Search results for 'Andrew A. Davis' (try it on Scholar)

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Profile: Andrew Davis (Claremont School of Theology)
  1. Frederick R. Davis (1997). William E. Davis, Jr., and Jerome A. Jackson, Eds., Contributions to the History of North American Ornithology. Journal of the History of Biology 30 (3):488-489.score: 390.0
  2. Andrew Davis (2013). To Read or Not to Read: Decoding Synthetic Phonics. Impact 2013 (20):1-38.score: 390.0
    In England, current government policy on children's reading is strongly prescriptive, insisting on the delivery of a pure and exclusive form of synthetic phonics, where letter sounds are learned and blended in order to ‘read’ text. A universally imposed phonics ‘check’ is taken by all five year olds and the results are widely reported. These policies are underpinned by the claim that research has shown systematic synthetic phonics to be the most effective way of teaching children to read. Andrew (...)
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  3. Stephen T. Davis (1976). Anselm And Question-Begging: A Reply To William Rowe'S Comments On Professor Davis' 'Does The Ontological Argument Beg The Question'. International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 7:448-457.score: 390.0
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  4. F. W. J. Schelling, Andrew A. Davis & Alexi I. Kukuljevic (2008). On Construction in Philosophy. Epoché: A Journal for the History of Philosophy 12 (2):269-288.score: 320.0
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  5. Elizabeth A. Chornesky, Ann M. Bartuska, Gregory H. Aplet, Kerry O. Britton, Jane Cummings-Carlson, Frank W. Davis, Jessica Eskow, Doria R. Gordon, Kurt W. Gottschalk, Robert A. Haack, Andrew J. Hansen, Richard N. Mack, Frank J. Rahel, Margaret A. Shannon, Lisa A. Wainger & T. Bently Wigley (2005). Science Priorities for Reducing the Threat of Invasive Species to Sustainable Forestry. Bioscience 55 (4):335.score: 270.0
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  6. Wayne A. Davis (2013). On Nonindexical Contextualism. Philosophical Studies 163 (2):561-574.score: 260.0
    Abstract MacFarlane distinguishes “context sensitivity” from “indexicality,” and argues that “nonindexical contextualism” has significant advantages over the standard indexical form. MacFarlane’s substantive thesis is that the extension of an expression may depend on an epistemic standard variable even though its content does not. Focusing on ‘knows,’ I will argue against the possibility of extension dependence without content dependence when factors such as meaning, time, and world are held constant, and show that MacFarlane’s nonindexical contextualism provides no advantages over indexical contextualism. (...)
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  7. Wayne A. Davis (2002). Reason, Emotion, and the Importance of Philosophy. Journal of Ayn Rand Studies 4 (1):1 - 23.score: 260.0
    Wayne A. Davis uses his theory of happiness to clarify and deepen Rand's theory of emotion. He distinguishes belief from knowledge, volitive from appetitive desire, and occurrent thinking from believing. He suggests that values in Rand's sense are things we volitively desire. Happiness is defined in terms of the sum of the products of the degree of belief and (volitive) desire functions over all thoughts. Davis then evaluates such Randian maxims as that happiness cannot be achieved (...)
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  8. Richard B. Davis (1995). The Principlism Debate: A Critical Overview. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 20 (1):85-105.score: 240.0
    Clouser and Gert’s 'A Critique of Principlism’ (1990) has ignited debate over the adequacy of substituting principlism for moral theory as a means for dealing with biomedical dilemmas. Clouser and Gert argue that this sort of substitution is not adequate to the task. I examine their argument in light of recent defences of principlism on this score, those of B. Andrew Lustig (1992), David Degrazia (1992), and Beauchamp and Childress (1994). I argue that both sides in the debate have (...)
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  9. Wayne A. Davis (1998). Implicature: Intention, Convention, and Principle in the Failure of Gricean Theory. Cambridge University Press.score: 240.0
    H. P. Grice virtually discovered the phenomenon of implicature (to denote the implications of an utterance that are not strictly implied by its content). Gricean theory claims that conversational implicatures can be explained and predicted using general psycho-social principles. This theory has established itself as one of the orthodoxes in the philosophy of language. Wayne Davis argues controversially that Gricean theory does not work. He shows that any principle-based theory understates both the intentionality of what a speaker implicates and (...)
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  10. Michael Davis (1998). Thinking Like an Engineer: Studies in the Ethics of a Profession. Oxford University Press.score: 240.0
    Michael Davis, a leading figure in the study of professional ethics, offers here both a compelling exploration of engineering ethics and a philosophical analysis of engineering as a profession. After putting engineering in historical perspective, Davis turns to the Challenger space shuttle disaster to consider the complex relationship between engineering ideals and contemporary engineering practice. Here, Davis examines how social organization and technical requirements define how engineers should (and presumably do) think. Later chapters test his analysis of (...)
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  11. Wayne A. Davis (1984). A Causal Theory of Intending. American Philosophical Quarterly 21 (1):43-54.score: 240.0
    My goal is to define intending. I defend the view that believing and desiring something are necessary for intending it. They are not sufficient, however, for some things we both expect and want (e.g., the sun to rise tomorrow) are unintendable. Restricting the objects of intention to our own future actions is unwarranted and unhelpful. Rather, the belief involved in intending must be based on the desire in a certain way. En route, I argue that expected but unwanted consequences are (...)
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  12. Wayne A. Davis (2005). Nondescriptive Meaning and Reference: An Ideational Semantics. Oxford University Press.score: 240.0
    Wayne Davis presents a highly original approach to the foundations of semantics, showing how the so-called "expression" theory of meaning can handle names and other problematic cases of nondescriptive meaning. The fact that thoughts have parts ("ideas" or "concepts") is fundamental: Davis argues that like other unstructured words, names mean what they do because they are conventionally used to express atomic or basic ideas. In the process he shows that many pillars of contemporary philosophical semantics, from twin earth (...)
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  13. Mark A. Davis, Mark G. Andersen & Mary B. Curtis (2001). Measuring Ethical Ideology in Business Ethics: A Critical Analysis of the Ethics Position Questionnaire. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 32 (1):35 - 53.score: 240.0
    Individual differences in ethical ideology are believed to play a key role in ethical decision making. Forsyths (1980) Ethics Position Questionnaire (EPQ) is designed to measure ethical ideology along two dimensions, relativism and idealism. This study extends the work of Forsyth by examining the construct validity of the EPQ. Confirmatory factor analyses conducted with independent samples indicated three factors – idealism, relativism, and veracity – account for the relationships among EPQ items. In order to provide further evidence of the instruments (...)
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  14. Robert A. Davis (2011). Brilliance of a Fire: Innocence, Experience and the Theory of Childhood. Journal of Philosophy of Education 45 (2):379-397.score: 240.0
    This essay offers an extensive rehabilitation and reappraisal of the concept of childhood innocence as a means of testing the boundaries of some prevailing constructions of childhood. It excavates in detail some of the lost histories of innocence in order to show that these are more diverse and more complex than established and pejorative assessments of them conventionally suggest. Recovering, in particular, the forgotten pedigree of the Romantic account of the innocence of childhood underlines its depth and furnishes an enriched (...)
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  15. Mark A. Davis, Nancy Brown Johnson & Douglas G. Ohmer (1998). Issue-Contingent Effects on Ethical Decision Making: A Cross-Cultural Comparison. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 17 (4):373-389.score: 240.0
    This experiment examined the effects of three elements comprising Jones' (1991) moral intensity construct, (social consensus, personal proximity, and magnitude of consequences) in a cross-cultural comparison of ethical decision making within a human resource management (HRM) context. Results indicated social consensus had the most potent effect on judgments of moral concern and judgments of immorality. An analysis of American, Eastern European, and Indonesian responses also indicted socio-cultural differences were moderated by the type of HRM ethical issue. In addition, individual differences (...)
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  16. James C. Conroy, Robert A. Davis & Penny Enslin (2008). Philosophy as a Basis for Policy and Practice: What Confidence Can We Have in Philosophical Analysis and Argument? Journal of Philosophy of Education 42 (s1):165-182.score: 240.0
    The purpose of this article is to suggest how philosophy might play a key, if precisely delineated, role in the shaping of policy that leads educational development. The argument begins with a reflection on the nature of confidence in the relationship between philosophy and policy. We note the widespread resistance to abstract theorising in the policy community, disguising the enormous potential of a philosophical approach. Defending a philosophically equipped approach to policy, which is inevitably theoretically laden, we argue that philosophical (...)
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  17. Wayne A. Davis (2013). Grice's Razor and Epistemic Invariantism. Journal of Philosophical Research 38:147-176.score: 240.0
    Grice’s Razor is a methodological principle that many philosophers and linguists have used to help justify pragmatic explanations of linguistic phenomena over semantic explanations. A number of authors in the debate over contextualism argue that an invariant semantics together with Grice’s (1975) conversational principles can account for the contextual variability of knowledge claims. I show here that the defense of Grice’s Razor found in these “Gricean invariantists,” and its use against epistemic contextualism, display all the problems pointed out earlier in (...)
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  18. Michael Davis, Andrew Kumiega & Ben Vliet (2013). Ethics, Finance, and Automation: A Preliminary Survey of Problems in High Frequency Trading. [REVIEW] Science and Engineering Ethics 19 (3):851-874.score: 240.0
    All of finance is now automated, most notably high frequency trading. This paper examines the ethical implications of this fact. As automation is an interdisciplinary endeavor, we argue that the interfaces between the respective disciplines can lead to conflicting ethical perspectives; we also argue that existing disciplinary standards do not pay enough attention to the ethical problems automation generates. Conflicting perspectives undermine the protection those who rely on trading should have. Ethics in finance can be expanded to include organizational and (...)
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  19. Jeffrey M. Perl, Natalie Zemon Davis & Barry Allen (2011). Fuzzy Studies a Symposium on the Consequence of Blur Part 1. Common Knowledge 17 (3):441-449.score: 240.0
    In this introduction to Part 1 of the Common Knowledge symposium, “Fuzzy Studies,” the journal's editor discusses four essays from the 1980s by Richard Rorty, in which Rorty chose to associate himself with various neopragmatists, Continental thinkers, and “left-wing Kuhnians” under the rubric of the “new fuzziness.” The term had been introduced as an insult by a philosopher of science with positivist leanings, but Rorty took it up as an “endearing” compliment, arguing that “to be less fuzzy” was also to (...)
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  20. Michael Davis, Andrew Kumiega & Ben Van Vliet (2013). Ethics, Finance, and Automation: A Preliminary Survey of Problems in High Frequency Trading. [REVIEW] Science and Engineering Ethics 19 (3):851-874.score: 240.0
    All of finance is now automated, most notably high frequency trading. This paper examines the ethical implications of this fact. As automation is an interdisciplinary endeavor, we argue that the interfaces between the respective disciplines can lead to conflicting ethical perspectives; we also argue that existing disciplinary standards do not pay enough attention to the ethical problems automation generates. Conflicting perspectives undermine the protection those who rely on trading should have. Ethics in finance can be expanded to include organizational and (...)
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  21. A. Davis (1986). Informed Dissent: The View of a Disabled Woman. Journal of Medical Ethics 12 (2):75-76.score: 240.0
    Madeleine Simms begins her article by saying that it will attempt to `redress the balance' of views on the conflicting rights of handicapped children and their parents. I, on the other hand, will argue that no semblance of a balance has yet been achieved, and that her questions and conclusions merely serve to tip the scales further away from a genuine rights-based theory to a pragmatic utilitarian assessment of individual `worth'.
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  22. Wayne A. Davis (1986). Warner on Enjoyment. Philosophy Research Archives 12:553-555.score: 240.0
    In ‘Davis on Enjoyment: A Reply’, Richard Warner replies to three objections against his ‘Enjoyment’ that I raised in my ‘A Causal Theory of Enjoyment’, and concludes that one of my examples in fact demonstrates a serious deficiency of my own account. I argue that Warner’s replies to my objections are unsatisfactory, and that his objection to my account had a ready solution.
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  23. Amanda Miller, Katherine Swett, Scott Burns, Nicole Davis, Fumiko Hoeft, Stephen A. Petrill & Laurie E. Cutting (2013). Comprehending Expository Texts: The Dynamic Neurobiological Correlates of Building a Coherent Text Representation. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7:853.score: 240.0
    Little is known about the neural correlates of expository text comprehension. In this study, we sought to identify neural networks underlying expository text comprehension, how those networks change over the course of comprehension, and whether information central to the overall meaning of the text is functionally distinct from peripheral information. Seventeen adult subjects read expository passages while being scanned using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). By convolving phrase onsets with the hemodynamic response function (HRF), we were able to identify regions (...)
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  24. Andrew Davis (2012). A Monstrous Regimen of Synthetic Phonics: Fantasies of Research-Based Teaching 'Methods' Versus Real Teaching. Journal of Philosophy of Education 46 (4):560-573.score: 240.0
    In England, Higher Education institutions, together with the schools whose staff they train, are being required to incorporate synthetic phonics as one of the key approaches to the teaching of reading. Yet even if synthetic phonics can be identified as one of the component ‘skills’ of reading, an assumption vigorously contested in this paper, it does not follow that it can or should be taught explicitly and independently of reading for meaning. Imposing such a ‘method’ is, at a deep level, (...)
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  25. John B. Davis & Robert McMaster (2007). The Individual in Mainstream Health Economics: A Case of Persona Non-Grata. [REVIEW] Health Care Analysis 15 (3):195-210.score: 240.0
    This paper is motivated by Davis’ [14] theory of the individual in economics. Davis’ analysis is applied to health economics, where the individual is conceived as a utility maximiser, although capable of regarding others’ welfare through interdependent utility functions. Nonetheless, this provides a restrictive and flawed account, engendering a narrow and abstract conception of care grounded in Paretian value and Cartesian analytical frames. Instead, a richer account of the socially embedded individual is advocated, which employs collective intentionality analysis. (...)
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  26. Victoria L. Buzzanga, Holly R. Miller, Sharon E. Perne, Julie A. Sander & Stephen F. Davis (1989). The Relationship Between Death Anxiety and Level of Self-Esteem: A Reassessment. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 27 (6):570-572.score: 230.0
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  27. Melanie S. Weaver, David A. Whiteside, Walter C. Janzen, Scott A. Moore & Stephen F. Davis (1982). A Preliminary Investigation Into the Source of Odor-Cue Production. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 19 (5):284-286.score: 230.0
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  28. A. L. Bailey, A. Caramazza, S. Carey, P. Cavanagh, A. Costa, G. Davis, S. Dehaene, J. Driver, J. Feldman & E. Freeman (2001). Abu-Akel, A., 263. Cognition 80:299.score: 230.0
     
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  29. Carol Fancott, Susan Jaglal, Victoria Quan, Katherine Berg, Cheryl A. Cott, Aileen Davis, John Flannery, Gillian Hawker, Michel D. Landry, Nizar N. Mahomed & Elizabeth Badley (2010). Rehabilitation Services Following Total Joint Replacement: A Qualitative Analysis of Key Processes and Structures to Decrease Length of Stay and Increase Surgical Volumes in Ontario, Canada. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 16 (4):724-730.score: 230.0
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  30. Vicky J. Meretsky, Lynn A. Maguire, Frank W. Davis, David M. Stoms, J. Michael Scott, Dennis Figg, Dale D. Goble, Brad Griffith, Scott E. Henke & Jacqueline Vaughn (2012). A State-Based National Network for Effective Wildlife Conservation. Bioscience 62 (11):970-976.score: 230.0
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  31. D. F. Aberle, A. K. Cohen, A. K. Davis, M. J. Levy Jr & F. X. Sutton (1950). The Functional Prerequisites of a Society. Ethics 60 (2):100 - 111.score: 210.0
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  32. Wayne A. Davis (1981). A Theory of Happiness. American Philosophical Quarterly 18 (April):111-20.score: 210.0
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  33. A. Davis (1988). Infanticide for the Handicapped Newborn--A Secular Rejection. Journal of Medical Ethics 14 (4):223-223.score: 210.0
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  34. Wayne A. Davis (1982). A Causal Theory of Enjoyment. Mind 91 (April):240-256.score: 210.0
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  35. Melanie S. Weaver, Stephen F. Davis & Scott A. Moore (1984). Odor-Based Runway Performance as a Function of Deprivation State, Squad Size, and Subject-Rotation Procedures. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 22 (2):155-158.score: 210.0
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  36. David Carr & Andrew Davis (1997). Can There Be a Moral Psychology of Democratic and Civic Education & Understanding Mathematics. Journal of Philosophy of Education 31 (2):355–364.score: 210.0
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  37. Andrew Davis (2006). High Stakes Testing and the Structure of the Mind: A Reply to Randall Curren. Journal of Philosophy of Education 40 (1):1–16.score: 210.0
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  38. Lisa A. Davis (2011). The Making of Nurse Professionals: A Transformational, Ethical Approach. Nursing Philosophy 12 (4):297-298.score: 210.0
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  39. Andrew Davis (1998). 1. The Need for a Philosophical Treatment of Assessment. Journal of Philosophy of Education 32 (1):1–18.score: 210.0
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  40. Andrew Davis (2013). Neuroscience and Education: At Best a Civil Partnership: A Response to Schrag. Journal of Philosophy of Education 47 (1):31-36.score: 210.0
    In this response, I agree with much of what Schrag says about the principled limits of neuroscience to inform educators' decisions about approaches to learning. However, I also raise questions about the extent to which discoveries about ‘deficits’ in brain function could possibly help teachers. I dispute Schrag's view that externalism/internalism debates in the philosophy of mind are relatively arcane and lack implications for the importance or otherwise for education of discoveries about the brain.
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  41. C. A. F. Rhys Davis (1936). Manu: A Study in Hindu Social Theory. By Kewal Motwani, A.M., Ph.D. (Madras: Ganesh & Co., 1934. Pp. Xxvii + 261. Price Rs. 3.). [REVIEW] Philosophy 11 (44):494-.score: 210.0
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  42. Stephen F. Davis, Scott A. Bailey & Ann M. Thompson (1993). Exposure to a Protein- and Tryptophan-Deficient Diet Results in Neophilia. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 31 (3):213-216.score: 210.0
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  43. A. J. Davis (2009). Anne J Davis. Interview by Ann Gallagher. Nursing Ethics 16 (5):662-664.score: 210.0
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  44. Andrew Davis (1998). 9. Is There a Future for Assessment and Accountability? Journal of Philosophy of Education 32 (1):145–152.score: 210.0
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  45. Stephen F. Davis, Elaine L. Cronin, Jerry A. Meriwether, Jerry Neideffer & Mary Nell Travis-Neideffer (1978). Shock-Elicited Attack and Biting as a Function of Chronic Vs. Acute Insulin Injection. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 12 (2):149-151.score: 210.0
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  46. A. J. Davis (2006). Book Review: And a Time to Die: How American Hospitals Shape the End of Life. [REVIEW] Nursing Ethics 13 (1):96-97.score: 210.0
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  47. Gary A. Davis & Mary E. Manske (1968). Effects of Prior Serial Learning of Solution Words Upon Anagram Problem Solving: A Serial Position Effect. Journal of Experimental Psychology 77 (1):101.score: 210.0
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  48. Rachel E. Davis, Devavrata Joshi, Krishan Patel, M. Briggs & Charles A. Vincent (2013). The Medical Student as a Patient: Attitudes Towards Involvement in the Quality and Safety of Health Care. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 19 (5):812-818.score: 210.0
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  49. Stephen F. Davis, Scott A. Bailey, Angela H. Becker & Cathy A. Grover (1990). Taste/Taste Potentiation as a Function of Age and Stimulus Intensity. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 28 (3):201-203.score: 210.0
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  50. Stephen F. Davis, Cathy A. Grover, Cyril J. Sadowski, James L. Tramill & P. Jeannie Kleinhammer-Tramill (1986). The Relationship Between the Type A Behavior Pattern and Process Versus Impact Achievement Motivation. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 24 (6):441-443.score: 210.0
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