61 found
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Albert Newen [49]A. Newen [12]
  1.  73
    M. Synofzik, G. Vosgerau & A. Newen (2008). Beyond the Comparator Model: A Multi-Factorial Two-Step Account of Agency. Consciousness and Cognition 17 (1):219-239.
    There is an increasing amount of empirical work investigating the sense of agency, i.e. the registration that we are the initiators of our own actions. Many studies try to relate the sense of agency to an internal feed-forward mechanism, called the ‘‘comparator model’’. In this paper, we draw a sharp distinction between a non-conceptual level of feeling of agency and a conceptual level of judgement of agency. By analyzing recent empirical studies, we show that the comparator model is not able (...)
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  2. Matthis Synofzik, Gottfried Vosgerau & Albert Newen (2008). I Move, Therefore I Am: A New Theoretical Framework to Investigate Agency and Ownership. Consciousness and Cognition 17 (2):411-424.
    The neurocognitive structure of the acting self has recently been widely studied, yet is still perplexing and remains an often confounded issue in cognitive neuroscience, psychopathology and philosophy. We provide a new systematic account of two of its main features, the sense of agency and the sense of ownership, demonstrating that although both features appear as phenomenally uniform, they each in fact are complex crossmodal phenomena of largely heterogeneous functional and representational levels. These levels can be arranged within a gradually (...)
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  3.  49
    Petra Vetter & Albert Newen (2014). Varieties of Cognitive Penetration in Visual Perception. Consciousness and Cognition 27:62-75.
  4.  17
    Albert Newen, Anna Welpinghus & Georg Juckel (2015). Emotion Recognition as Pattern Recognition: The Relevance of Perception. Mind and Language 30 (2):187-208.
    We develop a version of a direct perception account of emotion recognition on the basis of a metaphysical claim that emotions are individuated as patterns of characteristic features. On our account, emotion recognition relies on the same type of pattern recognition as is described for object recognition. The analogy allows us to distinguish two forms of directly perceiving emotions, namely perceiving an emotion in the absence of any top-down processes, and perceiving an emotion in a way that significantly involves some (...)
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  5.  67
    Gottfried Vosgerau & Albert Newen (2007). Thoughts, Motor Actions, and the Self. Mind and Language 22 (1):22–43.
    The comparator-model, originally developed to explain motor action, has recently been invoked to explain several aspects of the self. However, in the first place it may not be used to explain a basic self-world distinction because it presupposes one. Our alternative account is based on specific systematic covariation between action and perception. Secondly, the comparator model cannot explain the feeling of ownership of thoughts. We argue—contra Frith and Campbell—that thoughts are not motor processes and therefore cannot be described by the (...)
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  6.  33
    N. David, A. Newen & K. Vogeley (2008). The “Sense of Agency” and its Underlying Cognitive and Neural Mechanisms. Consciousness and Cognition 17 (2):523-534.
    The sense of agency is a central aspect of human self-consciousness and refers to the experience of oneself as the agent of one’s own actions. Several different cognitive theories on the sense of agency have been proposed implying divergent empirical approaches and results, especially with respect to neural correlates. A multifactorial and multilevel model of the sense of agency may provide the most constructive framework for integrating divergent theories and findings, meeting the complex nature of this intriguing phenomenon.
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  7. Albert Newen & Andreas Bartels (2007). Animal Minds and the Possession of Concepts. Philosophical Psychology 20 (3):283 – 308.
    In the recent literature on concepts, two extreme positions concerning animal minds are predominant: the one that animals possess neither concepts nor beliefs, and the one that some animals possess concepts as well as beliefs. A characteristic feature of this controversy is the lack of consensus on the criteria for possessing a concept or having a belief. Addressing this deficit, we propose a new theory of concepts which takes recent case studies of complex animal behavior into account. The main aim (...)
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  8.  12
    L. C. De Bruin & Albert Newen (2012). An Association Account of False Belief Understanding. Cognition 123 (2):240-259.
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  9.  13
    Albert Newen (forthcoming). Defending the Liberal-Content View of Perceptual Experience: Direct Social Perception of Emotions and Person Impressions. Synthese:1-25.
    The debate about direct perception encompasses different topics, one of which concerns the richness of the contents of perceptual experiences. Can we directly perceive only low-level properties, like edges, colors etc., or can we perceive high-level properties and entities as well? The aim of the paper is to defend the claim that the content of our perceptual experience can include emotions and also person impressions. Using these examples, an argument is developed to defend a liberal-content view for (...)
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  10. Luca Barlassina & Albert Newen (2014). The Role of Bodily Perception in Emotion: In Defense of an Impure Somatic Theory. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 89 (3):637-678.
    In this paper, we develop an impure somatic theory of emotion, according to which emotions are constituted by the integration of bodily perceptions with representations of external objects, events, or states of affairs. We put forward our theory by contrasting it with Prinz's pure somatic theory, according to which emotions are entirely constituted by bodily perceptions. After illustrating Prinz's theory and discussing the evidence in its favor, we show that it is beset by serious problems—i.e., it gets the neural correlates (...)
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  11.  30
    L. C. De Bruin & A. Newen (2012). The Developmental Paradox of False Belief Understanding: A Dual-System Solution. Synthese (3):1-24.
    We explore the developmental paradox of false belief understanding. This paradox follows from the claim that young infants already have an understanding of false belief, despite the fact that they consistently fail the elicited-response false belief task. First, we argue that recent proposals to solve this paradox are unsatisfactory because they (i) try to give a full explanation of false belief understanding in terms of a single system, (ii) fail to provide psychological concepts that are sufficiently fine-grained to capture (...)
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  12.  29
    Gottfried Vosgerau, Tobias Schlicht & Albert Newen (2008). Orthogonality of Phenomenality and Content. American Philosophical Quarterly 45 (4):309 - 328.
    This paper presents arguments from empirical research and from philosophical considerations to the effect that phenomenality and content are two distinct and independent features of mental representations, which are both relational. Thus, it is argued, classical arguments that infer phenomenality from content have to be rejected. Likewise, theories that try to explain the phenomenal character of experiences by appeal to specific types of content cannot succeed. Instead, a dynamic view of consciousness has to be adopted that seeks to explain consciousness (...)
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  13.  66
    Albert Newen & Kai Vogeley (2003). Self-Representation: Searching for a Neural Signature of Self-Consciousness. Consciousness and Cognition 12 (4):529-543.
    Human self-consciousness operates at different levels of complexity and at least comprises five different levels of representational processes. These five levels are nonconceptual representation, conceptual representation, sentential representation, meta-representation, and iterative meta-representation. These different levels of representation can be operationalized by taking a first-person-perspective that is involved in representational processes on different levels of complexity. We refer to experiments that operationalize a first-person-perspective on the level of conceptual and meta-representational self-consciousness. Interestingly, these experiments show (...)
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  14. Alexandra Zinck & Albert Newen (2008). Classifying Emotion: A Developmental Account. Synthese 161 (1):1 - 25.
    The aim of this paper is to propose a systematic classification of emotions which can also characterize their nature. The first challenge we address is the submission of clear criteria for a theory of emotions that determine which mental phenomena are emotions and which are not. We suggest that emotions as a subclass of mental states are determined by their functional roles. The second and main challenge is the presentation of a classification and theory of emotions that can account for (...)
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  15.  95
    Albert Newen & Tobias Schlicht (2009). Understanding Other Minds: A Criticism of Goldman's Simulation Theory and an Outline of the Person Model Theory. Grazer Philosophische Studien 79 (1):209-242.
    What exactly do we do when we try to make sense of other people e.g. by ascribing mental states like beliefs and desires to them? After a short criticism of Theory-Theory, Interaction Theory and the Narrative Theory of understanding others as well as an extended criticism of the Simulation Theory in Goldman's recent version (2006), we suggest an alternative approach: the Person Model Theory . Person models are the basis for our ability to register and evaluate persons having mental as (...)
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  16. Eva-Maria Jung & Albert Newen (2010). Knowledge and Abilities: The Need for a New Understanding of Knowing-How. [REVIEW] Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 9 (1):113-131.
    Stanley and Williamson (The Journal of Philosophy 98(8), 411–444 2001 ) reject the fundamental distinction between what Ryle once called ‘knowing-how’ and ‘knowing-that’. They claim that knowledge-how is just a species of knowledge-that, i.e. propositional knowledge, and try to establish their claim relying on the standard semantic analysis of ‘knowing-how’ sentences. We will undermine their strategy by arguing that ‘knowing-how’ phrases are under-determined such that there is not only one semantic analysis and by critically discussing and refuting the positive account (...)
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  17.  4
    Eleonore Neufeld, Elliot C. Brown, Sie-In Lee-Grimm, Albert Newen & Martin Brüne (2016). Intentional Action Processing Results From Automatic Bottom-Up Attention: An EEG-Investigation Into the Social Relevance Hypothesis Using Hypnosis. Consciousness and Cognition 42:101-112.
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  18.  58
    Christoph Michel & Albert Newen (2010). Self-Deception as Pseudo-Rational Regulation of Belief. Consciousness and Cognition 19 (3):731-744.
    Self-deception is a special kind of motivational dominance in belief-formation. We develop criteria which set paradigmatic self-deception apart from related phenomena of automanipulation such as pretense and motivational bias. In self-deception rational subjects defend or develop beliefs of high subjective importance in response to strong counterevidence. Self-deceivers make or keep these beliefs tenable by putting prima-facie rational defense-strategies to work against their established standards of rational evaluation. In paradigmatic self-deception, target-beliefs are made tenable via reorganizations of those belief-sets that relate (...)
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  19.  27
    Matthis Synofzik, Gottfried Vosgerau & Albert Newen (2009). Reply to Carruthers☆. Consciousness and Cognition 18 (2):521-523.
  20.  46
    Vera Hoffmann & Albert Newen (2007). Supervenience of Extrinsic Properties. Erkenntnis 67 (2):305 - 319.
    The aim of this paper is to define a notion of supervenience which can adequately describe the systematic dependence of extrinsic as well as of intrinsic higher-level properties on base-level features. We argue that none of the standard notions of supervenience—the concepts of weak, strong and global supervenience—fulfil this function. The concept of regional supervenience, which is purported to improve on the standard conceptions, turns out to be problematic as well. As a new approach, we develop the notion of property-dependent (...)
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  21. H. Kockler, L. Scheef, R. Tepest, N. David, B. H. Bewernick, A. Newen, H. H. Schild, M. May & K. Vogeley (2010). Visuospatial Perspective Taking in a Dynamic Environment: Perceiving Moving Objects From a First-Person-Perspective Induces a Disposition to Act☆. Consciousness and Cognition 19 (3):690-701.
  22. Albert Newen & Raphael van Riel (eds.) (2012). Identity, Language, and Mind. An Introduction to the Philosophy of John Perry. CSLI.
  23.  18
    Anna Welpinghus & Albert Newen (2012). Emotion und Kultur: Wie individuieren wir Emotionen und welche Rolle spielen kulturelle Faktoren dabei? Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung 66 (3):367-392.
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  24.  12
    Albert Newen (forthcoming). What Are Cognitive Processes? An Example-Based Approach. Synthese:1-18.
    The question “What are cognitive processes?” can be understood variously as meaning “What is the nature of cognitive processes?”, “Can we distinguish epistemically cognitive processes from physical and biochemical processes on the one hand, and from mental or conscious processes on the other?”, and “Can we establish a fruitful notion of cognitive process?” The present aim is to deliver a positive answer to the last question by developing criteria for what would count as a paradigmatic exemplar of a cognitive process, (...)
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  25.  66
    Albert Newen & Gottfried Vosgerau (2007). A Representational Account of Self-Knowledge. Erkenntnis 67 (2):337 - 353.
    Self-knowledge is knowledge of one’s own states (or processes) in an indexical mode of presentation. The philosophical debate is concentrating on mental states (or processes). If we characterize self-knowledge by natural language sentences, the most adequate utterance has a structure like “I know that I am in mental state M”. This common sense characterization has to be developed into an adequate description. In this investigation we will tackle two questions: (i) What precisely is the phenomenon referred to by “self-knowledge” and (...)
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  26.  9
    Francesco Marchi & Albert Newen (2016). The Cognitive Foundations of Visual Consciousness: Why Should We Favour a Processing Approach? Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 15 (2):247-264.
    How can we investigate the foundations of consciousness? In addressing this question, we will focus on the two main strategies that authors have adopted so far. On the one hand, there is research aimed at characterizing a specific content, which should account for conscious states. We may call this the content approach. On the other hand, one finds the processing approach, which proposes to look for a particular way of processing to account for consciousness.. Our aim, in this paper, is (...)
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  27. Albert Newen & Kai Vogeley (eds.) (2000). Selbst Und Gehirn. Menschliches Selbstbewusstsein Und Seine Neurobiologischen Grundlagen. Mentis.
  28.  56
    Leon de Bruin & Albert Newen (2011). Consciousness, Reductionism and the Explanatory Gap: Investigations in Honor of Rudolf Carnap. Philosophia 39 (1):1-3.
    Consciousness, Reductionism and the Explanatory Gap: Investigations in Honor of Rudolf Carnap Content Type Journal Article Pages 1-3 DOI 10.1007/s11406-010-9272-7 Authors Leon de Bruin, Institut für Philosophie II, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Universitätsstr. 150, 44801 Bochum, Germany Albert Newen, Institut für Philosophie II, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Universitätsstr. 150, 44801 Bochum, Germany Journal Philosophia Online ISSN 1574-9274 Print ISSN 0048-3893 Journal Volume Volume 39 Journal Issue Volume 39, Number 1.
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  29.  7
    Uwe Meixner & Albert Newen (eds.) (2003). Seele, Denken, Bewusstsein: zur Geschichte der Philosophie des Geistes. Walter de Gruyter.
    Welchen ontologischen Status hat das Ich? Verfugen wir uber Selbstwissen und wenn ja, in welchem Sinne?
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  30.  53
    Albert Newen, Reply to Carruthers.
    Glenn Carruthers presents a very detailed and thorough critique of our multi-factorial twostep account of agency to the effect that it would not succeed in being superior and more general as the comparator model (CM). This critique gives us the opportunity to refine some of our points and to make the overall argument clearer. As Carruthers notes, “This move [the distinction between a feeling of agency (FoA) and a judgment of agency (JoA)] usefully limits the explanatory target of the CM (...)
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  31.  52
    Albert Newen & Rimas Cuplinskas (2002). Mental Causation: A Real Phenomenon in a Physicalistic World Without Epiphenomenalism or Overdetermination. Grazer Philosophische Studien 65 (1):139-167.
    The so-called problem of mental causation as discussed in the recent literature raises three central challenges for an adequate solution from a physicalist perspective: the threat of epiphenomenalism, the problem of externalism (or the difficulty in accounting for the causal efficacy of extrinsic mental properties) and the problem of causal exclusion (or the threat of over determination). We wish to account for mental causationas a real phenomenon within a physicalistic framework without accepting epiphenomenalism or overdetermination. The key ideas of our (...)
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  32. M. Anduschus, Albert Newen & Wolfgang Kunne (eds.) (1997). Direct Reference, Indexicality, and Propositional Attitudes. CSLI Press.
  33. W. Künne, A. Newen & M. Anduschus (eds.) (1997). Direct Reference, Indexicality and Propositional Attitudes. Csli.
  34.  31
    Albert Newen, Kai Vogeley & Christoph Michel (2010). Self, Other and Memory: A Preface. Consciousness and Cognition 19 (3):687-689.
    Spatial perspective taking is an everyday cognitive process that is involved in predicting the outcome of goal directed behavior. We used dynamic virtual stimuli and fMRI to investigate at the neural level whether motion perception interacts with spatial perspective taking in a life-like design. Subjects were asked to perform right-left-decisions about the position of either a motionless, hovering or a flying ball , either from their own or from the perspective of a virtual character . Our results showed a significant (...)
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  35.  10
    Albert Newen (1991). Interpretation und Rekonstruktion der Ontologie in Wittgensteins Tractatus. Grazer Philosophische Studien 41:33-65.
    Der Tractatus logico-philosophicus zeichnet sich durch eine eigenwillige Verbindung von logischem und physikalischem Atomismus aus. Der Zusammenhang von logischer und naturwissenschaftlicher Analyse wird bei Wittgenstein durch die Bildtheorie hergestellt und führt zu einem bildabhängigen Realismus. Diese Version des Realismus wird in einem Modell von physikalischen Eigenschaftspartikeln rekonstruiert. Die Gegenstände sind weder ,bare particulars' ohne Eigenschaften noch Vektoren mit geometrischen Eigenschaften, sondern physikalische Partikel, die durch einen Vektor vollständig beschrieben werden können. In diesem Modell bekommen die Aussagen über den Zusammenhang von (...)
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  36. A. Newen (2003). Erkenntnis und Skepsis: Die Rolle des radikalen Zweifels an der Existenz einer Aussenwelt. Philosophisches Jahrbuch 110 (1):59.
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  37. A. Newen (2003). Knowledge and Scepticism: The Role of Radical Doubt Regarding the Existence of an External World. Philosophisches Jahrbuch 110 (1):59-73.
     
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  38.  37
    Albert Newen, Vera Hoffmann & Michael Esfeld (2007). Preface to Mental Causation, Externalism and Self-Knowledge. Erkenntnis 67 (2):147-148.
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  39.  9
    Albert Newen (2011). Phenomenal Concepts and Mental Files: Phenomenal Concepts Are Theory-Based. Philosophia Naturalis 47 (1-2):1-2.
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  40. Albert Newen (1997). The Logic of Indexical Thoughts and the Metaphysics of the “Self”. In W. Künne, A. Newen & M. Anduschus (eds.), Direct Reference, Indexicality and Propositional Attitudes. Csli
     
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  41.  6
    Raphael van Riel & Albert Newen (2011). Preface. Philosophia Naturalis 47 (1):5-8.
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  42.  13
    A. Newen, K. Vogeley & A. Zinck (2008). Social Cognition, Emotion and Self-Consciousness: A Preface. Consciousness and Cognition 17 (2):409-410.
  43.  9
    Lena Kästner, Ulrike Pompe & Albert Newen (2012). Preface. Philosophia 40 (3):415-416.
    The contributions in this part of the present issue mainly originate from the Carnap Lectures 2011 in Bochum where Prof. Tim Crane (Cambridge, UK) and Prof. Katalin Farkas (Budapest) presented keynote lectures under the heading “The Boundaries of the Mental”. The full workshop program is available on our website: http://www.ruhr-uni-bochum.de/philosophy/carnap2011/index.html.
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  44.  8
    Albert Newen (1997). Die Entwicklung der Wittgensteinschen Sprachphilosophie von 1929-1932. Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung 51 (3):427 - 447.
    Bei einer groben Betrachtungsweise wird meist nur zwischen dem frühen und dem späten Wittgenstein unterschieden, dem Verfasser des Tractatus logico-philosophicus von 1918 und dem Verfasser der 1953 posthum veröffentlichten Philosophischen Untersuchungen. Die Fülle der nachgelassenen Schriften erlaubt es uns jedoch, ein klares Bild der Entwicklung seines Denkens zu zeichnen. Im Zentrum des Aufsatzes steht die Diskussion des Farbenausschlusses, wobei dieser besagt, daß zwei Farben nicht zur selben Zeit am selben Ort gegeben sein können. Zunächst wird geklärt, wie sich die Sprachphilosophie (...)
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  45.  2
    Martin Brüne, Cumhur Tas, Julia Wischniewski, Anna Welpinghus, Christine Heinisch & Albert Newen (2012). Hypnotic Ingroup–Outgroup Suggestion Influences Economic Decision-Making in an Ultimatum Game. Consciousness and Cognition 21 (2):939-946.
    Studies in economic decision-making have demonstrated that individuals appreciate social values supporting equity and disapprove unfairness when distributing goods between two or more parties. However, this seems to critically depend on psychological mechanisms partly pertaining to the ingroup–outgroup distinction. Little is known as to what extent economic bargaining can be manipulated by means of psychological interventions such has hypnosis. Here we show that a hypnotic ingroup versus outgroup suggestion impacts the tolerance of unfairness in an Ultimatum Game. Specifically, the ingroup (...)
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  46.  1
    Albert Newen, Raphael van Riel & Michael Sollberger (2009). Editorial-Second European Graduate School: Philosophy of Language, Mind and Science. Abstracta 5 (2):113-115.
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  47.  4
    A. Newen & K. Vogeley (2003). Reply to Dorothee LeGrand. Consciousness and Cognition 12 (4):547-548.
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  48. Vera Hoffmann & Albert Newen (2007). Supervenience of Extrinsic Properties. Erkenntnis 67 (2):305-319.
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  49. Albert Newen, Ulrich Nortmann & Ranier Stuhlmann-Laeisz (2001). Building on Frege: New Essays About Sense, Content and Concepts. Center for the Study of Language and Inf.
    An outstanding philosopher-logician, Gottlob Frege's work has received much attention in recent years. In the pursuit of Frege's main goal to solidify the foundations of mathematics and scientific work, Frege conceived a comprehensive philosophy of language and developed the main thesis of logicism, that mathematics is reducible to logic. This book contains essays covering a large range of issues related to Frege that will be of great interest to philosophers working on these issues. This volume represents an important addition to (...)
     
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  50. Albert Newen (2001). Contextual Realism: The Context-Dependency and the Relational Character of Beliefs. In Anthonie W. M. Meijers (ed.), Explaining Beliefs. Csli
     
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