Search results for 'Andreas Bauer' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Andreas Bauer, A First-Order Policy Language for History-Based Transaction Monitoring.score: 240.0
    Online trading invariably involves dealings between strangers, so it is important for one party to be able to judge objectively the trustworthiness of the other. In such a setting, the decision to trust a user may sensibly be based on that user’s past behaviour. We introduce a specification language based on linear temporal logic for expressing a policy for categorising the behaviour patterns of a user depending on its transaction history. We also present an algorithm for checking whether the transaction (...)
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  2. Andreas Bauer, A First-Order Policy Language for History-Based Transaction Monitoring.score: 240.0
    Online trading invariably involves dealings between strangers, so it is important for one party to be able to judge objectively the trustworthiness of the other. In such a setting, the decision to trust a user may sensibly be based on that user’s past behaviour. We introduce a specification language based on linear temporal logic for expressing a policy for categorising the behaviour patterns of a user depending on its transaction history. We also present an algorithm for checking whether the transaction (...)
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  3. Holger Andreas (2010). Semantic Holism in Scientific Language. Philosophy of Science 77 (4):524-543.score: 60.0
    Whether meaning is compositional has been a major issue in linguistics and formal philosophy of language for the last 2 decades. Semantic holism is widely and plausibly considered as an objection to the principle of semantic compositionality therein. It comes as a surprise that the holistic peculiarities of scientific language have been rarely addressed in formal accounts so far, given that semantic holism has its roots in the philosophy of science. For this reason, a model-theoretic approach to semantic holism in (...)
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  4. Brigitte L. M. Bauer (1995). The Emergence and Development of Svo Patterning in Latin and French: Diachronic and Psycholinguistic Perspectives. Oxford University Press.score: 60.0
    This book analyzes--in terms of branching--the pervasive reorganization of Latin syntactic and morphological structures: in the development from Latin to French, a shift can be observed from the archaic, left-branching structures (which Latin inherited from Proto-Indo-European) to modern right-branching equivalents. Brigitte Bauer presents a detailed analysis of this development based on the theoretical discussion and definition of "branching" and "head." Subsequently she relates the diachronic shift to psycholinguistic evidence, arguing that the difficuly of LB complex structures as reflected in (...)
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  5. Nancy Bauer (2001). Simone de Beauvoir, Philosophy, and Feminism. Columbia University Press.score: 60.0
    " Nancy Bauer begins her book by asking: "Then what kind of a problem does being a woman pose?
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  6. Steve Awodey & Audrej Bauer, Sheaf Toposes for Realizability.score: 60.0
    Steve Awodey and Audrej Bauer. Sheaf Toposes for Realizability.
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  7. Connirae Andreas & Tamara Andreas (2009). Aligning Perceptual Positions: A New Distinction in NLP. Journal of Consciousness Studies 16 (10-12):10-12.score: 60.0
    This article describes and refines an experiential distinction which has been highlighted by neuro-linguistic programming (NLP), perceptual positions. When you are imagining a past or future scene, you may perceive it (usually pre-reflectively) from three different viewpoints or perceptual positions. If you are looking at the world from your own point of view, through your own eyes, you are in the first perceptual position. If you are looking at the scene through another person's eyes, appreciating the other person's point of (...)
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  8. Hans-Martin Sass & Ihr B. Bauer (1967). Bruno Bauers Idee der "Rheinischen Zeitung". Zeitschrift für Religions- Und Geistesgeschichte 19 (4):321-332.score: 60.0
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  9. Andreas Arndt (2009). Literaturberichte und kritik-Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel: Vorlesungen über die philosophie Des subjektiven geistes (1822/1825). Herausgegeben Von Christoph Johannes Bauer. Gesammelte werke. Band 25, 1. [REVIEW] Hegel-Studien 44:157.score: 36.0
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  10. Mark Bauer (2010). Psychological Laws (Revisited). Erkenntnis 73 (1):41 - 53.score: 30.0
    It has been suggested that a functionalist understanding of the metaphysics of psychological typing eliminates the prospect for psychological laws. Kim, Millikan, and Shapiro have each separately argued that, if psychological types as functional types are multiply realized, then the diversity of realizing mechanisms demonstrates that there can be no laws of psychology. Additionally, Millikan has argued that the role of functional attribution in the explanation of historical kinds limits the formulation of psychological principles to particular taxa; hence, psychological laws (...)
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  11. Mark Bauer (2009). Normativity Without Artifice. Philosophical Studies 144 (2):239-259.score: 30.0
    To ascribe a telos is to ascribe a norm or standard of performance. That fact underwrites the plausibility of, say, teleological theories of mind. Teleosemantics, for example, relies on the normative character of teleology to solve the problem of “intentional inexistence”: a misrepresentation is just a malfunction. If the teleological ascriptions of such theories to natural systems, e.g., the neurological structures of the brain, are to be literally true, then it must be literally true that norms can exist independent of (...)
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  12. R. Bauer (2004). In Search of a Neural Signature of Consciousness: Facts, Hypotheses, and Proposals. Synthese 141 (2):233-45.score: 30.0
  13. Nancy Bauer (2001). Being-with as Being-Against: Heidegger Meets Hegel in the Second Sex. [REVIEW] Continental Philosophy Review 34 (2):129-149.score: 30.0
    In this paper I attempt to further the case, made in recent years by Eva Gothlin, that readers interested in a philosophical return to Simone de Beauvoir's The Second Sex have good reason to heed Beauvoir's appropriation of central concepts from Heidegger's Being and Time. I speculate about why readers have been hesitant to acknowledge Heidegger's influence on Beauvoir and show that her infrequent though, I argue, important use of the Heideggarian neologism Mitsein in The Second Sex makes inadequate sense (...)
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  14. Holger Andreas (2008). Ontological Aspects of Measurement. Axiomathes 18 (3):379-394.score: 30.0
    The concept of measurement is fundamental to a whole range of different disciplines, including not only the natural and engineering sciences, but also laboratory medicine and certain branches of the social sciences. This being the case, the concept of measurement has a particular relevance to the development of top-level ontologies in the area of knowledge engineering. For this reason, the present paper is concerned with ontological aspects of measurement. We are searching for a list of concepts that are apt to (...)
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  15. Holger Andreas (2010). New Account of Empirical Claims in Structuralism. Synthese 176 (3):311 - 332.score: 30.0
    In this paper, a new account of empirical claims in structuralism is developed. Its novelty derives from the use that is made of the linguistic approach to scientific theories despite the presumed incompatibility of structuralism with that approach. It is shown how the linguistic approach can be applied to the framework of structuralism if the semantic foundations of that approach are refined to do justice to the doctrine of indirect interpretation of theoretical terms. This doctrine goes back to Carnap but (...)
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  16. Sebastian Schleidgen, Michael C. Jungert & Robert H. Bauer (2010). Mission: Impossible? On Empirical-Normative Collaboration in Ethical Reasoning. [REVIEW] Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 13 (1):59 - 73.score: 30.0
    During the 1980s, empirical social sciences and normative theory seemingly converged within ethical debates. This tendency kindled new debates about the limits and possibilities of empirical-normative collaboration. The article asks for adequate ways of collaboration by taking a closer look at the philosophy of science of empirical social sciences as well as normative theory development and its logical groundings. As a result, three possible modes of cooperation are characterized: first, the empirical assessment of conditions that actually necessitate the translation of (...)
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  17. Holger Andreas (2008). Another Solution to the Problem of Theoretical Terms. Erkenntnis 69 (3):315 - 333.score: 30.0
    In this paper, a solution to the problem of theoretical terms is developed that is based on Carnap’s doctrine of indirect interpretation of theoretical terms. This doctrine will be given a semantic, model-theoretic explanation that is not given by Carnap himself as he remains content with a syntactic explanation. From that semantic explanation, rules for the truth-value assignment to postulates, i.e. sentences that determine the meaning of theoretical terms, are derived. The logical status of postulates will be clarified thereby in (...)
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  18. Nancy F. Bauer (1987). Advaita Vedānta and Contemporary Western Ethics. Philosophy East and West 37 (1):36-50.score: 30.0
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  19. Holger Andreas (2010). A Modal View of the Semantics of Theoretical Sentences. Synthese 174 (3):367 - 383.score: 30.0
    Modal logic has been applied in many different areas, as reasoning about time, knowledge and belief, necessity and possibility, to mention only some examples. In the present paper, an attempt is made to use modal logic to account for the semantics of theoretical sentences in scientific language. Theoretical sentences have been studied extensively since the work of Ramsey and Carnap. The present attempt at a modal analysis is motivated by there being several intended interpretations of the theoretical terms once these (...)
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  20. Frederick R. Bauer (2004). The Essence of Ethics. Ambassador Books, Inc..score: 30.0
    The framework -- The universe without (human) morality -- Preparing the stage for morality -- Getting closer : pre-game decisions about the rules -- Crossing the threshold of moral good and evil -- Qualifying as a sinner -- Qualifying as morally virtuous -- Motives distinguished from consequences -- Consequences -- Motives -- Three major motives -- Self regard -- Duty or obligation -- Altruistic love -- Why duty and altruistic love should be combined -- Degrees of moral goodness -- The (...)
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  21. Christian Bauer (1978). A Reflection on Universal Grammars. Synthese 37 (2):239 - 251.score: 30.0
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  22. Gordon B. Bauer & Heidi E. Harley (2001). The Mimetic Dolphin. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (2):326-327.score: 30.0
    Rendell and Whitehead note the necessary, complementary relationship between field and laboratory studies in other species, but conclude their article by de-emphasizing the role of laboratory findings in cetacean research. The ambiguity in field studies of cetaceans should argue for greater reliance on the laboratory, which has provided much of the available research supporting the hypothesis of cetacean culture.
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  23. Thomas Suslow, Patricia Ohrmann, Jochen Bauer, Astrid V. Rauch, Wolfram Schwindt, Volker Arolt, Walter Heindel & Harald Kugel (2006). Amygdala Activation During Masked Presentation of Emotional Faces Predicts Conscious Detection of Threat-Related Faces. Brain and Cognition 61 (3):243-248.score: 30.0
  24. Keith Bauer (2004). Covert Video Surveillance of Parents Suspected of Child Abuse: The British Experience and Alternative Approaches. [REVIEW] Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 25 (4):311-327.score: 30.0
    One million cases of child maltreatment and twelve hundred child deaths due to abuse and neglect occur per year. But since many cases of abuse and neglect remain either unreported or unsubstantiated due to insufficient evidence, the number of children who are abused, neglected, and killed at the hands of family caregivers is probably higher. One approach to combat child abuse in the U.K. has been the employment of hospital-based covert video surveillance (CVS) to monitor parents suspected of Munchausen Syndrome (...)
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  25. Annie Janvier, Karen Lynn Bauer & John D. Lantos (2007). Are Newborns Morally Different From Older Children? Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 28 (5):413-425.score: 30.0
    Policies and position statements regarding decision-making for extremely premature babies exist in many countries and are often directive, focusing on parental choice and expected outcomes. These recommendations often state survival and handicap as reasons for optional intervention. The fact that such outcome statistics would not justify such approaches in other populations suggests that some other powerful factors are at work. The value of neonatal intensive care has been scrutinized far more than intensive care for older patients and suggests that neonatal (...)
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  26. Keith Bauer (2004). Cybermedicine and the Moral Integrity of the Physician–Patient Relationship. Ethics and Information Technology 6 (2):83-91.score: 30.0
    Some critiques of cybermedicine claim that it is problematic because it fails to create physician–patient relationships. But, electronically mediated encounters do create such relationships. The issue is the nature and quality of those relationships and whether they are conducive to good patient care and meet the ethical ideals and standards of medicine. In this paper, I argue that effective communication and compassion are, in most cases, necessary for the establishment of trusting and morally appropriate physician–patient relationships. The creation of these (...)
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  27. Laurie Bauer & Winifred Boagey (1977). The Grammar of Case: Towards a Localistic Theory. [REVIEW] Linguistics and Philosophy 1 (1):119-152.score: 30.0
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  28. Keith Bauer, Sara Taub & Kayhan Parsi (2004). Ethical Issues in Tissue Banking for Research: A Brief Review of Existing Organizational Policies. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 25 (2):113-142.score: 30.0
    Based on a general review of international, representative tissue banking policies that were described in the medical, ethics, and legal literature, this paper reviews the range of standards, both conceptually and in existing regulations, relevant to four main factors:(1) commercialization, (2) confidentiality, (3) informed consent, and (4) quality of research. These four factors were selected as reflective of some of the major ethical considerations that arise in the conduct of tissue banking research. The authors emphasize that any policy or ethical (...)
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  29. Holger Andreas (2004). Das Problem der Chronometerauswahl. Journal for General Philosophy of Science 35 (2):205 - 234.score: 30.0
    On Choice of Time Metric. What criteria ought to be satisfied by those observable processes which, accompanied by a function assigning values to intervals of that processes, serve as the standard for measurement of time? In how far do the criteria which can reasonably be established admit of an unambigous definition of time metric? That are the questions to which I have addressed myself in the paper. Peter Janich has aimed at solving the problem with careful avoidance of any reference (...)
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  30. Susanne Bauer (2008). Mining Data, Gathering Variables and Recombining Information: The Flexible Architecture of Epidemiological Studies. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 39 (4):415-428.score: 30.0
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  31. Martín López Corredoira, Carlos Castro Perelman, Juan Miguel Campanario, Brian Martin, Wolfgang Kundt, J. Marvin Herndon, Marian Apostol, Halton C. Arp, Tom Van Flandern, Andrei P. Kirilyuk & Henry H. Bauer, Against the Tide. A Critical Review by Scientists of How Physics and Astronomy Get Done.score: 30.0
    Nobody should have a monopoly of the truth in this universe. The censorship and suppression of challenging ideas against the tide of mainstream research, the blacklisting of scientists, for instance, is neither the best way to do and filter science, nor to promote progress in the human knowledge. The removal of good and novel ideas from the scientific stage is very detrimental to the pursuit of the truth. There are instances in which a mere unqualified belief can occasionally be converted (...)
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  32. Walter Bauer (2003). On the Relevance of Bildung for Democracy. Educational Philosophy and Theory 35 (2):211–225.score: 30.0
  33. Martin W. Bauer & George Gaskell (1999). Towards a Paradigm for Research on Social Representations. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 29 (2):163–186.score: 30.0
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  34. Rob Bauer, Jeroen Derwall & Rogér Otten (2007). The Ethical Mutual Fund Performance Debate: New Evidence From Canada. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 70 (2):111 - 124.score: 30.0
    Although the academic interest in ethical mutual fund performance has developed steadily, the evidence to date is mainly sample-specific. To tackle this critique, new research should extend to unexplored countries. Using this as a motivation, we examine the performance and risk sensitivities of Canadian ethical mutual funds vis-à-vis their conventional peers. In order to overcome the methodological deficiencies most prior papers suffered from, we use performance measurement approaches in the spirit of Carhart (1997, Journal of Finance 52(1): 57–82) and Ferson (...)
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  35. Frederick M. Smith, Jeffrey J. Kripal, Donald R. Davis, John Grimes, Narasingha P. Sil, Fritz Blackwell, Frank J. Korom, Glenn Wallis, Jerome H. Bauer & Elaine Craddock (2001). Book Reviews and Notices. [REVIEW] International Journal of Hindu Studies 5 (1):91-108.score: 30.0
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  36. Brigitte Cambon de Lavalette, Charles Tijus, Christine Leproux & Olivier Bauer (2005). Taxonomy Based Models for Reasoning: Making Inferences From Electronic Road Sign Information. [REVIEW] Foundations of Science 10 (1):25-45.score: 30.0
    Taxonomy Based modeling was applied to describe drivers’ mental models of variable message signs (VMS’s) displayed on expressways. Progress in road telematics has made it possible to introduce variable message signs (VMS’s). Sensors embedded in the carriageway every 500m record certain variables (speed, flow rate, etc.) that are transformed in real time into “driving times” to a given destination if road conditions do not change. VMS systems are auto-regulative Man-Machine (AMMI) systems which incorporate a model of the user: if the (...)
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  37. Walter E. Bauer (ed.) (1959). God and Caesar, a Christian Approach to Social Ethics. Minneapolis, Augsburg Publ. House.score: 30.0
     
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  38. Walter Bauer (2003). Introduction. Educational Philosophy and Theory 35 (2):133–137.score: 30.0
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  39. Patricia J. Bauer (1998). If It is Inevitable, It Need Not Be Imitated. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (5):684-685.score: 30.0
    Byrne & Russon provide illustrative examples of imitative abilities in nonhuman primates. The convincing aspects of the examples are not, however, their hierarchical or structured nature: Such organization may be inevitable and hence, does not require explanation via imitation. Rather, examples of imitation are derived from reproduction of behaviors and sequences that, from the organism's perspective, are arbitrary.
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  40. Catherine Lazers Bauer (1999). One Day on Earth: A Third Eye View. Cosmic Concepts.score: 30.0
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  41. Henry Bauer (1990). The Antithesis. Social Epistemology 4 (2):215 – 227.score: 30.0
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  42. Bruno Bauer (1989). The Trumpet of the Last Judgement Against Hegel the Atheist and Antichrist: An Ultimatum. E. Mellen Press.score: 30.0
  43. Frederick Bauer (2008). The Wonderful Myth Called Science. Solas Press.score: 30.0
  44. Widukind de Ridder (2011). The Philosophy and Politics of Bruno Bauer Krise und Kritik bei Bruno Bauer: Kategorien des Politischen im nachhegelschen Denken. Historical Materialism 19 (2):160-174.score: 21.0
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  45. William A. Bauer (2010). The Ontology of Pure Dispositions. Dissertation, University of Nebraska-Lincolnscore: 20.0
    This dissertation defends and develops the thesis that some instances, or tokens, of dispositional properties are pure. A pure disposition has no causal basis in any further properties beyond the disposition. A causal basis typically consists of some set of properties underlying a disposition that enables the disposition to manifest when stimulated in the appropriate circumstances. For example, a vase is fragile because it is disposed to break when a hammer or other suitable object strikes it, where the causal basis (...)
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  46. Nathan Bauer (2010). Kant's Subjective Deduction. British Journal for the History of Philosophy 18 (3):433-460.score: 20.0
    In the transcendental deduction, the central argument of the Critique of Pure Reason, Kant seeks to secure the objective validity of our basic categories of thought. He distinguishes objective and subjective sides of this argument. The latter side, the subjective deduction, is normally understood as an investigation of our cognitive faculties. It is identified with Kant’s account of a threefold synthesis involved in our cognition of objects of experience, and it is said to precede and ground Kant’s proof of the (...)
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  47. William A. Bauer (2011). An Argument for the Extrinsic Grounding of Mass. Erkenntnis 74 (1):81-99.score: 20.0
    Several philosophers of science and metaphysicians claim that the dispositional properties of fundamental particles, such as the mass, charge, and spin of electrons, are ungrounded in any further properties. It is assumed by those making this argument that such properties are intrinsic, and thus if they are grounded at all they must be grounded intrinsically. However, this paper advances an argument, with one empirical premise and one metaphysical premise, for the claim that mass is extrinsically grounded and is thus an (...)
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  48. Henry H. Bauer (2003). The Progress of Science and Implications for Science Studies and for Science Policy. Perspectives on Science 11 (2):236-278.score: 20.0
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  49. Dominique Bauer (2006). Homosexuality Within the Context of Social Institutionalisation and Moral Sense. Ethical Perspectives 13 (1):61-89.score: 20.0
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