Search results for 'A. T. Campbell' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Donald Thomas Campbell (1988). Methodology and Epistemology for Social Science: Selected Papers. University of Chicago Press.score: 960.0
    Since the 1950s, Donald T. Campbell has been one of the most influential contributors to the methodology of the social sciences. A distinguished psychologist, he has published scores of widely cited journal articles, and two awards, in social psychology and in public policy, have been named in his honor. This book is the first to collect his most significant papers, and it demonstrates the breadth and originality of his work.
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  2. A. T. Campbell (2012). Bioethics in the Public Square: Reflections on the How. Journal of Medical Ethics 38 (7):439-441.score: 960.0
    As bioethics gains more prominence in public policy debates, it is time to more fully reflect on the following: what is its role in the public square, and what limitations relate to and barriers impede its fulfilment of this role? I contend we should consider the how of bioethics (as a policy influencer) rather than simply focus on the who or what of bioethical enquiry. This is not to suggest considerations of latter categories are not important, only that too little (...)
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  3. Donald T. Campbell (1959). Methodological Suggestions From a Comparative Psychology of Knowledge Processes. Inquiry 2 (1-4):152 – 182.score: 900.0
    Introductory Abstract Philosophers of science, in the course of making a sharp distinction between the tasks of the philosopher and those of the scientist, have pointed to the possibility of an empirical science of induction. A comparative psychology of knowledge processes is offered as one aspect of this potential enterprise. From fragments of such a psychology, methodological suggestions are drawn relevant to several chronic problems in the social sciences, including the publication of negative results from novel explorations, the operational diagnosis (...)
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  4. John Campbell (2012). Cogito Ergo Sum: Christopher Peacocke and John Campbell: II—Lichtenberg and the Cogito. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 112 (3):361-378.score: 900.0
    Our use of ‘I’, or something like it, is implicated in our self-regarding emotions, in the concern to survive, and so seems basic to ordinary human life. But why does that pattern of use require a referring term? Don't Lichtenberg's formulations show how we could have our ordinary pattern of use here without the first person? I argue that what explains our compulsion to regard the first person as a referring term is our ordinary causal thinking, which requires us to (...)
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  5. Donald T. Campbell (1984). Science Policy From a Naturalistic Sociological Epistemology. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1984:14 - 29.score: 900.0
    If philosophers of science advise government on science policy, it will have to be from a descriptive theory of scientific validity taken as hypothetically normative, as in naturalized epistemology. While logical positivism denied any normative import for the practice of science, in the area of "operational definitions" it had an unfortunate influence in psychology and sociology, and one that persists in the accountability movement. Not all philosophy of science issues have implications for the justificatory practice of scientists. For example, both (...)
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  6. T. Lysaght, B. J. Capps, A. V. Campbell, M. Subramaniam & S. -A. Chong (2012). Intervening in Clinical Research to Prevent the Onset of Psychoses: Conflicts and Obligations. Journal of Medical Ethics 38 (5):319-321.score: 900.0
    A prevailing issue in clinical research is the duty clinicians have to treat or prevent the progression of disease during a study that they are conducting. While all clinical researchers have a duty of care for the patients who participate in clinical research, intervening at the onset or progression of disease may skew results and have a negative impact on the scientific validity of a study. Extreme examples of failures to intervene can be found in the Tuskegee syphilis study and (...)
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  7. S. -A. Chong, B. J. Capps, M. Subramaniam, T. C. Voo & A. V. Campbell (2010). Clinical Research in Times of Pandemics. Public Health Ethics 3 (1):35-38.score: 900.0
    During a pandemic, where there is widespread human infection, various and varying measures are taken that are targeted at public health objectives. During the early stages of a pandemic, these objectives may focus on containing the disease and minimizing its spread, but they may switch to mitigation as the emergent infectious disease takes hold in a population. There has been considerable debate and elucidation of the ethical principles and framework for the various responses including the need to fast track research (...)
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  8. Valerie A. Thompson, Jonathan St B. T. Evans & Jamie I. D. Campbell (2013). Matching Bias on the Selection Task: It's Fast and Feels Good. Thinking and Reasoning 19 (3-4):431-452.score: 870.0
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  9. A. T. Campbell, S. F. Derrington, D. M. Hester & C. D. Lew (2011). Her Own Decision: Impairment and Authenticity in Adolescence. Journal of Clinical Ethics 23 (1):47-55.score: 870.0
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  10. P. J. T. Morris, W. A. Campbell, H. L. Roberts & J. K. Smith (1994). Milestones in 150 Years of the Chemical Industry. Annals of Science 51 (6):680.score: 870.0
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  11. Donald T. Campbell (1988). A General 'Selection Theory', as Implemented in Biological Evolution and in Social Belief-Transmission-with-Modification in Science. Biology and Philosophy 3 (2):171-177.score: 810.0
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  12. N. C. A. Costdaa, David Harrah, Michael Tye, D. S. Clarke, Jeffrey Olen, Robert Young, Richard Campbell, Michael McKinsey, John Peterson, Alex C. Michalos, John Glucker, John T. Blackmore, Eileen Bagus & Barbara Goodwin (1985). Book Reviews. [REVIEW] Philosophia 15 (1-2):279-281.score: 810.0
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  13. Donald T. Campbell (1991). A Naturalistic Theory of Archaic Moral Orders. Zygon 26 (1):91-114.score: 810.0
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  14. T. D. Campbell & A. J. M. McKay (1978). Antenatal Injury and the Rights of the Foetus. Philosophical Quarterly 28 (110):17-30.score: 810.0
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  15. Donald T. Campbell, Nan A. Lewis & W. A. Hunt (1958). Context Effects with Judgmental Language That is Absolute, Extensive, and Extra-Experimentally Anchored. Journal of Experimental Psychology 55 (3):220.score: 810.0
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  16. Amy T. Campbell (2002). A Lawyer's Perspective on Graduate Studies in Bioethics. American Journal of Bioethics 2 (4):1-2.score: 810.0
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  17. T. D. Campbell (1974). Formal Justice and Rule-Change: A Reply to Holborow. Analysis 35 (1):19 - 21.score: 810.0
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  18. K. T. S. Campbell (1970). ‘The Phoenix and the Turtle’ as a Signpost of Shakespeare's Development. British Journal of Aesthetics 10 (2):169-179.score: 810.0
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  19. K. T. S. Campbell (1968). The Purification of Poetry: A Note on the Poetics of Ezra Pound's ‘Cantos’. British Journal of Aesthetics 8 (2):124-137.score: 810.0
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  20. A. Y. Campbell (1956). Sophocles, O.T. 220–1: Corrigenda. Classical Quarterly 6 (1-2):54-.score: 810.0
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  21. F. X. Alario, S. Allen, G. T. M. Altmann, P. Bach, C. Becchio, I. Blanchette, L. Boroditsky, A. Brown, R. Campbell & U. Cartwright-Finch (2007). Dehaene-Lambertz, G., 261 Dijkstra, K., 139 Dumay, N., 341. Cognition 102:486-487.score: 810.0
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  22. T. D. Campbell, D. D. Raphael & A. L. Macfie (1977). Adam Smith: The Theory of Moral Sentiments. Philosophical Quarterly 27 (109):359.score: 810.0
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  23. Amy T. Campbell (2005). In Search of a Real “Third Way” in Process and Outcome. American Journal of Bioethics 5 (6):66-68.score: 810.0
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  24. David M. A. Campbell (1989). The Moral Philosophy of T. H. Green. Philosophical Books 30 (3):147-149.score: 810.0
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  25. Slater E. Newman & Ralph T. Campbell (1971). A-B and B-A Performance as Functions of Test Instructions and Reading Order. Journal of Experimental Psychology 88 (1):57.score: 810.0
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  26. Lee T. Copping, Anne Campbell & Steven Muncer (2013). Violence, Teenage Pregnancy, and Life History. Human Nature 24 (2):137-157.score: 510.0
    Guided by principles of life history strategy development, this study tested the hypothesis that sexual precocity and violence are influenced by sensitivities to local environmental conditions. Two models of strategy development were compared: The first is based on indirect perception of ecological cues through family disruption and the second is based on both direct and indirect perception of ecological stressors. Results showed a moderate correlation between rates of violence and sexual precocity (r = 0.59). Although a model incorporating direct and (...)
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  27. Franz M. Wuketits (2001). The Philosophy of Donald T. Campbell: A Short Review and Critical Appraisal. [REVIEW] Biology and Philosophy 16 (2):171-188.score: 489.0
    Aside from his remarkable studies in psychology and the social sciences, Donald Thomas Campbell (1916–1996) made significant contributions to philosophy, particularly philosophy of science,epistemology, and ethics. His name and his work are inseparably linked with the evolutionary approach to explaining human knowledge (evolutionary epistemology). He was an indefatigable supporter of the naturalistic turn in philosophy and has strongly influenced the discussion of moral issues (evolutionary ethics). The aim of this paper is to briefly characterize Campbells work and to discuss (...)
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  28. Neil Campbell, Anomalous Monism.score: 450.0
    identity theory , usually attributed to J.J.C. Smart (Smart, 1959) and U.T. Place (Place, 1956), claimed that kinds of mental states are identical to kinds of brain states. Sensations of pain, for instance, were said to be identical to the firing of C-fibres or some such type of neurological state. According to this view, then, pain, conceived as a _kind_ of mental state, is said to be _reduced_ to a certain kind of neurological state. The reduction envisaged here was modelled (...)
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  29. Scott Campbell (2004). Seeing Objects and Surfaces, and the 'in Virtue Of' Relation. Philosophy 79 (309):393-402.score: 450.0
    Frank Jackson in Perception uses the relation to ground the distinction between direct and indirect perception. He argues that it follows that our perception of physical objects is mediated by perceiving their facing surfaces, and so is indirect. I argue that this is false. Seeing a part of an object is in itself a seeing of the object; there is no indirectness involved. Hence, the relation is an inadequate basis for the direct-indirect distinction. I also argue that claims that we (...)
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  30. Scott Campbell (2000). Defending Common Sense. [REVIEW] Partisan Review.score: 450.0
    The greatest philosopher of the twentieth century may not have been Wittgenstein, or Russell, or Quine (and he certainly wasn’t Heidegger), but he may have been a somewhat obscure and conservative Australian named David Stove (1927-94). If he wasn’t the greatest philosopher of the century, Stove was certainly the funniest and most dazzling defender of common sense to be numbered among the ranks of last century’s thinkers, better even—by far—than G. E. Moore and J. L. Austin. The twentieth century was (...)
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  31. Adam Lindgreen, Valérie Swaen & Timothy T. Campbell (2009). Corporate Social Responsibility Practices in Developing and Transitional Countries: Botswana and Malawi. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 90 (3):429 - 440.score: 450.0
    This research empirically investigated the CSR practices of 84 Botswana and Malawi organizations. The findings revealed that the extent and type of CSR practices in these countries did not significantly differ from that proposed by a U. S. model of CSR, nor did they significantly differ between Botswana and Malawi. There were, however, differences between the sampled organizations that clustered into a stakeholder perspective and traditional capitalist model groups. In the latter group, the board of directors, owners, and shareholders were (...)
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  32. Mark H. Bickhard & Donald T. Campbell (2003). Variations in Variation and Selection: The Ubiquity of the Variation-and-Selective-Retention Ratchet in Emergent Organizational Complexity. [REVIEW] Foundations of Science 8 (3):215-282.score: 450.0
    The variation and selection form of explanationcan be prescinded from the evolutionary biologyhome ground in which it was discovered and forwhich it has been most developed. When this isdone, variation and selection explanations arefound to have potential application to a widerange of phenomena, far beyond the classicalbiological ground and the contemporaryextensions into epistemological domains. Itappears as the form of explanation most suitedto phenomena of fit. It is also found toparticipate in multiple interestingrelationships with other forms of explanation. We proceed with (...)
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  33. Amy T. Campbell, Jay Sicklick, Paula Galowitz, Randye Retkin & Stewart B. Fleishman (2010). How Bioethics Can Enrich Medical-Legal Collaborations. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 38 (4):847-862.score: 450.0
    Medical-legal partnerships (MLPs) — collaborative endeavors between health care clinicians and lawyers to more effectively address issues impacting health care — have proliferated over the past decade. The goal of this interdisciplinary approach is to improve the health outcomes and quality of life of patients and families, recognizing the many non-medical influences on health care and thus the value of an interdisciplinary team to enhance health. This article examines the unique, interrelated ethical issues that confront the clinical and legal partners (...)
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  34. Liz Campbell, James Chalmers & Antony Duff (2014). Preface: The Presumption of Innocence. Criminal Law and Philosophy 8 (2):283-284.score: 450.0
    Common lawyers are accustomed to the presumption of innocence being described as a “golden thread” running “[t]hroughout the web” of the criminal law: “that it is the duty of the prosecution to prove the prisoner’s guilt” (Woolmington v DPP [1935] AC 462 per Viscount Sankey LC at 481). But although the language of “golden thread” is memorable and oft-quoted, the presumption of innocence must mean more than this: it is not simply a restatement of the burden of proof in a (...)
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  35. Amy T. Campbell (2012). Teaching Law in Medical Schools: First, Reflect. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 40 (2):301-310.score: 450.0
    Law is now routinely included in the medical school curriculum, often incorporated into bioethics and/or practice of medicine coursework. There seems to lack, however, a systematic understanding of what works in terms of getting across an effective depth and breadth of legal knowledge for medical students — or what such would even look like. Moreover, and more critically, while some literature addresses these what, when, how, and who questions, a more fundamental question is left unanswered: why teach law in medical (...)
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  36. Cecilia M. Heyes (1997). A Tribute to Donald T. Campbell. Biology and Philosophy 12 (3):299-301.score: 435.0
  37. Charles B. Cousar (forthcoming). Book Review: Inhabiting the Cruciform God: Kenosis, Justification, and Theosis in Paul's Narrative Soteriology by Michael J. Gorman Eerdmans, Grand Rapids, 2009. 394 Pp. $24.00. ISBN 978-0-8028-6265-5.; Justification: God's Plan and Paul's Vision by N. T. Wright InterVarsity, Downers Groves, Ill., 2009. 279 Pp. $25.00 (Cloth). ISBN 978-0-8308-3863-9.; The Deliverance of God: An Apocalyptic Rereading of Justification in Paul by Douglas A. Campbell Eerdmans, Grand Rapids, 2009. 1,248 Pp. $60.00 (Cloth). ISBN 978-0-8028-3126-2. [REVIEW] Interpretation 64 (4):414-416.score: 405.0
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  38. Adrian Coates (1933). Albert Schweitzer. My Life and Thought. An Autobiography. Translated by C. T. Campion, M.A. (London: G. Allen & Unwin, Ltd. 1933. Pp. 288. Price 10s. 6d.)The Faiths and Heresies of a Poet and Scientist. By Ronald Campbell Macfie, M.A., M.B., CM., LL.D. (London: Williams & Norgate. 1932. Pp. 184. Price 7s. 6d.)Bewilderment and Faith. By F. E. England, Ph.D., M.A., B.D. (London: Williams & Norgate. 1933. Pp. 91. Price 3s.). [REVIEW] Philosophy 8 (32):496-.score: 405.0
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  39. Peter Richerson, Evolution: The Darwinian Theory of Social Change, an Homage to Donald T. Campbell.score: 297.0
    One of the earliest and most influential papers applying Darwinian theory to human cultural evolution was Donald T. Campbell’s paper “Variation and Selective Retention in Sociocultural Systems.” Campbell’s programmatic essay appeared as a chapter in a book entitled Social Change in Developing Areas (Barringer et al., 1965). It sketched a very ambitious project to apply Darwinian principles to the study of the evolution of human behavior. His essential theses were four.
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  40. T. A. Cowan (1959). The Definition of Law. By H. Kantorowicz. Edited by A. H. Campbell. Cambridge University Press, 1958. Pp. XIV, 113. $3.00. [REVIEW] American Journal of Jurisprudence 4 (1):178-182.score: 246.0
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  41. T. E. Wright (1935). Restorations and Emendations of Horace Horati Carmina Viginti Restituit Emendauitue A. Y. Campbell. Pp. Viii + 52. London: Hodder and Stoughton, 1934. Paper, 5s. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 49 (01):31-32.score: 219.0
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  42. T. E. Wright (1955). Horace Again Rewritten A. Y. Campbell: Horace, Odes and Epodes, Re-Edited with Notes in English. Pp. Xxiii+339. Liverpool: University Press, 1953. Cloth, 20s. Net. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 5 (01):75-77.score: 219.0
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  43. F. Heylighen (forthcoming). Donald T. Campbell DT Selection of Organization at the Social Level: Obstacles and Facilitators of Metasystem Transitions. World Futures: The Journal of General Evolution": Special Issue on" the Quantum of Evolution: Toward a Theory of Metaystem Transitions", F. Heylighen, C. Joslyn, V. Turchin (Eds.).score: 219.0
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  44. T. E. Wright (1946). Horace Rewritten Q. Horati Flacci Carmina cum Epodis edidit emendauit adnotauit A. Y. Campbell. Pp. 212. Liverpool: University Press, 1945. Cloth, 10s. 6d. net. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 60 (03):112-113.score: 219.0
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  45. P. T. Geach (1977). From Belief to Understanding A Study of Anselm's Proslogion Argument for the Existence of God By Richard Campbell Australian National University Press, 1976, 229 Pp, Australian $6.95. [REVIEW] Philosophy 52 (200):234-.score: 189.0
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  46. E. T. Mitchell (1934). Book Review:Scepticism and Construction: Bradley's Sceptical Principles as the Basis of Constructive Philosophy. Charles A. Campbell. [REVIEW] Ethics 44 (3):362-.score: 189.0
  47. T. (1892). Campbell's Guide to Greek Tragedy A Guide to Greek Tragedy for English Readers: By Lewis Campbell, M.A., LL.D., Professor of Greek in the University of St. Andrews. London: Percival and Co. 1891. 6s. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 6 (04):162-163.score: 189.0
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  48. T. Russell (2003). Medical Ethics, 3rd Edn. A Campbell, G Gillett, G Jones. Oxford University Press, 2001, £19.95, Pp 297. ISBN 0 19 558445 7. [REVIEW] Journal of Medical Ethics 29 (2):122-123.score: 189.0
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  49. Simeon O. Ilesanmi (2000). Just War Theory in Comparative Perspective: A Review Essay. [REVIEW] Journal of Religious Ethics 28 (1):137 - 155.score: 126.0
    The late twentieth century has provided both reasons and occasions for reassessing just war theory as an organizing framework for the moral analysis of war. Books by G. Scott Davis, James T. Johnson, and John Kelsay, together with essays by Jeffrey Stout, Charles Butterworth, David Little, Bruce Lawrence, Courtney Campbell, and Tamara Sonn, signal a remarkable shift in war studies as they enlarge the cultural lens through which the interests and forces at play in political violence are identified and (...)
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  50. Will Newsome (2013). How to Start a Wet Forest Ablaze: Perspectives on the Question of the Origins of Human Mindedness. [REVIEW] Biosemiotics 6 (3):311-322.score: 126.0
    This paper is a methodological and theoretical meditation on how some research has approached the question of the evolution of human cognitive traits. I discuss views that explicitly or implicitly endorse a view of human cognition as originating from a cause that can be singled out. Following Ross and Ladyman (2010), I suggest that this “singling-out” strategy correlates with a “container” metaphor that doesn’t fit with the interactive process-ontology of modern physics (Campbell 2009). Instead, Ross and Ladyman as well (...)
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