)
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  5. Alvaro Moreno, On What Makes Certain Dynamical Systems Cognitive: A Minimally Cognitive Organization Program.
    Dynamicism has provided cognitive science with important tools to understand some aspects of “how cognitive agents work” but the issue of “what makes something cognitive” has not been sufficiently addressed yet and, we argue, the former will never be complete without the latter. Behavioristic characterizations of cognitive properties are criticized in favor of an organizational approach focused on the internal dynamic relationships that constitute cognitive systems. A definition of cognition as adaptive-autonomy in the embodied and situated neurodynamic domain is provided: (...)
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  6. Argyris Arnellos, Alvaro Moreno & Kepa Ruiz-Mirazo (forthcoming). Organizational Requirements for Multicellular Autonomy: Insights From a Comparative Case Study. Biology and Philosophy:1-34.
    In this paper we explore the organizational conditions underlying the emergence of organisms at the multicellular level. More specifically, we shall propose a general theoretical scheme according to which a multicellular organism is an ensemble of cells that effectively regulates its own development through collective (meta-cellular) mechanisms of control of cell differentiation and cell division processes. This theoretical result derives from the detailed study of the ontogenetic development of three multicellular systems (Nostoc punctiforme, Volvox carteri and Strongylocentrotus purpuratus) and, in (...)
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  7. Ar Moreno (forthcoming). Wittgenstein E Os Valores. A Natureza Humana. Revista da Puc/Sp, Campinas.
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  8. Matteo Mossio & Alvaro Moreno (forthcoming). Organisational Closure in Biological Organisms. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences.
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  9. Nei Nunes-Neto, Alvaro Moreno & Charbel N. El-Hani (2014). Function in Ecology: An Organizational Approach. Biology and Philosophy 29 (1):123-141.
    Functional language is ubiquitous in ecology, mainly in the researches about biodiversity and ecosystem function. However, it has not been adequately investigated by ecologists or philosophers of ecology. In the contemporary philosophy of ecology we can recognize a kind of implicit consensus about this issue: while the etiological approaches cannot offer a good concept of function in ecology, Cummins’ systemic approach can. Here we propose to go beyond this implicit consensus, because we think these approaches are not adequate for ecology. (...)
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  10. Alvaro Moreno & Matteo Mossio, The Autonomy of Living Systems: A Philosophical Enquiry Into Biological Organization.
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  11. Matteo Mossio, Leonardo Bich & Alvaro Moreno (2013). Emergence, Closure and Inter-Level Causation in Biological Systems. Erkenntnis 78 (2):153-178.
    In this paper, we advocate the idea that an adequate explanation of biological systems requires appealing to organizational closure as an emergent causal regime. We first develop a theoretical justification of emergence in terms of relatedness, by arguing that configurations, because of the relatedness among their constituents, possess ontologically irreducible properties, providing them with distinctive causal powers. We then focus on those emergent causal powers exerted as constraints, and we claim that biological systems crucially differ from other natural systems in (...)
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  12. Kepa Ruiz-Mirazo & Alvaro Moreno (2013). Synthetic Biology: Challenging Life in Order to Grasp, Use, or Extend It. Biological Theory 8 (4):376-382.
    In this short contribution we explore the historical roots of recent synthetic approaches in biology and try to assess their real potential, as well as identify future hurdles or the reasons behind some of the main difficulties they currently face. We suggest that part of these difficulties might not be just the result of our present lack of adequate technical skills or understanding, but could spring directly from the nature of the biological phenomenon itself. In particular, if life is conceived (...)
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  13. Argyris Arnellos & Álvaro Moreno (2012). How Functional Differentiation Originated in Prebiotic Evolution. Ludus Vitalis 20 (37):1-23.
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  14. Agustín Moreno (2012). Los datos geográficos en la obra de Tito Livio, un estado de la cuestión. Circe de Clásicos y Modernos 16 (1):15-29.
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  15. Kepa Ruiz-Mirazo & Alvaro Moreno (2012). Autonomy in Evolution: From Minimal to Complex Life. Synthese 185 (1):21-52.
    Our aim in the present paper is to approach the nature of life from the perspective of autonomy, showing that this perspective can be helpful for overcoming the traditional Cartesian gap between the physical and cognitive domains. We first argue that, although the phenomenon of life manifests itself as highly complex and multidimensional, requiring various levels of description, individual organisms constitute the core of this multifarious phenomenology. Thereafter, our discussion focuses on the nature of the organization of individual living entities, (...)
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  16. C. Saborido, M. Mossio & A. Moreno (2011). Biological Organization and Cross-Generation Functions. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 62 (3):583-606.
    The organizational account of biological functions interprets functions as contributions of a trait to the maintenance of the organization that, in turn, maintains the trait. As has been recently argued, however, the account seems unable to provide a unified grounding for both intra- and cross-generation functions, since the latter do not contribute to the maintenance of the same organization which produces them. To face this ‘ontological problem’, a splitting account has been proposed, according to which the two kinds of functions (...)
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  17. Leonardo Bich, Matteo Mossio & Alvaro Moreno, On the Role of Constraints in the Emergence of Biological Organization.
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  18. Cristian Saborido, Matteo Mossio & Alvaro Moreno (2010). La dimensión teleologica del concepto de función biológica. Teorema 29 (3):31-56.
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  19. Cristian Saborido, Matteo Mossio & Alvaro Moreno (2010). Teleological Dimension of the Concept of Biological Functions of Organization Perspectives. Teorema 29 (3):31-56.
     
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  20. Alfonso Moreno (2009). Art and Archaeology (P.) Guldager Bilde and (V.F.) Stolba Eds Surveying the Greek Chora: The Black Sea Region in a Comparative Perspective. (Black Sea Studies 4). Aarhus: Aarhus University Press, 2006. Pp. 346, Illus. £26.95/€95/$46.95/D.Kr.278. 9788779342385. [REVIEW] Journal of Hellenic Studies 129:217-.
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  21. Alvaro Moreno & Kepa Ruiz-Mirazo (2009). The Problem of the Emergence of Functional Diversity in Prebiotic Evolution. Biology and Philosophy 24 (5):585-605.
    Since Darwin it is widely accepted that natural selection (NS) is the most important mechanism to explain how biological organisms—in their amazing variety—evolve and, therefore, also how the complexity of certain natural systems can increase over time, creating ever new functions or functional structures/relationships. Nevertheless, the way in which NS is conceived within Darwinian Theory already requires an open, wide enough, functional domain where selective forces may act. And, as the present paper will try to show, this becomes even more (...)
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  22. Arley R. Moreno (2009). Pragmática da relação/propriedade interna. Doispontos 6 (1).
    In this article we seek to show that the evolution of the concept of internal relation or internal property expresses a requirement, at the same time ethical and theoretical, which will lead Wittgenstein to the acceptance of pragmatic elements in the once formal field of the transcendental.
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  23. Matteo Mossio, Cristian Saborido & Alvaro Moreno (2009). An Organizational Account of Biological Functions. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 60 (4):813-841.
    In this paper, we develop an organizational account that defines biological functions as causal relations subject to closure in living systems, interpreted as the most typical example of organizationally closed and differentiated self-maintaining systems. We argue that this account adequately grounds the teleological and normative dimensions of functions in the current organization of a system, insofar as it provides an explanation for the existence of the function bearer and, at the same time, identifies in a non-arbitrary way the norms that (...)
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  24. Matteo Mossio, Leonardo Bich & Alvaro Moreno, Constraints and Biological Emergence.
    In our talk we will explore the theoretical role of constraints in the debate about emergence in biological systems. We will first advocate the view according to which a sound account of biological organisation implies the appeal to emergent levels of causation, and we will propose a theoretical justification against existing philosophical criticisms by interpreting emergent causal powers in terms of constraints. In particular, it will be our contention that the concept of constraint, interpreted as the causal power stemming from (...)
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  25. Matteo Mossio & Alvaro Moreno, From Physics to Biology: Constraints, Closure and Organisation.
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  26. Kepa Ruiz-Mirazo, Jon Umerez & Alvaro Moreno (2008). Enabling Conditions for 'Open-Ended Evolution'. Biology and Philosophy 23 (1):67-85.
    In this paper we review and argue for the relevance of the concept of open-ended evolution in biological theory. Defining it as a process in which a set of chemical systems bring about an unlimited variety of equivalent systems that are not subject to any pre-determined upper bound of organizational complexity, we explain why only a special type of self-constructing, autonomous systems can actually implement it. We further argue that this capacity derives from the ‘dynamic decoupling’ (in its minimal or (...)
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  27. Arantza Etxeberria & Álvaro Moreno (2007). La idea de autonomía en biología. Logos. Anales Del Seminario de Metafísica 40:21-37.
    The aim of this article is to examine how the notion of biological autonomy may be linked to other notions of autonomy usual in philosophical discussions. Starting in the 70s, the Chilean biologists Humberto Maturana and Francisco Varela developed a theory of life as autopoiesis which gives rise to a new conception of autonomy: biological autonomy. The development of this concept implies the recovery of the notion of the organism in a scientific context in which biology and philosophy of biology (...)
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  28. Urbano Ferrer, Arantza Etxeberria, Álvaro Moreno, Ruth García Chico, José Luis González Recio, Luciano Espinosa Rubio, Begoña ROMÁN, Margarita Boladeras, Juan B. Fuentes & Natalia S. GARCÍA PÉREZ (2007). Sobre Bíos y Éthos. Un enfoque contemporáneo. Logos. Anales Del Seminario de Metafísica 40:3.
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  29. Aguilar Moreno & José María (2007). El Cine y la Metáfora. Editorial Renacimiento.
    Y lo que es más decisivo, con El Cine y la Metáfora aprendemos a ver las películas de una manera más compleja, porque nos enseña a desmenuzar inteligentemente algunos de los elementos y objetos cotidianos que constituyen el alfabeto de ...
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  30. Alvaro Moreno (2007). A Systemic Approach to the Origin of Biological Organization. In Fred C. Boogerd, Frank J. Bruggeman, Jan-Hendrik S. Hofmeyr & Hans V. Westerhoff (eds.), Systems Biology: Philosophical Foundations. Elsevier. 243--268.
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  31. Mercedes Doffi & Alberto Moreno (eds.) (2006). Lógica, Epistemología y Filosofía Del Lenguaje: Homenaje a Alberto Moreno. Eudeba.
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  32. Álvaro Moreno (2006). Consideraciones sobre el estatus biológico de la especie humana. Ludus Vitalis 14 (25):255-258.
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  33. Kepa Ruiz-Mirazo & Alvaro Moreno (2006). On the Origins of Information and Its Relevance for Biological Complexity. Biological Theory 1 (3):227-229.
  34. A. Moreno (2004). Self-Organization, Autonomy and Identity. Revue Internationale de Philosophie 58 (228):135-150.
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  35. Alvaro Moreno (2004). Auto-organisation, autonomie et identité. Revue Internationale de Philosophie 2:135-150.
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  36. Alvaro Moreno & Xabier Barandiaran (2004). A Naturalizd Account of the Inside-Outside Dichotomy. Philosophica 73.
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  37. D. Gil-Pérez, J. Guisasola, A. Moreno, A. Cachapuz, A. M. Pessoa de Carvalho, J. Martínez Torregrosa, J. Salinas, P. Valdés, E. González & A. Gene Duch (2002). Que entendemos por posições construtivistas na Educação em Ciência. Science and Education 11:557-571.
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  38. Daniel Gil-Pérez, Jenaro Guisasola, Antonio Moreno, Antonio Cachapuz, Anna M. Pessoa De Carvalho, Joaquín Martínez Torregrosa, Julia Salinas, Pablo Valdés, Eduardo González & Anna Gené Duch (2002). Defending Constructivism in Science Education. Science and Education 11 (6):557-571.
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  39. Alvaro Moreno (2002). El problema de la relación entre autonomía e información en la estructura de la organización biológica. Ludus Vitalis 10 (17):123-147.
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  40. Alvaro Moreno & Kepa Ruiz-Mirazo (2002). Key Issues Regarding the Origin, Nature, and Evolution of Complexity in Nature: Information as a Central Concept to Understand Biological Organization. Emergence 4 (1):63-76.
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  41. Antonio Moreno, Ulises Cortés & Ton Sales (2002). Subjective Situations and Logical Omniscience. Studia Logica 72 (1):7-29.
    The beliefs of the agents in a multi-agent system have been formally modelled in the last decades using doxastic logics. The possible worlds model and its associated Kripke semantics provide an intuitive semantics for these logics, but they commit us to model agents that are logically omniscient. We propose a way of avoiding this problem, using a new kind of entities called subjective situations. We define a new doxastic logic based on these entities and we show how the belief operators (...)
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  42. Arley R. Moreno (2001). Wittgenstein e os valores: do solipsismo à intersubjetividade. Natureza Humana 3 (2):233-288.
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  43. Alvaro Moreno & Jon Umerez (2000). Downward Causation at the Core of Living Organization. In P. B. Andersen, Claus Emmeche, N. O. Finnemann & P. V. Christiansen (eds.), Downward Causation. University of Aarhus Press. 99--117.
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  44. Kepa Ruiz-Mirazo & Alvaro Moreno (2000). Searching for the Roots of Autonomy: The Natural and Artificial Paradigms Revisited. Communication and Cognition–Artificial Intelligence 17 (3-4):209-228.
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  45. Arley R. Moreno (1999). Dúvidas, Certezas e Linguagem: o Argumento do Sonho. Discurso 30:131-158.
    Este artigo aplica o estilo da terapêutica wittgensteiniana ao argumento do sonho sua versão cartesiana. Além disso. ele sugere algumas linhas de comparação entre o projeto husserliano de constituição e a terapêutica wittgensteiniana.
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  46. A. Moreno (1995). La documentación, hoy. Telos 43:145-148.
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  47. Jon Umerez & Alvaro Moreno (1995). Origin of Life as the First MST—Control Hierarchies and Interlevel Relation. World Futures 45 (1):139-154.
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  48. Julio Fernandez, Alvaro Moreno & Arantza Etxeberria (1991). Life as Emergence: The Roots of a New Paradigm in Theoretical Biology. World Futures 32 (2):133-149.
    (1991). Life as emergence: The roots of a new paradigm in theoretical biology. World Futures: Vol. 32, Creative Evolution in Nature, Mind, and Society, pp. 133-149.
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  49. Antonio Moreno (1990). Finality and Intelligibility in Biological Evolution. The Thomist 54 (1):1-31.
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  50. A. Moreno (1985). A propósito da noção de estética em Wittgenstein. Manuscrito 8 (2).
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