Search results for 'Abigail Barr' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Henrich Joseph, Boyd Robert, Bowles Samuel, Camerer Colin, Fehr Ernst, Gintis Herbert, McElreath Richard, Alvard Michael, Barr Abigail & Ensminger Jean (2005). Models of Decision-Making and the Coevolution of Social Preferences. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (6).score: 300.0
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  2. Joseph Henrich, Robert Boyd, Samuel Bowles, Colin Camerer, Ernst Fehr, Herbert Gintis, Richard McElreath, Michael Alvard, Abigail Barr, Jean Ensminger, Natalie Smith Henrich, Kim Hill, Francisco Gil-White, Michael Gurven, Frank W. Marlowe & John Q. Patton (2005). “Economic Man” in Cross-Cultural Perspective: Behavioral Experiments in 15 Small-Scale Societies. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (6):795-815.score: 240.0
    Researchers from across the social sciences have found consistent deviations from the predictions of the canonical model of self-interest in hundreds of experiments from around the world. This research, however, cannot determine whether the uniformity results from universal patterns of human behavior or from the limited cultural variation available among the university students used in virtually all prior experimental work. To address this, we undertook a cross-cultural study of behavior in ultimatum, public goods, and dictator games in a range of (...)
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  3. Joseph Henrich, Robert Boyd, Samuel Bowles, Colin Camerer, Ernst Fehr, Herbert Gintis, Richard McElreath, Michael Alvard, Abigail Barr, Jean Ensminger, Natalie Smith Henrich, Kim Hill, Francisco Gil-White, Michael Gurven, Frank W. Marlowe, John Q. Patton & David Tracer (2005). Models of Decision-Making and the Coevolution of Social Preferences. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (6):838-855.score: 240.0
    We would like to thank the commentators for their generous comments, valuable insights and helpful suggestions. We begin this response by discussing the selfishness axiom and the importance of the preferences, beliefs, and constraints framework as a way of modeling some of the proximate influences on human behavior. Next, we broaden the discussion to ultimate-level (that is evolutionary) explanations, where we review and clarify gene-culture coevolutionary theory, and then tackle the possibility that evolutionary approaches that exclude culture might be sufficient (...)
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  4. James Barr (2013). Bible and Interpretation: The Collected Essays of James Barr. Oxford University Press.score: 180.0
    v. 1. Interpretation and theology -- v. 2. Biblical studies.
     
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  5. Ronald G. Barr (2004). Early Infant Crying as a Behavioral State Rather Than a Signal. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (4):460-460.score: 30.0
    I argue that in the first three months, crying is primarily a behavioral state rather than a signal and that its properties include prolonged and unsoothable crying bouts as part of normal development. However, these normal properties trigger Shaken Baby Syndrome, a form of child abuse that does not easily fit an adaptive infanticide analysis.
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  6. Mary A. Hums, Carol A. Barr & Laurie Gullion (1999). The Ethical Issues Confronting Managers in the Sport Industry. Journal of Business Ethics 20 (1):51 - 66.score: 30.0
    The sport industry is an extremely diverse industry, including segments such as professional sport, intercollegiate athletics, health and fitness, recreational sport and facility management. The industry is currently experiencing rapid growth and development, and as it grows, sport managers in the different segments encounter ethical issues which are often unique to each segment. This article examines the professional sport, intercollegiate athletics, health and fitness, recreational sport and facility management segments of the sport industry and discusses the various ethical issues facing (...)
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  7. David L. Barr (forthcoming). Book Review: The Rapture Exposed: The Message of Hope in the Book of Revelation. [REVIEW] Interpretation 60 (3):347-347.score: 30.0
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  8. Nann Clark Barr (1913). The Dualism of Bergson. Philosophical Review 22 (6):639-652.score: 30.0
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  9. Debra Z. Basil, Mary S. Runte, M. Easwaramoorthy & Cathy Barr (2009). Company Support for Employee Volunteering: A National Survey of Companies in Canada. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 85 (2):387 - 398.score: 30.0
    Company support for employee volunteerism (CSEV) benefits companies, employees, and society while helping companies meet the expectations of corporate social responsibility (CSR). A nationally representative telephone survey of 990 Canadian companies examined CSEV through the lens of Porter and Kramer's (2006, 'Strategy and society: the link between competitive advantage and corporate social responsibility', Harvard Business Review, 78-92.) CSR model. The results demonstrated that Canadian companies passively support employee volunteerism in a variety of ways, such as allowing employees to take time (...)
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  10. Stephen Barr (2000). Irving Velody. History of the Human Sciences 13 (3):4-4.score: 30.0
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  11. Martin W. Barr (1898). Defective Children: Their Needs and Their Rights. International Journal of Ethics 8 (4):481-490.score: 30.0
  12. W. Barr (1963). Giovanni Runchina: Tecnica drammatica e retorica nelle tragedie di Seneca. (Estratto dagli Annali delle Facoltà di Lettere, Filosofia e Magistero, Vol. xxviii.) Pp. 185. Cagliari: Università, 1960. Paper. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 13 (02):225-.score: 30.0
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  13. D. A. Barr (1996). The Ethics of Soviet Medical Practice: Behaviours and Attitudes of Physicians in Soviet Estonia. Journal of Medical Ethics 22 (1):33-40.score: 30.0
    OBJECTIVES: To study and report the attitudes and practices of physicians in a former Soviet republic regarding issues pertaining to patients' rights, physician negligence and the acceptance of gratuities from patients. DESIGN: Survey questionnaire administered to physicians in 1991 at the time of the Soviet breakup. SETTING: Estonia, formerly a Soviet republic, now an independent state. SURVEY SAMPLE: A stratified, random sample of 1,000 physicians, representing approximately 20 per cent of practicing physicians under the age of 65. RESULTS: Most physicians (...)
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  14. H. J. Barr (1964). The Epistemology of Causality From the Point of View of Evolutionary Biology. Philosophy of Science 31 (3):286-288.score: 30.0
  15. William F. Barr (1974). A Pragmatic Analysis of Idealizations in Physics. Philosophy of Science 41 (1):48-64.score: 30.0
    A brief discussion is offered of what it means to say that a set of statements provides D-N explanation with special emphasis given to approximative D-N explanation. An idealized theory is seen to provide approximative D-N explanation. An ideal case provides explanation only if postulates are offered which connect the ideal antecedent condition with actual conditions. Such postulates will help in accounting for deviations between what the consequent of the ideal case entails and what actually occurs. Three ways are presented (...)
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  16. William F. Barr (1971). A Syntactic and Semantic Analysis of Idealizations in Science. Philosophy of Science 38 (2):258-272.score: 30.0
    Various laws and theories in the natural and social sciences are presented with a view to discerning the syntactic and semantic characteristics of many idealizations in science. Three different kinds of idealizations are discussed: ideal conditions, ideal cases, and idealized theories. An ideal condition is a formula in which state variables occur, whose existential closure is false, and for which there is another formula that can be constructed out of the original formula such that the existential closure of the new (...)
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  17. Dale J. Barr & Boaz Keysar (2004). Is Language Processing Different in Dialogue? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (2):190-191.score: 30.0
    Pickering & Garrod (P&G) claim that the automatic mechanisms that underlie language processing in dialogue are absent in monologue. We disagree with this claim, and argue that dialogue simply provides a different context in which the same basic processes operate.
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  18. James Barr (1989). Literality. Faith and Philosophy 6 (4):412-428.score: 30.0
    Although the concept of the literal is very widely used in the discussion of biblical interpretation, it has seldom been deeply analysed. “Conservative” understandings of the Bible are often thought of as literal, but it is equally true that “critical” views are built upon literality. In some relations, literality seems to imply physicality, in others to mean exactitude in the rendering of “spiritual” realities. In Christianity the relation of Christians to the laws of the Old Testament is a prime area (...)
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  19. Stephen M. Barr (forthcoming). Modern Physics and Ancient Faith. Religious Studies.score: 30.0
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  20. Nathaniel Barr, Gordon Pennycook, Jennifer A. Stolz & Jonathan A. Fugelsang (2014). Reasoned Connections: A Dual-Process Perspective on Creative Thought. Thinking and Reasoning 21 (1):61-75.score: 30.0
    A divide exists in the creativity literature as to whether relatively more or less executive processing is beneficial to creative thinking. To explore this issue, we employ an individual differences perspective informed by dual-process theories in which it is assumed that people vary in the extent to which they rely on autonomous or controlled processing . We find that those more willing and/or able to engage Type 2 processing are more likely to successfully make creative connections in tasks requiring the (...)
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  21. Myer Bernard Barr (1932/1982). Studies in Social and Legal Theories: An Historical Account of the Social, Ethical, Political, and Legal Doctrines of the Foremost Ancient and Medieval Philosophers. F.B. Rothman & Co..score: 30.0
    The author attempted to present the development of legal theories through early & medieval philosophical history.
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  22. Lynn Hickey Schultz, Dennis J. Barr & Robert L. Selman (2001). The Value of a Developmental Approach to Evaluating Character Development Programmes: An Outcome Study of Facing History and Ourselves. Journal of Moral Education 30 (1):3-27.score: 30.0
    An outcome study of the Facing History and Ourselves (FHAO) programme is used to illustrate a developmental evaluation methodology developed by the Group for the Study of Interpersonal Development (GSID). The GSID approach to programme evaluation of character development programmes embeds the evaluation into a theoretical framework consonant with the theoretical underpinnings of the programme, using measures sharing the same theoretical assumptions as the practice. The subjects in this study were students in eighth-grade social studies and language arts classes in (...)
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  23. Gracia Barr & Harold Herzogl (2000). Fetal Pig:The High School Dissection Experience. Society and Animals 8 (1):53-69.score: 30.0
    Using qualitative methods, we observed a series of fetal pig dissection sessions in a high school biology course and interviewed 17 students in the class.The students' responses to dissection varied considerably. Most felt that dissection was a positive experience, but a substantial minority viewed it primarily in negative terms. Almost all the students had some ambivalence about aspects of the fetal pig lab and believed that alternatives should be provided for students who object to the practice. We argue that dissection (...)
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  24. C. Barr, K. Madhuri, S. Butler-Manuel & A. Tailor (2013). To Assess The Efficacy of Post-Operative Epidural in Patients Undergoing Laparotomy for Suspected or Confirmed Gynaecology Malignancy Within an Enhanced Recovery Programme. Corpus 12:16-8.score: 30.0
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  25. William Barr (1978). Martial M. Citroni: M. Valerii Martialis Epigrammaton Liber Primus. Pp. xcii + 390. Florence: La Nuova Italia, 1975. Cloth. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 28 (01):46-47.score: 30.0
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  26. Robert R. Barr (1956). The Nature of Alteration in Aristotle. New Scholasticism 30 (4):472-484.score: 30.0
  27. Jason J. Barr (2010). The Relationship Between Teachers' Empathy and Perceptions of School Culture. Educational Studies 37 (3):365-369.score: 30.0
    This research examined the relationship between teachers? empathy and perceptions of their school?s culture. Teachers? ability to change their school?s culture might be limited by their inability to interpret and respond appropriately to student behaviour. As teachers? empathic abilities increase, it seems likely that they would be better able to understand and respond appropriately to their students. Teachers? perspective?taking was positively associated with their positive perceptions of student?peer relations, school norms and educational opportunities. Teachers? personal distress was negatively related to (...)
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  28. D. A. Barr, L. Fenton & D. Blane (2008). The Claim for Patient Choice and Equity. Journal of Medical Ethics 34 (4):271-274.score: 30.0
    Recently, commentators close to and within the UK government have claimed that patient choice can increase equity in the context of the National Health Service. This article critically examines the basis for this claim through analysis of recent speeches and publications authored by secretaries of state for health and their policy advisers. It is concluded that this claim has not developed prospectively from an analysis of the causes of healthcare inequity, or even with a consistent normative definition of equity. The (...)
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  29. Rania Al Nakib, Barbara Applebaum, Annice Barber, Jason Barr, Daniel Bell, Roger Bergman, Marvin Berkowitz, Antonio Bernal Guerrero, Thomas Bienengräber & Melinda Bier (2011). Journal of Moral Education Referees In. Journal of Moral Education 40 (2):273-276.score: 30.0
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  30. Donald Barr (2006). Reinvesting in the Doctor-Patient Relationship in the Coming Era of Scarcity. American Journal of Bioethics 6 (1):33 – 34.score: 30.0
  31. Robin Williams, Michael Barr & Erica Haimes (2008). The Bioethics of Security. Bioethics 22 (9).score: 30.0
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  32. James Barr (1974). After Five Years: A Retrospect on Two Major Translations of the Bible. Heythrop Journal 15 (4):381–405.score: 30.0
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  33. Robert R. Barr (1956). Aristotle on Natural Place. New Scholasticism 30 (2):206-210.score: 30.0
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  34. James Barr (1920). On Longevity and Means for the Prolongation of Life. The Eugenics Review 11 (4):226.score: 30.0
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  35. Hanif Akar, Annice Barber, Jason J. Barr, Mickey Bebeau, Roger Bergman, Marvin W. Berkowitz, Angela Bermudez, Augusto Blasi, Lawrence A. Blum & Tonia Bock (2012). Journal of Moral Education Referees in 2011. Journal of Moral Education 41 (2):273-277.score: 30.0
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  36. W. Barr (1965). Auréle Cattin: Les thèmes lyriques dans les tragédies de Sénèque. Pp. 123. Neuchâtel: privately printed, 1963. Paper. The Classical Review 15 (01):121-.score: 30.0
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  37. Robert R. Barr (1963). A Relational Analysis of Intentionality. Modern Schoolman 40 (3):225-244.score: 30.0
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  38. W. Barr (1998). Claudian, Panegyricus de Sexto Consulatu Honorii Augusti. M Dewar. The Classical Review 48 (2):322-323.score: 30.0
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  39. Dale J. Barr (2004). Establishing Conventional Communication Systems: Is Common Knowledge Necessary? Cognitive Science 28 (6):937-962.score: 30.0
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  40. James Barr (1912). Medical Revolution: A Plea for National Preservation of Health Based Upon the Natural Interpretation of Disease. The Eugenics Review 3 (4):360.score: 30.0
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  41. [deleted]Dale J. Barr (2013). Random Effects Structure for Testing Interactions in Linear Mixed-Effects Models. Frontiers in Psychology 4.score: 30.0
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  42. David L. Barr (1986). The Apocalypse of John as Oral Enactment. Interpretation 40 (3):243-256.score: 30.0
    The hearers of the Apocalypse enter another universe, a temporary arena in which the norms and realities of everyday life are laid aside and a vision is opened of the final reign of God.
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  43. Boaz Keysar, Shuhong Lin & Dale J. Barr (2003). Limits on Theory of Mind Use in Adults. Cognition 89 (1):25-41.score: 30.0
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  44. Gordon Pennycook, James Allan Cheyne, Nathaniel Barr, Derek J. Koehler & Jonathan A. Fugelsang (2014). The Role of Analytic Thinking in Moral Judgements and Values. Thinking and Reasoning 20 (2):188-214.score: 30.0
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  45. [deleted]Shali Wu, Dale J. Barr, Timothy Matthew Gann & Boaz Keysar (2013). How Culture Influences Perspective Taking: Differences in Correction, Not Integration. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7:822.score: 30.0
    Individuals from East Asian (Chinese) backgrounds have been shown to exhibit greater sensitivity to a speaker's perspective than Western (US) participants when resolving referentially ambiguous expressions. We show that this cultural difference does not reflect better integration of social information during language processing, but rather is the result of differential correction: in the earliest moments of referential processing, Chinese participants showed equivalent egocentric interference to Westerners, but managed to suppress the interference earlier and more effectively. A time-series analysis of visual-world (...)
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  46. Paul J. Barr, Shauna C. Brady, Carmel M. Hughes & James C. McElnay (forthcoming). Public Knowledge and Perceptions of Connected Health. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice:n/a-n/a.score: 30.0
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  47. [deleted]Louis Barr (1971). Studies of Populations of Sea Urchins, "Strongylocentrotus" Sp., in Relation to Underground Nuclear Testing at Amchitka Island, Alaska. BioScience 21 (12):614-617.score: 30.0
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  48. Stephen M. Barr (2003). The Intellect and Evolution. The National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly 3 (3):463-470.score: 30.0
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  49. Luba Falk Feigenberg, Melissa Steel King, Dennis Barr & Robert Selman (2008). Belonging to and Exclusion From the Peer Group in Schools: Influences on Adolescents' Moral Choices. Journal of Moral Education 37 (2):165-184.score: 30.0
    This paper reports on a mixed methods study of adolescents' responses to case material about social exclusion. First, a qualitative coding method is presented that describes the way adolescents choose and justify strategies to negotiate such situations. The responses were then analysed quantitatively using chi square tests and multinomial logistic regression. Findings indicate that adolescents' interpretation of their social context was a significant factor in their choice of strategy. Those adolescents who invoked normative rules and conventions as the most salient (...)
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  50. Harold Herzogl & Gracia Barr (2000). Fetal Pig:The High School Dissection Experience. Society and Animals 8 (1):53-69.score: 30.0
    Using qualitative methods, we observed a series of fetal pig dissection sessions in a high school biology course and interviewed 17 students in the class.The students' responses to dissection varied considerably. Most felt that dissection was a positive experience, but a substantial minority viewed it primarily in negative terms. Almost all the students had some ambivalence about aspects of the fetal pig lab and believed that alternatives should be provided for students who object to the practice. We argue that dissection (...)
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