Search results for 'Andrew E. Newman' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Andrew E. Newman (2005). Two Grades of Internalism (Pass and Fail). Philosophical Studies 122 (2):153-169.score: 960.0
    Internalism about mental content holds that microphysical duplicates must be mental duplicates full-stop. Anyone particle-for-particle indiscernible from someone who believes that Aristotle was wise, for instance, must share that same belief. Externalism instead contends that many perfectly ordinary propositional attitudes can be had only in certain sorts of physical, sociolinguistic, or historical context. To have a belief about Aristotle, for instance, a person must have been causally impacted in the right way by Aristotle himself (e.g., by hearing about him, or (...)
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  2. Andrew E. Newman (2004). The Good, the Bad, and the Irrational: Three Views of Mental Content. Philosophical Psychology 17 (1):95-106.score: 870.0
    Recent philosophy of psychology has seen the rise of so-called "dual-component" and "two-dimensional" theories of mental content as what I call a "Middle Way" between internalism (the view that contents of states like belief are "narrow") and externalism (the view that by and large, such contents are "wide"). On these Middle Way views, mental states are supposed to have two kinds of content: the "folk-psychological" kind, which we ordinarily talk about and which is wide; and some non-folk-psychological kind which is (...)
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  3. T. Andrew Poehlman & George E. Newman (2014). Potential: The Valuation of Imagined Future Achievement. Cognition 130 (1):134-139.score: 810.0
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  4. Andrew Newman, The Bundle Theory, the Principle of Unity for Elementary Particulars, and Some Issues.score: 450.0
    1 See for example, E. J. Lowe, The Possibility of Metaphysics, pp. 51-3, 210-220, and David Lewis, The Plurality of Worlds on the notion of concrete object. 2 The properties that are constituents of a particular should be intrinsic properties, though it need not be assumed that all its intrinsic properties are constituents. The notion of intrinsic property is easier if a sparse view (as opposed to an abundant view) of properties is assumed. A sparse view requires a criterion for (...)
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  5. Barbara Newman (1989). Maria Lodovica Arduini, Non fabula sed res: Politische Dichtung und dramatische Gestalt in den “Carmina” Ruperts von Deutz.(Temi e Testi, 33.) Rome: Edizioni di Storia e Letteratura, 1985. Paper. Pp. xv, 198. L 30,000. [REVIEW] Speculum 64 (1):113-115.score: 360.0
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  6. Martha G. Newman (2008). Olivier Legendre, Ed., Collectaneum Exemplorum Et Visionum Clarevallense E Codice Trecensi 946. (Corpus Christianorum, Continuatio Mediaeualis, 208; Exempla Medii Aevi, 2.) Turnhout: Brepols, 2005. Pp. Cxiv, 468; Tables. €250. [REVIEW] Speculum 83 (3):724-725.score: 360.0
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  7. Fred Newman & Lois Holzman (1999). The Ideas Presented in This Essay Were Developed in Many Conversational Contexts Between the Summer of 1997 and the Spring of 1998—From Supervisory Sessions with Social Therapists and Therapists-in-Training to Professional Conferences of Psychologists and Face-to-Face and E-Mail Dialogues with Narrative Therapists and Theorists. In Recent Books. [REVIEW] In Lois Holzman (ed.), Performing Psychology: A Postmodern Culture of the Mind. Routledge. 87.score: 360.0
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  8. William R. Newman (2009). Alchemical Atoms or Artisanal "Building Blocks"?: A Response to Klein. Perspectives on Science 17 (2):pp. 212-231.score: 300.0
    In a recent essay review of William R. Newman, Atoms and Alchemy (2006), Ursula Klein defends her position that philosophically informed corpuscularian theories of matter contributed little to the growing knowledge of "reversible reactions" and robust chemical species in the early modern period. Newman responds here by providing further evidence that an experimental, scholastic tradition of alchemy extending well into the Middle Ages had already argued extensively for the persistence of ingredients during processes of "mixture" (e.g. chemical reactions), (...)
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  9. Anthony E. Newman (2005). Two Grades of Internalism (Pass and Fail). Philosophical Studies 122 (2):153 - 169.score: 300.0
    Internalism about mental content holds that microphysical duplicates must be mental duplicates full-stop. Anyone particle-for-particle indiscernible from someone who believes that Aristotle was wise, for instance, must share that same belief. Externalism instead contends that many perfectly ordinary propositional attitudes can be had only in certain sorts of physical, socio-linguistic, or historical context. To have a belief about Aristotle, for instance, a person must have been causally impacted in the right way by Aristotle himself (e.g., by hearing about him, or (...)
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  10. Stephen Melville, Lynne Cook, Michael Newman, Whitney Davis & Guy Brett (2008). The State of Art Criticism. Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 18 (3).score: 300.0
    About the Author James Elkins is E.C. Chadbourne Chair in the Department of Art History, Theory, and Criticism at the School of the Art Institute of Chicago. His many books include Pictures and Tears, How to Use Your Eyes, and What Painting Is, all published by Routledge. Michael Newman teaches in the Department of Art History, Theory, and Criticism at the School of the Art Institute of Chicago, and is Professor of Art Writing at Goldsmiths College in the University (...)
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  11. C. E. Buxton & E. B. Newman (1940). The Forgetting of 'Crowded' and 'Isolated' Materials. Journal of Experimental Psychology 26 (2):180.score: 280.0
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  12. A. E. Brooks & K. Newman (1968). The Structure of Concrete. In. In Peter Koestenbaum (ed.), Proceedings. [San Jose? Calif..score: 280.0
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  13. Andrew Newman (2002). The Correspondence Theory of Truth: An Essay on the Metaphysics of Predication. Cambridge University Press.score: 240.0
    This work presents a version of the correspondence theory of truth based on Wittgenstein's Tractatus and Russell's theory of truth and discusses related metaphysical issues such as predication, facts, and propositions. Like Russell and one prominent interpretation of the Tractatus it assumes a realist view of universals. Part of the aim is to avoid Platonic propositions, and although sympathy with facts is maintained in the early chapters, the book argues that facts as real entities are not needed. It (...)
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  14. George E. Newman, Sergey V. Blok & Lance J. Rips (2006). Beliefs in Afterlife as a by-Product of Persistence Judgments. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (5):480-481.score: 240.0
    We agree that supernatural beliefs are pervasive. However, we propose a more general account rooted in how people trace ordinary objects over time. Tracking identity involves attending to the causal history of an object, a process that may implicate hidden mechanisms. We discuss experiments in which participants exhibit the same “supernatural” beliefs when reasoning about the fates of cups and automobiles as those exhibited by Bering's participants when reasoning about spirits.
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  15. George E. Newman & Frank C. Keil, Where's the Essence? Developmental Shifts in Children's Beliefs About Internal Features.score: 240.0
    The present studies investigated children’s and adults’ intuitive beliefs about the physical nature of essences. Adults and children (ranging in age from 6 to 10 years old) were asked to reason about two different ways of determining an unknown object’s category: taking a tiny internal sample from any part of the object (distributed view of essence), or taking a sample from one specific region (localized view of essence). Results from three studies indicated that adults strongly endorsed the distributed view, and (...)
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  16. Louis E. Newman (1993). Talking Ethics with Strangers: A View From Jewish Tradition. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 18 (6):549-567.score: 240.0
    Tristram Engelhardt provides an important set of reflections for bioethics in a secular context. Taking Engelhardt's work as its point of departure this article explores the challenges that Jewish ethicists face in contributing to bioethics in a secular context. The article explores how the Jewish tradition can address issues in bioethics in ways that are true to its tradition and at the same time accessible and relevant to "moral strangers" in a secular society. Keywords: bioethics, Engelhardt, Jewish tradition, moral strangers, (...)
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  17. Andrew Newman (1988). The Causal Relation and its Terms. Mind 97 (388):529-550.score: 240.0
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  18. Andrew Newman (1989). A Metaphysical Introduction to a Relational Theory of Space. Philosophical Quarterly 39 (155):200-220.score: 240.0
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  19. Louis E. Newman (1992). Jewish Theology and Bioethics. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 17 (3):309-327.score: 240.0
    This article explores the theological foundations of both classical and contemporary Jewish ethics, with special reference to biomedical issues. Traditional views concerning God's revelation to Israel are shown to underlie the methodological orientation of classical Jewish ethics, which is both legalistic and particularistic. Contemporary Jewish ethicists, by contrast, have tended to embrace more liberal views of revelation which have mitigated both the legalism and the particularism of their approach. Apart from methodological considerations, much of the content of Jewish medical ethics (...)
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  20. Andrew Newman, Converse Relations, Vectors, and Three Theses From Armstrong.score: 240.0
    The second thesis from Armstrong is that a relation and its converse are identical, so that the instantiation of the converse relation represents no increase in being. This is the identity thesis for converse relations. In the context of Armstrong’s notion of..
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  21. Andrew Newman (1992). The Physical Basis of Predication. Cambridge University Press.score: 240.0
    This is a book about some of the basic concepts of metaphysics: universals, particulars, causality, and possibility. Its aim is to give an account of the real constituents of the world. The author defends a realistic view of universals, characterizing the notion of universal by considering language and logic, possibility, hierarchies of universals, and causation. On the other hand, he argues that logic and language are not reliable guides to the nature of reality. All assertions and predications about the natural (...)
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  22. Andrew Newman (2006). Introduction. In Barry Castro (ed.), Collected Papers of Barry Castro: 1968 to 2005. Business Ethics Center, Grand Valley State University.score: 240.0
    My aim is to make some comments on the ontology of the correspondence theory of truth. First I shall give reasons for rejecting a Platonic view of propositions. This motivates locating propositions in the world. I then present a version of Russell’s theory of truth, which if it locates propositions anywhere locates them in the world. I consider some of the advantages of this theory, not least among being that it does not need facts as entities.
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  23. Louis E. Newman (2013). Balancing Justice and Mercy. Journal of Religious Ethics 41 (3):435-456.score: 240.0
    The concept of forgiveness is analyzed as a moral gesture toward the offender designed to help restore that individual's moral standing. Jewish sources on the conditions under which forgiveness is obligatory are explored and two contrasting positions are presented: one in which the obligation to forgive is conditional on the repentance of the offender and another in which people are required to forgive unconditionally. These two positions are shown to represent different ways of framing the offending behavior that rest, in (...)
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  24. Andrew Newman, The Bundle Theory for Simple Particulars July 2006 Andrewnewman@Mail.Unomaha.Edu.score: 240.0
    1 A particular may have other particulars as parts, but according to the bundle theory its ultimate constituents are confined to universals. Parts are different from constituents or components. A part is a type of constituent, but there are constituents that are not parts. Parts belong to the same general category as the whole: if a concrete particular has parts, those parts will themselves be concrete particulars. This is not always the case with constituents: the constituents of a fact do (...)
     
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  25. George E. Newman, Julian De Freitas & Joshua Knobe (2014). Beliefs About the True Self Explain Asymmetries Based on Moral Judgment. Cognitive Science 38 (6).score: 240.0
    Past research has identified a number of asymmetries based on moral judgments. Beliefs about (a) what a person values, (b) whether a person is happy, (c) whether a person has shown weakness of will, and (d) whether a person deserves praise or blame seem to depend critically on whether participants themselves find the agent's behavior to be morally good or bad. To date, however, the origins of these asymmetries remain unknown. The present studies examine whether beliefs about an agent's “true (...)
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  26. Andrew Newman (2013). On the Constitution of Solid Objects Out of Atoms. The Monist 96 (1):149-171.score: 240.0
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  27. Andrew Newman, In Defence of Real Composite Wholes August 2006 Andrewnewman@Mail.Unomaha.Edu.score: 240.0
    Newton’s laws of motion imply that any plurality of particles whatsoever considered as a whole obeys Newton’s laws. Nevertheless, I define a Newtonian composite object as an object for the purposes of Newtonian mechanics in which the atoms act in casual dependence on one another in such a way that the whole is structurally stable in many interactions. An elastic solid object is a type of a Newtonian composite object in which each atom is in stable spatial equilibrium relative to (...)
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  28. Andrew Newman (1988). The Material Basis of Predication and Other Concepts. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 66 (3):331 – 347.score: 240.0
    Immanent realism is a justly popular theory of universals which is incomplete. It is not good enough to say that all universals are equally real and all equally inhere in objects. Concepts come in hierarchies, For example: "colored," "red" and "claret," where "claret" is a shade of red. Only those at the very bottom of the hierarchy exist in objects, And are rightly called properties. Only properties have causality as a criterion of identity. Frege's functional account of concepts can be (...)
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  29. Sheldon T. Berkowitz, Louis E. Newman & Deborah R. Mathieu (forthcoming). Case Studies: C-Section for Organ Donation. Hastings Center Report.score: 240.0
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  30. Louis E. Newman, Bonnie B. O'Connor, Jean-Pierre Poullier, Mark Risjord, Wendell Stephenson & Mark D. Sullivan (1993). A Qualified Bioethic: Particularity in James Gustafson and Stanley Hauer-Was, by Gerald P. McKenny 511 Advance Directives for Voluntary Euthanasia: A Volatile Combination? By Leslie Pickering Francis 297 After the Fall: Particularism in Bioethics, by Kevin Wm. Wildes, 5.7. 505. [REVIEW] Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 18:599-602.score: 240.0
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  31. Slater E. Newman (1964). A Replication of Paired-Associate Learning as a Function of S-R Similarity. Journal of Experimental Psychology 67 (6):592.score: 240.0
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  32. Slater E. Newman, Marilyn B. Kindsvater & Anthony D. Hall (1985). Braille Learning: Effects of Symbol Size. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 23 (3):189-190.score: 240.0
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  33. George E. Newman, Kristi L. Lockhart & Frank C. Keil (2010). “End-of-Life” Biases in Moral Evaluations of Others. Cognition 115 (2):343-349.score: 240.0
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  34. Louis E. Newman (2012). Love Thy Neighbor as Thyself_, And: _Maimonides and His Heritage (Review). Journal of the Society of Christian Ethics 32 (1):196-199.score: 240.0
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  35. Andrew Roberts, Michael Phelps, Josh Benet & Jennifer Newman (forthcoming). Over the Last Three Months the Society has Hosted Several Social Events for its Members. The Society and Acla Act Presented the Inaugural Professor Jack Richardson Ao Memorial Oration at the National Portrait Gallery on 7 September. On 22 September the Society Held its Agm and Members' Lunch at Delhi-6 Restaurant. 23 September Saw the Young Lawyers Face the Young Engineers in a Social Debate (See Page 31). And on 24 November the Society Held a Welcome Dinner at Ottoman Cuisine for New Chief Magistrate, Lorraine Walker. [REVIEW] Ethos.score: 240.0
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  36. Slater E. Newman (1956). Effects of Contiguity and Similarity on the Learning of Concepts. Journal of Experimental Psychology 52 (6):349.score: 240.0
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  37. Slater E. Newman & Uta Frith (1977). Encoding Specificity Vs Associative Continuity. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 10 (1):73-75.score: 240.0
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  38. Andrew Newman, In Defence of Real Composite Wholes.score: 240.0
    Newton’s laws of motion imply that any plurality of particles whatsoever considered as a whole obeys Newton’s laws. Nevertheless, I define a Newtonian composite object as an object for the purposes of Newtonian mechanics in which the atoms act in casual dependence on one another in such a way that the whole is structurally stable in many interactions. An elastic solid object is a type of a Newtonian composite object in which each atom is in stable spatial equilibrium (...)
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  39. Slater E. Newman (1980). Speed of Writing and Printing. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 16 (4):283-286.score: 240.0
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  40. Slater E. Newman, Ralph E. Suggs & Carol H. Averitt (1974). Use of Rule 1 and Rule 2 in Verbal Discrimination Training. Journal of Experimental Psychology 102 (3):531.score: 240.0
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  41. Wayne C. Booth, Dudley Barlow, Orson Scott Card, Anthony Cunningham, John Gardner, Marshall Gregory, John J. Han, Jack Harrell, Richard E. Hart, Barbara A. Heavilin, Marianne Jennings, Charles Johnson, Bernard Malamud, Toni Morrison, Georgia A. Newman, Joyce Carol Oates, Jay Parini, David Parker, James Phelan, Richard A. Posner, Mary R. Reichardt, Nina Rosenstand, Stephen L. Tanner, John Updike, John H. Wallace, Abraham B. Yehoshua & Bruce Young (2005). Ethics, Literature, and Theory: An Introductory Reader. Sheed & Ward.score: 240.0
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  42. Richard S. Calef, Michael C. Choban, Marcus W. Dickson, Paul D. Newman, Maureen Boyle, Nikki D. Baxa & E. Scott Geller (1989). The Effects of Noncontingent Reinforcement on the Behavior of a Previously Learned Running Response. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 27 (3):263-266.score: 240.0
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  43. P. Chittleborough & M. E. Newman (1993). Defining the Term "Argument". Informal Logic 15 (3).score: 240.0
    Informal logic has expanded the concept of an 'argument' beyond that presented traditionally by formal logicians-to include arguments as encountered in 'real-life'. Existent definitions of argument structure are argued to be inadequate by failing to fully recognise that, ultimately, arguments have a human source. Accordingly, a new definition is proposed which appeals to relevant cognitive and behavioural factors. The definition retains some traditional concepts, but introduces the term 'supportive' as a modification to 'premiss'. The concept of a 'persuader' is also (...)
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  44. Elliot N. Dorff & Louis E. Newman (eds.) (1995). Contemporary Jewish Ethics and Morality: A Reader. Oxford University Press.score: 240.0
    Over the past decade much significant new work has appeared in the field of Jewish ethics. While much of this work has been devoted to issues in applied ethics, a number of important essays have explored central themes within the tradition and clarified the theoretical foundations of Jewish ethics. This important text grew out of the need for a single work which accurately and conveniently reflects these developments within the field. The first text of its kind in almost two decades, (...)
     
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  45. Clifton W. Gray & Slater E. Newman (1966). Associative Asymmetry as a Function of Pronounceability. Journal of Experimental Psychology 71 (6):923.score: 240.0
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  46. Frank C. Keil & George E. Newman (2010). Darwin and Development: Why Ontogeny Does Not Recapitulate Phylogeny for Human Concepts. In Denis Mareschal, Paul Quinn & Stephen E. G. Lea (eds.), The Making of Human Concepts. Oup Oxford. 317.score: 240.0
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  47. Linda A. Mady & Slater E. Newman (1987). Memory for Auditorily and Visually Presented Commericals: Effects of Repetition and Type of Claim. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 25 (2):75-76.score: 240.0
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  48. Slater E. Newman & Ralph T. Campbell (1971). A-B and B-A Performance as Functions of Test Instructions and Reading Order. Journal of Experimental Psychology 88 (1):57.score: 240.0
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  49. Slater E. Newman, Wilson L. Sawyer, Anthony D. Hall & Laurel G. J. Hill (1990). Braille Learning: One Modality is Sometimes Better Than Two. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 28 (1):17-18.score: 240.0
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  50. Slater E. Newman, Mary Ann Olsen, Anthony D. Hall & Rosemary Hornak (1983). Effects of Encoding and Retrieval Contexts on Recall. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 21 (1):4-6.score: 240.0
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