Search results for 'Angela Davey' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Angela Davey, Ainsley Newson & Peter O.’Leary (2006). Communication of Genetic Information Within Families: The Case for Familial Comity. [REVIEW] Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 3 (3):161-166.score: 240.0
    Advances in genetic technologies raise a multitude of ethical issues, some of which give rise to novel dilemmas for medical practice. One of the most controversial problems arising in clinical genetics is that of confidentiality and who may disclose genetic health information. This paper considers the question of when it is appropriate for health professionals to disclose clinically significant genetic information without patient consent. Existing ethical principles offer little guidance in relation to this issue. We build on suggestions that genetic (...)
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  2. T. Maddess, M. V. Srinivasan & M. P. Davey (1998). Response From Maddess, Srinivasan and Davey. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 2 (11):425.score: 120.0
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  3. Kevin Davey & Rob Clifton (2001). Insufficient Reason in the ‘New Cosmological Argument’. Religious Studies 37 (4):485-490.score: 30.0
    In a recent article in this journal, Richard Gale and Alexander Pruss offer a new cosmological proof for the existence of God relying only on the Weak Principle of Sufficient Reason, W-PSR. We argue that their proof relies on applications of W-PSR that cannot be justified, and that our modal intuitions simply do not support W-PSR in the way Gale and Pruss take them to.
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  4. Kevin Davey & Mark Lippelmann (2007). Closed Systems, Explanations, and the Cosmological Argument. International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 62 (2):89 - 101.score: 30.0
    Examples involving infinite suspended chains or infinite trains are sometimes used to defend perceived weaknesses in traditional cosmological arguments. In this article, we distinguish two versions of the cosmological argument, suggest that such examples can only be relevant if it is one specific type of cosmological argument that is being considered, and then criticize the use of such examples in this particular type of cosmological argument. Our criticism revolves around a discussion of what it means to call a system closed, (...)
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  5. Kevin Davey (2011). Idealizations and Contextualism in Physics. Philosophy of Science 78 (1):16-38.score: 30.0
  6. Kevin Davey (2007). Alexander Pruss the Principle of Sufficient Reason: A Reassessment. (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006). Pp. XIII+335. £48.00 (Hbk). [REVIEW] Religious Studies 43 (4):500-503.score: 30.0
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  7. Nicholas Davey (1989). Baumgarten's Aesthetics: A Post-Gadamerian Reflection. British Journal of Aesthetics 29 (2):101-115.score: 30.0
  8. A. G. Davey (1972). Education or Indoctrination? Journal of Moral Education 2 (1):5-15.score: 30.0
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  9. K. G. Davey (2009). Reflections on My Experience in Human Research Ethics. Journal of Academic Ethics 7 (1-2):27-31.score: 30.0
    This paper was delivered at the 2009 annual conference of the National Council on Ethics in Human Research. It is a reflective piece based on many years of experience with human research ethics and the role of Research Ethics Boards in human participant research.
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  10. Kevin Davey (2002). Obligation and the Conditional in Stit Theory. Studia Logica 72 (3):339-362.score: 30.0
    In this paper, we consider two different ways in which modus-ponens type reasoning with conditional obligations may be formalized. We develop necessary and sufficient conditions for the validity of each, and make some philosophical observations about the differences between the minor premises that each formalization requires. All this is done within the context of the Belnap-Perloff stit theory.
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  11. Nicholas Davey (1994). Hermeneutic Passions: Gadamer Versus Nietzsche on the Subjectivity of Interpretation. International Journal of Philosophical Studies 2 (1):45 – 60.score: 30.0
  12. Nicholas Davey (2004). Heidegger's Philosophy of Art. British Journal of Aesthetics 44 (2):202-204.score: 30.0
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  13. Kevin Davey (2003). Is Mathematical Rigor Necessary in Physics? British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 54 (3):439-463.score: 30.0
    Many arguments found in the physics literature involve concepts that are not well-defined by the usual standards of mathematics. I argue that physicists are entitled to employ such concepts without rigorously defining them so long as they restrict the sorts of mathematical arguments in which these concepts are involved. Restrictions of this sort allow the physicist to ignore calculations involving these concepts that might lead to contradictory results. I argue that such restrictions need not be ad hoc, but can sometimes (...)
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  14. Kevin Davey, Justification in Statistical Mechanics.score: 30.0
    According to a standard view of the second law of thermodynamics, our belief in the second law can be justified by pointing out that low entropy macrostates are less probable than high entropy macrostates, and then noting that a system in an improbable state will tend to evolve toward a more probable state. I would like to argue that this justification of the second law of thermodynamics is fundamentally flawed, and will show that some puzzles sometimes associated with the second (...)
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  15. Nicholas Davey (2011). Lest We Forget: The Question of Being and Philosophical Hermeneutics. Journal of the British Society for Phenomenology 40 (3):239-254.score: 30.0
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  16. Nicholas Davey (1986). Nietzsche's Aesthetics and the Question of Hermeneutic Interpretation. British Journal of Aesthetics 26 (4):328-344.score: 30.0
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  17. Kevin Davey (2007). Aristotle, Zeno, and the Stadium Paradox. History of Philosophy Quarterly 24 (2):127 - 146.score: 30.0
  18. Stephen Davey (2013). How to Respond to the Problem of Deviant Formal Causation. Philosophia 41 (3):703-717.score: 30.0
    Recently, a new problem has arisen for an Anscombean conception of intentional action. The claim is that the Anscombean’s emphasis on the formally causal character of practical knowledge precludes distinguishing between an aim and a merely foreseen side effect. I propose a solution to this problem: the difference between aim and side effect should be understood in terms of the familiar Anscombean distinction between acting intentionally and the intention with which one acts. I also argue that this solution has advantages (...)
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  19. Fasil Tekola, Susan Bull, Bobbie Farsides, Melanie J. Newport, Adebowale Adeyemo, Charles N. Rotimi & Gail Davey (2009). Impact of Social Stigma on the Process of Obtaining Informed Consent for Genetic Research on Podoconiosis: A Qualitative Study. BMC Medical Ethics 10 (1):13-.score: 30.0
    BackgroundThe consent process for a genetic study is challenging when the research is conducted in a group stigmatized because of beliefs that the disease is familial. Podoconiosis, also known as 'mossy foot', is an example of such a disease. It is a condition resulting in swelling of the lower legs among people exposed to red clay soil. It is a very stigmatizing problem in endemic areas of Ethiopia because of the widely held opinion that the disease runs in families and (...)
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  20. Nicholas Davey (2014). Aesthetic Reasoning: A Hermeneutic Approach. Nordic Journal of Aesthetics 23 (46).score: 30.0
    This essay considers the foundations of reasonable evaluation in the arts. These we argue concern the relations that constitute (1) our experience of art, and (2) the ontology of the art work itself. The being of the artwork, the experience and the interpretation of it all involve over-lapping modes of part–whole relations. The experience of meaningfulness is not an experience of a singular object or framework of meaning as closed and complete but an experience of relational meaning whereby exposure to (...)
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  21. Kevin Davey (2008). The Justification of Probability Measures in Statistical Mechanics. Philosophy of Science 75 (1):28-44.score: 30.0
    According to a standard view of the second law of thermodynamics, our belief in the second law can be justified by pointing out that low-entropy macrostates are less probable than high-entropy macrostates, and then noting that a system in an improbable state will tend to evolve toward a more probable state. I would like to argue that this justification of the second law is unhelpful at best and wrong at worst, and will argue that certain puzzles sometimes associated with the (...)
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  22. Kevin Davey (2009). What is Gibbs's Canonical Distribution? Philosophy of Science 76 (5):970-983.score: 30.0
    Although the canonical distribution is one of the central tools of statistical mechanics, the reason for its effectiveness is poorly understood. This is due in part to the fact that there is no clear consensus on what it means to use the canonical distribution to describe a system in equilibrium with a heat bath. I examine some traditional views as to what sort of thing we should take the canonical distribution to represent. I argue that a less explored alternative, according (...)
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  23. B. A. Davey & H. A. Priestley (1996). Optimal Natural Dualities for Varieties of Heyting Algebras. Studia Logica 56 (1-2):67 - 96.score: 30.0
    The techniques of natural duality theory are applied to certain finitely generated varieties of Heyting algebras to obtain optimal dualities for these varieties, and thereby to address algebraic questions about them. In particular, a complete characterisation is given of the endodualisable finite subdirectly irreducible Heyting algebras. The procedures involved rely heavily on Priestley duality for Heyting algebras.
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  24. Kevin Davey (2011). Thermodynamic Entropy and Its Relation to Probability in Classical Mechanics. Philosophy of Science 78 (5):955-975.score: 30.0
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  25. Nicholas Davey (2002). The Language of Twentieth-Century Art, a Conceptual History. British Journal of Aesthetics 42 (1):88-90.score: 30.0
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  26. Samantha Byrne, Paul Davey, Kirsti McFarlane, John O'Brien & Craig Templeton (2006). Patent Rights or Patent Wrongs? The Case of Patent Rights on AIDS Drugs. Business Ethics 15 (3):299–305.score: 30.0
  27. Kevin Davey (forthcoming). Can Good Science Be Logically Inconsistent? Synthese:1-18.score: 30.0
    Some philosophers have recently argued that contrary to the traditional view, good scientific theories can in fact be logically inconsistent. The literature is now full of case-studies that are taken to support this claim. I will argue however that as of yet no-one has managed to articulate a philosophically interesting view about the role of logically inconsistent theories in science that genuinely goes against tradition, is plausibly true, and is supported by any of the case studies usually given.
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  28. Kevin Davey (2006). Debating Design: From Darwin to DNA - Edited by William A. Dembski and Michael Ruse. Philosophical Books 47 (4):383-386.score: 30.0
  29. Adamu Addissie, Gail Davey, Melanie J. Newport, Thomas Addissie, Hayley MacGregor, Yeweyenhareg Feleke & Bobbie Farsides (2014). A Mixed-Methods Study on Perceptions Towards Use of Rapid Ethical Assessment to Improve Informed Consent Processes for Health Research in a Low-Income Setting. BMC Medical Ethics 15 (1):35.score: 30.0
    Rapid Ethical Assessment (REA) is a form of rapid ethnographic assessment conducted at the beginning of research project to guide the consent process with the objective of reconciling universal ethical guidance with specific research contexts. The current study is conducted to assess the perceived relevance of introducing REA as a mainstream tool in Ethiopia.
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  30. Brian A. Davey & John C. Galati (2003). A Coalgebraic View of Heyting Duality. Studia Logica 75 (3):259 - 270.score: 30.0
    We give a coalgebraic view of the restricted Priestley duality between Heyting algebras and Heyting spaces. More precisely, we show that the category of Heyting spaces is isomorphic to a full subcategory of the category of all -coalgebras, based on Boolean spaces, where is the functor which maps a Boolean space to its hyperspace of nonempty closed subsets. As an appendix, we include a proof of the characterization of Heyting spaces and the morphisms between them.
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  31. Nicholas Davey (1998). Book Reviews. [REVIEW] British Journal of Aesthetics 38 (3):92-94.score: 30.0
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  32. Nicholas Davey (2004). On the Polity of Experience. Renascence 56 (4):217-234.score: 30.0
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  33. Graham C. L. Davey (1995). Preparedness and Phobias: Specific Evolved Associations or a Generalized Expectancy Bias? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 18 (2):289.score: 30.0
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  34. J. Selgelid Michael, R. McLean Angela & Julian Savulescu Nimalan Arinaminpathy (2009). Infectious Disease Ethics: Limiting Liberty in Contexts of Contagion. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 6 (2).score: 30.0
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  35. Paul Anderson & Kevin Davey, American Dissident.score: 30.0
    Ever since, while continuing to develop his liguistic theories, he has been the most prominent US critic both of his country's foreign policy and of the intellectuals and media that give it overwhelming consensual support. "The Responsibility of Intellectuals" was followed by a series of ever more devastating attacks on American policy in Vietnam (collected in American Power and the New Mandarins and At War With Asia ): by 1970, he was far and away the best known intellectual opponent of (...)
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  36. Nicholas Davey (1997). Nietzsche and Habermas. New Nietzsche Studies 2 (1-2):61-83.score: 30.0
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  37. Stephen Davey (2012). The Problem With (Quasi-Realist) Expressivism. Southwest Philosophy Review 28 (1):33-41.score: 30.0
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  38. B. A. Davey, M. Haviar & H. A. Priestley (1995). The Syntax and Semantics of Entailment in Duality Theory. Journal of Symbolic Logic 60 (4):1087-1114.score: 30.0
    Both syntactic and semantic solutions are given for the entailment problem of duality theory. The test algebra theorem provides both a syntactic solution to the entailment problem in terms of primitive positive formulae and a new derivation of the corresponding result in clone theory, viz. the syntactic description of $\operatorname{Inv(Pol}(R))$ for a given set R of finitary relations on a finite set. The semantic solution to the entailment problem follows from the syntactic one, or can be given in the form (...)
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  39. M. Isaza, José Hipólito, Francisco Javier Jiménez González, C. Veloza, Luz Angela, A. Ramírez, Luz Stella, Andréa García Vivas, M. Londoño & Juan Carlos Sepúlveda (forthcoming). Determinación espectrofotométrica de la actividad inhibitoria de xantina oxidasa en extractos de algunas plantas melastomataceas. Scientia.score: 30.0
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  40. Brian A. Davey & Miroslav Haviar (2004). Applications of Priestley Duality in Transferring Optimal Dualities. Studia Logica 78 (1-2):213 - 236.score: 30.0
    This paper illustrates how Priestley duality can be used in the transfer of an optimal natural duality from a minimal generating algebra for a quasi-variety to other generating algebras. Detailed calculations are given for the quasi-variety of Kleene algebras and the quasi-varieties n of pseudocomplemented distributive lattices (n 1).
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  41. Nicholas Davey (1992). Book Reviews. [REVIEW] British Journal of Aesthetics 32 (3):92-94.score: 30.0
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  42. Nicholas Davey (1993). Book Reviews. [REVIEW] British Journal of Aesthetics 33 (3):92-94.score: 30.0
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  43. A. G. Davey (1973). Commentary. Journal of Moral Education 2 (3):287-288.score: 30.0
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  44. B. A. Davey & H. A. Priestley (2012). Canonical Extensions and Discrete Dualities for Finitely Generated Varieties of Lattice-Based Algebras. Studia Logica 100 (1-2):137-161.score: 30.0
    The paper investigates completions in the context of finitely generated lattice-based varieties of algebras. In particular the structure of canonical extensions in such a variety $${\mathcal {A}}$$ is explored, and the role of the natural extension in providing a realisation of the canonical extension is discussed. The completions considered are Boolean topological algebras with respect to the interval topology, and consequences of this feature for their structure are revealed. In addition, we call on recent results from duality theory to show (...)
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  45. T. H. Davey (1951). Colonial Medical Policy in Relation to Population Growth. The Eugenics Review 42 (4):190.score: 30.0
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  46. Peter J. Li & Gareth Davey (2013). Culture, Reform Politics, and Future Directions: A Review of China's Animal Protection Challenge. [REVIEW] Society and Animals 21 (1):34-53.score: 30.0
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  47. Stephen S. Davey & Carol Richards (2013). Supermarkets and Private Standards: Unintended Consequences of the Audit Ritual. [REVIEW] Agriculture and Human Values 30 (2):271-281.score: 30.0
    Recent scholarship has considered the implications of the rise of voluntary private standards in food and the role of private actors in a rapidly evolving, de-facto ‘mandatory’ sphere of governance. Standards are an important element of this globalising private sphere, but are an element that has been relatively peripheral in analyses of power in agri-food systems. Sociological thought has countered orthodox views of standards as simple tools of measurement, instead understanding their function as a governance mechanism that transforms many things, (...)
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  48. John Davey (1989). Sorting Out the Secretory Pathway. Bioessays 11 (6):185-187.score: 30.0
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  49. Graham C. L. Davey & Andy P. Field (2000). The “Benefit” of Pavlovian Conditioning – Performance Models, Hidden Costs, and Innovation. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (2):253-254.score: 30.0
    A proper evaluation of the biological significance of Pavlovian conditioning requires consideration of performance mechanisms. Domjan et al.'s definition of net benefit is simplistic, and their model promotes convergence in behaviour, ignoring the possibility of innovation.
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