Search results for 'Andrew B. Cohen' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. C. B. Cohen, S. E. Wheeler & D. A. Scott (2000). Prayer is Therapy-Cynthia B. Cohen, Sondra E. Wheeler, and David A. Scott Reply. Hastings Center Report 30 (6):5-5.score: 1640.0
     
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  2. Eugenia L. Siegler & Andrew B. Cohen (2011). Conflicts Over Control and Use of Medical Records at the New York Hospital Before the Standardization Movement. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 39 (4):640-648.score: 870.0
    Historians of medicine generally credit the hospital standardization movement of the early 20th century with establishing the record as a sign of hospital and staff quality. The medical record's role had already been the subject of intense interest at the New York Hospital several decades before, however. In the 1880s malpractice and insurance concerns caused the administration to attempt to supervise record creation, quality, and access, over the objections of physicians. Contemporary concerns about the uses of the medical record were (...)
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  3. Spencer Abraham, Ray Anderson, Nik Ansell, St Thomas Aquinas, St Francis of Assisi, William Baxter, Philip J. Bentley, Joachim Blatter, Murray Bookchin, Maya Brennan, Majora Carter, Carl Cohen, Deane Curtin, Herman Daly, David DeGrazia, Bill Devall, Calvin DeWitt, David Ehrenfeld, Paul, Anne Ehrlich, Robert Elliot, Stuart Ewen, Nuria Fernandez, Stephen Gardiner, Ramachandra Guha, Garrett Hardin, Eugene Hargrove, John Hasse, Po-Keung Ip, Ralf Isenmann, Kauser Jahan, Marianne B. Karsh, Andrew Kernohan, Marti Kheel, Kenneth Kraft, Aldo Leopold, Miriam MacGillis, Juan Martinez-Alier, Ed McGaa, Katie McShane, Roberto Mechoso, Arne Naess, Seyyed Hossein Nasr, Michael Nelson, Bryan Norton, Philip Nyhus, John O'Neil, Stephen Pacala, Ernest Partridge, Erv Peterson, Tom Regan, Holmes Rolston Iii, Lily-Marlene Russow, Mark Sagoff, Kristin Schrader-Frechette, Erroll Schweizer, George Sessions, Vandana Shiva, Peter Singer, Stephen Socolow, Paul Steidlmeier, Richard Sylvan, Bron Taylor & Paul Taylor (2009). Earthcare: An Anthology in Environmental Ethics. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.score: 810.0
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  4. Henrietta Schwartz, Ronald D. Cohen, Shields Jr, Mazoor Ahmed, Albert E. Bender, Paul J. Schafer, Charles S. Ungerleider, Andrew T. Kopan, Joseph Watras, George A. Letchworth, Ronald M. Brown, John H. Walker, Ralph B. Kimbrough, Roy L. Cox & Raymond Martin (1975). Book Review Section 2. [REVIEW] Ethics and Behavior 6 (3):222-237.score: 810.0
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  5. Andrew J. Hansen, Ray Rasker, Bruce Maxwell, Jay J. Rotella, Jerry D. Johnson, Andrea Wright Parmenter, Ute Langner, Warren B. Cohen, Rick L. Lawrence & Matthew P. V. Kraska (2002). Ecological Causes and Consequences of Demographic Change in the New West. BioScience 52 (2):151.score: 810.0
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  6. Andrew J. Hansen, Ray Rasker, Bruce Maxwell, Jay J. Rotella, Jerry D. Johnson, Andrea Wright Parmenter, Ute Langner, Warren B. Cohen, Rick L. Lawrence & Matthew P. V. Kraska (2002). Ecological Causes and Consequences of Demographic Change in the New West As Natural Amenities Attract People and Commerce to the Rural West, the Resulting Land-Use Changes Threaten Biodiversity, Even in Protected Areas, and Challenge Efforts to Sustain Local Communities and Ecosystems. BioScience 52 (2):151-162.score: 810.0
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  7. Andrew I. Cohen (2014). Philosophy, Ethics, and Public Policy: An Introduction. Routledge.score: 520.0
    What makes a policy work? What should policies attempt to do, and what ought they not do? These questions are at the heart of both policy-making and ethics. Philosophy, Ethics and Public Policy: An Introduction examines these questions and more. Andrew I. Cohen uses contemporary examples and controversies, mainly drawn from policy in a North American context, to illustrate important flashpoints in ethics and public policy, such as: public policy and globalization: sweatshops; medicine and the developing world; immigration (...)
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  8. Andrew Jason Cohen (2010). A Conceptual and (Preliminary) Normative Exploration of Waste. Social Philosophy and Policy 27 (2):233-273.score: 450.0
    In this paper, I first argue that waste is best understood as (a) any process wherein something useful becomes less useful and that produces less benefit than is lost—where benefit and usefulness are understood with reference to the same metric—or (b) the result of such a process. I next argue for the immorality of waste. My concluding suggestions are that (W1) if one person needs something for her preservation and a second person has it, is avoidably wasting it, and refuses (...)
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  9. Evelyn M. Cohen (2006). Malachi Beit-Arié, Unveiled Faces of Medieval Hebrew Books: The Evolution of Manuscript Production—Progression or Regression? Jerusalem: Hebrew University Magnes Press, 2003. Pp. 90 Plus 23 Black-and-White Plates. €30. Distributed by Brepols Publishers S.A./N.V., Begijnhof 67, B-2300 Turnhout, Belgium. [REVIEW] Speculum 81 (1):144-145.score: 360.0
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  10. Seymour S. Cohen (1979). Nucleosides & Nucleotides Chemistry and Biology of Nucleosides and Nucleotides R. E. Harmon R. K. Robins L. B. Townsend. BioScience 29 (11):690-690.score: 360.0
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  11. A. Bumpus, J. Cohen, S. Cohen, E. Conee, C. L. Elder, M. Ridge, M. Sabatés, E. C. Tiffany & D. Vander Laan (2001). Feldman, R., 61 Glanzberg, M., 217 Glymour, B., 271 Lycan, WG, 35 Predelli, S., 145. Philosophical Studies 103 (343).score: 360.0
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  12. A. J. Cohen (1994). Andrew Feenberg, Critical Theory of Technology. Theory and Society 23:575-575.score: 360.0
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  13. Alain J. -J. Cohen (1989). La Relecture Du Traité A.B.M. (1972). International Journal for the Semiotics of Law - Revue Internationale de Sémiotique Juridique 2 (3):247-256.score: 360.0
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  14. Joel E. Cohen (1979). Time Perspectives Time and Man L. R. B. Elton H. Messel. BioScience 29 (9):545-545.score: 360.0
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  15. Jack Cohen (2000). Major Philosophers of Jewish Prayer in the Twentieth Century. Fordham University Press.score: 300.0
    Major Philosophers of Jewish Prayer in the Twentieth Century addresses the troubling questions posed by the modern Jewish worshiper, including such obstacles to prayer as the inability to concentrate on the words and meanings of formal liturgy, the paucity of emotional involvement, the lack of theological conviction, the anthropomorphic and particularly the masculine emphasis of prayer nomenclature, and other matters. In assessing these difficultites, Cohen brings to the reader the writings on prayer of some seminal 20th century Jewish theologians. (...)
     
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  16. Franck L. B. Meijboom, Nina Cohen, Elsbeth N. Stassen & Frans W. A. Brom (2009). Beyond the Prevention of Harm: Animal Disease Policy as a Moral Question. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 22 (6):559-571.score: 280.0
    European animal disease policy seems to find its justification in a “harm to other” principle. Limiting the freedom of animal keepers—e.g., by culling their animals—is justified by the aim to prevent harm, i.e., the spreading of the disease. The picture, however, is more complicated. Both during the control of outbreaks and in the prevention of notifiable, animal diseases the government is confronted with conflicting claims of stakeholders who anticipate running a risk to be harmed by each other, and who ask (...)
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  17. Cynthia B. Cohen Peter J. Cohen (2010). International Stem Cell Tourism and the Need for Effective Regulation: Part I: Stem Cell Tourism in Russia and India: Clinical Research, Innovative Treatment, or Unproven Hype? Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 20 (1):pp. 27-49.score: 280.0
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  18. Gareth B. Matthews & S. Marc Cohen (1968). The One and the Many. Review of Metaphysics 21 (4):630-655.score: 280.0
    We discuss Aristotle's "Categories" as an answer to Plato's One-over-Many argument. For Plato, F-ness is something "over against" particular F things; to predicate "F" of these things is to assert that they all stand in a certain relation to F-ness. Aristotle answers that predication is classification; and there being a classification of a certain sort is a fact correlative with there being things classifiable in the way the classification in question would classify them.
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  19. Cynthia B. Cohen Peter J. Cohen (2010). International Stem Cell Tourism and the Need for Effective Regulation: Part II: Developing Sound Oversight Measures and Effective Patient Support. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 20 (3):207-230.score: 280.0
    Clinics and hospitals around the globe are offering stem cell treatments to persons with serious conditions for whom no effective therapies are available in their home countries. Many of these treatments, which are touted as cures for such conditions as Parkinson's and Alzheimer's Diseases, multiple sclerosis, and spinal cord injuries, have not gone through clinical trials that establish their safety and efficacy. Indeed, it is unclear whether some of them even utilize stem cells. State regulation of these therapies tends to (...)
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  20. Gareth B. Matthews & S. Marc Cohen (1967). Wants and Lacks. Journal of Philosophy 64 (14):455-456.score: 280.0
    Anthony Kenny says it is impossible to want what one already has and knows one has. We present a counter-example and then suggest that Kenny may have been misled by the fact that wanting expresses itself in goal-directed behavior. From the truism that one's behavior cannot be directed toward a goal that one knows one has already attained, Kenny may have been led to suppose that behavior directed toward an as yet unattained goal cannot express one's desire for what one (...)
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  21. Cynthia B. Cohen & Peter J. Cohen (1992). Required Reconsideration of "Do-Not-Resuscitate" Orders in the Operating Room and Certain Other Treatment Settings. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 20 (4):354-363.score: 280.0
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  22. G. B. Mattews & S. M. Cohen (1968). The One and Many. Review of Metaphysics 21 (4).score: 280.0
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  23. Sven Walter, B. McLaughlin & J. Cohen (2009). Epiphenomenalism and the Notion of Causation. In Martina Fürst, Wolfgang Gombocz & Christian Hiebaum (eds.), Gehirne Und Personen. Ontos.score: 280.0
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  24. Andrew Jason Cohen (2004). What Toleration Is. Ethics 115 (1):68-95.score: 240.0
    Attempting to settle various debates from recent literature regarding its precise nature, I offer a detailed conceptual analysis of toleration. I begin by isolating toleration from other notions; this provides us some guidance by introducing the eight definitional conditions of toleration that I then explicate and defend. Together, these eight conditions indicate that toleration is an agent’s intentional and principled refraining from interfering with an opposed other (or their behavior, etc.) in situations of diversity, where the agent believes she has (...)
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  25. Andrew Arato & Jean Cohen (2009). Banishing the Sovereign? Internal and External Sovereignty in Arendt. Constellations 16 (2):307-330.score: 240.0
  26. Cynthia B. Cohen (2002). Public Policy and the Sale of Human Organs. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 12 (1):47-64.score: 240.0
    : Gill and Sade, in the preceding article in this issue of the Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal, argue that living individuals should be free from legal constraints against selling their organs. The present commentary responds to several of their claims. It explains why an analogy between kidneys and blood fails; why, as a matter of public policy, we prohibit the sale of human solid organs, yet allow the sale of blood; and why their attack on Kant's putative argument against (...)
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  27. O. Cohen & B. J. Hiley (1996). Elements of Reality, Lorentz Invariance, and the Product Rule. Foundations of Physics 26 (1):1-15.score: 240.0
    Recently various gedankenexperiments have been formulated which argue that the assumption that “elements of reality” are Lorentz invariant cannot be reconciled with standard quantum mechanics. Two of these gedankenexperiments were subsequently analyzed using the notion of pre- and postselected quantum systems, and it was claimed that elements of reality can be made Lorentz invariant if the “product rule” of standard quantum mechanics is abandoned. In this paper we show that the apparent violations of the product rule in these gedankenexperiments are (...)
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  28. O. Cohen & B. J. Hiley (1995). Retrodiction in Quantum Mechanics, Preferred Lorentz Frames, and Nonlocal Measurements. Foundations of Physics 25 (12):1669-1698.score: 240.0
    We examine, in the context of the Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen-Bohm gedankenexperiment, problems associated with state reduction and with nonlocal influences according to different interpretations of quantum mechanics, when attempts are made to apply these interpretations in the relativistic domain. We begin by considering the significance of retrodiction within four different interpretations of quantum mechanics, and show that three of these interpretations, if applied in a relativistic context, can lead to ambiguities in their description of a process. We consider ways of dealing with (...)
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  29. Andrew Jason Cohen (1999). Communitarianism 'Social Constitution,' and Autonomy. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 80 (2):121–135.score: 240.0
    Communitarians like Alasdair MacIntyre, Charles Taylor, and Michael Sandel, defend what we may call the ‘social constitution thesis.’ This is the view that participation in society makes us what we are. This claim, however, is ambiguous. In an attempt to shed some light on it and to better understand the impact its truth would have on our beliefs regarding autonomy, I offer four possible ways it could be understood and four corresponding senses of individual independence and autonomy. I also indicate (...)
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  30. Andrew I. Cohen (2008). Dependent Relationships and the Moral Standing of Nonhuman Animals. Ethics and the Environment 13 (2):pp. 1-21.score: 240.0
    This essay explores whether dependent relationships might justify extending direct moral consideration to nonhuman animals. After setting out a formal conception of moral standing as relational, scalar, and unilateral, I consider whether and how an appeal to dependencies might be the basis for an animal’s moral standing. If dependencies generate reasons for extending direct moral consideration, such reasons will admit of significant variations in scope and stringency.
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  31. Andrew I. Cohen (2009). Compensation for Historic Injustices: Completing the Boxill and Sher Argument. Philosophy and Public Affairs 37 (1):81-102.score: 240.0
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  32. Andrew Jason Cohen (2000). Does Communitarianism Require Individual Independence? Journal of Ethics 4 (3):283-304.score: 240.0
    Critics of liberalism have argued that liberal individualismmisdescribes persons in ignoring the degree to which they aredependent on their communities. Indeed, they argue that personsare essentially socially constituted. In this paper, however, Iprovide two arguments – the first concerning communitariandescriptive claims about persons, our society, and the communitarian ideal society, and the second regarding thecommunitarian view of individual autonomy – that the communitariantheory of Alasdair MacIntyre, Charles Taylor, and Michael Sandel,relies on individuals either being independent from theircommunities or having a (...)
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  33. Phillip Karpowicz, Cynthia B. Cohen & Derek J. Van der Kooy (2005). Developing Human-Nonhuman Chimeras in Human Stem Cell Research: Ethical Issues and Boundaries. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 15 (2):107-134.score: 240.0
    : The transplantation of adult human neural stem cells into prenatal non-humans offers an avenue for studying human neural cell development without direct use of human embryos. However, such experiments raise significant ethical concerns about mixing human and nonhuman materials in ways that could result in the development of human-nonhuman chimeras. This paper examines four arguments against such research, the moral taboo, species integrity, "unnaturalness," and human dignity arguments, and finds the last plausible. It argues that the transfer of human (...)
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  34. Andrew Jason Cohen (2007). What the Liberal State Should Tolerate Within its Borders. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 37 (4):479-513.score: 240.0
    Two normative principles of toleration are offered, one individual-regarding, the other group-regarding. The first is John Stuart Mill’s harm principle; the other is “Principle T,” meant to be the harm principle writ large. It is argued that the state should tolerate autonomous sacrifices of autonomy, including instances where an individual rationally chooses to be enslaved, lobotomized, or killed. Consistent with that, it is argued that the state should tolerate internal restrictions within minority groups even where these prevent autonomy promotion of (...)
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  35. Andrew Jason Cohen (2008). Existentialist Voluntarism as a Source of Normativity. Philosophical Papers 37 (1):89-129.score: 240.0
    I defend a neo-Kantian view wherein we are capable of being completely autonomous and impartial and argue that this ability can ground normativity. As this view includes an existentialist conception of the self, I defend radical choice, a primary component of that conception, against arguments many take to be definitive. I call the ability to use radical choice “existentialist voluntarism” and bring it into a current debate in normative philosophy, arguing that it allows that we can be distanced from all (...)
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  36. Andrew J. Cohen (2000). Liberalism, Communitarianism, and Asocialism. Journal of Value Inquiry 34 (2/3):249-261.score: 240.0
    In this paper I look at three versions of the charge that liberalism’s emphasis on individuals is detrimental to community—that it encourages a pernicious disregard of others by fostering a particular understanding of the individual and the relation she has with her society. According to that understanding, individuals are fundamentally independent entities who only enter into relations by choice and society is seen as nothing more than a venture voluntarily entered into in order to better oneself. Communitarian critics argue that (...)
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  37. Andrew Jason Cohen (1999). In Defense of Nietzschean Genealogy. Philosophical Forum 30 (4):269–288.score: 240.0
    Using Alasdair MacIntyre as a foil, I defend what I take to be a viable Nietzschean genealogical account, showing that a proper perspectivism is neither perniciously subjectivist nor absolutist. I begin by arguing against MacIntyre’s assertion that genealogists are committed to the view that rationality requires neutrality and that as there is no neutrality, there is no rationality. I then continue by offering something of a reconstruction of Nietzsche’s view, designed partly to clarify the error pinpointed in MacIntyre’s arguments, but (...)
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  38. Andrew Jason Cohen (2000). On Universalism: Communitarians, Rorty, and (“Objectivist”) “Liberal Metaphysicians”. Southern Journal of Philosophy 38 (1):39-75.score: 240.0
    It is often claimed that liberalism is falsely and perniciously universalist. I take this charge seriously, exploring three positions: the communitarians’, Rorty’s, and that of “comprehensive” liberalism. After explaining why universalism is thought impossible, I examine the communitarian view that value is determined within communities and argue that it results in a form of relativism that is unacceptable. I next discuss Richard Rorty’s liberal acceptance of “conventionalism” and explain how, despite his rejection of universalism, Rorty remains a liberal. I then (...)
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  39. Cynthia B. Cohen (2005). Promises and Perils of Public Deliberation: Contrasting Two National Bioethics Commissions on Embryonic Stem Cell Research. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 15 (3):269-288.score: 240.0
    : National bioethics commissions have struggled to develop ethically warranted methods for conducting their deliberations. The National Bioethics Advisory Commission in its report on stem cell research adopted an approach to public deliberation indebted to Rawls in that it sought common ground consistent with shared values and beliefs at the foundation of a well-ordered democracy. In contrast, although the research cloning and stem cell research reports of the President's Council on Bioethics reveal that it broached two different methods of public (...)
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  40. Adam B. Cohen, Douglas T. Kenrick & Yexin Jessica Li (2006). Ecological Variability and Religious Beliefs. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (5):468-468.score: 240.0
    Religious beliefs, including those about an afterlife and omniscient spiritual beings, vary across cultures. We theorize that such variations may be predictably linked to ecological variations, just as differences in mating strategies covary with resource distribution. Perhaps beliefs in a soul or afterlife are more common when resources are unpredictable, and life is brutal and short.
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  41. Andrew Jason Cohen (2001). John Kekes, A Case for Conservatism:A Case for Conservatism. Ethics 111 (2):411-414.score: 240.0
    Review of John Kekes' *A Case for Conservatism*.
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  42. Benjamin G. Purzycki, Daniel N. Finkel, John Shaver, Nathan Wales, Adam B. Cohen & Richard Sosis (2012). What Does God Know? Supernatural Agents' Access to Socially Strategic and Non-Strategic Information. Cognitive Science 36 (5):846-869.score: 240.0
    Current evolutionary and cognitive theories of religion posit that supernatural agent concepts emerge from cognitive systems such as theory of mind and social cognition. Some argue that these concepts evolved to maintain social order by minimizing antisocial behavior. If these theories are correct, then people should process information about supernatural agents’ socially strategic knowledge more quickly than non-strategic knowledge. Furthermore, agents’ knowledge of immoral and uncooperative social behaviors should be especially accessible to people. To examine these hypotheses, we measured response-times (...)
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  43. John D. Sommer, Ed Casey, Mary C. Rawlinson, Eva Kittay, Michael A. Simon, Patrick Grim, Clyde Lee Miller, Rita Nolan, Marshall Spector, Don Ihde, Peter Williams, Anthony Weston, Donn Welton, Dick Howard, David A. Dilworth, Tom Foster Digby 3d, Anthony Appiah, David Auerbach, Annette Baier, Seyla Benhabib, Akeel Bilgrami, Richard Boyd, Robert Brandon, Joshua Cohen, Arnold Davidson, Owen Flanagan, Nancy Fraser, Marcia Lind, Alexander Nehamas, Linda Nicholson, Adrian Piper, Lynne Tirrell, Lawrence Blum, Lawrence Foster, Roma Farion, Mitchel Silver, Jenifer Radden, Jack Bayne, Robert K. Shope, Jane Roland Martin, Arthur B. Millman, Beebe Nelson, Robert Rosenfeld, Janet Farrell-Smith, David E. Flesche, Daniel E. Anderson, J. R. Brown, F. Cunningham, D. Goldstick, I. Hacking, C. Normore, A. Ripstein, W. Sumner, Alison M. Jaggar, Harry Deutsch, Irving Stein, John Hund, George Englebretsen, Fred Strohm, D. L. Ouren, P. Bilimoria, F. B. D. & Nora Nevin (1993). Letters to the Editor. Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 66 (5):97 - 112.score: 240.0
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  44. Andrew I. Cohen (2007). Contractarianism, Other-Regarding Attitudes, and the Moral Standing of Nonhuman Animals. Journal of Applied Philosophy 24 (2):188–201.score: 240.0
  45. Mary A. Majumder Cynthia B. Cohen (2009). Future Directions for Oversight of Stem Cell Research in the United States: An Update. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 19 (2):pp. 195-200.score: 240.0
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  46. Cynthia B. Cohen (2004). Stem Cell Research in the U.S. After the President's Speech of August 2001. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 14 (1):97-114.score: 240.0
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  47. Cynthia B. Cohen (1998). Wrestling with the Future: Should We Test Children for Adult-Onset Genetic Conditions? Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 8 (2):111-130.score: 240.0
    : Genetics professionals have been reluctant to test children for adult-onset conditions because they believe this would create psychosocial harm to children not counterbalanced by significant benefits. An additional concern they express is that such testing would violate the autonomy of these children as adults. Yet weighing the harms and benefits of such testing results in a draw, with no substantial harms proven. Moreover, such testing can enhance, rather than violate the adult autonomy of these children. In deciding whether (...)
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  48. Andrew I. Cohen (2009). Contractarianism and Interspecies Welfare Conflicts. Social Philosophy and Policy 26 (1):227-257.score: 240.0
    In this essay I describe how contractarianism might approach interspecies welfare conflicts. I start by discussing a contractarian account of the moral status of nonhuman animals. I argue that contractors can agree to norms that would acknowledge the of some animals. I then discuss how the norms emerging from contractarian agreement might constrain any comparison of welfare between humans and animals. Contractarian agreement is likely to express some partiality to humans in a way that discounts the welfare of some or (...)
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  49. Cynthia B. Cohen (2003). Creating Human-Nonhuman Chimeras: Of Mice and Men. American Journal of Bioethics 3 (3):3 – 5.score: 240.0
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  50. Cynthia B. Cohen (1999). Selling Bits and Pieces of Humans to Make Babies: The Gift of the Magi Revisited. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 24 (3):288 – 306.score: 240.0
    Reproductive medicine, a sector of a health care system increasingly captured by the demands of the marketplace, is enmeshed in a drive to sell certain human bits and pieces, such as gametes, cells, fetal eggs, and fetal ovaries, for reproductive purposes. The ethical objection raised by Kant and Radin to the sale of human organs -that this is incompatible with human dignity and worth - also applies to these sales. Moreover, such sales nullify the reproductive paradigm, irretrievably replacing it with (...)
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