Search results for 'Alistair Ross' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  22 DLs
    Steven L. Ross (1985). Practice (+ Narrative Unity + Moral Tradition) Makes Perfect: Alistair Macintyre's After Virtue. [REVIEW] Journal of Value Inquiry 19 (1):13-26.score: 360.8
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  2.  12 DLs
    Steven Ross, Review of "What Happened in and to Moral Philosophy in the Twentieth Century? Philosophical Essays in Honor of Alasdair MacIntyre. [REVIEW]score: 360.4
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  3.  27 DLs
    Alistair Ross (2007). Multiple Identities and Education for Active Citizenship. British Journal of Educational Studies 55 (3):286 - 303.score: 240.6
    This paper explores concepts of multiple and nested identities and how these relate to citizenship and rights, and the implications of identities and rights for active citizenship education. Various theoretical conceptions of identity are analysed, and in particular ideas concerning multiple identities that are used contingently, and about identities that do not necessarily include feeling a strong affinity with others in the group. The argument then moves to the relationship between identity and citizenship, and particularly citizenship and rights. Citizenship is (...)
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  4.  15 DLs
    Douglas Mesner & Colin A. Ross (2011). Letter to the Editor: A Dialogue Regarding Colin Ross' Article “The Electrophysiological Basis of Evil Eye Belief”. Anthropology of Consciousness 22 (2):103-105.score: 180.3
  5.  3 DLs
    Braxton Ross (1991). Bernhard Bischoff, Latin Palaeography: Antiquity and the Middle Ages. Trans. Dáibhí Ò Cróinín and David Ganz. Cambridge, Eng.: Cambridge University Press, in Association with the Medieval Academy of Ireland, 1990. Pp. Xi, 291; Black-and-White Plates, Figures. $59.50 (Cloth); $22.95 (Paper). First Published as Paläographie des Römischen Altertums Und des Abendländischen Mittelalters in 1979 by Erich Schmidt and Reviewed in Speculum 57 (1982), 118–21, by B. Ross. [REVIEW] Speculum 66 (1):121-122.score: 180.1
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  6.  2 DLs
    Don Ross (2007). Game Theory as Mathematics for Biology: Evolutionary Dynamics and Extensive Form Games Ross Cressman Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2003 (330 Pp; $48.00 Hbk; ISBN 0262033054); Moral Sentiments and Material Interests Herbert Gintis , Samuel Bowles , Robert Boyd and Ernst Fehr , Eds Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2005 (416 Pp; $50.00 Hbk; ISBN 0262072521). [REVIEW] Biological Theory 2 (1):104-107.score: 180.0
  7.  1 DLs
    John Mitchell & James B. Ross (1968). An Interview with James B. Ross. BioScience 18 (8):779-781.score: 180.0
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  8.  174 DLs
    W. D. Ross (2002). The Right and the Good. Clarendon Press.score: 61.0
    The Right and the Good, a classic of twentieth-century philosophy by the eminent scholar Sir David Ross, is now presented in a new edition with a substantial introduction by Philip Stratton-Lake, a leading expert on Ross. Ross's book is the pinnacle of ethical intuitionism, which was the dominant moral theory in British philosophy for much of the nineteenth and early twentieth century. Intuitionism is now enjoying a considerable revival, and Stratton-Lake provides the context for a proper understanding (...)
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  9.  63 DLs
    Don Ross (2006). Evolutionary Game Theory and the Normative Theory of Institutional Design: Binmore and Behavioral Economics. Politics, Philosophy and Economics 5 (1):51-79.score: 60.4
    In this article, I critically respond to Herbert Gintis's criticisms of the behavioral-economic foundations of Ken Binmore's game-theoretic theory of justice. Gintis, I argue, fails to take full account of the normative requirements Binmore sets for his account, and also ignores what I call the ‘scale-relativity’ considerations built into Binmore's approach to modeling human evolution. Paul Seabright's criticism of Binmore, I note, repeats these oversights. In the course of answering Gintis's and Seabright's objections, I clarify and (...)
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  10.  51 DLs
    David Ross (1939). Foundations of Ethics. Oxford University Press.score: 60.3
    FOUNDATIONS OF ETHICS THE GIFFORD LECTURES delivered in the University of Aberdeen, 1935-6 by SIR W. DAVID ROSS Provost of Oriel College, Oxford President of ...
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  11.  47 DLs
    Alf Ross (1958/2004). On Law and Justice. London, Stevens.score: 60.3
    Ross, Alf. On Law and Justice. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1959. xi, 383 pp. Reprint available December 2004 by the Lawbook Exchange, Ltd.
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  12.  45 DLs
    Don Ross (2008). Ontic Structural Realism and Economics. Philosophy of Science 75 (5):732-743.score: 60.3
    Ontic structural realism (OSR) is crucially motivated by empirical discoveries of fundamental physics. To this extent its potential to furnish a general metaphysics for science may appear limited. However, OSR also provides a good account of the progress that has been achieved over the decades in a formalized special science, economics. Furthermore, this has a basis in the ontology presupposed by economic theory, and is not just an artifact of formalization. †To contact the author, please write to: 4th Floor, Humanities (...)
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  13.  39 DLs
    Don Ross (2008). Classical Game Theory, Socialization and the Rationalization of Conventions. Topoi 27 (1-2):57-72.score: 60.2
    The paper begins by providing a game-theoretic reconstruction of Gilbert’s (1989) philosophical critique of Lewis (1969) on the role of salience in selecting conventions. Gilbert’s insight is reformulated thus: Nash equilibrium is insufficiently powerful as a solution concept to rationalize conventions for unboundedly rational agents if conventions are solutions to the kinds of games Lewis supposes. Both refinements to NE and appeals to bounded rationality can plug this gap, but lack generality. As Binmore (this issue) argues, evolutive game theory readily (...)
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  14.  32 DLs
    W. D. Ross (1995). Aristotle. Routledge.score: 60.2
    Sir David Ross was one of the most distinguished and influential Aristotelians of this century; his study has long been established as an authoritative survey ...
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  15.  29 DLs
    James F. Ross (1981). Portraying Analogy. Cambridge University Press.score: 60.2
  16.  14 DLs
    Alison Ross (2000). Introduction to Monique David-Ménard on Kant and Madness. Hypatia 15 (4):77-81.score: 60.1
    : Ross examines the relation between thought and madness within the practical and theoretical wings of Kant's critical philosophy. She argues that the notion of critique is formulated as a guard against the tendency of thought to madness. She locates the significance of David-Ménard's essay on Kant's pre-critical works in the idea that Kant's own tendency to madness functions in these early works as a motivational principle for the mature, critical system.
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  17.  12 DLs
    Lainie Friedman Ross (2006). Children in Medical Research: Access Versus Protection. OUP Oxford.score: 60.1
    Lainie Ross presents a rigorous critical investigation of the development of policy governing the involvement of children in medical research. She examines the shift in focus from protection of medical research subjects, enshrined in post-World War II legislation, to the current era in which access is assuming greater precedence. Infamous studies such as Willowbrook are evidence that before the policy shift protection was not always adequate, even for the most vulnerable groups. Additional safeguards for children were first implemented in (...)
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  18.  11 DLs
    Glenn Harrison & Don Ross (2010). The Methodologies of Neuroeconomics. Journal of Economic Methodology 17 (2):185-196.score: 60.1
    We critically review the methodological practices of two research programs which are jointly called ?neuroeconomics?. We defend the first of these, termed ?neurocellular economics? (NE) by Ross (2008), from an attack on its relevance by Gul and Pesendorfer (2008) (GP). This attack arbitrarily singles out some but not all processing variables as unimportant to economics, is insensitive to the realities of empirical theory testing, and ignores the central importance to economics of ?ecological rationality? (Smith 2007). GP ironically share (...)
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  19.  11 DLs
    Ralph Gilbert Ross, Herbert Wallace Schneider & Theodore Waldman (eds.) (1974). Thomas Hobbes in His Time. University of Minnesota Press.score: 60.1
    by Ralph Ross, Herbert W. Schneider, Theodore Waldman THOMAS HOBBES has again become the center of lively discussion among philosophers, historians, ...
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  20.  7 DLs
    Alison Ross (2014). Walter Benjamin’s Concept of the Image. Routledge.score: 60.0
    In this book, Alison Ross engages in a detailed study of Walter Benjamin’s concept of the image, exploring the significant shifts in Benjamin’s approach to the topic over the course of his career. Using Kant’s treatment of the topic of sensuous form in his aesthetics as a comparative reference, Ross argues that Benjamin’s thinking on the image undergoes a major shift between his 1924 essay on ‘Goethe’s Elective Affinities ,’ and his work on The Arcades Project from 1927 (...)
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  21.  6 DLs
    S. Faust Halley, M. Bensimon Cécile & E. G. Upshur Ross (2009). The Role of Faith-Based Organizations in the Ethical Aspects of Pandemic Flu Planning—Lessons Learned From the Toronto Sars Experience. Public Health Ethics 2 (1).score: 60.0
    Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Toronto and University of Toronto Ross E. G. Upshur * Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Joint Centre for Bioethics University of Toronto, Toronto * Corresponding author: Ross E. G. Upshur, Primary Care Research Unit, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, 2075 Bayview Avenue, #E-349, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M4N 3M5. Tel.: 416-480-4753; Fax: 416-480-4536; Email: ross.upshur{at}sunnybrook.ca ' + u + '@' + d + ' '//--> Abstract Are restrictive measures and duties to care ethically reasonably acceptable to (...)
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  22.  6 DLs
    Don Ross, Integrating the Dynamics of Multi-Level Economic Agency.score: 60.0
    Three recent book-length studies in the philosophy of economics (Mirowski 2002, Davis 2003, Ross 2005) have drawn attention to the fact that mainstream economic theory has consistently avoided commitment to any particular model of the person. This is the most significant respect in which economics has kept aloof from part of psychology. The widespread belief, on the other hand, that economists’ attentiveness to the psychology of choice and decision had to wait for the Allais challenge and then for Kahneman (...)
     
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  23.  4 DLs
    David Ross (2002). The Right and the Good. Clarendon Press.score: 60.0
    The Right and the Good, a classic of twentieth-century philosophy by the great scholar Sir David Ross, is now presented in a new edition with a substantial introduction by Philip Stratton-Lake, a leading expert on Ross. Ross's book is the pinnacle of ethical intuitionism, which was the dominant moral theory in British philosophy for much of the nineteenth and early twentieth century. Intuitionism is now enjoying a considerable revival, and Stratton-Lake provides the context for a proper understanding (...)
     
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  24.  0 DLs
    Stephen David Ross (1994). Locality and Practical Judgment: Charity and Sacrifice. Fordham University Press.score: 60.0
    This work completes Ross's trilogy examining the inexhaustible complexity of the world and our relation to our surroundings.
     
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  25.  0 DLs
    Ian Simpson Ross (2010). The Life of Adam Smith. OUP Oxford.score: 60.0
    This new edition of The Life of Adam Smith remains the only book to give a full account of Smith's life whilst also placing his work into the context of his life and times.
     
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  26.  210 DLs
    Allison Ross & Nafsika Athanassoulis (2010). The Social Nature of Engineering and its Implications for Risk Taking. Science and Engineering Ethics 16 (1):147-168.score: 30.6
    Making decisions with an, often significant, element of risk seems to be an integral part of many of the projects of the diverse profession of engineering. Whether it be decisions about the design of products, manufacturing processes, public works, or developing technological solutions to environmental, social and global problems, risk taking seems inherent to the profession. Despite this, little attention has been paid to the topic and specifically to how our understanding of engineering as a distinctive profession might affect how (...)
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  27.  209 DLs
    Jacob Ross (2009). How to Be a Cognitivist About Practical Reason. Oxford Studies in Metaethics 4:243-281.score: 30.6
  28.  172 DLs
    Peter W. Ross (2008). Common Sense About Qualities and Senses. Philosophical Studies 138 (3):299 - 316.score: 30.5
    There has been some recent optimism that addressing the question of how we distinguish sensory modalities will help us consider whether there are limits on a scientific understanding of perceptual states. For example, Block has suggested that the way we distinguish sensory modalities indicates that perceptual states have qualia which at least resist scientific characterization. At another extreme, Keeley argues that our common-sense way of distinguishing the senses in terms of qualitative properties is misguided, and offers a scientific eliminativism about (...)
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  29.  159 DLs
    Don Ross (2005). Chalmers's Naturalistic Dualism: The Irrelevance of the Mind-Body Problem to the Scientific Study of Consciousness. In Christina E. Erneling & David Martel Johnson (eds.), The Mind as a Scientific Object: Between Brain and Culture. Oxford University Press 165-175.score: 30.5
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  30.  152 DLs
    P. Ross (2001). Qualia and the Senses. Philosophical Quarterly 51 (205):495-511.score: 30.5
    In his classic paper, "Some Remarks about the Senses," H. P. Grice argues that our intuitive distinction among perceptual modalities requires that the modalities be characterized in terms of the introspectible character of experience. I first show that Grice's argument provides support for the claim that perceptual experiences have qualia, namely, mental qualitative properties of experience which are what it's like to be conscious of perceived properties such as color. I then defend intentionalism about experience, which rejects qualia, by showing (...)
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  31.  150 DLs
    Jacob Ross (2009). Should Kantians Be Consequentialists? Ratio 22 (1):126-135.score: 30.5
    Parfit argues that a form of rule consequentialism can be derived from the most plausible formulation of the fundamental principle of Kantian ethics. And so he concludes that Kantians should be consequentialists. I argue that we have good reason to reject two of the auxiliary premises that figure in Parfit's derivation of rule consequentialism from Kantianism. 1.
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  32.  136 DLs
    Steven Ross (2009). The End of Moral Realism? Acta Analytica 24 (1):43-61.score: 30.4
    The author considers how constructivism, presently known to us essentially as a theory for generating rules of social cooperation, embodies a certain conception of justification that in turn may be thought of as a general theory. It is argued that moral realism and projectivism are by turns platitudinous and unsatisfactory as conceptions of justification; by contrast the general conception of justification in constructivism makes sense of reason giving and coherent rivalry. The author argues that once the right picture of justification (...)
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  33.  128 DLs
    Nigel Cutland, Christoph Kessler, Ekkehard Kopp & David Ross (1988). On Cauchy's Notion of Infinitesimal. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 39 (3):375-378.score: 30.4
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  34.  127 DLs
    Jacob Ross (2010). The Irreducibility of Personal Obligation. Journal of Philosophical Logic 39 (3):307 - 323.score: 30.4
    It is argued that claims about personal obligation (of the form "s ought to 0") cannot be reduced to claims about impersonal obligation (of the form "it ought to be the case that p"). The most common attempts at such a reduction are shown to have unacceptable implications in cases involving a plurality of agents. It is then argued that similar problems will face any attempt to reduce personal obligation to impersonal obligation.
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  35.  122 DLs
    M. L., David Morrison, W. McD, G. R. T. Ross, A. E. Taylor, P. E. Winter, B. L., B. Russell, Louis Brehaut, G. Galloway, Henry Wodehouse, M. J. & C. A. F. Rhys Davids (1909). New Books. [REVIEW] Mind 18 (70):285-309.score: 30.4
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  36.  120 DLs
    Jacob Ross, Acceptance and Practical Reason.score: 30.4
    What theory should we accept from the practical point of view, or accept as a basis for guiding our actions, if we don’t know which theory is true, and if there are too many plausible alternative theories for us to take them all into consideration? This question is the theme of the first three parts of this dissertation. I argue that the problem of theory acceptance, so understood, is a problem of practical rationality, and hence that the appropriate grounds for (...)
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  37.  109 DLs
    Richard E. Nisbett & Lee Ross (1980). Human Inference: Strategies and Shortcomings of Social Judgment. Prentice-Hall.score: 30.3
  38.  105 DLs
    Peter W. Ross (2006). Empirical Constraints on the Problem of Free Will. In Susan Pockett, William P. Banks & Shaun Gallagher (eds.), Does Consciousness Cause Behavior? MIT Press 125-144.score: 30.3
    With the success of cognitive science's interdisciplinary approach to studying the mind, many theorists have taken up the strategy of appealing to science to address long standing disputes about metaphysics and the mind. In a recent case in point, philosophers and psychologists, including Robert Kane, Daniel C. Dennett, and Daniel M. Wegner, are exploring how science can be brought to bear on the debate about the problem of free will. I attempt to clarify the current debate by considering how empirical (...)
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  39.  105 DLs
    James F. Ross (1961). God and "Logical Necessity". Philosophical Quarterly 11 (42):22-27.score: 30.3
  40.  104 DLs
    C. D. Broad, W. D. Ross, A. E. Taylor, C. T. Harley Walker, Paul Philip Levertoff, Bernard Bosanquet, G. G., F. C. S. Schiller, L. J. Russell & H. Wildon Carr (1920). New Books. [REVIEW] Mind 29 (114):232-250.score: 30.3
  41.  104 DLs
    Peter W. Ross (2010). Fitting Color Into the Physical World. Philosophical Psychology 23 (5):575-599.score: 30.3
    I propose a strategy for a metaphysical reduction of perceived color, that is, an identification of perceived color with properties characterizable in non-qualitative terms. According to this strategy, a description of visual experience of color, which incorporates a description of the appearance of color, is a reference-fixing description. This strategy both takes color appearance seriously in its primary epistemic role and avoids rendering color as metaphysically mysterious. I’ll also argue that given this strategy, a plausible account of perceived color claims (...)
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  42.  103 DLs
    Jacob Ross (2006). Rejecting Ethical Deflationism. Ethics 116 (4):742-768.score: 30.3
    One of the perennial challenges of ethical theory has been to provide an answer to a number of views that appear to undermine the importance of ethical questions. We may refer to such views collectively as “deflationary ethical theories.” These include theories, such as nihilism, according to which no action is better than any other, as well as relativistic theories according to which no ethical theory is better than any other. In this article I present a new response to such (...)
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  43.  100 DLs
    Peter W. Ross (1999). Color Science and Spectrum Inversion: A Reply to Nida-Rumelin. Consciousness and Cognition 8 (4):566-570.score: 30.3
    Martine Nida-Rümelin (1996) argues that color science indicates behaviorally undetectable spectrum inversion is possible and raises this possibility as an objection to functionalist accounts of visual states of color. I show that her argument does not rest solely on color science, but also on a philosophically controversial assumption, namely, that visual states of color supervene on physiological states. However, this assumption, on the part of philosophers or vision scientists, has the effect of simply ruling out certain versions of functionalism. While (...)
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  44.  96 DLs
    Don Ross & David Spurrett (2004). What to Say to a Skeptical Metaphysician? A Defense Manual for Cognitive and Behavioral Scientists. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (5):603-627.score: 30.3
    A wave of recent work in metaphysics seeks to undermine the anti-reductionist, functionalist consensus of the past few decades in cognitive science and philosophy of mind. That consensus apparently legitimated a focus on what systems do, without necessarily and always requiring attention to the details of how systems are constituted. The new metaphysical challenge contends that many states and processes referred to by functionalist cognitive scientists are epiphenomenal. It further contends that the problem lies in functionalism itself, and that, to (...)
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  45.  93 DLs
    Alf Ross (1944). Imperatives and Logic. Philosophy of Science 11 (1):30-46.score: 30.3
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  46.  91 DLs
    Alf Ross (1969). On Self-Reference and a Puzzle in Constitutional Law. Mind 78 (309):1-24.score: 30.3
  47.  88 DLs
    Jacob Ross, Countable Additivity, Dutch Books, and the Sleeping Beauty Problem.score: 30.3
    Currently, it appears that the most widely accepted solution to the Sleeping Beauty problem is the one-third solution. Another widely held view is that an agent’s credences should be countably additive. In what follows, I will argue that these two views are incompatible, since the principles that underlie the one-third solution are inconsistent with the principle of Countable Additivity (hereafter, CA). I will then argue that this incompatibility is a serious problems for thirders, since it undermines one of the central (...)
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  48.  88 DLs
    Steven Ross (2008). Meta-Ethics and Justification. Acta Analytica 23 (2):91-114.score: 30.3
    The author takes up three metaphysical conceptions of morality — realism, projectivism, constructivism — and the account of justification or reason that makes these pictures possible. It is argued that the right meta-ethical conception should be the one that entails the most plausible conception of reason-giving, rather than by any other consideration. Realism and projectivism, when understood in ways consistent with their fundamental commitments, generate unsatisfactory models of justification; constructivism alone does not. The author also argues for a particular interpretation (...)
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  49.  87 DLs
    Monique David-Ménard & Alison Ross (2000). Kant's "An Essay on the Maladies of the Mind" and Observations on the Feeling of the Beautiful and the Sublime. Hypatia 15 (4):82-98.score: 30.3
    David-Ménard examines the problem of the genesis of Kant's moral philosophy. The separation between Kantian practical reason and the inclinations of sense which it regulates is shown by the author to originate in Kant's attempt to regulate his own tendency to hypochondria. Her argument links the themes from two of Kant's pre-critical works which attest to this tendency--"An Essay on the Maladies of the Mind" and Observations on the Feeling of the Beautiful and the Sublime--to the final form of the (...)
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  50.  86 DLs
    C. D. Broad, G. Galloway, Godfrey H. Thomson, W. Leslie Mackenzie, G. A. Johnston, M. L., Arthur Robinson, A. E. Taylor, L. J. Russell, W. D. Ross, R. M. MacIver, Herbert W. Blunt, A. Wolf, Helen Wodehouse & B. Bosanquet (1914). New Books. [REVIEW] Mind 23 (90):274-306.score: 30.3
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