Search results for 'Aaron Winter' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Bob Brecher, Mark Devenney & Aaron Winter (eds.) (2010). Discourses and Practices of Terrorism. Routledge.score: 120.0
    Arising out of one of the annual conferences I organise as Director of the University’s Centre for Applied Philosophy, Politics and Ethics (see http://arts.brighton.ac.uk/research/cappe/) -- ‘Interrogating Terror’ – and from my work on the editorial board of Critical Studies on Terrorism, this collection is published in the Routledge Critical Terrorism Studies series and brings together theoretical and empirical material to challenge the notion that ‘terrorism’ and/or ‘terror’ are transparent, given or limited to non-state agents. Instead, it seeks to expose the (...)
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  2. Aaron Winter (2010). American Terror: From Oklahoma City to 9/11 and After. In Bob Brecher, Mark Devenney & Aaron Winter (eds.), Discourses and Practices of Terrorism. Routledge.score: 120.0
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  3. Yoad Winter, Abstract of "Type Shifting with Semantic Features: A Unified Perspective".score: 60.0
    Since their introduction by Partee and Rooth (1983) into linguistic theory, type shifting principles have been extensively employed in various linguistic domains, including nominal predicates (Partee 1987), kind denoting NPs (Chierchia 1998), interrogatives (Groenendijk and Stokhof 1989), scrambled definites (De Hoop and Van der Does 1998) and plurals (Winter 2001,2002). Most of the accounts that use type shifting principles employ them as ``last resort'' mechanisms, which apply only when other compositional mechanisms fail. This failure is often sloppily referred to (...)
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  4. Steven L. Winter (2001). A Clearing in the Forest: Law, Life, and Mind. University of Chicago Press.score: 60.0
    Cognitive science is transforming our understanding of the mind. New discoveries are changing how we comprehend not just language, but thought itself. Yet, surprisingly little of the new learning has penetrated discussions and analysis of the most important social institution affecting our lives-the law. Drawing on work in philosophy, psychology, anthropology, linguistics, and literary theory, Steven L. Winter has created nothing less than a tour de force of interdisciplinary (...)
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  5. Yoad Winter, Abstract of "What Makes Choice Natural?".score: 60.0
    The idea to use choice functions in the semantic analysis of indefinites has recently gained increasing attention among linguists and logicians. A central linguistic motivation for the revived interest in this logical perspective, which can be traced back to the epsilon calculus of Hilbert and Bernays (1939), is the observation by Reinhart (1992,1997) that choice functions can account for the problematic scopal behaviour of indefinites and interrogatives. On-going research continues to explore this general thesis, which I henceforth adopt. In this (...)
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  6. Yoad Winter, Abstract of "DP Structure and Flexible Semantics".score: 60.0
    DP hypothesis of Abney (1987), the syntactic unit that had formerly been known as noun phrase should in fact be analyzed as a phrase headed by a determiner, hence the label DP. Quite independently of this syntactic development, Partee (1987) proposed a type shifting paradigm for the semantic analysis of nominals (now called DPs). In Partee's proposal DPs are ambiguous between a referential reading of type e, a predicative reading of type et and a quantificational reading of type (et)t. DP (...)
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  7. Richard I. Aaron (1965). Wittgenstein's Theory of Universals. Mind 74 (294):249-251.score: 30.0
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  8. Stephen Winter (2010). Against Posthumous Rights. Journal of Applied Philosophy 27 (2):186-199.score: 30.0
    A number of prominent nonconsequentialists support the thesis that we can wrong the dead by violating their moral claims. In contrast, this study suggests that the arguments offered by Thomson, Scanlon, Dworkin, Feinberg and others do not warrant posthumous rights because having claim-grounding interests requires an entity to have the capacity to experience significance. If dead people don't have this capacity, there is no reason to attribute claims to them. Raising doubts about prominent hypothetical examples of ‘no-effect injury’, the study (...)
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  9. R. I. Aaron (1945). A Possible Early Draft of Hobbes' de Corpore. Mind 54 (216):342-356.score: 30.0
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  10. R. I. Aaron (1931). Locke and Berkeley's Commonplace Book. Mind 40 (160):439-459.score: 30.0
  11. Joost Zwarts & Yoad Winter (2000). Vector Space Semantics: A Model-Theoretic Analysis of Locative Prepositions. [REVIEW] Journal of Logic, Language and Information 9 (2):169-211.score: 30.0
    This paper introduces a compositional semantics of locativeprepositional phrases which is based on a vector space ontology.Model-theoretic properties of prepositions like monotonicity andconservativity are defined in this system in a straightforward way.These notions are shown to describe central inferences with spatialexpressions and to account for the grammaticality of prepositionmodification. Model-theoretic constraints on the set of possibleprepositions in natural language are specified, similar to the semanticuniversals of Generalized Quantifier Theory.
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  12. Yoad Winter & Eric Reuland, Binding Without Identity: Towards a Unified Semantics for Bound and Exempt Anaphors.score: 30.0
    Expressions such as English himself are interpreted as locally bound anaphors in certain syntactic environments and are exempt from the binding conditions in others. This article provides a unified semantics for himself in both of these uses. Their difference is reduced to the interaction with the syntactic environment. The semantics is based on an extension of the treatment of pronominals in variable-free semantics. The adoption of variable free semantics is inspired by the existence of proxy-readings, which motivate an analysis based (...)
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  13. Michael Winter & John Tauer (2006). Virtue Theory and Social Psychology. Journal of Value Inquiry 40 (1):73-82.score: 30.0
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  14. Yoad Winter, Multiple Coordination: Meaning Composition Vs. The Syntax-Semantics Interface.score: 30.0
    This paper argues that multiple coordinations like tall, thin and happy are interpreted in a “flat” iterative process, but using “nested” recursive application of binary coordination operators in the compositional meaning derivation. Ample motivation for flat interpretation is shown by contrasting such coordinations with nested, syntactically ambiguous, coordinate structures like tall and thin and happy. However, new evidence coming from type shifting and predicate distribution with verb phrases show motivation for an independent hierarchical ingredient in the compositional semantics of multiple (...)
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  15. Evanson C. Kamau & Gerd Winter (eds.) (2009). Genetic Resources, Traditional Knowledge and the Law: Solutions for Access and Benefit Sharing. Earthscan.score: 30.0
    Uniquely, this book also looks at the potential for 'horizontal' development of ABS law and policy, applying lessons from bilateral approaches to other national ...
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  16. R. I. Aaron (1952). Dispensing with Mind. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 52:225-242.score: 30.0
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  17. Yoad Winter, Introduction to Vector Space Semantics.score: 30.0
    Vector Space Semantics (VSS) is a branch of model-theoretic semantics that aims to apply logical approaches to meaning to the domain of spatial expressions by adopting vectors as the basic elements of spatial ontology. In this course we will review current work in VSS, giving sufficient introductory background on model-theoretic tools and previous work on spatial expressions.
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  18. Yoad Winter, Plural Type Quantification.score: 30.0
    This paper introduces some of the main components of a novel type theoretical semantics for quantifi- cation with plural noun phrases. This theory, unlike previous ones, sticks to the standard generalized quantifier treatment of singular noun phrases and uses only one lifting operator per semantic category (predicate, quantifier and determiner) for quantification with plurals. Following Bennett (1974), plural individuals are treated as functions of type ¢¡ . Plural nouns and other plural predicates accordingly denote £ ¢¡¥¤¦¡ functions. Such predicates do (...)
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  19. Yoad Winter (2001). Plural Predication and the Strongest Meaning Hypothesis. Journal of Semantics 18 (4):333-365.score: 30.0
    The Strongest Meaning Hypothesis of Dalrymple et al (1994,1998), which was originally proposed as a principle for the interpretation of reciprocals, is extended in this paper into a general principle of plural predication. This principle applies to complex predicates that are composed of lexical predicates that hold of atomic entities, and determines the pluralities in the extension of the predicate. The meaning of such a complex predicate is claimed to be the truth-conditionally strongest meaning that does not contradict lexical properties (...)
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  20. Gilad Ben-Avi & Yoad Winter (2003). Monotonicity and Collective Quantification. Journal of Logic, Language and Information 12 (2):127-151.score: 30.0
    This article studies the monotonicity behavior of plural determinersthat quantify over collections. Following previous work, we describe thecollective interpretation of determiners such as all, some andmost using generalized quantifiers of a higher type that areobtained systematically by applying a type shifting operator to thestandard meanings of determiners in Generalized Quantifier Theory. Twoprocesses of counting and existential quantification thatappear with plural quantifiers are unified into a single determinerfitting operator, which, unlike previous proposals, both capturesexistential quantification with plural determiners and respects theirmonotonicity (...)
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  21. Anna Zamansky, Nissim Francez & Yoad Winter (2006). A 'Natural Logic' Inference System Using the Lambek Calculus. Journal of Logic, Language and Information 15 (3):273-295.score: 30.0
    This paper develops an inference system for natural language within the ‘Natural Logic’ paradigm as advocated by van Benthem (1997), Sánchez (1991) and others. The system that we propose is based on the Lambek calculus and works directly on the Curry-Howard counterparts for syntactic representations of natural language, with no intermediate translation to logical formulae. The Lambek-based system we propose extends the system by Fyodorov et~al. (2003), which is based on the Ajdukiewicz/Bar-Hillel (AB) calculus Bar Hillel, (1964). This enables the (...)
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  22. Yoad Winter (1994). Contrast and Implication in Natural Language. Journal of Semantics 11 (4):365-406.score: 30.0
    In this paper we introduce a theoretical framework and a logical application for analysing the semantics and pragmatics of contrastive conjunctions in natural language. It is shown how expressions like although, nevertheless, yet, and but are semantically definable as connectives using an operator for implication in natural language and how similar pragmatic principles affect the behaviour of both contrastive conjunctions and indicative conditionals. Following previous proposals, conditions on contrast in a conjunction are analysed as presuppositions of die conjunction. Further linguistic (...)
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  23. Susan J. Winter, Antonis C. Stylianou & Robert A. Giacalone (2004). Individual Differences in the Acceptability of Unethical Information Technology Practices: The Case of Machiavellianism and Ethical Ideology. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 54 (3):279 - 301.score: 30.0
    While information technologies present organizations with opportunities to become more competitive, unsettled social norms and lagging legislation guiding the use of these technologies present organizations and individuals with ethical dilemmas. This paper presents two studies investigating the relationship between intellectual property and privacy attitudes, Machiavellianism and Ethical Ideology, and working in R&D and computer literacy in the form of programming experience. In Study 1, Machiavellians believed it was more acceptable to ignore the intellectual property and privacy rights of others. Programmers (...)
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  24. Christine Winter (2010). Places, Spaces, Holes for Knowing and Writing the Earth: The Geography Curriculum and Derrida's Khôra. Ethics and Education 4 (1):57-68.score: 30.0
    This article enquires into the value of 'concepts' as a framework for the school curriculum by questioning their contribution towards our responsibilities for thinking about the earth. I take Derrida's deconstructive reading of Plato's Timaeus to show how spaces in meaning can be revealed, and more transgressive ways of knowing invited in. Derrida's Kh ra marks the opportunity for something new, productive and unforeseeable to arise as the play of traces unfurls. A deconstructive reading of the geography national curriculum policy (...)
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  25. Susan Corrine Aaron (2002). A Technologically Mediated Phenomenon Affecting Human Dynamics. World Futures 58 (1):81 – 99.score: 30.0
    This paper will suggest a mapping for human dynamics to see where emerging digital technology currently and could further affect the dynamics of the human, technological and natural, and the cultural forms that define them. Emerging technology will be seen to reveal and surpass the limitations of human measures built on human abilities and perception. and the social structures that are derived from them. The formation of this conceptual mapping is based on the premise that digital technology has the ability (...)
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  26. Ivo DÜntsch, Gunther Schmidt & Michael Winter (2001). A Necessary Relation Algebra for Mereotopology. Studia Logica 69 (3):381 - 409.score: 30.0
    The standard model for mereotopological structures are Boolean subalgebras of the complete Boolean algebra of regular closed subsets of a nonempty connected regular T 0 topological space with an additional "contact relation" C defined by xCy x ØA (possibly) more general class of models is provided by the Region Connection Calculus (RCC) of Randell et al. We show that the basic operations of the relational calculus on a "contact relation" generate at least 25 relations in any model of the RCC, (...)
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  27. J. N. Findlay, Iris Murdoch, A. C. A. Rainer, G. J. Warnock, John Holloway, G. C. Stead, R. I. Aaron, P. T. Geach, A. H. Armstrong, R. H. Thouless, R. J. Spilsbury & W. B. Gallie (1950). New Books. [REVIEW] Mind 59 (234):262-284.score: 30.0
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  28. Yoad Winter (2003). Monotonicity and Collective Quantification. Journal of Logic, Language and Information 12 (2):127-151.score: 30.0
    This article studies the monotonicity behavior of plural determinersthat quantify over collections. Following previous work, we describe thecollective interpretation of determiners such as all, some andmost using generalized quantifiers of a higher type that areobtained systematically by applying a type shifting operator to thestandard meanings of determiners in Generalized Quantifier Theory. Twoprocesses of counting and existential quantification thatappear with plural quantifiers are unified into a single determinerfitting operator, which, unlike previous proposals, both capturesexistential quantification with plural determiners and respects theirmonotonicity (...)
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  29. Yoad Winter (2005). Scope Dominance with Upward Monotone Quantifiers. Journal of Logic, Language and Information 14 (4):445-455.score: 30.0
    We give a complete characterization of the class of upward monotone generalized quantifiers ¢¡ and ¤£ over countable domains that satisfy the scheme . This generalizes the characterization of such quantifiers over finite domains, according to which the scheme holds iff ¡ is or £ is ! (excluding trivial cases). Our result shows that in infinite domains, there are more general types of quantifiers that support these entailments.
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  30. Michael J. Winter (1997). Are Fundamental Principles in Aristotle's Ethics Codifiable? Journal of Value Inquiry 31 (3):311-328.score: 30.0
    This article presents a case for thinking that moral principles within Aristotle's ethical theory can be both codifiable and action-guiding without minimizing the role of practical reason in determining what should be done. I argue that McDowell dismisses this possibility too hastily. Much of the force of this case rests on my interpretation of "for the most part" relationships in Aristotle.
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  31. Yoad Winter, Course Description: The Course Will Give a Concise Introduction to Compositional Modeltheoretic Semantics in the Montague Tradition, with Ample Discussion and Motivation Coming..score: 30.0
    The course will give a concise introduction to compositional modeltheoretic semantics in the Montague tradition, with ample discussion and motivation coming from recent research. Concentrating on the underlying methodological principles, I will aim to attract students' attention to the beauty and scientific value of the description of intricate semantic phenomena using elegant and rigorously-defined mathematical techniques. The course is intended for students who don't necessarily have any prior knowledge in logic or linguistics, but have some basic mathematical or general scientific (...)
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  32. Yoad Winter (1997). Choice Functions and the Scopal Semantics of Indefinites. Linguistics and Philosophy 20 (4):399-467.score: 30.0
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  33. Richard Winter (2011). The Principled Legal Firm: Insights Into the Professional Ideals and Ethical Values of Partners and Lawyers. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 98 (2):297 - 306.score: 30.0
    Understanding how the professional ideals and values of partners influence lawyers' everyday life is a relatively unexplored area given the inherent difficulties of gaining access to lawyers. This case study sheds light on the professional ideals and ethical values of partners and lawyers in a mid-tier Sydney law firm. Semi-structured interviews with partners and lawyers/legal clerks reveal how partners' professional ideals and ethical values play a pivotal role in: (1) upholding positive normative evaluations of lawyer/firm propriety (moral legitimacy), (2) stressing (...)
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  34. Yoad Winter (2007). Type Shifting with Semantic Features: A Unified Perspective. In Chris Barker & Pauline I. Jacobson (eds.), Direct Compositionality. Oxford University Press. 164.score: 30.0
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  35. R. I. Aaron (1945). Critical Notices. Mind 54 (213):86-92.score: 30.0
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  36. R. I. Aaron, L. J. Russell, S. V. Keeling, H. J. Paton, W. D. Lamont, T. E. Jessop, V. W. & A. C. Ewing (1930). New Books. [REVIEW] Mind 39 (155):376-394.score: 30.0
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  37. R. I. Aaron & John Wisdom (1945). New Books. [REVIEW] Mind 54 (215):280-282.score: 30.0
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  38. R. I. Aaron (1953). New Books. [REVIEW] Mind 62 (246):283-287.score: 30.0
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  39. R. I. Aaron (1939). Two Senses of the Word Universal. Mind 48 (190):168-185.score: 30.0
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  40. Austin Duncan-Jones, G. B. Keene, G. C. J. Midgley, Karl Britton, G. E. L. Owen, H. D. Lewis, Edna Daitz, J. L. Ackrill, Martha Kneale, Frederick C. Copleston, J. O. Urmson, J. P. Corbett & R. I. Aaron (1953). New Books. [REVIEW] Mind 62 (246):259-288.score: 30.0
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  41. Yoad Winter, Abstract of "on Some Scopal Asymmetries of Coordination".score: 30.0
    The distinction between syntactic and semantic techniques in linguistic theory is by now sufficiently clear. What is often debated is the extent to which syntactic and semantic considerations should be used in analyzing a given phenomenon. An empirical domain where the division of labour between syntax and semantics is especially problematic is the case of ``non-overt'' scope, or what I prefer to call the..
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  42. Yoad Winter, Against Partitioned Readings of Reciprocals.score: 30.0
    In this paper we examine partitioned interpretations of sentences with reciprocal expressions. We study the availability of partitioned readings with definite subjects and proper name conjunctions, and show new evidence that partitioned interpretations of simple reciprocal sentences are independent of the semantics of the reciprocal expression, and are exclusively determined by the interpretation of the subject.
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  43. Yoad Winter, Bare Nominals and Reference to Capacities.score: 30.0
    This paper concentrates on the syntax and semantics of bare nominals in Germanic and Romance languages. These languages do not normally allow nominals to occur without an article. However, some syntactic configurations, including predicative constructions, supplementives and some prepositional phrases, allow bareness of certain nominals. We argue that bare nominals in these constructions refer to capacities: professions, religions, nationalities or other roles in society. Capacities are analyzed as entities of type e, sortally distinct from regular individuals as well as kinds. (...)
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  44. Yoad Winter (2004). Scope Dominance with Monotone Quantifiers Over Finite Domains. Journal of Logic, Language and Information 13 (4):385-402.score: 30.0
    We characterize pairs of monotone generalized quantifiers Q 1 and Q 2 over finite domains that give rise to an entailment relation between their two relative scope construals. This relation between quantifiers, which is referred to as scope dominance, is used for identifying entailment relations between the two scopal interpretations of simple sentences of the form NP1–V–NP2. Simple numerical or set-theoretical considerations that follow from our main result are used for characterizing such relations. The variety of examples in which they (...)
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  45. R. I. Aaron (1932). A Catalogue of Berkeley's Library. Mind 41 (164):465-475.score: 30.0
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  46. R. I. Aaron (1932). Dr. Johnston's Edition of the Commonplace Book. Mind 41 (162):277-278.score: 30.0
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  47. R. I. Aaron & W. G. de Burgh (1943). New Books. [REVIEW] Mind 52 (207):283-287.score: 30.0
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  48. R. I. Aaron (1931). New Books. [REVIEW] Mind 40 (159):283-287.score: 30.0
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  49. Richard Ithamar Aaron (1947/1975). Our Knowledge of Universals. Haskell House Publishers.score: 30.0
     
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  50. Alon Altman, Ya'Acov Peterzil & Yoad Winter (2005). Scope Dominance with Upward Monotone Quantifiers. Journal of Logic, Language and Information 14 (4):445-455.score: 30.0
    We give a complete characterization of the class of upward monotone generalized quantifiers Q1 and Q2 over countable domains that satisfy the scheme Q1 x Q2 y φ → Q2 y Q1 x φ. This generalizes the characterization of such quantifiers over finite domains, according to which the scheme holds iff Q1 is ∃ or Q2 is ∀ (excluding trivial cases). Our result shows that in infinite domains, there are more general types of quantifiers that support these entailments.
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