Search results for 'Alberto Moreno' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Mercedes Doffi & Alberto Moreno (eds.) (2006). Lógica, Epistemología y Filosofía Del Lenguaje: Homenaje a Alberto Moreno. Eudeba.score: 1140.0
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  2. Borys Alberto Cornejo Moreno & Gress Marissell Gómez Arteaga (2012). Violation of Ethical Principles in Clinical Research. Influences and Possible Solutions for Latin America. BMC Medical Ethics 13 (1):35-.score: 240.0
    Background Even though we are now well into the 21st century and notwithstanding all the abuse to individuals involved in clinical studies that has been documented throughout History, fundamental ethical principles continue to be violated in one way or another. Discussion Here are some of the main factors that contribute to the abuse of subjects participating in clinical trials: paternalism, improper use of informed consent, lack of strict ethical supervision, pressure exerted by health institutions to increase the production of scientific (...)
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  3. Alberto Moreno (1963). Propositional logic in Juan de Santo Tomás. Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 4 (2):113-134.score: 240.0
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  4. Daniel Ariztegui, Antony R. Berger, Luis Alberto Borrero, Enrique H. Bucher, Pedro Depetris, Martin Grosjean, Ramon Julià, Nizamettin Kazancı, Suzanne Leroy & Patricio I. Moreno (forthcoming). Keynote Lectures. Laguna.score: 240.0
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  5. Danielle Soares Bio, Érika Leonardo de Souza & Ricardo Alberto Moreno (2011). Remissão Sintomática E Qualidade de Vida Em Pacientes Com Depressão Maior Tratados Com Antidepressivo: Um Estudo Prospectivo. Aletheia 34:151-162.score: 240.0
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  6. Danielle Soares Bio, Érika Leonardo de Souza & Ricardo Alberto Moreno (2011). Remissão Sintomática E Qualidade de Vida Em Pacientes Com Depressão Maior Tratados Com Antidepressivo: Um Estudo Prospectivo. Aletheia 34:151-162.score: 240.0
    Este estudo teve como objetivo estimar a Qualidade de Vida (QV) em pacientes com transtorno depressivo maior antes e após tratamento antidepressivo eficaz. Participaram do estudo 26 indivíduos (18 a 65 anos) com episódio agudo de Transtorno Depressivo Maior, segundo critérios do DSM-IV. A duração do..
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  7. Luis Jiménez Moreno (1992). Análisis kantiano del «interés moral». Logos: Anales Del Seminario de Metafísica 1:583-594.score: 120.0
    Luis Jiménez Moreno murió en octubre de 2007 a los 77 años de edad. Durante los últimos 30 años perteneció a la Universidad Complutense, de la que llegó a ser catedrático. Había estudiado en Salamanca, Roma, Valencia y Munich. Su tesis doctoral sobre el pensamiento antropológico de Nietzsche fue dirigida por Aranguren. Fue catedrático de instituto en Andújar, Ávila y Badalona, y profesor de universidad en Barcelona y Madrid. El presente artículo recoge los datos fundamentales de su vida, así (...)
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  8. Luis Jiménez Moreno (1980). Historia y filosofía en Nietzsche. Anales Del Seminario de Historia de la Filosofía 1:193-218.score: 120.0
    Luis Jiménez Moreno murió en octubre de 2007 a los 77 años de edad. Durante los últimos 30 años perteneció a la Universidad Complutense, de la que llegó a ser catedrático. Había estudiado en Salamanca, Roma, Valencia y Munich. Su tesis doctoral sobre el pensamiento antropológico de Nietzsche fue dirigida por Aranguren. Fue catedrático de instituto en Andújar, Ávila y Badalona, y profesor de universidad en Barcelona y Madrid. El presente artículo recoge los datos fundamentales de su vida, así (...)
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  9. Bondolfi Alberto (1999). Alberto Bondolfi, Zurich. Ethik in der Medizin 11 (2).score: 120.0
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  10. Ernesto Alberto (2010). Fernando & Evangeline Alberto, Manuel Vicente Pangilinan; On Mentors and Protegees. Budhi: A Journal of Ideas and Culture 14 (2 & 3):241-244.score: 120.0
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  11. José Luis Martín Moreno (2012). Sentencia del Tribunal Constitucional 210/2012, de 14 de noviembre: Comentario a cargo de José Luis Martín Moreno. Aletheia 2:71 - 99.score: 120.0
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  12. Luis Jiménez Moreno (1995). Nietzsche: por una cultura vital estética. Anales Del Seminario de Historia de la Filosofía 12:79-90.score: 90.0
    La cultura procede de la vida y debe fomentar la vida. No basta el conocimiento científico intelectualizado, sino un saber humanístico. Nietzsche prefiere el saber meridional --provenzal-gay saber-- de los trovadores. A veces con sentido trágico, siempre acentuando la dimensión estética. Arte, creación y comunicación.
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  13. Luis Jiménez Moreno (2001). Ginzo Fernández, arsenio: Protestantismo Y filosofla. (La recepción de la reforma en la filosofía alemana). Logos. Anales Del Seminario de Metafísica 18:282.score: 90.0
    This article tries to show the ambivalence of the hegelian idea of Europe. On the one hand, Hegel has always appeared as too eurocentric, even for his time. But, on the other hand, he´s still a thinker who investigates very deeply the traits of the European identity, of its historical roots and of its formative process.
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  14. Luis Jiménez Moreno (1998). Azorín, pequeño filósofo vitalista. Anales Del Seminario de Historia de la Filosofía 15:223-242.score: 90.0
    Azorín se confiesa pequeño filósofo. Con discurso sencillo y diáfano contempla fenomenolgicamente los pequeños detalles para conocer la idea de las cosas. Le atrae la belleza, se preocupa por la vida, el paso del tiempo, la dimensión estética, afirmando la vida con intensa sensibilidad y el sentimiento de la naturaleza. Cita preferentemente a Montaigne, Schopenhauer y Nietzsche. Siente el pesimismo, la indolencia de la voluntad y la nada, que refleja en el coloquio de los canes.
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  15. Jonathan D. Moreno (1995). Deciding Together: Bioethics and Moral Consensus. Oxford University Press.score: 60.0
    Western society today is less unified by a set of core values than ever before. Undoubtedly, the concept of moral consensus is a difficult one in a liberal, democratic and pluralistic society. But it is imperative to avoid a rigid majoritarianism where sensitive personal values are at stake, as in bioethics. Bioethics has become an influential part of public and professional discussions of health care. It has helped frame issues of moral values and medicine as part of a more general (...)
     
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  16. Matteo Mossio, Cristian Saborido & Alvaro Moreno (2009). An Organizational Account of Biological Functions. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 60 (4):813-841.score: 30.0
    In this paper, we develop an organizational account that defines biological functions as causal relations subject to closure in living systems, interpreted as the most typical example of organizationally closed and differentiated self-maintaining systems. We argue that this account adequately grounds the teleological and normative dimensions of functions in the current organization of a system, insofar as it provides an explanation for the existence of the function bearer and, at the same time, identifies in a non-arbitrary way the norms that (...)
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  17. Luis Fernandez Moreno (2007). The Names of Historical Figures: A Descriptivist Reply. [REVIEW] Acta Analytica 22 (2):155-168.score: 30.0
    Kripke’s most important arguments in Naming and Necessity against the description theory of reference of proper names are the arguments from ignorance and error concerning names of historical figures. The aim of this paper is to put forward a reply to these arguments. The answer to them is grounded on the development of one component of the version of the description theory proposed by the authors that are regarded as the classical contemporary advocates of this theory, namely Searle and Strawson; (...)
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  18. Luis Fernández Moreno (2001). Tarskian Truth and the Correspondence Theory. Synthese 126 (1-2):123 - 147.score: 30.0
    Tarski's theory of truth brings out the question of whether he intended his theory to be a correspondence theory of truth and whether, whatever his intentions, his theory is in fact a correspondence theory. The aim of this paper is to answer both questions. The answer to the first question depends on Tarski's relevant assertions on semantics and his conception of truth. In order to answer the second question Popper's and Davidson's interpretations of Tarski's truth theory are examined; to this (...)
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  19. Alvaro Moreno & Kepa Ruiz-Mirazo (2009). The Problem of the Emergence of Functional Diversity in Prebiotic Evolution. Biology and Philosophy 24 (5):585-605.score: 30.0
    Since Darwin it is widely accepted that natural selection (NS) is the most important mechanism to explain how biological organisms—in their amazing variety—evolve and, therefore, also how the complexity of certain natural systems can increase over time, creating ever new functions or functional structures/relationships. Nevertheless, the way in which NS is conceived within Darwinian Theory already requires an open, wide enough, functional domain where selective forces may act. And, as the present paper will try to show, this becomes even more (...)
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  20. C. Saborido, M. Mossio & A. Moreno (2011). Biological Organization and Cross-Generation Functions. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 62 (3):583-606.score: 30.0
    The organizational account of biological functions interprets functions as contributions of a trait to the maintenance of the organization that, in turn, maintains the trait. As has been recently argued, however, the account seems unable to provide a unified grounding for both intra- and cross-generation functions, since the latter do not contribute to the maintenance of the same organization which produces them. To face this ‘ontological problem’, a splitting account has been proposed, according to which the two kinds of functions (...)
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  21. Stephen Wear & Jonathan D. Moreno (1994). Informed Consent: Patient Autonomy and Physician Beneficence Within Clinical Medicine. [REVIEW] HEC Forum 6 (5):323-325.score: 30.0
    Substantial efforts have recently been made to reform the physician-patient relationship, particularly toward replacing the `silent world of doctor and patient' with informed patient participation in medical decision-making. This 'new ethos of patient autonomy' has especially insisted on the routine provision of informed consent for all medical interventions. Stronly supported by most bioethicists and the law, as well as more popular writings and expectations, it still seems clear that informed consent has, at best, been received in a lukewarm fashion by (...)
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  22. Kepa Ruiz-Mirazo & Alvaro Moreno (2012). Autonomy in Evolution: From Minimal to Complex Life. Synthese 185 (1):21-52.score: 30.0
    Our aim in the present paper is to approach the nature of life from the perspective of autonomy, showing that this perspective can be helpful for overcoming the traditional Cartesian gap between the physical and cognitive domains. We first argue that, although the phenomenon of life manifests itself as highly complex and multidimensional, requiring various levels of description, individual organisms constitute the core of this multifarious phenomenology. Thereafter, our discussion focuses on the nature of the organization of individual living entities, (...)
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  23. Judith C. Ahronheim, Jonathan Moreno, Connie Zuckerman & Laurence B. McCullough (1995). Ethics in Clinical Practice. HEC Forum 7 (6):377-378.score: 30.0
  24. Alvaro Moreno, On What Makes Certain Dynamical Systems Cognitive: A Minimally Cognitive Organization Program.score: 30.0
    Dynamicism has provided cognitive science with important tools to understand some aspects of “how cognitive agents work” but the issue of “what makes something cognitive” has not been sufficiently addressed yet and, we argue, the former will never be complete without the latter. Behavioristic characterizations of cognitive properties are criticized in favor of an organizational approach focused on the internal dynamic relationships that constitute cognitive systems. A definition of cognition as adaptive-autonomy in the embodied and situated neurodynamic domain is provided: (...)
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  25. Alvaro Moreno & Matteo Mossio, The Autonomy of Living Systems: A Philosophical Enquiry Into Biological Organization.score: 30.0
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  26. Kepa Ruiz-Mirazo, Jon Umerez & Alvaro Moreno (2008). Enabling Conditions for 'Open-Ended Evolution'. Biology and Philosophy 23 (1):67-85.score: 30.0
    In this paper we review and argue for the relevance of the concept of open-ended evolution in biological theory. Defining it as a process in which a set of chemical systems bring about an unlimited variety of equivalent systems that are not subject to any pre-determined upper bound of organizational complexity, we explain why only a special type of self-constructing, autonomous systems can actually implement it. We further argue that this capacity derives from the ‘dynamic decoupling’ (in its minimal or (...)
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  27. Alvaro Moreno & Kepa Ruiz-Mirazo (2002). Key Issues Regarding the Origin, Nature, and Evolution of Complexity in Nature: Information as a Central Concept to Understand Biological Organization. Emergence 4 (1):63-76.score: 30.0
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  28. Alvaro Moreno, Adaptivity: From Metabolism to Behavior.score: 30.0
    In this article, we propose some fundamental requirements for the appearance of adaptivity. We argue that a basic metabolic organization, taken in its minimal sense, may provide the conceptual framework for naturalizing the origin of teleology and normative functionality as it appears in living systems. However, adaptivity also requires the emergence of a regulatory subsystem, which implies a certain form of dynamic decoupling within a globally integrated, autonomous system. Thus, we analyze several forms of minimal adaptivity, including the special case (...)
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  29. Alvaro Moreno, Essay.score: 30.0
    We attempt to distinguish, in a biological frame, ontogenetical adaptation from learning. Ontogenetical adaptation arises as a second order (sensorimotor) loop on the ground of the operational closure that provides autonomy and reproductive identity to the living system. Adaptation ensures, through perception, the functional correlation between metabolicmotor states and the states of the environment. Learning brings about a qualitative change in regard to adaptation, the most generic and simple form of optimization at an individual scale. It implies the idea of (...)
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  30. Jonathan D. Moreno (1991). Ethics Consultation as Moral Engagement. Bioethics 5 (1):44–56.score: 30.0
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  31. Adil E. Shamoo & Jonathan D. Moreno (2004). Ethics of Research Involving Mandatory Drug Testing of High School Athletes in Oregon. American Journal of Bioethics 4 (1):25 – 31.score: 30.0
    There is consensus that children have questionable decisional capacity and, therefore, in general a parent or a guardian must give permission to enroll a child in a research study. Moreover, freedom from duress and coercion, the cardinal rule in research involving adults, is even more important for children. This principle is embodied prominently in the Nuremberg Code (1947) and is embodied in various federal human research protection regulations. In a program named "SATURN" (Student Athletic Testing Using Random Notification), each school (...)
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  32. Alvaro Moreno, Alife Models as Epistemic Artefacts.score: 30.0
    Both the irreducible complexity of biological phenomena and the aim of a universalized biology (life-as-it-could-be) have lead to a deep methodological shift in the study of life; represented by the appearance of ALife, with its claim that computational modelling is the main tool for studying the general principles of biological phenomenology. However this methodological shift implies important questions concerning the aesthetic, engineering and specially the epistemological status of computational models in scientific research: halfway between the well established categories of theory (...)
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  33. Luis Fernández Moreno (2006). Cambios de Referencia: Kripke y Putnam (Changes of Reference: Kripke and Putnam). Crítica 38 (114):45 - 67.score: 30.0
    Una de las objeciones usualmente formuladas contra la teoría causal de la referencia es que ésta no puede dar cuenta de los cambios de referencia que nuestros términos pueden experimentar. El objetivo de este escrito es examinar la posición de dos de los más importantes promotores de la teoría causal de la referencia, Kripke y Putnam, acerca del cambio de referencia. /// One of the most usual objections put forward against the causal theory of reference is that it cannot account (...)
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  34. Luis Fernández Moreno (2011). The Semantics and Metaphysics of Natural Kinds. Theoria 26 (1):83-87.score: 30.0
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  35. Jonathan D. Moreno, Juicing the Brain.score: 30.0
    Physicians have long tinkered with ways to "improve" the human brain, but as our understanding of that organ's inner workings quickly grows, artificial enhancement is becoming more feasible. Military research is at the forefront of this work, much of it focused on drugs. The goal is to produce a better soldier, but the emerging techniques could just as easily be applied to any individual. The military wants to juice up personnel's brains because the human being is the weakest instrument of (...)
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  36. Jonathan D. Moreno (2008). Review of Francois Ansermet and Pierre Magistretti. Biology of Freedom: Neural Plasticity, Experience, and the Unconscious, Trans. Susan Fairfield. [REVIEW] American Journal of Bioethics 8 (5):36 – 37.score: 30.0
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  37. Alvaro Moreno, The Impact of the Paradigm of Complexity On the Foundational Frameworks of Biology and Cognitive Science.score: 30.0
    According to the traditional nomological-deductive methodology of physics and chemistry [Hempel and Oppenheim, 1948], explaining a phenomenon means subsuming it under a law. Logic becomes then the glue of explanation and laws the primary explainers. Thus, the scientific study of a system would consist in the development of a logically sound model of it, once the relevant observables (state variables) are identified and the general laws governing their change (expressed as differential equations, state transition rules, maximization/minimization principles,. . . ) (...)
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  38. Jonathan Moreno & Sam Berger (2006). Taking Stem Cells Seriously. American Journal of Bioethics 6 (5):6 – 7.score: 30.0
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  39. James F. Childress, Ruth R. Faden, Ruth D. Gaare, Lawrence O. Gostin, Jeffrey Kahn, Richard J. Bonnie, Nancy E. Kass, Anna C. Mastroianni, Jonathan D. Moreno & Phillip Nieburg (2002). Public Health Ethics: Mapping the Terrain. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 30 (2):170-178.score: 30.0
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  40. Jonathan D. Moreno (1992). Book Review:Deciding for Others: The Ethics of Surrogate Decision Making. Allen E. Buchanan, Dan W. Brock. [REVIEW] Ethics 103 (1):172-.score: 30.0
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  41. Jonathan D. Moreno (1988). Ethics by Committee: The Moral Authority of Consensus. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 13 (4):411-432.score: 30.0
    Consensus is commonly identified as the goal of ethics committee deliberation, but it is not clear what is morally authoritative about consensus. Various problems with the concept of an ethics committee in a health care institution are identified. The problem of consensus is placed in the context of the debate about realism in moral epistemology, and this is shown to be of interest for ethics committees. But further difficulties, such as the fact that consensus at one level of discourse need (...)
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  42. Roxana Cardenas & Carmen Moreno (2004). A Critical Reflection on Participative Planning for Regional Development. World Futures 60 (1 & 2):147 – 160.score: 30.0
    This article presents a description and a critical reflection of some methodological issues involved in a number of participative planning projects that have been carried out in several cities and/or communities in Mexico and other Latin-American countries since 1994. The projects involved the design of regional development plans based on a vision shared by the corresponding communities. The projects include the participation of a large number of people, representing the various sectors of the populations concerned as well as the leading (...)
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  43. Jonathan D. Moreno (1991). Consensus, Contracts, and Committees. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 16 (4):393-408.score: 30.0
    Following a brief account of the puzzle that ethics committees present for the Western Philosophical tradition, I will examine the possibility that social contract theory can contribute to a philosophical account of these committees. Passing through classical as well as contemporary theories, particularly Rawls' recent constructivist approach, I will argue that social contract theory places severe constraints on the authority that may legitimately be granted to ethics committees. This, I conclude, speaks more about the suitability of the theory to this (...)
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  44. Jonathan D. Moreno (2008). Embracing Military Medical Ethics. American Journal of Bioethics 8 (2):1 – 2.score: 30.0
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  45. Paul Moreno (2008). Organized Labor and American Law: From Freedom of Association to Compulsory Unionism. Social Philosophy and Policy 25 (2):22-52.score: 30.0
    Though most legal and labor historians have depicted an American labor movement that suffered from legal disabilities, American law has never denied organized labor's freedom of association. Quite the contrary, unions have always enjoyed at least some favoritism in the law, and this status provided the essential element to their success and power. But, even during the heyday of union power (1930–47), organized labor never succeeded in gaining all of the privileges that it sought, not enough to stem its current (...)
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  46. Antonio Moreno, Ulises Cortés & Ton Sales (2002). Subjective Situations and Logical Omniscience. Studia Logica 72 (1):7-29.score: 30.0
    The beliefs of the agents in a multi-agent system have been formally modelled in the last decades using doxastic logics. The possible worlds model and its associated Kripke semantics provide an intuitive semantics for these logics, but they commit us to model agents that are logically omniscient. We propose a way of avoiding this problem, using a new kind of entities called subjective situations. We define a new doxastic logic based on these entities and we show how the belief operators (...)
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  47. Jonathan D. Moreno (2004). The Natural History of Vulnerability. American Journal of Bioethics 4 (3):52 – 53.score: 30.0
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  48. Matteo Mossio & Alvaro Moreno, From Physics to Biology: Constraints, Closure and Organisation.score: 30.0
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  49. Paulo F. Alberto (1999). Notes on Eugenius of Toledo. Classical Quarterly 49 (01):304-314.score: 30.0
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  50. Julio Fernandez, Alvaro Moreno & Arantza Etxeberria (1991). Life as Emergence: The Roots of a New Paradigm in Theoretical Biology. World Futures 32 (2):133-149.score: 30.0
    (1991). Life as emergence: The roots of a new paradigm in theoretical biology. World Futures: Vol. 32, Creative Evolution in Nature, Mind, and Society, pp. 133-149.
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