Search results for 'Adrian Avery Archer' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  1
    Avery Archer (2015). Reconceiving Direction of Fit. Thought: A Journal of Philosophy 4 (2).
    I argue that the concept of direction of fit is best seen as picking out a certain inferential property of a psychological attitude. The property in question is one that believing shares with assuming and fantasizing and fails to share with desire. Unfortunately, the standard analysis of DOF obscures this fact because it conflates two very different properties of an attitude: that in virtue of which it displays a certain DOF, and that in virtue of which it displays certain revision (...)
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  2. Margaret Archer (1998). 'Realism and Morphogenesis' in Archer Et. Al. In Margaret Scotford Archer (ed.), Critical Realism: Essential Readings. Routledge
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  3. Margaret Scotford Archer (2000). Being Human: The Problem of Agency. Cambridge University Press.
    Humanity and the very notion of the human subject are under threat from postmodernist thinking which has declared not only the 'Death of God' but also the 'Death of Man'. This book is a revindication of the concept of humanity, rejecting contemporary social theory that seeks to diminish human properties and powers. Archer argues that being human depends on an interaction with the real world in which practice takes primacy over language in the emergence of human self-consciousness, thought, emotionality (...)
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  4.  5
    Lawrence O. Gostin & Robert Archer (2007). The Duty of States to Assist Other States in Need: Ethics, Human Rights, and International Law. Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 35 (4):526-533.
    In this article, Gostin and Archer explore the varied lenses through which governments are obligated to address humanitarian needs. States’responsibilities to help others derive from domestic law, political commitments, ethical values, national interests, and international law. What is needed, however, is clarity and detailed standards so that States can operationalize this responsibility, making it real for developing countries. Transnational cooperation needs to be more effective and consistent to provide assistance for the world's poorest and least healthy people.
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  5.  3
    Aaron Sell & John Archer (2009). Standards of Evidence for Designed Sex Differences. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 32 (3):289.
    At the heart of the debate between social role theorists and evolutionary psychologists is whether natural selection has designed the minds of the sexes differently to some interesting extent. In this commentary I describe the standards of evidence for both the positive and negative claims. In my opinion, Archer has met the standard for designed sex differences in intrasexual conflict.
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  6.  3
    Farnaz Kaighobadi, Todd K. Shackelford & John Archer (2009). Suspicions of Female Infidelity Predict Men's Partner-Directed Violence. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 32 (3):281.
    Archer's argument regarding sex differences in partner violence rests on a general account of between-sex differences in reproductive strategies and in social roles. However, men's partner-directed violence often is predicted by perceived risk of female infidelity. We hypothesize that men's partner-directed violence is produced by psychological mechanisms evolved to solve the adaptive problem of paternity uncertainty.
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  7. Alfred Archer (2014). Moral Rationalism Without Overridingness. Ratio 27 (1):100-114.
    Moral Rationalism is the view that if an act is morally required then it is what there is most reason to do. It is often assumed that the truth of Moral Rationalism is dependent on some version of The Overridingness Thesis, the view that moral reasons override nonmoral reasons. However, as Douglas Portmore has pointed out, the two can come apart; we can accept Moral Rationalism without accepting any version of The Overridingness Thesis. Nevertheless, The Overridingness Thesis serves as one (...)
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  8.  6
    Margaret S. Archer (2010). Routine, Reflexivity, and Realism. Sociological Theory 28 (3):272 - 303.
    Many scholars continue to accord routine action a central role in social theory and defend the continuing relevance of Bourdieu's habitus. Simultaneously, most recognize the importance of reflexivity. In this article, I consider three versions of the effort to render these concepts compatible, which I term "empirical combination," "hybridization," and "ontological and theoretical reconciliation." None of the efforts is ultimately successful in analytical terms. Moreover, I argue on empirical grounds that the relevance of habitus began to decrease toward the end (...)
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  9.  20
    Margaret Scotford Archer (2004). Transcendence: Critical Realism and God. Routledge.
    Atheism as a belief does not have to present intellectual credentials within academia. Yet to hold beliefs means giving reasons for doing so, ones which may be found wanting. Instead, atheism is the automatic default setting within the academic world. Conversely, religious belief confronts a double standard. Religious believers are not permitted to make truth claims but are instead forced to present their beliefs as part of one language game amongst many. Religious truth claims are expected to satisfy empiricist criteria (...)
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  10.  95
    Margaret Scotford Archer (ed.) (1998). Critical Realism: Essential Readings. Routledge.
    Since the publication of Roy Bhaskar's A Realist Theory of Science in 1975, critical realism has emerged as one of the most powerful new directions in the philosophy of science and social science, offering a real alternative to both positivism and postmodernism. This reader makes accessible in one volume key readings to stimulate debate about and within critical realism, including: the transcendental realist philosophy of science elaborated in A Realist Theory of Science ; Bhaskar's critical naturalist philosophy of social science; (...)
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  11.  8
    Howard Brody & Eric N. Avery (2009). Medicine's Duty to Treat Pandemic Illness: Solidarity and Vulnerability. Hastings Center Report 39 (1):40-48.
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  12. Alfred Archer (2013). Supererogation and Intentions of the Agent. Philosophia 41 (2):447-462.
    It has been claimed, by David Heyd, that in order for an act to count as supererogatory the agent performing the act must possess altruistic intentions (1982 p.115). This requirement, Heyd claims, allows us to make sense of the meritorious nature of acts of supererogation. In this paper I will investigate whether there is good reason to accept that this requirement is a necessary condition of supererogation. I will argue that such a reason can be found in cases where two (...)
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  13.  2
    Robert Stewart, Sabrina D. Volpone, Derek R. Avery & Patrick McKay (2011). You Support Diversity, But Are You Ethical? Examining the Interactive Effects of Diversity and Ethical Climate Perceptions on Turnover Intentions. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 100 (4):581 - 593.
    Efforts to identify antecedents of employee turnover are likely to offer value to organizations through money saved on recruitment and new-hire training. The authors utilized the stakeholder perspective to corporate social responsibility to examine the effects of a perceived climate for ethics on the relationship between diversity climate and voluntary turnover intentions. Specifically, they examined how ethics climate (employees' perceptions that their organization values and enforces ethically correct behavior) affected the diversity climate-turnover intentions relationship. Results indicated that ethics climate moderated (...)
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  14.  74
    Margaret S. Archer (2007). Realism and the Problem of Agency. Journal of Critical Realism 5 (1).
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  15.  6
    John Archer (2009). Does Sexual Selection Explain Human Sex Differences in Aggression? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 32 (3-4):249-266.
    I argue that the magnitude and nature of sex differences in aggression, their development, causation, and variability, can be better explained by sexual selection than by the alternative biosocial version of social role theory. Thus, sex differences in physical aggression increase with the degree of risk, occur early in life, peak in young adulthood, and are likely to be mediated by greater male impulsiveness, and greater female fear of physical danger. Male variability in physical aggression is consistent with an alternative (...)
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  16.  7
    Patricia Werhane, Laura Hartman, Crina Archer, David Bevan & Kim Clark (2011). Trust After the Global Financial Meltdown. Business and Society Review 116 (4):403-433.
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  17.  12
    Mark Baetz, Lucia Zivcakova, Eileen Wood, Amanda Nosko, Domenica de Pasquale & Karin Archer (2011). Encouraging Active Classroom Discussion of Academic Integrity and Misconduct in Higher Education Business Contexts. Journal of Academic Ethics 9 (3):217-234.
    The present study assessed business students’ responses to an innovative interactive presentation on academic integrity that employed quoted material from previous students as launching points for discussion. In total, 15 business classes ( n = 412 students) including 2nd, 3rd and 4th year level students participated in the presentations as part of the ethics component of ongoing courses. Students’ perceptions of the importance of academic integrity, self-reports of cheating behaviors, and factors contributing to misconduct were examined along with perceptions about (...)
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  18. Margaret Archer (2007). The Ontological Status of Subjectivity. In Clive Lawson, John Latsis & Nuno Martins (eds.), Contributions to Social Ontology. Routledge
  19.  4
    Marloes Gerrits, Tony Avery & Antoine Lagro‐Janssen (2008). Urinary Incontinence Management in Women: Audit in General Practice. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 14 (5):836-838.
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  20.  7
    Margaret S. Archer (2010). After Mandelbaum : From Societal Facts to Emergent Properties. In Ian Verstegen (ed.), Maurice Mandelbaum and American Critical Realism. Routledge
  21. Margaret S. Archer (2010). Critical Realism and Relational Sociology: Complementarity and Synergy. Journal of Critical Realism 9 (2):199-207.
    This article examines the convergence between Italian relational sociology, developed by Pierpaolo Donati and introduced here by Emmanuele Morandi, and critical realism. Whilst the latter is preoccupied with relations between people and structures, Donati sees the whole social order as a relational entity sui generis. Consequently, relational sociology can provide a fuller account of ‘social integration’ than critical realism, which concentrates upon ‘malintegration’ because of its transformative potential. This difference is viewed as a potential source of synergy between these two (...)
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  22.  12
    John O. Reiss, Ann C. Burke, Charles Archer, Miquel de Renzi, Hernán Dopazo, Arantza Etxeberría, Emily A. Gale, J. Richard Hinchliffe, Laura Nuño de la Rosa, Chris S. Rose, Diego Rasskin-Gutman & Gerd B. Müller (2008). Pere Alberch: Originator of EvoDevo. Biological Theory 3 (4):351-356.
    In September 2008, 10 years after the untimely death of Pere Alberch (1954–1998), the 20th Altenberg Workshop in Theoretical Biology gathered a group of Pere’s students, col- laborators, and colleagues (Figure 1) to celebrate his contribu- tions to the origins of EvoDevo. Hosted by the Konrad Lorenz Institute for Evolution and Cognition Research (KLI) outside Vienna, the group met for two days of discussion. The meeting was organized in tandem with a congress held in May 2008 at the Cavanilles Institute (...)
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  23. Simon Archer (1996). The Ethics of Creative Accounting. Science and Engineering Ethics 2 (1):55-70.
    Creative accounting, which generally involves the preparation of financial statements with the intention of misleading readers of those statements, is prima facie a form oflying, as defined by Bok.1 This paper starts by defining and illustrating creative accounting. It examines and rejects the arguments for considering creative accounting, in spite of its deceptive intent, as not being a form of lying. It then examines the ethical issues raised by creative accounting, in the light of the literature on the ethics of (...)
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  24.  4
    Stuart K. Archer, Charles Claudianos & Hugh D. Campbell (2005). Evolution of the Gelsolin Family of Actin-Binding Proteins as Novel Transcriptional Coactivators. Bioessays 27 (4):388-396.
    The gelsolin gene family encodes a number of higher eukaryotic actin-binding proteins that are thought to function in the cytoplasm by severing, capping, nucleating or bundling actin filaments. Recent evidence, however, suggests that several members of the gelsolin family may have adopted unexpected nuclear functions including a role in regulating transcription. In particular, flightless I, supervillin and gelsolin itself have roles as coactivators for nuclear receptors, despite the fact that their divergence appears to predate the evolutionary appearance of nuclear receptors. (...)
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  25.  3
    Geoffrey R. Archer (2010). Nature's Bounty. Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 21:98-104.
    This purely theoretical paper examines the relationship between the pursuit of entrepreneurial opportunity and environmental impact. Specifically, we attempt to more effectively define environmentally-relevant entrepreneurship through comparisons of different extant definitions in the literature, and to extend Schumpeterian theory through the inclusion of environmental entrepreneurship within his framework. By doing so, we contribute to the entrepreneurship literature through a more encompassing and specified definition of environmental entrepreneurship, and by incorporating environmental entrepreneurship into Schumpeter’s (1934) theoretical framework. We propose that (1) (...)
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  26.  19
    Alfred Archer (2014). Sebastian Schleidgen (Ed.): Should We Act Morally? Essays on Overridingness. [REVIEW] Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 17 (2):349-350.
  27.  11
    Jesus Adrian (2008). Heidegger y el Giro Hermenéutico de la Fenomenología. Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 21:113-120.
    The present paper outlines the main points of Heidegger’s philosophical program starting from his early lectures of Freiburg. This program is founded in two fundamental questions. On the one hand, a thematic question: the phenomenon of life and its different forms of manifestation and apprehension. On the other hand, an eminently methodological question, namely the question of how it is possible to access in a correct manner to the primary sphere of life. This last issue conducts the young Heidegger to (...)
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  28.  4
    G. C. Avery & R. H. Day (1969). Basis of the Horizontal-Vertical Illusion. Journal of Experimental Psychology 81 (2):376.
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  29.  36
    Margaret Archer, Rachel Sharp, Rob Stones & Tony Woodiwiss (2007). Critical Realism and Research Methodology. Journal of Critical Realism 2 (1).
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  30.  8
    Harry C. Avery (1985). Aristotle, the Politics, Translated and with an Introduction, Notes, and Glossary. Ancient Philosophy 5 (2):331-333.
  31.  8
    John Archer (2009). Refining the Sexual Selection Explanation Within an Ethological Framework. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 32 (3-4):292-311.
    My response is organized into three sections. The first revisits the theme of the target article, the explanatory power of sexual selection versus social role theory. The second considers the range and scope of sexual selection, and its application to human sex differences. Two topics are examined in more detail: (1) the paternity uncertainty theory of partner violence; (2) evolution of inter-group aggression. Section 4 covers ultimate and proximal explanations and their integration within an ethological approach. I consider the development (...)
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  32.  8
    Jon Avery (1996). Thomas Jefferson's Freethought Legacy. Newsletter of the Society for the Advancement of American Philosophy 24 (74):34-35.
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  33.  2
    Harry C. Avery (1990). A Meaning of ΠΡΕΣΒΕΥΕΣΘΑΙ. Classical Quarterly 40 (02):545-.
    LSJ s.v. πρεσβεω II.3.b recorded, on the strength of Thuc. 5.39.2, the meaning ‘go as ambassador’ for the middle voice, in addition to the well-attested ‘send ambassadors’. The passage, however, does not on inspection support the meaning ; it was deleted from the Supplement to LSJ.
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  34.  7
    Lynne M. Adrian (1988). Beyond Confederation. The Personalist Forum 4 (2):55-57.
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  35.  26
    Richard L. Archer & Shirley Matile Ogletree (2011). Interpersonal Judgments: Moral Responsibility and Blame. Ethics and Behavior 21 (1):35-48.
    A deterministic perspective, believing choices are a function of hereditary and environmental factors, could theoretically impact perceived moral responsibility and lead to decreased blame in judging others. However, little consistent support has been found relating individual differences in deterministic attitudes to blame/tolerance for others. Perhaps, though, providing information regarding past background hardships affecting an individual's current lifestyle could potentially mediate harsh moralistic judgments of that individual. In the two studies reported here, we further explored the relation of free will/determinism scales (...)
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  36.  3
    E. James Archer, Lyle E. Bourne Jr & Frederick G. Brown (1955). Concept Identification as a Function of Irrelevant Information and Instructions. Journal of Experimental Psychology 49 (3):153.
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  37.  15
    Alfred Archer (2012). Roger Teichmann, Nature, Reason, and the Good Life. Journal of Value Inquiry 46 (1):113-116.
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  38.  2
    Daniel S. Lordahl & E. James Archer (1958). Transfer Effects on a Rotary Pursuit Task as a Function of First-Task Difficulty. Journal of Experimental Psychology 56 (5):421.
  39.  3
    Robert E. Morin, Bert Forrin & Wayne Archer (1961). Information Processing Behavior: The Role of Irrelevant Stimulus Information. Journal of Experimental Psychology 61 (1):89.
  40.  9
    Vanessa Avery (2012). The Jewish Vaccine Against Mimetic Desire: A Girardian Exploration of a Sabbath Ritual. Contagion: Journal of Violence, Mimesis, and Culture 19 (1):19-39.
    In Violence and the Sacred (henceforth, V&S), Rene Girard remarks that when we think of siblings, we often think of affectionate relationships.1 He then proposes, however, that the stories that have come down to us through mythology and sacred scriptures often tell us otherwise. Warring siblings are embedded deeply in history, religion, and literature: Girard lists Cain and Abel, Jacob and Esau, Eteocles and Polyneices, Romulus and Remus, Richard the Lionheart and John Lackland as just a few examples of the (...)
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  41.  4
    Barbara U. Archer & Robert R. Margolin (1970). Arousal Effects in Intentional Recall and Forgetting. Journal of Experimental Psychology 86 (1):8.
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  42.  4
    Marc Vervel, Pierpaolo Pasolini, Giovanni Bonfanti, James Hanlon, Rob Klug, Gédéon Naudet, Jules Naudet, Jean-Michel Meurice, Dylan Avery, Pierre Carles, Georges Minangoy & Barbet Schroeder (2008). Des documentaires sur le terrorisme. Rue Descartes 4 (4):116-118.
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  43.  4
    Albert Erlebacher & E. James Archer (1961). Perseveration as a Function of Degree of Learning and Percentage of Reinforcement in Card Sorting. Journal of Experimental Psychology 62 (5):510.
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  44.  7
    Dawn Archer, Christopher Williams & Paul Fryer (2013). Introduction: A Linguistic/Discursive Space for All?: Perspectives on Minority Languages and Identity Across Europe. Pragmatics and Society 4 (2):127-136.
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  45.  7
    Joshua Avery (2013). Falstaff's Conscience and Protestant Thought in Shakespeare's Second Henriad. Renascence 65 (2):79-90.
    Building on previous speculations on the theological meaning Shakespeare intends with Falstaff, this essay argues that the character dramatizes the apprehension that tends to accompany a Protestant soteriology. Falstaff’s teasing Bardolph about his spiritual destiny bespeaks fright about himself, with the invoked memento mori calling attention to the unavailability of comforting ideas such as purgatory and self-determined repentance. Similarly, Falstaff’s forays into military impressment figure the incomprehensible nature of divine election, from a Protestant view. Through Falstaff, Shakespeare is not offering (...)
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  46.  11
    Jon Avery (1993). Three Types of American Neo-Pragmatism. Journal of Philosophical Research 18:1-13.
    The issue of this paper is the extent to which historicism excludes metaphysics in the contemporary revival of American philosophical pragmatism. I have isolated three types of neo-pragmatism: philosophical, theological, and religious. My theisis is that religious pragmatism is a dialectical compromise between theological pragmatism and philosophical pragmatism. William Dean is correct that Rorty’s commitment to human solidarity implies a metaphysics, for human solidarity is valuable only because natural reality is so harsh. Jeffrey Stout, though, is correct that theistic naturalism (...)
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  47.  6
    Dawn Archer & Christopher Williams (2013). Constructing a Shared History, Space and Destiny: The Childrens readerUdmurtia Forever with Russia. Pragmatics and Society 4 (2):200-220.
    The children’s reader, Udmurtiia naveki s Rossiei, celebrates the “450th anniversary of the voluntary entry of Udmurtia into the Russian State structure”. Published in Russian, one of its aims is to familiarize young children (aged 10 and under) with “key events” in Udmurt-Russian relations leading up to the inclusion of Udmurt-inhabited areas in the Russian Empire; emphasizing throughout the absence of inter-ethnic conflict in a “multi-ethnic Udmurtia”. Drawing on history, corpus linguistics and Critical Discourse Analysis, we show how the official (...)
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  48.  3
    Benton J. Underwood & E. James Archer (1955). Studies of Distributed Practice: XIV. Intralist Similarity and Presentation Rate in Verbal-Discrimination Learning of Consonant Syllables. Journal of Experimental Psychology 50 (2):120.
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  49.  3
    E. James Archer & Benton J. Underwood (1951). Retroactive Inhibition of Verbal Associations as a Multiple Function of Temporal Point of Interpolation and Degree of Interpolated Learning. Journal of Experimental Psychology 42 (5):283.
  50.  3
    Jon Avery (1995). The Minimalist Vision of Transcendence. Newsletter of the Society for the Advancement of American Philosophy 23 (71):32-33.
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