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Allan Franklin [68]Allan D. Franklin [1]
  1. Allan Franklin (1990). The Neglect of Experiment. Noûs 24 (4):631-634.
    What role have experiments played, and should they play, in physics? How does one come to believe rationally in experimental results? The Neglect of Experiment attempts to provide answers to both of these questions. Professor Franklin's approach combines the detailed study of four episodes in the history of twentieth century physics with an examination of some of the philosophical issues involved. The episodes are the discovery of parity nonconservation in the 1950s; the nondiscovery of parity nonconservation in the 1930s, when (...)
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  2.  46
    Allan Franklin (1990). Experiment, Right or Wrong. Cambridge University Press.
    In Experiment, Right or Wrong, Allan Franklin continues his investigation of the history and philosophy of experiment presented in his previous book, The Neglect of Experiment. Using a combination of case studies and philosophical readings of those studies, Franklin again addresses two important questions: What role does and should experiment play in the choice between competing theories and in the confirmation or refutation of theories and hypotheses? How do we come to believe reasonably in experimental results? Experiment, Right or Wrong (...)
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  3.  7
    Allan Franklin (2002). Selectivity and Discord: Two Problems of Experiment. University of Pittsburgh Press.
    Specifically, Allan Franklin is concerned with two problems in the use of experimental results in science: selectivity of data or analysis procedures and the resolution of discordant results.
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  4.  9
    Allan Franklin (2007). Experiment in Physics. In Edward N. Zalta (ed.), The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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  5. Allan Franklin (2007). No Easy Answers: Science and the Pursuit of Knowledge. University of Pittsburgh Press.
    In _No Easy Answers_, Allan Franklin offers an accurate picture of science to both a general reader and to scholars in the humanities and social sciences who may not have any background in physics. Through the examination of nontechnical case studies, he illustrates the various roles that experiment plays in science. He uses examples of unquestioned success, such as the discoveries of the electron and of three types of neutrino, as well as studies that were dead ends, wrong turns, or (...)
     
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  6. Colin Howson & Allan Franklin (1994). Bayesian Conditionalization and Probability Kinematics. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 45 (2):451-466.
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  7.  23
    Allan Franklin (1994). How to Avoid the Experimenters' Regress. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 25 (3):463-491.
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  8. Allan Franklin & Colin Howson (1998). Comment on "the Structure of a Scientific Paper" by Frederick Suppe. Philosophy of Science 65 (3):411-416.
  9.  25
    Allan Franklin & Colin Howson (1984). Why Do Scientists Prefer to Vary Their Experiments? Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 15 (1):51-62.
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  10.  13
    Allan Franklin & Slobodan Perovic (2015). Editors’ Introduction. Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 30 (2):161-162.
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  11.  40
    Allan Franklin (forthcoming). The Missing Piece of the Puzzle: The Discovery of the Higgs Boson. Synthese:1-16.
    The missing piece of the puzzle: the discovery of the Higgs boson On July 4, 2012 the CMS and ATLAS collaborations at the large hadron collider jointly announced the discovery of a new elementary particle, which resembled the Higgs boson, the last remaining undiscovered piece of the standard model of elementary particles. Both groups claimed to have observed a five-standard-deviation (five sigmas) effect above background, the gold standard for discovery in high-energy physics. In this essay I will briefly discuss the (...)
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  12.  19
    Allan Franklin (2015). The Theory-Ladenness of Experiment. Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 46 (1):155-166.
    Theory-ladenness is the view that observation cannot function in an unbiased way in the testing of theories because observational judgments are affected by the theoretical beliefs of the observer. Its more radical cousin, incommensurability, argues that because there is no theory-neutral language, paradigms, or worldviews, cannot be compared because in different paradigms the meaning of observational terms is different, even when the word used is the same. There are both philosophical and practical components to these problems. I argue, using a (...)
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  13.  91
    Allan Franklin (1984). The Epistemology of Experiment. [REVIEW] British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 35 (4):381-390.
  14.  22
    Colin Howson & Allan Franklin (1991). Maher, Mendeleev and Bayesianism. Philosophy of Science 58 (4):574-585.
    Maher (1988, 1990) has recently argued that the way a hypothesis is generated can affect its confirmation by the available evidence, and that Bayesian confirmation theory can explain this. In particular, he argues that evidence known at the time a theory was proposed does not confirm the theory as much as it would had that evidence been discovered after the theory was proposed. We examine Maher's arguments for this "predictivist" position and conclude that they do not, in fact, support his (...)
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  15. Allan Franklin (1999). Can That Be Right? Essays on Experiment, Evidence, and Science.
     
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  16.  14
    Allan Franklin & Colin Howson (1988). It Probably is a Valid Experimental Result: A Bayesian Approach to the Epistemology of Experiment. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 19 (4):419-427.
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  17. Allan Franklin (2008). Experiment, Right or Wrong. Cambridge University Press.
    In Experiment, Right or Wrong, Allan Franklin continues his investigation of the history and philosophy of experiment presented in his previous book, The Neglect of Experiment. Using a combination of case studies and philosophical readings of those studies, Franklin again addresses two important questions: What role does and should experiment play in the choice between competing theories and in the confirmation or refutation of theories and hypotheses? How do we come to believe reasonably in experimental results? Experiment, Right or Wrong (...)
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  18.  36
    Allan D. Franklin (1981). What Makes a 'Good' Experiment? British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 32 (4):367-374.
  19.  23
    Colin Howson & Allan Franklin (1985). A Bayesian Analysis of Excess Content and the Localisation of Support. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 36 (4):425-431.
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  20.  19
    Allan Franklin (2008). Is Failure an Option? Contingency and Refutation. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 39 (2):242-252.
    In this paper I argue, using two case studies of episodes from recent physics against the contingency view advocated by social constructionists. In this view, physics, or science in general, is, in Ian Hacking’s words, not determined by anything. Much of the previous discussion has centered on examples of scientific success. In this paper I argue that experimental evidence and reasoned and critical discussion played the crucial role in the refutation of a previously strongly believed hypothesis, and in the decision (...)
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  21.  58
    Allan Franklin (1984). Are Paradigms Incommensurable? British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 35 (1):57-60.
  22.  16
    Allan Franklin (1979). The Discovery and Nondiscovery of Parity Nonconservation. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 10 (3):201-257.
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  23.  64
    Allan Franklin (1988). How Nancy Cartwright Tells the Truth. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 39 (4):527-529.
  24. Allan Franklin, A. W. F. Edwards, Daniel J. Fairbanks, Daniel L. Hartl & Teddy Seidenfeld (2008). Ending the Mendel-Fisher Controversy. Journal of the History of Biology 41 (4):775-777.
     
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  25.  9
    Allan Franklin (2002). Física y experimentación. Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 17 (44):221-242.
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  26.  42
    Allan Franklin (2010). Gravity Waves and Neutrinos: The Later Work of Joseph Weber. Perspectives on Science 18 (2):pp. 119-151.
    How does the physics community deal with the subsequent work of a scientist whose earlier work has been regarded as incorrect? An interesting case of this involves Joseph Weber whose claim to have observed gravitational waves was rejected by virtually all of the physics community, although Weber himself continued to defend his work until his death in 2000. In the course of this defense Weber made a startling suggestion regarding the scattering of neutrinos. I will summarize the history of gravity (...)
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  27. Allan Franklin (1995). The Resolution of Discordant Results. Perspectives on Science 3:346-420.
     
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  28. Allan Franklin (2005). Review of Kent Staley, The Evidence for the Top Quark: Objectivity and Bias in Collaborative Experimentation, Kent Staley: The Evidence for the Top Quark: Objectivity and Bias in Collaborative Experimentation. [REVIEW] Philosophy of Science 72 (4).
     
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  29. Allan Franklin (1993). Discovery, Pursuit, and Justification. Perspectives on Science 1:252-284.
     
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  30.  23
    Allan Franklin (2002). Fisica y Experimentacion. Theoria 17 (2):221-242.
    In this paper I examine the roles that experiment plays in science. Experiment can test theories, but it can also call for a new theory. Experiment can also provide hints about the mathematical form of a theory. Likewise it can provide evidence for the existence of the entities involved in our theories. Finally, it may also have a life of its own, independent of theory. I will illustrate these roles using episodes from the history of contemporary physics. I will also (...)
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  31.  14
    Allan Franklin & Colin Howson (1985). Newton and Kepler, a Bayesian Approach. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 16 (4):379-385.
  32. Allan Franklin (1993). The Rise and Fall of the "Fifth Force" Discovery, Pursuit, and Justification in Modern Physics. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
     
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  33.  34
    Allan Franklin, Are the Laws of Physics Inevitable?
    Social constructionists believe that experimental evidence plays a minimal role in the production of scientific knowledge, while rationalists such as myself believe that experimental evidence is crucial in it. As one historical example in support of the rationalist position, I trace in some detail the theoretical and experimental research that led to our understanding of beta decay, from Enrico Fermi’s pioneering theory of 1934 to George Sudarshan and Robert Marshak’s and Richard Feynman and Murray Gell-Mann’s suggestion in 1957 and 1958, (...)
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  34.  5
    Allan Franklin (2005). The Philosophy of Scientific Experimentation. [REVIEW] British Journal for the History of Science 38 (2):241-242.
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  35.  4
    Allan Franklin (1990). Do Mutants Have to Be Slain, or Do They Die of Natural Causes?: The Case of Atomic Parity Violation Experiments. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1990:487 - 494.
    In this paper I will reexamine the history of the early experiments on atomic parity violation, presenting both Pickering's interpretation and an alternative explanation of my own. I argue that, contrary to Pickering, there were good reasons for the decision of the physics community. I will also explore some of the differences between my view of science and that proposed by the "strong programme" or social constructivist view in the sociology of science.
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  36.  3
    Allan Franklin (1987). Observation, Experiment, and Hypothesis in Modern Physical Science. [REVIEW] British Journal for the History of Science 20 (1):117-118.
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  37.  1
    Allan Franklin (1977). Stillman Drake's "Impetus Theory Reappraised". Journal of the History of Ideas 38 (2):307.
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  38.  7
    Allan Franklin (1982). Cooper's Evidence for Faster-Than-Light Particles. Foundations of Physics 12 (12):1181-1182.
    Cooper has claimed to have found evidence for faster-than-light particles by reanalyzing the data of Chamberlain et al. in their paper reporting the discovery of the antiproton. A careful reanalysis of this same data gives no evidence to support Cooper's claim.
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  39.  12
    Allan Franklin (1984). Review: The Epistemology of Experiment. [REVIEW] British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 35 (4):381 - 390.
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  40.  12
    Allan Franklin (2005). [Book Review: Gravity's Shadow: The Search for Gravitational Waves]. [REVIEW] Philosophy of Science 72 (4):647-650.
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  41.  11
    Allan Franklin (1997). Recycling Expertise and Instrumental Loyalty. Philosophy of Science 64 (4):52.
    In this paper I will examine the history of the first three, of a sequence of five, experiments performed by the Mann-O'Neill collaboration at the Princeton-Pennsylvania Accelerator. The experiments were conducted over a period of four years and measured aspects of K+ meson decay. Each of the experiments was done with essentially the same basic apparatus, with modifications for each of the specific measurements. We will see the increasing expertise of the experimenters as the experiments progressed. The third measurement was (...)
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  42.  9
    Allan Franklin (2005). The Evidence for the Top Quark: Objectivity.. Philosophy of Science 72 (4):659-661.
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  43.  9
    Allan Franklin (2010). The Machine Speaks Falsely. Spontaneous Generations 4 (1):71-84.
    How can one determine if an experimental apparatus is giving an incorrect result, if it is speaking falsely? An interesting example of this occurred in the experimental investigation, in the early twentieth century, of the energy spectrum of electrons emitted in β decay. Meitner and her collaborators (1911), using photographic detection, found that all the electrons emitted by a single radioactive element were monoenergetic. Chadwick (1914), on the other hand, using either an ionization chamber or a Geiger counter, found a (...)
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  44.  1
    Allan Franklin (1994). From C-Numbers to Q-Numbers: The Classical Analogy in the History of Quantum Theory by Olivier Darrigol. [REVIEW] Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 85:546-547.
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  45.  3
    Allan Franklin (1986). Experiment and the Development of the Theory of Weak Interactions: Fermi's Theory. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1986:163 - 179.
    The fallibility and corrigibility of experimental results, and of the confirmation or refutation based on those results, is illustrated in the 1930's history of Fermi's theory of decay. Early results favored the competing theory of Konopinski and Uhlenbeck. It was found that there were experimental difficulties along with an incorrect theoretical comparison. When the experiments were corrected and the proper theoretical calculations made, the evidence favored Fermi and refuted Konopinski and Uhlenbeck. The relevance of known evidence for confirmation and the (...)
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  46.  4
    Allan Franklin (1985). Book Review:Scientific Explanation and Atomic Physics Edward M. MacKinnon. [REVIEW] Philosophy of Science 52 (3):481-.
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  47.  1
    Allan Franklin (1994). Commentary on the Papers of Davis Baird, Peter Kroes, and Michael Dennis. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1994:452 - 457.
    One important point that has emerged from recent work on the history and philosophy of experiment is that technology plays an integral role in experiment, and therefore in science. Technology determines what experimenters can measure and how well it can be measured. The importance of technology, along with several new questions that its use raises, has been made quite clear in the papers presented in this session.
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  48.  3
    Allan Franklin (1992). Review. [REVIEW] British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 43 (2):283-285.
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  49. Allan Franklin (1987). Confronting Nature. [REVIEW] British Journal for the History of Science 20 (2):234-235.
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  50. Allan Franklin (1992). Experiment and the Making of Meaning: Human Agency in Scientific Observation and Experiment by David Gooding. [REVIEW] Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 83:177-178.
     
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