Search results for 'Alistair McGuire' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Gavin Mooney & Alistair McGuire (1988). Economics and Medical Ethics in Health Care: An Economic Viewpoint. In Gavin H. Mooney & Alistair McGuire (eds.), Medical Ethics and Economics in Health Care. Oxford University Press 5--22.
     
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  2. Gavin H. Mooney & Alistair McGuire (eds.) (1988). Medical Ethics and Economics in Health Care. Oxford University Press.
    Providing health care in the most cost-effective way has become a priority in recent years. This book tackles the important issue of the potential conflict between economic expediency and the welfare of individual patients. Contributors examine different attitudes to this complex problem, along with a variety of legal and historical perspectives. The book addresses particular aspects of health care, such as medical expert systems, general practice, medical education, and clinical decision-making where the direct involvement of doctors in allocating scarce and (...)
     
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  3.  27
    John Michael McGuire (2003). Davidson on Metaphorical Meaning: A Reply to Stainton. Dialogue 42 (02):355-.
    That the central thesis of Donald Davidson’s classic article on metaphor “What Metaphor Means” (WMM) is ambiguous between a weak and a strong interpretation is the primary claim that I sought to establish in my article “Sentence Meaning, Speaker Meaning, and Davidson’s Denial of Metaphorical Meaning.” In addition to this, I argued that the weak claim is trivially true and the strong claim is obviously false. Therefore, I concluded that when the central thesis of WMM is disambiguated, it is insignificant. (...)
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  4. Lee Trepanier & Steven F. Mcguire (eds.) (2011). Eric Voegelin and the Continental Tradition: Explorations in Modern Political Thought. University of Missouri.
    Twentieth-century political philosopher Eric Voegelin is best known as a severe critic of modernity. Much of his work argues that modernity is a Gnostic revolt against the fundamental structure of reality. For Voegelin, “Gnosticism” is the belief that human beings can transform the nature of reality through secret knowledge and social action, and he considered it the crux of the crisis of modernity. As Voegelin struggled with this crisis throughout his career, he never wavered in his judgment that philosophers of (...)
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  5.  36
    Jean McGuire, Sandra Dow & Kamal Argheyd (2003). CEO Incentives and Corporate Social Performance. Journal of Business Ethics 45 (4):341 - 359.
    This paper examines the relationship between CEO incentives and strong and weak corporate social performance. Using the KLD database we find that incentives have no significant relationship with strong social performance. Salary and long-term incentives have a positive association with weak social performance.
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  6.  17
    Geoffrey Beattie & Laura McGuire (2016). Consumption and Climate Change: Why We Say One Thing but Do Another in the Face of Our Greatest Threat. Semiotica 2016 (213):493-538.
    Name der Zeitschrift: Semiotica Jahrgang: 2016 Heft: 213 Seiten: 493-538.
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  7.  3
    Amy McGuire, Christina Diaz, Tao Wang & Susan Hilsenbeck (2009). Social Networkers' Attitudes Toward Direct-to-Consumer Personal Genome Testing. American Journal of Bioethics 9 (6):3-10.
    Purpose: This study explores social networkers' interest in and attitudes toward personal genome testing (PGT), focusing on expectations related to the clinical integration of PGT results. Methods: An online survey of 1,087 social networking users was conducted to assess 1) use and interest in PGT; 2) attitudes toward PGT companies and test results; and 3) expectations for the clinical integration of PGT. Descriptive statistics were calculated to summarize respondents' characteristics and responses. Results: Six percent of respondents have used PGT, 64% (...)
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  8.  42
    John McGuire (2016). Can One Decide to Do Something Without Forming an Intention to Do It? Analysis 76 (3):269-278.
    According to the received view of practical decisions, ‘deciding to X’ is synonymous with ‘forming an intention to X’. In this article, I argue against the received view on the basis of both experimental evidence and theoretical considerations. The evidence concerns a case involving a side-effect action in which people tend to agree that an agent decided to X yet disagree that the agent had a corresponding intention to X. Additionally, I explain why one should expect decisions and intentions to (...)
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  9.  7
    Margaret Lindorff, Elizabeth Prior Jonson & Linda McGuire (2012). Strategic Corporate Social Responsibility in Controversial Industry Sectors: The Social Value of Harm Minimisation. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 110 (4):457 - 467.
    This paper examines how it is possible for firms in controversial sectors, which are often marked by social taboos and moral debates, to act in socially responsible ways, and whether a firm can be socially responsible if it produces products harmful to society or individuals. It contends that a utilitarian justification can be used to support the legal and regulated provision of goods and services in these areas, and the regulated and legal provision of these areas produces less harm than (...)
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  10.  9
    J. E. McGuire (2006). Existence, Actuality and Necessity: Newton on Space and Time. Annals of Science 35 (5):463-508.
    This study considers Newton's views on space and time with respect to some important ontologies of substance in his period. Specifically, it deals in a philosophico-historical manner with his conception of substance, attribute, existence, to actuality and necessity. I show how Newton links these “features” of things to his conception of God's existence with respect of infinite space and time. Moreover, I argue that his ontology of space and time cannot be understood without fully appreciating how it relates to the (...)
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  11. Elise Fenn, Mollie McGuire, Sara Langben & Iris Blandón-Gitlin (2015). A Reverse Order Interview Does Not Aid Deception Detection Regarding Intentions. Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  12.  10
    J. E. McGuire & Edward Slowik (2012). Newton's Ontology of Omnipresence and Infinite Space. Oxford Studies in Early Modern Philosophy 6.
    This essay explores the role of God’s omnipresence in Newton’s natural philosophy, with special emphasis placed on how God is related to space. Unlike Descartes’ conception, which denies the spatiality of God, or Gassendi and Charleton’s view, which regards God as completely whole in every part of space, it is argued that Newton accepts spatial extension as a basic aspect of God’s omnipresence. The historical background to Newton’s spatial ontology assumes a large part of our investigation, but with attention also (...)
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  13. J. E. McGuire (2007). A Dialogue with Descartes: Newton's Ontology of True and Immutable Natures. Journal of the History of Philosophy 45 (1):103-125.
    : This article is concerned with Newton's appropriation of Descartes' ontology of true and immutable natures in developing his theory of infinitely extended space. It contends that unless the part played by the Platonic distinction between "being a nature" and "having a nature" in Newton's thinking is properly appreciated the foundation of his doctrine of space in relation to God will not be fully understood. It also contends that Newton's Platonism is consistent with his empiricism once the mediating role is (...)
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  14.  27
    Elizabeth Prior Jonson, Margaret Lindorff & Linda McGuire (2012). Paternalism and the Pokies: Unjustified State Interference or Justifiable Intervention? [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 110 (3):259-268.
    The Australian Productivity Commission and a Joint Select Committee on Gambling Reform have recommended implementation of a mandatory pre-commitment system for electronic gambling. Organizations associated with the gambling industry have protested that such interventions reduce individual rights, and will cause a reduction in revenue which will cost jobs and reduce gaming venue support for local communities. This article is not concerned with the design details or the evidence base of the proposed scheme, but rather with the fundamental criticism that a (...)
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  15.  14
    Jean McGuire, Lois Wright Morton & Alicia D. Cast (2013). Reconstructing the Good Farmer Identity: Shifts in Farmer Identities and Farm Management Practices to Improve Water Quality. [REVIEW] Agriculture and Human Values 30 (1):57-69.
    All farmers have their own version of what it means to be a good farmer. For many US farmers a large portion of their identity is defined by the high input, high output production systems they manage to produce food, fiber or fuel. However, the unintended consequences of highly productivist systems are often increased soil erosion and the pollution of ground and surface water. A large number of farmers have conservationist identities within their good farmer identity, however their conservation goals (...)
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  16.  16
    Joseph Solberg, Kelly C. Strong & Charles McGuire (1995). Living (Not Learning) Ethics. Journal of Business Ethics 14 (1):71 - 81.
    Much has been written recently about both the urgency and efficacy of teaching business ethics. The results of our survey of AACSB member schools confirm prior reports of similar surveys: The teaching of business ethics is indiscriminate, unorganized, and undisciplined in most North American schools of business. If universities are to be taken seriously in their efforts to create more ethical awareness and better moral decision-making skills among their graduates, they must provide a rigorous and well-developed system in which students (...)
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  17.  22
    Peter Machamer, J. E. Mcguire & Hylarie Kochiras (2012). Newton and the Mechanical Philosophy: Gravitation as the Balance of the Heavens. Southern Journal of Philosophy 50 (3):370-388.
    We argue that Isaac Newton really is best understood as being in the tradition of the Mechanical Philosophy and, further, that Newton saw himself as being in this tradition. But the tradition as Newton understands it is not that of Robert Boyle and many others, for whom the Mechanical Philosophy was defined by contact action and a corpuscularean theory of matter. Instead, as we argue in this paper, Newton interpreted and extended the Mechanical Philosophy's slogan “matter and motion” in reference (...)
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  18.  12
    J. T. McGuire & J. W. Kable (2012). Decision Makers Calibrate Behavioral Persistence on the Basis of Time-Interval Experience. Cognition 124 (2):216-226.
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  19. Wouter Kool, Joseph T. McGuire, Zev B. Rosen & Matthew M. Botvinick (2010). Decision Making and the Avoidance of Cognitive Demand. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 139 (4):665-682.
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  20.  11
    J. E. McGuire (2000). Science Unfettered: A Philosophical Study in Sociohistorical Ontology. Ohio University Press.
    As a result, the works of Popper, Kuhn, Quine, and Lakatos, as well as Heidegger, Gadamer, Nietzsche, Foucault, and Feyerabend, are called into play.
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  21.  1
    Elizabeth Gould, Mark Jonas, J. A. Rice, Michael Vastola, Anne McGuire, Rod Michalko, Melissa Vick, Carissa Martinez, Ruyu Hung & Andrew Stables (2011). Notes on Contributors_756 204. Educational Philosophy and Theory 43 (2).
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  22.  89
    John Michael McGuire (2001). Sentence Meaning, Speaker Meaning, and Davidson's Denial of Metaphorical Meaning. Dialogue 40 (03):443-.
  23.  12
    Rachel Baumsteiger, Tiffany Chenneville & Joseph F. McGuire (2013). The Roles of Religiosity and Spirituality in Moral Reasoning. Ethics and Behavior 23 (4):266-277.
    To better understand the influence of religiosity and spirituality on moral reasoning, 1,037 college students completed a survey including demographic questions, a religiosity measure, a spirituality measure, and Forsyth's Ethical Position Questionnaire. Religiosity and spirituality positively correlated with moral idealism, whereas spirituality negatively correlated with moral relativism. However, religiosity and spirituality accounted for a very little variability in moral reasoning, suggesting that they do not directly influence moral reasoning. In addition, female participants reported higher spirituality, but there were no gender (...)
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  24.  7
    John McGuire (2016). Can One Decide to Do Something Without Forming an Intention to Do It? Analysis 76 (3):269-278.
    According to the received view of practical decisions, ‘deciding to X’ is synonymous with ‘forming an intention to X’. In this article, I argue against the received view on the basis of both experimental evidence and theoretical considerations. The evidence concerns a case involving a side-effect action in which people tend to agree that an agent decided to X yet disagree that the agent had a corresponding intention to X. Additionally, I explain why one should expect decisions and intentions to (...)
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  25.  17
    Christen Rachul, Amy McGuire & Timothy Caulfield (2012). Public Perceptions and Biobanking: What Does the Research Really Say? Studies in Ethics, Law, and Technology 6 (1).
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  26.  2
    Laurence McCullough, Amy McGuire & Simon Whitney (2007). Consent: Informed, Simple, Implied and Presumed. American Journal of Bioethics 7 (12):49-50.
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  27. Joseph T. McGuire & Joseph W. Kable (2013). Rational Temporal Predictions Can Underlie Apparent Failures to Delay Gratification. Psychological Review 120 (2):395-410.
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  28. James E. McGuire (1976). 'Labyrinthus Continui': Leibniz on Substance, Activity, and Matter. In Peter K. Machamer & Robert G. Turnbull (eds.), Motion and Time, Space and Matter. Ohio State University Press 290--326.
     
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  29.  16
    Melody J. Slashinski, Sheryl A. McCurdy, Laura S. Achenbaum, Simon N. Whitney & Amy L. McGuire (2012). “Snake-Oil,” “Quack Medicine,” and “Industrially Cultured Organisms:” Biovalue and the Commercialization of Human Microbiome Research. [REVIEW] BMC Medical Ethics 13 (1):28-.
    Background Continued advances in human microbiome research and technologies raise a number of ethical, legal, and social challenges. These challenges are associated not only with the conduct of the research, but also with broader implications, such as the production and distribution of commercial products promising maintenance or restoration of good physical health and disease prevention. In this article, we document several ethical, legal, and social challenges associated with the commercialization of human microbiome research, focusing particularly on how this research is (...)
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  30.  36
    Valery Yakubovich, Mark Granovetter & Patrick Mcguire (2005). Electric Charges: The Social Construction of Rate Systems. Theory and Society 34 (5-6):579-612.
  31.  4
    J. E. Mcguire (1972). Boyle's Conception of Nature. Journal of the History of Ideas 33 (4):523.
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  32.  5
    Margaret Lindorff, Elizabeth Prior Jonson & Linda McGuire (2012). Strategic Corporate Social Responsibility in Controversial Industry Sectors: The Social Value of Harm Minimisation. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 110 (4):457-467.
    This paper examines how it is possible for firms in controversial sectors, which are often marked by social taboos and moral debates, to act in socially responsible ways, and whether a firm can be socially responsible if it produces products harmful to society or individuals. It contends that a utilitarian justification can be used to support the legal and regulated provision of goods and services in these areas, and the regulated and legal provision of these areas produces less harm than (...)
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  33.  5
    J. E. Mcguire (1978). Newton on Place, Time, and God: An Unpublished Source. British Journal for the History of Science 11 (2):114-129.
    Manuscript Add. 3965, section 13, folios 541r–542r and 545r–546r is in the Portsmouth Collection of manuscripts and housed in the University Library, Cambridge. These drafts contain a careful account, in Newton's hand, of his views on place, time, and God. They are part of a large number of drafts relating to the three official editions of the Principia published in Newton's lifetime.
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  34. J. E. McGuire (2000). The Fate of the Date: The Theology of Newton's Principia Revised. In Margaret J. Osler (ed.), Rethinking the Scientific Revolution. Cambridge University Press 271--96.
     
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  35. J. E. McGuire (1992). Scientific Change: Perspectives and Proposals. In Merrilee H. Salmon (ed.), Introduction to the Philosophy of Science. Hackett Pub. 132--178.
     
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  36.  27
    Owen B. McGuire (1937). The Basque Nationalists. Thought: A Journal of Philosophy 12 (2):283-300.
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  37.  27
    Martin R. P. McGuire (1946). Springs of Hellas and Other Essays. Thought: A Journal of Philosophy 21 (4):711-712.
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  38.  30
    J. E. McGuire (1970). Atoms and the 'Analogy of Nature': Newton's Third Rule of Philosophizing. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 1 (1):3-58.
  39.  20
    John McGuire (2016). Two Rawls Don't Make a Right: On Rainer Forst and the New Normativity. Constellations 23 (1):110-121.
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  40.  2
    Amy L. McGuire & Richard A. Gibbs (2006). Currents in Contemporary Ethics. Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 34 (4):809-812.
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  41. Anne E. McGuire & Rod Michalko (2011). Minds Between Us: Autism, Mindblindness and the Uncertainty of Communication. Educational Philosophy and Theory 43 (2):162-177.
    This paper problematizes contemporary cultural understandings of autism. We make use of the developmental psychology concepts of ‘Theory of Mind’ and ‘mindblindness’ to uncover the meaning of autism as expressed in these concepts. Our concern is that autism is depicted as a puzzle and that this depiction governs not only the way Western culture treats autism but also the way in which it governs everyday interactions with autistic people. Moreover, we show how the concepts of Theory of Mind and mindblindness (...)
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  42.  4
    Wendy McGuire (2016). Cross-Field Effects of Science Policy on the Biosciences: Using Bourdieu’s Relational Methodology to Understand Change. Minerva 54 (3):325-351.
    This paper is based on a study that explored the responses of bioscientists to changes in national science policy and research funding in Canada. In the late 1990s, a range of new science policies and funding initiatives were implemented, linking research funding to Canada’s competitiveness in the ‘global knowledge economy’. Bourdieu’s theory of practice is used to explore the multi-scalar, cross-field effects of global economic policy and national science policy on scientific practice. While most science and educational policy studies use (...)
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  43. J. E. Mcguire (1995). Tradition and Innovation Newton's Metaphysics of Nature.
     
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  44.  50
    John Michael McGuire (2012). Side-Effect Actions, Acting for a Reason, and Acting Intentionally. Philosophical Explorations 15 (3):317 - 333.
    What is the relation between acting intentionally and acting for a reason? While this question has generated a considerable amount of debate in the philosophy of action, on one point there has been a virtual consensus: actions performed for a reason are necessarily intentional. Recently, this consensus has been challenged by Joshua Knobe and Sean Kelly, who argue against it on the basis of empirical evidence concerning the ways in which ordinary speakers of the English language describe and explain certain (...)
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  45.  18
    J. E. McGuire (1983). Certain Philosophical Questions: Newton's Trinity Notebook. Cambridge University Press.
    Isaac Newton wrote the manuscript Questiones quaedam philosophicae at the very beginning of his scientific career. This small notebook thus affords rare insight into the beginnings of Newton's thought and the foundations of his subsequent intellectual development. The Questiones contains a series of entries in Newton's hand that range over many topics in science, philosophy, psychology, theology, and the foundations of mathematics. These notes, written in English, provide a very detailed picture of Newton's early interests, and record his critical appraisal (...)
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  46.  1
    Jacob Glazer & Thomas G. McGuire (2001). Private Employers Don't Need Formal Risk Adjustment. Inquiry 38 (3):260-269.
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  47.  1
    Patricia Seliger Keenan, Melinda J. Beeuwkes Buntin, Thomas G. McGuire & Joseph P. Newhouse (2001). The Prevalence of Formal Risk Adjustment in Health Plan Purchasing. Inquiry 38 (3):245-259.
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  48. J. Glazer & T. G. McGuire (2001). Private Employers and Risk Adjustment: An Overview. Inquiry 38 (3):260-269.
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  49.  45
    John Michael McGuire (2007). Malapropisms and Davidson's Theories of Literal Meaning. The Proceedings of the Twenty-First World Congress of Philosophy 6:93-97.
    In this paper I show that two conflicting theories of literal meaning can be found in Donald Davidson's philosophy of language. In his earlier writings, Davidson espoused the common sense idea that words have literal meanings independently of particular contexts of use. In his later writings, however, Davidson insisted that the literal meaning of a word is a function of the speaker's intentions in using it, from which it follows that words do not have literal meanings independently of particular contexts. (...)
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  50.  1
    Margarita Alegría, Zhun Cao, Thomas G. McGuire, Victoria D. Ojeda, Bill Sribney, Meghan Woo & David Takeuchi (2006). Health Insurance Coverage for Vulnerable Populations: Contrasting Asian Americans and Latinos in the United States. Inquiry 43 (3):231-254.
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