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Profile: Anthony Beavers (University of Evansville)
  1. Anthony F. Beavers, Noesis: Philosophical Research Online: An Experiment in Progress.
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  2. Anthony F. Beavers, Alan Turing: Mathematical Mechanist.
    I live just off of Bell Road outside of Newburgh, Indiana, a small town of 3,000 people. A mile down the street Bell Road intersects with Telephone Road not as a modern reminder of a technology belonging to bygone days, but as testimony that this technology, now more than a century and a quarter old, is still with us. In an age that prides itself on its digital devices and in which the computer now equals the telephone as a medium (...)
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  3. Anthony F. Beavers, Could and Should the Ought Disappear From Ethics?
    In his 1961 monograph, Totality and Infinity: An Essay on Exteriority , the late phenomenologist, Emmanuel Levinas, noted that “everyone will readily agree that it is of the highest importance to know whether we are not duped by morality” (1961/1969, p. 21). What follows thereafter is an extensive attempt to ground a quasi-Kantian existential ethics based on interpersonal, face to face, relations (Beavers 2001). That philosophy should invite such an attempt already signifies that we might be in trouble where ethics (...)
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  4. Anthony F. Beavers, Ethical Differentiation in Levinas, Kierkegaard and Kant.
    The goal of this paper is to locate the precise moment in which reason becomes endowed with an ought. In stating the goal in this way, something has already been said about Kant and his project of grounding the metaphysics of morals. But in speaking of a moment (or an instant or an event or an occasion) in which reason becomes endowed with an ought, that is, a moment in which pure reason becomes practical, we have already headed off in (...)
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  5. Anthony F. Beavers, Evaluating Search Engine Models for Scholarly Purposes.
    The Internet allows for the efficient dissemination of texts, thereby creating a rich hypertextual environment that is potentially conducive to stimulating the free exchange of ideas in a manner worthy of the modern scholar. However, the fact that any user whatsoever may disseminate texts in this manner presents two distinct problems. First, finding relevant resources on the Internet may take a fair amount of time and, second, once resources are found, determining their reliability is often difficult if the user is (...)
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  6. Anthony F. Beavers, In the Beginning Was the Word and Then Four Revolutions in the History of Information.
    In the beginning was the word, or grunt, or groan, or signal of some sort. This, however, hardly qualifies as an information revolution, at least in any standard technological sense. Nature is replete with meaningful signs, and we must imagine that our early ancestors noticed natural patterns that helped to determine when to sow and when to reap, which animal tracks to follow, what to eat, and so forth. Spoken words at first must have been meaningful in some similar sense. (...)
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  7. Anthony F. Beavers, Luciano Floridi, Philosophy and Computing: An Introduction, Routledge, 1999.
    Luciano Floridi’s Philosophy and Computing: An Introduction is a survey of some important ideas that ground the newly emerging area of philosophy known, thanks to Floridi, as the philosophy of information. It was written as a textbook for philosophy students interested in the digital age, but is probably more useful for postgraduates who want to investigate intersections between philosophy and computer science, information theory and ICT (information and communications technology). The book is divided into five independent chapters followed by a (...)
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  8. Anthony F. Beavers, Mechanists of the Revolution: The Case of Edison and Bell.
    The “information age” is often thought in terms of the digital revolution that begins with Turing’s 1937 paper, “On computable numbers, with an application to the Entscheidungsproblem.” However, this can only be partially correct. There are two aspects to Turing’s work: one dealing with questions of computation that leads to computer science and another concerned with building computing machines that leads to computer engineering. Here, we emphasize the latter because it shows us a Turing connected with mechanisms of information flow (...)
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  9. Anthony F. Beavers, "What Can A Robot Teach Us About Kantian Ethics?," in Process.
    In this paper, I examine a variety of agents that appear in Kantian ethics in order to determine which would be necessary to make a robot a genuine moral agent. However, building such an agent would require that we structure into a robot’s behavioral repertoire the possibility for immoral behavior, for only then can the moral law, according to Kant, manifest itself as an ought, a prerequisite for being able to hold an agent morally accountable for its actions. Since building (...)
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  10. Anthony F. Beavers, Between Angels and Animals: The Question of Robot Ethics, or is Kantian Moral Agency Desirable?
    In this paper, I examine a variety of agents that appear in Kantian ethics in order to determine which would be necessary to make a robot a genuine moral agent. However, building such an agent would require that we structure into a robot’s behavioral repertoire the possibility for immoral behavior, for only then can the moral law, according to Kant, manifest itself as an ought, a prerequisite for being able to hold an agent morally accountable for its actions. Since (...)
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  11. Anthony F. Beavers, Cartesian Mechanisms and Transcendental Philosophy.
    If we follow a traditional reading of Descartes and throw in some of our favorite German philosophers (Kant, Husserl and Heidegger, for instance) we can isolate a doctrinal current that says that the pure intellect has no immediate access to the extra-mental world. This reduction of experience to reason forces the question of the external world’s existence, leading to Heidegger’s assertion that the scandal of philosophy was not that it had yet to furnish a proof for the external world’s existence, (...)
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  12. Anthony F. Beavers, Kantian and Non-Kantian “Agents”.
    We can discern three types of amoral beings in Kant’s ethical philosophy (B1 - B3 below), one kind of moral being (B4), the true moral agent, and one kind of immoral being (B5), for five kinds in all: B1) beings that are driven solely by inclination, such as animals. B2) beings that act solely out of reason and, therefore, duty, such as divine intellects.
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  13. Anthony F. Beavers, Typicality Effects and Resilience in Evolving Dynamic Associative Networks.
    This paper is part of a larger project to determine how to build agent-based cognitive models capable of initial associative intelligence. Our method here is to take McClelland’s 1981 “Jets and Sharks” dataset and rebuild it using a nonlinear dynamic system with an eye toward determining which parameters are necessary to govern the interactivity of agents in a multi-agent cognitive system. A few number of parameters are suggested concerning diffusion and infusion values, which are basically elementary forms of information entropy, (...)
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  14. Anthony F. Beavers (forthcoming). Moral Machines and the Threat of Ethical Nihilism. In Patrick Lin, George Bekey & Keith Abney (eds.), Robot Ethics: The Ethical and Social Implication of Robotics.
    In his famous 1950 paper where he presents what became the benchmark for success in artificial intelligence, Turing notes that "at the end of the century the use of words and general educated opinion will have altered so much that one will be able to speak of machines thinking without expecting to be contradicted" (Turing 1950, 442). Kurzweil (1990) suggests that Turing's prediction was correct, even if no machine has yet to pass the Turing Test. In the wake of the (...)
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  15. Anthony F. Beavers & Derek Jones (2014). Philosophy in the Age of Information: A Symposium on Luciano Floridi's The Philosophy of Information. [REVIEW] Minds and Machines 24 (1):1-3.
  16. Anthony F. Beavers (2013). Floridi historizado: la cuestión del método, el estado de la profesión y la oportunidad de la filosofía de la información de Luciano Floridi. Escritos 21 (46):39-68.
    El artículo plantea la actualidad y pertinencia de la Filosofía de la información de Luciano Floridi, considerada a la luz de las revoluciones científicas de Occidente y de la instauración de nuevos paradigmas, tanto en las ciencias como en la filosofía. La analogía con el “giro matemático” de la Modernidad permite establecer el alcance revolucionario de la obra de Floridi, cuya aceptación implicará superar el obstáculo epistemológico del escolasticismo, en función del dinamismo histórico inherente al progreso científico.
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  17. Anthony F. Beavers (2013). Historicizing Floridi: The Question About Method, the State of the Profession, and the Timeliness of Floridi's Philosophy of Information. Escritos 21 (46):39-68.
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  18. Anthony F. Beavers (2012). Cognitive Science: An Introduction to the Science of the Mind. Philosophical Psychology 26 (4):625-628.
  19. Anthony F. Beavers (2011). Historicizing Floridi. Etica and Politica / Ethics and Politics (2):255-275.
  20. Anthony F. Beavers (2011). Noesis and the Encyclopedic Internet Vision. Synthese 182 (2):315 - 333.
    Noesis is an Internet search engine dedicated to mapping the profession of philosophy online. In this paper, I recount the history of the project's development since 1998 and discuss the role it may play in representing philosophy optimally, adequately, fairly, and accessibly. Unlike many other representations of philosophy, Noesis is dynamic in the sense that it constantly changes and inclusive in the sense that it lets the profession speak for itself about what philosophy is, how it is practiced, and why (...)
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  21. Anthony F. Beavers (2011). Recent Developments in Computing and Philosophy. Journal for General Philosophy of Science 42 (2):385-397.
    Because the label "computing and philosophy" can seem like an ad hoc attempt to tie computing to philosophy, it is important to explain why it is not, what it studies (or does) and how it differs from research in, say, "computing and history," or "computing and biology". The American Association for History and Computing is "dedicated to the reasonable and productive marriage of history and computer technology for teaching, researching and representing history through scholarship and public history" (http://theaahc.org). More pervasive, (...)
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  22. Anthony F. Beavers (2010). Wendell Wallach and Colin Allen: Moral Machines: Teaching Robots Right From Wrong. [REVIEW] Ethics and Information Technology 12 (4):357-358.
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  23. Anthony F. Beavers (2009). The Phenomenological Mind: An Introduction to Philosophy of Mind and Cognitive Science. Philosophical Psychology 22 (4):533-537.
    The Phenomenological Mind, by Shaun Gallagher and Dan Zahavi, is part of a recent initiative to show that phenomenology, classically conceived as the tradition inaugurated by Edmund Husserl and not as mere introspection, contributes something important to cognitive science. (For other examples, see “References” below.) Phenomenology, of course, has been a part of cognitive science for a long time. It implicitly informs the works of Andy Clark (e.g. 1997) and John Haugeland (e.g. 1998), and Hubert Dreyfus explicitly uses it (e.g. (...)
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  24. Anthony F. Beavers (2005). Searching for Philosophy. Teaching Philosophy 28 (4):367-371.
    Though the Internet has been around since the 1960s, the World Wide Web is now only ten years old. In that time, it has seen unprecedented growth. This review examines two tools that are part of this revolution, Google Scholar and Google News, and assesses their utility for teaching philosophy. While Google Scholar might at this time have limited classroom use, Google News is immediately useful for a variety of philosophy courses. This is due, in part, to the rich customization (...)
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  25. Anthony F. Beavers (2002). Phenomenology and Artificial Intelligence. Metaphilosophy 33 (1-2):70-82.
    In CyberPhilosophy: The Intersection of Philosophy and Computing, edited by James H. Moor and Terrell Ward Bynum (Oxford, UK: Blackwell, 2002), 66-77. Also in Metaphilosophy 33.1/2 (2002): 70-82.
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  26. Anthony F. Beavers (2001). Luciano Floridi, Philosophy and Computing: An Introduction. [REVIEW] Ethics and Information Technology 3 (4):299-301.
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  27. Anthony F. Beavers (2000). Kant and the Problem of Ethical Metaphysics. Philosophy in the Contemporary World 7 (2-3):11-20.
    The ethical philosophies of Kant and Levinas would seem, on the surface, to be incompatible. In this essay. I attempt to reconcile them by situating Levinas’s philosophy “beneath” Kant’s as its existential condition thereby addressing two shortcomings in each of their works, for Kant. the apparent difficulty of making ethics apply to real concrete cases, and, for Levinas, the apparent difficulty of establishing a normative ethics that can offer prescriptions for moral behavior. My general thesis is that the existential ethical (...)
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  28. Anthony F. Beavers (1997). Schrag, Calvin O. Philosophical Papers: Betwixt and Between. Review of Metaphysics 50 (3):691-693.
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  29. Anthony F. Beavers (1989). Desire and Love in Descartes's Late Philosophy. History of Philosophy Quarterly 6 (3):279 - 294.
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  30. Anthony F. Beavers (1988). Motion, Mobility, and Method in Aristotle's "Physics": Comments on "Physics" 2.1.192b20-24. Review of Metaphysics 42 (2):357 - 374.
  31. Anthony F. Beavers (1988). Motion, Mobility, and Method in Aristotle's Physics. Review of Metaphysics 42 (2):357-374.
  32. Anthony F. Beavers & Lee C. Rice (1988). Doubt and Belief in the" Tractatus de Intellectus Emendatione". Studia Spinozana: An International and Interdisciplinary Series 4:93-120.
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