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  1. Angela Ballantyne (2014). Exploitation in Cross-Border Reproductive Care. International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 7 (2):75-99.
    This paper will focus on a subcategory of cross-border reproductive care—commercial contracts for the sale of reproductive goods and services. In these cases, the women are paid a fee for their reproductive goods and services . Such contracts have generated widespread concern about exploitation. Yet the term exploitation is used variably in the literature and conflated with concerns about harm, commodification, lack of autonomy of sellers, unjust conditions of poverty, and invalid consent. It is also often assumed that exploitation should (...)
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  2. Angela Ballantyne (2010). How to Do Research Fairly in an Unjust World. American Journal of Bioethics 10 (6):26-35.
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  3. Angela Ballantyne (2010). Response to Open Peer Commentaries on “How to Do Research Fairly in an Unjust World”. American Journal of Bioethics 10 (6):4-6.
    (2010). Response to Open Peer Commentaries on “How to Do Research Fairly in an Unjust World”. The American Journal of Bioethics: Vol. 10, No. 6, pp. W4-W6.
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  4. Angela Ballantyne, Ainsley Newson, Florencia Luna & Richard Ashcroft (2009). Prenatal Diagnosis and Abortion for Congenital Abnormalities: Is It Ethical to Provide One Without the Other? American Journal of Bioethics 9 (8):48-56.
    This target article considers the ethical implications of providing prenatal diagnosis (PND) and antenatal screening services to detect fetal abnormalities in jurisdictions that prohibit abortion for these conditions. This unusual health policy context is common in the Latin American region. Congenital conditions are often untreated or under-treated in developing countries due to limited health resources, leading many women/couples to prefer termination of affected pregnancies. Three potential harms derive from the provision of PND in the absence of legal and safe abortion (...)
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  5. Angela Ballantyne, Ainsley Newson, Florencia Luna & Richard Ashcroft (2009). Response to Open Peer Commentaries on “Prenatal Diagnosis and Abortion for Congenital Abnormalities: Is It Ethical to Provide One Without the Other?”. American Journal of Bioethics 9 (8):6-7.
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  6. Wendy Rogers & Angela Ballantyne (2009). Justice in Health Research: What is the Role of Evidence-Based Medicine? Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 52 (2):188-202.
  7. Angela Ballantyne (2008). Benefits to Research Subjects in International Trials: Do They Reduce Exploitation or Increase Undue Inducement? Developing World Bioethics 8 (3):178-191.
    There is an alleged tension between undue inducement and exploitation in research trials. This paper considers claims that increasing the benefits to research subjects enrolled in international, externally-sponsored clinical trials should be avoided on the grounds that it may result in the undue inducement of research subjects. This article contributes to the debate about exploitation versus undue inducement by introducing an analysis of the available empirical research into research participants' motivations and the influence of payments on research subjects' behaviour and (...)
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  8. Angela Ballantyne (2008). 'Fair Benefits' Accounts of Exploitation Require a Normative Principle of Fairness: Response to Gbadegesin and Wendler, and Emanuel Et Al. Bioethics 22 (4):239–244.
    In 2004 Emanuel et al. published an influential account of exploitation in international research, which has become known as the 'fair benefits account'. In this paper I argue that the thin definition of fairness presented by Emanuel et al, and subsequently endorsed by Gbadegesin and Wendler, does not provide a notion of fairness that is adequately robust to support a fair benefits account of exploitation. The authors present a procedural notion of fairness – the fair distribution of the benefits of (...)
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  9. Angela Ballantyne, Belinda Bennett, Véronique Bergeron & Diana Buccafurni (2008). Richard E. Ashcroft is Professor of Bioethics in the School of Law at Queen Mary, at the University of London. He has Published Widely on Ethical Issues in Medical Research and in Public Health. His Current Research is on Bioethics and Human Rights and Equality and Difference in Reproductive Rights. [REVIEW] International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 1 (2).
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  10. Angela Ballantyne, Belinda Bennett, Isabel Karpin & Wendy Rogers (2008). Introduction. International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 1 (2):1-4.
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  11. Angela Ballantyne & Sheryl de Lacey (2008). Wanted—Egg Donors for Research: A Research Ethics Approach to Donor Recruitment and Compensation. International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 1 (2):145-164.
  12. Angela Ballantyne & Sheryl De Lacey (2008). Wanted—Egg Donors for Research: A Research Ethics Approach to Donor Recruitment and Compensation. International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 1 (2):145 - 164.
    As the demand for human eggs for stem cell research increases, debate about appropriate standards for recruitment and compensation of women intensifies. In the majority of cases, the source of eggs for research is women undergoing fertility treatment requiring ovarian stimulation and egg retrieval. The principle of "just participant selection" requires that research subjects be selected from the population that stands to benefit from the research. Based on this principle, infertile women should be actively recruited to donate eggs for fertility-related (...)
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  13. Belinda Bennett, Isabel Karpin, Angela Ballantyne & Wendy Rogers (2008). Gender Inequalities in Health Research : An Australian Perspective. In Michael D. A. Freeman (ed.), Law and Bioethics / Edited by Michael Freeman. Oxford University Press.
     
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  14. Wendy Rogers & Angela Ballantyne (2008). Gender and Trust in Medicine: Vulnerabilities, Abuses, and Remedies. International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 1 (1):48 - 66.
    Trust is taken to be one of the foundational values in the doctor-patient relationship, facilitating access to the benefits of health care and providing a guarantee against possible harms. Despite this foundational role, some doctors betray the trust of their patients. Trusting involves granting discretionary powers and makes the truster vulnerable to the trustee. Patients trust medical practitioners to act with goodwill and to act competently. Some patients carry pre-existing vulnerabilities, for reasons such as gender, poverty, age, ethnicity, or disability, (...)
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  15. Wendy Rogers & Angela Ballantyne (2008). When Is Sex-Specific Research Appropriate? International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 1 (2):36 - 57.
    Inclusion in research is a question of both scientific validity of research results and just distribution of the benefits of medical research within a community. Therefore, inappropriate exclusions from research can be regulated as a matter of science or a matter of ethics. In this paper we examine the definitions of appropriate/fair inclusion in the Australian and U.S. regulatory systems and discuss the processes for interpreting and implementing these normative standards. In the second part of the paper, we present original (...)
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  16. Wendy Rogers, Angela Ballantyne & Heather Draper (2007). Is Sex-Selective Abortion Morally Justified and Should It Be Prohibited? Bioethics 21 (9):520–524.
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  17. Angela Ballantyne (2006). Under What Conditions is Clinical Research in Developing Countries Exploitative? A Framework for Assessing Exploitation in Mutually Advantageous Transactions. Advances in Bioethics 9:209-244.
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  18. Angela Ballantyne (2005). Hiv International Clinical Research: Exploitation and Risk. Bioethics 19 (5-6):476-491.
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  19. Angela Ballantyne (2004). Humans and Hybrids: A Critique of the Western Moral Framework. Essays in Philosophy 5 (2):3.
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