Search results for 'Anja Inkeri Lehtinen' (try it on Scholar)

205 found
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  1.  30
    Simo Knuuttila & Anja Inkeri Lehtinen (1979). Change and Contradiction: A Fourteenth-Century Controversy. Synthese 40 (1):189 - 207.
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  2. Reijo Työrinoja, Anja Inkeri Lehtinen & Dagfinn Føllesdal (eds.) (1990). Knowledge and Medieval Philosophy. Annals of the Finnish Society for Missiology and Ecumenics.
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  3.  23
    Aki Lehtinen, A Farewell to IIA.
    Arrow's Independence of Irrelevant Alternatives (IIA) has been under criticism for decades for not taking account of preference intensities. Computer-simulation results by Aki Lehtinen concerning strategic voting under various voting rules show that this intensity argument does not need to rest on mere intuition. Voters may express intensities by voting strategically, and that this has beneficial aggregate-level consequences: utilitarian efficiency is higher if voters engage in strategic behaviour than if they always vote sincerely. Strategic voting is thus unambiguously beneficial (...)
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  4.  4
    Aki Lehtinen (2009). Intentions in Invisible-Hand Accounts. Journal of Economic Methodology 16 (4):409-416.
    N. Emrah Aydinonat's account of the invisible-hand is analysed. One of the conditions for unintended social consequences is it requires that individuals' intentions are exclusively directed at the individual level. This condition is weakened in order to accommodate cases in which individuals may also aim at consequences at the social level but the model clearly depicts the invisible hand. Lehtinen's model of counterbalancing strategic votes is proposed as an example that satisfies Aydinonat's conditions, if they are modified as suggested.
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  5.  46
    J. Kuorikoski, A. Lehtinen & C. Marchionni (2010). Economic Modelling as Robustness Analysis. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 61 (3):541-567.
    We claim that the process of theoretical model refinement in economics is best characterised as robustness analysis: the systematic examination of the robustness of modelling results with respect to particular modelling assumptions. We argue that this practise has epistemic value by extending William Wimsatt's account of robustness analysis as triangulation via independent means of determination. For economists robustness analysis is a crucial methodological strategy because their models are often based on idealisations and abstractions, and it is usually difficult to tell (...)
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  6.  26
    Jaakko Kuorikoski, Aki Lehtinen & Caterina Marchionni (2012). Robustness Analysis Disclaimer: Please Read the Manual Before Use! Biology and Philosophy 27 (6):891-902.
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  7.  58
    Jaakko Kuorikoski & Aki Lehtinen (2009). Incredible Worlds, Credible Results. Erkenntnis 70 (1):119 - 131.
    Robert Sugden argues that robustness analysis cannot play an epistemic role in grounding model-world relationships because the procedure is only a matter of comparing models with each other. We posit that this argument is based on a view of models as being surrogate systems in too literal a sense. In contrast, the epistemic importance of robustness analysis is easy to explicate if modelling is viewed as extended cognition, as inference from assumptions to conclusions. Robustness analysis is about assessing the reliability (...)
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  8.  39
    Aki Lehtinen & Jaakko Kuorikoski (2007). Computing the Perfect Model: Why Do Economists Shun Simulation? Philosophy of Science 74 (3):304-329.
    Like other mathematically intensive sciences, economics is becoming increasingly computerized. Despite the extent of the computation, however, there is very little true simulation. Simple computation is a form of theory articulation, whereas true simulation is analogous to an experimental procedure. Successful computation is faithful to an underlying mathematical model, whereas successful simulation directly mimics a process or a system. The computer is seen as a legitimate tool in economics only when traditional analytical solutions cannot be derived, i.e., only as a (...)
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  9.  98
    Aki Lehtinen & Jaakko Kuorikoski (2007). Unrealistic Assumptions in Rational Choice Theory. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 37 (2):115-138.
    The most common argument against the use of rational choice models outside economics is that they make unrealistic assumptions about individual behavior. We argue that whether the falsity of assumptions matters in a given model depends on which factors are explanatorily relevant. Since the explanatory factors may vary from application to application, effective criticism of economic model building should be based on model-specific arguments showing how the result really depends on the false assumptions. However, some modeling results in imperialistic applications (...)
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  10.  10
    Aki Petteri Lehtinen, Jaakko Kuorikoski & Petri Ylikoski (eds.) (2012). Economics for Real: Uskali Mäki and the Place of Truth in Economics. Routledge.
    This book provides the first comprehensive and critical examination of Mäki's realist philosophy of economics.
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  11. Jaakko Kuorikoski & Aki Lehtinen (2009). Incredible Worlds, Credible Results. Erkenntnis 70 (1):119-131.
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  12.  42
    Jaakko Kuorikoski, Aki Lehtinen & Caterina Marchionni, Economics as Robustness Analysis.
    All economic models involve abstractions and idealisations. Economic theory itself does not tell which idealizations are truly fatal or harmful for the result and which are not. This is why much of what is seen as theoretical contribution in economics is constituted by deriving familiar results from different modelling assumptions. If a modelling result is robust with respect to particular modelling assumptions, the empirical falsity of these particular assumptions does not provide grounds for criticizing the result. In this paper we (...)
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  13.  20
    J. Kuorikoski & A. Lehtinen (2010). Economics Imperialism and Solution Concepts in Political Science. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 40 (3):347-374.
    Political science and economic science . . . make use of the same language, the same mode of abstraction, the same instruments of thought and the same method of reasoning. (Black 1998, 354) Proponents as well as opponents of economics imperialism agree that imperialism is a matter of unification; providing a unified framework for social scientific analysis. Uskali Mäki distinguishes between derivational and ontological unification and argues that the latter should serve as a constraint for the former. We explore whether, (...)
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  14.  6
    Aki Lehtinen (2007). The Welfare Consequences of Strategic Voting in Two Commonly Used Parliamentary Agendas. Theory and Decision 63 (1):1-40.
    This paper studies the welfare consequences of strategic voting in two commonly used parliamentary agendas by comparing the average utilities obtained in simulated voting under two behavioural assumptions: expected utility maximising behaviour and sincere behaviour. The average utility obtained in simulations is higher with expected utility maximising behaviour than with sincere voting behaviour under a broad range of assumptions. Strategic voting increases welfare particularly if the distribution of preference intensities correlates with voter types.
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  15.  4
    E. Malmqvist, K. Natunen, M. Lehtinen & G. Helgesson (2012). Just Implementation of Human Papillomavirus Vaccination. Journal of Medical Ethics 38 (4):247-249.
    Many countries are now implementing human papillomavirus vaccination. There is disagreement about who should receive the vaccine. Some propose vaccinating both boys and girls in order to achieve the largest possible public health impact. Others regard this approach as too costly and claim that only girls should be vaccinated. We question the assumption that decisions about human papillomavirus vaccination policy should rely solely on estimates of overall benefits and costs. There are important social justice aspects that also need to be (...)
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  16.  2
    Erik Malmqvist, Gert Helgesson, Johannes Lehtinen, Kari Natunen & Matti Lehtinen (2011). The Ethics of Implementing Human Papillomavirus Vaccination in Developed Countries. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 14 (1):19-27.
    Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is the world’s most common sexually transmitted infection. It is a prerequisite for cervical cancer, the second most common cause of death in cancer among women worldwide, and is also believed to cause other anogenital and head and neck cancers. Vaccines that protect against the most common cancer-causing HPV types have recently become available, and different countries have taken different approaches to implementing vaccination. This paper examines the ethics of alternative HPV vaccination strategies. It devotes particular (...)
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  17.  1
    Aki Lehtinen (forthcoming). Allocating Confirmation with Derivational Robustness. Philosophical Studies:1-23.
    Robustness may increase the degree to which the robust result is indirectly confirmed if it is shown to depend on confirmed rather than disconfirmed assumptions. Although increasing the weight with which existing evidence indirectly confirms it in such a case, robustness may also be irrelevant for confirmation, or may even disconfirm. Whether or not it confirms depends on the available data and on what other results have already been established.
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  18.  7
    Ullaliina Lehtinen (1998). How Does One Know What Shame Is? Epistemology, Emotions, and Forms of Life in Juxtaposition. Hypatia 13 (1):56 - 77.
    Do women conceptualize-understand, know about, and react to-shame differently from the way men do? Does the experience and knowledge of shame have a gender-specificity, and along what lines could it be analyzed? By introducing a distinction between life or enduring experiences, "Erfahrung," and episodic or occurrent experiences, "Erlebnis," and by juxtaposing this distinction with the Rylean notion that knowledge is dispositional this paper argues for the plausibility of a gender-specificity.
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  19.  15
    Aki Lehtinen (2013). On the Impossibility of Amalgamating Evidence. Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 44 (1):101-110.
    It is argued in this paper that amalgamating confirmation from various sources is relevantly different from social-choice contexts, and that proving an impossibility theorem for aggregating confirmation measures directs attention to irrelevant issues.
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  20. M. Lehtinen (2003). The Illusion of Unity: Traces of Negativity in Schiller's Aesthetic Theory. Acta Philosophica Fennica 72:45-64.
     
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  21.  11
    Aki Lehtinen (2013). Preferences as Total Subjective Comparative Evaluations. Journal of Economic Methodology 20 (2):206-210.
  22.  4
    Aki Lehtinen (2013). Three Kinds of ‘as-If’ Claims. Journal of Economic Methodology 20 (2):184-205.
    As-if locutions are used (a) in order to indicate that an inaccurate or unrealistic assumption is being made because some inaccuracy or unrealisticness is negligible. This kind of claim has two sub-cases. (a1) The as-if locution is used to indicate that the as-if claim in itself is inaccurate and that its inaccuracy does not matter for the purposes of the investigation. (a2) It is used to indicate that claims are made without regard to the causal factors that are assumed to (...)
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  23.  4
    Jukka M. Laitamaki, Raija Järvinen & Uolevi Lehtinen (2008). Irrational Consumer Behavior in Financial Services. Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 19:16-22.
    Consumer driven and globally competitive financial markets are crucial for the future prosperity of the Finnish society (Laitamäki, Lehti and Paasio 1996). The largest transfer of wealth in history is currently taking place as Baby Boomers (born 1946-1964) prepare for their retirement and inherit the assets of the previous generation. Due to cognitive limitations and emotional biases these consumers don’t always make rational decisions with financial services. This conceptual study addresses irrational financial consumer behavior and its impact on the Finnish (...)
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  24.  11
    Esa Lehtinen (2009). Practical Hermeneutics: Noticing in Bible Study Interaction. [REVIEW] Human Studies 32 (4):461-485.
    This article presents an ethnomethodological respecification of the philosophical problem of the hermeneutics of ancient texts. I analyze an interactional practice, namely, noticing an aspect of the Bible text in Seventh-day Adventist Bible study. I show how noticings are used to make the text “speak” to the participants of the Bible study and discuss how the participants show their orientation to this action in the next turn and how they rely on various cultural resources to make sense of the text. (...)
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  25.  3
    Aki Lehtinen, Uskali Mäki & Caterina Marchionni (2014). Introduction to the Special Issue: Papers From the IX INEM Conference in Helsinki. Journal of Economic Methodology 21 (1):1-2.
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  26.  1
    Markku Lehtinen (1999). Against Nature - The Question of Mimesis in Heidegger's Philosophy of Art. Nordic Journal of Aesthetics 11 (19).
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  27.  2
    Howard T. Jacobs, Sanna K. Lehtinen & Johannes N. Spelbrink (2000). No Sex Please, We're Mitochondria: A Hypothesis on the Somatic Unit of Inheritance of Mammalian mtDNA. Bioessays 22 (6):564-572.
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  28. Oskamp Anja (1999). Richard Susskind, the Future of Law, Facing Challenges of Information Technology. Artificial Intelligence and Law 7 (4).
     
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  29. Tarja Knuuttila & Aki Petteri Lehtinen (eds.) (2010). Representaatio: Tiedon Kivijalasta Tieteiden Työkaluksi. Gaudeamus Helsinki University Press.
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  30. Virpi Lehtinen (2014). Luce Irigaray's Phenomenology of Feminine Being. State University of New York Press.
    _A dynamic interpretation of feminine identity capable of resistance, change, and transformation._.
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  31. Virpi Lehtinen (2015). Luce Irigaray's Phenomenology of Feminine Being. State University of New York Press.
    _A dynamic interpretation of feminine identity capable of resistance, change, and transformation._.
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  32. Sarnoff A. Mednick & Laura E. Lehtinen (1957). Stimulus Generalization as a Function of Age in Children. Journal of Experimental Psychology 53 (3):180.
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  33. Ullaliina Lehtinen, Joakim Ohlen & Kenneth Asplund (2005). Some Remarks on the Relevance of Basic Research in Nursing Inquiry. Nursing Philosophy 6 (1):43-50.
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  34.  9
    Roberto Fumagalli (2013). Economics for Real. Uskali Mäki and the Place of Truth in Economics, Edited by Aki Lehtinen, Jaakko Kuorikoski and Petri Ylikoski. Routledge, 2012, Xiii+ 280 Pages. [REVIEW] Economics and Philosophy 29 (2):283-289.
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  35.  4
    Christine Bard (1997). Ilse LENZ, Anja SZYPULSKI, Beate MOLSICH (Hrsg.), Frauenbewegungen international. Eine Arbeitsbibliographie, Opladen, Leske + Budrich, 1996, 234 p. [REVIEW] Clio 1:20-20.
    Trois chercheuses allemandes viennent de publier une somme bibliographique (2250 références) sur les mouvements de femmes et les associations féministes, passés et présents. Les ouvrages à caractère de source ne sont qu'exceptionnellement mentionnés, de même que les rapports de recherche et les petits essais. La sélection porte principalement sur des ouvrages parus après 1970, en anglais, allemand et français et concernant les mouvements de femmes non seulement en Europe et en Amérique..
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  36.  13
    Tamar Levanon (2010). A Reply to Anja Jauernig's Article, 'Leibniz on Motion and the Equivalence of Hypothesis,' The Leibniz Review, Vol. 18, 2008. The Leibniz Review 20:139-150.
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  37.  6
    Daniel M. Hausman (2013). A Reply to Lehtinen, Teschl and Pattanaik. Journal of Economic Methodology 20 (2):219-223.
  38.  1
    Ana Isabel Jiménez San Cristóbal (2014). Horster, Marietta y Klöckner, Anja (eds.), "Cities and Priests. Cult Personnel in Asia Minor and the Aegean Islands from the Hellenistic to the Imperial Period.". [REVIEW] 'Ilu. Revista de Ciencias de Las Religiones 19:323-324.
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  39.  4
    N. Gonis (2005). Papyri From Petra J. Frösén, A. Arjava, M. Lehtinen (Edd.): The Petra Papyri I . (American Center of Oriental Research Publications 4.). Pp. Xx + 144, Ills, Pls. Amman: American Center of Oriental Research, 2002. Cased, US$80. ISBN: 0-90-95654-. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 55 (02):655-.
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  40. Tamar Levanon (2010). A Reply to Anja Jauernig’s Article, ‘Leibniz on Motion and the Equivalence of Hypothesis,’ The Leibniz Review, Vol. 18, 2008. Leibniz Society Review 20:139-150.
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  41. Niklas Luhmann (2004). Anja Weiß Unterschiede. In Armin Nassehi & Gerd Nollmann (eds.), Bourdieu Und Luhmann: Ein Theorienvergleich. Suhrkamp 208.
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  42. Rasim Muminović (2010). Filozofija I Društvena Događanja. Dobra Knjiga.
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  43.  8
    Anja Karnein (2012). A Theory of Unborn Life: From Abortion to Genetic Manipulation. OUP Usa.
    In light of new biomedical technologies, such as artificial reproduction, stem cell research, genetic selection and design, the question of what we owe to future persons-and unborn life more generally-is as contested as ever. In A Theory of Unborn Life: From Abortion to Genetic Manipulation, author Anja J. Karnein provides a novel theory that shows how our commitments to persons can help us make sense of our obligations to unborn life. We should treat embryos that will develop into persons (...)
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  44.  56
    Anja Karnein (2014). Putting Fairness in Its Place: Why There Is a Duty to Take Up the Slack. Journal of Philosophy 111 (11):593-607.
    The view that agents are not obliged to do more than their initial fair shares when their fellow duty bearers fail to comply has prominent defenders, including Liam Murphy and David Miller. While Murphy thinks that asking agents to take up other agents’ slack would be unfair, Miller claims that slack-taking cannot be required because primary responsibility does not migrate from noncompliers to compliers. This paper argues, by contrast, that there are a number of circumstances in which there is a (...)
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  45.  29
    Brian Harvey & Anja Schaefer (2001). Managing Relationships with Environmental Stakeholders: A Study of U.K. Water and Electricity Utilities. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 30 (3):243 - 260.
    In this paper we report a study of the approach of six U.K. water and electricity companies towards managing the relationship with their ''green'' stakeholders. Stakeholders are accorded increasing importance in political discourse and stakeholder theory is emerging as a promising framework for the analysis of corporate social performance.We studied the companies'' general approach towards green stakeholders, their dealings with specific stakeholder groups and whether they emphasised the consultation or the information aspect of stakeholder management. We found that none of (...)
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  46.  17
    Joni Valkila & Anja Nygren (2010). Impacts of Fair Trade Certification on Coffee Farmers, Cooperatives, and Laborers in Nicaragua. Agriculture and Human Values 27 (3):321-333.
    This paper analyzes the possibilities and challenges of Fair Trade certification as a movement seeking to improve the well-being of small-scale coffee growers and coffee laborers in the global South. Six months of fieldwork was conducted in 2005–2006 to study the roles of a wide range of farmers, laborers, cooperative administrators, and export companies in Fair Trade coffee production and trade in Nicaragua. The results of our evaluation of the ability of Fair Trade to meet its objectives indicate that Fair (...)
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  47.  92
    Mary S. Morgan & Till Grüne-Yanoff (2013). Modeling Practices in the Social and Human Sciences. An Interdisciplinary Exchange. Perspectives on Science 21 (2):143-156.
    Philosophers of science studying scientific practice often consider it a methodological requirement that their conceptualization of "model" closely connects with the understanding and use of models by practicing scientists. Occasionally, this connection has been explicitly made (Hutten 1954, Suppes 1961, Morgan and Morrison 1999, Bailer-Jones 2002, Lehtinen and Kuorikoski 2007, Kuorikoski 2007, Morgan 2012a). These studies have been dominated by a focus on the—relatively similar forms of—mathematical models in physics and economics. Yet it has become increasingly evident that the (...)
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  48.  1
    Jeroen Stouten, Elfi Baillien, Anja Van den Broeck, Jeroen Camps, Hans De Witte & Martin Euwema (2010). Discouraging Bullying: The Role of Ethical Leadership and its Effects on the Work Environment. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 95 (1):17-27.
    Bullying is one of the most impactful deviant actions that affects workers’ personal health and work experience. Bullying is a quite distinctive deviant behavior as targets are subjected to transgressions that could last for months or longer. Even though a number of actions can be taken to resolve bullying between all parties, from the viewpoint of the target it is hard to resolve the situation. As a result, hierarchical influence may be necessary to prevent bullying in the first place. (...)
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  49.  4
    Volker Hoffmann, Kirsten Probst & Anja Christinck (2007). Farmers and Researchers: How Can Collaborative Advantages Be Created in Participatory Research and Technology Development? [REVIEW] Agriculture and Human Values 24 (3):355-368.
    This article examines differences in the research approaches of farmers and scientists and analyzes how these differences are related to the conditions under which both groups engage in experimental work. Theoretical considerations as well as practical experiences are presented to emphasize the great potential of farmer–researcher collaboration for rural innovation. In the first part of the article, the innovative power of farmer research and experimentation is acknowledged by presenting examples such as crop and animal breeding, development of new production systems, (...)
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  50.  31
    Jamie-Lee Campbell & Anja S. Göritz (2013). Culture Corrupts! A Qualitative Study of Organizational Culture in Corrupt Organizations. Journal of Business Ethics 120 (3):1-21.
    Although theory refers to organizational culture as an important variable in corrupt organizations, only little empirical research has addressed the characteristics of a corrupt organizational culture. Besides some characteristics that go hand in hand with unethical behavior and other features of corrupt organizations, we are still not able to describe a corrupt organizational culture in terms of its underlying assumptions, values, and norms. With a qualitative approach, we studied similarities of organizational culture across different corrupt organizations. In this study, we (...)
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