Search results for 'Affordance' (try it on Scholar)

108 found
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  1.  42
    Maria Brincker (2015). Beyond Sensorimotor Segregation: On Mirror Neurons and Social Affordance Space Tracking. Cognitive Systems Research 34:18-34.
    Mirror neuron research has come a long way since the early 1990s, and many theorists are now stressing the heterogeneity and complexity of the sensorimotor properties of fronto-parietal circuits. However, core aspects of the initial ‘ mirror mechanism ’ theory, i.e. the idea of a symmetric encapsulated mirroring function translating sensory action perceptions into motor formats, still appears to be shaping much of the debate. This article challenges the empirical plausibility of the sensorimotor segregation implicit in the original mirror metaphor. (...)
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  2. Jiajie Zhang & Vimla L. Patel (2006). Distributed Cognition, Representation, and Affordance. Pragmatics and Cognition 14 (2):333-341.
    This article describes a representation-based framework of distributed cognition. This framework considers distributed cognition as a cognitive system whose structures and processes are distributed between internal and external representations, across a group of individuals, and across space and time. The major issue for distributed research, under this framework, are the distribution, transformation, and propagation of information across the components of the distributed cognitive system and how they affect the performance of the system as a whole. To demonstrate the value of (...)
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  3.  43
    Silvano Zipoli Caiani (2014). Extending the Notion of Affordance. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 13 (2):275-293.
    Post-Gibson attempts to set out a definition of affordance generally agree that this notion can be understood as a property of the environment with salience for an organism’s behavior. According to this view, some scholars advocate the idea that affordances are dispositional properties of physical objects that, given suitable circumstances, necessarily actualize related actions. This paper aims at assessing this statement in light of a theory of affordance perception. After years of discontinuity between strands of empirical and theoretical (...)
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  4.  12
    Silvano Zipoli Caiani (2014). Extending the Notion of Affordance. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 13 (2):275-293.
    Post-Gibson attempts to set out a definition of affordance generally agree that this notion can be understood as a property of the environment with salience for an organism’s behavior. According to this view, some scholars advocate the idea that affordances are dispositional properties of physical objects that, given suitable circumstances, necessarily actualize related actions. This paper aims at assessing this statement in light of a theory of affordance perception. After years of discontinuity between strands of empirical and theoretical (...)
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  5.  6
    Vincent Blok (2015). The Human Glance, the Experience of Environmental Distress and the “Affordance” of Nature: Toward a Phenomenology of the Ecological Crisis. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 28 (5):925-938.
    The problem we face today is that there is a huge gap between our ethical judgments about the ecological crisis on the one hand and our ethical behavior according to these judgments on the other. In this article, we ask to what extent a phenomenology of the ecological crisis enables us to bridge this gap and display more ethical or pro-environmental behavior. To answer this question, our point of departure is the affordance theory of the American psychologist and founding (...)
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  6.  20
    Mark Reybrouck (2012). Musical Sense-Making and the Concept of Affordance: An Ecosemiotic and Experiential Approach. Biosemiotics 5 (3):391-409.
    This article is interdisciplinary in its claims. Evolving around the ecological concept of affordance, it brings together pragmatics and ecological psychology. Starting from the theoretical writings of Peirce, Dewey and James, the biosemiotic claims of von Uexküll, Gibson’s ecological approach to perception and some empirical evidence from recent neurobiological research, it elaborates on the concepts of experiential and enactive cognition as applied to music. In order to provide an operational description of this approach, it introduces some conceptual tools from (...)
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  7. Thomas Natsoulas (2004). To See Things is to Perceive What They Afford: James J. Gibson's Concept of Affordance. Journal of Mind and Behavior 25 (4):323-347.
    Gibson distinguishes among the properties of environmental things their affordances, which he identifies in terms of that which a thing offers an animal for good or ill. In large part, this article considers his conception of environmental affordances and visually perceiving them, with special attention to the concept of affordance that he exercises in the presentation of his conception. Particular emphasis is placed here on the distinction between the affordance properties of things themselves, and what it is that (...)
     
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  8.  19
    Huang Xiang (2013). Does Conditional Affordance Imply Representational Non-Conceptual Content? Frontiers of Philosophy in China 8 (3):485-497.
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  9.  68
    Sanneke de Haan, Erik Rietveld, Martin Stokhof & Damiaan Denys (2013). The Phenomenology of Deep Brain Stimulation-Induced Changes in Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder Patients: An Enactive Affordance-Based Model. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7:1-14.
    People suffering from Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) do things they do not want to do, and/or they think things they do not want to think. In about 10 percent of OCD patients, none of the available treatment options is effective. A small group of these patients is currently being treated with deep brain stimulation (DBS). Deep brain stimulation involves the implantation of electrodes in the brain. These electrodes give a continuous electrical pulse to the brain area in which they are implanted. (...)
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  10.  30
    Adrian Alsmith (2012). The Concept of a Structural Affordance. Avant: Trends in Interdisciplinary Studies 3 (2):94-107.
    I provide an analysis of the concept of an “affordance” that enables one to conceive of “structural affordance” as a kind of affordance relation that might hold between an agent and its body. I then review research in the science of humanoid bodily movement to indicate the empirical reality of structural affordance.
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  11.  1
    Payam Moula & Per Sandin (2015). The Human Glance, the Experience of Environmental Distress and the “Affordance” of Nature: Toward a Phenomenology of the Ecological Crisis. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 28 (5):925-938.
    The problem we face today is that there is a huge gap between our ethical judgments about the ecological crisis on the one hand and our ethical behavior according to these judgments on the other. In this article, we ask to what extent a phenomenology of the ecological crisis enables us to bridge this gap and display more ethical or pro-environmental behavior. To answer this question, our point of departure is the affordance theory of the American psychologist and founding (...)
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  12.  26
    Arthur M. Glenberg, Monica R. Cowart & Michael P. Kaschak (2001). An Affordance Field for Guiding Movement and Cognition. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (1):43-44.
    An embodied movement-planning field cannot account for behavior and cognition more abstract than that of reaching. Instead, we propose an affordance field, and we sketch how it could enhance the analysis of the A-not-B error, underlie cognition, and serve as a base for language. Admittedly, a dynamic systems account of an affordance field awaits significant further development.
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  13.  24
    Michael Hammond, What is an Affordance and Can It Help Us Understand the Use of ICT in Education?
    This paper revisits the concept of affordance and explores its contribution to an understanding of the use of ICT for teaching and learning. It looks at Gibson‟s original idea of affordance and at some of the difficulties long associated with the use of the word. It goes on to describe the translation of the concept of affordance into the field of design through the work, in particular, of Norman. The concept has since been translated into research concerning (...)
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  14.  13
    Anna Estany & Sergio Martínez (2013). “Scaffolding” and “Affordance” as Integrative Concepts in the Cognitive Sciences. Philosophical Psychology 27 (1):1-14.
    There are (at least) two ways to think of the differences in basic concepts and typologies that one can find in the different scientific practices that constitute a research tradition. One is the fundamentalist view: the fewer the better. The other is a non-fundamentalist view of science whereby the integration of different concepts into the right abstraction grounds an explanation that is not grounded as the sum of the explanations supported by the parts. Integrative concepts are often associated with idealizations (...)
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  15.  16
    Albert Postma, Rob van der Lubbe & Sander Zuidhoek (2001). The Ventral Stream Offers More Affordance and the Dorsal Stream More Memory Than Believed. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (1):115-116.
    Opposed to Norman's proposal, processing of affordance is likely to occur not solely in the dorsal stream but also in the ventral stream. Moreover, the dorsal stream might do more than just serve an important role in motor actions. It supports egocentric location coding as well. As such, it would possess a form of representational memory, contrary to Norman's proposal.
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  16.  14
    Paul J. Treffner (1999). The Common Structure is the Affordance in the Ecology. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (4):731-732.
    Millikan's discussion of substance concepts in terms of their information-gathering role ignores the analyses of information-based perception and action developed within the tradition of ecological psychology. Her introduction and use without definition of key Gibsonian terms such as “affordance” and “direct perception” leaves those of us investigating such concepts uncertain of the extent to which she appreciates their theoretical importance. Due recognition of the realist account of categorical perception developed by J. J. Gibson would provide mutual benefit to modern (...)
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  17. Maria Brincker (2010). Moving Beyond Mirroring - a Social Affordance Model of Sensorimotor Integration During Action Perception. Dissertation, City University of New York
    The discovery of so-called ‘mirror neurons’ - found to respond both to own actions and the observation of similar actions performed by others - has been enormously influential in the cognitive sciences and beyond. Given the self-other symmetry these neurons have been hypothesized as underlying a ‘mirror mechanism’ that lets us share representations and thereby ground core social cognitive functions from intention understanding to linguistic abilities and empathy. I argue that mirror neurons are important for very different reasons. Rather than (...)
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  18. Marianna Ambrosecchia, Barbara F. M. Marino, Luiz G. Gawryszewski & Lucia Riggio (2015). Spatial Stimulus-Response Compatibility and Affordance Effects Are Not Ruled by the Same Mechanisms. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  19. Zheng Jin, Yang Lee & Jin Zhu (2015). Control Your Mind, Make Affordance Available. Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  20. Zissis Pappas (2014). Dissociating Simon and Affordance Compatibility Effects: Silhouettes and Photographs. Cognition 133 (3):716-728.
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  21. Pheng Cheah (2002). Affordance', or Vulnerable Freedom: A Response to Cornell and Murphy's 'Anti-Racism, Multiculturalism and the Ethics of Identification. Philosophy and Social Criticism 28 (4):451-462.
  22.  1
    Giovanni Pezzulo & Paul Cisek (2016). Navigating the Affordance Landscape: Feedback Control as a Process Model of Behavior and Cognition. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 20 (6):414-424.
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  23.  9
    Mike Michael & Arthur Still (1992). A Resource for Resistance: Power-Knowledge and Affordance. [REVIEW] Theory and Society 21 (6):869-888.
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  24.  16
    Ettore Ambrosini, Claudia Scorolli, Anna M. Borghi & Marcello Costantini (2012). Which Body for Embodied Cognition? Affordance and Language Within Actual and Perceived Reaching Space. Consciousness and Cognition 21 (3):1551-1557.
    The mental representation of one’s own body does not necessarily correspond to the physical body. For instance, a dissociation between perceived and actual reach-ability has been shown, that is, individuals perceive that they can reach objects that are out of grasp. We presented participants with 3D pictures of objects located at four different distances, namely near-reaching space, actual-reaching space, perceived-reaching space and non-reaching space. Immediately after they were presented with function, manipulation, observation or pointing verbs and were required to judge (...)
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  25. M. T. Turvey, Kevin Shockley & Claudia Carello (1999). Affordance, Proper Function, and the Physical Basis of Perceived Heaviness. Cognition 73 (2):B17-B26.
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  26.  13
    Donald J. Cunningham (1988). Abduction and Affordance. Semiotics:27-33.
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  27.  14
    Siu L. Chow (1989). An Intentional Analysis of "Affordance" Revisited. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 19 (3):357–365.
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  28.  15
    G. P. Ginsburg (1990). The Ecological Perception Debate: An Affordance of the Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 20 (4):347–364.
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  29.  7
    Donald J. Cunningham (1988). Abduction and Affordance. Semiotics:27-33.
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  30. Jiajie Zhang & Vimla L. Patel (2006). Distributed Cognition, Representation, and Affordance. Pragmatics and Cognitionpragmatics and Cognition 14 (2):333-341.
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  31.  3
    Chris Fields (1989). Affordance Perception and the Y-Magnocellular Pathway. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 12 (3):403.
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  32.  1
    Joseph Bulbulia & Richard Sosis (2009). Ideology as Cooperative Affordance. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 32 (6):515-516.
    McKay & Dennett (M&D) observe that beliefs need not be true in order to evolve. We connect this insight with Schelling's work on cooperative commitment to suggest that some beliefs are best approached as social goals. We explain why a social-interactive perspective is important to explaining the dynamics of belief formation and revision among situated partners.
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  33. Patric Bach, Toby Nicholson & Matthew Hudson (2015). Response: No Need to Match: A Comment on Bach, Nicholson, and Hudson's “Affordance-Matching Hypothesis”. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
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  34. Henry S. Harrison, Michael T. Turvey & Till D. Frank (2016). Affordance-Based Perception-Action Dynamics: A Model of Visually Guided Braking. Psychological Review 123 (3):305-323.
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  35. Ian McGregor, Joseph Hayes & Mike Prentice (2015). Motivation for Aggressive Religious Radicalization: Goal Regulation Theory and a Personality × Threat × Affordance Hypothesis. Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  36. Wulff Melanie, Humphreys Glyn & Rotshtein Pia (2015). Distinct Neuronal Effects of Perspective and Hand Grip on Paired-Object Affordance: An fMRI Study. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
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  37. Laura Menatti & Antonio Casado da Rocha (2016). Landscape and Health: Connecting Psychology, Aesthetics, and Philosophy Through the Concept of Affordance. Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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  38. François Osiurak & Arnaud Badets (forthcoming). Tool Use and Affordance: Manipulation-Based Versus Reasoning-Based Approaches. Psychological Review.
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  39. Jennifer Randerath & Scott H. Frey (2016). Diagnostics and Training of Affordance Perception in Healthy Young Adults—Implications for Post-Stroke Neurorehabilitation. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
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  40. Elisabeth Rounis & Glyn Humphreys (2015). Limb Apraxia and the “Affordance Competition Hypothesis”. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
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  41. Anthony Sinclair (2000). Constellations of Knowledge: Human Agency and Material Affordance in Lithic Technology. In Marcia-Anne Dobres & John E. Robb (eds.), Agency in Archaeology. Routledge 196--212.
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  42. P. J. Treffner (1999). The Common Structure of Concepts is the Affordance in the Ecology. Commentary on Ruth Millikan's “A Common Structure of Individuals, Stuffs, and Real Kinds.”. [REVIEW] Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22:729-733.
     
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  43. Melanie Wulff & Glyn W. Humphreys (2015). Effects of Broken Affordance on Visual Extinction. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
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  44. Joel Krueger (2011). Doing Things with Music. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 10 (1):1-22.
    This paper is an exploration of how we do things with music—that is, the way that we use music as an esthetic technology to enact micro-practices of emotion regulation, communicative expression, identity construction, and interpersonal coordination that drive core aspects of our emotional and social existence. The main thesis is: from birth, music is directly perceived as an affordance-laden structure. Music, I argue, affords a sonic world, an exploratory space or nested acoustic environment that further affords possibilities for, among (...)
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  45.  66
    David Kirsh (2005). Metacognition, Distributed Cognition and Visual Design. In Peter Gardenfors, Petter Johansson & N. J. Mahwah (eds.), Cognition, education, and communication technology. Erlbaum Associates 147--180.
    Metacognition is associated with planning, monitoring, evaluating and repairing performance Designers of elearning systems can improve the quality of their environments by explicitly structuring the visual and interactive display of learning contexts to facilitate metacognition. Typically page layout, navigational appearance, visual and interactivity design are not viewed as major factors in metacognition. This is because metacognition tends to be interpreted as a process in the head, rather than an interactive one. It is argued here, that cognition and metacognition are part (...)
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  46.  35
    Adrian J. T. Smith (2009). Acting on (Bodily) Experience. Psyche 15 (1):82 - 99.
    The complexities of bodily experience are outlined; its spatial phenomenology is specified as the explanatory target. The mereological structure of body representation is discussed; it is claimed that global spatial representations of the body are not necessary, as structural features of the actual body can be exploited in partial internal representation. The spatial structure of bodily experience is discussed; a structural affordance theory is introduced; it is claimed that bodily experience and subpersonal representation have action-orientated content; and that egocentric (...)
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  47.  9
    John Weckert (2010). Comments on “Trust and New Communication Technologies: Vicious Circles, Virtuous Circles, Possible Futures”. [REVIEW] Knowledge, Technology and Policy 23 (3-4):307-309.
    These comments claim that a shift has occurred between early discussions of online trust, where the focus was on the possibility of such trust and later ones, such as Ess’s, where the concern is more with the influence of the new communication technologies on trust in general. The comments, then, focus on affordance as examined by Ess, arguing that it is, indeed, a central issue in new communications and trust.
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  48. Ioannis Xenakis & Argyris Arnellos (2014). Aesthetic Perception and its Minimal Content: A Naturalistic Perspective. Frontiers in Psychology 5 (1038).
    Aesthetic perception is one of the most interesting topics for philosophers and scientists who investigate how it influences our interactions with objects and states of affairs. Over the last few years, several studies have attempted to determine “how aesthetics is represented in an object,” and how a specific feature of an object could evoke the respective feelings during perception. Despite the vast number of approaches and models, we believe that these explanations do not resolve the problem concerning the conditions under (...)
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  49.  2
    Gary W. Strong & Bruce A. Whitehead (1989). A Solution to the Tag-Assignment Problem for Neural Networks. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 12 (3):381.
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  50.  22
    Kerry L. Marsh, Michael J. Richardson & R. C. Schmidt (2009). Social Connection Through Joint Action and Interpersonal Coordination. Topics in Cognitive Science 1 (2):320-339.
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