13 found
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  1.  8
    Arber Tasimi, Susan Gelman, Andrei Cimpian & Joshua Knobe (forthcoming). Differences in the Evaluation of Generic Statements About Human and Non-Human Categories. Cognitive Science.
    Generic statements (e.g., “Birds lay eggs”) express generalizations about categories. Current theories suggest that people should be especially inclined to accept generics that involve threatening information. However, previous tests of this claim have focused on generics about non-human categories, which raises the question of whether this effect applies as readily to human categories. In Experiment 1, adults were more likely to accept generics involving a threatening (vs. a non-threatening) property for artifacts, but this negativity bias did not also apply to (...)
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  2.  31
    Amanda Brandone, Andrei Cimpian, Sarah-Jane Leslie & Susan Gelman (2012). Do Lions Have Manes? For Children, Generics Are About Kinds, Not Quantities. Child Development 83:423-433.
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  3.  55
    Andrei Cimpian, Amanda C. Brandone & Susan A. Gelman (2010). Generic Statements Require Little Evidence for Acceptance but Have Powerful Implications. Cognitive Science 34 (8):1452-1482.
    Generic statements (e.g., “Birds lay eggs”) express generalizations about categories. In this paper, we hypothesized that there is a paradoxical asymmetry at the core of generic meaning, such that these sentences have extremely strong implications but require little evidence to be judged true. Four experiments confirmed the hypothesized asymmetry: Participants interpreted novel generics such as “Lorches have purple feathers” as referring to nearly all lorches, but they judged the same novel generics to be true given a wide range of prevalence (...)
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  4.  30
    Andrei Cimpian & Erika Salomon (forthcoming). The Inherence Heuristic: An Intuitive Means of Making Sense of the World, and a Potential Precursor to Psychological Essentialism. Behavioral and Brain Sciences:1-78.
    We propose that human reasoning relies on an inherence heuristic, an implicit cognitive process that leads people to explain observed patterns (e.g., girls wear pink) in terms of the inherent features of their constituents (e.g., pink is an inherently feminine color). We then demonstrate how this proposed heuristic can provide a unified account for a broad set of findings spanning areas of research that might at first appear unrelated (e.g., system justification, nominal realism, is–ought errors in moral reasoning). By revealing (...)
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  5.  13
    Andrei Cimpian & Ellen M. Markman (2008). Preschool Children’s Use of Cues to Generic Meaning. Cognition 107 (1):19-53.
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  6.  7
    Andrei Cimpian & Ellen M. Markman (2009). Information Learned From Generic Language Becomes Central to Children’s Biological Concepts: Evidence From Their Open-Ended Explanations. Cognition 113 (1):14-25.
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  7.  4
    Andrei Cimpian & Rose M. Scott (2012). Children Expect Generic Knowledge to Be Widely Shared. Cognition 123 (3):419-433.
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  8.  9
    Andrei Cimpian & Cristina Cadena (2010). Why Are Dunkels Sticky? Preschoolers Infer Functionality and Intentional Creation for Artifact Properties Learned From Generic Language. Cognition 117 (1):62-68.
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  9.  2
    Shelbie L. Sutherland & Andrei Cimpian (2015). An Explanatory Heuristic Gives Rise to the Belief That Words Are Well Suited for Their Referents. Cognition 143:228-240.
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  10.  3
    Shelbie L. Sutherland, Andrei Cimpian, Sarah‐Jane Leslie & Susan A. Gelman (2015). Memory Errors Reveal a Bias to Spontaneously Generalize to Categories. Cognitive Science 39 (5):1021-1046.
    Much evidence suggests that, from a young age, humans are able to generalize information learned about a subset of a category to the category itself. Here, we propose that—beyond simply being able to perform such generalizations—people are biased to generalize to categories, such that they routinely make spontaneous, implicit category generalizations from information that licenses such generalizations. To demonstrate the existence of this bias, we asked participants to perform a task in which category generalizations would distract from the main goal (...)
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  11.  3
    Andrei Cimpian & Gina Petro (2014). Building Theory-Based Concepts: Four-Year-Olds Preferentially Seek Explanations for Features of Kinds. Cognition 131 (2):300-310.
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  12. Andrei Cimpian & JoAnn J. Park (2014). Tell Me About Pangolins! Evidence That Children Are Motivated to Learn About Kinds. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 143 (1):46-55.
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  13. Meredith Meyer, Andrei Cimpian & Sarah-Jane Leslie (2015). Women Are Underrepresented in Fields Where Success is Believed to Require Brilliance. Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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