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  1. Arianna Ferrari, Christopher Coenen & Armin Grunwald (2012). Visions and Ethics in Current Discourse on Human Enhancement. NanoEthics 6 (3):215-229.
    Since it is now broadly acknowledged that ethics should receive early consideration in discourse on emerging technologies, ethical debates tend to flourish even while new fields of technology are still in their infancy. Such debates often liberally mix existing applications with technologies in the pipeline and far-reaching visions. This paper analyses the problems associated with this use of ethics as “preparatory” research, taking discourse on human enhancement in general and on pharmaceutical cognitive enhancement in particular as an example. The paper (...)
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  2. Armin Grunwald (2010). From Speculative Nanoethics to Explorative Philosophy of Nanotechnology. NanoEthics 4 (2):91-101.
    In the wake of the emergence and rapid development of nanoethics there swiftly followed fundamental criticism: nanoethics was said to have become much too involved with speculative developments and was concerning itself too little with actually pending questions of nanotechnology design and applications. If this diagnosis is true, then large parts of nanoethics are misguided. Such fundamental criticism must surely either result in a radical reorientation of nanoethics or be refuted for good reasons. In this paper, I will examine the (...)
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  3. Armin Grunwald (2009). Die technnische Verbesserung des Menschen. Was besagt spontane moralische Entrüstung in ethischer Hinsicht. In Heinrich Ganthaler, Otto Neumaier & Gerhard Zecha (eds.), Rationalität Und Emotionalität. Lit. 203--219.
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  4. Armin Grunwald (2009). Technology Assessment: Concepts and Methods. In Anthonie W. M. Meijers (ed.), Handbook of the Philosophy of Science. 9--1103.
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  5. Armin Grunwald (2008). Auf Dem Weg in Eine Nanotechnologische Zukunft: Philosophisch-Ethische Fragen. Karl Alber Verlag.
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  6. Armin Grunwald (2008). Technik Und Politikberatung: Philosophische Perspektiven. Suhrkamp.
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  7. Armin Grunwald (2007). Die Konstitutive Rolle Von Technik in der Konstruktivistischen Wissenschaftstheorie. Konsequenzen für Die Technikphilosophie. Journal for General Philosophy of Science 38 (2):239 - 259.
    The constitutive role of technology in the constructive theory of science. Consequences for the philosophy of technology. Technology plays an important role in the constructivistic reconstructions of the natural sciences. However, there is no indepth view or thorough explication of the term "technology" and its connotations and relations in those exercises. Technology, there, is seen as a more or less evident part of the lifeworld's A priori of the natural sciences. This paper is dedicated to the reconstruction of the function (...)
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  8. Armin Grunwald (2007). Orientierungsbedarf, Zukunftswissen und Naturalismus. Das Beispiel der „technischen Verbesserung” des Menschen. Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie 55 (6):949-965.
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  9. Armin Grunwald & Yannick Julliard (2007). Nanotechnology – Steps Towards Understanding Human Beings as Technology? NanoEthics 1 (2):77-87.
    Far-reaching promises made by nanotechnology have raised the question of whether we are on the way to understanding human beings more and more as belonging to the realm of technology. In this paper, an increasing need to understand the technological re-conceptualization of human beings is diagnosed whenever increasingly “technical” interpretations of humans as mechanical entities are disseminated. And this can be observed at present in the framework of nanobiotechnology, a foremost “technical” self-description where a technical language is adopted. The arena (...)
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  10. Armin Grunwald (2005). Nanotechnology — a New Field of Ethical Inquiry? Science and Engineering Ethics 11 (2):187-201.
    Parallel to the public discussion on the benefits and risks of nanotechnology, a debate on the ethics of nanotechnology has begun. It has been postulated that a new “nano-ethics” is necessary. In this debate, the — positive as well as negative — visionary and speculative innovations which are brought into connection with nanotechnology stand in the foreground. In this contribution, an attempt is made to discover new ethical aspects of nanotechnology in a more systematic manner than has been the case. (...)
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  11. Armin Grunwald & Yannick Julliard (2005). Technik als Reflexionsbegriff: überlegungen zur semantischen Struktur des Redens über Technik. Philosophia Naturalis 42 (1):127-157.
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  12. Armin Grunwald (2004). Participation as a Means of Enhancing the Legitimacy of Decisions on Technology? A Sceptical Analysis. Poiesis and Praxis 3 (s 1-2):106-122.
    The legitimacy of technology as a whole, of individual fields of technology, and of concrete decisions on technology has become problematic. Traditional methods and elements for the legitimization of technological development and of the application of technology have been increasingly called into question since the 1980s. There are great expectations in participatory procedures to improving the legitimization of technology decisions. Those expectations, however, might not be justified. In the paper, the hypothesis is proposed that legitimacy can be brought about through (...)
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  13. Armin Grunwald (2004). The Normative Basis of (Health) Technology Assessment and the Role of Ethical Expertise. Poiesis and Praxis 2 (s 2-3):175-193.
    The role of normative reflection and the possibilities of ethical inquiry in technology assessment have been under discussion in the TA community for several years. As an outcome of this discussion the necessity of explicitly dealing with normativity in TA has widely been acknowledged. However, it is still quite unclear in which way this should be done. This paper is dedicated to the role (and limitations) of ethical expertise in this field, especially in HTA. By methodological analysis an approach is (...)
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  14. Rob Reuzel, Wija Oortwijn, Michael Decker, Christian Clausen, Pedro Gallo, John Grin, Armin Grunwald, Leo Hennen, Gert Wilt & Yutaka Yoshinaka (2004). Ethics and HTA: Some Lessons and Challenges for the Future. Poiesis and Praxis 2 (s 2-3):247-256.
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  15. Rob Reuzel, Wija Oortwijn, Michael Decker, Christian Clausen, Pedro Gallo, John Grin, Armin Grunwald, Leo Hennen, GertJan van der Wilt & Yutaka Yoshinaka (2004). Ethics and HTA: Some Lessons and Challenges for the Future. Poiesis and Praxis: International Journal of Technology Assessment and Ethics of Science 2 (2):247-256.
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  16. Armin Grunwald (2001). Legitimate Decisions Leading Towards Sustainable Development – Problems and Challenges. Poiesis and Praxis 1 (1):0003-0016.
    In discussing the operationalization of sustainability as a concept two tendencies can, at present, be observed: the dependence of sustainability maxims on their presumed or actual acceptance and their relationship to integrative modeling based on empirical research. In contrast, this contribution is based on the assumption that the problems of implementing sustainability are (at least or also) caused by divergent normative conceptions in society and by the problems of legitimization that arise out of them. Coping with these conflicts requires explicit (...)
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  17. Armin Grunwald (2001). The Application of Ethics to Engineering and the Engineer's Moral Responsibility: Perspectives for a Research Agenda. Science and Engineering Ethics 7 (3):415-428.
    There are different possibilities for defining the areas for the application of ethics to engineering. They range from descriptive analysis of engineers’ relationship to moral criteria and extend to normative issues on how engineers should design more “sustainable” technology. In this paper, a frame of reference is proposed, which makes it possible to elaborate in a transparent manner goals for analysis of the scope of ethics in engineering. Its point of departure is marked by two questions: 1) which types of (...)
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  18. Armin Grunwald (2000). Against Over-Estimating the Role of Ethics in Technology Development. Science and Engineering Ethics 6 (2):181-196.
    The role of ethics in technology development has been often questioned, especially in the early days of societal reflection of technology. However, the situation has changed dramatically. Ethical consideration now is generally declared to be indispensable in shaping technology in a socially acceptable and sustainable way. The expectations of ethics are large; often even a kind of “New Ethics” is postulated. In the present paper an over-estimation of the role of ethics for technology development is rejected. It is argued that (...)
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  19. Armin Grunwald (1999). Technology Assessment or Ethics of Technology? Ethical Perspectives 6 (2):170-182.
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  20. Armin Grunwald (1998). Das Prädiskursive Einverständnis. Wissenschaftlicher Wahrheitsbegriff Und Prozedurale Rechtfertigung. Journal for General Philosophy of Science 29 (2):205-223.
    The pre-discoursive agreement. Theory of scientific truth and procedural justification. — On basis of the constructive philosophy of science, the attention is focussed to the pre-discoursive elements of discoursive theories of truth. By using a pragmatic approach it is shown that foundation of those pre-discoursive elements, like discourse rules or the basic terminology, is possible though the discourse rules are not available at this level. Propositions which can be shown in the presented theory to be true, always describe a know-how (...)
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  21. Armin Grunwald (1996). Ethik der Technik. Systematisierung und Kritik vorliegender Entwürfe. Ethik Und Sozialwissenschaften 7 (2):3.
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  22. Armin Grunwald (1996). Natur und Technik–Begriffsprobleme zwischen Wissenschaftstheorie und Technikphilosophie. Ethik Und Sozialwissenschaften 7 (2):3.
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  23. Armin Grunwald (1994). Wissenschaftstheoretische Anmerkungen Zur Technikfolgenabschätzung: Die Prognose- Und Quantifizierungsproblematik. [REVIEW] Journal for General Philosophy of Science 25 (1):51 - 70.
    Philosophy of Technology Assessment: Problems of Quantification and Prediction. Technology Assessment (TA) as an interdiscipline project to assist decision-making in the area of technology politics is well-established. A critical analysis based on the constructive philosophy of science, however, uncovers several deficiencies of the philosophical foundation of TA. Especially the fundamental differences between natural and social sciences are neglected by the TA, for example by treating normative problems of decision-making with descriptive techniques of quantification and prediction. It is shown that in (...)
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