Search results for 'Andrew A. Davis' (try it on Scholar)

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Profile: Andrew Davis (Claremont School of Theology)
  1.  1
    Stephen T. Davis (1972). A Defence of the Free Will Defence: STEPHEN T. DAVIS. Religious Studies 8 (4):335-344.
    In this paper I shall discuss a certain theodicy, or line of argument in response to the problem of evil, viz, the so-called ‘free will defence’. What I propose to do is defend this theodicy against an objection that has been made to it in recent years.
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  2.  35
    Frederick R. Davis (1997). William E. Davis, Jr., and Jerome A. Jackson, Eds., Contributions to the History of North American Ornithology. Journal of the History of Biology 30 (3):488-489.
  3. Stephen T. Davis (1976). Anselm And Question-Begging: A Reply To William Rowe'S Comments On Professor Davis' 'Does The Ontological Argument Beg The Question'. International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 7:448-457.
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  4.  4
    Andrew Davis (2013). To Read or Not to Read: Decoding Synthetic Phonics. Impact 2013 (20):1-38.
    In England, current government policy on children's reading is strongly prescriptive, insisting on the delivery of a pure and exclusive form of synthetic phonics, where letter sounds are learned and blended in order to ‘read’ text. A universally imposed phonics ‘check’ is taken by all five year olds and the results are widely reported. These policies are underpinned by the claim that research has shown systematic synthetic phonics to be the most effective way of teaching children to read. Andrew (...)
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  5.  20
    F. W. J. Schelling, Andrew A. Davis & Alexi I. Kukuljevic (2008). On Construction in Philosophy. Epoché: A Journal for the History of Philosophy 12 (2):269-288.
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  6.  89
    Richard B. Davis (1995). The Principlism Debate: A Critical Overview. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 20 (1):85-105.
    Clouser and Gert’s 'A Critique of Principlism’ (1990) has ignited debate over the adequacy of substituting principlism for moral theory as a means for dealing with biomedical dilemmas. Clouser and Gert argue that this sort of substitution is not adequate to the task. I examine their argument in light of recent defences of principlism on this score, those of B. Andrew Lustig (1992), David Degrazia (1992), and Beauchamp and Childress (1994). I argue that both sides in the debate have (...)
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  7.  17
    Michael Davis, Andrew Kumiega & Ben Van Vliet (2013). Ethics, Finance, and Automation: A Preliminary Survey of Problems in High Frequency Trading. [REVIEW] Science and Engineering Ethics 19 (3):851-874.
    All of finance is now automated, most notably high frequency trading. This paper examines the ethical implications of this fact. As automation is an interdisciplinary endeavor, we argue that the interfaces between the respective disciplines can lead to conflicting ethical perspectives; we also argue that existing disciplinary standards do not pay enough attention to the ethical problems automation generates. Conflicting perspectives undermine the protection those who rely on trading should have. Ethics in finance can be expanded to include organizational and (...)
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  8.  19
    Michael Davis, Andrew Kumiega & Ben Vliet (2013). Ethics, Finance, and Automation: A Preliminary Survey of Problems in High Frequency Trading. [REVIEW] Science and Engineering Ethics 19 (3):851-874.
    All of finance is now automated, most notably high frequency trading. This paper examines the ethical implications of this fact. As automation is an interdisciplinary endeavor, we argue that the interfaces between the respective disciplines can lead to conflicting ethical perspectives; we also argue that existing disciplinary standards do not pay enough attention to the ethical problems automation generates. Conflicting perspectives undermine the protection those who rely on trading should have. Ethics in finance can be expanded to include organizational and (...)
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  9.  2
    Andrew Davis (2012). A Monstrous Regimen of Synthetic Phonics: Fantasies of Research-Based Teaching 'Methods' Versus Real Teaching. Journal of Philosophy of Education 46 (4):560-573.
    In England, Higher Education institutions, together with the schools whose staff they train, are being required to incorporate synthetic phonics as one of the key approaches to the teaching of reading. Yet even if synthetic phonics can be identified as one of the component ‘skills’ of reading, an assumption vigorously contested in this paper, it does not follow that it can or should be taught explicitly and independently of reading for meaning. Imposing such a ‘method’ is, at a deep level, (...)
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  10.  1
    Andrew Davis (2016). On the Limits of Language in a Hegelian Metaphysics. In Allegra de Laurentiis (ed.), Hegel and Metaphysics: On Logic and Ontology in the System. De Gruyter 181-196.
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  11.  12
    Andrew Davis (2013). Neuroscience and Education: At Best a Civil Partnership: A Response to Schrag. Journal of Philosophy of Education 47 (1):31-36.
    In this response, I agree with much of what Schrag says about the principled limits of neuroscience to inform educators' decisions about approaches to learning. However, I also raise questions about the extent to which discoveries about ‘deficits’ in brain function could possibly help teachers. I dispute Schrag's view that externalism/internalism debates in the philosophy of mind are relatively arcane and lack implications for the importance or otherwise for education of discoveries about the brain.
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  12.  9
    David Carr & Andrew Davis (1997). Can There Be a Moral Psychology of Democratic and Civic Education & Understanding Mathematics. Journal of Philosophy of Education 31 (2):355–364.
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  13.  7
    Andrew Davis (2006). High Stakes Testing and the Structure of the Mind: A Reply to Randall Curren. Journal of Philosophy of Education 40 (1):1–16.
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  14.  6
    Andrew Davis (1998). 1. The Need for a Philosophical Treatment of Assessment. Journal of Philosophy of Education 32 (1):1–18.
  15.  2
    Andrew Davis (1998). 9. Is There a Future for Assessment and Accountability? Journal of Philosophy of Education 32 (1):145–152.
  16. David Carr & Andrew Davis (1997). Can There Be a Moral Psychology of Democratic and Civic Education & Understanding Mathematics. Journal of the Philosophy of Education 31 (2):355-364.
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  17. Andrew Davis (1998). 9. Is There a Future for Assessment and Accountability? Journal of the Philosophy of Education 32 (1):145-152.
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  18. Andrew Davis (1998). 1. The Need for a Philosophical Treatment of Assessment. Journal of the Philosophy of Education 32 (1):1-18.
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  19.  70
    Michael Davis (1998). Thinking Like an Engineer: Studies in the Ethics of a Profession. Oxford University Press.
    Michael Davis, a leading figure in the study of professional ethics, offers here both a compelling exploration of engineering ethics and a philosophical analysis of engineering as a profession. After putting engineering in historical perspective, Davis turns to the Challenger space shuttle disaster to consider the complex relationship between engineering ideals and contemporary engineering practice. Here, Davis examines how social organization and technical requirements define how engineers should (and presumably do) think. Later chapters test his analysis of (...)
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  20.  17
    Mark A. Davis, Nancy Brown Johnson & Douglas G. Ohmer (1998). Issue-Contingent Effects on Ethical Decision Making: A Cross-Cultural Comparison. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 17 (4):373-389.
    This experiment examined the effects of three elements comprising Jones' (1991) moral intensity construct, (social consensus, personal proximity, and magnitude of consequences) in a cross-cultural comparison of ethical decision making within a human resource management (HRM) context. Results indicated social consensus had the most potent effect on judgments of moral concern and judgments of immorality. An analysis of American, Eastern European, and Indonesian responses also indicted socio-cultural differences were moderated by the type of HRM ethical issue. In addition, individual differences (...)
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  21.  38
    Mark A. Davis, Mark G. Andersen & Mary B. Curtis (2001). Measuring Ethical Ideology in Business Ethics: A Critical Analysis of the Ethics Position Questionnaire. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 32 (1):35 - 53.
    Individual differences in ethical ideology are believed to play a key role in ethical decision making. Forsyths (1980) Ethics Position Questionnaire (EPQ) is designed to measure ethical ideology along two dimensions, relativism and idealism. This study extends the work of Forsyth by examining the construct validity of the EPQ. Confirmatory factor analyses conducted with independent samples indicated three factors – idealism, relativism, and veracity – account for the relationships among EPQ items. In order to provide further evidence of the instruments (...)
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  22.  62
    Wayne A. Davis (1984). A Causal Theory of Intending. American Philosophical Quarterly 21 (1):43-54.
    My goal is to define intending. I defend the view that believing and desiring something are necessary for intending it. They are not sufficient, however, for some things we both expect and want (e.g., the sun to rise tomorrow) are unintendable. Restricting the objects of intention to our own future actions is unwarranted and unhelpful. Rather, the belief involved in intending must be based on the desire in a certain way. En route, I argue that expected but unwanted consequences are (...)
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  23.  20
    Robert A. Davis (2011). Brilliance of a Fire: Innocence, Experience and the Theory of Childhood. Journal of Philosophy of Education 45 (2):379-397.
    This essay offers an extensive rehabilitation and reappraisal of the concept of childhood innocence as a means of testing the boundaries of some prevailing constructions of childhood. It excavates in detail some of the lost histories of innocence in order to show that these are more diverse and more complex than established and pejorative assessments of them conventionally suggest. Recovering, in particular, the forgotten pedigree of the Romantic account of the innocence of childhood underlines its depth and furnishes an enriched (...)
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  24.  6
    John B. Davis & Robert McMaster (2007). The Individual in Mainstream Health Economics: A Case of Persona Non-Grata. [REVIEW] Health Care Analysis 15 (3):195-210.
    This paper is motivated by Davis’ [14] theory of the individual in economics. Davis’ analysis is applied to health economics, where the individual is conceived as a utility maximiser, although capable of regarding others’ welfare through interdependent utility functions. Nonetheless, this provides a restrictive and flawed account, engendering a narrow and abstract conception of care grounded in Paretian value and Cartesian analytical frames. Instead, a richer account of the socially embedded individual is advocated, which employs collective intentionality analysis. (...)
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  25.  4
    Stephanie A. Malone, Marina Kalashnikova & Erin M. Davis (2015). Is It a Name or a Fact? Disambiguation of Reference Via Exclusivity and Pragmatic Reasoning. Cognitive Science 40 (4).
    Adults reason by exclusivity to identify the meanings of novel words. However, it is debated whether, like children, they extend this strategy to disambiguate other referential expressions. To further inform this debate, this study tested 41 adults on four conditions of a disambiguation task: label/label, fact/fact, label/fact, and fact/label. Participants also provided a verbal explanation for their referent selections to tease apart the underlying processes. Results indicated that adults successfully discerned the target object in the label/label and label/fact condition, yet (...)
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  26.  12
    James C. Conroy, Robert A. Davis & Penny Enslin (2008). Philosophy as a Basis for Policy and Practice: What Confidence Can We Have in Philosophical Analysis and Argument? Journal of Philosophy of Education 42 (s1):165-182.
    The purpose of this article is to suggest how philosophy might play a key, if precisely delineated, role in the shaping of policy that leads educational development. The argument begins with a reflection on the nature of confidence in the relationship between philosophy and policy. We note the widespread resistance to abstract theorising in the policy community, disguising the enormous potential of a philosophical approach. Defending a philosophically equipped approach to policy, which is inevitably theoretically laden, we argue that philosophical (...)
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  27.  18
    Thomas R. Wells & John B. Davis (2012). Identity Problems: An Interview with John B. Davis. Erasmus Journal for Philosophy and Economics 5 (2):81-103.
    In this interview, professor Davis discusses the evolution of his career and research interests as a philosopher-economist and gives his perspective on a number of important issues in the field. He argues that historians and methodologists of economics should be engaged in the practice of economics, and that historians should be more open to philosophical analysis of the content of economic ideas. He suggests that the history of recent economics is a particularly fruitful and important area for research exactly (...)
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  28.  6
    Jeffrey M. Perl, Natalie Zemon Davis & Barry Allen (2011). Fuzzy Studies a Symposium on the Consequence of Blur Part 1. Common Knowledge 17 (3):441-449.
    In this introduction to Part 1 of the Common Knowledge symposium, “Fuzzy Studies,” the journal's editor discusses four essays from the 1980s by Richard Rorty, in which Rorty chose to associate himself with various neopragmatists, Continental thinkers, and “left-wing Kuhnians” under the rubric of the “new fuzziness.” The term had been introduced as an insult by a philosopher of science with positivist leanings, but Rorty took it up as an “endearing” compliment, arguing that “to be less fuzzy” was also to (...)
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  29.  2
    Stephen T. Davis (1979). Divine Omniscience and Human Freedom: STEPHEN T. DAVIS. Religious Studies 15 (3):303-316.
    Theists typically believe the following two propositions: God is omniscient, and Human beings are free. Are they consistent? In order to decide, we must first ask what they mean. Roughly, let us say that a being is omniscient if for any proposition he knows whether it is true or false. Since I have no wish to deny that there are true and false propositions about future states of affairs , omniscience includes foreknowledge, which we can say is knowledge of the (...)
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  30.  3
    A. Davis (1986). Informed Dissent: The View of a Disabled Woman. Journal of Medical Ethics 12 (2):75-76.
    Madeleine Simms begins her article by saying that it will attempt to `redress the balance' of views on the conflicting rights of handicapped children and their parents. I, on the other hand, will argue that no semblance of a balance has yet been achieved, and that her questions and conclusions merely serve to tip the scales further away from a genuine rights-based theory to a pragmatic utilitarian assessment of individual `worth'.
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  31.  1
    Victoria L. Buzzanga, Holly R. Miller, Sharon E. Perne, Julie A. Sander & Stephen F. Davis (1989). The Relationship Between Death Anxiety and Level of Self-Esteem: A Reassessment. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 27 (6):570-572.
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  32.  2
    Melanie S. Weaver, David A. Whiteside, Walter C. Janzen, Scott A. Moore & Stephen F. Davis (1982). A Preliminary Investigation Into the Source of Odor-Cue Production. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 19 (5):284-286.
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  33. A. L. Bailey, A. Caramazza, S. Carey, P. Cavanagh, A. Costa, G. Davis, S. Dehaene, J. Driver, J. Feldman & E. Freeman (2001). Abu-Akel, A., 263. Cognition 80:299.
     
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  34. A. Alexander, A. Andrew, Kallio Sakari & Revonsuo Antti (2007). Hypnosis Induces a Changed Composition of Brain Oscillations in EEG: A Case Study. Contemporary Hypnosis 24 (1):3-18.
     
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  35. Carol Fancott, Susan Jaglal, Victoria Quan, Katherine Berg, Cheryl A. Cott, Aileen Davis, John Flannery, Gillian Hawker, Michel D. Landry, Nizar N. Mahomed & Elizabeth Badley (2010). Rehabilitation Services Following Total Joint Replacement: A Qualitative Analysis of Key Processes and Structures to Decrease Length of Stay and Increase Surgical Volumes in Ontario, Canada. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 16 (4):724-730.
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  36.  48
    Wayne A. Davis (1981). A Theory of Happiness. American Philosophical Quarterly 18 (April):111-20.
  37.  11
    C. Davis, N. J. Loxton, R. D. Levitan, A. S. Kaplan, J. C. Carter & J. L. Kennedy, Corrigendum to "'Food Addiction' and its Association with a Dopaminergic Multilocus Genetic Profile" [Physiol. Behav. 63-69]. [REVIEW]
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  38.  76
    D. F. Aberle, A. K. Cohen, A. K. Davis, M. J. Levy Jr & F. X. Sutton (1950). The Functional Prerequisites of a Society. Ethics 60 (2):100 - 111.
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  39.  13
    Wayne A. Davis (1982). A Causal Theory of Enjoyment. Mind 91 (April):240-256.
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  40.  2
    Stephen F. Davis & Shala A. Rossheim (1980). Defensive Burying as a Function of Insulin-Induced Hypoglycemia and Type of Aversive Stimulation. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 16 (3):229-231.
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  41.  4
    Stephen F. Davis, Elaine L. Cronin, Jerry A. Meriwether, Jerry Neideffer & Mary Nell Travis-Neideffer (1978). Shock-Elicited Attack and Biting as a Function of Chronic Vs. Acute Insulin Injection. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 12 (2):149-151.
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  42.  2
    Angela H. Becker, Stephen F. Davis, Cathy A. Grover & Cynthia A. Erickson (1990). Effects of a Protein- and Tryptophan-Deficient Diet Upon Complex Maze Performance. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 28 (2):126-128.
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  43. Stephen F. Davis, Lisa A. Cunningham, Tom J. Burke, M. Melissa Richard, William M. Langley & John Theis (1986). A Preliminary Analysis of the Suppressive Effects of Denatonium Saccharide. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 24 (3):229-232.
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  44.  2
    Stephen F. Davis, Cathy A. Grover & Cynthia A. Erickson (1987). A Comparison of the Aversiveness of Denatonium Saccharide and Quinine in Humans. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 25 (6):462-463.
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  45. Angela H. Becker, Stephen F. Davis, Cathy A. Grover & Cynthia A. Erickson (1989). The Effects of a Tryptophan- and Protein-Deficient Diet Upon Growth in Rats. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 27 (4):345-347.
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  46.  9
    Stephen F. Davis, Scott A. Bailey & Ann M. Thompson (1993). Exposure to a Protein- and Tryptophan-Deficient Diet Results in Neophilia. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 31 (3):213-216.
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  47.  2
    Stephen F. Davis, David A. Whiteside, Douglas G. Heck, Virginia A. Dickson & James L. Tramill (1981). Defensive Burying: A Cross-Species Replication and Extension. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 17 (1):45-47.
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  48.  9
    Melanie S. Weaver, Stephen F. Davis & Scott A. Moore (1984). Odor-Based Runway Performance as a Function of Deprivation State, Squad Size, and Subject-Rotation Procedures. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 22 (2):155-158.
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  49.  2
    J. Liaschenko & A. J. Davis (1991). Nurses and Physicians on Nutritional Support: A Comparison. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 16 (3):259-283.
    During the last decade, several court cases have focused attention on the moral and legal aspects of withholding or withdrawing food and fluids from certain patients. The courts have not been unanimous in their judgments on these matters. In attempting to explore this issue, this article reviews both the nursing and medical literature on the withdrawing and withholding of food and fluids with particular attention to empirical studies. Several themes which emerge from the literature are used to explore the similarities (...)
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  50.  7
    Gary A. Davis & Mary E. Manske (1968). Effects of Prior Serial Learning of Solution Words Upon Anagram Problem Solving: A Serial Position Effect. Journal of Experimental Psychology 77 (1):101.
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