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Profile: Alan M Leslie (Rutgers University)
  1. Ron Mallon, Alan M. Leslie & Jennifer DiCorcia, Transgressors, Victims, and Cry Babies: Is Basic Moral Judgment Spared in Autism? Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    of (from Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) forthcoming in Social Neuroscience. [nearly final draft in .pdf] An empirical investigation of moral judgment in autism.
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  2. Alan M. Leslie & Ron Mallon, Transgressors, Victims, and Cry Babies: Is Basic Moral Judgment Spared in Autism?
    Human social intelligence comprises a wide range of complex cognitive and affective processes that appear to be selectively impaired in autistic spectrum disorders. The study of these neuro- developmental disorders and the study of canonical social intelligence have advanced rapidly over the last twenty years by investigating the two together. Specifically, studies of autism have provided important insights into the nature of ‘theory of mind’ abilities, their normal development and underlying neural systems. At the same time, the idea of impaired (...)
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  3. Deena Skolnick Weisberg & Alan M. Leslie (2012). The Role of Victims' Emotions in Preschoolers' Moral Judgments. Review of Philosophy and Psychology 3 (3):439-455.
    Do victims’ emotions underlie preschoolers’ moral judgment abilities? Study 1 asked preschoolers (n = 72) to judge actions directed at characters who could and could not feel hurt and who did and did not cry. These judgments took into account only the nature of the action, not the nature of the victim. To further investigate how victims’ emotions might impact children’s moral judgments, Study 2 presented preschoolers (n = 37) with stories that varied in transgression type (Moral, Conventional, or None) (...)
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  4. Ori Friedman, Karen R. Neary, Corinna L. Burnstein & Alan M. Leslie (2010). Is Young Children's Recognition of Pretense Metarepresentational or Merely Behavioral? Evidence From 2- and 3-Year-Olds' Understanding of Pretend Sounds and Speech. [REVIEW] Cognition 115 (2):314-319.
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  5. Alan M. Leslie, Rochel Gelman & C. R. Gallistel (2008). The Generative Basis of Natural Number Concepts. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 12 (6):213-218.
    Number concepts must support arithmetic inference. Using this principle, it can be argued that the integer concept of exactly ONE is a necessary part of the psychological foundations of number, as is the notion of the exact equality - that is, perfect substitutability. The inability to support reasoning involving exact equality is a shortcoming in current theories about the development of numerical reasoning. A simple innate basis for the natural number concepts can be proposed that embodies the arithmetic principle, supports (...)
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  6. Josep Call, Olga Kochukhova, Gustaf Gredebäck, Sorel Cahan, Yaniv Mor, Nina Kazanina, Colin Phillips, Ori Friedman, Alan M. Leslie & Susan A. Gelman (2007). Number 1 Regular Articles. Cognition 105:726-729.
     
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  7. Ori Friedman & Alan M. Leslie (2007). The Conceptual Underpinnings of Pretense: Pretending is Not 'Behaving-as-If'. Cognition 105 (1):103-124.
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  8. Zsuzsa Káldy & Alan M. Leslie (2005). A Memory Span of One? Object Identification in 6.5-Month-Old Infants. Cognition 97 (2):153-177.
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  9. Alan M. Leslie (2005). Developmental Parallels in Understanding Minds and Bodies. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 9 (10):459-462.
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  10. Ori Friedman & Alan M. Leslie (2004). A Developmental Shift in Processes Underlying Successful Belief‐Desire Reasoning. Cognitive Science 28 (6):963-977.
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  11. Tim P. German & Alan M. Leslie (2004). No (Social) Construction Without (Meta-)Representation: Modular Mechanisms as a Basis for the Capacity to Acquire an Understanding of Mind. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (1):106-107.
    Theories that propose a modular basis for developing a “theory of mind” have no problem accommodating social interaction or social environment factors into either the learning process, or into the genotypes underlying the growth of the neurocognitive modules. Instead, they can offer models which constrain and hence explain the mechanisms through which variations in social interaction affect development. Cognitive models of both competence and performance are critical to evaluating the basis of correlations between variations in social interaction and performance on (...)
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  12. Alan M. Leslie, Ori Friedman & Tim P. German (2004). Core Mechanisms in 'Theory of Mind'. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 8 (12):528-533.
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  13. Tim P. German & Alan M. Leslie (2000). Attending to and Learning About Mental States. In P. Mitchell & Kevin J. Riggs (eds.), Children's Reasoning and the Mind. Psychology Press/Taylor & Francis. 229--252.
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  14. Alan M. Leslie (2000). How to Acquire a 'Representational Theory of Mind'. In Dan Sperber (ed.), Metarepresentations. Oxford University Press. 197--223.
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  15. Alan M. Leslie & Brian J. Scholl (1999). Modularity, Development and 'Theory of Mind'. Mind and Language 14 (1):131-153.
    Psychologists and philosophers have recently been exploring whether the mechanisms which underlie the acquisition of ‘theory of mind’ (ToM) are best charac- terized as cognitive modules or as developing theories. In this paper, we attempt to clarify what a modular account of ToM entails, and why it is an attractive type of explanation. Intuitions and arguments in this debate often turn on the role of develop- ment: traditional research on ToM focuses on various developmental sequences, whereas cognitive modules are thought (...)
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  16. Brian J. Scholl & Alan M. Leslie (1999). Modularity, Development and "Theory of Mind". Mind and Language 14 (1):131-153.
    Psychologists and philosophers have recently been exploring whether the mechanisms which underlie the acquisition of ‘theory of mind’ (ToM) are best charac- terized as cognitive modules or as developing theories. In this paper, we attempt to clarify what a modular account of ToM entails, and why it is an attractive type of explanation. Intuitions and arguments in this debate often turn on the role of _develop-_ _ment_: traditional research on ToM focuses on various developmental sequences, whereas cognitive modules are thought (...)
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  17. Alan M. Leslie, Fei Xu, Patrice D. Tremoulet & Brian J. Scholl (1998). Indexing and the Object Concept: Developingwhat'andwhere'systems. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 2 (1):10-18.
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  18. Daniel Roth & Alan M. Leslie (1998). Solving Belief Problems: Toward a Task Analysis. Cognition 66 (1):1-31.
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  19. Alan M. Leslie, Shaun Nichols, Stephen P. Stich & David B. Klein (1996). Varieties of Off-Line Simulation. In P. Carruthers & P. Smith (eds.), Theories of Theories of Mind. Cambridge University Press. 39-74.
    In the last few years, off-line simulation has become an increasingly important alternative to standard explanations in cognitive science. The contemporary debate began with Gordon (1986) and Goldman's (1989) off-line simulation account of our capacity to predict behavior. On their view, in predicting people's behavior we take our own decision making system `off line' and supply it with the `pretend' beliefs and desires of the person whose behavior we are trying to predict; we then let the decision maker reach a (...)
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  20. Shaun Nichols, Stephen P. Stich, Alan M. Leslie & David B. Klein (1996). Varieties of Off-Line Simulation. In Peter Carruthers & Peter K. Smith (eds.), [Book Chapter]. Cambridge University Press. 39-74.
    The debate over off-line simulation has largely focussed on the capacity to predict behavior, but the basic idea of off-line simulation can be cast in a much broader framework. The central claim of the off-line account of behavior prediction is that the practical reasoning mechanism is taken off-line and used for predicting behavior. However, there's no reason to suppose that the idea of off-line simulation can't be extended to mechanisms other than the practical reasoning system. In principle, any cognitive component (...)
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  21. Alan M. Leslie & T. P. German (1995). Knowledge and Ability in "Theory of Mind": A One-Eyed Overview of a Debate. In Martin Davies & Tony Stone (eds.), Mental Simulation. Blackwell. 123--151.
     
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  22. Shaun Nichols, Stephen P. Stich & Alan M. Leslie (1995). Choice Effects and the Ineffectiveness of Simulation. Mind and Language 10 (4):437-45.
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  23. Alan M. Leslie (1994). Pretending and Believing: Issues in the Theory of ToMM. Cognition 50 (1-3):211-238.
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  24. Alan M. Leslie, Tim P. German & Francesca G. Happé (1993). Even a Theory-Theory Needs Information Processing: ToMM, an Alternative Theory-Theory of the Child's Theory of Mind. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 16 (1):56.
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  25. Alan M. Leslie & Laila Thaiss (1992). Domain Specificity in Conceptual Development: Neuropsychological Evidence From Autism. Cognition 43 (3):225-251.
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  26. Alan M. Leslie (1989). Relevance: Communication and Cognition. Mind and Language 4 (1-2):147-150.
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  27. Alan M. Leslie & Uta Frith (1987). Metarepresentation and Autism: How Not to Lose One's Marbles. Cognition 27 (3):291-294.
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  28. Alan M. Leslie & Stephanie Keeble (1987). Do Six-Month-Old Infants Perceive Causality? Cognition 25 (3):265-288.
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  29. Simon Baron-Cohen, Alan M. Leslie & Uta Frith (1985). Does the Autistic Child Have a “Theory of Mind”? Cognition 21 (1):37-46.
    We use a new model of metarepresentational development to predict a cognitive deficit which could explain a crucial component of the social impairment in childhood autism. One of the manifestations of a basic metarepresentational capacity is a ‘theory of mind’. We have reason to believe that autistic children lack such a ‘theory’. If this were so, then they would be unable to impute beliefs to others and to predict their behaviour. This hypothesis was tested using Wimmer and Perner’s puppet play (...)
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  30. Alan M. Leslie (1982). Discursive Representation in Infancy. In. In B. De Gelder (ed.), Knowledge and Representation. Routledge & Kegan Paul. 80--93.
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