Search results for 'Anna Bergmann' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Anna Bergmann (2009). An den Grenzen des Lebens: Die anatomische Konzeption vom. Die Philosophin 16 (31):55 - 68.score: 240.0
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  2. Anna Bergmann (2005). An den Grenzen des Lebens: Die Anatomische Konzeption Vom "Körper-Menschen" Und Tabubrüche in der Transplantationsmedizin. Die Philosophin 16 (31):55-68.score: 240.0
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  3. Hugo Bergmann & Franz Brentano (1946). Briefe Franz Brentanos an Hugo Bergmann. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 7 (1):83-158.score: 180.0
  4. Michael Bergmann (2006). Justification Without Awareness: A Defense of Epistemic Externalism. Oxford University Press.score: 60.0
    Virtually all philosophers agree that for a belief to be epistemically justified, it must satisfy certain conditions. Perhaps it must be supported by evidence. Or perhaps it must be reliably formed. Or perhaps there are some other "good-making" features it must have. But does a belief's justification also require some sort of awareness of its good-making features? The answer to this question has been hotly contested in contemporary epistemology, creating a deep divide among its practitioners. Internalists, who tend to focus (...)
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  5. Michael Bergmann & Michael Rea (2005). In Defence of Sceptical Theism: A Reply to Almeida and Oppy. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 83 (2):241 – 251.score: 60.0
    Some evidential arguments from evil rely on an inference of the following sort: 'If, after thinking hard, we can't think of any God-justifying reason for permitting some horrific evil then it is likely that there is no such reason'. Sceptical theists, us included, say that this inference is not a good one and that evidential arguments from evil that depend on it are, as a result, unsound. Michael Almeida and Graham Oppy have argued (in a previous issue of this journal) (...)
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  6. Michael Bergmann & Patrick Kain (eds.) (2014). Challenges to Moral and Religious Belief: Disagreement and Evolution. Oxford University Press.score: 60.0
    Challenges to Moral and Religious Belief contains fourteen original essays by philosophers, theologians, and social scientists on challenges to moral and religious belief from disagreement and evolution. Three main questions are addressed: Can one reasonably maintain one's moral and religious beliefs in the face of interpersonal disagreement with intellectual peers? Does disagreement about morality between a religious belief source, such as a sacred text, and a non-religious belief source, such as a society's moral intuitions, make it irrational to continue trusting (...)
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  7. Michael Bergmann & Jeffrey E. Brower (2007). The God of Eth and the God of Earth. Think 5 (14):33-38.score: 60.0
    Stephen Law has recently argued (Think 9), using a dialogue set on the fictional planet Eth, that traditional belief in God is . Bergmann and Brower argue that theists on Earth should not be convinced.
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  8. Michael Bergmann (2001). Skeptical Theism and Rowe's New Evidential Argument From Evil. Noûs 35 (2):278–296.score: 30.0
    Skeptical theists endorse the skeptical thesis (which is consistent with the rejection of theism) that we have no good reason for thinking the possible goods we know of are representative of the possible goods there are. In his newest formulation of the evidential arguments from evil, William Rowe tries to avoid assuming the falsity of this skeptical thesis, presumably because it seems so plausible. I argue that his new argument fails to avoid doing this. Then I defend that skeptical thesis (...)
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  9. Michael Bergmann (2009). Rational Disagreement After Full Disclosure. Episteme 6 (3):336-353.score: 30.0
    The question I consider is this: The Question: Can two people – who are, and realize they are, intellectually virtuous to about the same degree – both be rational in continuing knowingly to disagree after full disclosure (by each to the other of all the relevant evidence they can think of) while at the same time thinking that the other may well be rational too? I distinguish two kinds of rationality – internal and external – and argue in section 1 (...)
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  10. Gustav Bergmann, Synthetic a Priori.score: 30.0
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  11. Daniel Howard-Snyder & Michael Bergmann (2003). Grounds for Belief in God Aside, Does Evil Make Atheism More Reasonable Than Theism? In Michael Peterson & Raymond Van Arrogan (eds.), Contemporary Debates in Philosophy of Religion. Blackwell. 140--55.score: 30.0
    Preprinted in God and the Problem of Evil(Blackwell 2001), ed. William Rowe. Many people deny that evil makes belief in atheism more reasonable for us than belief in theism. After all, they say, the grounds for belief in God are much better than the evidence for atheism, including the evidence provided by evil. We will not join their ranks on this occasion. Rather, we wish to consider the proposition that, setting aside grounds for belief in God and relying only on (...)
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  12. Michael Bergmann (2004). What's NOT Wrong with Foundationalism. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 68 (1):161–165.score: 30.0
    One thing all forms of foundationalism have in common is that they hold that a belief can be justified noninferentially--i.e., that its justification need not depend on its being inferred from some other justified (or unjustified) belief. In some recent publications, Peter Klein argues that in virtue of having this feature, all forms of foundationalism are infected with an unacceptable arbitrariness that makes it irrational to be a practicing foundationalist. In this paper, I will explain why his objections to foundationalism (...)
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  13. Michael Bergmann (2007). Is Klein an Infinitist About Doxastic Justification? Philosophical Studies 134 (1):19 - 24.score: 30.0
    This paper is a response to Peter Klein's “Human Knowledge and the Infinite Progress of Reasoning” (also in this issue of this journal). After briefly discussing what Klein says about the requirement, for doxastic justification, that a belief be formed in the right way, I'll make the following three points: Klein's solution to the regress problem isn't an infinitist solution, Klein's position on doxastic justification faces a troubling dilemma, and Klein's objection to foundationalism fails.
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  14. Daniel Howard-Snyder & Michael Bergmann (2003). Reply to Rowe. In Michael Peterson (ed.), Contemporary Debates in Philosophy of Religion. Blackwell.score: 30.0
    Preprinted in God and the Problem of Evil (Blackwell 2001), ed. William Rowe. In this article, we reply to Bill Rowe's "Evil is Evidence Against Theistic Belief" in Contemporary Debates in Philosophy of Religion (Blackwell 2003).
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  15. Michael Bergmann (1999). (Serious) Actualism and (Serious) Presentism. Noûs 33 (1):118-132.score: 30.0
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  16. Michael Bergmann (2004). Epistemic Circularity: Malignant and Benign. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 69 (3):709–727.score: 30.0
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  17. Michael Bergmann (1997). Internalism, Externalism and the No-Defeater Condition. Synthese 110 (3):399-417.score: 30.0
    Despite various attempts to rectify matters, the internalism-externalism (I-E) debate in epistemology remains mired in serious confusion. I present a new account of this debate, one which fits well with entrenched views on the I-E distinction and illuminates the fundamental disagreements at the heart of the debate. Roughly speaking, the I-E debate is over whether or not certain of the necessary conditions of positive epistemic status are internal. But what is the sense of internal here? And of which conditions of (...)
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  18. Michael Bergmann & J. A. Cover (2006). Divine Responsibility Without Divine Freedom. Faith and Philosophy 23 (4):381-408.score: 30.0
    Adherents of traditional western Theism have espoused CONJUNCTION: God is essentially perfectly good and God is thankworthy for the good acts he performs . But suppose that (i) God’s essential perfect goodness prevents his good acts from being free, and that (ii) God is not thankworthy for an act that wasn’t freely performed.
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  19. Gustav Bergmann (1955). Dispositional Properties and Dispositions. Philosophical Studies 6 (5):77-80.score: 30.0
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  20. Michael Bergmann (2005). Defeaters and Higher-Level Requirements. Philosophical Quarterly 55 (220):419–436.score: 30.0
    Internalists tend to impose on justification higher-level requirements, according to which a belief is justified only if the subject has a higher-level belief (i.e., a belief about the epistemic credentials of a belief). I offer an error theory that explains the appeal of this requirement: analytically, a belief is not justified if we have a defeater for it, but contingently, it is often the case that to avoid having defeaters, our beliefs must satisfy a higher-level requirement. I respond to the (...)
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  21. Michael Bergmann (2000). Externalism and Skepticism. Philosophical Review 109 (2):159-194.score: 30.0
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  22. Michael Bergmann (1996). A New Argument From Actualism to Serious Actualism. Noûs 30 (3):356-359.score: 30.0
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  23. Gustav Bergmann (1960). Duration and the Specious Present. Philosophy of Science 27 (January):39-47.score: 30.0
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  24. Michael Bergmann (2008). Reidian Externalism. In Vincent Hendricks (ed.), New Waves in Epistemology. Palgrave Macmillan.score: 30.0
    What distinguishes Reidian externalism from other versions of epistemic externalism about justification is its proper functionalism and its commonsensism, both of which are inspired by the 18th century Scottish philosopher Thomas Reid. Its proper functionalism is a particular analysis of justification; its commonsensism is a certain thesis about what we are noninferentially justified in believing.
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  25. Michael Bergmann (2000). Deontology and Defeat. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 60 (1):87-102.score: 30.0
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  26. Michael Bergmann (2006). Epistemic Circularity and Common Sense: A Reply to Reed. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 73 (1):198-207.score: 30.0
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  27. Gustav Bergmann (1967). Logical Positivism, Language, and the Reconstruction of Metaphysics. In The Metaphysics of Logical Positivism. University of Wisconsin Press. 29-.score: 30.0
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  28. Gustav Bergmann (1957). The Revolt Against Logical Atomism--I. Philosophical Quarterly 7 (29):323-339.score: 30.0
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  29. Merrie Bergmann (2008). An Introduction to Many-Valued and Fuzzy Logic: Semantics, Algebras, and Derivation Systems. Cambridge University Press.score: 30.0
    This volume is an accessible introduction to the subject of many-valued and fuzzy logic suitable for use in relevant advanced undergraduate and graduate courses. The text opens with a discussion of the philosophical issues that give rise to fuzzy logic – problems arising from vague language – and returns to those issues as logical systems are presented. For historical and pedagogical reasons, three-valued logical systems are presented as useful intermediate systems for studying the principles and theory behind fuzzy logic.
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  30. Michael Bergmann (2006). BonJour's Dilemma. [REVIEW] Philosophical Studies 131 (3):679 - 693.score: 30.0
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  31. Gustav Bergmann (1944). Holism, Historicism, and Emergence. Philosophy of Science 11 (March):209-21.score: 30.0
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  32. Peter Gabriel Bergmann (1942). Introduction to the Theory of Relativity. New York, Prentice-Hall, Inc..score: 30.0
    Comprehensive coverage of the special theory (frames of reference, Lorentz transformation, relativistic mechanics of mass points, more), the general theory ...
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  33. Frithjof Bergmann (1973). The Experience of Values. Inquiry 16 (1-4):247 – 279.score: 30.0
    The first part of this paper argues that the various contending positions in the contemporary Theory of Value share one tacit presupposition, namely that the world of facts is value?neutral. Some of the sources of this premise are identified and a critique attempts to show that it cannot be defended. The second part delineates the general implications that the abandonment of this premise would have for the Theory of Value and outlines an alternative position.
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  34. Gustav Bergmann (1958). The Revolt Against Logical Atomism--II. Philosophical Quarterly 8 (30):1-13.score: 30.0
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  35. Michael Bergmann (2004). Externalist Justification Without Reliability. Philosophical Issues 14 (1):35–60.score: 30.0
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  36. Gustav Bergmann (1955). Professor Quine on Analyticity. Mind 64 (254):254-258.score: 30.0
  37. Gustav Bergmann (1978). The Metaphysics of Logical Positivism. Greenwood Press.score: 30.0
  38. Gustav Bergmann (1960). Ineffability, Ontology, and Method. Philosophical Review 69 (1):18-40.score: 30.0
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  39. Gustav Bergmann (1953). The Identity of Indiscernibles and the Formalist Definition of "Identity". Mind 62 (245):75-79.score: 30.0
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  40. Gustav Bergmann (1945). A Positivistic Metaphysics of Consciousness. Mind 54 (July):193-226.score: 30.0
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  41. Gustav Bergmann (1949). Professor Ayer's Analysis of Knowing. Analysis 9 (June):98-106.score: 30.0
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  42. Gustav Bergmann (1951). Logical Atomism, Elementarism, and the Analysis of Value. Philosophical Studies 2 (6):85 - 92.score: 30.0
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  43. Gustav Bergmann (1951). Ideology. Ethics 61 (3):205-218.score: 30.0
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  44. Gustav Bergmann (1940). On Some Methodological Problems of Psychology. Philosophy of Science 7 (April):205-219.score: 30.0
  45. Gustav Bergmann (1960). The Philosophical Significance Modal Logic. Mind 69 (276):466-485.score: 30.0
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  46. Gustav Bergmann (1981). Notes on Ontology. Noûs 15 (2):131-154.score: 30.0
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  47. Gustav Bergmann (1947). Russell on Particulars. Philosophical Review 56 (1):59-72.score: 30.0
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  48. Merrie Bergmann (1982). Metaphorical Assertions. Philosophical Review 91 (2):229-245.score: 30.0
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  49. Merrie Bergmann (2010). Conjunction-Based Sorites: A Misguided Objection to Degree-Theoretic (Fuzzy) Solutions to Sorites Paradoxes. [REVIEW] Journal of Philosophical Logic 39 (1):1 - 4.score: 30.0
    In 1987, Crispin Wright argued that degree-theoretic (fuzzy) solutions to the Sorites paradox fail because the solutions do not work when the paradox is restated using a conjunctive major premise. I show that Wright is incorrect: degree-theoretic solutions also work when the paradox is stated with a conjunctive major premise.
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  50. Gustav Bergmann (1964). Ontological Alternatives. In Ontological Alternatives. University of Wisconsin Press. 124-157.score: 30.0
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