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Alvaro Moreno [39]Alberto Moreno [19]Antonio Moreno [17]A. Moreno [15]
Arley R. Moreno [6]Alberto J. Moreno [4]A. J. Moreno [2]Arley Moreno [2]

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Profile: Alfa Moreno
Profile: Alejandro Moreno
Profile: Andrew Moreno (San Francisco State University)
  1. Matteo Mossio, Cristian Saborido & Alvaro Moreno (2009). An Organizational Account of Biological Functions. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 60 (4):813-841.
    In this paper, we develop an organizational account that defines biological functions as causal relations subject to closure in living systems, interpreted as the most typical example of organizationally closed and differentiated self-maintaining systems. We argue that this account adequately grounds the teleological and normative dimensions of functions in the current organization of a system, insofar as it provides an explanation for the existence of the function bearer and, at the same time, identifies in a non-arbitrary way the norms that (...)
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  2.  25
    Matteo Mossio & Alvaro Moreno (forthcoming). Organisational Closure in Biological Organisms. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences.
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  3.  36
    C. Saborido, M. Mossio & A. Moreno (2011). Biological Organization and Cross-Generation Functions. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 62 (3):583-606.
    The organizational account of biological functions interprets functions as contributions of a trait to the maintenance of the organization that, in turn, maintains the trait. As has been recently argued, however, the account seems unable to provide a unified grounding for both intra- and cross-generation functions, since the latter do not contribute to the maintenance of the same organization which produces them. To face this ‘ontological problem’, a splitting account has been proposed, according to which the two kinds of functions (...)
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  4. Xabier Barandiaran & Alvaro Moreno (2008). Adaptivity: From Metabolism to Behavior. Adaptive Behavior 16 (5):325-344.
  5.  45
    Kepa Ruiz-Mirazo & Alvaro Moreno (2012). Autonomy in Evolution: From Minimal to Complex Life. Synthese 185 (1):21-52.
    Our aim in the present paper is to approach the nature of life from the perspective of autonomy, showing that this perspective can be helpful for overcoming the traditional Cartesian gap between the physical and cognitive domains. We first argue that, although the phenomenon of life manifests itself as highly complex and multidimensional, requiring various levels of description, individual organisms constitute the core of this multifarious phenomenology. Thereafter, our discussion focuses on the nature of the organization of individual living entities, (...)
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  6.  42
    Alvaro Moreno & Matteo Mossio (2015). Biological Autonomy. A Philosophical and Theoretical Enquiry. Springer.
    Since Darwin, Biology has been framed on the idea of evolution by natural selection, which has profoundly influenced the scientific and philosophical comprehension of biological phenomena and of our place in Nature. This book argues that contemporary biology should progress towards and revolve around an even more fundamental idea, that of autonomy. Biological autonomy describes living organisms as organised systems, which are able to self-produce and self-maintain as integrated entities, to establish their own goals and norms, and to promote the (...)
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  7.  26
    Leonardo Bich & Alvaro Moreno, The Role of Regulation in the Origin and Synthetic Modelling of Minimal Cognition.
    In this paper we address the question of minimal cognition by investigating the origin of some crucial cognitive properties from the very basic organisation of biological systems. More specifically, we propose a theoretical model of how a system can distinguish between specific features of its interaction with the environment, which is a fundamental requirement for the emergence of minimal forms of cognition. We argue that the appearance of this capacity is grounded in the molecular domain, and originates from basic mechanisms (...)
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  8. Alvaro Moreno & Kepa Ruiz-Mirazo (2009). The Problem of the Emergence of Functional Diversity in Prebiotic Evolution. Biology and Philosophy 24 (5):585-605.
    Since Darwin it is widely accepted that natural selection (NS) is the most important mechanism to explain how biological organisms—in their amazing variety—evolve and, therefore, also how the complexity of certain natural systems can increase over time, creating ever new functions or functional structures/relationships. Nevertheless, the way in which NS is conceived within Darwinian Theory already requires an open, wide enough, functional domain where selective forces may act. And, as the present paper will try to show, this becomes even more (...)
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  9.  93
    Xabier Barandiaran & Alvaro Moreno (2006). On What Makes Certain Dynamical Systems Cognitive: A Minimally Cognitive Organization Program. Adaptive Behavior 14:171-185..
    Dynamicism has provided cognitive science with important tools to understand some aspects of “how cognitive agents work” but the issue of “what makes something cognitive” has not been sufficiently addressed yet, and, we argue, the former will never be complete without the later. Behavioristic characterizations of cognitive properties are criticized in favor of an organizational approach focused on the internal dynamic relationships that constitute cognitive systems. A definition of cognition as adaptive-autonomy in the embodied and situated neurodynamic domain is provided: (...)
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  10.  43
    Matteo Mossio, Leonardo Bich & Alvaro Moreno (2013). Emergence, Closure and Inter-Level Causation in Biological Systems. Erkenntnis 78 (2):153-178.
    In this paper, we advocate the idea that an adequate explanation of biological systems requires appealing to organizational closure as an emergent causal regime. We first develop a theoretical justification of emergence in terms of relatedness, by arguing that configurations, because of the relatedness among their constituents, possess ontologically irreducible properties, providing them with distinctive causal powers. We then focus on those emergent causal powers exerted as constraints, and we claim that biological systems crucially differ from other natural systems in (...)
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  11.  16
    Argyris Arnellos, Alvaro Moreno & Kepa Ruiz-Mirazo (2014). Organizational Requirements for Multicellular Autonomy: Insights From a Comparative Case Study. Biology and Philosophy 29 (6):851-884.
    In this paper we explore the organizational conditions underlying the emergence of organisms at the multicellular level. More specifically, we shall propose a general theoretical scheme according to which a multicellular organism is an ensemble of cells that effectively regulates its own development through collective mechanisms of control of cell differentiation and cell division processes. This theoretical result derives from the detailed study of the ontogenetic development of three multicellular systems and, in particular, of their corresponding cell-to-cell signaling networks. The (...)
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  12.  34
    Kepa Ruiz-Mirazo, Jon Umerez & Alvaro Moreno (2008). Enabling Conditions for 'Open-Ended Evolution'. Biology and Philosophy 23 (1):67-85.
    In this paper we review and argue for the relevance of the concept of open-ended evolution in biological theory. Defining it as a process in which a set of chemical systems bring about an unlimited variety of equivalent systems that are not subject to any pre-determined upper bound of organizational complexity, we explain why only a special type of self-constructing, autonomous systems can actually implement it. We further argue that this capacity derives from the ‘dynamic decoupling’ (in its minimal or (...)
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  13.  20
    Argyris Arnellos & Alvaro Moreno (2015). Multicellular Agency: An Organizational View. Biology and Philosophy 30 (3):333-357.
    We argue that the transition from unicellular to multicellular systems raises important conceptual challenges for understanding agency. We compare several MC systems displaying different forms of collective behavior, and we analyze whether these actions can be considered organismically integrated and attributable to the whole. We distinguish between a ‘constitutive’ and an ‘interactive’ dimension of organizational complexity, and we argue that MC agency requires a radical entanglement between the related processes which we call “the constitutive-interactive closure principle”. We explain in detail (...)
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  14. Alvaro Moreno, Essay.
    We attempt to distinguish, in a biological frame, ontogenetical adaptation from learning. Ontogenetical adaptation arises as a second order (sensorimotor) loop on the ground of the operational closure that provides autonomy and reproductive identity to the living system. Adaptation ensures, through perception, the functional correlation between metabolicmotor states and the states of the environment. Learning brings about a qualitative change in regard to adaptation, the most generic and simple form of optimization at an individual scale. It implies the idea of (...)
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  15.  29
    Alvaro Moreno & Xabier Barandiaran (2004). A Naturalizd Account of the Inside-Outside Dichotomy. Philosophica 73.
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  16.  82
    Alvaro Moreno, The Impact of the Paradigm of Complexity On the Foundational Frameworks of Biology and Cognitive Science.
    According to the traditional nomological-deductive methodology of physics and chemistry [Hempel and Oppenheim, 1948], explaining a phenomenon means subsuming it under a law. Logic becomes then the glue of explanation and laws the primary explainers. Thus, the scientific study of a system would consist in the development of a logically sound model of it, once the relevant observables (state variables) are identified and the general laws governing their change (expressed as differential equations, state transition rules, maximization/minimization principles,. . . ) (...)
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  17.  17
    Nei Nunes-Neto, Alvaro Moreno & Charbel N. El-Hani (2014). Function in Ecology: An Organizational Approach. Biology and Philosophy 29 (1):123-141.
    Functional language is ubiquitous in ecology, mainly in the researches about biodiversity and ecosystem function. However, it has not been adequately investigated by ecologists or philosophers of ecology. In the contemporary philosophy of ecology we can recognize a kind of implicit consensus about this issue: while the etiological approaches cannot offer a good concept of function in ecology, Cummins’ systemic approach can. Here we propose to go beyond this implicit consensus, because we think these approaches are not adequate for ecology. (...)
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  18. Alvaro Moreno & Jon Umerez (2000). Downward Causation at the Core of Living Organization. In P. B. Andersen, Claus Emmeche, N. O. Finnemann & P. V. Christiansen (eds.), Downward Causation. University of Aarhus Press 99--117.
     
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  19. Kepa Ruiz-Mirazo & Alvaro Moreno (2000). Searching for the Roots of Autonomy: The Natural and Artificial Paradigms Revisited. Communication and Cognition-Artificial Intelligence 17 (3-4):209-228.
     
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  20.  10
    Argyris Arnellos & Álvaro Moreno (2012). How Functional Differentiation Originated in Prebiotic Evolution. Ludus Vitalis 20 (37):1-23.
    Even the simplest cell exhibits a high degree of functional differentiation (FD) realized through several mechanisms and devices contributing differently to its maintenance. Searching for the origin of FD, we briefly argue that the emergence of the respective organizational complexity cannot be the result of either natural selection (NS) or solely of the dynamics of simple self-maintaining (SM) systems. Accordingly, a highly gradual and cumulative process should have been necessary for the transition from either simple self-assembled or self-maintaining systems of (...)
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  21.  6
    Alvaro Moreno (2007). A Systemic Approach to the Origin of Biological Organization. In Fred C. Boogerd, Frank J. Bruggeman, Jan-Hendrik S. Hofmeyr & Hans V. Westerhoff (eds.), Systems Biology: Philosophical Foundations. Elsevier 243--268.
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  22.  6
    Kepa Ruiz-Mirazo & Alvaro Moreno (2013). Synthetic Biology: Challenging Life in Order to Grasp, Use, or Extend It. Biological Theory 8 (4):376-382.
    In this short contribution we explore the historical roots of recent synthetic approaches in biology and try to assess their real potential, as well as identify future hurdles or the reasons behind some of the main difficulties they currently face. We suggest that part of these difficulties might not be just the result of our present lack of adequate technical skills or understanding, but could spring directly from the nature of the biological phenomenon itself. In particular, if life is conceived (...)
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  23.  11
    Leonardo Bich, Matteo Mossio, Kepa Ruiz-Mirazo & Alvaro Moreno (2016). Biological Regulation: Controlling the System From Within. Biology and Philosophy 31 (2):237-265.
    Biological regulation is what allows an organism to handle the effects of a perturbation, modulating its own constitutive dynamics in response to particular changes in internal and external conditions. With the central focus of analysis on the case of minimal living systems, we argue that regulation consists in a specific form of second-order control, exerted over the core regime of production and maintenance of the components that actually put together the organism. The main argument is that regulation requires a distinctive (...)
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  24.  15
    Jon Umerez & Alvaro Moreno (1995). Origin of Life as the First MST—Control Hierarchies and Interlevel Relation. World Futures 45 (1):139-154.
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  25.  3
    Adhemir Flores Moreno (2015). La reciprocidad puesta a prueba. Hacia una fenomenología social del cambio climático en sociedades pastoriles del sur andino peruano. Estudios de Filosofía 13:55-82.
    Given that the pastoral societies of the Peruvian Andes have seldom participated in scientific and political debates about climate change, this paper aims to explain and account for the languages of beliefs, meanings, and experiences of those principally affected from a philosophical and anthropological approach. In a time of ecological crisis, not only is the world of certainties or the significant experiences of the highland shepherds put into question, but also there is an opportunity forthe critique of the relationships of (...)
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  26.  2
    Arantza Etxeberria & Álvaro Moreno (2007). La idea de autonomía en biología. Logos: Anales Del Seminario de Metafísica 40:21-37.
    The aim of this article is to examine how the notion of biological autonomy may be linked to other notions of autonomy usual in philosophical discussions. Starting in the 70s, the Chilean biologists Humberto Maturana and Francisco Varela developed a theory of life as autopoiesis which gives rise to a new conception of autonomy: biological autonomy. The development of this concept implies the recovery of the notion of the organism in a scientific context in which biology and philosophy of biology (...)
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  27.  8
    Antonio Moreno (1978). Providence Lost. New Scholasticism 52 (1):136-138.
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  28.  8
    Cristian Saborido & Alvaro Moreno (2015). Biological Pathology From an Organizational Perspective. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 36 (1):83-95.
    In contrast to the “normativist” view, “naturalist” theorists claim that the concept of health refers to natural or normal states and propose different characterizations of healthy and diseased conditions that are meant to be objectivist and biologically grounded. In this article, we examine the core concept of these naturalist accounts of disease, i.e., the concept of biological malfunction, and develop a new formulation of the notion of malfunction following the recent organizational approach to functions in the philosophy of biology. We (...)
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  29.  8
    Agustín Moreno (2012). Los datos geográficos en la obra de Tito Livio, un estado de la cuestión. Circe de Clásicos y Modernos 16 (1):15-29.
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  30.  4
    Daniel Gil-Pérez, Jenaro Guisasola, Antonio Moreno, Antonio Cachapuz, Anna M. Pessoa De Carvalho, Joaquín Martínez Torregrosa, Julia Salinas, Pablo Valdés, Eduardo González & Anna Gené Duch (2002). Defending Constructivism in Science Education. Science and Education 11 (6):557-571.
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  31.  25
    Antonio Moreno (1976). The Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle and Free Will. Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 50:14-23.
  32.  35
    Alvaro Moreno, On What Makes Certain Dynamical Systems Cognitive: A Minimally Cognitive Organization Program.
    Dynamicism has provided cognitive science with important tools to understand some aspects of “how cognitive agents work” but the issue of “what makes something cognitive” has not been sufficiently addressed yet and, we argue, the former will never be complete without the latter. Behavioristic characterizations of cognitive properties are criticized in favor of an organizational approach focused on the internal dynamic relationships that constitute cognitive systems. A definition of cognition as adaptive-autonomy in the embodied and situated neurodynamic domain is provided: (...)
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  33.  25
    Alvaro Moreno & Kepa Ruiz-Mirazo (2002). Key Issues Regarding the Origin, Nature, and Evolution of Complexity in Nature: Information as a Central Concept to Understand Biological Organization. Emergence: Complexity and Organization 4 (1):63-76.
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  34.  30
    Alvaro Moreno, Alife Models as Epistemic Artefacts.
    Both the irreducible complexity of biological phenomena and the aim of a universalized biology (life-as-it-could-be) have lead to a deep methodological shift in the study of life; represented by the appearance of ALife, with its claim that computational modelling is the main tool for studying the general principles of biological phenomenology. However this methodological shift implies important questions concerning the aesthetic, engineering and specially the epistemological status of computational models in scientific research: halfway between the well established categories of theory (...)
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  35.  4
    Arley R. Moreno (1974). Conhecimento Cientifico Do Individual E Comentários Filosóficos: Uma Análise Do «Tractatus». Trans/Form/Ação 1:71-77.
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  36.  8
    Antonio Moreno (1985). Jung's Archetype of the Self and Nonreligious People. New Scholasticism 59 (4):398-417.
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  37.  26
    Alvaro Moreno, Adaptivity: From Metabolism to Behavior.
    In this article, we propose some fundamental requirements for the appearance of adaptivity. We argue that a basic metabolic organization, taken in its minimal sense, may provide the conceptual framework for naturalizing the origin of teleology and normative functionality as it appears in living systems. However, adaptivity also requires the emergence of a regulatory subsystem, which implies a certain form of dynamic decoupling within a globally integrated, autonomous system. Thus, we analyze several forms of minimal adaptivity, including the special case (...)
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  38.  13
    Leonardo Bich, Matteo Mossio & Alvaro Moreno, On the Role of Constraints in the Emergence of Biological Organization.
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  39.  7
    Arley R. Moreno (2001). Wittgenstein e os valores: do solipsismo à intersubjetividade. Natureza Humana 3 (2):233-288.
    Este artigo tenta acompanhar as principais mudanças na concepção de Wittgenstein sobre os valores ético-estéticos e verifuncionais, no que diz respeito às suas possibilidades de expressão lingüística, desde o Tractatus até o segundo período de sua reflexão, a saber, a partir do final de 1920. Além disso, o artigo aponta e analisa as dificuldades éticas que Wittgenstein sentiu para situar sua própria atividade filosófica relativamente a seu contexto histórico, o qual ele próprio criticou como sendo um período civilizatório decadente por (...)
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  40.  15
    Kepa Ruiz-Mirazo & Alvaro Moreno (2006). On the Origins of Information and Its Relevance for Biological Complexity. Biological Theory 1 (3):227-229.
  41.  4
    Urbano Ferrer, Arantza Etxeberria, Álvaro Moreno, Ruth García Chico, José Luis González Recio, Luciano Espinosa Rubio, Begoña ROMÁN, Margarita Boladeras, Juan B. Fuentes & Natalia S. GARCÍA PÉREZ (2007). Sobre Bíos y Éthos. Un enfoque contemporáneo. Logos: Anales Del Seminario de Metafísica 40:3.
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  42.  20
    Antonio Moreno, Ulises Cortés & Ton Sales (2002). Subjective Situations and Logical Omniscience. Studia Logica 72 (1):7-29.
    The beliefs of the agents in a multi-agent system have been formally modelled in the last decades using doxastic logics. The possible worlds model and its associated Kripke semantics provide an intuitive semantics for these logics, but they commit us to model agents that are logically omniscient. We propose a way of avoiding this problem, using a new kind of entities called subjective situations. We define a new doxastic logic based on these entities and we show how the belief operators (...)
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  43.  5
    Arley R. Moreno (2009). Pragmática da relação/propriedade interna. Doispontos 6 (1).
    In this article we seek to show that the evolution of the concept of internal relation or internal property expresses a requirement, at the same time ethical and theoretical, which will lead Wittgenstein to the acceptance of pragmatic elements in the once formal field of the transcendental.
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  44. Alvaro Moreno (2002). El problema de la relación entre autonomía e información en la estructura de la organización biológica. Ludus Vitalis 10 (17):123-147.
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  45.  12
    Julio Fernandez, Alvaro Moreno & Arantza Etxeberria (1991). Life as Emergence: The Roots of a New Paradigm in Theoretical Biology. World Futures 32 (2):133-149.
    (1991). Life as emergence: The roots of a new paradigm in theoretical biology. World Futures: Vol. 32, Creative Evolution in Nature, Mind, and Society, pp. 133-149.
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  46.  2
    Arley R. Moreno (1999). Dúvidas, Certezas e Linguagem: o Argumento do Sonho. Discurso 30:131-158.
    Este artigo aplica o estilo da terapêutica wittgensteiniana ao argumento do sonho sua versão cartesiana. Além disso. ele sugere algumas linhas de comparação entre o projeto husserliano de constituição e a terapêutica wittgensteiniana.
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  47.  6
    Alberto Moreno (1963). Propositional logic in Juan de Santo Tomás. Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 4 (2):113-134.
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  48.  3
    Álvaro Moreno (2006). Consideraciones sobre el estatus biológico de la especie humana. Ludus Vitalis 14 (25):255-258.
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  49.  1
    Antonio Moreno (1966). The Nature of Metaphysics. The Thomist 33 (2):109-135.
    This work includes contributions by grice, pears, strawson, hampshire, williams, buchdahl, gardiner, murdoch, and warnock. the general consensus of opinion seems to be that metaphysics is characterized by being conceptual revision. these philosophers also agree that there is no real future for such metaphysical enquiries. (staff).
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  50.  2
    Cristian Saborido, Matteo Mossio & Alvaro Moreno (2010). La dimensión teleologica del concepto de función biológica. Teorema: International Journal of Philosophy 29 (3):31-56.
    Most of current theoretical analyses on biological functions can be classified as etiological or dispositional, depending on how they deal with the teleological dimension. In this paper, we propose a critical survey of these two perspectives, and we argue that some recent studies have set the basis of a new approach which grounds the teleological dimension of functional attributions in the organizational properties of living systems. We outline a new proposal within this new approach, based on an interpretation of living (...)
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