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Andrew Williams [24]A. Williams [13]A. N. Williams [10]Alan Williams [7]
Alastair Williams [5]Anne Williams [5]Allan Williams [5]Anthony Marc Williams [4]

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Profile: Andrew Williams (University of Warwick, Universitat Pompeu Fabra)
Profile: Amy Williams (University of Texas at Austin)
Profile: Alisha Williams (Agnes Scott College)
Profile: Arci Williams
Profile: Artie Williams
Profile: Alicia Williams
Profile: Aled Williams (University of Derby)
Profile: Anya Williams (Sharnbrook Upper School)
Profile: Audrey Williams
Profile: Alvina Williams (Kean College of New Jersey)
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  1. Anita Williams (2010). The Importance of Distinguishing Between the Theoretical Attitude and the Natural Scientific Attitude in the Discipline of Psychology. Studia Phaenomenologica 10:235-250.
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  2. Andrew Williams (1998). Incentives, Inequality, and Publicity. Philosophy and Public Affairs 27 (3):225–247.
    The JSTOR Archive is a trusted digital repository providing for long-term preservation and access to leading academic journals and scholarly literature from around the world. The Archive is supported by libraries, scholarly societies, publishers, and foundations. It is an initiative of JSTOR, a not-for-profit organization with a mission to help the scholarly community take advantage of advances in technology. For more information regarding JSTOR, please contact support@jstor.org.
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  3. Andrew Williams (2008). Justice, Incentives and Constructivism. Ratio 21 (4):476-493.
    In Rescuing Justice and Equality , G. A. Cohen reiterates his critique of John Rawls's difference principle as a justification for inequality-generating incentives, and also argues that Rawls's ambition to provide a constructivist defence of the first principles of justice is doomed. Cohen's arguments also suggest a natural response to my earlier attempt to defend the basic structure objection to Cohen's critique, which I term the alien factors reply. This paper criticises the reply, and Cohen's more general argument against Rawls's (...)
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  4.  30
    Andrew Williams (2012). The Priority View Bites the Dust? Utilitas 24 (03):315-331.
    This article distinguishes between a telic and a deontic version of Derek Parfit's influential Priority View. Employing the distinction, it shows that the existence of variations in how intrapersonal and interpersonal conflicts should be resolved fails to provide a compelling case in favour of relational egalitarianism and against all pure versions of the Priority View. In addition, the article argues that those variations are better understood as providing counterevidence to certain distribution-sensitive versions of consequentialism.
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  5.  12
    Alan Williams (2012). The Value of QALYs. In Stephen Holland (ed.), Arguing About Bioethics. Routledge 423.
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  6. Allison Williams, Kimberley Crawford, Elizabeth Manias, Christine Ellis, Kim Mullins, Kathy Howe, Elaine Kennedy, Orla Maney, Tia Mark, Debbie Gregory, Emma Van Hardeveld, Doris Yip & Jac Kee Low (2015). Examining the Preparation and Ongoing Support of Adults to Take Their Medications as Prescribed in Kidney Transplantation. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 21 (2):180-186.
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  7. Matthew Clayton & Andrew Williams (eds.) (2000). The Ideal of Equality. Macmillan.
     
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  8.  43
    Andrew Williams (2004). Equality, Ambition and Insurance. Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 78 (1):131–150.
    [Andrew Williams] It is difficult for prioritarians to explain the degree to which justice requires redress for misfortune in a way that avoids imposing unreasonably high costs on more advantaged individuals whilst also economising on intuitionist appeals to judgment. An appeal to hypothetical insurance may be able to solve the problems of cost and judgment more successfully, and can also be defended from critics who claim that resource egalitarianism is best understood to favour the ex post elimination of envy over (...)
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  9.  65
    Andrew Williams (2000). The Alleged Incompleteness of Public Reason. Res Publica 6 (2):199-211.
    According to John Rawls's ideal of liberal public reason, comprehensive moral, religious and philosophical doctrines should play no more than an auxiliary or marginal role in the political life of constitutional democracies. David Reidy has recently claimed that since liberal public reason is incomplete, comprehensive doctrines, and non-public reasons, must play a wider role than Rawls admits. In response, I argue that Reidy's arguments do not establish that liberal public reason is incomplete. Furthermore, even if the substantive values embodied in (...)
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  10.  47
    Andrew Williams (2002). Dworkin on Capability. Ethics 113 (1):23-39.
  11.  28
    Andrew D. Williams (1995). The Revisionist Difference Principle. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 25 (2):257 - 281.
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  12. A. Williams (2012). Quintessence. Medical Humanities 38 (1):e6-e6.
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  13.  1
    Allison F. Williams, Elizabeth Manias & Rowan Walker (2010). Standard Care in Diabetic Kidney Disease: A Survey of Medical Specialists in Diabetes and Nephrology Outpatient Clinics. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 16 (3):517-519.
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  14.  44
    A. Williams (1992). Cost-Effectiveness Analysis: Is It Ethical? Journal of Medical Ethics 18 (1):7-11.
    Many clinicians believe that allowing costs to influence clinical decisions is unethical. They are mistaken in this belief, because it cannot be ethical to ignore the adverse consequences upon others of the decisions you make, which is what 'costs' represent. There are, however, some important ethical issues in deciding what costs to count, and how to count them. But these dilemmas are equally strong with respect to what benefits to count and how to count them, some of which expose ethically (...)
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  15.  12
    Daniel A. Osei, Ariel A. Williams & Andrew J. Weiland (2012). Concomitant Compressive Neuropathy of the Ulnar and Median Nerves in the Hand by Midpalmar Ganglion. In Zdravko Radman (ed.), The Hand. MIT Press 1--3.
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  16.  16
    Anthony Marc Williams (2008). Why Survival is Enough. Journal of Value Inquiry 42 (4):433-449.
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  17.  5
    Alan Williams (1995). Economics, QALYs and Medical Ethics — A Health Economist's Perspective. Health Care Analysis 3 (3):221-226.
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  18.  9
    Andrew J. Williams (2010). The Ethos of Europe: Values, Law and Justice in the Eu. Cambridge University Press.
    Machine generated contents note: 1. Introduction; 2. Peace; 3. Rule of law; 4. Human rights; 5. Democracy; 6. Liberty; 7. The institutional ethos of the EU; 8. Towards the EU as a just institution; 9. Concluding proposals.
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  19.  3
    Arthur Robin Williams (2015). Opportunities in Reform: Bioethics and Mental Health Ethics. Bioethics 30 (2):n/a-n/a.
    Last year marks the first year of implementation for both the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act and the Mental Health Parity and Addiction Equity Act in the United States. As a result, healthcare reform is moving in the direction of integrating care for physical and mental illness, nudging clinicians to consider medical and psychiatric comorbidity as the expectation rather than the exception. Understanding the intersections of physical and mental illness with autonomy and self-determination in a system realigning its (...)
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  20.  24
    Andrew Williams (2002). Equality for the Ambitious. [REVIEW] Philosophical Quarterly 52 (208):377–389.
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  21.  28
    Paula Casal & Andrew Williams (2004). Equality of Resources and Procreative Justice. In Ronald Dworkin & Justine Burley (eds.), Dworkin and His Critics: With Replies by Dworkin. Blackwell Pub. 150--169.
  22.  15
    A. N. Williams (1997). Mystical Theology Redux: The Pattern of Aquinas' Summa Theologiae. Modern Theology 13 (1):53-74.
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  23. A. N. Williams (1999). The Ground of Union Deification in Aquinas and Palamas. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
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  24.  5
    Amanda C. De C. Williams (2002). Facial Expression of Pain: An Evolutionary Account. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (4):439-455.
    This paper proposes that human expression of pain in the presence or absence of caregivers, and the detection of pain by observers, arises from evolved propensities. The function of pain is to demand attention and prioritise escape, recovery, and healing; where others can help achieve these goals, effective communication of pain is required. Evidence is reviewed of a distinct and specific facial expression of pain from infancy to old age, consistent across stimuli, and recognizable as pain by observers. Voluntary control (...)
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  25.  3
    Richard Lynn, Gerhard Meisenberg, Jaan Mikk & Amandy Williams (2007). National Iqs Predict Differences in Scholastic Achievement in 67 Countries. Journal of Biosocial Science 39 (6):861-874.
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  26.  72
    Andrew Williams (2001). Book Review. On Nationality David Miller. [REVIEW] Mind 110 (438):512-516.
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  27.  14
    Alan Williams (1999). Inequalities in Health and Intergenerational Equity. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 2 (1):47-55.
    In the popular folklore three-score-years-and-ten is treated as a fair innings for people, and thereby serves as an informal reference point for judgements about distributive justice within a community. But length of life alone is an insufficient basis for such judgements - a person's health-related quality-of-life also needs to be taken into account. If one of the objectives of public policy is to reduce inequalities in lifetime health, it will be demonstrated that this is very likely to require systematic discrimination (...)
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  28.  6
    Abigail Williams (2005). The Poetry of the Un-Enlightened: Politics and Literary Enthusiasm in the Early Eighteenth Century. History of European Ideas 31 (2):299-311.
    This paper will explore the notion of ‘poetic enthusiasm’ in early 18th-century verse. The representation of poetic enthusiasm—the claim to false inspiration, and the fanaticism that was perceived to accompany it—was frequently politicized in this period. Through a conflation of religious and literary discourses, poetic enthusiasm was seen to represent the sae kind of anarchy in the realm of literature that the religious enthusiasm associated with Dissent did in the context of the established church. This paper will establish first of (...)
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  29.  15
    Adebayo Williams (1998). Intellectuals and the Crisis of Democratization in Nigeria: Towards a Theory of Postcolonial Anomie. [REVIEW] Theory and Society 27 (2):287-307.
  30.  17
    Andrew Williams (2013). How Gifts and Gambles Preserve Justice. Economics and Philosophy 29 (1):65-85.
    This paper examines G. A. Cohen's final criticism of Ronald Dworkin's theory of equality of resources, which targets its treatment of inequalities that arise when some individuals make luckier choices than others make. Rebutting Cohen's argument that such option luck inequalities fail to be just in an unqualified sense, the paper argues that choice does not merely render inequality legitimate but instead can sometimes make inequality just. It also examines the relationship between Cohen's criticism and the conception of equality developed (...)
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  31.  11
    Arthur R. Williams (1990). Heads, Feds, and Beds. Business and Professional Ethics Journal 9 (3/4):83-94.
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  32.  10
    Joy Merrell & Anne Williams (1994). Participant Observation and Informed Consent: Relationships and Tactical Decision-Making in Nursing Research. Nursing Ethics 1 (3):163-172.
    This paper draws on research undertaken by the authors in community well woman clinics and hospital settings. Discussion focuses on issues around informed consent and participant observation. The authors are concerned to highlight the complexity of decision-making where researchers hold dual or multiple agendas, which are sometimes in conflict. Further situational factors which affect decision-making in research settings are explored. In particular, the complexity of gaining informed consent throughout the research process is addressed. The intention is not to point to (...)
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  33.  33
    Andrew Williams (1999). Resource Egalitarianism and the Limits to Basic Income. Economics and Philosophy 15 (1):85.
    In his widely-discussed book, Real Freedom for All, Philippe Van Parijs argues that justice requires the provision of a universal, unconditional basic income. Some critics reject that conclusion on the grounds that it violates requirements of reciprocity or prohibitions on exploitation, free-riding and parasitism. This paper explores a less familiar critique, which operates within the same resource egalitarian parameters as Van Parijs's argument, and leaves unchallenged his conviction that justice requires a basic income. Instead the paper suggests two reasons to (...)
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  34. A. Williams (1995). Health Economics and Health Care Priorities. Health Care Analysis 3 (3):221-234.
     
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  35.  9
    Anita Williams (2010). The Importance of the Theoretical Attitude to Investigations of the Life-World. Studia Phaenomenologica 10:235-250.
    Edmund Husserl’s critique of using the natural scientific method to investigate meaningful human experience remains relevant to recent debates in psychology. Discursive Psychology (DP) claims to draw upon phenomenological insights to critique quantitative psychology for studying theoretical concepts rather than the actual practices of the lived social world. In this paper, I will argue that DP overlooks the important distinction that can be made between the theoretical attitude and the natural scientific attitude in Husserlian Phenomenology and hence, once again, loses (...)
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  36.  2
    A. N. Williams (2014). The Doctrine of God in San Juan de la Cruz. Modern Theology 30 (4):500-524.
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  37. Robert Sugden & Alan Williams (1978). The Principles of Practical Cost-Benefit Analysis. Oxford University Press Uk.
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  38.  8
    R. M. James & A. N. Williams (2008). Two Georgian Fathers: Diverse in Experience, United in Grief. Medical Humanities 34 (2):70-79.
    The history of paediatrics and child health is increasingly recognised to be about children themselves and how they and their families cope and adapt to their medical condition rather than about medical practitioners and august institutions. This article considers two case studies, showing how two Georgian fathers cared for their children when sickness struck and their reactions when the children died. Davies (Giddy) Gilbert, FRS (1767–1840), was a member of Parliament first for Helston and later for Bodmin. (He married Ann (...)
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  39.  3
    Arnold Williams (1948). Middle English Questmonger. Mediaeval Studies 10 (1):200-204.
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  40.  3
    A. Williams (2001). How Economics Could Extend the Scope of Ethical Discourse. Journal of Medical Ethics 27 (4):251-255.
    Ethical discourse is typically inconclusive, and with good reason. But this inconclusiveness is a distinct disadvantage when it comes to helping publicly accountable policy-makers in the health care system provide an ethical justification for their decisions. It is suggested that instead of ending with platitudinous statements such as that a balance has to be struck between the rival ethical considerations, empirical research should be undertaken to elicit the quantitative trade-offs that the affected general public would be prepared to accept when (...)
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  41.  7
    Amanda C. De C. Williams (2002). Facial Expression of Pain, Empathy, Evolution, and Social Learning. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (4):475-480.
    The experience of pain appears to be associated, from early infancy and across pain stimuli, with a consistent facial expression in humans. A social function is proposed for this: the communication of pain and the need for help to observers, to whom information about danger is of value, and who may provide help within a kin or cooperative relationship. Some commentators have asserted that the evidence is insufficient to account for the consistency of the face, as judged by technical means (...)
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  42.  19
    Anthony Marc Williams (2011). Comparing Incommensurables. Journal of Value Inquiry 45 (3):267-277.
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  43.  7
    A. Dee Williams (forthcoming). A. Dee Williams 71. Journal of Thought.
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  44.  6
    Hillel Steiner, Ulrich Steinvorth, Rex Martin, Guido Pincione, Horacio Spector, Paula Casal & Andrew Williams (1995). Rational Rights. Analyse & Kritik 17 (1):3-11.
    A rational moral code must satisfy the condition of completeness. This same condition applies to a set of moral rights, where it takes the form of requiring that all the rights in that set be compossible: that their respective correlatively entailed duties be jointly fulfillable. Such joint fulfillability is guaranteed only by a set of fully differentiated individual domains. And if moral rights are to play any independent role in moral reasoning - any role logically independent of the values that (...)
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  45.  2
    Alan Williams (1988). Ethics and Efficiency in the Provision of Health Care. Royal Institute of Philosophy Lectures 23:111-126.
    1.1. A major purpose in nationalizing the provision of health care in the UK was to affect its distribution between people, and, in particular, to minimize the impact of willingness and ability to pay upon that distribution. It has never been clear, however, what alternative distribution rule is to apply. There is no shortage of rhetoric about ‘equality’ and ‘need’, but most of it is vacuous, by which I mean it does not lead to any clear operational guidelines about who (...)
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  46. Andrew Williams (1998). Incentives, Inequality, and Publicity. Philosophy and Public Affairs 27 (3):225-247.
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  47.  6
    A. Williams (1987). Brief Response: QALYfying the Value of Life. Journal of Medical Ethics 13 (3):123-123.
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  48. Shlomi Segall, Hillel Steiner, Zofia Stemplowska, Andrew Williams & Jo Wolff (2011). 8.1 The Concept of Agent Responsibility. In Carl Knight & Zofia Stemplowska (eds.), Responsibility and Distributive Justice. Oxford University Press
  49.  3
    A. N. Williams (2004). Argument to Bliss: The Epistemology of the Summa Theologiae. Modern Theology 20 (4):505-526.
    The essay examines intellectual virtue in the Summa theologiae, taking it as an interpretative key to the epistemology of the Summa theologiae as a whole. Because Aquinas blurs the line between the acquired and the theological virtues, and between virtues and the gifts of the Spirit, it becomes impossible to maintain the distinction between the realms of nature and grace, or between natural reason and revealed truth: grace permeates the most ordinary activities of human reasoning. This reading of the Summa (...)
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  50.  4
    Andrew Williams (1997). The Limits of Lockean Rights in Property. Philosophical Review 106 (4):587-588.
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