Search results for 'Analog' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  87
    Susan G. Sterrett, Experimentation on Analogue Models.
    Summary Analogue models are actual physical setups used to model something else. They are especially useful when what we wish to investigate is difficult to observe or experiment upon due to size or distance in space or time: for example, if the thing we wish to investigate is too large, too far away, takes place on a time scale that is too long, does not yet exist or has ceased to exist. The range and variety of analogue models is too (...)
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  2. Francesco Berto & Jacopo Tagliabue (2014). The World is Either Digital or Analogue. Synthese 191 (3):481-497.
    We address an argument by Floridi (Synthese 168(1):151–178, 2009; 2011a), to the effect that digital and analogue are not features of reality, only of modes of presentation of reality. One can therefore have an informational ontology, like Floridi’s Informational Structural Realism, without commitment to a supposedly digital or analogue world. After introducing the topic in Sect. 1, in Sect. 2 we explain what the proposition expressed by the title of our paper means. In Sect. 3, we describe Floridi’s argument. In (...)
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  3. Corey J. Maley (2011). Analog and Digital, Continuous and Discrete. Philosophical Studies 155 (1):117-131.
    Representation is central to contemporary theorizing about the mind/brain. But the nature of representation--both in the mind/brain and more generally--is a source of ongoing controversy. One way of categorizing representational types is to distinguish between the analog and the digital: the received view is that analog representations vary smoothly, while digital representations vary in a step-wise manner. I argue that this characterization is inadequate to account for the ways in which representation is used in cognitive science; in its (...)
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  4. Aldo Frigerio, Alessandro Giordani & Luca Mari (2013). On Representing Information: A Characterization of the Analog/Digital Distinction. Dialectica 67 (4):455-483.
    The common account of the analog vs digital distinction is based on features of physical systems, being related to the usage of continuous vs discrete supports respectively. It is proposed here to alternatively characterize the concepts of analog and digital as related to coding systems, of which a formal definition is given, by suggesting that the distinction refers to the strategy adopted to define the coding function: extensional in digital systems, isomorphic intensional in analog systems. This thesis (...)
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  5. Matthew Katz (2008). Analog and Digital Representation. Minds and Machines 18 (3):403-408.
    In this paper, I argue for three claims. The first is that the difference between analog and digital representation lies in the format and not the medium of representation. The second is that whether a given system is analog or digital will sometimes depend on facts about the user of that system. The third is that the first two claims are implicit in Haugeland's (1998) account of the distinction.
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  6.  25
    Whit Schonbein (2014). Varieties of Analog and Digital Representation. Minds and Machines 24 (4):415-438.
    The ‘received view’ of the analog–digital distinction holds that analog representations are continuous while digital representations are discrete. In this paper I first provide support for the received view by showing how it (1) emerges from the theory of computation, and (2) explains engineering practices. Second, I critically assess several recently offered alternatives, arguing that to the degree they are justified they demonstrate not that the received view is incorrect, but rather that distinct senses of the terms have (...)
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  7. John-Michael Kuczynski (2006). THE ANALOGUE-DIGITAL DISTINCTION AND THE COGENCY OF KANT'S TRANSCENDENTAL ARGUMENTS. Existentia: An International Journal of Philosophy (3-4):279-320.
    Hume's attempt to show that deduction is the only legitimate form of inference presupposes that enumerative induction is the only non-deductive form of inference. In actuality, enumerative induction is not even a form of inference: all supposed cases of enumerative induction are disguised cases of Inference to the Best Explanation (IBE), so far as they aren't simply cases of mentation of a purely associative kind and, consequently, of a kind that is non-inductive and otherwise non-inferential. The justification for IBE lies (...)
     
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  8.  43
    Jacob Beck (2014). Analogue Magnitude Representations: A Philosophical Introduction. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science (4):axu014.
    Empirical discussions of mental representation appeal to a wide variety of representational kinds. Some of these kinds, such as the sentential representations underlying language use and the pictorial representations of visual imagery, are thoroughly familiar to philosophers. Others have received almost no philosophical attention at all. Included in this latter category are analogue magnitude representations, which enable a wide range of organisms to primitively represent spatial, temporal, numerical, and related magnitudes. This article aims to introduce analogue magnitude representations to a (...)
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  9.  8
    Matthew Katz (2016). Analog Representations and Their Users. Synthese 193 (3):851-871.
    Characterizing different kinds of representation is of fundamental importance to cognitive science, and one traditional way of doing so is in terms of the analog–digital distinction. Indeed the distinction is often appealed to in ways both narrow and broad. In this paper I argue that the analog–digital distinction does not apply to representational schemes but only to representational systems, where a representational system is constituted by a representational scheme and its user, and that whether a representational system is (...)
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  10.  28
    James Mattingly & Walter Warwick (2009). Projectible Predicates in Analogue and Simulated Systems. Synthese 169 (3):465 - 482.
    We investigate the relationship between two approaches to modeling physical systems. On the first approach, simplifying assumptions are made about the level of detail we choose to represent in a computational simulation with an eye toward tractability. On the second approach simpler, analogue physical systems are considered that have more or less well-defined connections to systems of interest that are themselves too difficult to probe experimentally. Our interest here is in the connections between the artifacts of modeling that appear in (...)
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  11.  67
    Russell Trenholme (1994). Analog Simulation. Philosophy of Science 61 (1):115-131.
    The distinction between analog and digital representation is reexamined; it emerges that a more fundamental distinction is that between symbolic and analog simulation. Analog simulation is analyzed in terms of a (near) isomorphism of causal structures between a simulating and a simulated process. It is then argued that a core concept, naturalistic analog simulation, may play a role in a bottom-up theory of adaptive behavior which provides an alternative to representational analyses. The appendix discusses some formal (...)
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  12.  4
    Daniel Silva Graça (2004). Some Recent Developments on Shannon's General Purpose Analog Computer. Mathematical Logic Quarterly 50 (4‐5):473-485.
    This paper revisits one of the first models of analog computation, the General Purpose Analog Computer . In particular, we restrict our attention to the improved model presented in [11] and we show that it can be further refined. With this we prove the following: the previous model can be simplified; it admits extensions having close connections with the class of smooth continuous time dynamical systems. As a consequence, we conclude that some of these extensions achieve Turing universality. (...)
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  13.  5
    Gerard O’Brien & Jon Opie (2015). Intentionality Lite or Analog Content? Philosophia 43 (3):723-729.
    In their target article, Hutto and Satne eloquently articulate the failings of most current attempts to naturalize mental content. Furthermore, we think they are correct in their insistence that the only way forward is by drawing a distinction between two kinds of intentionality, one of which is considerably weaker than—and should be deployed to explain—the propositional variety most philosophers take for granted. The problem is that their own rendering of this weaker form of intentionality—contentless intentionality—is too weak. What’s needed is (...)
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  14.  86
    John Haugeland (1981). Analog and Analog. Philosophical Topics 12 (1):213-226.
  15.  4
    Gail A. Bruder & Wayne Silverman (1974). Effects of Familiarity and Sequence Length of Analog Matches in the Simultaneous Matching Task. Journal of Experimental Psychology 102 (5):875.
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  16.  1
    K. Meer & M. Gori (2002). A Step Towards a Complexity Theory for Analog Systems. Mathematical Logic Quarterly 48 (S1):45-58.
    Recent years have seen an increasing interest in the study of continuous-time computational models. However, not so much has been done with respect to setting up a complexity theoretic framework for such models. The present paper intends to go a step into this direction. We consider problems over the real numbers which we try to relate to Lyapunov theory for dynamical systems: The global minimizers of particular energy functions are supposed to give solutions of the problem. The structure of such (...)
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  17. Hwee‐Lin Wee, Kok‐Yong Fong, Connie Tse, David Machin, Yin‐Bun Cheung, Nan Luo & Julian Thumboo (2008). Optimizing the Design of Visual Analogue Scales for Assessing Quality of Life: A Semi‐Qualitative Study Among Chinese‐Speaking Singaporeans. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 14 (1):121-125.
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  18.  30
    Radin Dardashti, Stephan Hartmann, Karim P. Y. Thebault & Eric Winsberg, Confirmation Via Analogue Simulation: A Bayesian Analysis.
    Analogue simulation is a novel mode of scientific inference found increasingly within modern physics, and yet all but neglected in the philosophical literature. Experiments conducted upon a table-top ‘source system’ are taken to provide insight into features of an inaccessible ‘target system’, based upon a syntactic isomorphism between the relevant modelling frameworks. An important example is the use of acoustic ‘dumb hole’ systems to simulate gravitational black holes. In a recent paper it was argued that there exists circumstances in which (...)
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  19.  66
    Argyris Arnellos, Luis Emilio Bruni, Charbel Niño El-Hani & John Collier (2012). Anticipatory Functions, Digital-Analog Forms and Biosemiotics: Integrating the Tools to Model Information and Normativity in Autonomous Biological Agents. Biosemiotics 5 (3):331-367.
    We argue that living systems process information such that functionality emerges in them on a continuous basis. We then provide a framework that can explain and model the normativity of biological functionality. In addition we offer an explanation of the anticipatory nature of functionality within our overall approach. We adopt a Peircean approach to Biosemiotics, and a dynamical approach to Digital-Analog relations and to the interplay between different levels of functionality in autonomous systems, taking an integrative approach. We then (...)
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  20.  22
    Oron Shagrir (2010). Brains as Analog-Model Computers. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 41 (3):271-279.
    Computational neuroscientists not only employ computer models and simulations in studying brain functions. They also view the modeled nervous system itself as computing. What does it mean to say that the brain computes? And what is the utility of the ‘brain-as-computer’ assumption in studying brain functions? In previous work, I have argued that a structural conception of computation is not adequate to address these questions. Here I outline an alternative conception of computation, which I call the analog-model. The term (...)
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  21.  4
    Jacob Beck (2015). Analogue Magnitude Representations: A Philosophical Introduction. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 66 (4):829-855.
    Empirical discussions of mental representation appeal to a wide variety of representational kinds. Some of these kinds, such as the sentential representations underlying language use and the pictorial representations of visual imagery, are thoroughly familiar to philosophers. Others have received almost no philosophical attention at all. Included in this latter category are analogue magnitude representations, which enable a wide range of organisms to primitively represent spatial, temporal, numerical, and related magnitudes. This article aims to introduce analogue magnitude representations to a (...)
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  22. David J. Chalmers, Analog Vs. Digital Computation.
    It is fairly well-known that certain hard computational problems (that is, 'difficult' problems for a digital processor to solve) can in fact be solved much more easily with an analog machine. This raises questions about the true nature of the distinction between analog and digital computation (if such a distinction exists). I try to analyze the source of the observed difference in terms of (1) expanding parallelism and (2) more generally, infinite-state Turing machines. The issue of discreteness vs (...)
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  23.  67
    Wilfried Schröder & Hans-Jürgen Treder (1997). On Hide's Magnetic Analogue of Ertel's Vorticity Theorem. Foundations of Physics 27 (10):1453-1455.
    The relativistic formulation of Hide's “magnetic analogue” of Ertel's potential vorticity theorem is Dirac's “new classical theory of electrons”.
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  24.  4
    Michael H. Connors, Amanda J. Barnier, Robyn Langdon, Rochelle E. Cox, Vince Polito & Max Coltheart (2013). A Laboratory Analogue of Mirrored-Self Misidentification Delusion: The Role of Hypnosis, Suggestion, and Demand Characteristics. Consciousness and Cognition 22 (4):1510-1522.
    Mirrored-self misidentification is the delusional belief that one's own reflection in the mirror is a stranger. In two experiments, we tested the ability of hypnotic suggestion to model this condition. In Experiment 1, we compared two suggestions based on either the delusion's surface features (seeing a stranger in the mirror) or underlying processes (impaired face processing). Fifty-two high hypnotisable participants received one of these suggestions either with hypnosis or without in a wake control. In Experiment 2, we examined the extent (...)
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  25.  28
    John Kulvicki (2015). Analog Representation and the Parts Principle. Review of Philosophy and Psychology 6 (1):165-180.
    Analog representation is often cast in terms of an engineering distinction between smooth and discrete systems. The engineering notion cuts across interesting representational categories, however, so it is poorly suited to thinking about kinds of representation. This paper suggests that analog representations support a pattern of interaction, specifically open-ended searches for content across levels of abstraction. They support the pattern by sharing a structure with what they represent. Continuous systems that satisfy the engineering notion are exemplars of this (...)
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  26.  14
    Margaret Iversen (2012). Analogue: On Zoe Leonard and Tacita Dean. Critical Inquiry 38 (4):796-818.
    It is only now, with the rise of digitalization and the near-obsolescence of traditional technology, that we are becoming fully aware of the distinctive character of analogue photography. This owl-of-Minerva-like appreciation of the analogue has prompted photographic art practices that mine the medium for its specificity. Indeed, one could argue that analogue photography has only recently become a medium in the fullest sense of the term, for it is only when artists refuse to switch over to digital photographic technologies that (...)
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  27.  8
    Radin Dardashti, Karim P. Y. Thébault & Eric Winsberg (forthcoming). Confirmation Via Analogue Simulation: What Dumb Holes Could Tell Us About Gravity. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science:axv010.
    In this article we argue for the existence of ‘analogue simulation’ as a novel form of scientific inference with the potential to be confirmatory. This notion is distinct from the modes of analogical reasoning detailed in the literature, and draws inspiration from fluid dynamical ‘dumb hole’ analogues to gravitational black holes. For that case, which is considered in detail, we defend the claim that the phenomena of gravitational Hawking radiation could be confirmed in the case that its counterpart is detected (...)
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  28.  71
    Bruce J. MacLennan (1993). Grounding Analog Computers. Philosophical Explorations 2:8-51.
    In this commentary on Harnad's "Grounding Symbols in the Analog World with Neural Nets: A Hybrid Model," the issues of symbol grounding and analog (continuous) computation are separated, it is argued that symbol graounding is as important an issue for analog cognitive models as for digital (discrete) models. The similarities and differences between continuous and discrete computation are discussed, as well as the grounding of continuous representations. A continuous analog of the Chinese Room is presented.
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  29.  4
    D. S. Graca (2004). Some Recent Developments on Shannon's General Purpose Analog Computer. Mathematical Logic Quarterly 50 (4):473.
    This paper revisits one of the first models of analog computation, the General Purpose Analog Computer . In particular, we restrict our attention to the improved model presented in [11] and we show that it can be further refined. With this we prove the following: the previous model can be simplified; it admits extensions having close connections with the class of smooth continuous time dynamical systems. As a consequence, we conclude that some of these extensions achieve Turing universality. (...)
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  30.  1
    Toshiyasu Arai (1991). A Slow Growing Analogue to Buchholz' Proof. Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 54 (2):101-120.
    In this, journal, W. Buchholz gave an elegant proof of a characterization theorem for provably total recursive functions in the theory IDv for the v-times iterated inductive definitions . He characterizes the classes of functions by Hardy functions. In this note we will show that a slow growing analogue to the theorem can be obtained by a slight modification of Buchholz' proof.
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  31.  14
    Keng Meng Ng (2009). On the Degrees of Diagonal Sets and the Failure of the Analogue of a Theorem of Martin. Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 50 (4):469-493.
    Semi-hyperhypersimple c.e. sets, also known as diagonals, were introduced by Kummer. He showed that by considering an analogue of hyperhypersimplicity, one could characterize the sets which are the Halting problem relative to arbitrary computable numberings. One could also consider half of splittings of maximal or hyperhypersimple sets and get another variant of maximality and hyperhypersimplicity, which are closely related to the study of automorphisms of the c.e. sets. We investigate the Turing degrees of these classes of c.e. sets. In particular, (...)
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  32.  16
    Leonid Grinin (2011). Complex Chiefdom: Precursor of the State or Its Analogue? Social Evolution and History 10 (1):234–275.
    It is often noted in the academic literature that chiefdoms frequently prove to be troublesome for scholars because of the disagreement as to whether to categorize this or that polity as a complex chiefdom or as an early state. This is no wonder, because complex chiefdoms, early states, as well as different other types of sociopolitical systems (large confederations, large self-governed civil and temple communities etc.) turn out to be at the same evolutionary level. In the present article it is (...)
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  33.  23
    John R. Pani (2002). Mental Imagery is Simultaneously Symbolic and Analog. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (2):205-206.
    With admirable clarity, Pylyshyn shows that there is little evidence that mental imagery is strongly constrained to be analog. He urges that imagery must be considered part of a more general symbolic system. The ultimate solution to the challenges of image theory, however, rest on understanding the manner in which mental imagery is both a symbolic and an analog system.
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  34.  2
    Igor Oliveira & Walter Carnielli (2009). Erratum to “The Ricean Objection: An Analogue of Rice's Theorem for First-Order Theories” Logic Journal of the IGPL, 16: 585–590. [REVIEW] Logic Journal of the IGPL 17 (6):803-804.
    This note clarifies an error in the proof of the main theorem of “The Ricean Objection: An Analogue of Rice’s Theorem for First-Order Theories”, Logic Journal of the IGPL, 16(6): 585–590(2008).
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  35.  21
    Kazuyuki Aihara & Jun Kyung Ryeu (2001). Chaotic Neurons and Analog Computation. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (5):810-811.
    Chaotic dynamics can be related to analog computation. A possibility of electronically implementing the chaos -driven contracting system in the target article is explored with an analog electronic circuit with inevitable noise from the viewpoint of analog computation with chaotic neurons.
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  36.  5
    Chin Hsi Ling Sun Jing (2001). A Voltage Translinear Principle Based Current-Mode Analog Multiplier/Divider. Analysis 3:161-163.
    A novel current-mode analog multiplier/divider based on voltage translinear principle is proposed, featuring favorable precision and wide dynamic range. It is suitable for VLSI implementation and can be successfully applied in a wide range of analog systems such as analog neural network and RMS-to-DC converter.
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  37.  13
    Martin P. Golding (2003). The Legal Analog of the Principle of Bivalence. Ratio Juris 16 (4):450-468.
    The principle of bivalence is the assertion that every statement is either true or else false. Its legal analog, however, must be formulated relative to particular legal systems and in terms of validity rather than truth. It asserts that every statement of law that can be formulated in the vocabulary of a given legal system is valid or else invalid in that system. A line of New York cases is traced, beginning with Thomas v. Winchester . This case, which (...)
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  38.  12
    Wim Fias & Tom Verguts (2008). Not All Basic Number Representations Are Analog: Place Coding as a Precursor of the Natural Number System. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 31 (6):650-651.
    Rips et al.'s arguments for rejecting basic number representations as a precursor of the natural number system are exclusively based on analog number coding. We argue that these arguments do not apply to place coding, a type of basic number representation that is not considered by Rips et al.
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  39.  4
    Franz Embacher (1984). The Analog of Electric and Magnetic Fields in Stationary Gravitational Systems. Foundations of Physics 14 (8):721-738.
    Newtonian and Machian aspects of the stationary gravitational field are brought into formal analogy with a stationary electromagnetic field. The electromagnetic vector potential equals (up to a factor) the timelike Killing vector field. The current density is given by the contraction of the Killing vector with the Ricci tensor. A coordinate-dependent split in electric and magnetic field vectors is given, and some results of classical electrodynamics are used to illustrate the analogy. In the linearized theory, the usual Maxwell equations are (...)
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  40.  4
    Philipp Hieronymi (2013). An Analogue of the Baire Category Theorem. Journal of Symbolic Logic 78 (1):207-213.
    Every definably complete expansion of an ordered field satisfies an analogue of the Baire Category Theorem.
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  41.  5
    Bruce J. MacLennan, Grounding Analog Computers Commentary on Harnad on Symbolism- Connectionism.
    The issue of symbol grounding is not essentially different in analog and digital computation. The principal difference between the two is that in analog computers continuous variables change continuously, whereas in digital computers discrete variables change in discrete steps (at the relevant level of analysis). Interpretations are imposed on analog computations just as on digital computations: by attaching meanings to the variables and the processes defined over them. As Harnad (2001) claims, states acquire intrinsic meaning through their (...)
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  42.  2
    Dénes Szűcs, Fruzsina Soltesz & Usha Goswami (2009). Beyond Format-Specificity: Is Analogue Magnitude Really the Core Abstract Feature of the Cultural Number Representation? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 32 (3-4):352-353.
    The issue of abstractness raises two distinct questions. First, is there a format-independent magnitude representation? Second, does analogue magnitude really play a crucial role in the development of human mathematics? We suggest that neither developmental nor cultural studies support this notion. The field needs to redefine the properties of the core number representation as used in human arithmetic.
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  43.  4
    Marion Blute (2001). Social Learning by Observation is Analogue, Instruction is Digital. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (2):327-327.
    Social learning in the strict sense is learning by observation or instruction. Learning by observation appears to be an analogue process while learning by instruction is digital. In evolutionary biology this distinction is currently thought to have implications for the extent to which mechanisms can function successfully as an inheritance system in an evolutionary process.
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  44.  1
    Mohit Kumar (2002). Low-Voltage Current-Mode Analog Cells. Ratio:1-16.
    This seminar report discusses the low-voltage current-mode analog circuits and their various aspects. The need of high speed, high performance, low power circuits because of the advent of the portable electronic and mobile communication systems and difficulties faced in achieving that in today’s scenario are presented. Current mode circuits are the best suited candidates for the above. Their advantages are discussed here and a comparison with the conventional voltage mode circuits has been presented. The principle and the implementation of (...)
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  45. F. Stephan & B. Borchert (2000). Looking for an Analogue of Rice's Theorem in Circuit Complexity Theory. Mathematical Logic Quarterly 46 (4):489-504.
    Rice's Theorem says that every nontrivia semantic property of programs is undecidable. In this spirit we show the following: Every nontrivia absolute counting property of circuits is UP-hard with respect to polynomial-time Turing reductions. For generators [31] we show a perfect analogue of Rice's Theorem.
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  46. Claude Sureson (2007). A Valuation Ring Analogue of von Neumann Regularity. Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 145 (2):204-222.
    We continue the study of a theory which is a valued analogue of the theory of regular rings studied by Carson, Lipshitz and Saracino, characterize it as the model companion of the theory of Prüfer rings, and prove its decidability. We then link it to the theory of p.p. rings developed by Weispfenning and show that it admits quantifier elimination in a related language.
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  47. Torin Monahan (2001). The Analog Divide. Acm Sigcas Computers and Society 31 (3):22-31.
  48. Tyler Doggett & Andy Egan (2007). Wanting Things You Don't Want: The Case for an Imaginative Analogue of Desire. Philosophers' Imprint 7 (9):1-17.
    You’re imagining, in the course of a different game of make-believe, that you’re a bank robber. You don’t believe that you’re a bank robber. You are moved to point your finger, gun-wise, at the person pretending to be the bank teller and say, “Stick ‘em up! This is a robbery!”.
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  49.  64
    Wolfgang Stegmüller (1979). The Structuralist View of Theories: A Possible Analogue of the Bourbaki Programme in Physical Science. Springer-Verlag.
    This is the basis of the first part of the book.
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  50.  22
    Jacques Paillard, F. Michel & C. E. Stelmach (1983). Localization Without Content: A Tactile Analogue of "Blind Sight". Archives of Neurology 40:548-51.
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