Search results for 'Angela Davey' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  23
    Angela Davey, Ainsley Newson & Peter O’Leary (2006). Communication of Genetic Information Within Families: The Case for Familial Comity. [REVIEW] Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 3 (3):161-166.
    Advances in genetic technologies raise a multitude of ethical issues, some of which give rise to novel dilemmas for medical practice. One of the most controversial problems arising in clinical genetics is that of confidentiality and who may disclose genetic health information. This paper considers the question of when it is appropriate for health professionals to disclose clinically significant genetic information without patient consent. Existing ethical principles offer little guidance in relation to this issue. We build on suggestions that genetic (...)
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  2.  12
    T. Maddess, M. V. Srinivasan & M. P. Davey (1998). Response From Maddess, Srinivasan and Davey. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 2 (11):425.
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  3.  1
    Frank Davey (1990). Canadian Canons. Critical Inquiry 16 (3):672-681.
    Although canon-formation is, as Lecker suggests, a product of rhetoric and textual choices of critics, it is also a product of economic forces, political conflicts, and cultural expectations of coherence, “order,” and unitary explanation. Conditioned by some or all of these, an essay ostensibly skeptical of canons, as this one appears to be, can find itself nevertheless contributing to the thing it questions. In attempting to attribute the formation of a single national canon to a specific period , to a (...)
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  4. Nicholas Davey (1991). 4 Hermeneutics and Nietzsche's Early Thought. In Keith Ansell-Pearson (ed.), Nietzsche and Modern German Thought. Routledge 88.
     
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  5. Graham C. L. Davey (1994). The "Disgusting" Spider: The Role of Disease and Illness in the Perpetuation of Fear of Spiders. Society and Animals 2 (1):17-25.
    Recent studies of spider phobia have indicated thatfearof spiders is closely associated with the disease-avoidance response of disgust. It is argued that the disgust-relevant status of the spider resulted from its association with disease and illness in European cultures from the tenth century onward. The development of the association between spiders and illness appears to be linked to the many devastating and inexplicable epidemics that struck Europe from the Middle Ages onwards, when the spider was a suitable displaced target for (...)
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  6. Nicholas Davey (2006). Unquiet Understanding: Gadamer's Philosophical Hermeneutics. State University of New York Press.
     
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  7.  31
    Kevin Davey (2008). The Justification of Probability Measures in Statistical Mechanics. Philosophy of Science 75 (1):28-44.
    According to a standard view of the second law of thermodynamics, our belief in the second law can be justified by pointing out that low-entropy macrostates are less probable than high-entropy macrostates, and then noting that a system in an improbable state will tend to evolve toward a more probable state. I would like to argue that this justification of the second law is unhelpful at best and wrong at worst, and will argue that certain puzzles sometimes associated with the (...)
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  8.  24
    Fasil Tekola, Susan Bull, Bobbie Farsides, Melanie J. Newport, Adebowale Adeyemo, Charles N. Rotimi & Gail Davey (2009). Impact of Social Stigma on the Process of Obtaining Informed Consent for Genetic Research on Podoconiosis: A Qualitative Study. BMC Medical Ethics 10 (1):13-.
    BackgroundThe consent process for a genetic study is challenging when the research is conducted in a group stigmatized because of beliefs that the disease is familial. Podoconiosis, also known as 'mossy foot', is an example of such a disease. It is a condition resulting in swelling of the lower legs among people exposed to red clay soil. It is a very stigmatizing problem in endemic areas of Ethiopia because of the widely held opinion that the disease runs in families and (...)
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  9.  10
    Kevin Davey (2003). Is Mathematical Rigor Necessary in Physics? British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 54 (3):439-463.
    Many arguments found in the physics literature involve concepts that are not well-defined by the usual standards of mathematics. I argue that physicists are entitled to employ such concepts without rigorously defining them so long as they restrict the sorts of mathematical arguments in which these concepts are involved. Restrictions of this sort allow the physicist to ignore calculations involving these concepts that might lead to contradictory results. I argue that such restrictions need not be ad-hoc, but can sometimes be (...)
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  10. Kevin Davey & Rob Clifton (2001). Insufficient Reason in the ‘New Cosmological Argument’. Religious Studies 37 (4):485-490.
    In a recent article in this journal, Richard Gale and Alexander Pruss offer a new cosmological proof for the existence of God relying only on the Weak Principle of Sufficient Reason, W-PSR. We argue that their proof relies on applications of W-PSR that cannot be justified, and that our modal intuitions simply do not support W-PSR in the way Gale and Pruss take them to.
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  11. Brian A. Davey & A. Coalgebraic (2003). John С Calati View of Heyting. Studia Logica 75:259-270.
     
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  12.  19
    Sarah Marzillier & Graham Davey (2004). The Emotional Profiling of Disgust‐Eliciting Stimuli: Evidence for Primary and Complex Disgusts. Cognition and Emotion 18 (3):313-336.
  13.  32
    Kevin Davey (2011). Idealizations and Contextualism in Physics. Philosophy of Science 78 (1):16-38.
  14.  19
    Kevin Davey (2003). Is Mathematical Rigor Necessary in Physics? British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 54 (3):439-463.
    Many arguments found in the physics literature involve concepts that are not well-defined by the usual standards of mathematics. I argue that physicists are entitled to employ such concepts without rigorously defining them so long as they restrict the sorts of mathematical arguments in which these concepts are involved. Restrictions of this sort allow the physicist to ignore calculations involving these concepts that might lead to contradictory results. I argue that such restrictions need not be ad hoc, but can sometimes (...)
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  15.  10
    Graham C. L. Davey (1995). Preparedness and Phobias: Specific Evolved Associations or a Generalized Expectancy Bias? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 18 (2):289.
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  16.  96
    Nicholas Davey (1989). Baumgarten's Aesthetics: A Post-Gadamerian Reflection. British Journal of Aesthetics 29 (2):101-115.
  17.  6
    Fasil Tekola, Susan J. Bull, Bobbie Farsides, Melanie J. Newport, Adebowale Adeyemo, Charles N. Rotimi & Gail Davey, Tailoring Consent to Context: Designing an Appropriate Consent Process for a Biomedical Study in a Low Income Setting.
    Background Currently there is increasing recognition of the need for research in developing countries where disease burden is high. Understanding the role of local factors is important for undertaking ethical research in developing countries. We explored factors relating to information and communication during the process of informed consent, and the approach that should be followed for gaining consent. The study was conducted prior to a family-based genetic study among people with podoconiosis (non-filarial elephantiasis) in southern Ethiopia. Methodology/Principal Findings We adapted (...)
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  18.  27
    K. G. Davey (2009). Reflections on My Experience in Human Research Ethics. Journal of Academic Ethics 7 (1-2):27-31.
    This paper was delivered at the 2009 annual conference of the National Council on Ethics in Human Research. It is a reflective piece based on many years of experience with human research ethics and the role of Research Ethics Boards in human participant research.
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  19. Paul Anderson & Kevin Davey, American Dissident.
    Ever since, while continuing to develop his liguistic theories, he has been the most prominent US critic both of his country's foreign policy and of the intellectuals and media that give it overwhelming consensual support. "The Responsibility of Intellectuals" was followed by a series of ever more devastating attacks on American policy in Vietnam (collected in American Power and the New Mandarins and At War With Asia ): by 1970, he was far and away the best known intellectual opponent of (...)
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  20.  32
    Kevin Davey (2014). Can Good Science Be Logically Inconsistent? Synthese 191 (13):3009-3026.
    Some philosophers have recently argued that contrary to the traditional view, good scientific theories can in fact be logically inconsistent. The literature is now full of case-studies that are taken to support this claim. I will argue however that as of yet no-one has managed to articulate a philosophically interesting view about the role of logically inconsistent theories in science that genuinely goes against tradition, is plausibly true, and is supported by any of the case studies usually given.
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  21.  35
    Stephen Davey (2012). The Problem With (Quasi-Realist) Expressivism. Southwest Philosophy Review 28 (1):33-41.
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  22.  33
    Kevin Davey (2007). Alexander Pruss the Principle of Sufficient Reason: A Reassessment. (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006). Pp. XIII+335. £48.00 (Hbk). [REVIEW] Religious Studies 43 (4):500-503.
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  23.  77
    Kevin Davey & Mark Lippelmann (2007). Closed Systems, Explanations, and the Cosmological Argument. International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 62 (2):89 - 101.
    Examples involving infinite suspended chains or infinite trains are sometimes used to defend perceived weaknesses in traditional cosmological arguments. In this article, we distinguish two versions of the cosmological argument, suggest that such examples can only be relevant if it is one specific type of cosmological argument that is being considered, and then criticize the use of such examples in this particular type of cosmological argument. Our criticism revolves around a discussion of what it means to call a system closed, (...)
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  24.  24
    M. Isaza, José Hipólito, Francisco Javier Jiménez González, C. Veloza, Luz Angela, A. Ramírez, Luz Stella, Andréa García Vivas, M. Londoño & Juan Carlos Sepúlveda (forthcoming). Determinación espectrofotométrica de la actividad inhibitoria de xantina oxidasa en extractos de algunas plantas melastomataceas. Scientia.
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  25.  36
    Stephen Davey (2013). How to Respond to the Problem of Deviant Formal Causation. Philosophia 41 (3):703-717.
    Recently, a new problem has arisen for an Anscombean conception of intentional action. The claim is that the Anscombean’s emphasis on the formally causal character of practical knowledge precludes distinguishing between an aim and a merely foreseen side effect. I propose a solution to this problem: the difference between aim and side effect should be understood in terms of the familiar Anscombean distinction between acting intentionally and the intention with which one acts. I also argue that this solution has advantages (...)
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  26.  48
    Kevin Davey (2006). Debating Design: From Darwin to DNA - Edited by William A. Dembski and Michael Ruse. Philosophical Books 47 (4):383-386.
  27.  58
    Kevin Davey (2009). What is Gibbs's Canonical Distribution? Philosophy of Science 76 (5):970-983.
    Although the canonical distribution is one of the central tools of statistical mechanics, the reason for its effectiveness is poorly understood. This is due in part to the fact that there is no clear consensus on what it means to use the canonical distribution to describe a system in equilibrium with a heat bath. I examine some traditional views as to what sort of thing we should take the canonical distribution to represent. I argue that a less explored alternative, according (...)
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  28.  61
    Kevin Davey, Justification in Statistical Mechanics.
    According to a standard view of the second law of thermodynamics, our belief in the second law can be justified by pointing out that low entropy macrostates are less probable than high entropy macrostates, and then noting that a system in an improbable state will tend to evolve toward a more probable state. I would like to argue that this justification of the second law of thermodynamics is fundamentally flawed, and will show that some puzzles sometimes associated with the second (...)
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  29.  10
    Francis Davey (1971). Juvenal 7. 242 F. The Classical Review 21 (01):11-.
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  30.  2
    Sarah Marzillier & Graham Davey (2005). Anxiety and Disgust: Evidence for a Unidirectional Relationship. Cognition and Emotion 19 (5):729-750.
  31.  15
    Brian A. Davey & John C. Galati (2003). A Coalgebraic View of Heyting Duality. Studia Logica 75 (3):259 - 270.
    We give a coalgebraic view of the restricted Priestley duality between Heyting algebras and Heyting spaces. More precisely, we show that the category of Heyting spaces is isomorphic to a full subcategory of the category of all -coalgebras, based on Boolean spaces, where is the functor which maps a Boolean space to its hyperspace of nonempty closed subsets. As an appendix, we include a proof of the characterization of Heyting spaces and the morphisms between them.
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  32.  58
    Nicholas Davey (2002). The Language of Twentieth-Century Art, a Conceptual History. British Journal of Aesthetics 42 (1):88-90.
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  33.  27
    Brian A. Davey & Miroslav Haviar (2004). Applications of Priestley Duality in Transferring Optimal Dualities. Studia Logica 78 (1-2):213 - 236.
    This paper illustrates how Priestley duality can be used in the transfer of an optimal natural duality from a minimal generating algebra for a quasi-variety to other generating algebras. Detailed calculations are given for the quasi-variety of Kleene algebras and the quasi-varieties n of pseudocomplemented distributive lattices (n 1).
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  34.  17
    Adamu Addissie, Gail Davey, Yeweyenhareg Feleke, Thomas Addissie, Hayley Macgregor, Melanie Newport & Bobbie Farsides, A Mixed-Methods Study on Perceptions Towards Use of Rapid Ethical Assessment to Improve Health Research Informed Consent Processes in a Low-Income Setting.
    Background Rapid Ethical Assessment is a form of rapid ethnographic assessment conducted at the beginning of research project to guide the consent process with the objective of reconciling universal ethical guidance with specific research contexts. The current study is conducted to assess the perceived relevance of introducing REA as a mainstream tool in Ethiopia. Methods Mixed methods research using a sequential explanatory approach was conducted from July to September 2012, including 241 cross-sectional, self-administered and 19 qualitative, in-depth interviews among health (...)
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  35.  24
    B. A. Davey & H. A. Priestley (1996). Optimal Natural Dualities for Varieties of Heyting Algebras. Studia Logica 56 (1-2):67 - 96.
    The techniques of natural duality theory are applied to certain finitely generated varieties of Heyting algebras to obtain optimal dualities for these varieties, and thereby to address algebraic questions about them. In particular, a complete characterisation is given of the endodualisable finite subdirectly irreducible Heyting algebras. The procedures involved rely heavily on Priestley duality for Heyting algebras.
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  36.  15
    M. Isaza, José Hipólito, Lina Marcela Orozco, Diego Alejandro Rivera, Leidy Johanna Tapias, A. Ramírez, Luz Stella, C. Veloza, Luz Angela & Lina Marieth Zuleta (forthcoming). Perfiles cromatográficos preliminares por GC-MS de algunas especies de plantas melastomatáceas. Scientia.
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  37.  22
    A. G. Davey (1972). Education or Indoctrination? Journal of Moral Education 2 (1):5-15.
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  38.  11
    Stephen S. Davey & Carol Richards (2013). Supermarkets and Private Standards: Unintended Consequences of the Audit Ritual. [REVIEW] Agriculture and Human Values 30 (2):271-281.
    Recent scholarship has considered the implications of the rise of voluntary private standards in food and the role of private actors in a rapidly evolving, de-facto ‘mandatory’ sphere of governance. Standards are an important element of this globalising private sphere, but are an element that has been relatively peripheral in analyses of power in agri-food systems. Sociological thought has countered orthodox views of standards as simple tools of measurement, instead understanding their function as a governance mechanism that transforms many things, (...)
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  39.  11
    Adamu Addissie, Gail Davey, Melanie J. Newport, Thomas Addissie, Hayley MacGregor, Yeweyenhareg Feleke & Bobbie Farsides (2014). A Mixed-Methods Study on Perceptions Towards Use of Rapid Ethical Assessment to Improve Informed Consent Processes for Health Research in a Low-Income Setting. BMC Medical Ethics 15 (1):35.
    Rapid Ethical Assessment (REA) is a form of rapid ethnographic assessment conducted at the beginning of research project to guide the consent process with the objective of reconciling universal ethical guidance with specific research contexts. The current study is conducted to assess the perceived relevance of introducing REA as a mainstream tool in Ethiopia.
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  40.  16
    Nicholas Davey (1986). Nietzsche's Aesthetics and the Question of Hermeneutic Interpretation. British Journal of Aesthetics 26 (4):328-344.
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  41.  21
    Kevin Davey (2011). Thermodynamic Entropy and Its Relation to Probability in Classical Mechanics. Philosophy of Science 78 (5):955-975.
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  42.  10
    T. H. Davey (1951). Colonial Medical Policy in Relation to Population Growth. The Eugenics Review 42 (4):190.
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  43.  11
    Nicholas Davey (2014). Aesthetic Reasoning: A Hermeneutic Approach. Nordic Journal of Aesthetics 23 (46).
    This essay considers the foundations of reasonable evaluation in the arts. These we argue concern the relations that constitute our experience of art, and the ontology of the art work itself. The being of the artwork, the experience and the interpretation of it all involve over-lapping modes of part–whole relations. The experience of meaningfulness is not an experience of a singular object or framework of meaning as closed and complete but an experience of relational meaning whereby exposure to one set (...)
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  44.  21
    Kevin Davey (2007). Aristotle, Zeno, and the Stadium Paradox. History of Philosophy Quarterly 24 (2):127 - 146.
  45.  28
    Kevin Davey (2002). Obligation and the Conditional in Stit Theory. Studia Logica 72 (3):339-362.
    In this paper, we consider two different ways in which modus-ponens type reasoning with conditional obligations may be formalized. We develop necessary and sufficient conditions for the validity of each, and make some philosophical observations about the differences between the minor premises that each formalization requires. All this is done within the context of the Belnap-Perloff stit theory.
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  46.  2
    Graham C. L. Davey & Gary G. Cleland (1982). The Effect of Partial Reinforcement on the Acquisition and Extinction of Sign-Tracking and Goal-Tracking in the Rat. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 19 (2):115-118.
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  47.  15
    B. A. Davey & H. A. Priestley (2012). Canonical Extensions and Discrete Dualities for Finitely Generated Varieties of Lattice-Based Algebras. Studia Logica 100 (1-2):137-161.
    The paper investigates completions in the context of finitely generated lattice-based varieties of algebras. In particular the structure of canonical extensions in such a variety $${\mathcal {A}}$$ is explored, and the role of the natural extension in providing a realisation of the canonical extension is discussed. The completions considered are Boolean topological algebras with respect to the interval topology, and consequences of this feature for their structure are revealed. In addition, we call on recent results from duality theory to show (...)
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  48.  23
    Samantha Byrne, Paul Davey, Kirsti McFarlane, John O'Brien & Craig Templeton (2006). Patent Rights or Patent Wrongs? The Case of Patent Rights on AIDS Drugs. Business Ethics 15 (3):299–305.
  49.  8
    Peter J. Li & Gareth Davey (2013). Culture, Reform Politics, and Future Directions: A Review of China’s Animal Protection Challenge. [REVIEW] Society and Animals 21 (1):34-53.
    Incidents of animal abuse in China attract worldwide media attention. Is China culturally inclined to animal cruelty, or is the country’s development strategy a better explanation? This article addresses the subject of animal protection in China, a topic that has been ignored for too long by Western China specialists. A review of ancient Chinese thought asks whether China lacks a legacy of compassion for animals. The article then considers how China’s reform politics underlie the animal welfare crisis. Through its discussion (...)
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  50. Nicholas Davey (1987). Nietzsche and Hume on Self and Identity. Journal of the British Society for Phenomenology 18:14-29.
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