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Adrian M. S. Piper [21]Adrian Piper [16]
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  1. Adrian Piper, Ten Commandments of Philosophical Writing.
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  2. Adrian Piper, On Wearing Three Hats.
    These remarks were originally delivered at a symposium at Brandeis University on multi-talented women in March 1996.1 The organizers and audience of the symposium posed certain questions of the participants, and we did our best to answer them. I mention this at the outset because the questions were in some ways like the polite query, »How are you?« and the following remarks like a certain kind of answer to that query. Under some circumstances »How are you?« can elicit a sudden (...)
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  3. Adrian Piper, Rationality and the Structure of the Self.
    Thank you for your kind and encouraging message. Separately and consecutively it is, if absolutely necessary. Please feel free to ignore the kicking and screaming noises. I am just so very certain that this strategy is going to lose that very large potential art audience (even if there's no longer a CUP Art catalogue, there's sure to remain its mailing list, and I had many years ago designed a promotional flyer for RSS that it could distribute).
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  4. Adrian M. S. Piper, Volume II: A Kantian Conception.
    I require of a critique of pure practical reason that when it is completed, we must be able to show its unity with the speculative in a common principle, because in the end there can be only one and the same reason, which must be differentiated solely in its application. [G, Ak.391].
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  5. Adrian Piper, Kant's Intelligible Standpoint on Action.
    This essay attempts to render intelligible (you will pardon the pun) Kant's peculiar claims about the intelligible at A 539/B 567 – A 541/B 569 in the first Critique, in which he asserts that (1) ... [t]his acting subject would now, in conformity with his intelligible character, stand under no temporal conditions, because time is only a condition of appearances, but not of things in themselves. In him no action would begin or cease. Consequently it would not be subjected to (...)
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  6. Adrian Piper, On Becoming a Warrior.
    For most of my adult life I have worked two full-time jobs, because choosing between them is not an option for me. In my day job I am a philosophy professor, and I moonlight as an artist. The two fields are very different. Academic philosophers teach, do research, serve on committees, and give talks. Artists who teach do all this, and also produce, document, market, exhibit, and sell their work. But the two jobs are alike in that the more success (...)
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  7. Adrian Piper, The Rationality of Military Service (1981).
    The aim of this discussion is twofold.* First, I shall scrutinize certain prevailing rationales for enlisting for military service and show that these justifications are inadequate to meet the military’s recruiting needs. Larger numbers of enlistees who are fully equipped, both in technical skills and morale, for combat readiness are in great demand, but the arguments used to recruit potential enlistees are self-defeating. I shall show how and why they attract volunteers who are rendered singularly unfit to meet these demands (...)
     
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  8. Adrian Piper, Was Amerikaner Von den Deutschen Lernen Können.
    Seit kurzem wird des öfteren in Deutschland die Ansicht geäußert, Deutschland solle nun seine fremdenfeindliche Vergangenheit im Zweiten Weltkrieg endlich hinter sich lassen und von nun ab als >>normalisiertes<< Land der Zukunft gegenübertreten. Diese Meinung entsteht aus der Voraussetzung, daß Deutschland durch seine Geschichte von Xenophobie und Genozid im Zweiten Weltkrieg als abnormal, als ungewöhnlich gekennzeichnet ist. Aber das ist nicht wahr. Deutschlands blutige Geschichte ist mit derjenigen der Vereinigten Staaten, Großbritanniens, der Niederlande, Rußlands, Chinas, Japans, der Türkei, Vietnams, Kambodschas, (...)
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  9. Adrian Piper, Was Amerikaner Von den Deutschen Lernen Können (2003).
    Seit kurzem wird des öfteren in Deutschland die Ansicht geäußert, Deutschland solle nun seine fremdenfeindliche Vergangenheit im Zweiten Weltkrieg endlich hinter sich lassen und von nun ab als >>normalisiertes<< Land der Zukunft gegenübertreten. Diese Meinung entsteht aus der Voraussetzung, daß Deutschland durch seine Geschichte von Xenophobie und Genozid im Zweiten Weltkrieg als abnormal, als ungewöhnlich gekennzeichnet ist. Aber das ist nicht wahr. Deutschlands blutige Geschichte ist mit derjenigen der Vereinigten Staaten, Großbritanniens, der Niederlande, Rußlands, Chinas, Japans, der Türkei, Vietnams, Kambodschas, (...)
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  10. Adrian M. S. Piper, Kant on the Objectivity of the Moral Law (1994).
    In 1951 John Rawls expressed these convictions about the fundamental issues in metaethics: [T]he objectivity or the subjectivity of moral knowledge turns, not on the question whether ideal value entities exist or whether moral judgments are caused by emotions or whether there is a variety of moral codes the world over, but simply on the question: does there exist a reasonable method for validating and invalidating given or proposed moral rules and those decisions made on the basis of them? For (...)
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  11. Adrian M. S. Piper, The Money Pump Is Necessarily Diachronic. Adrian Piper Research Archive Foundation Berlin/Philosophy.
    In “The Irrelevance of the Diachronic Money-Pump Argument for Acyclicity,” The Journal of Philosophy CX, 8 (August 2013), 460-464, Johan E. Gustafsson contends that if Davidson, McKinsey and Suppes’ diachronic money-pump argument in their "Outlines of a Formal Theory of Value, I," Philosophy of Science 22 (1955), 140-160 is valid, so is the synchronic argument Gustafsson himself offers. He concludes that the latter renders irrelevant diachronic choice considerations in general, and the two best-known diachronic solutions to the money pump problem (...)
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  12. Adrian M. S. Piper (2013). Practical Action – First Critique Foundations. In Margit Ruffing, Claudio La Rocca, Alfredo Ferrarin & Stefano Bacin (eds.), Kant Und Die Philosophie in Weltbürgerlicher Absicht: Akten des Xi. Kant-Kongresses 2010. De Gruyter 495-538.
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  13. Adrian M. S. Piper (2012). Kant's Two Solutions to the Free Rider Problem. Kant Yearbook 4 (1).
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  14. Adrian Piper (2009). Intuition and Concrete Particularity in Kant's Transcendental Aesthetic. In Francis Halsall, Julia Jansen & Tony O'Connor (eds.), Rediscovering Aesthetics: Transdisciplinary Voices From Art History, Philosophy, and Art Practice. Stanford University Press
    By transcendental aesthetic, Kant means “the science of all principles of a priori sensibility” (A 21/B 35). 1 These, he argues, are the laws that properly direct our judgments of taste (B 35 – 36 fn.), i.e. our aesthetic judgments as we ordinarily understand that notion in the context of contemporary art. Thus the first part of the Critique of Pure Reason, entitled the Transcendental Aesthetic, enumerates the necessary presuppositions of, among other things, our ability to make empirical judgments about (...)
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  15. Adrian M. S. Piper (2009). Intuition and Concrete Particularity in Kant's Transcendental Aesthetic. In Francis Halsall, Julia Jansen & Tony O'Connor (eds.), Rediscovering Aesthetics: Transdisciplinary Voices From Art History, Philosophy, and Art Practice. Stanford University Press
    By transcendental aesthetic, Kant means “the science of all principles of a priori sensibility” (A 21/B 35). These, he argues, are the laws that properly direct our judgments of taste (B 35 – 36 fn.), i.e. our aesthetic judgments as we ordinarily understand that notion in the context of contemporary art. Thus the first part of the Critique of Pure Reason, entitled the Transcendental Aesthetic, enumerates the necessary presuppositions of, among other things, our ability to make empirical judgments about particular (...)
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  16. Adrian M. S. Piper (2008). Rationality and the Structure of the Self, Volume I: The Humean Conception. APRA Foundation Berlin.
    The Humean conception of the self consists in the belief-desire model of motivation and the utility-maximizing model of rationality. This conception has dominated Western thought in philosophy and the social sciences ever since Hobbes’ initial formulation in Leviathan and Hume’s elaboration in the Treatise of Human Nature. Bentham, Freud, Ramsey, Skinner, Allais, von Neumann and Morgenstern and others have added further refinements that have brought it to a high degree of formal sophistication. Late twentieth century moral philosophers such as Rawls, (...)
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  17. Sue Weinberg, Joshua Cohen, Adrian M. S. Piper, Linda Nicholson & Alison Jaggar (2001). Marcia Lind, 1951-2000. Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 75 (2):118 - 121.
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  18. Adrian Piper (2000). Two Kinds of Discrimination. In Bernard Boxill (ed.), Race and Racism. OUP Oxford
     
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  19. Adrian Piper (1998). Out of Order, Out of Sight. Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 56 (4):405-406.
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  20. Adrian M. S. Piper (1996). Making Sense of Value. Ethics 106 (3):525-537.
    A book review of Elizabeth Anderson, Value in Ethics and Economics (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1993). I will pass over her compelling critiques of cost-benefit analysis, rational desire theory, and "consequentialist" moral theories, among many topics she dispatches successfully, with fierce intelligence and wit. Instead I want to focus on the central justificatory strategy that underpins her defense of her pluralist, nonconsequentialist, rational attitude theory of value. Anderson states at the outset that she is not that interested in such (...)
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  21. Adrian M. S. Piper (1993). Xenophobia and Kantian Rationalism. Philosophical Forum 24 (1-3):188-232.
  22. John D. Sommer, Ed Casey, Mary C. Rawlinson, Eva Kittay, Michael A. Simon, Patrick Grim, Clyde Lee Miller, Rita Nolan, Marshall Spector, Don Ihde, Peter Williams, Anthony Weston, Donn Welton, Dick Howard, David A. Dilworth, Tom Foster Digby 3d, Anthony Appiah, David Auerbach, Annette Baier, Seyla Benhabib, Akeel Bilgrami, Richard Boyd, Robert Brandon, Joshua Cohen, Arnold Davidson, Owen Flanagan, Nancy Fraser, Marcia Lind, Alexander Nehamas, Linda Nicholson, Adrian Piper, Lynne Tirrell, Lawrence Blum, Lawrence Foster, Roma Farion, Mitchel Silver, Jenifer Radden, Jack Bayne, Robert K. Shope, Jane Roland Martin, Arthur B. Millman, Beebe Nelson, Robert Rosenfeld, Janet Farrell-Smith, David E. Flesche, Daniel E. Anderson, J. R. Brown, F. Cunningham, D. Goldstick, I. Hacking, C. Normore, A. Ripstein, W. Sumner, Alison M. Jaggar, Harry Deutsch, Irving Stein, John Hund, George Englebretsen, Fred Strohm, D. L. Ouren, P. Bilimoria, F. B. D. & Nora Nevin (1993). Letters to the Editor. Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 66 (5):97 - 112.
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  23. Adrian Piper (1992). Passing for White, Passing for Black. Transitions.
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  24. Adrian M. S. Piper (1991). Impartiality, Compassion, and Modal Imagination. Ethics 101 (4):726-757.
    We need modal imagination in order to extend our conception of reality - and, in particular, of human beings - beyond our immediate experience in the indexical present; and we need to do this in order to preserve the significance of human interaction. To make this leap of imagination successfully is to achieve not only insight but also an impartial perspective on our own and others' inner states. This perspective is a necessary condition of experiencing compassion for others. This is (...)
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  25. Adrian M. S. Piper (1991). “Seeing Things”. Southern Journal of Philosophy 29 (S1):29-60.
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  26. Adrian Piper (1988). Pseudorationality. In Brian P. McLaughlin & Amelie O. Rorty (eds.), Perspectives on Self-Deception. University of California Press 173--197.
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  27. Adrian M. S. Piper (1988). Hume on Rational Final Ends. Philosophy Research Archives 14:193-228.
    Historically, the view, prevalent in contemporary economics and decision theory as well as philosophy, that rational action consists simply in satisfying one’s desires, whatever they may be, as efficiently as possible, is to be found first in Book II of Hume’s Treatise of Human Nature. This view has counterintuitive and self-refuting implications, in that it recognizes as rational behavior that may reveal a clear degree of irresponsibility or psychological instability. Accordingly, many Hume scholars have tried to show recently that this (...)
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  28. Adrian M. S. Piper (1987). Moral Theory and Moral Alienation. Journal of Philosophy 84 (2):102-118.
    Most moral theories share certain features in common with other theories. They consist of a set of propositions that are universal, general, and hence impartial. The propositions that constitute a typical moral theory are (1) universal, in that they apply to all subjects designated as within their scope. They are (2) general, in that they include no proper names or definite descriptions. They are therefore (3) impartial, in that they accord no special privilege to any particular agent's situation which cannot (...)
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  29. Adrian M. S. Piper (1987). Personal Continuity and Instrumental Rationality in Rawls' Theory of Justice. Social Theory and Practice 13 (1):49-76.
    I want to examine the implications of a metaphysical thesis which is presupposed in various objections to Rawls' theory of justice.Although their criticisms differ in many respects, they concur in employing what I shall refer to as the continuity thesis. This consists of the following claims conjointly: (1) The parties in the original position (henceforth the OP) are, and know themselves to be, fully mature persons who will be among the members of the well-ordered society (henceforth the WOS) which is (...)
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  30. Adrian M. S. Piper (1986). Goods and Virtues by Michael Slote. Journal of Philosophy 83 (8):468-473.
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  31. Adrian M. S. Piper (1986). Instrumentalism, Objectivity, and Moral Justification. American Philosophical Quarterly 23 (4):373 - 381.
    I want to examine critically a certain strategy of moral justification which I shall call instrumentalism. By this I mean the view that a moral theory is rationally justified if the actions, life-plan, or set of social arrangements it prescribes can be shown to be the best means to the achievement of an agent's final ends, whatever these may be. Instrumentalism presupposes a commitment to what I shall call the Humean conception of the self. By this I mean a certain (...)
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  32. Adrian Piper (1985). Two Conceptions of the Self. Philosophical Studies 48 (2):173 - 197.
    The Humean conception of the self prevalent in the contemporary literature in moral and political philosophy, philosophy of mind, and action theory has yielded a persuasive model of human action that has contributed considerably to our understanding of moral motivation, rational action, and many other issues. But it has also generated certain problems. I should like to take issue with this conception, first by describing it in some detail and charting its connection with two such interrelated problems in moral psychology. (...)
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  33. Adrian M. S. Piper (1985). Critical Hegemony and Aesthetic Acculturation. Noûs 19 (1):29-40.
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  34. Adrian M. S. Piper (1982). A Distinction Without a Difference. Midwest Studies in Philosophy 7 (1):403-435.
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  35. Adrian Piper (1980). Property and the Limits of the Self. Political Theory 8 (1):39 - 64.
    THE MAIN OBJECTIVES of the following discussions are, first, to show the logical inconsistency of Hegel’s theory of the necessity of private property and, second, to show its exegetical inconsistency with the most plausible and consistent interpretations of Hegel’s theory of the self and its relation to the state in Ethical Life. I begin with the latter objective, by distinguishing three basic conceptions of the self that can be gleaned from various passages in the Philosophy of Right. I suggest viable (...)
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  36. Adrian M. S. Piper (1980). Property and the Limits of the Self. Political Theory 8 (1):39-64.
    THE MAIN OBJECTIVES of the following discussions are, first, to show the logical inconsistency of Hegel’s theory of the necessity of private property and, second, to show its exegetical inconsistency with the most plausible and consistent interpretations of Hegel’s theory of the self and its relation to the state in Ethical Life. I begin with the latter objective, by distinguishing three basic conceptions of the self that can be gleaned from various passages in the Philosophy of Right. I suggest viable (...)
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  37. Adrian M. S. Piper (1978). Utility, Publicity, and Manipulation. Ethics 88 (3):189-206.
    In our dealings with young children, we often get them to do or think things by arranging their environments in certain ways; by dissembling, simplifying, or ambiguating the facts in answer to their queries; by carefully selecting the states of affairs, behavior of others, and utterances to which they shall be privy. We rightly justify these practices by pointing out a child's malleability, and the necessity of paying close attention to formative influences during its years of growth. This filtering of (...)
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