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Profile: Andrew Youpa (Southern Illinois University - Carbondale)
  1.  2
    Matthew J. Kisner & Andrew Youpa (eds.) (2014). Essays on Spinoza's Ethical Theory. Oxford University Press.
    Thirteen original essays by leading scholars explore aspects of Spinoza's ethical theory and, in doing so, deepen our understanding of it as the richly rewarding core of his system. They resolve interpretive difficulties, advance longstanding debates, and point the direction for future research.
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  2.  45
    Andrew Youpa (2010). Spinoza's Theories of Value. British Journal for the History of Philosophy 18 (2):209 – 229.
    According to a widely accepted reading of the "Ethics," Spinoza subscribes to a desire-satisfaction theory of value. A desire-satisfaction theory says that what has value is the satisfaction of one’s desires and whatever leads to the satisfaction of one’s desires. In this paper I argue that this standard reading is incorrect, and I show that in Spinoza’s view the foundation of what is truly valuable is the perfection of a person’s essence, not the satisfaction of a person’s desires.
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  3.  83
    Andrew Youpa (2010). Spinoza's Model of Human Nature. Journal of the History of Philosophy 48 (1):pp. 61-76.
    Central to Spinoza’s ethical theory is a model of human nature: the model of the free man. In this paper I argue that the idea of the free man is an inadequate idea when this is understood as the idea of a perfectly free finite thing. But when properly understood--that is, when the idea of the free man is understood as the idea of the perfection of our nature and power--the idea of the free man is a way of conceiving (...)
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  4.  29
    Andrew Youpa (2007). Spinoza's Theory of Motivation. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 88 (3):375–390.
    On the basis of 3p9s and 3p39s of the Ethics, it might seem that, for Spinoza, a judgment about something's goodness or badness is motivationally inert and, moreover, that value judgments essentially reflect an individual's pre-existing motivational states. However, in this paper I show that Spinoza holds that under certain conditions a motivational state results from a value judgment. Spinoza's theory of motivation consists of two accounts of the psychological order of value judgments and motivational states: an account of their (...)
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  5. Andrew Youpa (2009). Spinoza's Theory of the Good. In Olli Koistinen (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Spinoza's Ethics. Cambridge University Press
    In this paper I argue that, for Spinoza, the power to produce effects through one's nature alone is the key constituent of the good life. Indeed, to exist in the strict sense is to be the causal source of effects. On this reading, a temporally long life that is entirely governed by causal factors external to one's essence is not a genuine existence.
     
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  6.  32
    Andrew Youpa (2003). Spinozistic Self-Preservation. Southern Journal of Philosophy 41 (3):477-490.
    In Part 4 of his "Ethics," Spinoza puts forward and defends what might appear to be the controversial Hobbesean thesis that the desire to prolong one’s life is the basis of virtue (i.e., E4p22). Indeed there is a tradition of commentators offering an egoistic, Hobbesean interpretation of Spinoza’s ethical theory. In this paper, however, I argue that we should not understand Spinozistic self-preservation in the commonsense, empiricist sense of prolonging our lives. Instead I argue that, for Spinoza, self-preservation is a (...)
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  7.  24
    Andrew Youpa (2011). Spinoza on the Very Nature of Existence. Midwest Studies in Philosophy 35 (1):310-334.
    The official definitions that appear at the beginning of four of the five parts of the "Ethics" do not include an account of "existence." However Spinoza does provide a definition of “existence” in the scholium to proposition 45 of Part 2. This is an odd place for such an important doctrine, and all the more so given that the account there differs from anything resembling commonsense. In this paper I show that, for Spinoza, to exist is to be eternal. Existence (...)
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  8.  2
    Andrew Youpa (2011). LeBuffe, Michael.From Bondage to Freedom: Spinoza on Human Excellence.Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2010. Pp. 253. $74.00. [REVIEW] Ethics 121 (2):456-460.
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  9.  7
    Andrew Youpa (2006). Leibniz and China: A Commerce of Light (Review). Journal of the History of Philosophy 44 (1):125-126.
    Andrew Youpa - Leibniz and China: A Commerce of Light - Journal of the History of Philosophy 44:1 Journal of the History of Philosophy 44.1 125-126 Franklin Perkins. Leibniz and China: A Commerce of Light. Cambridge-New York: Cambridge University Press, 2004. Pp. xvi + 224. Cloth, $65.00. In his Leibniz and China, Franklin Perkins undertakes two main tasks. The first is historical: to illuminate Leibniz's nearly lifelong interest in China within the context of early modern Europe as well as within (...)
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  10.  9
    Andrew Youpa, Leibniz's Ethics. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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  11.  2
    Andrew Youpa (2013). Descartes's Virtue Theory. Essays in Philosophy 14 (2):179-193.
    What is the function of Cartesian virtue within the motivational and cognitive economy of the soul? In this paper I show that Cartesian virtue is a higher-order motivational disposition. Central to the interpretation I defend is Descartes’s view that the will can govern an individual’s attention. An exercise of this capacity, I argue, is a higher-order operation. Because Cartesian virtue is a resolution to focus attention on what reason deems worthy of consideration, it should therefore be understood as a higher-order (...)
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  12. Matthew J. Kisner & Andrew Youpa (eds.) (2014). Essays on Spinoza's Ethical Theory. Oxford University Press Uk.
    Thirteen original essays by leading scholars explore aspects of Spinoza's ethical theory and, in doing so, deepen our understanding of the richly rewarding core of his system. Spinoza's ethics, like other branches of his philosophy, is complex, difficult, and, at times, paradoxical. In addition to resolving interpretive difficulties and longstanding debates, these essays point the direction for future research. Spinoza's enduring contribution to the development of ethical theory and to early modern philosophy--and to early modern history generally--provide us with good (...)
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  13. Andrew Youpa (2002). Descartes and Spinoza on Freedom and Virtue. Dissertation, University of California, Irvine
    Philosophers have devoted a great deal of time and energy to understanding and assessing the metaphysical and epistemological branches of Descartes' and Spinoza's philosophical systems, and deservedly so---they are arguably the most brilliant and innovative metaphysicians and epistemologists of the seventeenth century. The primary aim of this dissertation is to contribute to showing that their brilliance and innovation is also manifested in the ethical branch of their systems. ;Descartes is not known as a moral philosopher, but this reflects the interests (...)
     
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