Search results for 'Abnormalities, Human History' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Michel Foucault (2003). Abnormal: Lectures at the Collège De France, 1974-1975. Picador.score: 198.0
    The second volume in an unprecedented publishing event: the complete College de France lectures of one of the most influential thinkers of the last century Michel Foucault remains among the towering intellectual figures of postmodern philosophy. His works on sexuality, madness, the prison, and medicine are classics his example continues to challenge and inspire. From 1971 until his death in 1984, Foucault gave public lectures at the world-famous College de France. These lectures were seminal events. Attended by thousands, they created (...)
     
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  2. Andrew N. Sharpe (2010). Foucault's Monsters and the Challenge of Law. Routledge.score: 135.0
    Foucault's theoretical framework -- Foucault's monsters as genealogy : the abnormal individual -- An English legal history of monsters -- Changing sex : the problem of transsexuality -- Sharing bodies : the problem of conjoined twins -- Admixing embyros : the problem of human/animal hybrids -- Conclusion.
     
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  3. A. M. Gossage (1912). The Inheritance of Certain Human Abnormalities. The Eugenics Review 4 (2):147.score: 120.0
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  4. William L. Nyhan (1984). Biotin‐Related Abnormalities in Human Metabolism. Bioessays 1 (2):69-72.score: 120.0
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  5. Robin M. Winter (1996). Analysing Human Developmental Abnormalities. Bioessays 18 (12):965-971.score: 120.0
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  6. Roger Brownsword, W. R. Cornish & Margaret Llewelyn (eds.) (1998). Law and Human Genetics: Regulating a Revolution. Hart Pub..score: 78.0
    This special issue of the Modern Law Review addresses a range of key issues - conceptual, ethical, political and practical - arising from the regulatory ...
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  7. Edita Gruodytė (2012). Legal Aspects of Regulation of Abortion in the Context of Jurisprudence of the European Court of Human Rights. Jurisprudence 19 (2):739-752.score: 66.0
    Regulatory approach to the right to abortion in Europe is diverse and basically related to the issue of when the right to life begins and how this question is reflected in national legislation. Such an approach and diversity is tolerated by the European Court of Human Rights, but only if some specific standards and criteria formulated in the jurisprudence of the European Court of Human Rights are reflected in national legislation. Research of the Lithuanian legal acts conducted in (...)
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  8. Robert Lane (2006). Safety, Identity and Consent: A Limited Defense of Reproductive Human Cloning. Bioethics 20 (3):125–135.score: 54.0
    Some opponents of reproductive human cloning have argued that, because of its experimental nature, any attempt to create a child by way of cloning would risk serious birth defects or genetic abnormalities and would therefore be immoral. Some versions of this argument appeal to the consent of the person to be conceived in this way. In particular, they assume that if an experimental reproductive technology has not yet been shown to be safe, then, before we use it, we are (...)
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  9. Danielius Serapinas (2013). Legislative and Ethical Peculiarities of Human Genetic Data Protection. Jurisprudence 20 (1):165-179.score: 54.0
    Genetics is a biomedical science that investigates heredity, variability, occurrence of genetic diseases and their prevention. Genetic science has many fields of science, which deal with different genetic processes, methods, aspects and fields of application. The genetic research in Europe related to the individual as the main subject of the research is exposed to a wide range of ethical and legal issues. From the developments in genetic science other sciences have evolved, thanks to which the modern world is able to (...)
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  10. A. Giubilini & F. Minerva (2013). After-Birth Abortion: Why Should the Baby Live? Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (5):261-263.score: 48.0
    Abortion is largely accepted even for reasons that do not have anything to do with the fetus' health. By showing that (1) both fetuses and newborns do not have the same moral status as actual persons, (2) the fact that both are potential persons is morally irrelevant and (3) adoption is not always in the best interest of actual people, the authors argue that what we call ‘after-birth abortion’ (killing a newborn) should be permissible in all the cases where abortion (...)
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  11. Patricia Green (2013). Dangerous Pregnancies: Mothers, Disabilities, and Abortion in Modern America. [REVIEW] Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 10 (3):415-417.score: 48.0
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  12. María Jorqui Azofra (2010). Análisis Genéticos En El Ámbito Asistencial: Reflexión Ético-Jurídica. Comares.score: 48.0
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  13. Euangelos K. Mallios (2004). Genetikes Exetaseis Kai Dikaio. Ekdoseis Thessalonikē.score: 48.0
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  14. [deleted]Kevin M. Spencer (2009). The Functional Consequences of Cortical Circuit Abnormalities on Gamma Oscillations in Schizophrenia: Insights From Computational Modeling. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 3.score: 48.0
    Schizophrenia is characterized by cortical circuit abnormalities, which might be reflected in γ-frequency (30-100 Hz) oscillations in the electroencephalogram. Here we used a computational model of cortical circuitry to examine the effects that neural circuit abnormalities might have on γ generation and network excitability. The model network consisted of 1000 leaky integrate-and-fire neurons with realistic connectivity patterns and proportions of neuron types (pyramidal cells [PCs], regular-spiking inhibitory interneurons, and fast-spiking interneurons [FSIs]). The network produced a γ oscillation when driven by (...)
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  15. Ballakh Kirill (2008). Abnormalizing in Development Processes. Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 16:157-162.score: 44.0
    Thinking about abnormalization, the author views abnormalizing as one of the means of entering the space where everything is born, and evaluates the place of this means in modern society. Over the course of human history, society established norms and taboos of all kinds, and the system of norms and taboosdetermined the society itself. This is especially important in modern society, the society where, besides self-reproduction, development is also one of the main objectives, which presupposes constant creation of (...)
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  16. [deleted]Fabrice Guillaume, Emmanuel Stip & Guy Tiberghien (2013). About the Nature of Contextual Impairments Revealed by FN400 Abnormalities in Schizophrenia. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.score: 42.0
    About the nature of contextual impairments revealed by FN400 abnormalities in schizophrenia.
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  17. [deleted]Martin Kronbichler Melanie Tschernegg, Julia S. Crone, Tina Eigenberger, Philipp Schwartenbeck, Mira Fauth-Bühler, Tagrid Lemènager, Karl Mann, Natasha Thon, Friedrich M. Wurst (2013). Abnormalities of Functional Brain Networks in Pathological Gambling: A Graph-Theoretical Approach. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.score: 42.0
    Functional neuroimaging studies of pathological gambling demonstrate alterations in frontal and subcortical regions of the mesolimbic reward system. However, most investigations were performed using tasks involving reward processing or executive functions. Little is known about brain network abnormalities during task-free resting state in pathological gambling. In the present study, graph-theoretical methods were used to investigate network properties of resting state functional MRI data in pathological gambling. We compared 19 patients with pathological gambling to 19 healthy controls using the Graph Analysis (...)
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  18. Thomas J. Schoeneman, Shannon Brooks, Carla Gibson, Julia Routbort & Dieter Jacobs (1994). Seeing the Insane in Textbooks of Abnormal Psychology: The Uses of Art in Histories of Mental Illness. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 24 (2):111–141.score: 40.0
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  19. Morton Prince (1973). The Unconscious: The Fundamentals of Human Personality Normal and Abnormal. New York,Arno Press.score: 40.0
  20. Alexander A. Schneiders (1942). The Unity of the Human Person in the Light of Evidence From Abnormal and Dynamic Psychology. Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 18:112-116.score: 40.0
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  21. [deleted]James Jeffrey Bradstreet, Stefania Pacini & Marco Ruggiero (2014). A New Methodology of Viewing Extra-Axial Fluid and Cortical Abnormalities in Children with Autism Via Transcranial Ultrasonography. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.score: 36.0
  22. [deleted]Yücel M. (2008). Anatomical Abnormalities of the Anterior Cingulate Cortex Before the Onset of Psychosis. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 2.score: 36.0
  23. [deleted]Linden D. (2008). Anatomical Abnormalities of Heschl Gyrus in Schizophrenia Patients and Unaffected Relatives. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 2.score: 36.0
  24. Hythum Ibrahim & Michael Newman (2005). Ultrasound Soft Markers of Chromosomal Abnormalities; an Ethical Dilemma for Obstetricians. Human Reproduction and Genetic Ethics 11 (2).score: 36.0
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  25. [deleted]Dario Siniscalco (2014). The Searching for Autism Biomarkers: A Commentary On: A New Methodology of Viewing Extra-Axial Fluid and Cortical Abnormalities in Children with Autism Via Transcranial Ultrasonography. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.score: 36.0
  26. [deleted]Linden D. E. J. (2008). Temporal Lobe Abnormalities and Reduced Hemispheric Lateralization in Schizophrenia Patients and Unaffected Relatives. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 2.score: 36.0
  27. [deleted]Weiner M. (2010). Executive Dysfunction in Frontotemporal Dementia is Related to Abnormalities in Frontal White Matter Tracts. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 4.score: 36.0
  28. [deleted]Weisz Nathan (2011). Neuromagnetic Premotor Abnormalities in Children with Asperger Syndrome Compared to Control Children Correlate with Social Skills. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 5.score: 36.0
  29. [deleted]Dockree Paul (2011). Event Related Potentials (ERPs) and Cognitive Abnormalities in a Rare Neurological Autoimmune Syndrome: A Single Case Study. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 5.score: 36.0
  30. [deleted]Yigal Agam Dara S. Manoach (2013). Neural Markers of Errors as Endophenotypes in Neuropsychiatric Disorders. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.score: 30.0
    Learning from errors is fundamental to adaptive human behavior. It requires detecting errors, evaluating what went wrong, and adjusting behavior accordingly. These dynamic adjustments are at the heart of behavioral flexibility and accumulating evidence suggests that deficient error processing contributes to maladaptively rigid and repetitive behavior in a range of neuropsychiatric disorders. Neuroimaging and electrophysiological studies reveal highly reliable neural markers of error processing. In this review, we evaluate the evidence that abnormalities in these neural markers can serve as (...)
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  31. [deleted]Can Ceritoglu, Lei Wang, Lynn D. Selemon, John G. Csernansky, Michael I. Miller & J. Tilak Ratnanather (2010). Large Deformation Diffeomorphic Metric Mapping Registration of Reconstructed 3D Histological Section Images and in Vivo MR Images. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 4:43-43.score: 30.0
    Our current understanding of neuroanatomical abnormalities in neuropsychiatric diseases is based largely on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and post mortem histological analyses of the brain. Further advances in elucidating altered brain structure in these human conditions might emerge from combining MRI and histological methods. We propose a multistage method for registering 3D volumes reconstructed from histological sections to corresponding in vivo MRI volumes from the same subjects: (1) manual segmentation of white matter (WM), gray matter (GM) and cerebrospinal fluid (...)
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  32. [deleted]Daniel H. Mathalon & Judith M. Ford (2012). Neurobiology of Schizophrenia: Search for the Elusive Correlation with Symptoms. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 6.score: 30.0
    In the last half-century, human neuroscience methods provided a way to study schizophrenia in vivo, and established that it is associated with subtle abnormalities in brain structure and function. However, efforts to understand the neurobiological bases of the clinical symptoms that the diagnosis is based on have been largely unsuccessful. In this paper, we provide an overview of the conceptual and methodological obstacles that undermine efforts to link the severity of specific symptoms to specific neurobiological measures. These obstacles include (...)
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  33. [deleted]Vince D. Calhoun Jing Sui, Qingbao Yu, Hao He, Godfrey D. Pearlson (2012). A Selective Review of Multimodal Fusion Methods in Schizophrenia. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 6.score: 30.0
    Schizophrenia (SZ) is one of the most cryptic and costly mental disorders in terms of human suffering and societal expenditure (van Os and Kapur, 2009). Though strong evidences for functional, structural and genetic abnormalities associated with this disease exist, there is yet no replicable finding which has proven accurate enough to be useful in clinical decision making (Fornito et al., 2009), and its diagnosis relies primarily upon symptom assessment (Williams et al., 2010a). It is likely in part that the (...)
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  34. Jonathan Y. Tsou (2008). The Reality and Classification of Mental Disorders. Dissertation, University of Chicagoscore: 27.0
    This dissertation examines psychiatry from a philosophy of science perspective, focusing on issues of realism and classification. Questions addressed in the dissertation include: What evidence is there for the reality of mental disorders? Are any mental disorders natural kinds? When are disease explanations of abnormality warranted? How should mental disorders be classified? -/- In addressing issues concerning the reality of mental disorders, I draw on the accounts of realism defended by Ian Hacking and William Wimsatt, arguing that biological research on (...)
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  35. Hubert L. Dreyfus (1987). Foucault's Critique of Psychiatric Medicine. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 12 (4):311-333.score: 27.0
    From his earliest published work, Mental Illness and Personality (1954), to his last project, The History of Sexuality , Foucault was critical of the human sciences as a dubious and dangerous attempt to model a science of human beings on the natural sciences. He therefore preferred existential therapy, which did not attempt to give a causal account of human nature, but rather described the general structure of the human way of being and its possible distortions. (...)
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  36. James P. Cadello (1988). Richard Rorty's 'Philosophy and the Mirror of Nature': An Existential Critique. [REVIEW] Journal of Value Inquiry 22 (1):67-76.score: 27.0
    Seeing philosophy as conversation with a number of fruitful avenues of discourse, Rorty seems to be caught in limbo, unwilling to follow through or commit himself to any particular line of discourse for fear of closing himself off to alternative discourses. Choosing to adopt this particular attitude he still has made a choice: he has made a commitment to non-commitment, or as Ortega puts it, “decided not to decide.” Jose Ortega y Gasset, The Revolt of the Masses, trans. anonymously (New (...)
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  37. Vilém Flusser (2012). The Ground We Tread. Continent 2 (2):60-63.score: 27.0
    continent. 2.2 (2012): 60–63 Translated by Rodrigo Maltez Novaes. From the forthcoming book Post-History , Minneapolis: Univocal Publishing, 2013. It is not necessary to have a keen ear in order to find out that the steps we take towards the future sound hollow. But it is necessary to have concentrated hearing if one wishes to find out which type of vacuity resonates with our progress. There are several types of vacuity, and ours must be compared to others, if the (...)
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  38. David L. Schiedermayer (1989). One Face of Beauty, One Picture of Health: The Hidden Aesthetic of Medical Practice. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 14 (2):213-230.score: 27.0
    Unrecognized presuppositions about patient appearance have become increasingly important in medicine, medical ethics and medical law. Symptoms of these historically conditioned assumptions include common ageism, aesthetic surgery, and litigation about ‘wrongful life’. These phenomena suggest a societal intolerance for what is considered an ‘abnormal’ appearance. Among others, eighteenth-century artists and anatomists helped to set these twentieth-century precedents, actually measuring deviations of external traits to analogous deformations of the soul, and drawing moral conclusions from physiognomic measurements. Other eighteenth-century artists countered with (...)
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  39. Michael O'Rourke (2011). The Afterlives of Queer Theory. Continent 1 (2):102-116.score: 27.0
    continent. 1.2 (2011): 102-116. All experience open to the future is prepared or prepares itself to welcome the monstrous arrivant, to welcome it, that is, to accord hospitality to that which is absolutely foreign or strange [….] All of history has shown that each time an event has been produced, for example in philosophy or in poetry, it took the form of the unacceptable, or even of the intolerable, or the incomprehensible, that is, of a certain monstrosity. Jacques Derrida (...)
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  40. Jeanne Marecek (1993). Disappearances, Silences, and Anxious Rhetoric: Gender in Abnormal Psychology Textbooks. Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 13 (2):114-123.score: 26.0
  41. Vera Bergelson (2013). Vice is Nice But Incest is Best: The Problem of a Moral Taboo. [REVIEW] Criminal Law and Philosophy 7 (1):43-59.score: 24.0
    Incest is a crime in most societies. In the United States, incest is punishable in almost every state with sentences going as far as 20 and 30 years in prison, and even a life sentence. Yet the reasons traditionally proffered in justification of criminalization of incest—respecting religion and universal tradition; avoiding genetic abnormalities; protecting the family unit; preventing sexual abuse and sexual imposition; and precluding immorality—at a close examination, reveal their under- and over-inclusiveness, inconsistency or outright inadequacy. It appears that (...)
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  42. Jeremy Fernando (2011). Bang Bang - A Response to Vincent W.J. Van Gerven Oei. Continent 1 (3):224-228.score: 24.0
    On 22 July, 2011, we were confronted with the horror of the actions of Anders Behring Breivik. The instant reaction, as we have seen with similar incidents in the past—such as the Oklahoma City bombings—was to attempt to explain the incident. Whether the reasons given were true or not were irrelevant: the fact that there was a reason was better than if there were none. We should not dismiss those that continue to cling on to the initial claims of a (...)
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  43. Yazan Abu Ghazal (2014). Perspectivity in Psychiatric Research: The Psychopathology of Schizophrenia in Postwar Germany (1955–1961). [REVIEW] Medicine Studies 4 (1-4):103-111.score: 24.0
    The reorganization of psychiatric knowledge at the turn of the twentieth century derived from Emil Kraepelin’s clinical classification of psychoses. Surprisingly, within just few years, Kraepelin’s simple dichotomy between dementia praecox (schizophrenias) and manic-depressive psychosis (bipolar disorders) succeeded in giving psychiatry a new framework that is still used until the present day. Unexpectedly, Kraepelin’s simple clinical scheme based on the dichotomy replaced the significantly more differentiated nosography that dominated psychiatric research in the last three decades of the nineteenth century (Janzarik (...)
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  44. David Dunnett, Anthony Goodbody & Martin Stanisstreet (1991). Computer Modelling of Neural Tube Defects. Acta Biotheoretica 39 (1).score: 24.0
    Neurulation, the curling of the neuroepithelium to form the neural tube, is an essential component of the development of animal embryos. Defects of neural tube formation, which occur with an overall frequency of one in 500 human births, are the cause of severe and distressing congenital abnormalities. However, despite the fact that there is increasing information from animal experiments about the mechanisms which effect neural tube formation, much less is known about the fundamental causes of neural tube defects (NTD). (...)
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  45. Christian C. Ruff Rachel N. Denison, Jon Driver (2012). Temporal Structure and Complexity Affect Audio-Visual Correspondence Detection. Frontiers in Psychology 3.score: 24.0
    Synchrony between events in different senses has long been considered the critical temporal cue for multisensory integration. Here, using rapid streams of auditory and visual events, we demonstrate how humans can use temporal structure (rather than mere temporal coincidence) to detect multisensory relatedness. We find psychophysically that participants can detect matching auditory and visual streams via shared temporal structure for crossmodal lags of up to 200 ms. Performance on this task reproduced features of past findings based on explicit timing judgments (...)
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  46. Rolf Verleger & Rebekka Lencer (2004). Are the DTI Results Positive Evidence for George Bernard Shaw's View? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (6):866-866.score: 24.0
    We discuss how Burns' conception may be further extended to integrate research on eye movement abnormalities, but then point to a contradiction between Burns' conception of schizophrenia as the genetic price for human social life and the diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) data, which constitute his central piece of evidence.
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  47. [deleted]Yael Adini Yoram S. Bonneh, Yoram Levanon, Omrit Dean-Pardo, Lan Lossos (2010). Abnormal Speech Spectrum and Increased Pitch Variability in Young Autistic Children. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 4.score: 22.0
    Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) who can speak often exhibit abnormal voice quality and speech prosody, but the exact nature and underlying mechanisms of these abnormalities, as well as their diagnostic power are currently unknown. Here we quantified speech abnormalities in terms of the properties of the long-term average spectrum (LTAS) and pitch variability in speech samples of 83 children (41 with ASD, 42 controls) ages 4-6.5 years, recorded while they named a sequence of daily-life pictures for 60 sec. (...)
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  48. [deleted]Jane McGrath, Katherine Johnson, Erik O'Hanlon, Hugh Garavan, Alexander Leemans & Louise Gallagher (2013). Abnormal Functional Connectivity During Visuospatial Processing is Associated with Disrupted Organisation of White Matter in Autism. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.score: 22.0
    Disruption of structural and functional neural connectivity has been widely reported in Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) but there is a striking lack of research attempting to integrate analysis of functional and structural connectivity in the same study population, an approach that may provide key insights into the specific neurobiological underpinnings of altered functional connectivity in autism. The aims of this study were 1. to determine whether functional connectivity abnormalities were associated with structural abnormalities of white matter (WM) in ASD and (...)
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  49. Mark V. Flinn, Robert J. Quinlan, Seamus A. Decker, Mark T. Turner & Barry G. England (1996). Male-Female Differences in Effects of Parental Absence on Glucocorticoid Stress Response. Human Nature 7 (2):125-162.score: 21.0
    This study examines the family environments and hormone profiles of 316 individuals aged 2 months-58 years residing in a rural village on the east coast of Dominica, a former British colony in the West Indies. Fieldwork was conducted over an eight-year period (1988–1995). Research methods and techniques include radioimmunoassay of cortisol and testosterone from saliva samples (N=22,340), residence histories, behavioral observations of family interactions, extensive ethnographic interview and participant observation, psychological questionnaires, and medical examinations.Analyses of data indicate complex, sex-specific effects (...)
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  50. M. E. (2003). Henry Dale, Histamine and Anaphylaxis: Reflections on the Role of Chance in the History of Allergy. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 34 (3):455-472.score: 20.0
    The role of the Nobel Laureate Henry Dale (1875-1968) in the history of allergy and the association of anaphylactic conditions with the liberation of histamine is often overlooked. This paper examines his work in this field in the broader context of his researches into endogenous mediators of normal physiological and abnormal pathological functioning. It also assesses the impact of his working environment, especially the unique conditions he enjoyed at the beginning of the twentieth century in the Wellcome Physiological Research (...)
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