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  1. Anne Bezuidenhout, Context Shifting.
    Tenses as operators on content: ‘PAST’ and ‘FUT’ are circumstance shifters, similar What I hope to do in this talk: to ‘ ’ and ‘◊’, except that they shift the time of the circumstance, as opposed to the My intention is not to prove Kaplan wrong. Even if Kaplan’s remarks about context shifting operators in English turn out to be strictly correct, there is clearly a lot of world of the circumstance.
     
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  2. Anne Bezuidenhout, Centering Theory and the Processing of Parentheticals.
    Centering Theory (CT) as articulated by Grosz et al. (1995) is a theory intended to model some of the factors that influence local coherence in a discourse. The idea is that at any one time there are a number of entities that are at the center of attention. Each utterance n that makes up a discourse potentially has two sorts of discourse ‘centers’, an ordered set of forward-looking centers, Cf(uttn), that provide potential links to upcoming utterances, and a single backward-looking (...)
     
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  3. Anne Bezuidenhout, Entry Title: Semantics/Pragmatics Boundary.
    The Gricean distinction between saying and implicating suggests a clear division of labour between semantics and pragmatics. The standard view that a semantic theory delivers truth-conditions for every well-formed sentence of a language has been grafted onto a Gricean view of the semantics-pragmatics divide. Consequently, many believe that truth-conditions can be specified in a way that is essentially free from pragmatic considerations. This view has been challenged, by those who argue for pragmatic intrusion into truth-conditional content. Others have argued in (...)
     
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  4. Anne Bezuidenhout, Of South Carolina.
    Malapropisms and slips of tongue represent ways in which expression meaning can come apart from speaker meaning. Another way is when a speaker engages in some form of implicit communication, conveying a meaning other than the meaning of the words or sentences she utters. Such implicit meaning can be intended either in addition to or instead of the explicit meaning. Some regard utterance meaning as a species of speaker meaning; others regard it as a distinct level of meaning. According to (...)
     
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  5. Anne Bezuidenhout, The Coherence of Contextualism: A Reply to Cappelen & Lepore.
    Cappelen and Lepore (2005) begin their critique of contextualism with an anecdote about an exercise they do with their undergraduate students (who I take it are meant to be naïve subjects whose linguistic intuitions have not been contaminated by mistaken philosophical theories). The test is to ask students to categorize types of expressions. Students quickly get the hang of the idea that referring expressions (like indexicals and pronouns) belong to a single category. They’re then asked whether they think that common (...)
     
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  6. Anne Bezuidenhout (forthcoming). Demonstrative Modes of Presentation. Communication and Cognition.
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  7. Anne Bezuidenhout (forthcoming). Presupposition Failure and the Assertive Enterprise. Topoi:1-13.
    I outline a discourse-based account of presuppositions that relies on insights from the writings of Peter Strawson, as well as on insights from more recent work by Robert Stalnaker and Barbara Abbott. One of the key elements of my account is the idea that presuppositions are “assertorically inert”, in the sense that they are background propositions, rather than being part of the “at issue” or asserted content. Strawson is often assumed to have defended the view that the falsity of a (...)
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  8. Anne Bezuidenhout (2015). The Implicit Dimension of Meaning: Ways of “Filling In” and “Filling Out” Content. Erkenntnis 80 (1):89-109.
    I distinguish between the classical Gricean approach to conversational implicatures , which I call the action-theoretic approach, and the approach to CIs taken in contemporary cognitive science. Once we free ourselves from the AT account, and see implicating as a form of what I call “conversational tailoring”, we can more easily see the many different ways that CIs arise in conversation. I will show that they arise not only on the basis of a speaker’s utterance of complete sentences but also (...)
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  9. Anne Bezuidenhout (2010). —4—Anne Bezuidenhout Contextualism and Information Structure: Towards a Science of Pragmatics. In Erich Rast & Luiz Carlos Baptista (eds.), Meaning and Context. Peter Lang. 2--79.
  10. Anne Bezuidenhout (2009). Contextualism and the Role of Contextual Frames. Manuscrito 32 (1):59-84.
    Some part of the debate between minimalists and contextualists can be construed as merely terminological and can be resolved by agreeing to a certain division of labor. Minimalist claims are to be understood as claims about what is needed for adequate formal compositional semantic models of language understood in abstraction from real conversational contexts. Contextualist claims are ones about how language users produce and understand utterances by manipulating features of the psychological and discourse contexts of the conversational participants in real (...)
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  11. Anne Bezuidenhout (2008). Minimal Semantics - by Emma Borg. Philosophical Books 49 (1):59-63.
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  12. Anne Bezuidenhout (2007). Metaphorical Singular Reference. The Role of Enriched Composition in Reference Resolution. The Baltic International Yearbook of Cognition, Logic and Communication 3 (1).
    It is widely accepted that, in the course of interpreting a metaphorical utterance, both literal and metaphorical interpretations of the utterance are available to the interpreter, although there may be disagreement about the order in which these interpretations are accessed. I call this the dual availability assumption. I argue that it does not apply in cases of metaphorical singular reference. These are cases in which proper names, complex demonstratives or definite descriptions are used metaphorically; e.g., ‘That festering sore must go’, (...)
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  13. Anne Bezuidenhout (2006). The Coherence of Contextualism. Mind and Language 21 (1):1–10.
    Cappelen and Lepore (2005) begin their critique of contextualism with an anecdote about an exercise they do with their undergraduate students (who I take it are meant to be naïve subjects whose linguistic intuitions have not been contaminated by mistaken philosophical theories). The test is to ask students to categorize types of expressions. Students quickly get the hang of the idea that referring expressions (like indexicals and pronouns) belong to a single category. They’re then asked whether they think that common (...)
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  14. Anne Bezuidenhout (2006). Vp-Ellipsis And The Case For Representationalism In Semantics. ProtoSociology: An International Journal of Interdisciplinary Research 22.
    The debate between representationalists and anti-representationalists as I construe it in this chapter is a debate about whether truth-conditions are or should be assigned directly to natural language sentences (NLSs) – the anti-representationalist view – or whether they are or should be assigned instead to mental representations (MRs) that are related in some appropriate way to these NLSs. On the representationalist view, these MRs are related to NLSs in virtue of the fact that the MRs are the output of an (...)
     
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  15. Anne L. Bezuidenhout (2006). Language as Internal. In Barry C. Smith (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Language. Oxford University Press. 127--139.
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  16. Anne Bezuidenhout, Steven Gross, Francois Recanati, Zoltan Gendler Szabo, Charles Travis, Herman Cappelen & Ernest Lepore (2006). Multiple Review of Insensitive Semantics. Authors' Reply. Mind and Language 21 (1):1-73.
     
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  17. Anne Bezuidenhout (2005). Indexicals and Perspectivals. Facta Philosophica 7 (1):3-18.
    (1) Jenny is coming to visit me tonight. (2) I’m going to visit Jenny tonight. In these examples, it is where I am (my home, let us suppose) that is the center of the coming and going. This may suggest that the perspective point is always the perspective of the speaker, and that comings are always towards the speaker and that goings are away from the location of the speaker. But this isn’t necessarily so. For example, suppose that a colleague (...)
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  18. Anne Bezuidenhout (2004). Procedural Meaning and the Semantics/Pragmatics Interface. In Claudia Bianchi (ed.), The Semantics/Pragmatics Distinction. Csli. 101--131.
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  19. Anne Bezuidenhout & Marga Reimer (eds.) (2004). Descriptions and Beyond. Oxford University Press.
    In 1905, Bertrand Russell published 'On Denoting' in which he proposed and defended a quantificational account of definite descriptions. Forty-five years later, in 'On Referring', Peter Strawson claimed that Russell was mistaken: definite descriptions do not function as quantifiers but (paradigmatically) as referring expressions. Ever since, scores of theorists have attempted to adjudicate this debate. Others have gone beyond the question of the proper analysis of definite descriptions, focusing instead on the complex relations between definites, indefinites, and pronouns. These relations (...)
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  20. Marga Reimer & Anne Bezuidenhout (eds.) (2004). Descriptions and Beyond. Oxford University Press.
    In 1905, Bertrand Russell published 'On Denoting' in which he proposed and defended a quantificational account of definite descriptions. Forty-five years later, in 'On Referring', Peter Strawson claimed that Russell was mistaken: definite descriptions do not function as quantifiers but (paradigmatically) as referring expressions. Ever since, scores of theorists have attempted to adjudicate this debate. Others have gone beyond the question of the proper analysis of definite descriptions, focusing instead on the complex relations between definites, indefinites, and pronouns. These relations (...)
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  21. Kent Bach & Anne Bezuidenhout (2002). Distinguishing Semantics and Pragmatics. In Joseph K. Campbell, Michael O'Rourke & David Shier (eds.), Meaning and Truth - Investigations in Philosophical Semantics. Seven Bridges Press. 284--310.
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  22. Anne Bezuidenhout (2002). Truth-Conditional Pragmatics. Noûs 36 (s16):105 - 134.
    Introduction The mainstream view in philosophy of language is that sentence meaning determines truth-conditions. A corollary is that the truth or falsity of an utterance depends only on what words mean and how the world is arranged. Although several prominent philosophers (Searle, Travis, Recanati, Moravcsik) have challenged this view, it has proven hard to dislodge. The alternative view holds that meaning underdetermines truth-conditions. What is expressed by the utterance of a sentence in a context goes beyond what is encoded in (...)
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  23. Anne Bezuidenhout (2002). Generalized Conversational Implicatures and Default Pragmatic Inferences. In Joseph K. Campbell, Michael O'Rourke & David Shier (eds.), Meaning and Truth - Investigations in Philosophical Semantics. Seven Bridges Press. 257--283.
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  24. Anne Bezuidenhout (2002). Philosophical Perspectives 16.
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  25. Anne Bezuidenhout (2001). Metaphor and What is Said: A Defense of a Direct Expression View of Metaphor. Midwest Studies in Philosophy 25 (1):156–186.
    According to one widely held view of metaphor, metaphors are cases in which the speaker (literally) says one thing but means something else instead. I wish to challenge this idea. I will argue that when one utters a sentence in some context intending it to be understood metaphorically, one directly expresses a proposition, which can potentially be evaluated as either true or false. This proposition is what is said by the utterance of the sentence in that context. We don’t convey (...)
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  26. Anne Bezuidenhout (1998). Is Verbal Communication a Purely Preservative Process? Philosophical Review 107 (2):261-288.
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  27. Anne Bezuidenhout & Mary Sue Sroda (1998). Children's Use of Contextual Cues to Resolve Referential Ambiguity: An Application of Relevance Theory. Pragmatics and Cognition 6 (1):265-299.
    Researchers interested in children's understanding of mind have claimed that the ability to ascribe beliefs and intentions is a late development, occurring well after children have learned to speak and comprehend the speech of others. On the other hand, there are convincing arguments to show that verbal communication requires the ability to attribute beliefs and intentions. Hence if one accepts the findings from research into children's understanding of mind, one should predict that young children will have severe difficulties in verbal (...)
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  28. Anne Bezuidenhout (1997). „How Context-Dependent Are Attitude Ascriptions?‟ In: D. Jutronic. In Dunja Jutronic (ed.), The Maribor Papers in Naturalized Semantics. Maribor.
     
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  29. Anne L. Bezuidenhout (1997). The Communication of de Re Thoughts. Noûs 31 (2):197-225.
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  30. Anne Bezuidenhout (1996). Pragmatics and Singular Reference. Mind and Language 11 (2):133-159.
  31. Anne Bezuidenhout (1996). The Truth-Conditional Relevance of De Re Modes of Presentation: A Reply to Grimberg. Mind and Language 11 (4):427-432.
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  32. Anne Bezuidenhout (1996). Cohen, L. Jonathan. An Essay on Belief and Acceptance. Review of Metaphysics 50 (2):392-395.
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  33. Anne Bezuidenhout (1996). Contemporary Materialism. Teaching Philosophy 19 (4):421-424.
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  34. Anne Bezuidenhout (1996). Modern Philosophy of Mind. Teaching Philosophy 19 (2):209-212.
  35. Anne Bezuidenhout (1996). Resisting the Step Toward Naturalism. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 56 (4):743-770.
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  36. Anne L. Bezuidenhout (ed.) (1993). Holism: A Consumer Update. Amsterdam: Rodopi.
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  37. Anne L. Bezuidenhout (1993). The Impossibility of Punctate Mental Representations. In Grazer Philosophische Studien. Amsterdam: Rodopi. 197-212.
    In Holism: A Shopper's Guide Fodor and LePore contend that there could be punctate minds; minds capable of being in only a single type of representational state. The Kantian idea that the construction of perceptual representations requires the synthesizing activity of the mind is invoked to argue against the possibility of punctate minds. Fodor's commitment to an inferential theory of perception is shown to share crucial assumptions with the Kantian view and hence to lead to the same conclusion. The argument (...)
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