Search results for 'Arthur E. Falk' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  69
    Arthur E. Falk (1995). Consciousness and Self-Reference. Erkenntnis 43 (2):151-80.
    Reflection on the self's way of being "in" consciousness yields two arguments for a theory of self-reference not based in any way all all on self-cognition. First, I show that one theory of self-reference predicts an experience of the self because the theory inadequately analyzes the semantical facts about indexicality. I construct a dilemma for this cognitivism, which it cannot get out of, for it requires even solitary self-reference to be based on some original self-knowledge, which is not available. I (...)
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  2.  13
    Arthur E. Falk (1995). Essay on Nature's Semeiosos. Journal of Philosophical Research 20:297-348.
    In this two-part essay I develop a theory of natural signs. Since even primordial signs signify values, in the first part I develop the theory’s valuative aspect. Goods are as primary in nature as facts are, and together facts and values generate semeiosis in all life without excess extrapolation from human psychology. To ward off over-extrapolating on values, I defend a major discontinuity between man and nature on the goods of ethics. In the essay’s second part I develop the semeiotic (...)
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  3.  29
    Arthur E. Falk (1985). Ifs and Newcombs. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 15 (3):449 - 481.
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  4.  28
    Arthur E. Falk (2007). What Divides Us Today. The Proceedings of the Twenty-First World Congress of Philosophy 7:45-49.
    According to philosophical naturalism, the main anti-naturalism in philosophy derives from Kant and depends on transcendental arguments, which are invalid or polemically toothless. Many of naturalism's characteristic features follow from this repudiation of Kantian method. Anti-naturalists should be aware that the rationale for naturalism depends on this attack on their own position. There remains for philosophy a distinctively philosophical role that depends on the indexical element in our thought, the role of elaborating a scientific worldview.
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  5.  23
    Arthur E. Falk (1981). Purpose, Feedback, and Evolution. Philosophy of Science 48 (2):198-217.
    This essay develops a theory of natural signs in order to show how evolutionary theory breathes new life into teleology. An argument to the contrary presented by Richard Taylor is refuted. The essay defends the view that the concept of negative feedback explicates purposiveness and that symbiotic evolution explains the occurrence of naturally adapted feedback systems. But evolution itself is not a teleological process, nor is it a negative feedback system. There is an exploration of the nature of the dissatisfaction (...)
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  6.  9
    David Lapoujade Translated, Richard Dewitt, Daniel A. Dombrowski, Arthur E. Falk, Ellen K. Feder, Harry G. Frankfurt, Harry J. Gensler, Earl W. Spurgin, James C. Swindal & Martin Heidegger (2004). Books for Review and for Listing Here Should Be Addressed to Emily Zakin, Review Editor, Department of Philosophy, Miami University, Oxford, OH 45056. Teaching Philosophy 27:199.
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  7. Arthur E. Falk (1996). Terence Irwin and Gail Fine, Trans., Aristotle: Selections Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 16 (1):29-30.
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  8.  6
    Arthur E. Falk (1981). On Some Modal Confusions in Compatibilism. American Philosophical Quarterly 18 (April):141-48.
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  9.  11
    Arthur E. Falk (1984). The Forbearance of an Instantaneous Angel. Modern Schoolman 61 (2):101-116.
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  10.  25
    Arthur E. Falk (1975). Learning to Report One's Introspections. Philosophy of Science 42 (September):223-241.
    The author argues for a purely naturalistic underpinning of the linguistic practice of reporting one's introspections. In doing so he avoids any commitments about the ontological status of entities referred to in introspective reports. He also presents evidence of the inadequacy of peripheralistic behaviorism as a naturalistic underpinning of introspective reports. The paper includes (a) a definition of 'introspection' and criticism of alternative definitions, (b) a classification scheme that sorts introspections into six different types, and (c) a presentation of evidence (...)
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  11.  13
    Arthur E. Falk (1984). Selfhood, Modality, and Philosophies of Mind. Metaphilosophy 15 (2):100–111.
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  12.  6
    Arthur E. Falk (1966). Two Conceptions of a Logic of Discovery. Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 40:203-208.
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  13.  4
    Arthur E. Falk (1998). The Judger in Russell's Theories of Judgment. Russell 17 (2):101-122.
    Russell's concept of the self as relevant to semantics, distinct from the psychological concept, evolved from a judger with no complexity of relevance to semantics to a mind with much relevant complexity. The evolution transformed his semantic conceptions: He reassessed what constitutes intentionality, giving up his theory of acquaintance as the aboriginal intentional relation, favoring a contextually constituted intentionality in his theory of neutral monism. His anti-idealism extricated itself from an unwarranted antirepresentationalism. Truth went from being an adverb of acts (...)
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  14. Arthur E. Falk (2003). Perceiving Temporal Passage. In Amita Chatterjee (ed.), Perspectives on Consciousness. New Delhi: Munshiram Manoharlal
  15.  3
    Arthur E. Falk (1966). Scholasticism In The Modern World. Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 40:203-208.
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  16.  51
    Arthur E. Falk (2004). Desire and Belief: Introduction to Some Recent Philosophical Debates. Hamilton Books, University Press of America.
    This work examines the nature of what philosophers call de re mental attitudes, paying close attention to the controversies over the nature of these and allied...
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  17. Arthur E. Falk (1997). Mathieu Marion and Robert S. Cohen, Eds., Québec Studies in the Philosophy of Science. Part I: Logic, Mathematics, Physics, and History of Science. Essays in Honor of Hugues Leblanc Reviewed By. [REVIEW] Philosophy in Review 17 (1):50-51.
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  18. Arthur E. Falk (1980). The State of the Questions About Fate. Philosophy Research Archives 6:278-339.
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  19.  11
    N. E. (1949). Reflections on the Philosophy of Sir Arthur Eddington. [REVIEW] Journal of Philosophy 46 (12):398-398.
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  20.  8
    Cynthia L. Vernon, Kerry Bronnenkant, Joe E. Heimlich & John H. Falk (2010). Critique of a Critique: Do Zoos and Aquariums Promote Attitude Change in Visitors? Society and Animals 18 (4):415-419.
    Marino et al. recently published a critique of a three-year National Science Foundation—funded investigation of the impact of zoo and aquarium visits on the public’s understanding of animals and their attitudes toward conservation . This critique of that critique will show that Marino et al. seriously misrepresent both the intent of the research and the methods used. The methods used by Falk and his colleagues were consistent with current, accepted research practice and their conclusions regarding impact were congruent with (...)
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  21.  22
    E. Eugene Arthur (1987). The Ethics of Corporate Governance. Journal of Business Ethics 6 (1):59 - 70.
    The failure of the critics of corporate governance to agree on what should be done to improve the governance process can, in most cases, be traced to a different understanding of the role of corporate directors in that process. This article analyzes and contrasts the obligations of directors under two legal theories, the fictional person theory and the organic theory, of the corporation. A comparison of the director's obligations under each theory indicates that the organic theory provides a better basis (...)
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  22.  10
    John Edgar, W. R. Scott, J. C. Irvine, C. D. Broad, B. B., G. A. Johnston, Arthur Robinson, T. E., H. Butler Smith, C. M. Gillespie, H. J. W. Hetherington, A. E. Taylor & D. S. Margoliouth (1914). New Books. [REVIEW] Mind 23 (91):433-460.
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  23.  3
    E. Eugene Arthur & Daniel R. Gilbert (1988). Book Review. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 7 (10):734-802.
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  24. Christopher E. Arthur (1976). Gadamer and Hirsch: The Canonical Work and the Interpreter's Intention. Philosophy and Social Criticism 4 (2):183-197.
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  25.  15
    Arthur Falk (1976). The Logic of Grammar. Teaching Philosophy 1 (3):334-336.
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  26.  63
    Arthur Falk (1986). Cohen on Corroboration. Mind 95 (377):110-115.
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  27.  54
    Arthur Falk (2005). A Pascal-Type Justification of Faith in a Scientific Age. Philosophy 80 (4):543-563.
    The author argues that faith survives as a rational option, despite science rendering improbable distinctively theological claims about the world and history. After rejecting justifications of faith from natural theology and natural law, he defends a seemingly weaker strategy, a corrected version of Pascal's wager argument. The wager lets one's desires count toward showing one's faith to be rational, and the faith requires that oneÕs desires undergo radical transformation to protect the faith, making the wager argument really quite strong. As (...)
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  28.  7
    Arthur Falk (1995). Gaia = Māyā. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 17 (3):485 - 502.
    I define the Gaia hypothesis as the descriptive claim, supposedly supported by biology and the earth sciences, that there's a fitness for one-and-all, and the owner of that fitness is Gaia. Much of the argument for Gaia turns on the supposed discovery of negative feedback loops serving its fitness. I present an argument against such a fitness, and so against Gaia. I distinguish two types of negative feedback systems. Systems in the engineering sense are information exploiters, whereas systems in the (...)
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  29.  15
    Winston H. F. Barnes, W. D. Falk & A. E. Duncan-Jones (1945). Symposium: Intention, Motive and Responsibility. Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 19 (1):230 - 288.
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  30.  14
    Arthur Falk (1995). A Connectionist Solution to Problems Posed by Plato and Aristotle. Behavior and Philosophy 23 (3-1):1 - 12.
    Intentionality occurs in connectionist nets among those traits of the nets that scientists call flaws. This label has obscured for philosophers the fact that the naturalistic basis of intentionality has been discovered. I show this while staying on our profession's common ground of discourse about ancient philosophy. In the "Theaetetus", Plato invokes a homunculus to explain perceptual misrecognition, and in "On Memory and Recollection", Aristotle invokes a mental operation of disregarding in order to overcome the extraneous determinateness of mental images. (...)
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  31.  11
    Arthur Falk (2002). A Decision-Theoretic Analysis of Faith. Philo 5 (2):174-195.
    New definitions of theism and of faith are offered that are consistent with low degrees of belief in a god. Theism and atheism are as much differences of desire as of belief. The argument depends on a new conception of knowledge. I use decision theory to reconstruct the Kantian distinction between speculative reason and practical reason, but I make the distinction in a non-Kantian way. The former, which is knowledge, is characterized in terms of an effect in probability theory---what I (...)
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  32.  17
    Arthur Falk (1995). Wisdom Updated. Philosophy of Science 62 (3):389-403.
    Given the personalist's latitudinarian conception of rationality, what is progress toward wisdom? An answer is in C. I. Lewis's concept of the "congruence" of propositions, propositions so related that the antecedent probability of any one of them will be increased if the remainder can be assumed. This effect can be modelled in the probability calculus with due attention to the temporal sequencing of our learning of contingent propositions without ever becoming certain of them, as Jeffrey proposes. A diachronic bootstrapping effect (...)
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  33.  13
    Kate Brittlebank, Kathleen D. Morrison, Christopher Key Chapple, D. L. Johnson, Fritz Blackwell, Carl Olson, Chenchuramaiah T. Bathala, Gail Hinich Sutherland, Gail Hinich Sutherland, Ashley James Dawson, Nancy Auer Falk, Carl Olson, Dan Cozort, Karen Pechilis Prentiss, Tessa Bartholomeusz, Katharine Adeney, D. L. Johnson, Heidi Pauwels, Paul Waldau, Paul Waldau, C. Mackenzie Brown, David Kinsley, John E. Cort, Jonathan S. Walters, Christopher Key Chapple, Helene T. Russell, Jeffrey J. Kripal, Dermot Killingley, Dorothy M. Figueira & John S. Strong (1998). Book Reviews and Notices. [REVIEW] International Journal of Hindu Studies 2 (1):117-156.
  34. Arthur Falk, Theaetetus Makes Book; Axiothea Reads Minds.
    Three dialogues introducing the mathematical way of treating desire and belief, that is to say, the theory of probability interpreted as degree of belief, and decision theory in the way that Ramsey envisioned it being developed. Suitable as a textbook.
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  35. J. B. Arthur, A. F. Gibson, J. W. Granvtlle & E. G. S. Paige (1958). The Diffusion (Nt, Mobility and Lifetime of Minority Carriers in Germanium Containing Parallel Arrays of Dislocations. Philosophical Magazine 3 (33):940-949.
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  36.  2
    Sherry L. Grace, Suzan Krepostman, Dina Brooks, Susan Jaglal, Beth L. Abramson, Pat Scholey, Neville Suskin, Heather Arthur & Donna E. Stewart (2006). Referral to and Discharge From Cardiac Rehabilitation: Key Informant Views on Continuity of Care. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 12 (2):155-163.
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  37. Arthur Falk (1995). Patrick Maher, Betting On Theories Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 15 (2):120-122.
     
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  38. Winston Barnes, W. D. Falk & A. E. Duncan-Jones (1945). Intention, Motive and Responsibility. Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 19:230-288.
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  39. Arthur Falk (1986). Afterword on the Nature of Philosophy. Proceedings of the Heraclitean Society 11.
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  40. Arthur Falk, Comments to the Senate on the General Education Policy. Proceedings of the Heraclitean Society 17.
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  41. Arthur Falk (1995). GAIA Equals M (A) Over-barY (A) Over-Bar. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 17 (3):485-502.
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  42. Arthur Falk, How Scientists, Out Hunting Pseudo-Science and Anti-Science, Manage to Shoot Themselves in the Foot. Proceedings of the Heraclitean Society 15.
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  43. Arthur Falk (1978). Is There Any Sense? Proceedings of the Heraclitean Society 3.
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  44. Arthur Falk (1982). Newly Discovered Papyrus Containing the Long-Lost Ending of Plato's Dialogue Theaetetus. Proceedings of the Heraclitean Society 7.
     
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  45. Arthur Falk (1995). Patrick Maher, Betting On Theories. [REVIEW] Philosophy in Review 15:120-122.
     
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  46. Arthur Falk, Review of Jan Dejnozka, The Ontology of the Analytic Tradition and Its Origins. [REVIEW] Russell 18 (2).
     
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  47. Arthur Falk (1999). Rejoinder to Dejnozka's Reply. Russell 19 (1).
     
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  48. Arthur Falk (1981). Selected Excerpts From Symposium with Dr. Noam Chomsky. Proceedings of the Heraclitean Society 6.
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  49. Arthur Falk (1993). Summer 1991: The "Monty Hall" Problem; Fall 1993: The Two Envelopes Puzzle; And Now: Doomsday. Proceedings of the Heraclitean Society 17:64.
  50. Arthur Falk (1996). Terence Irwin and Gail Fine, Trans., Aristotle: Selections. [REVIEW] Philosophy in Review 16:29-30.
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