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Alan H. Goldman [113]Alan Goldman [21]Alan Harris Goldman [1]
  1.  12
    Alan H. Goldman (forthcoming). What Desires Are, and Are Not. Philosophical Studies:1-20.
    This paper criticizes the account of desire defended by Nomy Arpaly and Timothy Schroeder in their recent book, In Praise of Desire. It contrasts their account with one that I favor, a cluster analysis listing various criteria that are together sufficient for having paradigm desires, but none of which is necessary or sufficient for desiring. I argue that their account fails to state necessary or sufficient conditions, that it is explanatorily weaker than the cluster account, that it fails to provide (...)
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  2.  47
    Alan H. Goldman (2009). Reasons From Within: Desires and Values. Oxford University Press.
    Alan H. Goldman argues for the internalist or subjectivist view of practical reasons on the grounds that it is simpler, more unified, and more comprehensible ...
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  3. Alan H. Goldman (1977). Plain Sex. Philosophy and Public Affairs 6 (3):267-287.
  4. Alan H. Goldman (2010). What We Learn About Rules From the Cider House Rules. Philosophy and Literature 34 (2):359-372.
    In a well known collection of essays, Martha Nussbaum has argued that novels are indispensable in teaching and learning ethics in the right way.1 A large part of such learning consists in developing the capacity to perceive and respond to complex, nuanced situations having numerous morally relevant features deriving from particular relationships and past commitments that combine these context sensitive features in unique and unpredictable ways. Careful attention to detailed, intricate stories with finely sketched characters develops such capacity far better (...)
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  5.  5
    Alan H. Goldman (1992). Empirical Knowledge. Philosophical Review 101 (2):428-430.
    This remarkably clear and comprehensive account of empirical knowledge will be valuable to all students of epistemology and philosophy. The author begins from an explanationist analysis of knowing—a belief counts as knowledge if, and only if, its truth enters into the best explanation for its being held. Defending common sense and scientific realism within the explanationist framework, Alan Goldman provides a new foundational approach to justification. The view that emerges is broadly empiricist, counteracting the recently dominant trend that rejects that (...)
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  6.  42
    Alan H. Goldman (1995). Aesthetic Value. Westview Press.
    At the heart of aesthetics lie fundamental questions about value in art and the objectivity of aesthetic valuation. A theory of aesthetic value must explain how the properties of artworks contribute to the values derived from contemplating and appreciating works of art. When someone passes judgment on a work of art, just what is it that is happening, and how can such judgments be criticized and defended?In this concise survey, intended for advanced undergraduate students of aesthetics, Alan Goldman focuses on (...)
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  7. Alan H. Goldman (1980). Business Ethics: Profits, Utilities, and Moral Rights. Philosophy and Public Affairs 9 (3):260-286.
  8. Alan H. Goldman (1976). The Entitlement Theory of Distributive Justice. Journal of Philosophy 73 (21):823-835.
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  9. Alan Goldman (2010). Huckleberry Finn and Moral Motivation. Philosophy and Literature 34 (1):pp. 1-16.
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  10. Alan H. Goldman (1990). Aesthetic Qualities and Aesthetic Value. Journal of Philosophy 87 (1):23-37.
    To say that an object is beautiful or ugly is seemingly to refer to a property of the object. But it is also to express a positive or negative response to it, a set of aesthetic values, and to suggest that others ought to respond in the same way. Such judg- ments are descriptive, expressive, and normative or prescriptive at once. These multiple features are captured well by Humean accounts that analyze the judgments as ascribing relational properties. To say that (...)
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  11.  56
    Alan H. Goldman (1980). The Moral Foundations of Professional Ethics. Rowman and Littlefield.
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  12.  83
    Alan H. Goldman (2005). Reason Internalism. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 71 (3):505 - 533.
    This paper defends strong internalism about reasons, the view that reasons must relate to pre-existing motivational states, from several kinds of counterexamples, supposed desire independent reasons, that have been proposed. A central distinction drawn is that between there being a reason and an agent's having a reason. For an agent to have an F reason, she must be F-minded. Reasons, as what motivate us, are states of affairs and not themselves desires or motivational states, but they must connect to existing (...)
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  13.  82
    Alan H. Goldman (2006). The Experiential Account of Aesthetic Value. Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 64 (3):333–342.
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  14. Alan H. Goldman (1975). Criteriological Arguments in Perception. Mind 84 (January):102-105.
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  15.  6
    Alan H. Goldman (2013). Philosophy and the Novel. Oxford University Press.
    Part I. Philosophy of novels. 1. Introduction: philosophical content and literary value -- 2. Interpreting novels -- 3. The sun also rises: incompatible interpretations -- 4. The appeal of the mystery -- Part II. Philosophy in novels. 5. Moral development in Pride and prejudice -- 6. Huckleberry Finn and moral motivation -- 7. What we learn about rules from The cider house rules -- 8. Nostromo and the fragility of the self.
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  16.  2
    Alan H. Goldman (1988). Moral Knowledge. Routledge.
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  17. Alan H. Goldman (1979). The Paradox of Punishment. Philosophy and Public Affairs 9 (1):42-58.
  18.  19
    Alan H. Goldman (2013). The Broad View of Aesthetic Experience. Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 71 (4):323-333.
    Peter Kivy and Noël Carroll advocate a narrow view of aesthetic experience according to which it consists mainly in attention to formal properties. Excluded are cognitive and moral properties. I defend the broader view that includes the latter properties. I argue first that cognition and moral assessment can be inseparable in experience from grasp of form and expressiveness. Second, Kivy and Carroll must extend the notion of form itself beyond ordinary usage to accommodate acknowledged aesthetic experience. Third, the broad view (...)
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  19. Alan H. Goldman (2008). The Case Against Objective Values. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 11 (5):507 - 524.
    While objective values need not be intrinsically motivating, need not actually motivate us, they would determine what we ought to pursue and protect. They would provide reasons for actions. Objective values would come in degrees, and more objective value would provide stronger reasons. It follows that, if objective value exists, we ought to maximize it in the world. But virtually no one acts with that goal in mind. Furthermore, objective value would exist independently of our subjective valuings. But we have (...)
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  20. Alan Goldman (forthcoming). Review: Epistemology and the Psychology of Human Judgment. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews.
     
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  21. Alan H. Goldman (2012). Reasons From Within: Desires and Values. Oxford University Press Uk.
    Do the reasons we have for acting as we do derive from our concerns and desires, or are there objective values in the world that we are rationally required to pursue and protect? Alan Goldman argues for the internalist or subjectivist view of practical reasons on the grounds that it is simpler, more unified, and more comprehensible than the rival objectivist position. He provides a naturalistic account of practical rationality in terms of coherence within sets of desires or motivational states, (...)
     
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  22.  28
    Alan H. Goldman (2006). Desire Based Reasons and Reasons for Desires. Southern Journal of Philosophy 44 (3):469-488.
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  23. Alan Goldman (2001). The Aesthetic. In Berys Nigel Gaut & Dominic Lopes (eds.), The Routledge Companion to Aesthetics. Routledge
     
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  24.  23
    Alan Goldman (2008). Knowledge, Explanation, and Lotteries. Noûs 42 (3):466-481.
  25.  91
    Alan H. Goldman (1993). Realism About Aesthetic Properties. Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 51 (1):31-37.
  26.  66
    Alan H. Goldman (2007). The Underdetermination Argument for Brain-in-the-Vat Scepticism. Analysis 67 (1):32–36.
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  27.  81
    Alan H. Goldman (1982). Toward a New Theory of Punishment. Law and Philosophy 1 (1):57 - 76.
    Criteria for a successful theory of punishment include first, that it specify a reasonable limit to punishments in particular cases, and second, that it allow benefits to outweigh costs in a penal institution.It is argued that traditional utilitarian and retributive theories fail to satisfy both criteria, and that they cannot be coherently combined so as to do so. Retributivism specifies a reasonable limit in its demand that punishment equal crime, but this limit fails to allow benefits to outweigh costs of (...)
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  28.  93
    Alan H. Goldman (2010). Is Moral Motivation Rationally Required? Journal of Ethics 14 (1):1 - 16.
    The answer to the title question is “No.” The first section argues, using the example of Huckleberry Finn, that rational agents need not be motivated by their explicit judgments of rightness and wrongness. Section II rejects a plausible argument to the conclusion that rational agents must have some moral concerns. The third section clarifies the relevant concept of irrationality and argues that moral incoherence does not equate with this common relevant concept. Section IV questions a rational requirement for prudential concern (...)
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  29.  86
    Alan H. Goldman (1976). Appearing as Irreducible in Perception. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 37 (December):147-164.
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  30.  66
    Alan H. Goldman (1976). Affirmative Action. Philosophy and Public Affairs 5 (2):178-195.
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  31.  89
    Alan H. Goldman (1990). The Education of Taste. British Journal of Aesthetics 30 (2):105-116.
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  32.  53
    Alan H. Goldman (1987). Red and Right. Journal of Philosophy 84 (7):349-362.
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  33.  35
    Alan H. Goldman (2004). Epistemological Foundations: Can Experiences Justify Beliefs? American Philosophical Quarterly 41 (4):273-285.
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  34.  1
    Alan H. Goldman (2016). Walton, Kendall. In Other Shoes: Music, Metaphor, Empathy, Existence. Oxford University Press, 2015, 295 Pp., $29.95 Paper. [REVIEW] Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 74 (2):203-205.
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  35.  4
    Alan Goldman (2004). Evaluating Art. In Peter Kivy (ed.), The Blackwell Guide to Aesthetics. Blackwell Pub. 93--108.
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  36.  44
    Alan H. Goldman (1990). Interpreting Art and Literature. Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 48 (3):205-214.
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  37. Alan H. Goldman, Harry Brighouse, Adam Swift & Sarah Stroud (2006). 4.'Race': Normative, Not Metaphysical or Semantic 'Race': Normative, Not Metaphysical or Semantic (Pp. 525-551). Ethics 116 (3).
  38.  8
    Alan H. Goldman (1982). Social Justice in the Liberal State. International Studies in Philosophy 14 (2):85-87.
  39.  23
    Alan H. Goldman (1987). The Justification of Equal Opportunity. Social Philosophy and Policy 5 (1):88.
    As a preliminary to the justification of equal opportunity, we require a few words on the concept. An opportunity is a chance to attain some goal or obtain some benefit. More precisely, it is the lack of some obstacle or obstacles to the attainment of some goal or benefit. Opportunities are equal in some specified or understood sense when persons face roughly the same obstacles or obstacles of roughly the same difficulty of some specified or understood sort. In different contexts (...)
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  40.  29
    Alan H. Goldman (2006). The Rationality of Complying with Rules: Paradox Resolved. Ethics 116 (3):453-470.
  41.  50
    Alan H. Goldman (1979). Realism. Southern Journal of Philosophy 17 (2):175-192.
    Definitions of stronger and weaker versions of physical realism are offered, The first relating to the existence of physical objects and the second to the independence of their properties. It is argued that recent debates about the commensurability and convergence of scientific theories and the causal theory of reference are irrelevant to the truth of these theses, Although their proponents seem to think them linked. It is then argued that support for realist positions must be inductive. Such support is provided (...)
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  42.  66
    Alan H. Goldman (1995). The Aesthetic Value of Representation in Painting. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 55 (2):297-310.
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  43.  13
    Alan H. Goldman (1991). Skepticism About Goodness and Rightness. Southern Journal of Philosophy 29 (S1):167-183.
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  44.  57
    Alan H. Goldman (1976). Rawls's Original Position and the Difference Principle. Journal of Philosophy 73 (21):845-849.
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  45.  31
    Alan Goldman (1995). Emotions in Music (a Postscript). Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 53 (1):59-69.
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  46.  51
    Alan Goldman (1992). The Value of Music. Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 50 (1):35-44.
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  47.  14
    Alan H. Goldman (1982). The Moral Significance of National Boundaries. Midwest Studies in Philosophy 7 (1):437-453.
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  48.  34
    Alan H. Goldman (2011). The Appeal of the Mystery. Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 69 (3):261-272.
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  49.  21
    Alan H. Goldman (1987). The Force of Precedent in Legal, Moral, and Empirical Reasoning. Synthese 71 (3):323 - 346.
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  50.  48
    Alan Goldman (2007). Desire, Depression, and Rationality. Philosophical Psychology 20 (6):711 – 730.
    Internalists hold that all reasons derive from existing motivations. They also hold that agents act irrationally when they fail to act on the strongest reasons they have. Emotions can make one act irrationally. But depression as an emotion tends to remove the motivation to act at the same time as it causes irrational inaction. If depression can cause irrationality, then the reasons to act must remain. Hence the internalist must explain how reasons can remain if depression removes motivation. This paper (...)
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