Search results for 'Anthropomorphism' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Kathleen V. Wilkes (1975). Anthropomorphism and Analogy in Psychology. Philosophical Quarterly 25 (April):126-137.
    This article defends psychology and psychoanalysis against the accusation that their use of anthropomorphism in descriptions of brain and mind reintroduces the 'little man in the brain' and generates a viciously circular analysis. It queries the clarity of the concept 'anthropomorphic', And argues that many predicates which are allegedly 'characteristically human' are freely and literally attributable to machines, Parts of the brain, Etc.; this merely points out the unsurprising fact that non-Humans often perform tasks which humans can also perform. (...)
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  2.  39
    James A. Serpell (2002). Anthropomorphism and Anthropomorphic Selection—Beyond the "Cute Response". Society and Animals 10 (4):437-454.
    This article explores the origin and evolutionary implications of anthropomorphism in the context of our relationships with animal companions. On the human side, anthropomorphic thinking enables animal companions' social behavior to be construed in human terms, thereby allowing these nonhuman animals to function for their human owners or guardians as providers of nonhuman social support. Absence of social support is known to be detrimental to human health and well being. Therefore, anthropomorphism and its corollary, pet keeping, have obvious (...)
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  3.  38
    Fredrik Karlsson (2012). Critical Anthropomorphism and Animal Ethics. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 25 (5):707-720.
    Anthropomorphism has long been considered a cardinal error when describing animals. Ethicists have feared the consequences of misrepresenting animals in their reasoning. Recent research within human- animal studies, however, has sophisticated the notion of anthropomorphism. It is suggested that avoiding anthropomorphism merely creates other morphisms, such as mechanomorphism. Instead of avoiding anthropomorphism, it is argued that it is a communicative strategy that should be used critically. Instances of anthropomorphism in animal ethics are analyzed in this (...)
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  4.  5
    Timothy A. Pychyl & Nikolina M. Duvall Antonacopoulos (2010). The Possible Role of Companion-Animal Anthropomorphism and Social Support in the Physical and Psychological Health of Dog Guardians. Society and Animals 18 (4):379-395.
    While previous research suggests that individuals who humanize their companion animals may have insufficient human social support , researchers have not examined the relation between companion-animal anthropomorphism and the health of animal guardians while taking into consideration their human social support levels. It was hypothesized that dog guardians with low levels of human social support would have poorer health if they engaged in high rather than low levels of anthropomorphism, while the health of dog guardians with high levels (...)
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  5.  35
    Kristin Andrews & Brian Huss (2014). Anthropomorphism, Anthropectomy, and the Null Hypothesis. Biology and Philosophy 29 (5):711-729.
    We examine the claim that the methodology of psychology leads to a bias in animal cognition research against attributing “anthropomorphic” properties to animals . This charge is examined in light of a debate on the role of folk psychology between primatologists who emphasize similarities between humans and other apes, and those who emphasize differences. We argue that while in practice there is sometimes bias, either in the formulation of the null hypothesis or in the preference of Type-II errors over Type-I (...)
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  6.  17
    Kathleen C. Gerbasi, Laura L. Scaletta, C. Nuka Plante & Penny L. Bernstein (2011). Why so FURious? Rebuttal of Dr. Fiona Probyn-Rapsey's Response to Gerbasi Et Al.'S Furries From A to Z (Anthropomorphism to Zoomorphism)”. Society and Animals 19 (3):302-304.
    This is a rebuttal to Fiona Probyn-Rapsey’s criticisms of the original furry research conducted in 2006 and published in 2008. Her focus on gender identity disorder misses the main point of the study, which was that it was the first empirical study to collect data scientifically and report findings on the furry fandom, an often misrepresented subculture.
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  7.  42
    Sarah Stebbins (1993). Anthropomorphism. Philosophical Studies 69 (2-3):113-122.
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  8.  30
    David R. Hilbert (1993). Comments on Anthropomorphism. Philosophical Studies 69 (2-3):123-127.
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  9.  2
    Marco Buzzoni (2015). The Agency Theory of Causality, Anthropomorphism, and Simultaneity. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 28 (4):375-395.
    The purpose of this article is to examine two important issues concerning the agency theory of causality: the charge of anthropomorphism and the relation of simultaneous causation. After a brief outline of the agency theory, sections 2–4 contain the refutation of the three main forms in which the charge of anthropomorphism is to be found in the literature. It will appear that it is necessary to distinguish between the subjective and the objective aspect of the concept of causation. (...)
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  10.  19
    Elliott Sober (2012). Anthropomorphism, Parsimony, and Common Ancestry. Mind and Language 27 (3):229-238.
    I consider three theses that are friendly to anthropomorphism. Each makes a claim about what can be inferred about the mental life of chimpanzees from the fact that humans and chimpanzees both have behavioral trait B and humans produce this behavior by having mental trait M. The first thesis asserts that this fact makes it probable that chimpanzees have M. The second says that this fact provides strong evidence that chimpanzees have M. The third claims that the fact is (...)
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  11.  3
    P. De Jesus (2016). Sweeping Anthropomorphism Under the MAT. Constructivist Foundations 11 (2):216-218.
    Open peer commentary on the article “Lived Experience and Cognitive Science Reappraising Enactivism’s Jonasian Turn” by Mario Villalobos & Dave Ward. Upshot: Villalobos and Ward reappraise enactivism’s “Jonasian turn” and discover an untenable anthropomorphism at its core. As a corrective to this, the authors propose a Maturanian-inspired account of experience that could accommodate central enactive insights while avoiding anthropomorphism. In this commentary, I will delve a bit deeper into Villalobos and Ward’s treatment of anthropomorphism. In so doing, (...)
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  12.  3
    P. Gaitsch (2016). Modern Anthropomorphism and Phenomenological Method. Constructivist Foundations 11 (2):220-221.
    Open peer commentary on the article “Lived Experience and Cognitive Science Reappraising Enactivism’s Jonasian Turn” by Mario Villalobos & Dave Ward. Upshot: As a reply to the criticism that anthropomorphism and modern science are incompatible, targeting Jonasian phenomenology and Varelian enactivism, I suggest considering the concept of modern anthropomorphism, which seems prima facie compatible with the pluralistic situation of today’s life sciences. My further claim is that the phenomenological method is intrinsically linked with this sort of anthropomorphism.
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  13.  41
    Brian L. Keeley (2004). Anthropomorphism, Primatomorphism, Mammalomorphism: Understanding Cross-Species Comparisons. Biology and Philosophy 19 (4):521-540.
    The charge that anthropomorphizing nonhuman animals is a fallacy is itself largely misguided and mythic. Anthropomorphism in the study of animal behavior is placed in its original, theological context. Having set the historical stage, I then discuss its relationship to a number of other, related issues: the role of anecdotal evidence, the taxonomy of related anthropomorphic claims, its relationship to the attribution of psychological states in general, and the nature of the charge of anthropomorphism as a categorical claim. (...)
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  14.  31
    R. Mitchell, Nicholas S. Thompson & H. L. Miles (eds.) (1997). Anthropomorphism, Anecdotes, and Animals. SUNY Press.
    This is the first book to evaluate the significance and usefulness of the practices of anthropomorphism and anecdotalism for understanding animals.
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  15. Stewart E. Guthrie (1997). Anthropomorphism: A Definition and a Theory. In R. Mitchell, Nicholas S. Thompson & H. L. Miles (eds.), Anthropomorphism, Anecdotes, and Animals. Suny Press 50--58.
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  16.  67
    Joseph Agassi, Anthropomorphism in Science.
    ANTHROPOMORPHISM is an inveterate tendency to project human qualities into natural phenomena—consciously or not. The standard and most important variant of anthropomorphism is animism which sees a soul in everything in nature. Before entering into the role of anthropomorphism in the history of science, let us consider a few important and usually neglected logical aspects of the idea.
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  17. Colin Allen, Conditioned Anti-Anthropomorphism.
    How should scientists react to anthropomorphism (defined for the purposes of this paper as the attribution of mental states or properties to nonhuman animals)? Many thoughtful scientists have attempted to accommodate some measure of anthropomorphism in their approaches to animal behavior. But Wynne will have none of it. We reject his argument against anthropomorphism and argue that he does not pay sufficient attention to the historical facts or to the details of alternative approaches.
     
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  18. Bernard E. Rollin (1997). Anecdote, Anthropomorphism, and Animal Behavior. In R. Mitchell, Nicholas S. Thompson & H. L. Miles (eds.), Anthropomorphism, Anecdotes, and Animals. Suny Press 125--33.
     
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  19.  4
    Marco Buzzoni (2015). The Agency Theory of Causality, Anthropomorphism, and Simultaneity. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 28 (4):375-395.
    The purpose of this article is to examine two important issues concerning the agency theory of causality: the charge of anthropomorphism and the relation of simultaneous causation. After a brief outline of the agency theory, sections 2–4 contain the refutation of the three main forms in which the charge of anthropomorphism is to be found in the literature. It will appear that it is necessary to distinguish between the subjective and the objective aspect of the concept of causation. (...)
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  20.  14
    Mats Bergman (2007). Development, Purpose, and the Spectre of Anthropomorphism: Sundry Comments on T. L. Short's Peirce's Theory of Signs. Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 43 (4):601 - 609.
    T. L. Short's Peirce's Theory of Signs offers a strong interpretation of semeiotic, advocating a developmental and naturalistic position. This commentary examines some of the main features of Short's approach, raising a number of critical questions concerning the growth of Peirce's thought and the problem of anthropomorphism. First, two possible weaknesses in Short's account of the development of semeiotic, connected to the treatment of the "New List of Categories" and the role of the index, are noted. Next, the menace (...)
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  21.  19
    Mats Bergman (2007). Development, Purpose, and the Spectre of Anthropomorphism: Sundry Comments on T. L. Short's. Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 43 (4).
    : T. L. Short's Peirce's Theory of Signs offers a strong interpretation of semeiotic, advocating a developmental and naturalistic position. This commentary examines some of the main features of Short's approach, raising a number of critical questions concerning the growth of Peirce's thought and the problem of anthropomorphism. First, two possible weaknesses in Short's account of the development of semeiotic, connected to the treatment of the "New List of Categories" and the role of the index, are noted. Next, the (...)
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  22. H. A. Herzog & S. Galvin (1997). Anthropomorphism, Common Sense, and Animal Awareness. In R. Mitchell, Nicholas S. Thompson & H. L. Miles (eds.), Anthropomorphism, Anecdotes, and Animals. Suny Press 237--53.
     
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  23. Pamela J. Asquith (1997). Why Anthropomorphism is Not Metaphor: Crossing Concepts and Cultures in Animal Behavior Studies. In R. Mitchell, Nicholas S. Thompson & H. L. Miles (eds.), Anthropomorphism, Anecdotes, and Animals. Suny Press 22--34.
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  24.  12
    Sandra D. Mitchell, Anthropomorphism: Cross-Species Modeling.
    There has been a recent resurgence of interest in anthropomorphism, attributable to both the rise of cognitive ethology and the requirements of various forms of expanded, environmental ethics. The manner and degree to which non-human animals are similar to human beings has thus become a focus of scientific research and a necessary component to our decisions to act morally. At its basis, anthropomorphism involves claims about the similarity of non-human objects or beings to humans. Critics of anthropomorphism (...)
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  25.  8
    Karen Arnold, Evaluating Science on Epistemic and Moral Grounds (Formerly, Putting Anthropomorphism in Context).
    In recent years several philosophers of biology have proposed a pluralistic approach to science. In The Disorder of Things, John Dupré argues for a version of pluralism. Pluralists of all breeds must deal with a familiar class of worries that are routinely expressed at the suggestion of any move away from monism. One such worry is that pluralism is a relativistic position in which "anything goes" in science. In this paper I examine Dupré's proposals for saving his pluralism from the (...)
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  26.  1
    Niall Shanks (2006). Animal Rights and Moral Philosophy; Thinking with Animals: New Perspectives on Anthropomorphism. Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 97:194-195.
    Julian H. Franklin. Animal Rights and Moral Philosophy. xix + 151 pp., bibl., index. New York: Columbia University Press, 2005. $35 .; Lorraine Daston; Gregg Mitman . Thinking with Animals: New Perspectives on Anthropomorphism. vi + 230 pp., table, notes, index. New York: Columbia University Press, 2005. $49.50 (cloth.
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  27. Binyamin Abrahamov (1996). Anthropomorphism and Interpretation of the Qur’Ān in the Theology of Al-Qāsim Ibn Ibrāhīm: Kitāb Al-Mustarshid. Edited with Translation, Introduction and Notes. Brill.
    This edition and annotated translation of al-Qāsim's Kitāb al-mustarshid includes a discussion of anthropomorphism and interpretation of the Qur’ān in the theology of the Zaidite imam al-Qāsim ibn Ibrāhīm . Al-Qāsim's methods of interpretation are put forth and analyzed in light of early Qur’ānic exegesis.
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  28. J. Kiriazis & C. Slobodchikoff (1997). Anthropomorphism and the Study of Animal Language. In R. Mitchell, Nicholas S. Thompson & H. L. Miles (eds.), Anthropomorphism, Anecdotes, and Animals. Suny Press 365--369.
     
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  29. H. Lyn Miles (1997). Anthropomorphism, Apes, and Language. In R. Mitchell, Nicholas S. Thompson & H. L. Miles (eds.), Anthropomorphism, Anecdotes, and Animals. Suny Press 383--404.
     
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  30. Robert W. Mitchell (1997). Anthropomorphism and Anecdotes: A Guide for the Perplexed. In R. Mitchell, Nicholas S. Thompson & H. L. Miles (eds.), Anthropomorphism, Anecdotes, and Animals. Suny Press 407--427.
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  31. Robert W. Mitchell, Nicholas S. Thompson & H. Lyn Miles (1997). Taking Anthropomorphism and Anecdotes Seriously. In R. Mitchell, Nicholas S. Thompson & H. L. Miles (eds.), Anthropomorphism, Anecdotes, and Animals. Suny Press 3--11.
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  32. Robert L. Russell (1997). Anthropomorphism in Mother-Infant Interaction: Cultural Imperative or Scientific Acumen? In R. Mitchell, Nicholas S. Thompson & H. L. Miles (eds.), Anthropomorphism, Anecdotes, and Animals. Suny Press 116--22.
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  33. Emanuela Cenami Spada (1997). Amorphism, Mechanomorphism, and Anthropomorphism. In R. Mitchell, Nicholas S. Thompson & H. L. Miles (eds.), Anthropomorphism, Anecdotes, and Animals. Suny Press
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  34. Karyl B. Swartz & Sian Evans (1997). Anthropomorphism, Anecdotes, and Mirrors. In R. Mitchell, Nicholas S. Thompson & H. L. Miles (eds.), Anthropomorphism, Anecdotes, and Animals. Suny Press 296--306.
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  35. John Andrew Fisher (1996). The Myth of Anthropomorphism John Andrew Fisher. In Colin Allen & D. Jamison (eds.), Readings in Animal Cognition. MIT Press
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  36.  1
    Gordon M. Burghardt (1988). Anecdotes and Critical Anthropomorphism. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 11 (2):248.
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  37. Eileen Crist (2000). Images of Animals: Anthropomorphism and Animal Mind. Journal of the History of Biology 33 (1):213-215.
     
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  38.  12
    Frans B. M. de Waal (1999). Anthropomorphism and Anthropodenial. Philosophical Topics 27 (1):255-280.
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  39.  53
    Kristin Andrews (2011). Beyond Anthropomorphism: Attributing Psychological Properties to Animals. In Tom L. Beauchamp R. G. Frey (ed.), Oxford Handbook of Animal Ethics. Oxford University Press 469--494.
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  40. A. Horowitz (2007). Anthropomorphism. In M. Bekoff (ed.), Encyclopedia of Human-Animal Relationships. Greenwood Press 60--66.
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  41. Lorraine Daston & Gregg Mitman (2005). Thinking with Animals: New Perspectives on Anthropomorphism. Journal of the History of Biology 38 (3):624-626.
     
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  42.  49
    Frans B. M. De Waal (1999). Anthropomorphism and Anthropodenial. Philosophical Topics 27 (1):255-280.
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  43.  2
    James Serpell (2003). Anthropomorphism and Anthropomorphic Selection—Beyond the "Cute Response". Society and Animals 11 (1):83-100.
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  44.  3
    Benjamin H. Dunning (2015). Language for God in Patristic Tradition: Wrestling with Biblical Anthropomorphism. Augustinian Studies 46 (2):298-302.
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  45.  9
    Paul Morris, Margaret Fidler & Alan Costall (2000). Beyond Anecdotes: An Empirical Study of "Anthropomorphism". Society and Animals 8 (2):151-165.
    The status of "anthropomorphic" descriptions of animals in terms of intentions and emotions has been generally regarded as a prescriptive methodological concern. In contrast, in the study of human social psychology the nature of psychological descriptions of other people has been approached as a substantive empirical issue. Following this lead, the present study investigated the nature of people's descriptions of short videotaped episodes of animal behavior. The descriptions obtained were predominantly anthropomorphic and structured according to a limited set of "event (...)
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  46.  8
    Francis William Newman (2009). Anthropomorphism. The Works of Francis William Newman on Religion 8:151-153.
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  47.  5
    Christopher Insole (2001). Anthropomorphism and the Apophatic God. Modern Theology 17 (4):475-483.
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  48.  11
    Stanley Tweyman (1982). An 'Inconvenience' of Anthropomorphism. Hume Studies 8 (1):19-42.
  49.  16
    Edward Winters & Marco Frascari (1993). Monsters of Architecture: Anthropomorphism in Architectural Theory. Philosophical Quarterly 43 (171):251.
    '...deserves serious attention among new theories in architecture, and is recommended for all university architectural collections.'|s CHOICE.
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  50.  13
    Suzanne Keen (2011). Fast Tracks to Narrative Empathy: Anthropomorphism and Dehumanization in Graphic Narratives. Substance 40 (1):135-155.
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