Search results for 'Alistair McGuire' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Gavin Mooney & Alistair McGuire (1988). Economics and Medical Ethics in Health Care: An Economic Viewpoint. In Gavin H. Mooney & Alistair McGuire (eds.), Medical Ethics and Economics in Health Care. Oxford University Press. 5--22.score: 240.0
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  2. Gavin H. Mooney & Alistair McGuire (eds.) (1988). Medical Ethics and Economics in Health Care. Oxford University Press.score: 240.0
    Providing health care in the most cost-effective way has become a priority in recent years. This book tackles the important issue of the potential conflict between economic expediency and the welfare of individual patients. Contributors examine different attitudes to this complex problem, along with a variety of legal and historical perspectives. The book addresses particular aspects of health care, such as medical expert systems, general practice, medical education, and clinical decision-making where the direct involvement of doctors in allocating scarce and (...)
     
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  3. John Michael McGuire (2003). Davidson on Metaphorical Meaning: A Reply to Stainton. Dialogue 42 (02):355-.score: 60.0
    That the central thesis of Donald Davidson’s classic article on metaphor “What Metaphor Means” (WMM) is ambiguous between a weak and a strong interpretation is the primary claim that I sought to establish in my article “Sentence Meaning, Speaker Meaning, and Davidson’s Denial of Metaphorical Meaning.” In addition to this, I argued that the weak claim is trivially true and the strong claim is obviously false. Therefore, I concluded that when the central thesis of WMM is disambiguated, it is insignificant. (...)
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  4. Anne E. McGuire & Rod Michalko (2011). Minds Between Us: Autism, Mindblindness and the Uncertainty of Communication. Educational Philosophy and Theory 43 (2):162-177.score: 30.0
    This paper problematizes contemporary cultural understandings of autism. We make use of the developmental psychology concepts of ‘Theory of Mind’ and ‘mindblindness’ to uncover the meaning of autism as expressed in these concepts. Our concern is that autism is depicted as a puzzle and that this depiction governs not only the way Western culture treats autism but also the way in which it governs everyday interactions with autistic people. Moreover, we show how the concepts of Theory of Mind and mindblindness (...)
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  5. John Michael McGuire (2001). Sentence Meaning, Speaker Meaning, and Davidson's Denial of Metaphorical Meaning. Dialogue 40 (03):443-.score: 30.0
  6. J. E. McGuire (2007). A Dialogue with Descartes: Newton's Ontology of True and Immutable Natures. Journal of the History of Philosophy 45 (1):103-125.score: 30.0
    : This article is concerned with Newton's appropriation of Descartes' ontology of true and immutable natures in developing his theory of infinitely extended space. It contends that unless the part played by the Platonic distinction between "being a nature" and "having a nature" in Newton's thinking is properly appreciated the foundation of his doctrine of space in relation to God will not be fully understood. It also contends that Newton's Platonism is consistent with his empiricism once the mediating role is (...)
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  7. John Michael McGuire (2012). Side-Effect Actions, Acting for a Reason, and Acting Intentionally. Philosophical Explorations 15 (3):317 - 333.score: 30.0
    What is the relation between acting intentionally and acting for a reason? While this question has generated a considerable amount of debate in the philosophy of action, on one point there has been a virtual consensus: actions performed for a reason are necessarily intentional. Recently, this consensus has been challenged by Joshua Knobe and Sean Kelly, who argue against it on the basis of empirical evidence concerning the ways in which ordinary speakers of the English language describe and explain certain (...)
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  8. John Michael McGuire (2007). Actions, Reasons, and Intentions: Overcoming Davidson's Ontological Prejudice. Dialogue 46 (3):459-479.score: 30.0
    This article defends the idea that causal relations between reasons and actions are wholly irrelevant to the explanatory efficacy of reason-explanations. The analysis of reason-explanations provided in this article shows that the so-called “problem of explanatory force” is solved, not by putative causal relations between the reasons for which agents act and their actions, but rather by the intentions that agents necessarily have when they act for a reason. Additionally, the article provides a critique of the principal source of support (...)
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  9. Jean McGuire, Sandra Dow & Kamal Argheyd (2003). CEO Incentives and Corporate Social Performance. Journal of Business Ethics 45 (4):341 - 359.score: 30.0
    This paper examines the relationship between CEO incentives and strong and weak corporate social performance. Using the KLD database we find that incentives have no significant relationship with strong social performance. Salary and long-term incentives have a positive association with weak social performance.
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  10. John Michael Mcguire (2004). Davidson on Meaning and Metaphor: Reply to Rahat. Philosophia 31 (3-4):543-556.score: 30.0
    In 1978 Donald Davidson published an article entitled “What Metaphors Mean” (WMM), in which he championed the idea that “metaphors mean what the words, in their most literal interpretation, mean, and nothing more.” In 1986 Davidson published a somewhat related article entitled “ A Nice Derangement of Epitaphs” (NDE), in which he defended a unique and controversial theory of literal meaning according to which the literal meaning of an expression is determined by the speaker’s first intention in uttering it. Both (...)
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  11. Elizabeth Prior Jonson, Margaret Lindorff & Linda McGuire (2012). Paternalism and the Pokies: Unjustified State Interference or Justifiable Intervention? [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 110 (3):259-268.score: 30.0
    The Australian Productivity Commission and a Joint Select Committee on Gambling Reform have recommended implementation of a mandatory pre-commitment system for electronic gambling. Organizations associated with the gambling industry have protested that such interventions reduce individual rights, and will cause a reduction in revenue which will cost jobs and reduce gaming venue support for local communities. This article is not concerned with the design details or the evidence base of the proposed scheme, but rather with the fundamental criticism that a (...)
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  12. J. E. McGuire (1970). Atoms and the 'Analogy of Nature': Newton's Third Rule of Philosophizing. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 1 (1):3-58.score: 30.0
  13. John Michael McGuire (2007). Malapropisms and Davidson's Theories of Literal Meaning. The Proceedings of the Twenty-First World Congress of Philosophy 6:93-97.score: 30.0
    In this paper I show that two conflicting theories of literal meaning can be found in Donald Davidson's philosophy of language. In his earlier writings, Davidson espoused the common sense idea that words have literal meanings independently of particular contexts of use. In his later writings, however, Davidson insisted that the literal meaning of a word is a function of the speaker's intentions in using it, from which it follows that words do not have literal meanings independently of particular contexts. (...)
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  14. Lawrence Scahill, Mary Solanto & Joseph McGuire (2008). The Science and Ethics of Placebo in Pediatric Psychopharmacology. Ethics and Behavior 18 (2 & 3):266 – 285.score: 30.0
    Pediatric psychopharmacology is a relatively new science. Although the use of psychotropic medications in children has risen in the past decade, there are few standard treatments for serious psychiatric or developmental disorders of childhood. The relative absence of standard treatments is further complicated by the fact that many of the agents used in pediatric psychopharmacology have been adapted from other fields. Therefore, investigators have a responsibility to make incremental progress from concept through pilot studies and large-scale, multisite efficacy and safety (...)
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  15. Richard A. A. Kanaan & Philip K. McGuire (2012). Conceptual Challenges in the Neuroimaging of Psychiatric Disorders. Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 18 (4):323-332.score: 30.0
    The brain scanner is a piece of philosophical fiction made fact. It was among the most common creations of thought experiments, along with the brain-vat and the mindless robot. With the imaginary scanner, readings were taken of each other's brain activity, thereby learning everything about other minds, or very little, depending on the outcome of the thought experiment. The scanners that are now in use—those that allow us to do functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), for example—are a little different to (...)
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  16. John McGuire (2001). Film Column. Philosophy Now 32:48-50.score: 30.0
    This article discusses some of the philosophical themes in the Hollywood film "The Truman Show." I argue that the film presents and interesting twist on the traditional philosophical problem of skepticism. Whereas Descartes' skeptical worries were based on the deceptive nature of sense perception, the source of illusion and skepticism in the Truman Show is the modern media system and "reality TV." This engaging film compels viewers to reflect upon the extent to which we are all ensnared in a world (...)
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  17. Peter Machamer, J. E. Mcguire & Hylarie Kochiras (2012). Newton and the Mechanical Philosophy: Gravitation as the Balance of the Heavens. Southern Journal of Philosophy 50 (3):370-388.score: 30.0
    We argue that Isaac Newton really is best understood as being in the tradition of the Mechanical Philosophy and, further, that Newton saw himself as being in this tradition. But the tradition as Newton understands it is not that of Robert Boyle and many others, for whom the Mechanical Philosophy was defined by contact action and a corpuscularean theory of matter. Instead, as we argue in this paper, Newton interpreted and extended the Mechanical Philosophy's slogan “matter and motion” in reference (...)
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  18. J. E. McGuire (1983). Certain Philosophical Questions: Newton's Trinity Notebook. Cambridge University Press.score: 30.0
    Isaac Newton wrote the manuscript Questiones quaedam philosophicae at the very beginning of his scientific career. This small notebook thus affords rare insight into the beginnings of Newton's thought and the foundations of his subsequent intellectual development. The Questiones contains a series of entries in Newton's hand that range over many topics in science, philosophy, psychology, theology, and the foundations of mathematics. These notes, written in English, provide a very detailed picture of Newton's early interests, and record his critical appraisal (...)
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  19. J. E. McGuire (2000). Science Unfettered: A Philosophical Study in Sociohistorical Ontology. Ohio University Press.score: 30.0
    As a result, the works of Popper, Kuhn, Quine, and Lakatos, as well as Heidegger, Gadamer, Nietzsche, Foucault, and Feyerabend, are called into play.
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  20. M. C. McGuire (1961). Can I Do What I Think I Ought Not? Where has Hare Gone Wrong? Mind 70 (279):400-404.score: 30.0
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  21. Josh McGuire (2009). Ethical Considerations When Working with Older Adults in Psychology. Ethics and Behavior 19 (2):112 – 128.score: 30.0
    The growing number of older adults in America will result in an increasing demand for psychotherapists familiar with their psychological needs. To treat this population in an ethical manner, practitioners need to be aware of the unique characteristics of the aging process, especially in regards to age-related vulnerabilities, such as cognitive decline. Unfortunately, recent research has shown that those currently in practice do not have sufficient knowledge of the aging process and age specific issues of older adults. To address these (...)
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  22. Steven McGuire (1979). Interpretive Sociology and Paul Ricoeur. Human Studies 4 (1):179 - 200.score: 30.0
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  23. M. C. McGuire (1961). Decisions, Resolutions and Moral Conduct. Philosophical Quarterly 11 (42):61-67.score: 30.0
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  24. Brigitte McGuire (2000). Herméneutique, esthétique, philosophie pratique. Dialogue avec Hans-Georg Gadamer Carsten Dutt traduit de l'allemand Par Donald Ipperciel saint-Laurent, éditions fides, 1998, 133 P. [REVIEW] Dialogue 39 (03):623-.score: 30.0
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  25. Brigitte McGuire (2002). La Légèreté de L'Être. Études Sur Malebranche Bruno Pinchard, Directeur de la Publication Collection «Bibliothèque d'Histoire de la Philosophie» Paris, Librairie Philosophique J. Vrin 1998, 288 P. [REVIEW] Dialogue 41 (03):611-.score: 30.0
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  26. J. E. Mcguire & Barbara Tuchanska (2002). More Fetters to Unfetter: A Reply to Depew and Schmaus. Social Epistemology 16 (4):399 – 409.score: 30.0
    This is a response to two reviews of our book "Science Unfettered: A Philosophical Study of Sociohistorical Ontology." We clarify the relationship between the ontological and the ontic, the key phrases: 'being-in-the-world,' the 'facticity' of human existence. We show where the sources of reviewers misunderstandings lie.
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  27. James Bogen & J. E. McGuire (1986). Aristotle's Great Clock. Philosophy Research Archives 12:387-448.score: 30.0
    This paper offers a detailed account of arguments in De Caelo I by which Aristotle tried to demonstrate the necessity of the perpetual existence and the perpetual rotation of the cosmos. On our interpretation, Aristotle’s arguments are naturalistic. Instead of being based (as many have thought) on rules of logic and language, they depend, we argue, on natural science theories about abilities (δυνάμεις), e.g., to move and to change, which things have by nature and about the conditions under which these (...)
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  28. John McGuire (2002). Kant's Theory of Taste: A Reading of the Critique of Aesthetic Judgment. Graduate Faculty Philosophy Journal 23 (2):242-245.score: 30.0
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  29. Melody J. Slashinski, Sheryl A. McCurdy, Laura S. Achenbaum, Simon N. Whitney & Amy L. McGuire (2012). “Snake-Oil,” “Quack Medicine,” and “Industrially Cultured Organisms:” Biovalue and the Commercialization of Human Microbiome Research. [REVIEW] BMC Medical Ethics 13 (1):28-.score: 30.0
    Background Continued advances in human microbiome research and technologies raise a number of ethical, legal, and social challenges. These challenges are associated not only with the conduct of the research, but also with broader implications, such as the production and distribution of commercial products promising maintenance or restoration of good physical health and disease prevention. In this article, we document several ethical, legal, and social challenges associated with the commercialization of human microbiome research, focusing particularly on how this research is (...)
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  30. Amy McGuire (2002). Clearing the Mist. American Journal of Bioethics 2 (4):1-2.score: 30.0
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  31. Martin C. McGuire (1963). On Conscience. Journal of Philosophy 60 (10):253-263.score: 30.0
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  32. Martin C. McGuire (1985). The Calculus of Moral Obligation. Ethics 95 (2):199-223.score: 30.0
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  33. Joseph Solberg, Kelly C. Strong & Charles McGuire (1995). Living (Not Learning) Ethics. Journal of Business Ethics 14 (1):71 - 81.score: 30.0
    Much has been written recently about both the urgency and efficacy of teaching business ethics. The results of our survey of AACSB member schools confirm prior reports of similar surveys: The teaching of business ethics is indiscriminate, unorganized, and undisciplined in most North American schools of business. If universities are to be taken seriously in their efforts to create more ethical awareness and better moral decision-making skills among their graduates, they must provide a rigorous and well-developed system in which students (...)
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  34. Rachel Baumsteiger, Tiffany Chenneville & Joseph F. McGuire (2013). The Roles of Religiosity and Spirituality in Moral Reasoning. Ethics and Behavior 23 (4):266-277.score: 30.0
    To better understand the influence of religiosity and spirituality on moral reasoning, 1,037 college students completed a survey including demographic questions, a religiosity measure, a spirituality measure, and Forsyth's Ethical Position Questionnaire. Religiosity and spirituality positively correlated with moral idealism, whereas spirituality negatively correlated with moral relativism. However, religiosity and spirituality accounted for a very little variability in moral reasoning, suggesting that they do not directly influence moral reasoning. In addition, female participants reported higher spirituality, but there were no gender (...)
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  35. A. Costello, M. Abbas, A. Allen, S. Ball, S. Bell, R. Bellamy, S. Friel, N. Groce, A. Johnson, M. Kett, M. Lee, C. Levy, M. Maslin, D. McCoy, B. McGuire, H. Montgomery, D. Napier, C. Pagel, J. Patel, J. Oliveira, N. Redclift, H. Rees, D. Rogger, J. Scott, J. Stephenson, J. Twigg, J. Wolff & C. Patterson, Managing the Health Effects of Climate.score: 30.0
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  36. Cynthia Marietta & Amy L. McGuire (2009). Currents in Contemporary Ethics. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 37 (2):369-374.score: 30.0
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  37. J. E. McGuire & Stephen K. Strange (1988). An Annotated Translation of Plotinus Ennead III 7: On Eternity and Time. Ancient Philosophy 8 (2):251-271.score: 30.0
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  38. Kim McGuire & Michael Salter, 'Issues and Challenges in the Application of Husserlian Phenomenology.score: 30.0
    The field of hate crime research addresses the presence, sources and impact of particular types of expressions of prejudice, often perceived as particularly damaging and hurtful forms of interpersonal abuse and violence. Little, if any, credible academic research seeks to vindicate the specific racist, gendered and other vicious prejudices articulated by many perpetrators of hate crime. In turn, this raises the reflexive question of the possibilities of researchers themselves ever being able to adopt a truly "unprejudiced" approach to the presence (...)
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  39. Amy L. McGuire & Laurence B. McCullough (2005). Respect as an Organizing Normative Category for Research Ethics. American Journal of Bioethics 5 (1):W1 – W2.score: 30.0
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  40. Amy McGuire, Christina Diaz, Tao Wang & Susan Hilsenbeck (2009). Social Networkers' Attitudes Toward Direct-to-Consumer Personal Genome Testing. American Journal of Bioethics 9 (6):3-10.score: 30.0
    Purpose: This study explores social networkers' interest in and attitudes toward personal genome testing (PGT), focusing on expectations related to the clinical integration of PGT results. Methods: An online survey of 1,087 social networking users was conducted to assess 1) use and interest in PGT; 2) attitudes toward PGT companies and test results; and 3) expectations for the clinical integration of PGT. Descriptive statistics were calculated to summarize respondents' characteristics and responses. Results: Six percent of respondents have used PGT, 64% (...)
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  41. Elizabeth-Jane Pavlick McGuire (2009). “The Tracks of Some Unearthly Friend”. Newman Studies Journal 6 (2):5-14.score: 30.0
    John Henry Newman had a fascination with the angels, as evidenced by three of his published poems, a passage devoted to angels in his Apologia pro Vita Sua, as well as sermons on the angels. Surprisingly, Newman’s interest in angels has not attracted much scholarly attention. After examining some of Newman’s writings that touch upon angels, this essay suggests that Newman’s Romantic and Evangelical background prepared him for his reading of the Fathers in 1828, which in turn influenced his consideration (...)
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  42. Wendy L. McGuire (2005). Beyond EBM: New Directions for Evidence-Based Public Health. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 48 (4):557-569.score: 30.0
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  43. Geoffrey Beattie, Laura Sale & Laura Mcguire (2011). An Inconvenient Truth? Can a Film Really Affect Psychological Mood and Our Explicit Attitudes Towards Climate Change? Semiotica 2011 (187):105-125.score: 30.0
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  44. Richard Aa Kanaan & Philip K. McGuire (2011). Challenges for Psychiatric Neuroimaging: The Case of Conversion Disorder. Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 18 (4):345-348.score: 30.0
  45. Neil Levy & Jonathan Mcguire (2012). Cognitive Enhancement and Intuitive Dualism Testing a Possible Link. In Robyn Langdon & Catriona Mackenzie (eds.), Emotions, Imagination, and Moral Reasoning. Psychology Press. 171.score: 30.0
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  46. Margaret Lindorff, Elizabeth Prior Jonson & Linda McGuire (2012). Strategic Corporate Social Responsibility in Controversial Industry Sectors: The Social Value of Harm Minimisation. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 110 (4):457-467.score: 30.0
    This paper examines how it is possible for firms in controversial sectors, which are often marked by social taboos and moral debates, to act in socially responsible ways, and whether a firm can be socially responsible if it produces products harmful to society or individuals. It contends that a utilitarian justification can be used to support the legal and regulated provision of goods and services in these areas, and the regulated and legal provision of these areas produces less harm than (...)
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  47. Peter K. Machamer, James E. McGuire & Justin Sytsma (2005). Knowing Causes: Descartes on the World of Matter. Philosophica 76.score: 30.0
    In this essay, we discuss how Descartes arrives at his mature view of material causation. Descartes’ position changes over time in some very radical ways. The last section spells out his final position as to how causation works in the world of material objects. When considering Descartes’ causal theories, it is useful to distinguish between ‘vertical’ and ‘horizontal’ causation. The vertical perspective addresses God’s relation to creation. God is essential being, and every being other than God depends upon God in (...)
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  48. Amy L. McGuire & Richard A. Gibbs (2006). Currents in Contemporary Ethics. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 34 (4):809-812.score: 30.0
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  49. J. T. McGuire & J. W. Kable (2012). Decision Makers Calibrate Behavioral Persistence on the Basis of Time-Interval Experience. Cognition 124 (2):216-226.score: 30.0
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  50. J. E. Mcguire (1962). Foresight and Understanding. Philosophical Books 3 (3):15-17.score: 30.0
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