Search results for 'Arnolds Kaufman' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  5
    Arnolds Kaufman (1971). Wants, Needs, and Liberalism. Inquiry 14 (1-4):191 – 206.
    The author's main practical aim is to defend liberal doctrines to which he is committed against certain fashionable criticisms. An elucidation of human needs is offered. The key claim is that human needs entail human rights. It is argued that the account proposed fits Marx's conception of human needs, and that, therefore, Marx was implicitly committed to a theory of human rights. It is then argued that John Stuart Mill was also, though implicitly, committed to a theory of human needs. (...)
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  2. James C. Kaufman (2005). Robert J. Sternberg Todd I. Lubart James C. Kaufman Jean E. Pretz. In K. Holyoak & B. Morrison (eds.), The Cambridge Handbook of Thinking and Reasoning. Cambridge Univ Pr 351.
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  3.  2
    Terry C. Muck, Rita M. Gross & Gordon Kaufman (forthcoming). Gordon Kaufman Interview. Buddhist-Christian Studies.
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  4.  1
    Arnold S. Kaufman (1967). Diesing and Piccone on Kaufman. Inquiry 10 (1-4):211-216.
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  5.  19
    Alexander Kaufman (1999). Welfare in the Kantian State. Oxford University Press.
    A traditional interpretation holds that Kant's political theory simply constitutes an account of the constraints which reason places on the state's authority to regulate external action. Alexander Kaufman argues that this traditional interpretation succeeds neither as a faithful reading of Kant's texts nor as a plausible, philosophically sound reconstruction of a `Kantian' political theory. Rather, he argues that Kant's political theory articulates a positive conception of the state's role.
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  6. Peter Iver Kaufman (2007). Incorrectly Political: Augustine and Thomas More. University of Notre Dame Press.
    "Peter Iver Kaufman is admirably and ideally qualified to undertake this project of reading More on politics in the light of Augustine on politics. In vigorous, well-paced prose, he tackles an important and original subject." —_Marcia L. Colish, Frederick B. Artz Professor of History, emerita, Oberlin College_ _“Incorrectly Political_ will attract readers not only because it is written with the author's characteristic flair and liveliness, but also because of his established capacity to bridge centuries of Western thought and history. (...)
     
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  7. Martin Jay, Christina Gerhardt, Rob Kaufman, Detlev Claussen & J. M. Bernstein (2006). Adorno and Ethics. Duke University Press Books.
    Because of his preoccupation with the formal aspects of music and literature, Theodor W. Adorno is often regarded as the most aesthetically oriented thinker of the Frankfurt School theorists. It is Adorno’s perceived commitment to aestheticism—the study of art for art’s sake and the study of art as a source of sensuous pleasure, rather than as a vehicle for culturally constructed morality or meaning—that many scholars have criticized as hostile to genuine, concrete, substantive political, social, and ethical engagement with the (...)
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  8.  10
    Whitley R. P. Kaufman (2009). Justified Killing: The Paradox of Self-Defense. Lexington Books.
    In Justified Killing, Whitley R. P. Kaufman argues that none of the leading theories adequately explains why it is permissible even to kill an innocent attacker in self-defense, given the basic moral prohibition against killing the innocent. Kaufman suggests that such an explanation can be found in the traditional Doctrine of Double Effect, according to which self-defense is justified because the intention of the defender is to protect himself rather than harm the attacker.
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  9.  14
    Alexander Kaufman (2013). A Satisfactory Minimum Conception of Justice: Reconsidering Rawls's Maximin Argument. Economics and Philosophy 29 (3):349-369.
    John Rawls argues that it is possible to describe a suitably defined initial situation from which to form reliable judgements about justice. In this initial situation, rational persons are deprived of information that is . It is rational, Rawls argues, for persons choosing principles of justice from this standpoint to be guided by the maximin rule. Critics, however, argue that (i) the maximin rule is not the appropriate decision rule for Rawls's choice position; (ii) the maximin argument relies upon an (...)
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  10. Fritz Kaufman (1941). Concerning Kraft's "Philosophy of Existence". Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 1 (3):359-364.
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  11. Scott Barry Kaufman (2014). A Proposed Integration of the Expert Performance and Individual Differences Approaches to the Study of Elite Performance. Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  12.  9
    Scott Barry Kaufman, Colin G. DeYoung, Jeremy R. Gray, Luis Jiménez, Jamie Brown & Nicholas Mackintosh (2010). Implicit Learning as an Ability. Cognition 116 (3):321-340.
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  13. Cynthia Kaufman (2001). A User's Guide to White Privilege. Radical Philosophy Review 4 (1/2):30-38.
    Picking up where Peggy McKintosh’s “White Privilege: Unpacking the Invisible Knapsack” left off, this essay looks further into the ways that racial privilege manifests itself in the lives of white Americans. It explores some of the reasons that white privilege is hard for whites to see and it explores the question of how white people can act responsibly given the unavoidable realities of racial privilege.
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  14. Holly Kaufman (1993). From Red to Green: Cuba Forced to Conserve Due to Economic Crisis. [REVIEW] Agriculture and Human Values 10 (3):31-34.
    The most severe economic crisis in post-revolutionary Cuba has forced the country to adopt an austere conservation program. Resource-wise measures have been instituted in the energy, transportation, housing, and agricultural sectors because of a rapid drop in Soviet aid, significant loss of trade with the Eastern Bloc, a halving of oil imports in a one-year period, and stepped-up U. S. sanctions. The economic crisis is also causing negative environmental impacts, in part because pollution abatement projects have been deferred and the (...)
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  15.  13
    Juli Murphy, Joan Scott, David Kaufman, Gail Geller, Lisa LeRoy & Kathy Hudson (2008). Public Expectations for Return of Results From Large-Cohort Genetic Research. American Journal of Bioethics 8 (11):36 – 43.
    The National Institutes of Health and other federal health agencies are considering establishing a national biobank to study the roles of genes and environment in human health. A preliminary public engagement study was conducted to assess public attitudes and concerns about the proposed biobank, including the expectations for return of individual research results. A total of 141 adults of different ages, incomes, genders, ethnicities, and races participated in 16 focus groups in six locations across the country. Focus group participants voiced (...)
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  16. John Baer, James C. Kaufman & Roy F. Baumeister (eds.) (2008). Are We Free?: Psychology and Free Will. Oxford University Press.
    Do people have free will, or this universal belief an illusion? If free will is more than an illusion, what kind of free will do people have? How can free will influence behavior? Can free will be studied, verified, and understood scientifically? How and why might a sense of free will have evolved? These are a few of the questions this book attempts to answer. People generally act as though they believe in their own free will: they don't feel like (...)
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  17. Gordon Kaufman (1994). In Face of Mystery: A Constructive Theology. American Journal of Theology and Philosophy 15 (3):327-332.
     
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  18.  1
    Kevin G. Munjal, Stephen P. Wall, Lewis R. Goldfrank, Alexander Gilbert & Bradley J. Kaufman (2013). A Rationale in Support of Uncontrolled Donation After Circulatory Determination of Death. Hastings Center Report 43 (1):19-26.
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  19. Dan Kaufman (2007). Locke on Individuation and the Corpuscular Basis of Kinds. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 75 (3):499-534.
    In this paper, I examine the crucial relationship between Locke’s theory of individuation and his theory of kinds. Locke holds that two material objects -- e.g., a mass of matter and an oak tree -- can be in the same place at the same time, provided that they are ‘of different kinds’. According to Locke, kinds are nominal essences, that is, general abstract ideas based on objective similarities between particularindividuals. I argue that Locke’s view on coinciding material objects is incompatible (...)
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  20.  1
    Rebecca L. McMillan, Scott Barry Kaufman & Jerome L. Singer (2013). Ode to Positive Constructive Daydreaming. Frontiers in Psychology 4.
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  21.  6
    Sharon R. Kaufman (2010). Regarding the Rise in Autism: Vaccine Safety Doubt, Conditions of Inquiry, and the Shape of Freedom. Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 38 (1):8-32.
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  22. Arnold S. Kaufman (1960). The Reform Theory of Punishment. Ethics 71 (1):49-53.
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  23. Dan Kaufman (2002). Descartes's Creation Doctrine and Modality. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 80 (1):24 – 41.
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  24.  9
    Whitley R. P. Kaufman (2016). Revenge as the Dark Double of Retributive Punishment. Philosophia 44 (2):317-325.
    It is an assumption widely shared by both retributivists and anti-retributivists that revenge is a morally impermissible basis for inflicting harm. Retributivists have thus exercised great ingenuity in demonstrating that retribution is fundamentally different from revenge. But this is, I argue, to misconstrue the problem. The problem is rather to recognize the essential continuity between revenge and retribution, and to address the question whether there is a moral basis for the very idea of inflicting harm in response to moral wrongdoing. (...)
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  25.  13
    Whitley Kaufman (2015). Robert Doran, The Theory of the Sublime: From Longinus to Kant. Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 35 (6):294-295.
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  26.  20
    Kameshwari Pothukuchi & Jerome L. Kaufman (1999). Placing the Food System on the Urban Agenda: The Role of Municipal Institutions in Food Systems Planning. [REVIEW] Agriculture and Human Values 16 (2):213-224.
    Food issues are generally regarded as agricultural and rural issues. The urban food system is less visible than such other systems as transportation, housing, employment, or even the environment. The reasons for its low visibility include the historic process by which issues and policies came to be defined as urban; the spread of processing, refrigeration, and transportation technology together with cheap, abundant energy that rendered invisible the loss of farmland around older cities; and the continuing institutional separation of urban and (...)
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  27.  21
    Whitley Kaufman (2009). Karma, Rebirth, and the Problem of Evil. In Kevin Timpe (ed.), Philosophy East and West. Routledge 222.
    The doctrine of karma and rebirth is often praised for its ability to offer a successful solution to the Problem of Evil. This essay evaluates such a claim by considering whether the doctrine can function as a systematic theodicy, as an explanation of all human suffering in terms of wrongs done in either this or past lives. This purported answer to the Problem of Evil must face a series of objections, including the problem of anylackofmemoryofpastlives,the lack of proportionality between wrongdoing (...)
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  28. Arnold S. Kaufman (1963). Ability. Journal of Philosophy 60 (19):537-551.
  29. Whitley Kaufman (2012). Can Science Determine Moral Values? A Reply to Sam Harris. Neuroethics 5 (1):55-65.
    Sam Harris’ new book “The Moral Landscape” is the latest in a series of attempts to provide a new “science of morality.” This essay argues that such a project is unlikely to succeed, using Harris’ text as an example of the major philosophical problems that would be faced by any such theory. In particular, I argue that those trying to construct a scientific ethics need pay far more attention to the tradition of moral philosophy, rather than assuming the debate is (...)
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  30.  74
    Whitley Kaufman (2008). Torture and the "Distributive Justice" Theory of Self-Defense: An Assessment. Ethics and International Affairs 22 (1):93–115.
    The goal of this feature is to demonstrate that distributive justice is a flawed theory of self-defense and must be rejected, thus undercutting the argument that torture can be justified as self-defense.
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  31.  94
    Dan Kaufman (2003). Divine Simplicity and the Eternal Truths in Descartes. British Journal for the History of Philosophy 11 (4):553 – 579.
  32. Dan Kaufman (2008). Descartes on Composites, Incomplete Substances, and Kinds of Unity. Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 90 (1):39-73.
    It is widely-accepted that Descartes is a substance dualist, i.e. that he holds that there are two and only two kinds of finite substance – mind and body. However, several scholars have argued that Descartes is a substance trialist, where the third kind of substance he admits is the substantial union of a mind and a body, the human being. In this paper, I argue against the trialist interpretation of Descartes. First, I show that the strongest evidence for trialism, based (...)
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  33. Frederik Kaufman (1996). Death and Deprivation; or, Why Lucretius' Symmetry Argument Fails. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 74 (2):305 – 312.
  34.  88
    Whitley Kaufman (2005). What's Wrong with Preventive War? The Moral and Legal Basis for the Preventive Use of Force. Ethics and International Affairs 19 (3):23–38.
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  35.  97
    Dan Kaufman (2000). Descartes on the Objective Reality of Materially False Ideas. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 81 (4):385–408.
    “The Standard Interpretation” of Descartes on material falsity states that Descartes believed that materially false ideas (MFIs) lack “objective reality” [realitas objectiva]. The argument for the Standard Interpretation depends on a statement from the “Third Meditation” that MFIs are caused by nothing. This statement, in conjunction with a causal principle introduced by Descartes, seems to entail that MFIs lack objective reality. However, the Standard Interpretation is incorrect. First, I argue that, despite initial appearances, the manner in which Descartes understands the (...)
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  36.  17
    Gordon D. Kaufman (2007). A Religious Interpretation of Emergence: Creativity as God. Zygon 42 (4):915-928.
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  37. Sharon R. Kaufman (2010). Regarding the Rise in Autism: Vaccine Safety Doubt, Conditions of Inquiry, and the Shape of Freedom. Ethos 38 (1):8-32.
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  38.  27
    Alexander Kaufman (2006). Capabilities and Freedom. Journal of Political Philosophy 14 (3):289–300.
  39. Whitley R. P. Kaufman (2005). Karma, Rebirth, and the Problem of Evil. Philosophy East and West 55 (1):15-32.
    : The doctrine of karma and rebirth is often praised for its ability to offer a successful solution to the Problem of Evil. This essay evaluates such a claim by considering whether the doctrine can function as a systematic theodicy, as an explanation of all human suffering in terms of wrongs done in either this or past lives. This purported answer to the Problem of Evil must face a series of objections, including the problem of anylackofmemoryofpastlives,the lack of proportionality between (...)
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  40. Dan Kaufman (2005). God's Immutability and the Necessity of Descartes's Eternal Truths. Journal of the History of Philosophy 43 (1):1-19.
  41.  3
    F. Kaufman (2014). Comments on Death, Posthumous Harm and Bioethics. Journal of Medical Ethics 40 (9):639-640.
    I cannot possibly do justice to James Taylor's main contention that full-blooded epicureanism is true. But if it is true then, as he notes, this ‘bold’ philosophical position promises to revise our thinking about many areas in bioethics which presuppose that death is bad.1 Of course if Epicureanism is true, the implications run much wider and deeper than bioethics. Any human activity that in any way presupposes the badness of death will be groundless—killing or being killed in war will be (...)
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  42. Gordon D. Kaufman (forthcoming). God and Emptiness: An Experimental Essay. Buddhist-Christian Studies.
     
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  43.  6
    Eleanor Kaufman (2012). Deleuze, the Dark Precursor: Dialectic, Structure, Being. The Johns Hopkins University Press.
    Deleuze, The Dark Precursor is organized around three themes that critically overlap: dialectic, structure, and being.
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  44.  66
    Whitley R. P. Kaufman (2007). Karma, Rebirth, and the Problem of Evil: A Reply to Critics. Philosophy East and West 57 (4):556-560.
    The doctrine of karma and rebirth is often praised for its ability to offer a successful solution to the Problem of Evil. This essay evaluates such a claim by considering whether the doctrine can function as a systematic theodicy, as an explanation of all human suffering in terms of wrongs done in either this or past lives. This purported answer to the Problem of Evil must face a series of objections, including the problem of any lack of memory of past (...)
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  45.  90
    Dan Kaufman (2003). Infimus Gradus Libertatis? Descartes on Indifference and Divine Freedom. Religious Studies 39 (4):391-406.
    Descartes held the doctrine that the eternal truths are freely created by God. He seems to have thought that a proper understanding of God's freedom entails such a doctrine concerning the eternal truths. In this paper, I examine Descartes' account of divine freedom. I argue that Descartes' statements about indifference, namely that indifference is the lowest grade of freedom and that indifference is the essence of God's freedom are not incompatible. I also show how Descartes arrived at his doctrine of (...)
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  46.  6
    Oshin Vartanian & James C. Kaufman (2013). Psychological and Neural Responses to Art Embody Viewer and Artwork Histories. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (2):161-162.
    The research programs of empirical aesthetics and neuroaesthetics have reflected deep concerns about viewers' sensitivities to artworks' historical contexts by investigating the impact of two factors on art perception: viewers' developmental (and educational) histories and the contextual histories of artworks. These considerations are consistent with data demonstrating that art perception is underwritten by dynamically reconfigured and evolutionarily adapted neural and psychological mechanisms.
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  47.  5
    Hans Vermeersch, Guy T'sjoen, J. M. Kaufman, J. Vincke & Mieke van Houtte (2010). Gender Ideology, Same-Sex Peer Group Affiliation and the Relationship Between Testosterone and Dominance in Adolescent Boys and Girls. Journal of Biosocial Science 42 (4):463-475.
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  48.  83
    D. A. Kaufman (2005). Review: Selves and Other Texts: The Case for Cultural Realism. [REVIEW] British Journal of Aesthetics 45 (2):199-200.
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  49.  9
    Gordon D. Kaufman (2005). Techno-Secularism and "Revealed Religion": Some Problems with Caiazza's Analysis. Zygon 40 (2):323-334.
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  50. Dan Kaufman (2006). Locks, Schlocks, and Poisoned Peas: Boyle on Actual and Dispositive Qualities. In Daniel Garber & Steven Nadler (eds.), Oxford Studies in Early Modern Philosophy Volume 3. Clarendon Press
     
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