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Andrew Ward [69]Andrew C. Ward [1]
  1. John V. Apczynski, Robert B. Glassman, Steven Reiss, Amos Yong, Jacqueline R. Cameron, Rebecca Sachs Norris, Andrew Ward & Holmes Rolston Iii (forthcoming). Michael Polanyts Search for Truth. Zygon.
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  2. Andrew Ward (forthcoming). Philosophical Functionalism: A Reply to Double. Behaviorism.
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  3. Andrew Ward & Edwin Cameron (forthcoming). Dani Filc Lectures in the Department of Government and Politics at Ben-gUrion University of the Negev. Among His Several Publications Are the Power of Property: Israeli Society in the Global Age (with Uri Ram, 2004) and Thinking Hegemony: Politics, Intellectuals and Pop-Ulism (2006). His Areas of Interest Include Marxism, Post-Marxism. [REVIEW] Theoria.
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  4. Andrew Ward (2013). “Spurious Correlations and Causal Inferences”. Erkenntnis 78 (3):699-712.
    The failure to recognize a correlation as spurious can lead people to adopt strategies to bring about a specific outcome that manipulate something other than a cause of the outcome. However, in a 2008 paper appearing in the journal Analysis, Bert Leuridan, Erik Weber and Maarten Van Dyck suggest that knowledge of spurious correlations can, at least sometimes, justify adopting a strategy aiming at bringing about some change. This claim is surprising and, if true, throws into question the claim of (...)
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  5. Andrew Ward & Pamela Jo Johnson (2013). Necessary Health Care and Basic Needs: Health Insurance Plans and Essential Benefits. [REVIEW] Health Care Analysis 21 (4):355-371.
    According to HealthCare.gov, by improving access to quality health for all Americans, the Affordable Care Act (ACA) will reduce disparities in health insurance coverage. One way this will happen under the provisions of the ACA is by creating a new health insurance marketplace (a health insurance exchange) by 2014 in which “all people will have a choice for quality, affordable health insurance even if a job loss, job switch, move or illness occurs”. This does not mean that everyone will have (...)
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  6. Andrew Ward (2012). Imagination and Experimentalism in Hume's Philosophy. Southwest Philosophy Review 28 (1):165-175.
  7. Andrew Ward (2012). Starting with Kant. Continuum.
     
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  8. Sefa Hayibor, Bradley R. Agle, Greg J. Sears, Jeffrey A. Sonnenfeld & Andrew Ward (2011). Value Congruence and Charismatic Leadership in CEO–Top Manager Relationships: An Empirical Investigation. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 102 (2):237-254.
    Although charismatic leadership theorists have long argued that leader–follower value congruence plays a central role in the development of charismatic relationships, few studies have tested this proposition. Using data from two studies involving a total of 329 CEOs and 1807 members of their top management teams, we tested the hypothesis that value congruence between leaders and their followers is empirically linked to follower perceptions of the charisma of their leader. Consistent with a relational perspective on charismatic leadership, strong support was (...)
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  9. Andrew Ward (2010). The Failure of Dennett's Representationalism. Journal of Philosophical Research 18:285-307.
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  10. Andrew Ward (2010). Virtual Communities. Techné 14 (3):237-251.
    The Internet, as it exists today, is an outgrowth of the late 1960’s Advanced Research Projects Agency Network. During the 1980’s, the National Science Foundation established a high-speed, high-capacity network called NSFnet connecting many universities and government agencies. Finally, with the creation of the World Wide Web and the development and diffusion of inexpensive, reliable and easy to use public Internet access, electronic information technologies connect an increasingly large portion of the population. As a result, the communities with which we (...)
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  11. Andrew C. Ward (2010). The Value of Genetic Fallacies. Informal Logic 30 (1):1-33.
    Since at least the 1938 publication of Hans Reichenbach’s Experience and Predication , there has been widespread agreement that, when discussing the beliefs that people have, it is important to distinguish contexts of discovery and contexts of justification. Traditionally, when one conflates the two contexts, the result is a “genetic fallacy”. This paper examines genealogical critiques and addresses the question of whether such critiques are fallacious and, if so, whether this vitiates their usefulness. The paper concludes that while there may (...)
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  12. Andrew Ward (2009). Causal Criteria and the Problem of Complex Causation. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 12 (3):333-343.
    Nancy Cartwright begins her recent book, Hunting Causes and Using Them, by noting that while a few years ago real causal claims were in dispute, nowadays “causality is back, and with a vengeance.” In the case of the social sciences, Keith Morrison writes that “Social science asks ‘why?’. Detecting causality or its corollary—prediction—is the jewel in the crown of social science research.” With respect to the health sciences, Judea Pearl writes that the “research questions that motivate most studies in the (...)
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  13. Jill A. Brown, Ann C. Buchholtz & Andrew Ward (2008). Scapegoating Under Scrutiny. Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 19:383-394.
    This paper develops and tests a model of fingerpointing behaviors that board members experience because of regulatory reforms. We present the partial results of a large study of 138 board members on 54 publicly traded boards in the United States. We found that recent governance reforms that mandate increased accountability of board members are associated with less board cohesion and thatlower board cohesion is associated with fingerpointing behaviors. These findings suggest that the stages of institutionalization following regulatory shock falter when (...)
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  14. Andrew Ward (2008). Proof and Demonstration: Hume's Account of the Causal Relation. International Philosophical Quarterly 48 (1):23-37.
    On the standard reading of Hume, the belief that the necessity associated with the causal relation is “an entirely mind-independent phenomenon” in the world isunjustified. For example, Jonathan Bennett writes that necessary connections of the sort that Hume allows are not “relations which hold objectively between the ‘objects’ or events which we take to be causally related.” Similarly, Barry Stroud writes that, according to Hume, we believe falsely “that necessity is something that ‘resides’ in the relation between objects or events (...)
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  15. Andrew Ward & Pamela Jo Johnson (2008). Addressing Confounding Errors When Using Non-Experimental, Observational Data to Make Causal Claims. Synthese 163 (3):419 - 432.
    In their recent book, Is Inequality Bad for Our Health?, Daniels, Kennedy, and Kawachi claim that to “act justly in health policy, we must have knowledge about the causal pathways through which socioeconomic (and other) inequalities work to produce differential health outcomes.” One of the central problems with this approach is its dependency on “knowledge about the causal pathways.” A widely held belief is that the randomized clinical trial (RCT) is, and ought to be the “gold standard” of evaluating the (...)
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  16. Andrew Ward (2007). Ethics and Observation: Dewey, Thoreau, and Harman. Metaphilosophy 38 (5):591-611.
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  17. Andrew Ward (2007). Needs, Medical Necessity, and the Problem of Helping the Uninsured. Theoria 54 (112):73-98.
    The nature of health care, a multifaceted system of reimbursements, subsidies, levels of care, and trade-offs between economics, values and social goods, makes it both a problematic area of policy and critical to the well-being of society. In the United States, provision of health care is not a right as in some countries, but occurs as a function of a complex set of cross-subsidized mechanisms that, according to some analysts, exclude from coverage those who may be in the most need (...)
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  18. Andrew Ward, The Role of Transcendental Idealism in Kant's Dialectic of Aesthetic Judgment.
    A defence of the view that the introduction of transendental idealism, in the Dialectic of Aesthetic Judgment, plays a central role in resolving the antinomy which, as Kant contends, exists in our pure judgments of taste. It is further argued that the link that he holds to exist between the realms of nature and morality (or freedom) can only be successfully made out if transcendental idealism is accepted as underpinning our judgments concerning the beauties of nature.
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  19. Andrew Ward (2007). The Social Epidemiologic Concept of Fundamental Cause. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 28 (6):465-485.
    The goal of research in social epidemiology is not simply conceptual clarification or theoretical understanding, but more importantly it is to contribute to, and enhance the health of populations (and so, too, the people who constitute those populations). Undoubtedly, understanding how various individual risk factors such as smoking and obesity affect the health of people does contribute to this goal. However, what is distinctive of much on-going work in social epidemiology is the view that analyses making use of individual-level variables (...)
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  20. Andrew Ward (2006). Hume on Moral Responsibility for Past Actions. The Modern Schoolman 84 (1):49-78.
  21. Andrew Ward (2006). Kant: The Three Critiques. Polity Press.
    Immanuel Kants three critiques the Critique of Pure Reason, the Critique of Practical Reason and the Critique of Judgment are among the pinnacles of Western Philosophy. This accessible study grounds Kants philosophical position in the context of his intellectual influences, most notably against the background of the scepticism and empiricism of David Hume. It is an ideal critical introduction to Kants views in the key areas of knowledge and metaphysics; morality and freedom; and beauty and design. By examining the Kantian (...)
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  22. Andrew Ward (2006). The Concept of Underinsurance: A General Typology. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 31 (5):499 – 531.
    In a 2002 speech, Mark McClellan, a member of the Council of Economic Advisors at the White House, said that "[I]n the president's vision, all Americans should have access to high-quality and affordable healthcare." However, many healthcare researchers believe that a growing number of Americans are underinsured. Because any characterization of underinsurance will refer to the value judgments of people about what counts as "adequate" and "inadequate" healthcare, the goal of characterizing and measuring the underinsured is difficult to achieve. In (...)
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  23. Ervin Laszlo, Richard Gelwick, Walter B. Gulick, Wolfhart Pannenberg, Robert B. Glassman, Steven Reiss & Andrew Ward (2005). In This is Tn 'R-*\—~ L 111 Fortieth Anniversary Symposium: Science, Religion, and Secularity in a Technological Society] Ohn C. Caiazza. Zygon 40 (1-2):258.
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  24. Andrew Ward (2005). Defending Ethical Naturalism: The Roles of Cognitive Science and Pragmatism. Zygon 40 (1):201-220.
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  25. Andrew Ward (2001). Kant's First Analogy of Experience. Kant-Studien 92 (4):387-406.
  26. Andrew Ward (2001). Pragmatism and the “Problem of the Criterion”. International Philosophical Quarterly 41 (2):199-215.
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  27. Andrew Ward (2001). The Compatibility Naturalism and Represantionalism. Disputatio 11:1-21.
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  28. Andrew Ward (2001). The Compatibility of Psychological Naturalism and Representationalism. Disputatio 11.
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  29. Andrew Ward (2001). Values and Science. Philosophy in the Contemporary World 8 (1):67-80.
    This essay argues for a pragmatist notion of inquiry which ties together science and morality into a seamless whole, pace David Hume, Gilbert Harman, and others who would separate science and morality as different kinds of inquiry.
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  30. Brian T. Prosser & Andrew Ward (2000). Kierkegaard and the Internet: Existential Reflections on Education and Community. [REVIEW] Ethics and Information Technology 2 (3):167-180.
    If the rhetorical and economic investment of educators, policy makersand the popular press in the United States is any indication, thenunbridled enthusiasm for the introduction of computer mediatedcommunication (CMC) into the educational process is wide-spread.In large part this enthusiasm is rooted in the hope that throughthe use of Internet-based CMC we may create an expanded communityof learners and educators not principally bounded by physicalgeography. The purpose of this paper is to reflect critically uponwhether students and teachers are truly linked together (...)
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  31. Andrew Ward (2000). Scepticism, Truth and Pragmatic Inquiry. Southwest Philosophy Review 17 (1):159-172.
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  32. Andrew Ward (1999). Naturalism and the Mental Realm. Southwest Philosophy Review 15 (1):157-167.
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  33. Andrew Ward (1994). Is Gerwin's Natural-Agency Theory a Viable Alternative to Hume? Dialogue 33 (04):733-.
  34. Andrew Ward (1993). Perception and Scepticism. In Edmond Leo Wright (ed.), New Representationalisms: Essays in the Philosophy of Perception. Brookfield: Avebury. 88.
     
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  35. Andrew Ward (1993). Question-Begging Psychological Explanations. Southwest Philosophical Studies 15:82-94.
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  36. Andrew Ward (1993). The Failure of Dennett's Representationalism: A Wittgensteinian Resolution. Journal of Philosophical Research 18:285-307.
    Jerry Fodor begins chapter one of The Language of Thought with two claims. The first claim is that “[T]he only psychological models of cognitive processes that seem remotely plausible represent such processes as computational.” The second claim is that “[C]omputation presupposes a medium of computation: a representational system.” Together these two claims suggest one of the central theses of many contemporary representationalist theories of mind, viz. that the only remotely plausible psychology that could succeed in explaining the intentionally characterized abilities (...)
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  37. Andrew Ward (1992). Hegel and the Search For Epistemological Criteria. Idealistic Studies 22 (3):189-202.
    In the “Introduction” to his Phenomenology of Spirit, Hegel suggests that the establishment of an adequate epistemological foundation is a necessary condition for Philosophy to realize the form of Science. At the same time, Hegel says that the epistemological foundation wiIl not be something imposed from without, rather it will develop from a study of cognition itself. This paper examines the nature of Hegel’s attempt to establish an adequate epistemological foundation for Philosophy to realize the form of Science.
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  38. Andrew Ward (1992). Natural Liberty and Justice. Social Philosophy Today 7:461-476.
  39. Andrew Ward (1991). On Kant's Defence of Moral Freedom. History of Philosophy Quarterly 8 (4):373 - 386.
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  40. Andrew Ward (1991). Statesmanship and Citizenship in Plato's Protagoras. Journal of Value Inquiry 25 (4):319-333.
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  41. Andrew Ward (1990). Coherence and Warranted Theistic Belief. International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 28 (1):35 - 45.
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  42. Andrew Ward (1990). Talking Sense About Freedom. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 50 (4):731-744.
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  43. Andrew Ward (1989). Philosophical Functionalism. Behaviorism 17 (2):155-8.
     
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  44. Andrew Ward (1989). Radical Interpretation and the Gunderson Game. Dialectica 43 (3):271-280.
  45. Andrew Ward (1989). Skepticism and Davidson's Omniscient Interpreter Argument. Crítica 21 (61):127 - 143.
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  46. Andrew Ward (1989). The Apology and the Crito. New Scholasticism 63 (4):514-515.
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  47. Andrew Ward (1989). The Relational Character of Belief. Grazer Philosophische Studien 35:73-82.
    In his book Scientific Realism and the Plasticity of Mind, Paul Churchland suggests that the singular terms for prepositional attitude predicates serve an adverbial function as elements of complex predicates. This view, called monadic adverbialism, has three problems. First the monadic predicates cannot be semantic primitives because this would compromise the learnability of the language containing them. Second, the account has no way to analyze general de dicto beliefs that does not compromise the language being learnable. Third, the account requires (...)
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  48. Andrew Ward (1988). Hume and the Problem of Representation. Philosophical Papers 17 (1):61-76.
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  49. Andrew Ward (1988). A "Semantic Realist" Response to Dummett's Antirealism. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 48 (3):553-555.
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  50. Andrew Ward (1988). Davidson, Animals and Believings. Philosophia 18 (April):97-106.
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