Search results for 'Aaron Winter' (try it on Scholar)

1000+ found
Order:
  1.  1
    Aaron Winter (2010). American Terror: From Oklahoma City to 9/11 and After. In Bob Brecher, Mark Devenney & Aaron Winter (eds.), Discourses and Practices of Terrorism. Routledge
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  2.  8
    Bob Brecher, Mark Devenney & Aaron Winter (eds.) (2010). Discourses and Practices of Terrorism. Routledge.
    Arising out of one of the annual conferences I organise as Director of the University’s Centre for Applied Philosophy, Politics and Ethics (see http://arts.brighton.ac.uk/research/cappe/) -- ‘Interrogating Terror’ – and from my work on the editorial board of Critical Studies on Terrorism, this collection is published in the Routledge Critical Terrorism Studies series and brings together theoretical and empirical material to challenge the notion that ‘terrorism’ and/or ‘terror’ are transparent, given or limited to non-state agents. Instead, it seeks to expose the (...)
    Translate
      Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  3.  10
    Steven L. Winter (2001). A Clearing in the Forest: Law, Life, and Mind. University of Chicago Press.
    Cognitive science is transforming our understanding of the mind. New discoveries are changing how we comprehend not just language, but thought itself. Yet, surprisingly little of the new learning has penetrated discussions and analysis of the most important social institution affecting our lives-the law. Drawing on work in philosophy, psychology, anthropology, linguistics, and literary theory, Steven L. Winter has created nothing less than a tour de force of interdisciplinary analysis. A Clearing in the Forest rests on (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   7 citations  
  4.  10
    Yoad Winter, Abstract of "Type Shifting with Semantic Features: A Unified Perspective".
    Since their introduction by Partee and Rooth (1983) into linguistic theory, type shifting principles have been extensively employed in various linguistic domains, including nominal predicates (Partee 1987), kind denoting NPs (Chierchia 1998), interrogatives (Groenendijk and Stokhof 1989), scrambled definites (De Hoop and Van der Does 1998) and plurals (Winter 2001,2002). Most of the accounts that use type shifting principles employ them as ``last resort'' mechanisms, which apply only when other compositional mechanisms fail. This failure is often sloppily referred to (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  5.  4
    Yoad Winter, Abstract of "DP Structure and Flexible Semantics".
    DP hypothesis of Abney (1987), the syntactic unit that had formerly been known as noun phrase should in fact be analyzed as a phrase headed by a determiner, hence the label DP. Quite independently of this syntactic development, Partee (1987) proposed a type shifting paradigm for the semantic analysis of nominals (now called DPs). In Partee's proposal DPs are ambiguous between a referential reading of type e, a predicative reading of type et and a quantificational reading of type (et)t. DP (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  6.  4
    Yoad Winter, Abstract of "What Makes Choice Natural?".
    The idea to use choice functions in the semantic analysis of indefinites has recently gained increasing attention among linguists and logicians. A central linguistic motivation for the revived interest in this logical perspective, which can be traced back to the epsilon calculus of Hilbert and Bernays (1939), is the observation by Reinhart (1992,1997) that choice functions can account for the problematic scopal behaviour of indefinites and interrogatives. On-going research continues to explore this general thesis, which I henceforth adopt. In this (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  7.  4
    Aaron Cooley (forthcoming). Journal of Thought, Fall-Winter 2010. Journal of Thought.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  8.  12
    Susan J. Winter, Antonis C. Stylianou & Robert A. Giacalone (2004). Individual Differences in the Acceptability of Unethical Information Technology Practices: The Case of Machiavellianism and Ethical Ideology. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 54 (3):279 - 301.
    While information technologies present organizations with opportunities to become more competitive, unsettled social norms and lagging legislation guiding the use of these technologies present organizations and individuals with ethical dilemmas. This paper presents two studies investigating the relationship between intellectual property and privacy attitudes, Machiavellianism and Ethical Ideology, and working in R&D and computer literacy in the form of programming experience. In Study 1, Machiavellians believed it was more acceptable to ignore the intellectual property and privacy rights of others. Programmers (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   24 citations  
  9. A. E. Taylor, John Adams, P. E. Winter, F. C. S. Schiller, M. L., S. R., J. Waterlow, Francis Jones, B. Russell, E. M. Smith & A. D. Lindsay (1910). New Books. [REVIEW] Mind 19 (75):422-442.
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  10. R. I. Aaron (1936). New Books. [REVIEW] Mind 45 (178):283-287.
    No categories
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  11. R. J. Aaron (1932). New Books. [REVIEW] Mind 41 (163):283-287.
    No categories
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  12. P. E. Winter, Henry J. Watt, W. J., W. R. Scott, R. A. C. Macmillan, C. Valentine & J. B. Payne (1911). New Books. [REVIEW] Mind 20 (1):574-591.
    No categories
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  13. R. I. Aaron (1935). New Books. [REVIEW] Mind 44 (173):283-287.
    No categories
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  14. A. E. Taylor, T. E. Jessop, A. K. Stout, E. J. Thomas, R. I. Aaron, F. C. S. Schiller & John Laird (1931). New Books. [REVIEW] Mind 40 (159):386-403.
    No categories
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  15.  37
    Yoad Winter (1997). Choice Functions and the Scopal Semantics of Indefinites. Linguistics and Philosophy 20 (4):399-467.
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   24 citations  
  16. M. L., David Morrison, W. McD, G. R. T. Ross, A. E. Taylor, P. E. Winter, B. L., B. Russell, Louis Brehaut, G. Galloway, Henry Wodehouse, M. J. & C. A. F. Rhys Davids (1909). New Books. [REVIEW] Mind 18 (70):285-309.
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  17.  24
    Yoad Winter (2000). Distributivity and Dependency. Natural Language Semantics 8 (1):27-69.
    Sentences with multiple occurrences of plural definites give rise to certain effects suggesting that distributivity should be modeled by polyadic operations. Yet in this paper it is argued that the simpler treatment of distributivity using unary universal quantification should be retained. Seemingly polyadic effects are claimed to be restricted to definite NPs. This fact is accounted for by the special anaphoric (dependent) use of definites. Further evidence concerning various plurals, island constraints, and cumulative quantification is shown to support this claim. (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   12 citations  
  18.  91
    A. E. Taylor, P. E. Winter, M. D., J. L. McIntyre, B. B., Herbert W. Blunt & A. W. Benn (1909). New Books. [REVIEW] Mind 18 (69):139-154.
    No categories
    Direct download (10 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  19. R. I. Aaron & John Wisdom (1945). New Books. [REVIEW] Mind 54 (215):280-282.
    No categories
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  20.  73
    F. C. S. Schiller, W. Leslie Mackenzie, P. E. Winter, M. D., T. B., W. J., H. A., D. M. & C. A. F. Rhys Davids (1907). New Books. [REVIEW] Mind 16 (64):605-618.
    No categories
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  21.  37
    Joost Zwarts & Yoad Winter (2000). Vector Space Semantics: A Model-Theoretic Analysis of Locative Prepositions. [REVIEW] Journal of Logic, Language and Information 9 (2):169-211.
    This paper introduces a compositional semantics of locativeprepositional phrases which is based on a vector space ontology.Model-theoretic properties of prepositions like monotonicity andconservativity are defined in this system in a straightforward way.These notions are shown to describe central inferences with spatialexpressions and to account for the grammaticality of prepositionmodification. Model-theoretic constraints on the set of possibleprepositions in natural language are specified, similar to the semanticuniversals of Generalized Quantifier Theory.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   7 citations  
  22.  14
    Yoad Winter (2005). Cross-Categorial Restrictions on Measure Phrase Modification. Linguistics and Philosophy 28 (2):233 - 267.
  23.  27
    Yoad Winter (2001). Plural Predication and the Strongest Meaning Hypothesis. Journal of Semantics 18 (4):333-365.
    The Strongest Meaning Hypothesis of Dalrymple et al (1994,1998), which was originally proposed as a principle for the interpretation of reciprocals, is extended in this paper into a general principle of plural predication. This principle applies to complex predicates that are composed of lexical predicates that hold of atomic entities, and determines the pluralities in the extension of the predicate. The meaning of such a complex predicate is claimed to be the truth-conditionally strongest meaning that does not contradict lexical properties (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   6 citations  
  24. R. I. Aaron (1953). New Books. [REVIEW] Mind 62 (246):283-287.
    No categories
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  25.  53
    A. E. Taylor, P. E. Winter, C. W. Valentine, W. J., Archibald A. Bowman, Herbert W. Blunt, C. C. J. Webb & W. L. Lorimer (1912). New Books. [REVIEW] Mind 21 (1):117-133.
    No categories
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  26.  51
    S. H. Mellone, John Edgar, W. Leslie Mackenzie, C. A. F. Rhys Davids, P. E. Winter, G. Dawes Hicks, A. E. Taylor, J. L. McIntyre & A. W. Benn (1905). New Books. [REVIEW] Mind 14 (54):272-283.
    No categories
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  27.  20
    Gilad Ben-Avi & Yoad Winter (2003). Monotonicity and Collective Quantification. Journal of Logic, Language and Information 12 (2):127-151.
    This article studies the monotonicity behavior of plural determinersthat quantify over collections. Following previous work, we describe thecollective interpretation of determiners such as all, some andmost using generalized quantifiers of a higher type that areobtained systematically by applying a type shifting operator to thestandard meanings of determiners in Generalized Quantifier Theory. Twoprocesses of counting and existential quantification thatappear with plural quantifiers are unified into a single determinerfitting operator, which, unlike previous proposals, both capturesexistential quantification with plural determiners and respects theirmonotonicity (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   4 citations  
  28.  22
    Ivo DÜntsch, Gunther Schmidt & Michael Winter (2001). A Necessary Relation Algebra for Mereotopology. Studia Logica 69 (3):381 - 409.
    The standard model for mereotopological structures are Boolean subalgebras of the complete Boolean algebra of regular closed subsets of a nonempty connected regular T 0 topological space with an additional "contact relation" C defined by xCy x ØA (possibly) more general class of models is provided by the Region Connection Calculus (RCC) of Randell et al. We show that the basic operations of the relational calculus on a "contact relation" generate at least 25 relations in any model of the RCC, (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   4 citations  
  29.  31
    R. I. Aaron (1942). Intuitive Knowledge. Mind 51 (204):297-318.
    No categories
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  30.  20
    Alon Altman, Ya'Acov Peterzil & Yoad Winter (2005). Scope Dominance with Upward Monotone Quantifiers. Journal of Logic, Language and Information 14 (4):445-455.
    We give a complete characterization of the class of upward monotone generalized quantifiers Q1 and Q2 over countable domains that satisfy the scheme Q1 x Q2 y φ → Q2 y Q1 x φ. This generalizes the characterization of such quantifiers over finite domains, according to which the scheme holds iff Q1 is ∃ or Q2 is ∀ (excluding trivial cases). Our result shows that in infinite domains, there are more general types of quantifiers that support these entailments.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  31.  7
    Yoad Winter (1996). A Unified Semantic Treatment of Singular NP Coordination. Linguistics and Philosophy 19 (4):337 - 391.
  32.  23
    Yoad Winter (2007). Type Shifting with Semantic Features: A Unified Perspective. In Chris Barker & Pauline I. Jacobson (eds.), Direct Compositionality. Oxford University Press 164.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  33.  31
    Anna Zamansky, Nissim Francez & Yoad Winter (2006). A 'Natural Logic' Inference System Using the Lambek Calculus. Journal of Logic, Language and Information 15 (3):273-295.
    This paper develops an inference system for natural language within the ‘Natural Logic’ paradigm as advocated by van Benthem (1997), Sánchez (1991) and others. The system that we propose is based on the Lambek calculus and works directly on the Curry-Howard counterparts for syntactic representations of natural language, with no intermediate translation to logical formulae. The Lambek-based system we propose extends the system by Fyodorov et~al. (2003), which is based on the Ajdukiewicz/Bar-Hillel (AB) calculus Bar Hillel, (1964). This (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  34.  36
    Yoad Winter, Abstract of "Part-of-Speech Tagging of Modern Hebrew Texts".
    Words in Semitic texts often consist of a concatenation of word segments, each corresponding to a Part-of-Speech (POS) category. Semitic words may be ambiguous with regard to their segmentation as well as to the POS tags assigned to each segment. When designing POS taggers for Semitic languages, a major architectural decision concerns the choice of the atomic input tokens (terminal symbols). If the tokenization is at the word level the output tags must be complex, and represent both the segmentation of (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  35.  41
    R. I. Aaron (1939). Two Senses of the Word Universal. Mind 48 (190):168-185.
    No categories
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  36.  70
    R. I. Aaron (1931). Locke and Berkeley's Commonplace Book. Mind 40 (160):439-459.
  37.  17
    Gilad Ben-Avi & Yoad Winter (2004). Scope Dominance with Monotone Quantifiers Over Finite Domains. Journal of Logic, Language and Information 13 (4):385-402.
    We characterize pairs of monotone generalized quantifiers Q1 and Q2 over finite domains that give rise to an entailment relation between their two relative scope construals. This relation between quantifiers, which is referred to as scope dominance, is used for identifying entailment relations between the two scopal interpretations of simple sentences of the form NP1–V–NP2. Simple numerical or set-theoretical considerations that follow from our main result are used for characterizing such relations. The variety of examples in which they hold are (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  38.  69
    Richard I. Aaron (1965). Wittgenstein's Theory of Universals. Mind 74 (294):249-251.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  39.  18
    John Laird, W. J. H. Sprott, R. I. Aaron, F. C. S. Schiller & M. Black (1936). New Books. [REVIEW] Mind 45 (178):252-267.
    No categories
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  40.  4
    Stephen Winter (2006). Uncertain Justice: History and Reparations. Journal of Social Philosophy 37 (3):342–359.
  41.  17
    Michael J. Winter (1997). Are Fundamental Principles in Aristotle's Ethics Codifiable? Journal of Value Inquiry 31 (3):311-328.
    This article presents a case for thinking that moral principles within Aristotle's ethical theory can be both codifiable and action-guiding without minimizing the role of practical reason in determining what should be done. I argue that McDowell dismisses this possibility too hastily. Much of the force of this case rests on my interpretation of "for the most part" relationships in Aristotle.
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  42.  10
    Julie MacDonald, Shirley A. Smith & Robert J. Winter (1990). To What Extent Should a Hospital Ethics Committee Be Involved in Hospital Policy Formation? HEC Forum 1 (6):341-350.
    The extent to which a HEC becomes involved with policy formation depends in large measure on the credibility the committee has within the institution. Although on the basis of training, insight, or experience the HEC is in an ideal position to formulate policy, premature involvement in this area can jeopardize the effectiveness of the HEC in other areas which are equally if not more important. To the extent that the HEC does engage in policy formation it must do so with (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  43.  10
    Anthony Quinton, Peter Alexander, L. Minio-Paluello & Richard I. Aaron (1959). New Books. [REVIEW] Mind 68 (269):105-118.
    No categories
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  44.  23
    R. I. Aaron (1952). Dispensing with Mind. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 52:225-242.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  45.  30
    Michael Winter & John Tauer (2006). Virtue Theory and Social Psychology. Journal of Value Inquiry 40 (1):73-82.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  46.  35
    Yoad Winter (1994). Contrast and Implication in Natural Language. Journal of Semantics 11 (4):365-406.
    In this paper we introduce a theoretical framework and a logical application for analysing the semantics and pragmatics of contrastive conjunctions in natural language. It is shown how expressions like although, nevertheless, yet, and but are semantically definable as connectives using an operator for implication in natural language and how similar pragmatic principles affect the behaviour of both contrastive conjunctions and indicative conditionals. Following previous proposals, conditions on contrast in a conjunction are analysed as presuppositions of die conjunction. Further linguistic (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  47.  33
    Yoad Winter & Eric Reuland, Binding Without Identity: Towards a Unified Semantics for Bound and Exempt Anaphors.
    Expressions such as English himself are interpreted as locally bound anaphors in certain syntactic environments and are exempt from the binding conditions in others. This article provides a unified semantics for himself in both of these uses. Their difference is reduced to the interaction with the syntactic environment. The semantics is based on an extension of the treatment of pronominals in variable-free semantics. The adoption of variable free semantics is inspired by the existence of proxy-readings, which motivate an analysis based (...)
    Translate
      Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  48.  35
    R. I. Aaron (1945). A Possible Early Draft of Hobbes' de Corpore. Mind 54 (216):342-356.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  49.  18
    Yoad Winter, Bare Nominals and Reference to Capacities.
    This paper concentrates on the syntax and semantics of bare nominals in Germanic and Romance languages. These languages do not normally allow nominals to occur without an article. However, some syntactic configurations, including predicative constructions, supplementives and some prepositional phrases, allow bareness of certain nominals. We argue that bare nominals in these constructions refer to capacities: professions, religions, nationalities or other roles in society. Capacities are analyzed as entities of type e, sortally distinct from regular individuals as well as kinds. (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  50.  30
    Yoad Winter, Multiple Coordination: Meaning Composition Vs. The Syntax-Semantics Interface.
    This paper argues that multiple coordinations like tall, thin and happy are interpreted in a “flat” iterative process, but using “nested” recursive application of binary coordination operators in the compositional meaning derivation. Ample motivation for flat interpretation is shown by contrasting such coordinations with nested, syntactically ambiguous, coordinate structures like tall and thin and happy. However, new evidence coming from type shifting and predicate distribution with verb phrases show motivation for an independent hierarchical ingredient in the compositional semantics of multiple (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
1 — 50 / 1000