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Abner Shimony [79]A. Shimony [8]
  1.  101 DLs
    Abner Shimony (1978). Metaphysical Problems in the Foundations of Quantum Mechanics. International Philosophical Quarterly 18 (1):3-17.
  2.  83 DLs
    Abner Shimony (1999). Can the Fundamental Laws of Nature Be the Results of Evolution? In Jeremy Butterfield & Constantine Pagonis (eds.), From Physics to Philosophy. Cambridge University Press 208--223.
  3.  78 DLs
    Abner Shimony (1996). A Bayesian Examination of Time-Symmetry in the Process of Measurement. Erkenntnis 45 (2-3):337 - 348.
    We investigate the thesis of Aharonov, Bergmann, and Lebowitz that time-symmetry holds in ensembles defined by both an initial and a final condition, called preand postselected ensembles. We distinguish two senses of time symmetry and show that the first one, concerning forward directed and time reversed measurements, holds if the measurement process is ideal, but fails if the measurement process is non-ideal, i.e., violates Lüders's rule. The second kind of time symmetry, concerning the interchange of initial and final conditions, fails (...)
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  4.  74 DLs
    Abner Shimony (1984). Contextual Hidden Variables Theories and Bell's Inequalities. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 35 (1):25-45.
    Noncontextual hidden variables theories, assigning simultaneous values to all quantum mechanical observables, are inconsistent by theorems of Gleason and others. These theorems do not exclude contextual hidden variables theories, in which a complete state assigns values to physical quantities only relative to contexts. However, any contextual theory obeying a certain factorisability conditions implies one of Bell's Inequalities, thereby precluding complete agreement with quantum mechanical predictions. The present paper distinguishes two kinds of contextual theories, ‘algebraic’ and ‘environmental’, and investigates when factorisability (...)
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  5.  63 DLs
    Abner Shimony (2006). An Analysis of Stapp's “A Bell-Type Theorem Without Hidden Variables”. Foundations of Physics 36 (1):61-72.
    H.P. Stapp has proposed a number of demonstrations of a Bell-type theorem which dispensed with an assumption of hidden variables, but relied only upon locality together with an assumption that experimenters can choose freely which of several incompatible observables to measure. In recent papers his strategy has centered upon counterfactual conditionals. Stapp’s paper in American Journal of Physics, 2004, replies to objections raised against earlier expositions of this strategy and proposes a simplified demonstration. The new demonstration is criticized, several subtleties (...)
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  6.  61 DLs
    Abner Shimony (1989). The Non-Existence of a Principle of Natural Selection. Biology and Philosophy 4 (3):255-273.
    The theory of natural selection is a rich systematization of biological knowledge without a first principle. When formulations of a proposed principle of natural selection are examined carefully, each is seen to be exhaustively analyzable into a proposition about sources of fitness and a proposition about consequences of fitness. But whenever the fitness of an organic variety is well defined in a given biological situation, its sources are local contingencies together with the background of laws from disciplines other than the (...)
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  7.  55 DLs
    Abner Shimony (2005). An Analysis of Ensembles That Are Both Pre- and Post-Selected. Foundations of Physics 35 (2):215-232.
    The idea of ensembles which are both pre- and post-selected was introduced by Aharonov, Bergmann, and Lebowitz and developed by Aharonov and his school. To derive formulae for the probabilities of outcomes of a measurement performed on such an ensemble at a time intermediate between pre-selection and post-selection, the latter group introduces a two-vector formulation of quantum mechanics, one vector propagating in the forward direction in time and one in the backward direction. The formulae which they obtain by this radical (...)
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  8.  44 DLs
    Abner Shimony (2005). Comment on Norsen's Defense of Einstein's “Box Argument'. American Journal of Physics 73:177--178.
  9.  43 DLs
    Abner Shimony (1971). Filters with Infinitely Many Components. Foundations of Physics 1 (4):325-328.
    With the use of a suitable assumption about the structure of the class of experimental filters, it is shown that the sequence of alternating replicas of two filters is their greatest lower bound, as Jauch suggests. A generalization of his suggestion yields the greatest lower bound of a denumerable set of filters. The criteria of admissibility of filters are briefly discussed.
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  10.  43 DLs
    Gregg Jaeger & Abner Shimony (1999). An Extremum Principle for a Neutron Diffraction Experiment. Foundations of Physics 29 (3):435-444.
    An extremum principle was postulated by Horne, Finkelstein, Shull, Zeilinger, and Bernstein in order to derive the physically allowable parameters for sinusoidal standing waves governing a neutron in a crystal which is immersed in a strong external magnetic field: “the expectation value of the total potential 〈V〉 is an extremum.” We show that this extremum principle can be obtained from the variational principle used by Schrodinger to derive his nonrelativistic wave equation. We rederive the solutions found by the above-mentioned authors (...)
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  11.  42 DLs
    Abner Shimony (1997). Some Historical and Philosophical Reflections on Science and Enlightenment. Philosophy of Science 64 (4):14.
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  12.  39 DLs
    Abner Shimony (1985). The Status of the Principle of Maximum Entropy. Synthese 63 (1):35 - 53.
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  13.  38 DLs
    Abner Shimony (1993). Search for a Naturalistic World View. Cambridge University Press.
    Abner Shimony is one of the most eminent of present-day philosophers of science, whose work has exerted a profound influence in both the philosophy and physics communities. This two-volume 1993 collection of his essays written over a period of forty years explores the interrelations between science and philosophy. Shimony regards the knowing subject as an entity in nature whose faculties must be studied from the points of view of evolutionary biology and empirical psychology. He maintains that the twentieth century is (...)
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  14.  38 DLs
    Paul Busch & Abner Shimony (1996). Insolubility of the Quantum Measurement Problem for Unsharp Observables. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B 27 (4):397-404.
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  15.  37 DLs
    Abner Shimony (1955). Coherence and the Axioms of Confirmation. Journal of Symbolic Logic 20 (1):1-28.
  16.  31 DLs
    Michael Redhead, Rudolf Carnap & Abner Shimony (1979). Two Essays on Entropy. Philosophical Quarterly 29 (117):364.
  17.  30 DLs
    Abner Shimony (2008). The Concept and Practice of Dialogue in Martin Eger's Philosophy. Philosophical Forum 39 (4):427-438.
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  18.  30 DLs
    Abner Shimony (1983). Reflections on the Philosophy of Bohr, Heisenberg, and Schrödinger. In R. S. Cohen (ed.), Physics, Philosophy, and Psychoanalysis: Essays in Honor of Adolf Grünbaum. D. Reidel Publishing Company 209--221.
    Many of the pioneers of quantum mechanics — notably Planck, Einstein, Bohr, de Broglie, Heisenberg, Schrodinger, Born, Jordan, Lande, Wigner, and London — were seriously concerned with philosophical questions. In each case one can ask a question of psychological and historical interest: was it a philosophical penchant which drew the investigator towards a kind of physics research which is linked to philosophy, or was it rather that the conceptual difficulties of fundamental physics pulled him willy-nilly into the labyrinth of philosophy? (...)
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  19.  29 DLs
    Alan Ross Anderson, Monroe Beardsley, Richard Rorty, Abner Shimony, Frederick Sontag & Francis V. Raab (1955). Comments on Harrah's Theses. Review of Metaphysics 9 (1):118 - 124.
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  20.  28 DLs
    Abner Shimony (1992). That There Exists No Greatest Prime. Synthese 92 (3):313 - 314.
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  21.  28 DLs
    Abner Shimony (1992). On Carnap: Reflections of a Metaphysical Student. [REVIEW] Synthese 93 (1-2):261 - 274.
  22.  26 DLs
    Abner Shimony (1971). Perception From an Evolutionary Point of View. Journal of Philosophy 68 (19):571-583.
  23.  22 DLs
    Abner Shimony (1996). For the Birthday of a Decision Theorist. Erkenntnis 45 (2-3):143 -.
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  24.  21 DLs
    Abner Shimony (1991). John Stewart Bell: 1928–1990. [REVIEW] Foundations of Physics 21 (5):509-512.
  25.  21 DLs
    Daniel Greenberger & Abner Shimony (2003). The Presence of David Mermin. Foundations of Physics 33 (10):1419-1422.
  26.  20 DLs
    Abner Shimony (2003). Four Poems Dedicated to David Mermin. Foundations of Physics 33 (11):1699-1700.
  27.  19 DLs
    Abner Shimony (1947). An Ontological Examination of Causation. Review of Metaphysics 1 (1):52 - 68.
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  28.  18 DLs
    Abner Shimony (1989). Reply to Sober. Biology and Philosophy 4 (3):281-286.
  29.  16 DLs
    Abner Shimony (1990). Desiderata for a Modified Quantum Dynamics. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1990:49 - 59.
    If quantum mechanics is interpreted as an objective, complete, physical theory, applying to macroscopic as well as microscopic systems, then the linearity of quantum dynamics gives rise to the measurement problem and related problems, which cannot be solved without modifying the dynamics. Eight desiderata are proposed for a reasonable modified theory. They favor a stochastic modification rather than a deterministic non-linear one, but the spontaneous localization theories of Ghirardi et al. and Pearle are criticized. The intermittent fluorescence of a trapped (...)
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  30.  15 DLs
    Joseph Hall, Christopher Kim, Brien McElroy & Abner Shimony (1977). Wave-Packet Reduction as a Medium of Communication. Foundations of Physics 7 (9-10):759-767.
    Using an apparatus in which two scalers register decays from a radioactive source, an observer located near one of the scalers attempted to convey a message to an observer located near the other one by choosing to look or to refrain from looking at his scaler. The results indicate that no message was conveyed. Doubt is thereby thrown upon the hypothesis that the reduction of the wave packet is due to the interaction of the physical apparatus with the psyche of (...)
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  31.  15 DLs
    Herbert Feigl, Carl G. Hempel, Richard C. Jeffrey, W. V. Quine, A. Shimony, Yehoshua Bar-Hillel, Herbert G. Bohnert, Robert S. Cohen, Charles Hartshorne, David Kaplan, Charles Morris, Maria Reichenbach & Wolfgang Stegmüller (1970). Homage to Rudolf Carnap. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1970.
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  32.  14 DLs
    Abner Shimony & Howard Stein (2003). On Quantum Non-Locality, Special Relativity, and Counterfactual Reasoning. In A. Ashtekar (ed.), Revisiting the Foundations of Relativistic Physics. 499--521.
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  33.  13 DLs
    Abner Shimony (2005). Quantum Mechanics and the Philosophy of Alfred North Whitehead (Review). Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 41 (3):714-723.
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  34.  9 DLs
    Abner Shimony (1994). Empirical and Rational Components in Scientific Confirmation. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1994:146 - 155.
    Some desiderata for scientific confirmation are formulated in the light of a tentative scientific world view. Bayesian confirmation theories generically satisfy most of these desiderata, but one of them, "the strategy of ascent," fits best in a tempered personalist version of Bayesianism. There are both empirical and rational components, dialectically combined, in tempered personalism. The question of explanation vs. prediction is treated in a Bayesian manner, and it is found that both operations are susceptible to characteristic systematic errors. If these (...)
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  35.  9 DLs
    Abner Shimony (1980). Critique of the Papers of Fine and Suppes. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1980:572 - 580.
    A combination of methodological considerations and propositions about the causal structure of spacetime provides a reply to Fine's criticisms of the "factorizability requirement" used in several versions of Bell's theorem. His proposal of "action in harmony" is criticized. Experimental tests are proposed for both the "synchronization models" and the "prism models", which Fine has invented as loopholes to Bell's theorem. A theorem of Suppes and Zanotti which purports to show the impossibility of hidden variables is criticized. One of their crucial (...)
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  36.  7 DLs
    Abner Shimony (1967). Amplifying Personal Probability Theory: Comments on L. J. Savage's "Difficulties in the Theory of Personal Probability". Philosophy of Science 34 (4):326-332.
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  37.  5 DLs
    Abner Shimony (2002). Some Intellectual Obligations of Epistemological Naturalism. In David B. Malament (ed.), Reading Natural Philosophy: Essays in the History and Philosophy of Science and Mathematics. Open Court 297--313.
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  38.  4 DLs
    Abner Shimony (2009). UnfinishedWork: A Bequest. In Wayne C. Myrvold & Joy Christian (eds.), Quantum Reality, Relativistic Causality, and Closing the Epistemic Circle. Springer 479--491.
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  39.  4 DLs
    Abner Shimony (1988). On Martin Eger's "a Tale of Two Controversies". Zygon 23 (3):333-340.
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  40.  4 DLs
    Abner Shimony (1954). Braithwaite on Scientific Method. Review of Metaphysics 7 (4):644 - 660.
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  41.  3 DLs
    W. K. Essler & Abner Shimony (1968). Reviews. [REVIEW] Synthese 18 (1):109-120.
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  42.  3 DLs
    Abner Shimony (1948). The Status and Nature of Essences. Review of Metaphysics 1 (3):38 - 79.
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  43.  3 DLs
    Abner Shimony (1962). Comments on the Papers of Prof. S. Schiller and Prof. A. Siegel. Synthese 14 (2-3):189 - 192.
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  44.  3 DLs
    James B. Hartle, K. V. Laurikainen, Henry J. Folse D'Espagnat Paris, Asher Peres, Abner Shimony, Henry Stapp & Stig Stenholm (1994). Symposium on the Foundations of Modern Physics 1994. Foundations of Physics 24 (2).
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  45.  2 DLs
    Abner Shimony, Helmut Rauch, Giancarlo Ghirardi, Catherine Chevalley, Jean-Marc Lévy-Leblond & Yuri F. Orlov (1999). Epistemological and Experimental Perspectives on Quantum Physics. Springer Netherlands.
    The Society for the Advancement of the Scientific World Conception has done me a great honor by inviting me to be the Sixth Vienna Circle Lecturer. The invitation has also stirred some deep emotions. A central figure of the Vienna Circle, Rudolf Carnap, was my revered teacher of philosophy at the University of Chicago in 1948–9 and later an informal adviser when I wrote a doctoral thesis at Yale University on inductive logic, and he was a friend during those years (...)
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  46.  2 DLs
    Abner Shimony (1976). Comments on the Papers of Brush and Tisza. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1976:609 - 616.
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  47.  2 DLs
    Abner Shimony (1954). Review: Yehoshua Bar-Hillel, A Note on Comparative Inductive Logic. [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 19 (4):300-301.
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  48.  2 DLs
    John S. Bell, J. Clauser, M. Horne & A. Shimony (1985). An Exchange on Local Beables. Dialectica 39 (2):85-96.
    Summarya) Bell tries to formulate more explicitly a notion of “local causality”: correlations between physical events in different space‐time regions should be explicable in terms of physical events in the overlap of the backward light cones. It is shown that ordinary relativistic quantum field theory is not locally causal in this sense, and cannot be embedded in a locally causal theory.b) Clauser, Home and Shimony criticize several steps in Bell's argument that any theory of local “beables” is incompatible with quantum (...)
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  49.  2 DLs
    Abner Shimony (1954). Review: Yehoshua Bar-Hillel, On Recursive Definitions in Empirical Sciences. [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 19 (4):300-300.
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  50.  2 DLs
    Abner Shimony (1955). Review: John G. Kemeny, A Contribution to Inductive Logic. [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 20 (2):189-189.
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