Search results for 'Anique Hommels' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Christian V. Lundestad & Anique Hommels (2007). Software Vulnerability Due to Practical Drift. Ethics and Information Technology 9 (2):89-100.score: 240.0
    The proliferation of information and communication technologies (ICTs) into all aspects of life poses unique ethical challenges as our modern societies become increasingly dependent on the flawless operation of these technologies. As we increasingly entrust our privacy, our well-being and our lives to an ever greater number of computers we need to look more closely at the risks and ethical implications of these developments. By emphasising the vulnerability of software and the practice of professional software developers, we want to make (...)
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  2. Anique Hommels (2003). Volker Welter, Biopolis: Patrick Geddes and the City of Life. [REVIEW] Metascience 12 (1):129-131.score: 240.0
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  3. Bruno Latour, Wiebe Bijker, Philippe Laredo, Steve Woolgar, Ruth McNally, Peter Peters, Annique Hommels, Michel Duret & Solange Martin, PROTEE 2000. Final Report. European Commission.score: 30.0
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  4. A. H. C. Heijden, G. Wolters, E. Fleur & J. G. M. Hommels (1992). Single-Letter Recognition Accuracy Benefits and Position Information. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 30 (2):101-104.score: 30.0
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  5. Oliver Taplin (1977). The Pick of Aeschylean Scholarship Hildebrecht Hommel: Wege zu Aischylos. (Wege der Forschung, Lxxxvii). 2 vols. Pp. xii + 475, vii + 393. Darmstadt: Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft, 1974. Cloth. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 27 (02):164-166.score: 5.0
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  6. A. W. Gomme (1930). Heliaia Heliaia : Untersuchungen zur Verfassung und Prozessordnung des athenischen Volksgerichts, insbesondere zum Schltissteil der 'ΑηναωνΦολιτεα des Aristoteles. Von F. Hommel. Pp. viii +149 ; 2 illustrations. Leipzig : Dieterich'sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, 1927. (Philologus : Supplementband XIX, Heft ii.) Geh. Rm. 12; geb. Rm. 14. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 44 (02):64-66.score: 5.0
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  7. Emily Kearns (1982). Hildebrecht Hommel: Der Gott Achilleus. (Sitzungsberichte der Heidelberger Akademie der Wissenschaften, Phil.-hist. Kl., 1980. 1.) Pp. 52; 4 plates. Heidelberg: Carl Winter, 1980. Paper, DM. 24. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 32 (02):285-286.score: 5.0
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  8. Hugh Lloyd-Jones (1990). Hildebrecht Hommel: Symbola: Kleine Schriften zur Literaturund Kulturgeschichte der Antike, II. (Collectanea, 5.) Pp. xi + 504; 1 plate. Hildesheim, Zürich and New York: Georg Olms, 1988. DM 148. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 40 (02):526-527.score: 5.0
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  9. S. L. Greenslade (1958). Hildebrecht Hommel: Schöpfer und Erhalter. Studien zum Problem Christentum und Antike. Pp. 160; 2 plates. Berlin: Lettner-Verlag, 1956. Cloth, DM. 6.80. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 8 (02):191-192.score: 5.0
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  10. Paul Skokowski, Daniel J. Simons, Christopher F. Chabris, Tatiana Schnur, Daniel T. Levin, Boris Kotchoubey, Andrea Kübler, Ute Strehl, Niels Birbaumer & Jürgen Fell (2001). Nachshon Meiran, Bernhard Hommel, Uri Bibi, and Idit Lev. Consciousness and Control in Task. Consciousness and Cognition 10:598.score: 5.0
     
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  11. Bernhard Hommel S. Akbari Chermahini (2012). More Creative Through Positive Mood? Not Everyone! Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 6.score: 2.0
    It is commonly assumed that positive mood improves human creativity and that the neurotransmitter dopamine might mediate this association. However, given the non-linear relation between dopamine and flexibility in divergent thinking (Akbari Chermahini & Hommel, 2010), the impact of mood on divergent kinds of creativity might depend on a given individual’s tonic dopamine level. We tested this possibility in adults by assessing mood, performance in a divergent-thinking task (the Alternate Uses Task), and eye-blink rates (EBRs), a well-established clinical marker of (...)
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  12. Anna Schubö Agnieszka Wykowska, Bernhard Hommel (2012). Imaging When Acting: Picture but Not Word Cues Induce Action-Related Biases of Visual Attention. Frontiers in Psychology 3.score: 2.0
    In line with the Theory of Event Coding (Hommel et al., 2001), action planning has been shown to affect perceptual processing—an effect that has been attributed to a so-called intentional weighting mechanism (Memelink & Hommel, in press; Wykowska, Schubö, & Hommel, 2009), whose functional role is to provide information for open parameters of online action adjustment (Hommel, 2010). The aim of this study was to test whether different types of action representations induce intentional weighting to various degrees. To meet this (...)
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  13. Bernhard Hommel Agnieszka Wykowska, Christine Anderl, Anna Schubö (2013). Motivation Modulates Visual Attention: Evidence From Pupillometry. Frontiers in Psychology 4.score: 2.0
    Increasing evidence suggests that action planning does not only affect the preparation and execution of overt actions but also “works back” to tune the perceptual system towards action-relevant information. We investigated whether the amount of this impact of action planning on perceptual selection varies as a function of motivation for action, which was assessed online by means of pupillometry (Experiment 1) and visual analogue scales (VAS, Experiment 2). Findings replicate the earlier observation that searching for size-defined targets is more efficient (...)
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  14. Bernhard Hommel (2007). Consciousness and Control: Not Identical Twins. Journal of Consciousness Studies 14 (1):155-176.score: 1.0
    Human cognition and action are intentional and goal-directed, and explaining how they are controlled is one of the most important tasks of the cognitive sciences. After half a century of benign neglect this task is enjoying increased attention. Unfortunately, however, current theorizing about control in general, and the role of consciousness for/in control in particular, suffers from major conceptual flaws that lead to confusion regarding the following distinctions: (i) automatic and unintentional processes, (ii) exogenous control and disturbance (in a control-theoretical (...)
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  15. Brian Bruya (ed.) (2010). Effortless Attention: A New Perspective in the Cognitive Science of Attention and Action. MIT Press.score: 1.0
    This is the first book to explore the cognitive science of effortless attention and action. Attention and action are generally understood to require effort, and the expectation is that under normal circumstances effort increases to meet rising demand. Sometimes, however, attention and action seem to flow effortlessly despite high demand. Effortless attention and action have been documented across a range of normal activities--from rock climbing to chess playing--and yet fundamental questions about the cognitive science of effortlessness have gone largely unasked. (...)
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  16. Diego Alonso, Luis J. Fuentes & Bernhard Hommel (2006). Unconscious Symmetrical Inferences: A Role of Consciousness in Event Integration. Consciousness and Cognition 15 (2):386-396.score: 1.0
  17. Bernhard Hommel, Jochen Müsseler, Gisa Aschersleben & Wolfgang Prinz (2001). The Theory of Event Coding (TEC): A Framework for Perception and Action Planning. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (5):849-878.score: 1.0
    Traditional approaches to human information processing tend to deal with perception and action planning in isolation, so that an adequate account of the perception-action interface is still missing. On the perceptual side, the dominant cognitive view largely underestimates, and thus fails to account for, the impact of action-related processes on both the processing of perceptual information and on perceptual learning. On the action side, most approaches conceive of action planning as a mere continuation of stimulus processing, thus failing to account (...)
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  18. N. Meiran, Bernhard Hommel, U. Bibi & I. Lev (2002). Consciousness and Control in Task Switching. Journal of Consciousness Studies 11 (1):10-33.score: 1.0
    Participants were required to switch among randomly ordered tasks, and instructional cues were used to indicate which task to execute. In Experiments 1 and 2, the participants indicated their readiness for the task switch before they received the target stimulus; thus, each trial was associated with two primary dependent measures: (1) readiness time and (2) target reaction time. Slow readiness responses and instructions emphasizing high readiness were paradoxically accompanied by slow target reaction time. Moreover, the effect of task switching on (...)
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  19. Sharon Zmigrod & Bernhard Hommel (2011). The Relationship Between Feature Binding and Consciousness: Evidence From Asynchronous Multi-Modal Stimuli. Consciousness and Cognition 20 (3):586-593.score: 1.0
  20. David A. Westwood & Melvyn A. Goodale (2001). Perception and Action Planning: Getting It Together. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (5):907-908.score: 1.0
    Hommel et al. propose that high-level perception and action planning share a common representational domain, which facilitates the control of intentional actions. On the surface, this point of view appears quite different from an alternative account that suggests that “action” and “perception” are functionally and neurologically dissociable processes. But it is difficult to reconcile these apparently different perspectives, because Hommel et al. do not clearly specify what they mean by “perception” and “action planning.” With respect to the visual control of (...)
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  21. Saskia van Dantzig, Antonino Raffone & Bernhard Hommel (2011). Acquiring Contextualized Concepts: A Connectionist Approach. Cognitive Science 35 (6):1162-1189.score: 1.0
    Conceptual knowledge is acquired through recurrent experiences, by extracting statistical regularities at different levels of granularity. At a fine level, patterns of feature co-occurrence are categorized into objects. At a coarser level, patterns of concept co-occurrence are categorized into contexts. We present and test CONCAT, a connectionist model that simultaneously learns to categorize objects and contexts. The model contains two hierarchically organized CALM modules (Murre, Phaf, & Wolters, 1992). The first module, the Object Module, forms object representations based on co-occurrences (...)
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  22. Robert E. Shaw & Jeffrey B. Wagman (2001). Explanatory Burdens and Natural Law: Invoking a Field Description of Perception-Action. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (5):905-906.score: 1.0
    Although we agree with Hommel et al. that perception and action refer to one another, we disagree that they do so via a code. Gibson (1966; 1979) attempted to frame perception-action as a field phenomenon rather than as a particle phenomenon. From such a perspective, perception and action are adjoint, mutually interacting through an information field, and codes are unnecessary.
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  23. Wilfried Kunde (2001). Exploring the Hyphen in Ideo-Motor Action. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (5):891-892.score: 1.0
    This commentary focuses on Hommel et al.'s inferences on action planning. It discusses the relevance of anticipated extrinsic movement effects for action control, the problems of a feature-based representation of actions, and the necessity of the acquisition of conditional movement-effect associations.
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  24. Marie-Aimée Dronne, Jean-Pierre Boissel, Emmanuel Grenier, Hervé Gilquin, Michel Cucherat, Marc Hommel, Emmanuel Barbier & Giampiero Bricca (2004). Mathematical Modelling of an Ischemic Stroke: An Integrative Approach. Acta Biotheoretica 52 (4).score: 1.0
    Understanding the mechanisms and the time and spatial evolution of penumbra following an ischemic stroke is crucially important for developing therapeutics aimed at preventing this area from evolving towards infarction. To help in integrating the available data, we decided to build a formal model. We first collected and categorised the major available evidence from animal models and human observations and summarized this knowledge in a flow-chart with the potential key components of an evolving stroke. Components were grouped in ten sub-models (...)
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  25. Bernhard Hommel (2013). Dancing in the Dark: No Role for Consciousness in Action Control. Frontiers in Psychology 4.score: 1.0
    Dancing in the dark: no role for consciousness in action control.
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  26. Heiko Reuss, Andrea Kiesel, Wilfried Kunde & Bernhard Hommel (2011). Unconscious Activation of Task Sets. Consciousness and Cognition 20 (3):556-567.score: 1.0
  27. Bernhard Hommel & Lorenza S. Colzato (2010). Religion as a Control Guide: On the Impact of Religion on Cognition. Zygon 45 (3):596-604.score: 1.0
    Religions commonly are taken to provide general orientation in leading one's life. We develop here the idea that religions also may have a much more concrete guidance function in providing systematic decision biases in the face of cognitive-control dilemmas. In particular, we assume that the selective reward that religious belief systems provide for rule-conforming behavior induces systematic biases in cognitive-control parameters that are functional in producing the wanted behavior. These biases serve as default values under uncertainty and affect performance in (...)
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  28. Catherine Caldwell-Harris & Shimon Edelman, Measuring Mental Entrenchment of Phrases with Perceptual Identification, Familiarity Ratings, and Corpus Frequency Statistics.score: 1.0
    Word recognition is the Petri dish of the cognitive sciences. The processes hypothesized to govern naming, identifying and evaluating words have shaped this field since its origin in the 1970s. Techniques to measure lexical processing are not just the back-bone of the typical experimental psychology laboratory, but are now routinely used by cognitive neuroscientists to study brain processing and increasingly by social and clinical psychologists (Eder, Hommel, and De Houwer 2007). Models developed to explain lexical processing have also aspired to (...)
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  29. Andreas B. Eder & Bernhard Hommel (2013). Anticipatory Control of Approach and Avoidance: An Ideomotor Approach. Emotion Review 5 (3):275-279.score: 1.0
    This article reviews evidence suggesting that the cause of approach and avoidance behavior lies not so much in the presence (i.e., the stimulus) but, rather, in the behavior’s anticipated future consequences (i.e., the goal): Approach is motivated by the goal to produce a desired consequence or end-state, while avoidance is motivated by the goal to prevent an undesired consequence or end-state. However, even though approach and avoidance are controlled by goals rather than stimuli, affective stimuli can influence action control by (...)
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  30. Bernhard Hommel, Jochen Müsseler, Gisa Aschersleben & Wolfgang Prinz (2001). Codes and Their Vicissitudes. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (5):910-926.score: 1.0
    First, we discuss issues raised with respect to the Theory of Event Coding (TEC)'s scope, that is, its limitations and possible extensions. Then, we address the issue of specificity, that is, the widespread concern that TEC is too unspecified and, therefore, too vague in a number of important respects. Finally, we elaborate on our views about TEC's relations to other important frameworks and approaches in the field like stages models, ecological approaches, and the two-visual-pathways model. Footnotes1 We acknowledge the precedence (...)
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  31. J. Scott Jordan (2001). The Theory of Event Coding (TEC)'s Framework May Leave Perception Out of the Picture. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (5):890-890.score: 1.0
    Hommel et al. propose that action planning and perception utilize common resources. This implies perception should have intention-relative content. Data supporting this implication are presented. These findings challenge the notion of perception as “seeing.” An alternative is suggested (i.e., perception as distal control) that may provide a means of integrating representational and ecological approaches to the study of organism-environment coordination.
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  32. Jörn Diedrichsen & Eliot Hazeltine (2001). Unifying by Binding: Will Binding Really Bind? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (5):884-885.score: 1.0
    The theory of event coding by Hommel et al. proposes that feature binding is a central component of action planning. To evaluate the binding hypothesis, we consider findings from studies of action-perception interference and bimanual movements. We argue that although binding of action features may be a valuable concept, interference from partial feature overlap does not provide a parsimonious account for the observed phenomena.
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  33. Bernhard Hommel Lorenza S. Colzato, Ellen R. A. De Bruijn (2012). Up to “Me” or Up to “Us”? The Impact of Self-Construal Priming on Cognitive Self-Other Integration. Frontiers in Psychology 3.score: 1.0
    The degree to which people construe their perceived self as independent from or interdependent with their social environment can vary. We tested whether the current degree of social self-construal predicts the degree to which individuals integrate others into their self-concept. Participants worked through tasks that drew attention to either personal interdependence (e.g., by instructing participants to circle all relational pronouns in a text, such as “we”, “our”, or “us”) or independence (by having them to circle pronouns such as “I”, “my”, (...)
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  34. Robert W. Proctor & Kim-Phuong L. Vu (2001). TEC: Integrated View of Perception and Action or Framework for Response Selection? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (5):899-900.score: 1.0
    The Theory of Event Coding (TEC) presented in Hommel et al.'s target article provides a useful heuristic framework for stimulating research. Although the authors present TEC as providing a more integrated view of perception and action than classical information processing, TEC is restricted to the stage often called response selection and shares many features with existing theories.
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  35. Anna Schubö Agnieszka Wykowska (2012). Action Intentions Modulate Allocation of Visual Attention: Electrophysiological Evidence. Frontiers in Psychology 3.score: 1.0
    In line with the Theory of Event Coding (Hommel et al., 2001), action planning has been shown to affect perceptual processing—an effect that has been attributed to a so-called intentional weighting mechanism (Hommel, 2010; Wykowska, Schubö, & Hommel, 2009). This paper investigates the electrophysiological correlates of action-related modulations of selection mechanisms in visual perception. A paradigm combining a visual search task for size and luminance targets with a movement task (grasping or pointing) was introduced, and the EEG was recorded while (...)
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  36. Eric Cornuel & Ulrich Hommel (2012). Business Schools as a Positive Force for Fostering Societal Change. Business and Professional Ethics Journal 31 (2):289-312.score: 1.0
    The purpose of the article is to encourage (and in certain ways to initiate) an intellectual debate on how business schools can meet the intellectual challenge resulting from the financial crisis. We argue that this will involve questioning the traditional paradigms of management research, will require broadening the intellectual foundation of business school activities, and will trigger revision processes to incorporate the derived learning points into degree and non-degree programs. European business schools have to cope with these challenges during a (...)
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  37. Penelope A. Hommel, Lu-In Wang & James A. Bergman (1990). Trends in Guardianship Reform: Implications for the Medical and Legal Professions. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 18 (3):213-226.score: 1.0
  38. Mark Siebel (2004). Does TEC Explain the Emergence of Distal Representations? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (4):588-589.score: 1.0
    Hommel et al. (2001) try to explain the emergence of distal representations by an evolutionary account which includes their theory of event coding. A closer look at the way the terms “distal representations” and “representations of events” are defined reveals, however, that their hypothesis of a common code for perceived and to-be-produced events is in fact superfluous. Moreover, it shows that they mix up empirical facts with conceptual/definitional facts in the second assumption of their explanation.
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  39. Poppy Watson, Sanne De Wit, Bernhard Hommel & Reinout W. Wiers (2012). Motivational Mechanisms and Outcome Expectancies Underlying the Approach Bias Toward Addictive Substances. Frontiers in Psychology 3.score: 1.0
    Human behavior can be paradoxical, in that actions can be initiated that are seemingly incongruent with an individual’s explicit desires. This is most commonly observed in drug addiction, where maladaptive behavior (i.e. drug seeking) appears to be compulsive, continuing at great personal cost. Approach biases towards addictive substances have been correlated with actual drug-use in a number of studies, suggesting that this measure can, in some cases, index everyday maladaptive tendencies. At present it is unclear whether this bias to drug (...)
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  40. Carina Bååth, Ewa Idvall, Lena Gunningberg & Ami Hommel (2014). Pressure‐Reducing Interventions Among Persons with Pressure Ulcers: Results From the First Three National Pressure Ulcer Prevalence Surveys in Sweden. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 20 (1):58-65.score: 1.0
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  41. Soghra Akbari Chermahini & Bernhard Hommel (2010). The (B)Link Between Creativity and Dopamine: Spontaneous Eye Blink Rates Predict and Dissociate Divergent and Convergent Thinking. Cognition 115 (3):458-465.score: 1.0
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  42. L. S. Colzato, B. Hommel, W. P. Wildenberg & S. Hsieh (2009). Buddha as an Eye Opener: A Link Between Prosocial Attitude and Attentional Control. Frontiers in Psychology 1:156-156.score: 1.0
    Increasing evidence suggests that religious practice induces systematic biases in attentional control. We used Navon’s global-local task to compare attentional bias in Taiwanese Buddhists and Taiwanese atheists; two groups brought up in the same country and culture and matched with respect to race, intelligence, sex, and age. Given the Buddhist emphasis on compassion for the physical and social environment, we expected a more global bias in Buddhist than in Atheist participants. In line with these expectations, Buddhists showed a larger global-precedence (...)
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  43. Lorenza S. Colzato, Jay Pratt & Bernhard Hommel (2010). Dopaminergic Control of Attentional Flexibility: Inhibition of Return is Associated with the Dopamine Transporter Gene (DAT1). Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 4.score: 1.0
  44. Lorenza S. Colzato, Manuel Ruiz, Wery Pm van den Wildenberg, Maria Teresa Bajo & Bernhard Hommel (2011). Long-Term Effects of Chronic Khat Use: Impaired Inhibitory Control. Frontiers in Psychology 1:219.score: 1.0
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  45. L. S. Colzato, L. Hooidonk, W. P. Wildenberg, F. Harinck & B. Hommel (2009). Sexual Orientation Biases Attentional Control: A Possible Gaydar Mechanism. Frontiers in Psychology 1:13-13.score: 1.0
    Homosexuals are believed to have a “sixth sense” for recognizing each other, an ability referred to as gaydar. We considered that being a homosexual might rely on systematic practice of processing relatively specific, local perceptual features, which might lead to a corresponding chronic bias of attentional control. This was tested by comparing male and female homosexuals and heterosexuals--brought up in the same country and culture and matched in terms of race, intelligence, sex, mood, age, personality, religious background, educational style, and (...)
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  46. Bernhard Hommel E. A. Claudia Pama, Lorenza S. Colzato (2013). Optogenetics as a Neuromodulation Tool in Cognitive Neuroscience. Frontiers in Psychology 4.score: 1.0
    Optogenetics as a neuromodulation tool in cognitive neuroscience.
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  47. Bernhard Hommel Henk van Steenbergen, Guido P. H. Band (2011). Threat But Not Arousal Narrows Attention: Evidence From Pupil Dilation and Saccade Control. Frontiers in Psychology 2.score: 1.0
    It has been shown that negative affect causes attentional narrowing. According to Easterbrook’s (1959) influential hypothesis this effect is driven by the withdrawal motivation inherent to negative emotions and might be related to increases in arousal. We investigated whether valence-unspecific increases in physiological arousal, as measured by pupil dilation, could account for attentional narrowing effects in a cognitive control task. Following the presentation of a negative, positive, or neutral picture, participants performed a saccade task with a prosaccade versus an antisaccade (...)
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  48. Bernhard Hommel, Lorenza S. Colzato, Rico Fischer & Ingrid K. Christoffels (2011). Bilingualism and Creativity: Benefits in Convergent Thinking Come with Losses in Divergent Thinking. Frontiers in Psychology 2.score: 1.0
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  49. Bernhard Hommel (2004). Event Files: Feature Binding in and Across Perception and Action. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 8 (11):494-500.score: 1.0
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  50. Robert D. Oades & Katja Kreul (2001). Anomalous Processing in Schizophrenia Suggests Adaptive Event-Action Coding Requires Multiple Executive Brain Mechanisms. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (5):895-896.score: 1.0
    The integration of perceived events with appropriate action usually requires more flexibility to result in adaptive responses than Hommel et al. report in their selective review. The need for hierarchies of function that can intervene and the existence of diverse mediating brain mechanisms can be illustrated by the non-adaptive expression in psychiatric illness of negative priming, blocking, and affective responses.
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