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  1. Arnold Cusmariu, Logic for Kids.
    No such book currently exists on the market, except for the usual puzzle books, which are an entirely different matter. The book consists of 16 booklets, about 30 pages each. All are written in conversational style, using very simple vocabulary. I explain why logic is about one word, “therefore,” how to use this word correctly, and how to tell when it has not been used correctly. Concepts related to this word are introduced as friends a child can play fun games (...)
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  2. Arnold Cusmariu, Realizing Beauty.
    Tackling the question whether beauty is a property as if the problem of universals could safely be ignored leads to confusions exemplified in Scruton 2009, McMahon 2007, Zangwill 2001 and Scarry 1999, among recent writers. I frame the question in the proper context with a measure of precision, clear away misunderstandings, present a logically valid argument for an affirmative answer, list three relevant and four irrelevant ways of countering the argument, and show that well-known views of Hume and Kant yield (...)
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  3. Arnold Cusmariu, The Perils of Aphrodite.
    Cinema is an effective medium for communicating the Platonist attitude toward Beauty as an attribute worthy of moral respect, as case studies can illustrate. Mine focuses on the work of the French actress Carole Bouquet, who launched her career in Buñuel’s Cet obscur objet du désir (That Obscure Object of Desire). Part 1 shows sins against Beauty to be a unifying theme of Bouquet’s films, which leave no doubt as to the appropriate response. Part 2 combines Plato’s distinction in the (...)
     
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  4. Arnold Cusmariu (forthcoming). Baudelaire's Critique of Sculpture. Journal of Aesthetic Education.
    The framework I presented in "The structure of an aesthetic revolution" freed sculpture from the tyranny of common-sense ontology and epistemology and has the wherewithal to withstand Baudelaire’s assault on the aesthetics of the third dimension, as any sound theory should. After making his argument logically explicit and rejecting two possible responses, I explain in detail how paradigm shift rescues the third dimension, illustrating with examples and analyses of my own work. Unique and surprising attributes emerge.
     
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  5. Arnold Cusmariu (2012). Toward a Semantic Approach in Epistemology. Logos and Episteme (4):531-543.
    Philosophers have recognized for some time the usefulness of semantic conceptions of truth and belief. That the third member of the knowledge triad, evidence, might also have a useful semantic version seems to have been overlooked. This paper corrects that omission by defining a semantic conception of evidence for science and mathematics and then developing a semantic conception of knowledge for these fields, arguably mankind’s most important knowledge repository. The goal is to demonstrate the advantages of having an answer to (...)
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  6. Arnold Cusmariu (2011). Self-Predication and The. Grazer Philosophische Studien 23:105-118.
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  7. Arnold Cusmariu (2009). The Structure of an Aesthetic Revolution. Journal of Visual Arts Practice 8 (3):163-179.
    Brought about through philosophical analysis – a first in the history of art – paradigm shifts in the ontology and epistemology of sculpture are described, motivated, and exemplified with pieces they inspired. Navigating the new aesthetic environment requires an ‘escape from Plato's Cave’ by means of a kind of phenomenological reduction. The new conceptual foundation allows artists unprecedented levels of freedom to explore and innovate, connects sculpture to music, and has the potential to enhance significantly the appreciation of art and (...)
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  8. Arnold Cusmariu (1985). Self-Predication and the "Third Man&Quot;. Grazer Philosophische Studien 23 (1):105-118.
    Generations of scholars have worked to clarify the structure and content of the TMA, one of the most famous arguments in the history of philosophy. Though progress has been made, I show that a premise crucial to the argument has yet to be stated openly. This premise holds the way out of the predicament that enables Plato to retain intact the foundations of the Theory of Forms.
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  9. Arnold Cusmariu (1983). Translation and Belief Again. Analysis 43 (1):23-25.
    In "Translation and Belief" I presented a two-stage version of Church's translation argument against Carnap's analysis of belief. Here I show that the first stage is sufficient to establish a weaker, though no less significant conclusion, if supplemented with the principle that the same thought or idea can be expressed in different languages.
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  10. Arnold Cusmariu (1982). Translation and Belief. Analysis 42 (1):12-16.
    I present a formally explicit statement of Church's celebrated argument against Carnap's analysis of belief and defend it against well-known objections by W.V.O. Quine, R.M. Martin, and Michael Dummett.
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  11. Arnold Cusmariu (1980). A Definition of Impure Memory. Philosophical Studies 38 (3):305-308.
    Norman Malcolm has maintained that impure memory is a de dicto mixture of factual memory and later knowledge or inference. E. Stiffler objects that impure memory must be given a de re analysis because later knowledge must be applied to earlier memory to yield impure memory. I show that the conditions of Stiffler's de re analysis are neither necessary nor sufficient and that Malcolm can easily give a de dicto solution to the application problem.
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  12. Arnold Cusmariu (1980). Ryle's Paradox and the Concept of Exemplification. Grazer Philosophische Studien 10 (1):65-71.
    Gilbert Ryle has argued that Plato's Theory of Forms is a "logically vicious" doctrine because it's fundamental concept of exemplification leads to a vicious infinite regress. David Armstrong and Alan Donagan have agreed with Ryle. After making Ryle's argument logically explicit, I show the exemplification regress is illusory. Exemplification is a genuine universal alongside other relations; there is nothing paradoxical in its being exemplified over and over and over ... Platonism can define logical properties of this relation but not the (...)
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  13. Arnold Cusmariu (1979). On an Aristotelian Theory of Universals. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 57 (1):51-58.
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  14. Arnold Cusmariu (1979). Russell's Paradox Re-Examined. Erkenntnis 14 (3):365-370.
    I attempt to rescue Frege's naive conception of a set according to which there is a set for every property by redefining the technical concept of degree of an open sentence. Instead of making degree a function of the number of free variables, I make it a function of free variable occurrences. What Russell proved, then, is that there is not a relation-in-extension for every relation-in-intension. In a brief paper it is not possible to discuss how redefining the function-argument correlation (...)
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  15. Arnold Cusmariu (1978). About Property Identity. Auslegung 5 (3):139-146.
    W.V.O. Quine has famously objected that (1) properties are philosophically suspect because (2) there is no entity without identity and (3) the synonymy criterion for property identity won't do because there's no such concept as synonymy. (2) and (3) may or may not be right but do not prove (1). I reply that Leiniz's Law handles property identity, as it does for everything else, then respond to a variety of objections and confusions.
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  16. Arnold Cusmariu (1978). Nonexistence Without Nonexistents. Philosophical Studies 33 (4):409-412.
    Platonism considers existence as well as nonexistence as genuine properties. Kant and others have denied the former and the latter seems absurd. I reply that critics have forgotten that Platonism means accepting properties that are neither exemplified (like being a unicorn) nor exemplifiable (like nonexistence). I also present a Platonist analysis of negative existentials without appealing to nonexistence.
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  17. Arnold Cusmariu (1978). Self-Relations. Southern Journal of Philosophy 16 (4):321-327.
    According to Platonism, "Socrates is wise" expresses the exemplification by Socrates of the property of being wise; while "Simmias is taller than Socrates" expresses the exemplification by <Simmias, Socrates> of the relation of being taller than. What about "Socrates is as tall as Socrates"? Is this property or relation exemplification? I show there is an answer that solves Russell's Paradox, Plato's "Third Man" argument, and the Greeling-Nelson paradox of non-self-applying terms.
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  18. Arnold Cusmariu (1978). Subsistence Demystified. Auslegung 6 (1):24-27.
    In "The Problems of Philosophy," Russell held that universals not exist, rather, they subsist. In the same work, he stated that universals are nevertheless "something," without intending to suggest that quantification over universals would require a special quantifier. I show these apparently conflicting statements can be reconciled with a simple definition of "subsists.".
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  19. Arnold Cusmariu (1977). About Belief De Re. Logique et Analyse 77 (2):138-147.
    I give the following analysis of de re belief: S believes with respect to X that it has the property F =df S believes a proposition which is for S extensionally to the effect that it has the property F. I spell this definition out and defend it against objections by M. Pastin, commenting also on his account of de re belief.
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