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Profile: Anca Gheaus (University of Sheffield)
  1. Anca Gheaus (2014). Children's Rights, Parental Agency and the Case for Non-Coercive Responses to Care Drain. In Diana Meyers (ed.), Poverty, Agency, and Human Rights. Oxford University Press.
    Worldwide, many impoverished parents migrate, leaving their children behind. As a result children are deprived of continuity in care and, sometimes, suffer from other forms of emotional and developmental harms. I explain why coercive responses to care drain are illegitimate and likely to be inefficient. Poor parents have a moral right to migrate without their children and restricting their migration would violate the human right to freedom of movement and create a new form of gender injustice. I propose and defend (...)
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  2. Anca Gheaus (2014). Three Cheers for the Token Woman! Journal of Applied Philosophy 31 (4):n/a-n/a.
    Concerns about the under-representation of female academic philosophers and about the stereotype that philosophy is best done by men have recently led to efforts to make academic philosophy a more inclusive discipline. An example is the Gendered Conference Campaign, encouraging event organisers and volume editors to include women amongst invited speakers and authors. Initiatives such as the GCC raise worries about tokenism. Potential invitees may be concerned about unfairness towards whose who would have been invited in their place in the (...)
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  3. Anca Gheaus (2014). The 'Intrinsic Goods of Childhood' and the Just Society. In Alexander Bagattini & Colin Macleod (eds.), The Nature of Children's Well-being: Theory and Practice. Springer.
    I distinguish between three different ideas that have been recently discussed under the heading of 'the intrinsic goods of childhood': that childhood is itself intrinsically valuable, that certain goods are valuable only for children, and that children are being owed other goods than adults. I then briefly defend the claim the childhood is intrinsically good. Most of the chapter is dedicated to the analysis, and rejection, of the claim that certain goods are valuable only for children. This has implications about (...)
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  4. Anca Gheaus (2014). Why Have Children? The Ethical Debate by Christine Overall Harvard, MA, MIT Press 2012 Xiii + 253 Pp., $27.95/£19.95 (Hb). [REVIEW] Journal of Applied Philosophy 31 (2):219-221.
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  5. Anca Gheaus (2013). Care Drain as an Issue of Global Gender Justice. Ethical Perspectives 20 (1).
  6. Anca Gheaus (2013). Care Drain: Who Should Provide for the Children Left Behind? Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 16 (1):1-23.
    Care drain brings the traditional problem of carers' choice between paid work and family at a new level. Taking care drain from Romania as a case study, I analyse the consequences of parents' migration within a normative framework committed to meeting the needs of vulnerable individuals. The temporary migration of parents who cannot take their children with them involves moral harm, particularly the frustration of children's developmental and emotional needs. I use recent feminist work on justice and care in the (...)
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  7. Anca Gheaus (2013). The Feasibility Constraint on The Concept of Justice. Philosophical Quarterly 63 (252):445-464.
    There is a widespread belief that, conceptually, justice cannot require what we cannot achieve. This belief is sometimes used by defenders of so-called ‘non-ideal theories of justice’ to criticise so-called ‘ideal theories of justice’. I refer to this claim as ‘the feasibility constraint on the concept of justice’ and argue against it. I point to its various implausible implications and contend that a willingness to apply the label ‘unjust’ to some regrettable situations that we cannot fix is going to enhance (...)
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  8. Anca Gheaus (2012). Gender Justice. Journal of Ethics and Social Philosophy 6 (2):1-24.
  9. Anca Gheaus (2012). Is the Family Uniquely Valuable? Ethics and Social Welfare 6 (2):120-131.
    Family relationships are often believed to have a unique value; this is reflected both in the special expectations that family members have from each other and in the various ways in which states protect family relationships. Commitment appears to set apart family relationships from other close relationships; however, commitment is in fact present in other close relationships. I conclude that family relationships do not have any special value; love does. In the case of families with children, however, a high degree (...)
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  10. Anca Gheaus (2012). The Role of Love in Animal Ethics. Hypatia 27 (3):583-600.
    Philosophers working on animal ethics have focused, with good reason, on the wrongness of cruelty toward animals and of devaluing their lives. I argue that the theoretical resources of animal ethics are far from exhausted. Moreover, reflection on what makes animals ethically significant is relevant for thinking about the roots of morality and therefore about ethical relationships between human beings. I rely on a normative approach to animal ethics grounded in the importance of meeting needs in general and, in particular, (...)
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  11. Anca Gheaus (2012). The Right to Parent One's Biological Baby. Journal of Political Philosophy 20 (4):432-455.
    This paper provides an answer to the question why birth parents have a moral right to keep and raise their biological babies. I start with a critical discussion of the parent-centred model of justifying parents’ rights, recently proposed by Harry Brighouse and Adam Swift. Their account successfully defends a fundamental moral right to parent in general but, because it does not provide an account of how individuals acquire the right to parent a particular baby, it is insufficient for addressing the (...)
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  12. Anca Gheaus (2011). Arguments for Nonparental Care for Children. Social Theory and Practice 37 (3):483-509.
    I review three existing arguments in favor of having some childcare done by nonparents and then I advance five arguments, most of them original, to the same conclusion. My arguments rely on the assumption that, no matter who provides it, childcare will inevitably go wrong at times. I discuss the importance of mitigating bad care, of teaching children how to enter caring relationships with people who are initially strangers to them, of addressing children's structural vulnerability to their caregivers, of helping (...)
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  13. Anca Gheaus (2011). Love, Hate and Moral Inclusion1. In Joseph Carlisle, James Carter & Daniel Whistler (eds.), Moral Powers, Fragile Beliefs: Essays in Moral and Religious Philosophy. Continuum International Publishing Group. 29.
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  14. Anca Gheaus (2011). The Ethics of Parenthood – By Norvin Richards. Journal of Applied Philosophy 28 (4):416-419.
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  15. Anca Gheaus & Ingrid Robeyns (2011). Equality-Promoting Parental Leave. Journal of Social Philosophy 42 (2):173-191.
  16. Anca Gheaus (2010). Review of Jonathan Wolff and Avner de-Shalit Disadvantage. [REVIEW] Journal of Moral Philosophy 7 (1):148-50.
  17. Anca Gheaus (2010). Is Unconditional Forgiveness Ever Good? In Pamela Sue Anderson (ed.), New Topics in Feminist Philosophy of Religion: Resistance, Religion and Ethical-Political Relations.
    Forgiveness is a compelling Christian ideal. By contrast, to many philosophers it is not clear that forgiveness should be endorsed as a moral requirement; some argue that unconditional forgiveness is morally wrong. Those who are required to exercise forgiveness can feel that their own dignity and moral worthiness is diminished by such requirement if insignificant recognition was given to the harms they suffered as victims. This is particularly significant when thinking about women’s lives. Forgiveness and justice occasion particularly painful quandaries (...)
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  18. Anca Gheaus (2010). The Heart of Justice: Care Ethics and Political Theory, by Daniel Engster. [REVIEW] European Journal of Philosophy 18 (4):619-623.
  19. Anca Gheaus (2009). How Much of What Matters Can We Redistribute? Love, Justice, and Luck. Hypatia 24 (4):68-90.
    By meeting needs for individualized love and relatedness, the care we receive deeply shapes our social and economic chances and therefore represents a form of luck. Hence, distributive justice requires a fair distribution of care in society. I look at different ways of ensuring this and argue that full redistribution of care is beyond our reach. I conclude that a strong individual morality informed by an ethics of care is a necessary complement of well-designed institutions.
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  20. Anca Gheaus (2009). Review of Harry Adams Justice for Children. Autonomy, Development and the State. [REVIEW] Metaphsychology Online 13 (34).
  21. Anca Gheaus (2009). The Challenge of Care to Idealizing Theories of Distributive Justice. In Lisa Tessman (ed.), Feminist Ethics and Social and Political Philosophy: Theorizing the Non-Ideal. Springer. 105--119.
    The ideal of distributive justice as a means of ensuring fair distribution of social opportunities is a cornerstone of contemporary feminist theory. Feminists from various disciplines have developed arguments to support the redistribution of the work of care through institutional mechanisms. I discuss the limits of such distribution under the conditions of theories that do not idealize human agents as independent beings. People’s reliance on care, understood as a response to needs, is pervasive and infuses almost all human interaction. I (...)
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  22. Anca Gheaus (2008). Basic Income, Gender Justice and the Costs of Gender-Symmetrical Lifestyles. Basic Income Studies 3 (3).
    I argue that, in the currently gender-unjust societies a basic income would not advance feminist goals. To assess the impact of a social policy on gender justice I propose the following criterion: a society is gender-just when the costs of engaging in a lifestyle characterized by gender-symmetry (in both the domestic and public spheres) are, for both men and women, smaller or equal to the costs of engaging in a gender-asymmetrical lifestyle. For a significant number of women, a basic income (...)
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  23. Anca Gheaus (2008). Gender Justice and the Welfare State in Post-Communism. Feminist Theory 9 (2):185-206.
    Some Romanian feminist scholars argue that welfare policies of post-communist states are deeply unjust to women and preclude them from reaching economic autonomy. The upshot of this argument is that liberal economic policy would advance feminist goals better than the welfare state. How should we read this dissonance between Western and some Eastern feminist scholarship concerning distributive justice? I identify the problem of dependency at the core of a possible debate about feminism and welfare. Worries about how decades of communism (...)
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  24. Anca Gheaus (2008). Review of" Moral Repair. Reconstructing Moral Relations After Wrongdoing". [REVIEW] Essays in Philosophy 9 (2):10.
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  25. Anca Gheaus (2007). Review of “Frontiers of Justice: Disability, Nationality and Species Membership”. [REVIEW] Essays in Philosophy 8 (1):5.
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  26. Anca Gheaus (2006). Review of Cecile Fabre, Whose Body is It Anyway? Justice and the Integrity of the Person. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2006 (12).
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  27. Anca Gheaus (2006). Review of Michael Otsuka Libertarianism Without Inequality. [REVIEW] Imprints. Egalitarian Theoy and Practice 9 (2):141-50.
  28. Anca Gheaus (2005). Review of Eva Feder Kittay Love's Labor. [REVIEW] The Romanian Journal of Society and Politics 5 (1):173-7.
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  29. Anca Gheaus (2005). Review of Mihaela Miroiu The Road to Autonomy. [REVIEW] Hypatia.
  30. Anca Gheaus (2005). Review of Raymond Geuss History and Illusion in Politics. [REVIEW] The Romanian Journal of Society and Politics 4 (2):177-9.
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