Search results for 'Alan Blair' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  30
    Toby Ord & Alan Blair, Exploitation and Peacekeeping: Introducing More Sophisticated Interactions to the Iterated Prisoner's Dilemma.
    – We present a new paradigm extending the Iterated Prisoner's Dilemma to multiple players. Our model is unique in granting players information about past interactions between all pairs of players – allowing for much more sophisticated social behaviour. We provide an overview of preliminary results and discuss the implications in terms of the evolutionary dynamics of strategies.
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  2. Conway Zirkle (1953). Carl LinnœusKnut Hagberg Alan Blair. Isis 44 (3):288-289.
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  3. Jean A. Truax (1993). John Blair, Early Medieval Surrey: Landholding, Church and Settlement Before 1300. Wolfeboro Falls, NH: Alan Sutton, 1991. Paper. Pp. X, 226; 47 Black-and-White Illustrations. $50. [REVIEW] Speculum 68 (4):1069-1071.
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  4.  19
    G. S. Voss (2013). 'It is a Beautiful Experiment': Queer(y)Ing the Work of Alan Turing. AI and Society 28 (4):567-573.
    Alan Turing is known for both his mathematical creativity and genius and role in cryptography war efforts, and for his homosexuality, for which he was persecuted. Yet there is little work that brings these two parts of his life together. This paper deconstructs and moves beyond the extant stereotypes around perceived associations between gay men and creativity, to consider how Turing’s lived experience as a queer mathematician provides a rich seam of insight into the ways in which his life, (...)
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  5.  12
    Gabriel Andrade (2004). Alan Macfarlane: Entre El Mundo Moderno y la Sociedad Tradicional. Utopía y Praxis Latinoamericana 9 (26):113-118.
    In this in ter view, the pres ti gious an thro - pol o gist, his to rian and T.V. anaouncer, Alan Macfarlane com ments on some of the is sues that have been ad dressed in his writ ings. His main the o ret i cal con cern has been to study the pe cu - liar con di tions that gave rise to the mod e..
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  6.  8
    M. I. Marsh (2011). Alan Ware, The Dynamics of Two Party Politics (Oxford University Press, 2009). Japanese Journal of Political Science 12 (3):421-425.
    This small book packs a considerable theoretical and practical punch. Alan Ware challenges much received wisdom about the dynamics of two party politics. In the process, he adds considerably to contemporary discussion of the intersection of structure and agency in the development and adaptation of political systems. Ware picks out two party systems for concentrated attention because of their relative tractability – in his words: ‘these systems are ideal for analysing the capacity of parties to pursue their interests in (...)
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  7.  4
    Luís F. S. Nascimento (2011). A figura de Voltaire – Hugh Blair e a arte de escrever história. Doispontos 8 (1).
    O presente texto procura entender as razões que levaram o filósofo e crítico escocês Hugh Blair a tomar Voltaire como um modelo para o historiador moderno. Inicia-se o estudo com uma breve exposição de alguns elementos da concepção de história no pensamento voltairiano e então se passa à consideração que o autor britânico faz deles. The present text aims to understand the reasons that took the Scottish philosopher and critic Hugh Blair to take Voltaire as a model to (...)
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  8.  2
    Edward Arnold (2005). Le discours de Tony Blair (1997-2004). Corpus 4.
    Ce papier présente le corpus des discours du Premier ministre anglais (Tony Blair) prononcés de 1997 à 2004. Avant d'être intégrés dans le corpus, les textes sont corrigés, les graphies sont standardisées. On montre que ce corpus ouvre de nombreuses pistes de recherches. Deux exemples sont donnés : les principales ruptures thématiques et stylistiques permettent de repérer deux grandes périodes dans ces huit années ; on caractérise la richesse du vocabulaire de T. Blair à l'aide des notions de (...)
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  9.  28
    Alan Chalmers (2006). Why Alan Musgrave Should Become an Essentialist. In Colin Cheyne & John Worrall (eds.), Rationality and Reality: Conversations with Alan Musgrave. Springer 165--181.
  10.  8
    Alan Keightley (2012). Alan Watts: The Immediate Magic of God. In Peter J. Columbus & Donadrian L. Rice (eds.), Alan Watts--Here and Now: Contributions to Psychology, Philosophy, and Religion. State University of New York Press 43.
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  11.  5
    Alan Pope (2012). Contributions and Conundrums in the Psychospiritual Transformation of Alan Watts. In Peter J. Columbus & Donadrian L. Rice (eds.), Alan Watts--Here and Now: Contributions to Psychology, Philosophy, and Religion. State University of New York Press 183.
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  12.  55
    Alan Donagan (1994). The Philosophical Papers of Alan Donagan. University of Chicago Press.
    A major voice in late twentieth-century philosophy, Alan Donagan is distinguished for his theories on the history of philosophy and the nature of morality. The Philosophical Papers of Alan Donagan, volumes 1 and 2, collect 28 of Donagan's most important and best-known essays on historical understanding and ethics from 1957 to 1991. Volume 2 addresses issues in the philosophy of action and moral theory. With papers on Kant, von Wright, Sellars, and Chisholm, this volume also covers a range (...)
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  13. Eileen C. Sweeney (2013). Alan of Lille. In Karla Pollmann & Willemien Otten (eds.), Oxford Guide to the Historical Reception of Augustine. Oxford University Press 12-14.
  14. D. G. Wells (2000). Tony Blair Making Labour Liberal. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
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  15.  28
    Brian Berkey (2015). Double Counting, Moral Rigorism, and Cohen’s Critique of Rawls: A Response to Alan Thomas. Mind 124 (495):849-874.
    In a recent article in this journal, Alan Thomas presents a novel defence of what I call ‘Rawlsian Institutionalism about Justice’ against G. A. Cohen’s well-known critique. In this response I aim to defend Cohen’s rejection of Institutionalism against Thomas’s arguments. In part this defence requires clarifying precisely what is at issue between Institutionalists and their opponents. My primary focus, however, is on Thomas’s critical discussion of Cohen’s endorsement of an ethical prerogative, as well as his appeal to the (...)
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  16. Alan Beaton (1996). We Are at Something of a Loss to Explain Our Observations and Wonder Whether Any Reader Can Enlighten Us. Alan Beaton, Paul Norman, Guy Richardson. In Enrique Villanueva (ed.), Perception. Ridgeview 25--373.
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  17.  36
    Deryck Beyleveld (1991). The Dialectical Necessity of Morality: An Analysis and Defense of Alan Gewirth's Argument to the Principle of Generic Consistency. University of Chicago Press.
    Alan Gewirth's Reason and Morality , in which he set forth the Principle of Generic Consistency, is a major work of modern ethical theory that, though much debated and highly respected, has yet to gain full acceptance. Deryck Beyleveld contends that this resistance stems from misunderstanding of the method and logical operations of Gewirth's central argument. In this book Beyleveld seeks to remedy this deficiency. His rigorous reconstruction of Gewirth's argument gives its various parts their most compelling formulation and (...)
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  18. Gualtiero Piccinini (2003). Alan Turing and the Mathematical Objection. Minds and Machines 13 (1):23-48.
    This paper concerns Alan Turing’s ideas about machines, mathematical methods of proof, and intelligence. By the late 1930s, Kurt Gödel and other logicians, including Turing himself, had shown that no finite set of rules could be used to generate all true mathematical statements. Yet according to Turing, there was no upper bound to the number of mathematical truths provable by intelligent human beings, for they could invent new rules and methods of proof. So, the output of a human mathematician, (...)
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  19. Eduardo de la Fuente (2009). Review Essay: Exemplary Stories: On the Uses of Biography in Recent Sociology Alan Sica and Stephen Turner (Eds) The Disobedient Generation: Social Theorists in the Sixties (University of Chicago, 2005); Mathieu Deflem (Ed.) Sociologists in a Global Age: Biographical Perspectives (Ashgate, 2007); Anthony Elliott and Charles Lemert, The New Individualism: The Emotional Costs of Globalization (Routledge, 2006). [REVIEW] Thesis Eleven 97 (1):115-129.
    Review Essay: Exemplary Stories: On the Uses of Biography in Recent Sociology: Alan Sica and Stephen Turner The Disobedient Generation: Social Theorists in the Sixties ; Mathieu Deflem Sociologists in a Global Age: Biographical Perspectives ; Anthony Elliott and Charles Lemert, The New Individualism: The Emotional Costs of Globalization.
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  20.  3
    William Hasker (2010). Defining ‘Gratuitous Evil’: A Response to Alan R. Rhoda: William Hasker. Religious Studies 46 (3):303-309.
    In his article, ‘Gratuitous evil and divine providence’, Alan Rhoda claims to have produced an uncontroversial theological premise for the evidential argument from evil. I argue that his premise is by no means uncontroversial among theists, and I doubt that any premise can be found that is both uncontroversial and useful for the argument from evil.
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  21.  1
    Alan R. Rhoda (2010). Gratuitous Evil and Divine Providence: ALAN R. RHODA. Religious Studies 46 (3):281-302.
    Discussions of the evidential argument from evil generally pay little attention to how different models of divine providence constrain the theist's options for response. After describing four models of providence and general theistic strategies for engaging the evidential argument, I articulate and defend a definition of ‘gratuitous evil’ that renders the theological premise of the argument uncontroversial for theists. This forces theists to focus their fire on the evidential premise, enabling us to compare models of providence with respect to how (...)
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  22.  11
    Jonathan Quong (2015). Equality, Responsibility, and Culture: A Comment on Alan Patten’s Equal Recognition. Les Ateliers de l'Éthique / the Ethics Forum 10 (2):157-168.
    Jonathan Quong | : Alan Patten presents his account of minority rights as broadly continuous with Ronald Dworkin’s theory of equality of resources. This paper challenges this claim. I argue that, contra Patten, Dworkin’s theory does not provide a basis to offer accommodations or minority rights, as a matter of justice, to some citizens who find themselves at a relative disadvantage in pursuing their plans of life after voluntarily changing their cultural or religious commitments. | : Alan Patten (...)
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  23.  59
    Justin Leiber (2001). Turing and the Fragility and Insubstantiality of Evolutionary Explanations: A Puzzle About the Unity of Alan Turing's Work with Some Larger Implications. Philosophical Psychology 14 (1):83-94.
    As is well known, Alan Turing drew a line, embodied in the "Turing test," between intellectual and physical abilities, and hence between cognitive and natural sciences. Less familiarly, he proposed that one way to produce a "passer" would be to educate a "child machine," equating the experimenter's improvements in the initial structure of the child machine with genetic mutations, while supposing that the experimenter might achieve improvements more expeditiously than natural selection. On the other hand, in his foundational "On (...)
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  24.  55
    William Hasker (2010). Defining 'Gratuitous Evil': A Response to Alan R. Rhoda. Religious Studies 46 (3):303-309.
    In his article, 'Gratuitous evil and divine providence', Alan Rhoda claims to have produced an uncontroversial theological premise for the evidential argument from evil. I argue that his premise is by no means uncontroversial among theists, and I doubt that any premise can be found that is both uncontroversial and useful for the argument from evil.
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  25.  45
    Patrick Lee & Germain Grisez (2012). Total Brain Death: A Reply to Alan Shewmon. Bioethics 26 (5):275-284.
    D. Alan Shewmon has advanced a well-documented challenge to the widely accepted total brain death criterion for death of the human being. We show that Shewmon's argument against this criterion is unsound, though he does refute the standard argument for that criterion. We advance a distinct argument for the total brain death criterion and answer likely objections. Since human beings are rational animals – sentient organisms of a specific type – the loss of the radical capacity for sentience involves (...)
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  26. C. J. Mews (2007). Logic, Theology, and Poetry in Boethius, Abelard, and Alan of Lille: Words in the Absence of Things. Journal of the History of Philosophy 45 (2):327-328.
    C. J. Mews - Logic, Theology, and Poetry in Boethius, Abelard, and Alan of Lille: Words in the Absence of Things - Journal of the History of Philosophy 45:2 Journal of the History of Philosophy 45.2 327-328 Muse Search Journals This Journal Contents Reviewed by Constant J. Mews Monash University Eileen C. Sweeney. Logic, Theology, and Poetry in Boethius, Abelard, and Alan of Lille: Words in the Absence of Things. The New Middle Ages. London: Palgrave MacMillan, 2006. Pp. (...)
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  27.  88
    Ralph Wedgwood (2012). The Nature and Value of Knowledge: Three Investigations, by Duncan Pritchard, Alan Millar, and Adrian Haddock. [REVIEW] Analysis 72 (1):187-189.
    This is a review of "The nature and value of knowlege: Three investigations", by Duncan Pritchard, Alan Millar, and Adrian Haddock (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 2011).
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  28.  92
    J. P. Burgess (2011). Alan Weir. Truth Through Proof: A Formalist Foundation for Mathematics. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 2010. ISBN 978-0-19-954149-2. Pp. Xiv+281. [REVIEW] Philosophia Mathematica 19 (2):213-219.
    Alan Weir’s new book is, like Darwin’s Origin of Species, ‘one long argument’. The author has devised a new kind of have-it-both-ways philosophy of mathematics, supposed to allow him to say out of one side of his mouth that the integer 1,000,000 exists and even that the cardinal ℵω exists, while saying out of the other side of his mouth that no numbers exist at all, and the whole book is devoted to an exposition and defense of this new (...)
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  29.  48
    Michael Potts (2001). A Requiem for Whole Brain Death: A Response to D. Alan Shewmons the Brain and Somatic Integration. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 26 (5):479 – 491.
    Alan Shewmons article, The brain and somatic integration: Insights into the standard biological rationale for equating brain death with death (2001), strikes at the heart of the standard justification for whole brain death criteria. The standard justification, which I call the standard paradigm, holds that the permanent loss of the functions of the entire brain marks the end of the integrative unity of the body. In my response to Shewmons article, I first offer a brief summary of the standard (...)
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  30.  16
    Andrew Hodges, Alan Turing in the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    The origin of my article lies in the appearance of Copeland and Proudfoot's feature article in Scientific American, April 1999. This preposterous paper, as described on another page, suggested that Turing was the prophet of 'hypercomputation'. In their references, the authors listed Copeland's entry on 'The Church-Turing thesis' in the Stanford Encyclopedia. In the summer of 1999, I circulated an open letter criticising the Scientific American article. I included criticism of this Encyclopedia entry. This was forwarded to Prof. Ed Zalta, (...)
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  31.  54
    Robin Attfield (2003). Biocentric Consequentialism, Pluralism, and 'The Minimax Implication': A Reply to Alan Carter. Utilitas 15 (1):76.
    Alan Carter's recent review in Mind of my Ethics of the Global Environment combines praise of biocentric consequentialism with criticisms that it could advocate both minimal satisfaction of human needs and the extinction of for the sake of generating extra people; Carter also maintains that as a monistic theory it is predictably inadequate to cover the full range of ethical issues, since only a pluralistic theory has this capacity. In this reply, I explain how the counter-intuitive implications of biocentric (...)
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  32.  81
    Stathos Psillos, Review of Alan Musgrave, Essays on Realism and Rationalism. [REVIEW]
    Alan Musgrave has been one of the most important philosophers of science in the last quarter of the 20th century. He has exemplified an exceptional combination of clearheaded and profound philosophical thinking. Two seem to be the pillars of his thought: an uncompromising commitment to scientific realism and an equally uncompromising commitment to deductivism. The essays reprinted in this volume (which span a period of 25 years, from 1974 to 1999) testify to these two commitments. (There are two omissions (...)
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  33.  3
    R. Johnson (2002). Defending Ways of Life: The Terrorist Rhetorics of Bush and Blair. Theory, Culture and Society 19 (4):211-231.
    This article explores the rhetorics of President Bush and Prime Minister Blair in the aftermath of 11th September. It takes their differing versions of masculinity as a starting-point. The speeches refer extensively to `ways of life', a concept also worth recovering theoretically. Anti-terrorism is a defence of ways of living which are without moral ambiguity and are in absolute opposition to terrorist `evil'. Bush constructs a hegemony at home as a basis for unilateral global interventions. His Americanism draws on (...)
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  34.  18
    Per Albert Ilsaas (2008). Blair on Rodin: Rejoinder. Res Publica 14 (4):313-316.
    The article is a brief response to Jacob Blair’s critique of David Rodin’s argument in War and Self-Defense that there are circumstances in which war conceivably could be justified not as self-defence, but as law enforcement or punishment. It argues that while Rodin’s position potentially is less dilemmatic than Blair suggests, Blair nevertheless usefully highlights tensions within it. Blair’s own argument in favour of ar as law-enforcement is suggestive, but in no way conclusive.
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  35.  75
    Slava Sadovnikov (2008). Review Essay: Apprehending the "Social": Outhwaite, William, Ed. . The Blackwell Dictionary of Modern Social Thought. 2nd Edition. Advisory Editor Alain Touraine. Malden, Ma and Oxford, Uk: Blackwell Publishing. Sica, Alan, Edited and with Introductions . Social Thought: From the Enlightenment to the Present. Boston: Pearson Education. [REVIEW] Philosophy of the Social Sciences 38 (4):533-544.
    The two books reviewed here are different efforts to embrace the vast subject called "social thought." The second edition of The Blackwell Dictionary of Modern Social Thought, edited by William Outhwaite with Alain Touraine, contains numerous updates; yet it also has some disadvantages compared to the first edition. Social Thought: From the Enlightenment to the Present, edited by Alan Sica, is a bold but controversial attempt at gathering in one anthology as many social thinkers as possible. Key Words: "social" (...)
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  36. Alan Wilson, Scottish Executive & Pentland House (1989). Alan Wilson. In Derek Gregory & Rex Walford (eds.), Horizons in Human Geography. Barnes & Noble Books 29.
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  37.  30
    James D. Sellmann (2013). Philosophy and Religion in Early Medieval China Ed. By Alan K. L. Chan and Yuet-Keung Lo (Review). Philosophy East and West 63 (3):451-455.
    The Early Han enjoyed some prosperity while it struggled with centralization and political control of the kingdom. The Later Han was plagued by the court intrigue, corrupt eunuchs, and massive flooding of the Yellow River that eventually culminated in popular uprisings that led to the demise of the dynasty. The period that followed was a renewed warring states period that likewise stimulated a rebirth of philosophical and religious debate, growth, and innovations. Alan K. L. Chan and Yuet-Keung Lo's Philosophy (...)
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  38.  68
    Ben Eggleston (2004). Review of Alan H. Goldman, Practical Rules: When We Need Them and When We Don't. [REVIEW] Utilitas 16 (1):113-115.
    A review of Alan H. Goldman, _Practical Rules: When We Need Them and When We Don’t_ (Cambridge University Press, 2002), pp. xi + 210.
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  39.  24
    E. C. Brugger (2013). D. Alan Shewmon and the PCBE's White Paper on Brain Death: Are Brain-Dead Patients Dead? Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 38 (2):205-218.
    The December 2008 White Paper (WP) on “Brain Death” published by the President’s Council on Bioethics (PCBE) reaffirmed its support for the traditional neurological criteria for human death. It spends considerable time explaining and critiquing what it takes to be the most challenging recent argument opposing the neurological criteria formulated by D. Alan Shewmon, a leading critic of the “whole brain death” standard. The purpose of this essay is to evaluate and critique the PCBE’s argument. The essay begins with (...)
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  40.  3
    Richard Eldridge (2016). On Alan Goldman's Philosophy and the Novel. Philosophy and Literature 39 (2):564-571.
    It is worth at least a moment to note and praise Alan Goldman’s methodological stance in Philosophy and the Novel.1 Goldman reflects appreciatively on the achievements of specific novels in order to arrive at philosophically interesting results about interpretation and moral understanding. In his appreciative reflections, Goldman is aware of, but by no means bound by, recent work in experimental moral psychology and metaethics. The result is a powerful demonstration not only of the human, cognitive, and ethical interest of (...)
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  41.  1
    Edward Regis (ed.) (1984). Gewirth's Ethical Rationalism: Critical Essays with a Reply by Alan Gewirth. University of Chicago Press.
    Alan Gewirth's Reason and Morality directed philosophical attention to the possibility of presenting a rational and rigorous demonstration of fundamental moral principles. Now, these previously unpublished essays from some of the most distinguished philosophers of our generation subject Gewirth's program to thorough evaluation and assessment. In a tour de force of philosophical analysis, Professor Gewirth provides detailed replies to all of his critics--a major, genuinely clarifying essay of intrinsic philosophical interest.
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  42.  16
    Graciela González, Chitta Baral & Michael Gelfond (2005). Alan: An Action Language for Modelling Non-Markovian Domains. Studia Logica 79 (1):115-134.
    In this paper we present the syntax and semantics of a temporal action language named Alan, which was designed to model interactive multimedia presentations where the Markov property does not always hold. In general, Alan allows the specification of systems where the future state of the world depends not only on the current state, but also on the past states of the world. To the best of our knowledge, Alan is the first action language which incorporates causality (...)
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  43.  40
    Matthew H. Kramer & Nigel E. Simmonds (1998). No Better Reasons: A Reply to Alan Gewirth. Southern Journal of Philosophy 36 (1):131-139.
    Alan Gewirth has propounded a moral theory which commits him to the view that prescriptions can appropriately be addressed to people who have neither any moral reasons nor any prudential reasons to follow the prescriptions. We highlight the strangeness of Gewirth's position and then show that it undermines his attempt to come up with a supreme moral principle.
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  44.  36
    Anthony F. Beavers, Alan Turing: Mathematical Mechanist.
    I live just off of Bell Road outside of Newburgh, Indiana, a small town of 3,000 people. A mile down the street Bell Road intersects with Telephone Road not as a modern reminder of a technology belonging to bygone days, but as testimony that this technology, now more than a century and a quarter old, is still with us. In an age that prides itself on its digital devices and in which the computer now equals the telephone as a medium (...)
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  45.  37
    Peter Cave (2004). Alan Turing. Minds and Machines 10 (4):461-461.
    In his short life, Alan Turing (1912-1954) made foundational contributions to philosophy, mathematics, biology, artificial intelligence, and computer science. He, as much as anyone, invented and showed how to program the digital electronic computer. From September, 1939, his work on computation was war-driven and brutally practical. He developed high speed computing devices needed to decipher German Enigma Machine messages to and from U-boats, countering the most serious threat by far to Britain..
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  46.  7
    Iris Vidmar (2015). Alan H. Goldman, Philosophy and the Novel. Estetika: The Central European Journal of Aesthetics 52 (1):122-127.
    A review of Alan H. Goldman´s Philosophy and the Novel.
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  47.  40
    Shaun Nichols, Sentiment, Intention, and Disagreement: Replies to Blair & D'Arms.
    I am most grateful to James Blair and Justin D’Arms for commenting on my work. I would be hard put to name two other moral psychologists whose reactions I’d be so keen to hear. There is a striking asymmetry in their commentaries. Blair prefers a minimalist story about moral judgment, maintaining that the appeal to rules is unnecessary. D’Arms, by contrast, maintains that the account I offer is overly simple and that children lack moral concepts despite their partial (...)
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  48.  17
    Tito Orlandi (2013). Nel centenario della nascita di Alan Turing. Augustinianum 53 (1):261-265.
    It seems opportune to commemorate in ‘Augustinianum’ the centenary of the birth of Alan Turing, insofar as he is an outstanding figure whose theoritical insight gave birth to the computer revolution of the twentieth centur y. His theories are equally important for the methodology supporting studies in the humanities.
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  49.  36
    Alan W. Richardson & Thomas E. Uebel (2005). Alan W. Richardson. 'The Tenacious, Malleable, Indefatigable, and yet, Eternally Modifiable Will': Hans Reichenbach's Knowing Subject. Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 79 (1):73–87.
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  50.  27
    D. Alan Shewmon (2009). D. Alan Shewmon Replies. Hastings Center Report 39 (5):6-7.
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